What is the cause of adolescent children suffering from vitiligo?

  The incidence of vitiligo does not have a specific population, regardless of age or gender. The elderly will suffer from vitiligo, and adolescent children may also suffer from vitiligo. However, these people have more or less long-term endocrine disorders and immune problems. As the number of people with vitiligo continues to increase, more and more people begin to pay attention to vitiligo. So, what is the reason why adolescent children have vitiligo?    First, trauma causes children in adolescence to be active and active, for example, they like to fight Playing basketball or playing football, etc., is more likely to cause trauma than people of other ages. If the wound is not treated in time, leaving scars, it is easy to cause vitiligo after the wound is infected. 2. Children who are exposed to the sun for a long time in adolescence will not get sunscreen. If they are not careful, they will be easily exposed to the sun, and the skin will be stimulated by strong ultraviolet rays for a long time, which will make the melanocytes hyperfunction, causing melanocytes to cause excessive skin white spots Problem, therefore, if patients with vitiligo want to prevent the occurrence of vitiligo, they must avoid long-term exposure. 3. Children with unreasonable diets in adolescence, because the body is in the stage of growth and development, they must ingest enough nutrients every day to make melanocytes normally synthesize the necessary nutrients and trace elements in the body, but some children always It’s upside down, and snacks are often regarded as staple food, so the constitution is too poor, the immunity is too low, increasing the chance of vitiligo.  If you suffer from vitiligo during puberty and the leukoplakia appears on the skin exposed area, it will be very harmful to the patient, not only affecting the appearance of the patient, but also affecting the academic and mental health of the patient. Therefore, after finding white spots on the skin, you must go to a regular hospital for treatment as soon as possible to restore skin health as soon as possible.

How to prevent adolescent vitiligo

The incidence of vitiligo is relatively high in recent years, and most of these patients are adolescent children. Although adolescence is a stage that everyone likes, but children in adolescence should also pay attention to master The method of preventing vitiligo, pay attention to develop good living habits, pay attention to a reasonable diet, pay attention to avoid staying up for a long time, properly carry out appropriate sports, maintain a good attitude, so that the disease of vitiligo can be avoided, to avoid giving Your body or normal learning and life agents have a great influence. However, how to prevent adolescent vitiligo? 1. Children in adolescence should pay attention to their habits in life, especially their diet, pay attention to avoid picky eating or partial eating, develop a habit of not picky eating, pay attention to themselves The rationality of the nutritional structure. Adolescents in adolescence are in the stage of physical development. If they lack some nutrients, it is easy to lead to their short stature, and there may be some malnutrition and other conditions, but these conditions are very detrimental to their bodies. If the intake of nutrition is not balanced for a long time, it is easy to cause the disorder of the peltier, and the body’s functions continue to decline, resulting in the emergence of the disease vitiligo. 2. Adolescence is a very strong stage of the body and a stage of physical development, so when adolescents suffer from the disease of vitiligo, it is possible to carry out some appropriate physical exercise, which can not only improve their own immunity and resistance Disease ability, and, for the treatment effect of vitiligo can also achieve very good results. Therefore, friends of patients with vitiligo should pay more attention in their lives, take appropriate physical exercises, and also pay attention to avoid staying up late for a long time, and pay attention to taking a good rest. 3. Adolescent children are in a period of intense learning, and many children are facing academic pressure, but such a long time will only make their mood very tense, once they have not adjusted their emotions in time, Negative emotions such as long-term depression and anxiety can easily affect your body, endocrine disorders, and declining immunity continue to occur, which induces vitiligo, which has a great impact on your body. Pay more attention to the life of adolescents. To understand the disease of vitiligo, parents and friends also need to pay more attention in their lives to avoid some malnutrition or bad habits of children, and let children change these bad habits. And pay attention to take your children to the hospital for treatment in time, and pay attention to eating spicy bars and other spicy foods in life. Lemons, strawberries, kiwis, oranges, tomatoes and carrots, fruits and vegetables with too much vitamin C are better .

