Consequences of allergic purpura nephritis .1. Edema Once an allergic purpura nephritis occurs, then the most obvious symptom is that it can cause a systemic puffiness, including cheeks, eyes and even limbs. These may appear to some extent. Puffiness, because nephritis will hinder some of our body’s water discharge, so at this time, it will inevitably flow into other parts of our body, causing puffiness, so once these symptoms occur, we should check in time for targeted treatment. &Nbsp.2. There is foam in the urine. In addition to a systemic puffiness, on the other hand, there is a lot of foam in the urine. If there is foam in the urine, then it means that there is a certain disturbance in our body functions. Therefore, it is necessary to go to the hospital for a routine urine test in a timely manner. Only in this way can we diagnose the disease as early as possible and then treat it in a targeted manner. The patient himself must not have too much psychological pressure.
1. Physiological reasons 1. The presence of semen components in the urethra can be seen in retrograde ejaculation, which is common in patients with diabetes and autonomic dysfunction. 2. Excessive urination or standing too high during urination, it is easy to form foam, but the foam is easy to dissipate. 3. Urine concentration. In the case of too little drinking water, excessive sweating, diarrhea, etc., the human body is concentrated in urine due to insufficient water, resulting in a higher concentration of protein and other components in the urine. 4. Other reasons. Disinfectants and detergents in urinals are also one of the reasons for the formation of urine foam. Occasional foamy urine is mostly physiological, don’t worry. 2. Pathological reasons 1. Proteinuria: Abnormally increased protein content in urine is one of the most common causes of foamy urine. Foam urine usually occurs secondary to proteinuria. A thin layer of foam floats on the surface of this urine, similar to beer foam, and it does not disappear for a long time; 2. Urinary system infections: common urinary system infections include urinary tract infections , Cystitis, prostatitis, etc., most of them are accompanied by frequent urination, urgency, dysuria and other symptoms; 3. Increased urinary glucose: diabetic patients due to increased blood sugar, secondary urinary glucose increased, prone to foamy urine, but this Foam is generally large and disappears quickly; 4. When there are aerobic bacteria in the urinary tract, bubbles can be generated in the urine; 5. Frequent exciters, due to increased mucus secreted by the urethral bulb, the surface tension of the urine increases, There will also be more bubbles in the urine; 6. Other reasons: If the man has prostatitis, the urine may be piggybacked with prostatic fluid, which will have oil beads on the surface of the urine, showing a bubble-like urine state with many small bubbles . In liver and kidney diseases, the urinary bilirubin or protein content increases, and more bubbles can be generated during urination. In short, there are many reasons for the bubbles in the urine, but when there are many bubbles in the urine, the bubbles are large and the duration is long, it is advisable to go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible.
Foam urine is the inexplicable bubbles in urine. Many people equate foamy urine with proteinuria, and the result is white tension for a long time. Foamy urine of patients with kidney disease A large amount of proteinuria can show a large amount of foam in the urine of patients, often in different sizes. The foam in these urines cannot be washed by the toilet at a time. The foam can continue for more than 30 minutes if it is not continuously flushed. The cause of foamy urine is not directly caused by urine protein, but the protein in urine changes the structural composition of urine, causing the surface tension of the liquid to change, so a large amount of foam is generated. Therefore, a lot of protein urine can have many urine bubbles, but foam urine is not necessarily protein urine! Foam urine of normal people Normal people also have foam urine in the following cases, but this foam is small and can be quickly washed away by the toilet. 1. When the urine is concentrated (less drinking water, more sweating) 2. Urinary urination, force, when men stand to urinate (high position, instant foaming, generally the foam can disappear quickly after standing urine). 3. There are many sexual components in urine (such as male semen, prostate fluid, urethral mucus, female leucorrhea, menstruation, urethral mucus, etc.). 4. Healthy people after ingesting large amounts of protein, or staying up late, overworked, and degraded physical function. In a word: there is no need to panic when there is foam in the urine, but you need to check the urine to rule out accidents to prevent accidents.
Hello everyone, I am a nephrologist. With the rapid development of mobile Internet, the media has risen rapidly in recent years. But the Internet is a big dye tank, no, I saw a so-called health master on the Internet the other day, and introduced on the Internet, “If your urine is yellow or turns yellow, what is wrong with you, What to use to soak in water…” In this regard, as a nephrologist, you must stand up to tell the truth and tell the truth. Please note that the normal color of our human urine should be yellowish or transparent or colorless and transparent. Next, I will explain my reasons. First look at where our urine comes from? ●Urine is actually composed of excess water, electrolytes, and toxins. Every moment our body has a large amount of blood entering the kidney through the renal artery, and then filtered by our glomeruli to form raw urine. This is the first process. This raw urine adds up to about 180L a day, and the original The electrolyte composition in urine is the same as plasma, and 99% of it is water. ●After the first process is completed, the contents of these raw urine (which contains glucose, amino acids, electrolytes, bicarbonate, etc.) will be reabsorbed back into the blood when they reach the renal tubules and collecting tubes, so the final Urine is about 1.5L. This is also the urine output of a normal adult. Of course, this amount is only an approximation. If you intake less water today, your urine output will naturally decrease. If you consume a lot of water, your urine output will naturally be more. The ins and outs of our human urine. ●Note that if our urine is less than 400ml a day, it is oliguria, and if it is less than 100ml, it is anuria, which indicates that the body may be in a disease state, and the kidney may be damaged because if our urine is less than 500ml/d, The waste produced by our body’s metabolism cannot be completely discharged from the kidneys. The opposite is also true. If our body’s urine is more than 2500ml a day, we call it polyuria. If it is more than 4000ml a day, it is diarrhea. This kind of polyuria often suggests that the body may be in a disease state or take some Special drugs. Why is urine yellow? ●Under normal circumstances, our fresh urine is colorless or clear, light yellow or amber, the focus is coming, because the color of urine is affected by urogenogen, urobilin, and urinary porphyrin, so it appears pale The yellow color is normal. If there is little water intake within a day, and the urine may show a deep yellow color after a lot of sweating, this is actually a normal phenomenon, because the urine is concentrated. However, if the urine color changes abnormally under pathological conditions, as follows: ①Red: This is more common is hematuria, the reason is that there are red blood cells in the urine, which can be roughly divided into gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria Two kinds. The most common diseases of hematuria are urinary stones, glomerular diseases, urinary tumors, etc. In this case, it is best to go to the hospital in time to find the cause of hematuria. ②White: I have also introduced to you that in general, urine does not appear white, so the most common type of urine is purulent urine and chyluria. The purulent urine is more commonly a urinary tract infection, and the common way people talk about it is purulent. Chyluria