What are the causes and treatment of white spot disease?

The appearance of white spots on the body is most likely caused by vitiligo. Vitiligo is also known as white spot disease. When the patient finds the condition of white spots, it must not be ignored. You should go to a regular professional treatment immediately White spot disease is checked in the hospital. Generally, white spot disease can be diagnosed as long as the skin trace element test, blood test method and the irradiation of the wood lamp are used to diagnose the white spot disease. Then the doctor will formulate a treatment plan according to the patient’s own situation. The patient should cooperate with the treatment. Rapid white spot disease can still be alleviated. Otherwise, it will take a long time, the treatment difficulty of leukoplakia and the area of ​​leukoplakia will become larger and larger, not only the remission rate is reduced but also it is easy to relapse after treatment. White spot disease is a very common skin disease in life. The main reason for its formation is caused by dysfunction or loss of melanocytes. In addition, skin trauma or long-term exposure to sunlight can also cause the loss of melanocyte function painting and cause the appearance of skin white spots. There are also some patients who are exposed to items that are irritating to the skin, such as some chemicals, which hinder the maturation of melanocytes and can also lead to the appearance of white spots. From this, everyone can know how complicated the causes of skin white spots appear, so it is more difficult to treat. The main point of treatment of white spot disease is to start from the induced cause and carry out targeted treatment of white spot disease. Patients with leukoplakia mainly rely on the treatment of topical drugs. Local application of drugs stimulates the maturation of skin melanocytes, prompting the appearance of new melanocytes and gradually shrinking leukoplakia. For patients with stubborn leukoplakia, physical therapy or surgical transplantation of melanocytes can also be used to achieve the therapeutic effect. In addition to receiving professional treatment, the daily care work also has a direct impact on the remission and care of white spot disease, so patients also need to pay more attention to these aspects on weekdays. The patient’s usual unhealthy eating habits, or the patient’s endocrine disorders, mental stress and other reasons can also cause the appearance of skin white spots. Therefore, patients with leukoplakia should also pay more attention to eating a healthy diet during the treatment period. Usually, they should focus on light and easily digestible foods. Do not eat foods that are easy to cause the spread of leukoplakia, and they should not eat raw cold hair. Hard and spicy irritating food, adjust personal life schedule, can not be overworked, as long as these are done, they can help patients with white spot disease to relieve white spot disease more quickly.

Things you don’t know about blood tests and microcirculation

   Vitiligo is a common multiple depigmentation disease, which is characterized by local or generalized depigmentation to form white spots, which is medically called melanin synthesis disorder. Therefore, vitiligo is not a blood disease, but a skin disease.  *A white patient can’t help asking questions:   Since vitiligo is not a blood disease, why do blood tests?   Because the characteristics of vitiligo are: the symptoms are on the table, including the cause. Therefore, to completely get rid of the white spot trouble, not only need to treat the white spot lesion, but also adjust the internal environment of the body. Common causes are: susceptible genetic problems, immune system problems, microcirculation disorders, abnormal tyrosinase activity, damaged peripheral nerves, etc., if you want to determine which is the cause of white spots, you need to pass a professional inspection To be sure, the blood test is an important part of it.  Blood test is to better treat the disease and provide the necessary basis for the subsequent symptomatic treatment of vitiligo, which can improve the cure rate and benefit the recovery of white patients!  At the same time, many white and white patients are accompanied by anemia, leukocytes and thrombocytopenia. From the blood, they can effectively find abnormalities or potential problems in the white and white patients!   Just now we said that blood tests are part of professional etiological examinations. Are there any other tests? Yes, it is microcirculation obstacle detection!  *White patients are more puzzled   What is microcirculation testing? What does    have to do with vitiligo?   (microcirculation detection)    microcirculation refers to the blood circulation between arterioles and venules. It is an important system for the exchange of substances between blood and tissues to supply blood to important organs of the human body, and each organ and every tissue cell of the human body must be provided with oxygen, nutrients, transfer energy, and exchange information by microcirculation to eliminate carbon dioxide and Metabolic waste. Therefore, if an obstacle occurs in the microcirculation, it will directly affect the physiological function of each organ.  Microcirculation is closely related to vitiligo:   1. Microcirculation obstacles will block melanin production and nutrient delivery.   The basic function of microcirculation is to transport oxygen and nutrients to tissues, taking away the products of metabolism. Therefore, once this cycle is disrupted, nutrients cannot be delivered to all parts of the skin, and melanocytes cannot be produced normally. In the long run, melanin will be lost, causing local skin discoloration and whitening, and vitiligo. 2. The microcirculation disorder will block the delivery of trace elements. Determination of trace elements in patients with vitiligo will find that most patients lack trace elements in the local leukoplakia. On the same area of ​​skin, the number of capillaries in the site of vitiligo is much higher than that of normal skin. Fewer parts. This means that once a problem occurs in a certain part of the human microcirculation system, the trace elements required in that part cannot be transported normally. The lack of copper and zinc ions for the synthesis of melanocytes will naturally cause white spots to appear on the skin. 3. The microcirculation disorder will affect the absorption of drugs. Microcirculation is an important system for human metabolism. Only its normal circulation can exclude metabolic wastes of the body, absorb nutrients, oxygen and drugs. Vitiligo treatment can play a better effect and achieve leukoplakia as soon as possible. Polychromatic.   Vitiligo is not only as simple as the appearance of white spots on the epidermis, it is a comprehensive disease related to the “internal environment” such as organs, blood, and immunity. Therefore, in order to successfully regain leukoplakia, blood tests and microcirculation are essential.