Finding these symptoms in time can prevent polycystic ovaries

  Hello everyone, today I will tell you about some of the typical symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome. I hope everyone can be alert and do not be afraid to actively face polycystic ovary syndrome.  It is the dream of every woman to have smooth and delicate skin, but some women have too much hair. They are obviously a beautiful girl, but they have become a “man” under the background of hair. Some women in adolescence or childbearing period find that they have increased hair, and they will immediately resort to an epilator. Many women think that “hairiness” only affects their personal image, but they don’t care too much. In fact, “hairiness” is probably the “signal” sent by the polycystic ovary. After the girl enters puberty, due to the massive secretion of sex hormones, the body will also have a series of changes such as breast development, body fat, long pubic hair, acne, menstrual cramps, etc. These physiological changes in puberty and polycystic ovary syndrome The clinical symptoms are very similar, and it is easy to cover up the condition. Many women wait to see the doctor after irregular menstruation. This will make the condition worse, and it will also cause amenorrhea and even infertility.  Polycystic ovary syndrome is more common in adolescents and women of childbearing age. It is an endocrine and metabolic disorder. This disease has the following typical symptoms:    ① Patients with hairy polycystic ovary will have endocrine disorders, excessive secretion of male hormones in the body, which can lead to increased sweating, especially in the arms, abdominal midline, vulva, anus, and calves Sweat is dense and thick, showing a masculine tendency.  ②Obese waist obesity  Over 60% of patients with polycystic ovary are accompanied by weight gain. Although they do not eat much, their weight continues to soar. This is due to the high male hormones in the patient’s body, which causes fat to selectively accumulate in the waist and abdomen.   ③ Menstrual disorders    Clinically, only a small number of patients show regular ovulation and normal menstruation. Most patients lose their regular menstruation. Some patients have prolonged menstrual cycles and some have prolonged menstrual periods. Usually, polycystic ovarian patients often have irregular menstruation during puberty, but due to the instability of puberty menstruation itself, the girl’s lack of understanding of physiological knowledge can easily lead to the delay of the disease and the development of amenorrhea after childbearing age.  ④Infertility  Polycystic ovaries are usually accompanied by ovulation disorders, so the probability of pregnancy is much lower than that of normal women. Once pregnant, it is easy to cause spontaneous abortion due to factors such as high androgen, high gonadotropin, high insulin level and abnormal endometrial receptivity. ⑤ Acne polycystic ovary will cause increased androgen secretion in the body, will stimulate sebaceous gland cyst hyperplasia and hypertrophy, which will cause more acne on the face, neck, chest and back. .  ⑥Black acanthosis   Symmetrical gray-brown, velvet-like, flaky, hyperkeratotic lesions appear in the skin folds of the neck and back, underarms, under breasts, vulva and groin, and the skin pigments deepen. ⑦ Both sides of the ovaries are enlarged. The ovaries are enlarged and have a sense of tenacity. It is generally difficult to confirm by palpation. Most need to use laparoscopic and B-ultrasound methods. There is a hard feeling on touch.   Women must understand the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, especially adolescent girls should pay attention to irregular menstruation, hirsutism, etc. Once they find that they have the above symptoms, they should seek medical treatment in time to avoid delays.

Packing on the back and head, especially the large pustule on the head, how to solve the symptoms that occur repeatedly and itching?

#诊间故事#&nbsp. Patient Information: Male&nbsp. 39 years old&nbsp. Inner Mongolia Xilinguole League. Disease name: Pack from back and head. The consultation time: 2020-06-06. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.@爱问医生的dermatology&nbsp.&nbsp. Packing on the back and head, especially the large pustules on the head, repeated occurrences are accompanied by repeated occurrences Itching symptoms. 39 years old, still happening. This situation is relatively rare and is related to the individual’s congenital physique, especially the strong sebaceous glands and the high sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.@微博健康医疗&nbsp. If it is small, we call folliculitis, like this large one on the scalp, we call it cyst. And pubertal development endocrine disorders. Androgen secretion is strong, sebaceous glands are developed, etc. At the same time, there are secondary infections of various bacteria. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.@爱问医生科普&nbsp. In this case, oral antibiotics, such as minocycline and Chinese medicines such as Xinhuang tablets, can be treated for about three months. If the curative effect is poor, you can consider isotretinoin capsules for oral administration. When necessary, the cyst needs to be opened and drained. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. A lot of people think that after 20 years old, 30 years old, they will no longer grow after puberty. This person is 39 years old and still growing. Explain that puberty is only one aspect, there are other aspects. Therefore, acne should be discovered and treated early to prevent scars and imprints. #名医服务月##夏健康指南##健康中国2030#

What causes adolescent acne?

& nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that occurs in the sebaceous glands of the hair follicles and is called puberty acne from the onset of puberty. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. There are many factors that affect adolescent acne, including hormone secretion, diet, lifestyle habits, psychology and many other factors. & nbsp.1. Endocrinology: Increased androgen secretion will lead to increased sebum secretion, and increased content of free fatty acids in sebum will lead to excessive keratinization of the hair follicle infundibulum and sebaceous ducts, which in turn restricts sebum secretion and induces acne. 2. Heredity: The individual’s sebum secretion has a genetic tendency, and the sebum secretion is closely related to acne. 3. Diet: high-fat, high-sugar, high-protein diet, like Western-style diet, fast food, etc. 3.1 High-sugar diet: High-sugar diet mainly causes acne through insulin resistance and promotes sebum production. 3.2 Milk and milk products: Milk and milk products can cause acne. Some studies believe that iodine intake will aggravate acne. In order to supplement the animal’s diet, iodine solution is used in milking equipment. Iodine in milk may cause acne. 3.3 High-fat diet: Increased plasma cholesterol levels lead to increased androgen secretion, and the production of androgens is one of the main causes of acne. High-fat diet leads to acne through this mechanism. 4. Sleep quality: stay up late and sleep irregularly, resulting in poor sleep quality. Sleep can promote the protection and repair function of the skin. Some studies have shown that poor sleep quality may damage the integrity of the skin, which may be related to skin aging and exogenous reaction stress. Although increasing sebum secretion is one of the main pathogenic factors that promote acne vulgaris, it also has a certain protective effect on the body. 5. Stress and Psychology: Stress is often a burst of stress responses from the brain to various stimuli, resulting in a vicious circle. Smoking: Nicotine in tobacco may induce acne pathophysiological processes. 6. Cosmetics: Inappropriate cosmetics such as oily skin use of oily cosmetics, inferior oily or powdery cosmetics may cause acne. 7. Environment: Exposure to air pollutants such as ultraviolet rays, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, oxides, particulate matter, ozone will induce oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation cascade, stimulate keratinocytes and melanocytes to release inflammation The medium causes an inflammatory reaction of the skin, and the skin quality deteriorates and the oil secretion increases. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. Adolescent acne is relatively common, and changes will occur with age. You should maintain a good attitude and try to avoid adverse factors, acne It will gradually get better.

What are the signs of premature ovarian failure? Changes in diagnostic criteria for premature ovarian failure

Ovary is a female gonad, the main function is to produce eggs and excrete and secrete female hormones, called ovarian reproductive function and endocrine function, respectively. The reproductive function is easy to understand, that is, the egg is produced, so that the sperm and egg are combined, and the birth of new life is born. The role of endocrine function should not be underestimated. The ovaries mainly secrete steroid hormones: estrogen, progesterone and a small amount of androgens, but also secrete peptide hormones, cytokines and growth factors. Estrogen can maintain important secondary sexual characteristics of women, and progesterone can synergistically maintain the menstrual cycle and provide the initial impetus for embryonic development. Not only that, but also often overlooked by hormones involved in the body’s metabolism, they maintain and promote bone absorption and metabolism, cholesterol circulation and so on. It can be said that the ovary is the first lifeline of women. The graceful curves and elegant charm of women are maintained by the ovaries. What are the signs of premature ovarian failure? Aroused attention and let the majority of medical workers and the public understand that the decline in ovarian function affects not only fertility, but more severe is the lasting and widespread systemic effects. Comparing the above ovarian function, we can imagine the changes of the body after premature ovarian failure. First is the disorder of the menstrual cycle, which can be manifested as oligomenorrhea, irregular vaginal bleeding, endless menstrual bleeding, increased menstrual flow and prolonged menstrual period. The second is the disorder of hormone secretion, that is, the syndrome of hypoestrogen, which manifests as hot flashes, night sweats, sexual life disorders, and even depression, anxiety and other mental disorders. More important is the change in metabolism, which may occur osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and dementia. Changes in the diagnostic criteria for premature ovarian failure The original diagnostic name and criteria were premature ovarian failure: secondary amenorrhea, high gonadotropin levels, FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) & gt. 40U / L, with reduced estrogen. Current diagnosis name and standard: Early-onset ovarian insufficiency: secondary amenorrhea (& gt. 4 months), two FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) separated by one month & gt. 25U / L, with high gonadotropin levels, female Hormones are reduced. The change in the name and standard of this disease greatly reflects the progress of medical humanistic care and diagnosis. From the name change, “aging” means “aging”, which implicitly puts on the aging hat for women, which increases the physical and psychological burden of women. In terms of changes in diagnostic standards, the reduction of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) standards can detect women with early ovarian dysfunction, achieve early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment, make long-term planning in advance, and improve quality of life. In view of the large age range of premature ovarian failure, for different groups of people, doctors should rationally formulate individualized plans according to the patient’s treatment wishes. 1. Adolescent ovarian insufficiency When POI occurs before puberty, such as childhood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or patients with a history of radiation and chemotherapy, there is no endogenous estrogen production in the body, which will lead to developmental delay and the development of second sex bad. Therefore, it is very important to induce puberty through estrogen supplement therapy. From the beginning of puberty to adulthood, continuous treatment is necessary to facilitate puberty development. 2. The ovary insufficiency of women of childbearing age who have fertility requirements The natural pregnancy rate of patients with premature ovarian failure is very low, generally around 5% ~ 10%. There is currently no accepted direct evidence confirming the use of own eggs to enable POI patients to achieve pregnancy, and most patients still need assisted reproductive technology to assist pregnancy. Generally, some medications, adjustments to ovulation induction programs, and traditional Chinese medicine treatments can be taken to try to improve ovarian function. 3. Patients with ovarian insufficiency without fertility requirements reasonably supplement estrogen, reduce the incidence of osteoporosis and thrombosis, and improve women’s quality of life. Estrogen supplementation should be vigilant, and it is necessary to prevent the occurrence of endometrial cancer. Relevant research shows that appropriate supplementation of estrogen combined with progesterone can reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia. In addition, women should avoid some bad habits and lifestyles in daily life, take good contraceptive measures to reduce the harm of ovaries to abortion, and doctors should also avoid unnecessary iatrogenic damage during the diagnosis and treatment process, and prevent them from happening together. .