is mainly caused by diseases such as filariasis, tuberculosis, etc. This is due to the fact that the chylous fluid absorbed by the intestine fails to flow into the blood through the normal lymphatic vessels and flows back into the urine. The appearance may look like white milk. If the urine chyle test can be positive, it is also necessary to go to the hospital in time for such urine. ③Blue-green: There are more factors affecting the urine color, such as food pigments, urinary tract infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, obstruction of the biliary tract, some special drugs or chemical reagents (such as propofol , Methylene blue, phenol, boric acid, etc.), if it appears for a short period of time, you can drink more water and urinate to observe. If there is no relief, it is more indicative of pathological factors, and you need to go to the hospital in time to determine the cause. To sum up, don’t look at a little urine, it can not only reflect the metabolism of our body, but also the related auxiliary examination of urine can effectively guide clinical medication and treatment. Therefore, we must not only know why the urine is yellow, but also know that when there is abnormal urine color, we should go to the hospital in time to find out the relevant reasons, so as not to delay the treatment of the disease. Please note: when the body has
The initial symptoms of kidney disease are often hidden and difficult to find. This requires us to do regular physical examinations, especially urine tests. If the following 4 signs appear, it is likely that kidney function has been damaged. Signs of impaired renal function. Early detection of 4 signals 1. When the eyelid and lower extremity edema and renal insufficiency, the metabolic capacity for sodium is reduced, which easily leads to the retention of water and sodium metabolism. Excess water accumulates in the subcutaneous tissues, and symptoms such as eyelid edema in the morning and edema of the lower limbs after fatigue can appear. Press and hold the skin of the ankle with your hand. If you press one pit and the elasticity is very poor, it is usually edema. 2. Proteinuria and hematuria When the kidney is damaged, the ability to recover protein is reduced, which makes protein easily appear in urine. People who already have kidney disease also need to regularly test urine protein levels to assess kidney function. If inflammation, stones, tumors or blood vessels rupture in the kidneys, red blood cells will be excreted in the urine to form hematuria. Some foods or medicines may also cause urine to turn red, which is pseudo-hematuria, so it cannot be judged by urine color alone, and a urine test is required. Urine test is positive, the urine contains a lot of non-dissipating foam, which is proteinuria. If the number of red blood cells in the urine exceeds the standard, it is hematuria. 3. Increased creatinine Creatinine is a product of muscle metabolism, which is mainly filtered through the glomeruli and excreted from the body. When the muscle is not consumed vigorously, the amount of creatinine produced by the human body is relatively constant. Urine creatinine is 7-18 mmol/d for men and 5.3-16 mmol/d for women; blood creatinine for men is 53-106 μmol/L for men and 44-97 μmol/L for women. Increased blood creatinine and urinary creatinine for unknown reasons may indicate impaired renal function. 4. Fatigue, weak waist and knees From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, the kidneys contain the body’s yang and energy. Chronic kidney disease can easily make the kidneys weak, causing fatigue, weakness in the waist and legs, frequent nocturia, and cold limbs. It is also easy to affect the spleen and lungs, leading to phlegm and stasis, at the same time causing chest tightness, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, indigestion and so on.
Prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostate cancer. For these kinds of prostate diseases, boys are familiar with them, and they are more or less familiar, but what is the “prostate calcification focus”? Will it become cancerous? One: Why does the prostate calcify? “Prostate calcification foci”, also known as prostate calcification, is not a separate disease. It is the presence of calcium deposits in the prostate seen by ultrasound, X-ray or CT imaging. The formation of prostate calcification is actually similar to the formation of urinary tract stones. The prostate has glandular ducts. Urine or secretions in the glandular ducts may remain to form crystalline calcification, just like the silt in the river channel. It will slowly become clumped and hardened over time. The calcification of the prostate, in addition to the deposition of substances in the prostate gland duct, also refers to the scars left after the local lesions have been cured, just like the scars on the bark. It was previously injured, but now it is good and leaves scars. The cause of prostate calcification is still unclear. Existing research believes that it may be related to factors such as chronic prostatitis, retention of prostate fluid, degeneration of prostate tissue, stenosis of the prostate tube, disturbance of calcium and phosphorus metabolism, and frequent prostate hyperemia. The most common cause of prostate calcification is prostatitis or prostate stones, which leads to calcifications on imaging. When urinating, urine flows back into the prostate gland duct. Over time, the components in the urine precipitate and crystallize. On the other hand, urine reflux stimulates the prostate to cause inflammation, and after repeated inflammatory stimulations, prostatitis will heal scars, which are calcified spots, after healing. This is like the calcification point formed after the tuberculosis has healed. The unhealthy lifestyle leads to an increasing incidence of prostatitis. For young men in their twenties or thirties, physical examination reveals calcification of the prostate, which may mean suffering from prostatitis, at least once. But over 50 years old, benign prostatic hyperplasia with ageing can also cause calcification in the prostate. Calcification itself does not cause any symptoms. However, calcification of the prostate can block the prostate gland ducts, prone to breed bacteria, and may cause treatment of prostatitis and repeated attacks. Therefore, patients with prostatitis are prone to develop calcification of the prostate; patients with prostate calcification are also prone to induce prostatitis. Two: Why is the calcification of the prostate cancerous? Prostate cancer ranks first among male malignancies in developed countries in Europe and America. The latest cancer data released by the National Cancer Center of my country shows that prostate cancer has gradually increased with the degree of urbanization, and the incidence of prostate cancer in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou is close to that of European countries. What is more worrying is that more than 70% of prostate cancer patients are already in the advanced stage when they are first diagnosed. Under the influence of this anxiety atmosphere of “talking about cancer color change”, many male friends worry that prostate calcification will become cancerous. Prostate calcification is mainly closely related to prostatitis and has no clear direct relationship with prostate cancer. Calcification of the prostate is neither precancerous nor directly malignant. Three: How to treat prostate calcification? Prostate calcification will not disappear by itself. Prostate calcification unintentionally found in health examinations or other examinations has no uncomfortable symptoms and generally does not require treatment. Only need to pay attention to the health of the genitals in daily life, and regularly review. Men over 45 years old, it is necessary to do blood PSA (prostate specific antigen) examination, finger finger examination, and prostate ultrasound examination once a year. For prostatitis caused by calcification of the prostate, patients with frequent urination, urgency, dysuria and other symptoms, the need for standardized treatment of prostatitis. The specific treatment method for prostatitis should be based on whether there are pathogen infection and inflammation type, choose to take appropriate drugs, and combined with prostate massage, hyperthermia, biofeedback and other comprehensive treatment. If prostate calcification is accompanied by symptoms such as hematuria and difficulty in urinating, do not use medication on your own. You should go to the urology department of a regular hospital in time to pass PSA prostate specific antigen, prostate CT, MR and other tests to rule out whether there are prostate hyperplasia, prostate tumor, prostate Tuberculosis and other diseases. For boys with prostate calcification, pay attention to the following points in daily life: 1. Improve learning ability, obtain correct health science knowledge, and do not superstitious advertisements; 2. The best smoking habit is to quit smoking, and alcohol should also be controlled; 3. Diet Balanced nutrition, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, and eat less spicy, stimulating food; 4. When summer comes, pay attention to drink plenty of water, do not hold back urine; 5, combine work and rest, avoid overwork, try to stay as low as possible