The disease is in the epidermis, and the source is inside. Vitiligo can not ignore the adjustment of the body

Although vitiligo is a skin disease, it is caused by the epidermis. Some physical problems manifest themselves through the skin. When vitiligo appears, what problems have occurred inside the body? 1. Abnormal liver and kidney function When the liver and kidney are damaged, it will cause the blood circulation of the human body to be blocked, the skin can not be nourished in time, and the production of melanocytes is blocked; coupled with the abnormal liver function, the body is prone to fatigue, loss of appetite, and endocrine disorders. The body will be relatively weak and resistance will decline. These conditions can easily induce vitiligo or lead to aggravation of the vitiligo, and the liver, as the body storing blood and digestive organs, once damaged, nutrients cannot be fully absorbed, affecting the patient’s absorption of drugs. 2. Endocrine disorders When endocrine disorders occur, many hormones related to melanin synthesis in the human body will be secreted abnormally, such as glucocorticoids, epinephrine, thyroxine, etc.; the dynamic balance in the process of human melanocytes will be destroyed, it is easy Cause melanin metabolism disorder, which leads to the occurrence of vitiligo.   3. Microcirculation obstacles    The basic function of microcirculation is to transport oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and take away metabolites. Clinical testing found that the vast majority of patients with vitiligo lack trace elements, and on the same area of ​​skin, the number of capillaries in the leukoplakia area is far less than that in normal skin areas. Nutrients cannot be transported to various parts of the skin of patients with vitiligo, melanocytes cannot be produced normally, and the body’s metabolism has problems. Over time, it will lead to the loss of melanin and vitiligo. 4. Immunity disorders Immunity is the body’s own defense mechanism. It is the body’s ability to recognize and eliminate foreign invading substances (viruses, bacteria, etc.), deal with aging, injury, death, degeneration of its own cells, and recognize and process mutant cells and virus-infected cells in the body. of.  Human immunity disorders can be divided into two situations:    First, the immune system is hyperactive, which causes the body to destroy normal cells while resisting and clearing the mutant cells. The test found that anti-melanocyte antibodies are present in the serum of most patients with vitiligo, resulting in the destruction of melanocytes.  Secondly, the weakened immunity leads to a decrease in the body’s ability to resist disease. Viruses, bacteria, etc. will take advantage of it and affect the health of patients with vitiligo.   Fifth, nerve dysfunction    The human central nervous system controls all activities inside and outside the human body. When there is a problem with the human nerve function, some physiological activities of the human body will be greatly affected. Regarding patients with vitiligo, the performance is as follows: First, when the patient suffers from a major change or a severe emotional change, etc., the patient’s leukoplakia condition will be affected. This is because the production of melanin is formed under the regulation of neurohumoral fluid, so when affected by stressful mental factors such as trauma, overuse of the brain, and nervous thoughts, the patient’s condition will change.   The second is that vitiligo is distributed in bands or strips along the nerve segments or dermis, and it is accompanied by local dullness. This situation has a great relationship with local nerve damage.   Therefore, the treatment of vitiligo should be adjusted from the inside out, and the daily routine and diet should also be paid attention to. Treatment and care must keep up.

Some spots need to be alert

These spots have colored spots, and the following precautions are required. 1. Spot spots or map spots on the hairline: gynecological inflammation, endocrine disorders, and pigmentation caused by solar dermatitis.   2. Spots on the forehead: there are gynecological diseases, abnormal secretion of sex hormones, thyroid hormones, and adrenal sebaceous hormones.   3. The spots on the tail of the temple: Weak thyroid, frequent abortions, and poor mental state of uterine diseases.   4. Speckles on the eyelids: renal insufficiency, abnormal hormonal secretion in women, the frequency of miscarriage in pregnancy is too much stimulation, and there are psychological disorders.   5. Spots around the eyes or under the bags under the eyes: It does not fade when pressed, and it is mostly deep spots. Generally, there are more people who have uterine diseases and have miscarriage experience.   6. Massive spots on cheekbones: liver deficiency, constipation, long-term depression, sunburn, lack of sleep, etc.   7. Spots on cheeks: mostly people with weak spleen and stomach. Regardless of the cause of speckle formation, it is roughly as follows #健康真真馆#1, genetic cause    autosomal inheritance is the main cause of freckles. It usually starts with children around 5 years old, mostly women, heavy in spring and summer, and light in autumn and winter. Light brown to yellow brown needle tips to rice grain size spots, symmetrically distributed on the face (especially the nose).   2. Ultraviolet radiation  Ultraviolet radiation in sunlight is an important reason for the formation of stains, which is why sun protection is needed in summer. When the skin is exposed to too much sunlight, the epidermis produces more melanin particles, which can absorb ultraviolet rays and protect the body from harm. Moreover, ultraviolet radiation can cause chloasma and common freckles to darken.   3. Endocrine causes    Changes in the level of sex hormones in menstruation and pregnancy can affect the production of melanin. In addition, endocrine instability usually causes emotional instability, which can also indirectly cause the formation of stains.  4. Living habits issues  Stress, partial eclipse, lack of sleep and other bad habits will also increase melanin. Therefore, people with unstable sleep time have poor skin metabolic rate, which will affect the production of melanin particles.