How to correctly treat spermatorrhea and spermatorrhea?

Spermatorrhea refers to an ejaculation phenomenon that occurs frequently in men without intercourse. Nocturnal emission is divided into dream emission and slippery essence. In addition, there are dreams and nocturnal sperm, called dreams; those who have no dreams or consciousness automatically slide out of the semen, called slippery. Traditional Chinese medicine also has the names of infertility, self-advancement, sperm leakage, sperm discharge, sperm leakage, dream discharge, dream loss, dream slip, dream discharge and other names. Spermatorrhea has physiological and pathological points. Generally normal unmarried adult males or separated persons after marriage, the average spermatorrhea is 1-2 times per month, and is not accompanied by other discomfort. It is a normal physiological phenomenon. According to statistics, more than 80% of unmarried men after puberty or long-term separated people have spermatorrhea, the so-called “fine overflow.” Due to the rapid development of male physiology and psychology after puberty, especially the significant changes in the sexual reproductive system, the volume of the testes increases, and the level of androgens in the body increases significantly. Under the action of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, paraurethral glands and other tissues and organs, Continuous production of semen, when it accumulates to a certain amount and is in a saturated state, it must be excreted to the outside body through nocturnal emission. This is a normal physiological phenomenon and is not harmful to health. As “Jingyue Quanshu · Spermatorrhea” said: “There are strong men and women who have a long life and want to lose their lives, and those who are full of overflow.” They also said: “If the overflow is full, then the one who goes will go, the one who is born. Spontaneous, natural, and inadequate. “If an adult man has frequent spermatorrhea, more than 2 times a week, or ejaculation occurs when he is awake and has sexual consciousness, accompanied by dizziness, tinnitus, and fatigue , Backache, insomnia and other symptoms are pathological spermatorrhea. Pathological spermatorrhea can be seen in Western neurosis, prostatitis, penile foreskin, seminal vesiculitis and certain chronic diseases. If pathological spermatorrhea occurs, the cause should be found and treated in time. There are three main reasons for pathological spermatorrhea: first, lack of correct sexual understanding, and excessive nervousness. After male puberty, the body has strong testosterone secretion, rapid development of sexual organs, and is extremely sensitive to sexual stimulation. Sexual behavior ideas often appear in the brain. Thoughts are often too concentrated on sexual issues, so that there is always a focus of excitement in the cerebral cortex, which is easy to be at any time. Induce nocturnal emission. Due to lack of sexual knowledge, once the spermatorrhea appears, the mental stress is excessive, resulting in increased spermatorrhea. Secondly, it can be caused by diseases of the external genitalia or lower urinary tract. For example, the stimulating effect of phimosis and foreskin is too long, and it frequently stirs the external genitalia; prostatitis, urethritis, and seminal vesiculitis cause inflammation and bladder filling. In addition, when suffering from prostate disease, due to the frequent hyperemia of the prostate, the ejaculation center of the spine is pathologically excited, often causing spermatorrhea. Finally, after strenuous physical and mental work, the body is sleepy and weak, sleep is deep, the activity of the subcortical center is strengthened, and it is also easy to induce spermatorrhea.