Teacher Huang is a very successful middle-aged female intellectual. He is in good health, in good condition, and full of energy, but there is a little regret. When walking briskly, urination will voluntarily flow out, and it can’t be controlled, which is very embarrassing. . She went to many hospitals for treatment and was suspected of urinary tract infection, urethral malformation, urethral syndrome and other diseases, but almost all of the examinations found no abnormalities. After receiving antibiotics, kidney medicine and other treatments, all tests failed. Teacher Huang’s urinary incontinence is not an individual phenomenon. According to statistics, about 50% of middle-aged and elderly women will voluntarily urinate when running, coughing, laughing, or sneezing. This is medically called stress urinary incontinence. . Some people are nervous about this, thinking that something is wrong with the urinary system or nervous system. In fact, this situation is mostly related to improper clothing. Long-term wearing of bodysuits is a factor that cannot be ignored, and the root cause should be traced back to youth, because young women almost always love to wear corsets and wear tights. Why do women cause stress urinary incontinence? The original woman’s urethra is short, wide, straight, and weak in muscle strength, and often cannot withstand the impact of increasing abdominal pressure. According to measurements, urethra shorter than 3 centimeters cannot prevent urine outflow, and many women have a urethra length less than 3 centimeters, and the muscle contraction strength of the urethral opening is insufficient, so urine outflow is easy to occur. Even if the urethra is longer than 3 cm, there is no relaxation of the urethral sphincter, and urinary incontinence can also occur, which is related to inappropriate clothing. The normal female urethra and the posterior angle of the bladder bottom are 90 degrees to 100 degrees, and the angle of the urethral inclination formed between the upper urethral axis and the vertical line of the standing position is about 30 degrees. This angle should not allow urine to flow out of the bladder. of. If you wear bodysuits and tight belts for a long time, the bladder will be pressed forward and downward, so that the posterior angle of the urethra and bladder connection will increase and straighten, and urine will easily overflow. Therefore, from the perspective of preventing urinary incontinence, it is very important not to wear bodysuits, especially not to wear a waist. So, what to do if this symptom has already occurred? It can be improved by training the urethral sphincter. Exercise can make the urethral sphincter resemble a sturdy gate, which is difficult to open and makes urine difficult to overflow. The method of exercise is to contract the anus regularly every day, because not only the anal sphincter is exercised while contracting the anus, but also the urethral sphincter is also strengthened, and even the muscle strength of the entire pelvic floor muscle group can be strengthened. But it must be pointed out that this kind of exercise must be persevered, and will only gradually improve after a few months. Close the anus 3 times a day, 20 times each time. At the same time, it is also helpful to strive to lie down, heighten the buttocks, and strengthen the abdominal muscles during rest to promote forward bladder reduction. According to research, sit-ups are one of the best ways to exercise abdominal muscles. Teacher Huang was instructed and insisted on anal rectal and sit-up exercises. At first, it was difficult to persevere. It became commonplace after one month. He didn’t get used to it without exercise. After 3 months, the degree of urinary incontinence was significantly alleviated and disappeared after half a year. Of course, there are other causes of urinary incontinence in women, such as congenital urethral sphincter dysfunction, perineal and vaginal muscle relaxation in many women, and certain gynecological diseases. This requires going to the hospital for treatment.
Shi Shurong’s studio WeChat xyk261 Many children with purpura are suffering from stomach pain and leg pain. When spring and summer arrived, pollen catkins raged. Nowadays, the weather is hot, the air-conditioned space is closed, and dust and bacteria in the air are more likely to be allergic to these. Allergic purpura, focusing on early detection and early treatment, the early effect is more obvious and effective. If you are currently suffering from nasal congestion, runny nose and other problems, you may wish to self-test according to the following method to see if you have contracted allergic purpura! 1. A rash appears, similar in appearance to measles or papules, it can also be fused into a sheet, forming a purple ecchymosis, which will not fade when pressed. It mainly occurs on the buttocks and legs, mostly on both sides of the body. 2. Joint pain and swelling, mainly affecting the knees and ankles. 3. Abdominal pain or cramps may also cause loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and occasionally bloody stools, but no gastrointestinal bleeding. 4. Kidney damage, most patients have minor damage and usually do not cause any discomfort. Only when a urine test can be found that the urine contains protein or blood components. How does Chinese medicine treat allergic purpura? Chinese medicine belongs to the category of “blood syndrome”. Generally belong to the “spot” category, because allergic purpura often has external feelings at the beginning of the disease and is caused by allergies, so its cause is mostly related to wind, dampness, heat, and poison. The pathogenesis of purpuric nephritis can be considered as a patient with blood heat content, exogenous wind evil or food with moving wind, wind and heat fight or heat poison, such as burning blood, causing blood pressure, and overflowing the skin , Intestinal gastrointestinal, and even kidney, so there are frequent skin purpura of the lower limbs, abdominal pain frequently, even blood in the stool and urine. For example, after being bitten by an insect, local swelling and blisters are caused by the intoxication of insect poison. The dampness heats up, blocks the veins, the blood and blood circulation is poor, and the blood is forced. Such as cold evil invasion, stagnation in the blood network, can also be purpura, qi does not take blood or virtual fire burning network, urine blood can occur. When Western medicine treats HSPN, oral administration of hormones or immunosuppressants can easily cause gastrointestinal adverse reactions. Chinese medicine believes that these drugs are more bitter and cold, and the patients have strict dietary requirements. They need to restrict seafood, low salt and low fat light diet. The spleen and stomach are damaged, qi and blood are impaired, the subtle function of Yunhua Mizutani is reduced, and uncomfortable symptoms such as fatigue, abdominal distension, and loss of appetite appear; the spleen does not control blood, and purple spots and bloody stools can be seen outside the blood spill.