Choose the right diet, vitiligo will be better soon

Diet has a good auxiliary effect for the treatment of vitiligo. Good eating habits play a very important role in the recovery of the disease. Although vitiligo cannot be restored only by diet, the correct diet can indeed promote the production of melanin and help The condition was recovered as soon as possible. 1. Fruits that should be eaten by vitiligo: grapes, mulberries, and plums are rich in minerals and rich in plant melanin. Long-term consumption can supplement the amino acids and vitamins and trace elements needed by the human body. It is also helpful for the synthesis of melanin. Despite its high sugar content, raisins are also of great benefit to the human body. Regular consumption of grape mulberries can also improve the patient’s immunity and accelerate the synthesis of melanin. Many medicines for treating vitiligo have extracts of ebony. The biggest advantage of ebony is to contain SOD, which is also one of the current research directions for the treatment of vitiligo. SOD can help the body to clear free radicals. SOD has many functions and is a natural antioxidant. It also has guiding significance for the treatment of vitiligo. 2. Vitiligo should eat more vegetables: eggplant, black fungus, winter bamboo shoots, vegetables, kelp, etc. are more suitable for patients with vitiligo. These vegetables contain a lot of minerals and vitamins, which can be more comprehensively ingested for nutrition, thus Achieve a balanced state of human nutrition, so you should also eat vegetables in moderation, vegetables are also essential food for the human body. 3. Vitiligo can eat more dairy products: soy milk, milk, cheese, etc. Soy milk can be black beans, soybeans, mung beans, peanuts, etc., milk can also drink yogurt pure milk. Although it contains a small amount of vitamin C, but a small amount of intake has no great effect on vitiligo. And drinking soy products and dairy products for a long time is very good for the body, which can effectively improve the body’s immunity and enhance physical fitness. 4. Vitiligo can eat meat properly: beef, pork, etc., animal liver is also very good. Eggs can be ingested in an appropriate amount to maintain daily nutritional balance. Ingested in an appropriate amount, they can supplement various trace elements required by the human body, and the patient’s body also needs a large amount of elements such as copper and zinc. Medium intake is safer and more easily absorbed by the body. Large amounts of intake can stimulate the body’s tyrosinase activity and make the body’s melanin synthesis faster. 5. Seafood that can be eaten by vitiligo: Some seafood is not suitable for patients with vitiligo, but seafood like shellfish, such as snails, scallops, clams, nails, etc. The trace elements of this type of seafood are very high, which is several times that of other foods. More than that, it also has great benefits for the body of patients with vitiligo. Note that if there are allergies, do not eat them.

What is the cause of adolescent children suffering from vitiligo?

  The incidence of vitiligo does not have a specific population, regardless of age or gender. The elderly will suffer from vitiligo, and adolescent children may also suffer from vitiligo. However, these people have more or less long-term endocrine disorders and immune problems. As the number of people with vitiligo continues to increase, more and more people begin to pay attention to vitiligo. So, what is the reason why adolescent children have vitiligo?    First, trauma causes children in adolescence to be active and active, for example, they like to fight Playing basketball or playing football, etc., is more likely to cause trauma than people of other ages. If the wound is not treated in time, leaving scars, it is easy to cause vitiligo after the wound is infected. 2. Children who are exposed to the sun for a long time in adolescence will not get sunscreen. If they are not careful, they will be easily exposed to the sun, and the skin will be stimulated by strong ultraviolet rays for a long time, which will make the melanocytes hyperfunction, causing melanocytes to cause excessive skin white spots Problem, therefore, if patients with vitiligo want to prevent the occurrence of vitiligo, they must avoid long-term exposure. 3. Children with unreasonable diets in adolescence, because the body is in the stage of growth and development, they must ingest enough nutrients every day to make melanocytes normally synthesize the necessary nutrients and trace elements in the body, but some children always It’s upside down, and snacks are often regarded as staple food, so the constitution is too poor, the immunity is too low, increasing the chance of vitiligo.  If you suffer from vitiligo during puberty and the leukoplakia appears on the skin exposed area, it will be very harmful to the patient, not only affecting the appearance of the patient, but also affecting the academic and mental health of the patient. Therefore, after finding white spots on the skin, you must go to a regular hospital for treatment as soon as possible to restore skin health as soon as possible.

Take you to understand what is the “endogenous” of vitiligo?