The hazards of various thoracic deformities in adolescence

[Summary] Adolescence is a very special period of human beings, an important stage of transition from children to adults. During this process, people’s physiology and psychology will undergo great changes. If there are various types of thoracic deformities, there will be significant changes at this stage, which will have a huge impact on people. If the deformity is confirmed, it must be treated as soon as possible. & nbsp. Puberty is a very special period of human beings, an important stage of transition from children to adults. During this process, people’s physiology and psychology will undergo great changes. If there are various types of thoracic deformities, there will be significant changes at this stage, which will have a huge impact on people. & nbsp. The most obvious sign of adolescence is the change in body structure, the height of the person will become taller, the bones will become thicker, and the body will quickly approach the adult. In the process of changing the structure of the human body, the structure and shape of the deformity will also change accordingly. In the past, deformities with less severe deformities will be exacerbated, and severe deformities in the past will be more severe. After the deformity becomes worse, it will bring about various physiological problems, and eventually different symptoms will appear, which will adversely affect the patient. & nbsp. Another important change in puberty is psychological. Early childhood patients may not care about the appearance of the deformity, and with the advent of puberty, the chest deformity will become the heart disease of the patient, and the patient will feel inferior, autistic, or even self-harming. Psychological problems often become the most important hazards of deformity, and even exceed physiological hazards. This is a hazard that requires special attention. & nbsp. Adolescents with deformities are very painful and have to endure physical and psychological torture. In order to avoid such pain, it is best to complete the treatment before puberty. For adolescent patients, as long as conditions permit, treatment should be completed as soon as possible. & nbsp. Thoracic deformity is a disease. Since it is a disease, it should be treated as soon as possible after diagnosis. In clinical practice, we will find that many parents do not support the treatment of patients. This is a very confusing practice, which will not only aggravate the suffering of the patient, but may also cause irreparable consequences. & nbsp. (Wang Wenlin, Director of Chest Wall Surgery, Second People ’s Hospital of Guangdong Province, WeChat: wangwenlinzhuren. Public number “Expert of Thoracic Surgery”: wangwenlinyishi)

Varicose veins, men should pay attention to these three related factors

Many people do not understand what varicocele is, but it is closely related to male infertility. In simple terms, varicocele means that in the male vagina & amp; sac, the veins are abnormally dilated, elongated, or tortuous, resulting in pain and discomfort, which leads to a decrease in the function of the male testicles & amp. Pills, which eventually causes men Infertility. So, what are the main factors that cause varicocele? & nbsp.1. & nbsp. Adolescent physiological factors: Some men have this problem, which is entirely due to physiological factors. These are because some men are more active in X life during adolescence, and the vagina & amp. Increased pressure leads to the formation of varicocele. The changes that occurred during this period, because men are still in adolescence, are young and do not need to consider fertility issues, so they will not be discovered, but with the increase of age, this varicocele will gradually relieve and improve or even disappear. & nbsp. (Male health problems, click here to consult) 2. & nbsp. Lifestyle habits factors: Many habits in life will affect the status of men, such as tight pants, tight underwear, long sitting or standing for a long time, will produce This situation. These habits seem to be normal, but in fact, these behaviors will cause the temperature of the male vagina & amp; sac part to increase, oppress the function of the reproductive organs, and are extremely prone to varicocele. Other inflammations, if left untreated, can also exacerbate varicocele. & nbsp. (Male health issues, click here to consult) 3. & nbsp. Medication factors: Medication is an important factor that causes male varicocele. Antibacterial, antihypertensive, and gastric ulcer medications have certain chances to cause Varicose veins, so men need to pay attention to whether they have a useful medical history, so that they can adjust according to the situation.