My father is an “otaku”. I used to see him sitting for several hours playing games, and then held back the peculiar scene of urgency and rushing to the toilet. However, it is not just “otaku”. There are four major events in eating and drinking Lhasa. When it comes to modern people, there is nothing that can’t wait for it, especially the latter two. The busy “brother”, the “white-collar” who is diligent in receiving customers, and medical workers like the author. When the work is busy, the matter of Lhasa has to be put on hold for a while. However, for this dedicated attitude, I have only six words of advice: Don’t stop, don’t hold back! You ask me why, don’t worry, you go to a bathroom first, and when we come back we will talk slowly.  . What are the hazards of holding back urine? Increased risk of urinary stones: the reason is that urine stays in the body for too long; increased risk of urinary tract infections and bladder tumors: prolonged stimulation of urine on the bladder epithelium; leading to prostatitis-like symptoms in men: the bladder is under high pressure for a long time Causes pelvic floor pain and frequent urination; bladder rupture: This may not really scare you. In extreme cases, holding back urine may cause bladder rupture. What harm does it hold? Induced constipation: the most common. Stool that stays in the intestine, the water contained in it will be absorbed by the intestine, causing induration of stool, causing difficulty in defecation, and causing trouble; induced hemorrhoids: increased intestinal pressure and pelvic floor pressure caused by long-term holding back may cause hemorrhoids; cause pelvis Symptoms of floor syndrome: such as stool incontinence, pelvic floor pressure, etc.; increased risk of sudden death: scientific research has confirmed that the most common cause of sudden death due to cardiac and cerebrovascular causes is the forceful bowel habits caused by constipation. Holding back is not a problem. The comic artist Mr. Ma Ji died suddenly while using the toilet. It may be related to the cardiovascular accident caused by forced bowel movements. Although everyone knows that holding back urine is not good, there are countless people who are performing this dangerous exercise to varying degrees in real life. And some of the people I mentioned at the beginning, such as the sedentary “brother” and the sedentary “white collar”, were discovered by scientists and became a high-risk group of many urinary problems. The act of holding back urine will allow the waste to stay in the body longer, resulting in increased pressure on the bladder and pelvis, which may cause many hazards. Next, let us take a closer look at the production of urine and the process of defecation. The bladder is not a “large water tank”. People cannot hold urine indefinitely. Urine is produced from the kidney, passes through the ureter, and enters the bladder for temporary storage. Naive, you might think that the bladder is like a big water tank, but it is not. Instead of saying it is a water tank, imagine it as a water sac with a valve. With the increase of urine, the pressure in the water sac will become higher and higher. These pressures can be felt at any time! After the pressure reaches a certain level, the brain “headquarters” will feel urinating. If conditions permit, you can let your brain direct the urethral sphincter to open the valve to complete a familiar urination; or, your brain requires your urethra The sphincter is strictly guarded against death. “It is not suitable to pee now,” the brain said. However, the tolerance of the bladder is limited. When the pressure reaches a certain level, this urination will even become painful, forcing you to complete a urination. Strict urination cannot be achieved at all.  . What is the process of defecation? Compared with holding back urine, holding back is easier, mainly because the completion of bowel movements requires a variety of nerve reflexes and muscle group movements. But the basic process is still “stool storage-produce stool-the brain judges whether it is possible to defecate-let’s defecate or tolerate again”. Holding back seems to be more physiologically feasible, so more people are deeply disturbed. Have to hold back, how is it good? I understand the above, but can I remedy it if I have to hold it? You all know the truth, what else to say? But hey, let’s talk a little bit. Try not to hold your urine: if you have to hold your back, then you will become a high-risk group of the above-mentioned hazards. Since it cannot be avoided, regular physical examination is very important to you; “Can’t hold back” may be sick: if Your urination frequency is particularly high and urgent, or there is still tingling, then it is recommended that you still go to the hospital for treatment. The so-called stagnation may also be the performance of urinary tract infections and other urinary system diseases; prevent constipation: for holding back stools Because the main harm still comes from constipation, it is very important to prevent constipation. Drink more water, eat more vegetables and fruits to ensure
There are almost no nerves inside the kidneys, and inflammatory lesions are not felt. Generally, when there is a decline in kidney function, or when kidney disease occurs, the body will send out some corresponding “distress signals”. But when the kidney disease worsens, some of the original abnormal details of the body will magnify and worsen accordingly. The occurrence of these four abnormalities indicates that the kidney disease has deteriorated. Please don’t delay it. 1. Urine changes and edema of the limbs are generated in the kidney. The kidney can help excrete garbage and metabolic waste in the body. When kidney function appears The frequency of urination when abnormal, the urine color, smell and traits will also change to some extent, such as the frequency of urination significantly increased, especially when the night frequently rises at night, blood in the urine or foam in the urine Can’t disperse. The kidney has a filtering function, which can help discharge excess water in the body and metabolic wastes in the blood. When the kidney is insufficiency, a lot of water will gather together, causing edema of the hands and feet. 2. High blood pressure and low back pain The kidney has the effect of regulating blood pressure. When the kidney function is damaged, renin is secreted, which activates some substances on the body and increases blood pressure. Only active blood pressure control can prevent kidney failure. When it reaches the state of renal failure, it will cause pain in the lower back, accompanied by persistent high fever, frequent urination, general weakness, nausea and vomiting. 3. Eyelid edema and shortness of breath will increase the excretion of urinary protein when the kidney’s filtration function is damaged, causing edema around the eyes. If there is persistent eyelid edema, especially when you wake up in the morning, it indicates abnormal kidney function. When the kidney function is damaged, water and sodium will be retained, and excess water will accumulate around or in the lungs, resulting in shortness of breath. In addition, it will cause anemia and prevent the body from getting sufficient oxygen supply, thereby speeding up breathing speed. 4. Itchy skin and headache will reduce when kidney function is abnormal, the production of erythropoietin, the decrease of red blood cells on the body will reduce its carrying capacity, the oxygen supply of the brain and muscles will be insufficient, which will cause fatigue of the body, accompanied by headache and dizziness And a feeling of total weakness. In the end-stage renal disease and chronic kidney disease patients will have itchy skin, which will generally show a symmetrical distribution. The skin itching is mainly concentrated on the face, back and arms. In addition, the accumulation of a large amount of waste in the blood will disturb the intestinal function, causing loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and bad breath. Warmly remind you to be vigilant when the above 4 symptoms appear, and go to the hospital for kidney function test in time, so as not to speed up the process of uremia and renal failure.