   Vitiligo is a disease in which melanin is lost and appears on the skin surface. It is painless and itchy, and it will not affect the patient’s life in the early stage, so that many patients neglect treatment in the early stage.  Although its symptoms appear on the skin, the cause of the disease is closely related to many aspects.  After investigation and research, it is found that a large part of the whitening factor of vitiligo disease comes from the inside of the body, which is called the “endogenous” of the onset of vitiligo, and together with some external stimuli, it affects the condition of vitiligo.   So, what exactly are these known “endogenous sources”? How does it affect the condition of vitiligo?   First, endocrine disorders    Among the many factors of vitiligo, endocrine disorders are one of the key factors that cannot be ignored. Clinical data shows that a large proportion of vitiligo caused by endocrine factors is more obvious in women. Due to the stress of life, many people often encounter some uncomfortable things, resulting in more sensitive emotions, easy to be angry, and frequent restlessness and irritability, so they are often evaluated as entering menopause, and trauma can also cause the body’s neurohumoral regulation Unbalance, this is actually the body’s secretion.   There are also long-term irregular diet, less exercise, lack of sleep, etc., which can easily cause endocrine disorders, resulting in some uncomfortable symptoms, including: poor sleep quality, increased or decreased appetite, skin acne, menstrual disorders, hair loss, etc. Experimental research shows that when endocrine disorders occur, many hormones related to melanin synthesis in the human body will be secreted abnormally, such as glucocorticoids, epinephrine, thyroxine, etc.; the dynamic balance in the process of human melanocyte production will be destroyed, it is easy Cause melanin metabolism disorder, which leads to the occurrence of vitiligo.   2. Microcirculation disorders    Under normal circumstances, the microcirculation blood flow adapts to the metabolic level of human tissues and organs, so that the physiological functions of various organs in the human body can operate normally. Because human capillaries are extremely thin and very long, and the blood flow rate is extremely slow, they can only flow 0.41 mm per second. The basic function of    microcirculation is to transport oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, taking away the products of metabolism.  In life, some people like to eat some animal products, such as beef, pork, whole milk and egg yolk, which are rich sources of saturated fatty acids, and processed and fried foods contain high concentrations of trans fatty acids.  However, saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids are the main reasons for the high density of low-density lipoprotein in the body. Such foods will increase the cholesterol level in the blood and cause its index to be high.  Cholesterol is not only mixed in blood vessels, but also contains impurities such as alcohol, nicotine, drug residues, and chemical residues in the blood. They not only thicken the walls of blood vessels, but also often block blood vessels, causing blood to run poorly.  When performing microcirculation test on the white spots of vitiligo patients, it will be found that on the same area of ​​skin, the number of capillaries in the white spots is much smaller than that of normal skin, which proves that the microcirculation is related to the lack of important melanin synthesis.   III. Immunity disorders   Immunity is an important system for the body to carry out immune responses and immune functions. The immune system has the functions of identifying and excluding antigenic foreign bodies, coordinating with other systems of the body, and jointly maintaining the stability of the body’s environment and physiological balance.  Immune system is the most effective weapon to prevent pathogens from invading. When an unknown object invades from the outside, the immunity will work together to enter the first-level battle mode to protect the body from harm. It is a natural barrier for the body to resist external bacteria. Once a person’s immunity is low or lacking, the resistance to external stimuli will be weakened, and the “loss of combat power” will lead to an increase in the incidence of various diseases, such as the well-known cold, tonsil inflammation, etc. Of course, vitiligo is not exception. Antibodies are present in the human serum. If the body’s immunity is low, the melanocytes will be damaged and attacked by the antibodies as antigens, so that the melanin will be reduced or even lost in large quantities, so that the melanin will not be synthesized, and the pigment cells will be detached from the epidermis after damage. If it is lost, it will constitute white spots!   Warm reminder: As the saying goes, “Laugh a little for ten years, and worries when you are sad.”  In today’s so competitive society, people are busy for life oppression, have less rest time, and have a lot of ideological pressure, so many people often show negative

How to care for patients with vitiligo in summer?

As the temperature rises, it is the season of annual meat exposure again. Many beauty-loving friends, especially women, start to develop a new round of weight loss plan again. Running, yoga, and skipping rope take turns in battle, but many people have issued a This kind of complaint, why not tossed down, not much. In addition to perseverance and exercise, weight loss also requires reasonable planning and scientific exercise. The body must also be activated step by step. The choice of items should vary from person to person. Warming up and relaxing must be done step by step. It must have both “tenacity” and “strength.” Qiao Jiner.” However, it is worth noting here that sweating after exercise will make people feel relaxed and decompressed. However, there are some sweating dysfunctions, such as vitiligo patients. If this happens, you must pay attention to it, it may be white spots Spread! Appropriate ultraviolet radiation is beneficial to the synthesis of melanin in the skin, but the sun is strong in summer, and the skin receives a lot of ultraviolet radiation, which causes a large amount of damage to the melanocytes. After the skin is exposed to the sun, the melanocytes lose the ability to synthesize melanin and are easy to form Symptoms of leukoplakia spread. Without timely treatment, the original stubborn vitiligo will spread after a large area of ​​hair follicle closure, resulting in sweat can not be discharged. For cases of poor perspiration, patients with vitiligo can appropriately increase the amount of exercise to increase perspiration to improve, while also timely treatment. In summer, people’s physical functions are relatively active and metabolism is fast. If correct and effective treatment can be taken during this period, the body can better absorb drugs and give full play to the drug’s effectiveness. This is very beneficial to the regeneration of damaged melanin in the skin and can shorten the vitiligo. Treatment cycle to achieve good results of treatment.