When it comes to stones, many people think of kidney stones and gallstones, but I don’t know that in addition to these two parts, other organs of the body are also prone to stones, such as the prostate. Many men may wonder that the prostate also has stones? What are the discomfort symptoms after the stones appear, will it cause harm?  . Today, Lanzhou Longda Hospital (www.lzldyy.com) will take you to take a closer look.  . . What is a prostate stone?  . . Prostate stones refer to stones that grow in the prostate duct, and often appear at the same time as benign prostatic hyperplasia, mainly in adults, especially men around 60 years old. There are many causes of prostate stones, among which blockage of the prostate duct and the formation of stones by the reflux of urine into the prostate duct. Most patients with prostate stones have no obvious symptoms, and only when accompanied by prostatitis, prostate hyperplasia will have related symptoms.  . . Will prostate stones cause harm?  . Although there are no obvious symptoms of prostate stones, stones in the prostate can cause other androgenic diseases, causing irritation and injury, especially these.  . . 1. Inflammation . . Persistent stones can lead to other diseases such as prostatitis. The prostate is stimulated by stones for a long time to cause inflammation. Prostatic cysts can also form when not controlled.  . . 2. Influencing sexual function . .Because of the complications associated with prostate stones, there will be pain after sexual intercourse, or sexual dysfunction such as premature ejaculation and impotence.  . . 3. Lead to kidney failure . . Stones will block the urethra, interruption during urination, and let urine reflux cause hydronephrosis. For a long time, kidney function will continue to decline, and kidney failure will occur.  . . How can men prevent prostate stones?  . . 1. Eat less spicy and stimulating foods . . Spicy and stimulating foods will affect the prostate, and make the prostate repeatedly congested, which is not conducive to prostate health.  . . Two, drink plenty of water . . . Water can dilute the urine and produce urine, help flush the secretions in the urethra and prostate, prevent the accumulation of stones, and pay attention to the fact that beverages should not be used instead of plain water.  . . 3. Controlling sexual life . . Although proper sex can be a pleasure for both body and mind, excessive excessive congestion of the prostate can lead to inflammation and induce prostate stones. Warm reminder of Lanzhou Longda Hospital: In general, the prostate will also have stones, so men should know about prostate stones and take preventive measures. After all, the occurrence of stones will be accompanied by complications and will also affect, especially male sexual function . If you want to maintain a strong wind and prevent sexual organs from being affected, it is important to find good care in a timely manner. At the same time, you should usually exercise more to promote blood circulation to help eliminate prostate toxins and reduce the incidence of stones. If you have any questions, you can directly click on the online consultation or call the health hotline: 0931-4523019 for consultation and understanding. I wish you a speedy recovery! Lanzhou Longda Male Hospital Address: Industry and Trade Building, No. 1, Gaolan Road, Chengguan District, Lanzhou City. Lanzhou Longda Male Hospital Website: www.lzldyy.net . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .&bb. com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .: www.lzldyy.cn .
The prostate, a anatomical structure unique to men, whose secreted glandular fluid is an important part of semen. It is located under the bladder and surrounds the urethra. Its normal size is equivalent to a chestnut. Although this “chestnut” is somewhat inconspicuous compared to other large organs, but it has a bad temper, and will run away if you don’t pay attention, and various symptoms will appear. Before that, we have talked in detail about the younger and younger disease-chronic prostatitis. This article focuses on another common disease of this small thing-hyperplasia, prostate hyperplasia. The confession of the little prostate gland “Hedong in thirty years, Hexi in thirty years, don’t look at my weakness now, I won’t stand it until I’m strong”. Why is the prostate hyperplasia? The current research results are that there are two conditions for prostate hyperplasia. The first is age increase, and the second is functional testicles. This means that as long as you are alive and your testicles function well, your prostate will grow slowly. Domestic scholars have surveyed 26 elderly Qing Dynasty eunuchs and found that the prostate of 21 people has been completely untouchable or atrophy. The results of epidemiological studies show that the initial incidence usually occurs after the age of 40, the incidence rate exceeds 50% by the age of 60, and as high as 83% at the age of 80, and most of them require surgical intervention after the age of 60. Because the prostate wraps around the urethra, the most common symptom after hyperplasia is urination-related symptoms. Often the earliest appearance is increased nocturia, followed by frequent urination, urgency, and poor urination. Some people will progress to Difficulty urinating and increased residual urine. Seeing this, do you think it is very similar to the symptoms of chronic prostatitis? In fact, there is a big difference. The urine of chronic prostatitis is not because the inflammatory glands are squeezed into the posterior urethra at the end of urination, and the inflammatory glands are very viscous and not easy to discharge like urine. There is always a feeling of not exhausting. Severe benign prostatic hyperplasia is caused by squeezing the urethra, making the urethra thinner and even closed, which makes urine unable to drain cleanly. We have a clinical examination that uses ultrasound to observe how much urine is left in the bladder after urination, called residual bladder urine, to determine whether the urine is drained clean. Although young patients with chronic prostatitis have urinary sensation, there is no residual urine in the bladder; while patients with severe benign prostatic hyperplasia have urinary sensation, there will be unequal amount of residual urine in the bladder. I have also seen impaired functions, even those with six or seven hundred milliliters of urine remaining without obvious feeling. Sometimes, older men suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia will have acute urinary retention, which is due to various reasons that cause the prostatic hyperplasia to further swell. The urethra is completely squeezed and closed, and the urine cannot be discharged at all. . At this time, it is necessary to immediately catheterize and release the urine. However, some patients have severe prostate hyperplasia at the time of medical treatment, and the urinary catheter cannot pass through the prostate. At this time, if possible, you can try to put the urinary catheter under the cystoscope. If you have no condition, use the bladder to make a fistula. The small hole directly enters the bladder, a urine tube is placed, and the urine is discharged. In clinical practice, many people have concerns about how to grow well after making a hole in the belly. Here, I can tell you that the small incision of the bladder fistula is 1-2 cm long. It can grow up quickly after the urinary catheter is removed, and some people may leave a small scar. We judge that there are many important tests for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The first one is anal finger examination. Use your fingers to palpate. First, you have an intuitive feeling. Second, you can touch whether there is a hard nodule to determine whether there is cancer. may. But now many clinicians do not like to do this test. Then there is the ultrasound of the prostate. It will give a measurement value and tell the urological surgeon whether the size of the prostate has penetrated into the bladder. We will use this to judge the degree of prostate hyperplasia. Then I don’t know if you have heard or seen such a phenomenon. Some people have a large prostate with no severe urination symptoms. However, some people have a prostate with mild to moderate hyperplasia but severe urination symptoms. This phenomenon is actually very easy to explain. The growth of the prostate can be roughly divided into two types. One is hyperplasia toward the center and inward. Even if this hyperplasia is a little longer, the pressure on the urethra is relatively heavy. The other is the foreign minister, which sometimes grows very large, but the pressure on the urethra is not very serious. So prostate ultrasound is only an important test
We often hear that we need to eat more foods such as yam, apple, winter melon, cucumber, etc. These foods are in diuretic condition, which can increase the urine produced by the kidneys, so as to excrete more urine. What special benefits does diuresis have for our body? Have male health problems? Click here for online consultation It is well known that urine is metabolic waste and toxins excreted from organisms. In other words, urine is a substance that is not needed by the organism, and because it flows through many places, it will also wash out the bacteria in these places at the same time, so urine has a great effect, but its role is not only Restricted to this, let’s talk to you about the benefits of eating more diuretic foods and more urination. 1 Antihypertensive: the effect of sodium diuresis will reduce blood volume, reduce cardiac output, blood volume in arterial blood vessels and pressure drop It can reduce blood pressure, which is of great benefit to patients with hypertension. 2 Swelling: Edema is a common symptom of heart, liver, and kidney diseases. Although the cause is different, they all have a common feature-the increase of intercellular fluid. And eating more diuretic foods can reduce or disappear edema. 3 strong hearts: patients with heart failure must eat more diuretic foods, because in heart failure, the benefits of diuretic are no less than those of cardiac drugs, increase water The excretion of sodium can reduce blood volume, thereby reducing the burden on the heart, and indirectly play a role in strengthening the heart, which can relieve heart failure. Have male health problems? Click here for online consultation. 4 Nourishing and detoxifying: Diuresis can accelerate the discharge of toxins and garbage in the body. When the accumulation of toxins in the body is excessive, it will directly react on the face and skin, like some acne will come out. This is also the main reason why drinking water will improve beauty, because water directly drives the problem of diuresis. 5 is beneficial to some urinary disorders: for example, diabetes insipidus, which can reduce the urine output of patients with diabetes insipidus. Or prevent kidney stones, urinary tract stones, bladder stones, because the formation of stones is due to the continuous precipitation of oxalate crystals in the urine to form stones, and diuretic food can promote the body’s urine to continuously wash away, reduce the stones generate
Through 14 studies and analysis, it is believed that determining the DNA sequence of “papilloma virus” may help them diagnose HPV patients. According to the newly discovered test method-urine test method, it will provide a new option for potential HPV patients. HPV, full name “Human Papilloma Virus”, is a common virus that is infected due to excessive sexual life. Most people with HPV infection can be cured by treatment, but some extremely high-risk strains of HPV are likely to cause cervical cancer in women. Therefore, many women often do a cervical smear to determine whether they have cervical cancer. During the inspection, some necessary cells need to be taken to detect the HPV strain. However, due to the uncomfortable inspection method, many women often avoid it. Now, with a new meta-analysis method, women have another option to test HPV. The overall sensitivity of the urine test for HPV positive results was 87%, and the negative result was 94%. Compared with cervical smears, the overall sensitivity of urine tests to confirm positive high-risk HPV strains was 73%, and 98% when determining negative results. Researchers believe that because the two methods of HPV testing are very different, urine testing may be a good choice for women who do not want to participate in cervical screening frequently. From the experimental point of view, the accuracy of using urine to diagnose HPV has been high. However, it needs further confirmation before it can be used in medical equipment.
I often hear nephrologists say: “Check a urine”, here the doctor is talking about urine routine, through the urine routine, the doctor can see a lot of information about the kidney, this is because urine is the end product of metabolism eliminated by the human urinary system , Its composition and traits can reflect the body’s metabolism and the state of various organs. Therefore, carrying out routine urine examination can not only reflect the problems of the human urinary system, but also have a very important reference value for the diagnosis of other diseases. So, what kind of disease can be detected by routine urine test? What disease can be detected by routine urine test? Clinically, routine urine testing should be the most common test item other than routine blood testing. Urine routine can be judged based on the indicators of urine acidity, urine specific gravity, urine protein, occult blood, urine sediment, urine glucose, urine ketone body, urine bilirubin, urine creatinine, urine uric acid, urine amylase and other indicators Having some diseases is very important for further treatment. (1) Blood and metabolic system, urinary system diseases, etc.: such as diabetes, pancreatitis, hepatitis, hemolytic diseases, urinary system infections, stones, tuberculosis, tumors, vascular and lymphatic vessel diseases, kidney transplantation, etc. If the results of routine urine tests show hemoglobin in the urine, it means that the patient may have hemolytic uremic, microvascular hemolytic anemia, renal cortical necrosis, etc. If there is bilirubinuria in the urine test results, the patient may have hepatocellular jaundice. In addition, if the patient has a urinary system infection, the urine will also show pus cells in the urine. (2) Occupational diseases: such as acute mercury, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, chronic lead, cadmium, bismuth, and tungsten poisoning, can cause kidney damage and abnormal changes in urine. (3) Drug-induced kidney disease: certain drugs with nephrotoxicity or narrow therapeutic safety window, such as gentamicin, kanamycin, polymyxin B, sulfonamides, amphotericin B, cyclosporine Su, diuretics, contrast agents, etc., can cause kidney damage. Urine routine examination is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of adverse drug reactions. Conclusion Routine urine tests are more convenient, faster, and cheaper, and will not cause any damage to the patient’s body. However, routine urine tests are easily affected by factors such as drinking water, exercise, etc. will affect the results of routine urine, resulting in errors in routine urine test results, so you need to listen to the professional opinion of the doctor. In addition, it is worth noting that routine urine tests cannot replace renal function tests. When necessary, routine urine tests and renal function tests are necessary. (Some of the pictures in the article are from the source network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. Thank you for the picture author. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)
Urine is composed of different substances such as urine color, urinary cholin, and urinary urinary. These components are the products of body metabolism and form a certain proportion. Therefore, under normal circumstances, urine will maintain a certain concentration, so urine color is also relatively fixed. When urine color is abnormal, people can observe certain diseases from their urine, so to a certain extent, urine color is not only a healthy barometer but also a “signal flare” for diseases. First, the “rainbow” world in urine The color of urine is not static, it will change with the amount of drinking water, diet or disease. If you drink enough water, your urine will be light yellow; if you are a little dehydrated, your urine will darken. The yellow color in urine comes mostly from aging blood cells, which will be decomposed after undergoing a series of body metabolism, and finally come to the urethra as a pigmentation agent and eventually be excreted from the body. The less water in the bladder, the urine The darker the color, so the color of morning urine is generally darker. Second, let’s take a look at what problems the urine color shows. The color of normal urine can vary in depth due to different drinking, sweating and activity levels, generally from light yellow to deep amber. When the human body is metabolized abnormally or suffers from a certain disease, the color of urine will show a special change. 1. Yellow-brown urine: common in obstructive jaundice, liver cirrhosis, hepatitis A, arsenic, chloroform and other poisoning. 2. Red urine: You can see the urine in red with your eyes is called gross hematuria. Urine contains a lot of red blood cells. There are many causes of hematuria, common in urogenital inflammation, stones and tumors. Such as various types of nephritis, renal tuberculosis, acute cystitis, urethritis, stones and malignant tumors in the above parts. Systemic diseases such as leukemia, scarlet fever, and congestive heart failure often cause hematuria. 3. Hemoglobinuria: refers to the presence of free hemoglobin in the urine. Because there is no red blood cells or only a small amount of red blood cells in the urine, the urine is clear and red wine-like. Commonly seen in malaria, broad bean disease, blood transfusions of incompatibility, hemolytic anemia, paroxysmal hemoglobinuria and abdominal bleeding. 4. Dark red hematuria: seen in bilirubinuria, often hepatitis A. 5, milky urine: also known as chyluria, this is due to the inability to absorb chyme from the intestine, causing chyle reflux into the urine. There are congenital factors that cause chyluria, such as abnormal congenital lymphatic valve function; there are also secondary factors, such as common filariasis and urinary pyogenic infection. 3. Is female urine yellow a gynecological reminder? Normal urine color is usually light yellow, but I believe many friends have found that they often have yellow or yellowish brown urine, which is urine yellow. The gynecologist explained that the cause of urinary yellow in women may be related to diseases in addition to the common conditions caused by drinking too little water and taking medicine. For example: some women have urine yellow after the same room, and the urine has an unpleasant smell. This situation is sometimes caused by condoms. In most cases, this urine yellow is generally caused by diseases of the reproductive system. , Vaginitis and other inflammations are the most common. Therefore, if women find urinary yellow, it is best to be vigilant to see if they have gynecological diseases or other problems.