Lasers can also be divided in this way-classification of optoelectronic instruments (1)

(1) Q-switched laser and picosecond laser technology: Q-switched laser refers to laser that is modulated by Q-switching technology and releases high-intensity energy density with extremely short pulse width (usually nanosecond). According to different wavelengths, there are currently four Q-switched lasers: frequency-doubled Q-switched Nd:YAG532mm laser, Q-switched ruby ​​laser, Q-switched emerald laser, and Q-switched Nd:YAG1064mm laser. Due to the nanosecond pulse width, and these wavelengths of laser light can be better absorbed by melanin particles, these lasers become an excellent treatment for superficial and some melanin particles with even distribution of dermal pigment hyperplasia. (2)&nbsp. Ultraviolet and excimer laser excimer laser (excimerlaser) is a pulsed gas laser, which is activated when the current passes, and releases a monochromatic light of a certain wavelength. The gas is a mixture of inert gas and halogen, and the activated inert gas and halogen can form a halide. Xe-Cl excimer laser 308nm is currently used in dermatology. The Xe-Cl dimer is composed of inert gas ??the outermost layer has 8 electrons and halogen chloride ??the outermost layer has 7 electrons. Halogen can be combined with other atoms by accepting an electron, and the excimer exists only in a bound state when the current is activated. (3) Permanent hair removal by hair removal laser requires destruction of the hair follicle stem cells and/or the dermal papilla at the base of the hair follicle base. These non-pigmented targets are far from the melanin group of the colored hair shaft. In order to damage non-pigmented targets, heat needs to be diffused from the pigmented parts to the surroundings. To achieve this effect, high-energy, millisecond pulses from the red to infrared wavelengths in the spectrum must be used to penetrate deep into the dermis and be selectively absorbed by melanin. Ruby, alexandrite, semiconductor and Nd:YAG lasers can all be used for hair removal. However, due to the lack of melanin pigment groups, these lasers are not effective for blond and white hair. (4)&nbsp. Dye laser and other vascular treatment laser until the emergence of pulsed dye laser (PDL) technology, argon laser is the earliest treatment option for vascular disease. The correlation between 488 and 514mm wavelength argon laser and hemoglobin absorption spectrum is not very good, and can be strongly absorbed by melanin. This situation and the reality that they are continuous lasers can produce non-specific heating of surrounding tissues during treatment. As a result, the treatment has a high risk of scarring. Argon lasers are no longer routinely used in clinical work (5). Infrared lasers with long pulse width are one of many invisible lights in the sunlight spectrum. The wavelength of infrared light on the spectrum is greater than that of visible light, and the wavelength is 700m~1m. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) recommends that the infrared region be divided into the following three parts: infrared A (R-A) wavelength 700 ~ 1400nm, infrared B (IR-B) wavelength 1400 ~ 3000nm, infrared C (RC) wavelength 300m ~ -1mm. Generally, users refer to the near-infrared (NIR) wavelength range from 750nm to 1400nm. Long-pulse-width infrared lasers used in skin laser medicine are mainly concentrated near the near-infrared band.

Causes of high incidence of vitiligo in summer

1. The diet and lifestyle are hotter in summer, and the activity of digestive enzymes in patients with vitiligo is reduced, which leads to low digestive system function and appetite. Summer is the season for bacteria to breed and the virus is frequent. If patients with vitiligo do not pay attention to reasonable rest time, it will lead to decreased immunity and cause the onset of vitiligo. And the skin is bitten by mosquitoes, and the skin produces redness and allergies, which can cause recurrent vitiligo. 2. Weather Causes Hot weather can make people irritable, thinking disordered, love to lose their temper, easily forget things, and have a low mood. These are due to the reduction of sleep and diet in hot summers, and the increased sweating, which causes the breakdown of electrolyte metabolism in the body, affects the nerve activity of the human brain and thus produces emotions, which eventually triggers vitiligo. 3. Large amount of ultraviolet radiation Appropriate ultraviolet radiation is conducive to the formation of skin melanin, but the summer sunshine is strong, the skin receives a lot of ultraviolet radiation, and the melanocytes will be destroyed in large quantities. After the skin is exposed to sunlight, the melanocytes are destroyed by ultraviolet rays, and the ability to produce melanin is lost, which causes the area of ​​vitiligo to gradually expand. At the same time, patients with vitiligo are prone to skin inflammation and aggravate skin damage.

What is the difference between the efficacy of treating vitiligo and what is related?

The clinical treatment effect of vitiligo varies greatly from individual to individual. Even if the same individual has significant differences in the efficacy of different parts in different periods, in addition to the difference in the patient’s subjective treatment options, there may also be certain objective factors. It is summarized in the following aspects:    1. Morning and evening generally, the shorter the onset time, the better the treatment effect, and the longer the time, the more difficult the treatment. The melanocytes in the leukoplakia area have not been completely destroyed, and symptomatic treatment can effectively activate melanin to return to normal. If the melanin in the leukoplakia area is completely destroyed, it is relatively difficult to treat only by the proliferation of non-functional and inactive melanocytes in the middle and lower parts of the hair follicle. 2. The size of skin lesions The treatment effect of vitiligo has an obvious relationship with the size of white skin lesions. If the area of ​​white spots is large, the area of ​​skin lesions that need to be treated will be hit. There is also a certain process of recovery. If the area of ​​white spots is small, the skin that needs treatment The damage is also small, and the symptomatic treatment is undoubtedly faster than the recovery of large-area leukoplakia.  3. Partial differences  Clinically, the more easily treated parts of vitiligo are the face, head, neck, back, front chest, waist, abdomen, hands, feet and mucosa. Sometimes a large area of ​​white spots on the head and face has recovered, but a little white spots on the hands and feet have never seen the effect. This is the typical difference in parts.  4. Age difference  If the disease type of vitiligo is the same, the curative effect of adolescents and children is better than that of middle-aged and elderly people. This is because the middle-aged and elderly people have high drug resistance and their physical qualities are declining, and young children are at a time when their various functions are flourishing. 5. Individual differences Living habits, mental states, physical conditions and other individual differences have different therapeutic effects. Partial eclipse, alcohol and tobacco addiction, children’s addiction to small foods and beverages have slow effects and long treatment courses. Those who maintain a comfortable mood and emotional stability have excellent effects. For long-term mental stress, depression, insomnia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Obese children and those with pale skin are more difficult to treat.   Warm reminder: The factors that affect the treatment effect of vitiligo are very complex and diverse. Therefore, patients must establish a positive treatment attitude, insist on cooperating with professional doctors for centralized and systematic treatment, and follow the doctor’s instructions to avoid the use of drugs and do the necessary routine care to prevent various inducing factors to help the white spot to recover as soon as possible.

Things you don’t know about blood tests and microcirculation!

   Vitiligo is a common multiple depigmentation disease, which is characterized by local or generalized depigmentation to form white spots, which is medically called melanin synthesis disorder. Therefore, vitiligo is not a blood disease, but a skin disease.  &Nbsp. There are white patients who can’t help but ask questions:   Since vitiligo is not a blood disease, why do blood tests?   Because the characteristics of vitiligo are: the symptoms are on the table, including the cause. Therefore, to completely get rid of the white spot trouble, not only need to treat the white spot lesion, but also adjust the internal environment of the body. Common causes are: susceptible genetic problems, immune system problems, microcirculation disorders, abnormal tyrosinase activity, damaged peripheral nerves, etc., if you want to determine which is the cause of white spots, you need to pass a professional inspection To be sure, the blood test is an important part of it.  Blood test is to better treat the disease and provide the necessary basis for the subsequent symptomatic treatment of vitiligo, which can improve the cure rate and benefit the rehabilitation of white patients!  At the same time, many white and white patients are accompanied by anemia, leukocytes and thrombocytopenia, from the blood can effectively detect white patients with abnormalities or potential problems in the body!   Just now we said that blood tests are part of professional etiological examinations. Are there any other tests? Yes, it is microcirculation obstacle detection!  *White patients are more puzzled   What is microcirculation testing? What does    have to do with vitiligo?   (microcirculation detection)    microcirculation refers to the blood circulation between arterioles and venules. It is an important system for the exchange of materials between blood and tissues to supply blood to important organs of the human body, and each organ and every tissue cell of the human body must be provided with oxygen, nutrients, transfer energy, and exchange information by microcirculation to eliminate carbon dioxide and Metabolic waste. Therefore, if the microcirculation fails, it will directly affect the physiological function of each organ.  Microcirculation is closely related to vitiligo:   1. Microcirculation obstacles will block melanin production and nutrient delivery.  The basic function of microcirculation is to transport oxygen and nutrients to tissues, taking away the products of metabolism. Therefore, once this cycle is disrupted, nutrients cannot be delivered to all parts of the skin, and melanocytes cannot be produced normally. In the long run, melanin will be lost, causing local skin discoloration and whitening, and vitiligo. 2. Microcirculation disorder will block the delivery of trace elements. Determination of trace elements in patients with vitiligo will find that most patients lack trace elements in local leukoplakia, and on the same area of ​​skin, the number of capillaries in the site of vitiligo is much higher than that of normal skin Fewer parts. This means that once a problem occurs in a certain part of the human microcirculation system, the trace elements required in that part will not be transported normally. The lack of copper and zinc ions for the synthesis of melanocytes will naturally cause white spots to appear on the skin. 3. The microcirculation disorder will affect the absorption of drugs. Microcirculation is an important system of human metabolism. Only its normal circulation can exclude the body’s metabolic wastes, absorb nutrients, oxygen and drugs. Vitiligo treatment can play a better effect and achieve white spots as soon as possible Polychromatic.   Vitiligo is not only as simple as the appearance of white spots on the epidermis, it is a comprehensive disease related to the “internal environment” such as organs, blood, and immunity. Therefore, in order to successfully restore white spots, blood tests and microcirculation are essential.