All inpatients must check three routines: blood routine, stool routine, and urine routine! Many people have questions: I am not uncomfortable with urine, and the color of urine is normal. Why do I have to check my urine routine? Isn’t this a strong sell? Of course not. The three major routines, although seemingly simple and cheap to check, can explain many problems to a certain extent. Let’s see what problems this little urine routine can detect today: first of all, when we leave urine samples, we should follow the requirements as far as possible: the container must be clean, women should avoid menstruation, and take mid-stage urine, preferably Fresh urine just collected. Urine bacterial culture, urine sugar, urine protein, urinary cholic acid or pregnancy tests are best for the first urine in the morning. 1. Urinary routines, which are the most concerned about urine routines We are most concerned about urine protein, urinary glucose, urinary occult blood, ketone bodies, and leukemia; we can preliminarily judge whether there are diseases such as kidney disease, diabetes, urinary system diseases, etc. 1. Urine protein: normal urine is normal without protein, that is, urine protein (-), which is normal; if urine protein (+) indicates that there may be problems, common causes: various nephritis, lupus kidney, diabetic nephropathy, Hypertensive nephropathy, purpuric kidney, renal arteriosclerosis, renal venous thrombosis, renal artery embolism and other theories are all possible proteinuria. Need to go further to find the specific cause. In addition to even the cause of the disease, it may also be expressed as urine protein (+) in cases of high fever and vigorous exercise, so it needs further review and comprehensive judgment based on the patient’s specific situation. 2. Urine sugar Under normal circumstances (-); if urine sugar (+), it may be diabetes, of course, if urine sugar (+), you must go to test blood sugar to see if there is diabetes; but even if urine sugar (-), Diabetes cannot be ruled out, it is also necessary to determine whether diabetes is present through blood glucose. 3. Urinary occult blood General condition of urine occult blood (-); Normal urine will occasionally have red blood cells, but no more than 3/microscope. If there are more red blood cells, this may be bleeding from the kidneys or urinary tract. If urine occult blood (+), there may be urinary stones, acute glomerulonephritis, rapid nephritis, chronic nephritis, urinary tract tumors, tuberculosis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, lupus nephritis, purpuric nephritis, etc. Further examination found the cause of occult blood in urine. 4. Urine ketone body Urine ketone body is normal (-); urine ketone body (+) is the most common cause of diabetic ketosis. In addition, diarrhea, hunger, vomiting, poisoning, pneumonia, sepsis, tuberculosis, etc. may appear ketone bodies. 5. There are a few white blood cells in normal urine, ≤5 per microscope. Urine contains a lot of white blood cells, which may be acute nephritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, urethral tuberculosis and so on. Females, there are many factors that affect urinary leukocytes, sometimes false positives; urinary tract infections cannot be concluded just by urinary leukocytes positive, and must be comprehensively judged. In addition to some indicators that people can understand at first, urine routine can also be detected. 2. What else can be found in urine routine? 1. The PH reference value is about 6.5. PH lowered: seen in acidosis, high fever, gout, diabetes, etc. Increased PH: seen in alkalosis, urinary retention, cystitis, etc. 2. Normal urinary gallbladder should be weakly positive if (+) seen in hemolytic jaundice, liver disease, etc. (-), seen in obstructive jaundice. 3. Urinary bilirubin is normal (-) if (+) is seen in hepatocellular jaundice caused by cholelithiasis, biliary tract tumors, biliary roundworm, pancreatic head cancer, liver cancer, cirrhosis, acute and chronic hepatitis, liver cell necrosis, etc. Three, 24-hour urine test for some diseases, sometimes need to monitor 24-hour urine: 24-hour urine protein determination: 24-hour urine protein quantification, also known as 24-hour urine protein excretion rate, is by collecting all urine for 24 hours, To determine the content of protein in it, and then calculate the total amount of protein in 24 hours, the protein content in normal urine is very small, the normal level is below 150mg/24h. When the urine protein content is> 150 mg/24h, or> 4 mg (/m2·h), the positive reaction of the protein qualitative test is called proteinuria. 24-hour catecholamine levels: catecholamines include epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine. Epinephrine, generally <.273nmol/24h urine, normal range 0～109.2nmol/24h urine; norepinephrine, generally <.590nmol/24
When we urinate, especially when men urinate, we can often observe the color of urine and whether there is foam. When the urine is found to have foam, some people will worry: Is there a kidney problem? 1. Normal urine: Normal urine is usually light yellow or colorless. When human urine is formed when blood flows through the glomeruli, uric acid, urea, water, inorganic salts and glucose in the blood pass through the glomeruli. Filtration, filtering into the renal capsule, forming the original urine. Normal urine: water: 95%, protein: 0%, glucose: 0%, urea: 1.8%, uric acid: 0.05%, inorganic salts: 1.1%. That is, normal urine has no protein or glucose. If there is protein or sugar in the urine, it means that there is disease. Urine generally does not appear to be foamy. Of course, foam that is impacted by men during urination has a short residence time. This is a normal phenomenon and does not belong to foamy urine. If the foam lasts longer, consider foaming urine. So is foam urine protein? Is it kidney disease? 2. Causes of foamy urine: 1. Foam disappears quickly, and short-term foamy urine is generally a physiologically common cause. For example, due to increased mucus secretion by the urethral bulb, the surface tension of urine increases, and more bubbles in urine may also appear. In urgency, the pressure of urination increases, and the rate of urination increases, so that the surface tension of urine increases, and bubbles can also be seen. This situation may also occur after strenuous exercise, long-distance march, and high temperature environment. If it occurs only occasionally and has a short duration, you generally do not need to worry. 2. The theory of foamy urine that may be caused by disease is that if you have long-term foamy urine, you should go to the hospital for a routine urine test, so that you can accurately determine whether it is proteinuria, and whether there are any specific problems. The most common diseases that cause foamy urine, the most common is kidney disease. After kidney disease, there will be protein in the urine, which will cause the surface tension of the urine to decrease, and more bubbles may be generated during urination. In addition to kidney disease, liver disease may also lead to increased urine bilirubin or protein content; cystitis, bladder cancer, etc. produce foamy urine; diabetic patients, increased urine sugar, urine pH changes, urine surface tension Increased, can also cause foamy urine. 3. If the urine test is routinely followed by proteinuria, what is the reason? Under normal circumstances, urine does not contain protein or only a small amount of protein, but when the kidney develops disease, the kidney’s filtration function is reduced and the protein runs into the urine. Higher urinary protein indicates poorer kidney filtration function, which is an important indicator of kidney function. All kinds of kidneys, whether it is primary or secondary kidney disease, may have proteinuria, such as: various nephritis, lupus kidney, diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, purpuric kidney, renal arteriosclerosis, renal venous thrombosis , Renal artery embolism, etc. Proteinuria may also occur in other causes such as fever, heart failure, malignant tumors, and urinary tract infections. Therefore, bubble urine is not necessarily due to protein in the urine, nor is it necessarily caused by nephropathy; but if you find a large amount of foamy urine for a long time, you must go to the hospital to find the reason to see whether it is proteinuria and whether it is the kidney Something went wrong.