Full answers to skin problems during pregnancy

In other words, besides being most concerned about the health of the baby in your stomach during pregnancy, what other things do you care about? According to my observation, there are two other things that you are very concerned about when pregnant: one is eating and the other is skin. (Hahaha, did you talk about it in your heart?) Let’s not eat it. Skin, beauty is a woman’s nature. Even if you are pregnant, you want to be beautiful! But since I was pregnant with my baby, various skin problems came one after another, you are afraid to take pictures even at home, even in the mirror! Some skin problems during pregnancy, such as pigmentation and rashes, are harmless to the mother and the fetus, and some will gradually disappear with the birth of the baby. But there are some problems, although the performance is very ordinary, but it must be vigilant. (1) What should I do with urticaria during pregnancy? Urticaria occurs during pregnancy. If the condition requires, it is recommended that cetirizine tablets and loratadine tablets belonging to the second generation of antihistamines be preferred. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) The pregnancy safety grade is grade B. However, the use of first-generation antihistamines, such as chlorpheniramine (chlorpheniramine), is not recommended. The FDA classifies the pregnancy safety of this drug as C. In addition, foreign data indicate that chlorpheniramine is not recommended for children under 6 years of age, nor for lactating women. (2) What should I do if my skin has long spots? After a woman becomes pregnant, with the increase of progesterone in her body, the body of the pregnant woman will have some changes, and some skin problems will also occur. Especially the skin on the face is more obvious, such as large pores and increased melanin, but these are normal phenomena. Normally, women will disappear on their own within a few months after giving birth, so don’t worry too much. However, there are special conditions during pregnancy, such as long spots, because the spots are more difficult to remove, which is more troublesome for pregnant mothers who love beauty. Therefore, it is particularly important to pay attention to skin care during pregnancy. How to prevent stains and postpartum pigmentation? 1.&nbsp.Excessive sunlight will make the condition of melanin precipitation worse, so sunscreen is the best way to prevent the problem of melanin precipitation from worsening. Usually must do sun protection work, wipe sunscreen, sunscreen, wear long sleeves, wear hats, gloves, masks, parasols, etc. 2.&nbsp. Do a good job of moisturizing to avoid dry skin, otherwise the skin is susceptible to inflammation and deepen the production of melanin. For moisturizing the skin, use emulsions containing vitamins C and E, which can not only whiten but also lighten melanin deposits. 3. In addition, you can also eat more foods containing vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin A, and eat less spicy, greasy and photosensitive foods. 4.&nbsp. Avoid fatigue, stay up late, maintain adequate sleep and help metabolism. 5.&nbsp. Carry out moderate exercise to release the pressure, maintain a pleasant mood, the circulation of qi and blood can reach the skin smoothly, promote the renewal of the dermal layer of the skin, and naturally reduce the precipitation of melanin. If you already have chloasma, don’t be frustrated. Now medical treatments are well-developed and freckles are removed in minutes. You can take oral tranexamic acid, crystal tomato, topical ce extract, tranexamic acid extract, compound fruit acid biofilm. Medical beauty project: opt, gene gun (jet whitening drug), fruit acid rejuvenation, super picosecond. The effect is very significant. (3) acne (acne) Acne is also one of the common skin problems during pregnancy. The main reason is that the increase in progesterone levels causes excessive sebum and blocks pores. And if you have a history of acne, or if acne is prone to occur during the menstrual cycle, the probability of developing acne during pregnancy will increase a lot. To treat acne during pregnancy, daily care should be done first. • Wash your face with a mild cleanser. Do not rub hard when washing, and do not rub hard after washing your face. • Avoid using functional products such as facial wrinkles and whitening because they can irritate the skin and aggravate acne. • Do not squeeze acne, it may cause infection, or even leave scars. • You should also take good care of your hair, because these dead corners that can’t be cleaned up at the hairline are prone to acne. •If you continue to get acne during breastfeeding, you can consider peeling with acid, and you can also use Lectin and Bansai. &nbsp. (4) How to solve stretch marks? 60% to 90% of pregnant women will be troubled by it. Stretch marks are a kind of pathological skin changes during pregnancy. The early stage is purple-red or red stripes, and the later the pigment is lost, it will become white or silver stripes, but it will not

What should I do if I feel that my skin turns white

Everyone will have this kind of problem, so how can we turn white? In fact, some whitening ingredients are also added to medical skin care products. For example, like tranexamic acid, nicotinamide, etc., tranexamic acid is also called tranexamic acid, it can inhibit the tyrosinase in the process of melanin formation, thereby playing a role in inhibiting the growth of melanin. How was the role of tranexamic acid discovered? In fact, Tranexamic acid was the first to prevent postpartum hemorrhage in obstetrics and gynecology. Some people found that it can make the skin white and bright during the treatment process. Later, experiments have found that Tranexamic acid has the skin whitening treatment effect, which can inhibit the production of melanin, and finally act on Among the application fields of dermatology. Tranexamic acid not only inhibits the production of melanin, but it also inhibits the effects of vascular endothelin and redness. If there is red blood on the face or facial flushing is in a sensitive state, the whitening essence in medical skin care products is generally preferred during treatment. Just mentioned the component of nicotinamide, nicotinamide itself can play a two-way role in regulating sebum secretion. Generally speaking, it will reduce the oily skin secretion of oil. Niacinamide not only has the effect of whitening and light spots, but also has the effect of controlling oil. &nbsp.

What are the causes of freckles?