Hello everyone, I am a professional nephrologist, urine test routine is now very common. Whether it is a health checkup, admission check, etc., this item is there. As the title says, how do you see the quality of urine routine? As an important test item to evaluate kidney function, if the urine routine is not serious, does it mean that the kidney is good? Today, I will explain and clarify this series of questions. How to analyze urine routine? ●To be honest, although the routine urine test is not expensive, it is only 18 yuan, but I tell you that it is a great weapon for me to diagnose patients with kidney disease. Why do I say this, because our kidneys have a major function of “generating urine “. Therefore, the urine test can also indirectly reflect the various aspects of the kidney. Although it is not 100% accurate, it can at least play a preliminary screening role. Not much to say. Let’s talk about the general urine routine. frame. ●Obtained a routine urine test list. There are more than 20 items densely packed in it. Some items are meaningless to look at individually. Some items require multiple joint evaluations, but can be summarized into three major aspects, namely appearance and dryness. Chemical analysis, formed component analysis. Various small items are interspersed under these three large frames, as follows: ① Appearance: First of all, it is the judgment of color, because normal fresh urine is generally light yellow and transparent, and there is no precipitation or turbidity. Note that the color of urine is sometimes affected by the water intake, urination, or special foods and medicines of the day. Let me give a few common colors for a preliminary analysis. If it appears red (may be hematuria caused by kidney); if it appears white (may be urinary tract infection, prostatitis, gonorrhea, etc.); if it appears brown (may be acute nephritis, acute jaundice hepatitis, etc.); if it appears blue-green (May be cholera, Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, etc.). The second is the determination of the specific gravity of urine. Here I tell you that this project is to reflect our “concentration and dilution function of kidney and renal tubules”. It is generally within the normal range. If the specific gravity is reduced, it can be seen in diseases such as diabetes insipidus, renal tubular disease, and polyuria with acute kidney injury. If the specific gravity becomes higher, it may be high fever and sweating, or Caused by dehydration, diabetes, etc. ②Formed component analysis: There are more items included here, such as epithelial cell type, red blood cell type, white blood cell type, granular tube type, wax-like tube type, etc. Different tube types imply different diseases. The second is urinary yeast, mucus filaments, white blood cells, red blood cells, etc. Generally speaking, the possibility of bacterial infection is considered when there is white blood cells. In this case, it is necessary to do a further urine culture. Rule out where the red blood cells are derived from, whether they are glomerular or non-glomerular. Due to limited space, I will not answer them one by one here. ③Dry chemical analysis: The common items included here are pH, nitrite, glucose, occult blood, urine protein, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone body, etc. Our normal healthy fresh urine generally has an acid-base range of 4.5-8. If there is an increase or decrease, it needs attention. For example, nitrite is mainly used as an auxiliary reference for urinary tract infections. If it is pure If the nitrite test is positive, it may be that the urine sample is contaminated or left for too long. However, glucose is actually unnecessary for me to say more. Normally, our urine contains no glucose or only a small amount of glucose. If our blood glucose exceeds a certain value, then urine glucose will be positive. For example, urine protein is actually an important indicator in urine routine. If urine protein is positive, no matter whether it is one or a few plus, do not underestimate. This may be caused by physiological factors, or it may be caused by pathological diseases. , Such as nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, etc. Like urinary bilirubin, we are still used for the diagnosis of “jaundice” and the differential diagnosis of “jaundice” type, so it is meaningless for me to take it out and tell everyone. It needs to be combined with liver function, liver color Doppler ultrasound and other comprehensive evaluation. ● Finally, I will summarize the urine routine. Although I have talked a lot about it, it is only a preliminary framework. Why don’t I talk to you in depth? Because I don’t think it makes sense, clinically, the disease cannot be based on the propaganda. According to the book, the disease is individualized.
A patient left a message to ask me if it was urinating high and there were a lot of water bubbles, indicating that I would feel more energetic in bed in the future? If you can ask this kind of question, it’s a single dog’s condition at first glance. Please click here for online consultation. Of course, the joke is a joke. I believe that many men who have not had sexual intercourse have had such thoughts. They think that ejaculation and urination are anyway. Tinting should be used in a mouthful. The more powerful the urine, the stronger the combat effectiveness on the bed. In fact, there is a certain misunderstanding in this idea. The two are not directly related. The main factor that determines the strength of urination is the bladder force. The urinary muscles and urinary tract patency, the former determines the power of urine excretion, the latter reflects the resistance encountered during urination, such as a patient with congenital testicular atrophy, drinking a large bottle of water in one breath, can still urinate effectively, but the testis It is no longer possible to supply sperm. Can he be said to have strong fertility? Others believe that loud pee, water splash, and bubbles indicate good kidney and what it means. The majority of male friends understand the relevant conditions and need consultation. Please click here. In fact, many males are affected by an advertisement. All fall into a misunderstanding, that the kidney function is the kidney, but the kidney that focuses on the direction of Chinese medicine is a broad concept. It is a comprehensive statement that includes the kidney, urinary system, and sexual function. The kidney is just an organ of the human body. The main role is Filtering, forming urine, and discharging metabolic waste is not what many men think is “the kidney is good, she is just fine.” In addition, the splashing of water can only show that the urination is too fast and too fast, and there are more bubbles after the urine. Pay attention to it. If it is a physiological problem caused by too little drinking water and excessive holding back urine, you need to drink more water and urinate to avoid the accumulation of toxins in the urine; for pathological urine foam does not disperse for a long time, you need to go to a specialist hospital for examination Reasons: 1 certain urinary system diseases such as cystitis, bladder cancer or other urinary system infections, the composition of the urine changes, which can also lead to increased foam in the urine 2 urinary bileogen and protein content in the urine during liver and kidney diseases Increased, resulting in increased urine tension, which leads to a large number of bubbles related to the disease need to be consulted, please click here 3 History of diabetes in urine increased blood glucose and urine ketone content, which leads to increased urine tension, which leads to increased urine foam&4b. When the content of aerobacterium is increased, it can also lead to increased foam in the urine. This can be seen from the observation of urine. Although the male bed combat strength cannot be seen, it can reflect the health of the male body to a certain extent, so it should be more Observe, draw attention, and go to a specialist hospital in time