What are freckles? Freckles generally appear around 3-5 years of age, and increase in puberty, with the trend of diminishing with age. Most women. Occurs on the face, especially the nose and cheeks, back of the hands, neck and shoulders. The color spots are from the tip of the needle to the large grain of rice, from light brown to dark brown spots, the number is indefinite, ranging from a few sparse to hundreds of dense clusters, isolated and not fused. No conscious symptoms. Insolation can inspire or make it worse, generally light in winter and heavy in summer. What are the causes of freckles? Internal factors 1. Genetic genes: If there are long spots in the parents, the probability of long spots is high. This situation can be determined to a certain extent as the role of genetic genes. 2. Endocrine disorders, female hormones can promote development and metabolism, increase blood circulation, if excessive secretion will stimulate melanocytes to form freckles. 3. Slow metabolism: Freckles can also appear when the liver’s metabolic function is abnormal or ovarian function is reduced. Because the metabolism is not smooth, or the endocrine disorders are in a sensitive state, the pigment problem is exacerbated. 4. Liver dysfunction, the liver has detoxification and metabolic effects, and the nutrient degradation of liver function will not be completely decomposed, so that the skin cannot absorb nutrients and cannot detox! 5. Insufficient qi and blood, bad eating habits, bad living habits! External factors 1. For example, excessive caffeine can stimulate the gastrointestinal tract and cause insomnia, causing mental anxiety, causing melanin molecules to float on the surface of the skin, causing pigmentation, causing dark spots to expand and darken. Acidic food will weaken the blood circulation, affect the new age, suitable for melanin deposition. It is recommended to eat less meat and eat more fruits and vegetables, which will help to brighten the skin! 2. Mental stimulation. When a person is under pressure, the pituitary gland cannot function normally, which causes an increase in adrenal hormones. If you are stressed for a long time, the balance of the body’s metabolism will be destroyed, the nutritional supply required by the skin will tend to be slow, and the pigment mother cells will become active. In turn, it stimulates black cells to produce large amounts of melanin, and pigmentation occurs. 3. Drugs can promote melanin formation or interfere with melanin metabolism and cause melanin deposition (sleeping pills). 4. Ultraviolet rays: When irradiating ultraviolet rays, the human body produces a lot of melanin pigments in the basal layer in order to protect the skin. Therefore, in order to protect the skin, more pigment will accumulate in sensitive areas. Frequently exposed to strong sunlight not only promotes skin aging. 5. Bad cleaning habits: The skin becomes sensitive due to strong cleaning habits, which will stimulate the skin by itself. When the skin is sensitive, in order to protect the skin, the melanocytes will secrete many pigments. When the pigment is excessive, it becomes the cause of freckles.

What factors affect the condition of vitiligo in summer?

   Vitiligo is a kind of white spots on the skin. Skin diseases caused by lack of pigment can occur in various parts of the body. Vitiligo damage to the appearance and damage to physical health has caused huge mental stress for patients, and psychological problems will occur over time. Vitiligo has obvious seasonality, it is easy to spread in spring and summer, and the disease will be significantly relieved in autumn and winter. So, what factors affect the condition of vitiligo in summer?    Exposure causes melanin to fall off in advance. The summer weather is hot. Many people wear it very cool and thin. The exposed parts of the human body are more than other seasons. The length and area of ​​exposure to sunlight are also It is more than usual, and after the human body is exposed to the sun, the melanocytes on the surface of the skin become hyperactive and over-secrete melanin, resulting in the lack of melanin-forming intermediates and the melanocytes falling off prematurely. Sultry makes people feel abnormal. Summer weather is sultry, it is easy to make people irritable. Some people will also perform unusual behaviors, such as irritability, thinking disorders, temper tantrums, etc., leading to disorders of the body’s immune system. It affects the synthesis of melanocytes and causes the spread of vitiligo. The high temperature makes the cell activity more active. The high temperature environment in summer makes the human cell activity more active, so the summer metabolism is also more vigorous than in other seasons, and the sebaceous glands secrete more, which will cause greater loss of body fluids and cause instability in the body environment. Factors such as prolonged friction stimulation and sunburn trauma infection may awaken vitiligo. The summer weather is hot, and everyone is more exposed. Many patients with vitiligo will have more or less inferiority complexes, because the white spots on their skin will make them look stranger to outsiders. Such patients with vitiligo must pay attention to adjust themselves Emotions, divert their attention.  

Vitiligo treatment method introduction: TCM directed penetration medicine treatment

Traditional Chinese medicine plays a very important role in the treatment of diseases. The role of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of vitiligo is also very important. In addition to the commonly used methods of phototherapy when patients are treated in hospitals, traditional Chinese medicine cannot be ignored. Today, I will introduce you to the traditional Chinese medicine directed penetration treatment system. Project Introduction The TCM Directed Drug Penetration Therapy System is a combination of medium frequency drug directed introduction technology, medium frequency bionic massage technology, and thermal and magnetic treatment technology. The modulated medium frequency current can promote the reduction of skin resistance, dilate small arteries and capillaries, and improve local blood. Circulates, accelerates metabolism, increases the activity of cell membranes, and improves melanocyte regeneration. It is like opening a “door” on the protective outer membrane of living cells, allowing drugs and other therapeutic molecules to directly enter the inside of the cell, and through the warming effect, massage effect, and magnetization, the drug can accelerate the effect At the site of the lesion, the cell tissue strongly absorbs the drug, effectively promoting the recovery of melanocyte function and promoting the normal secretion of melanin.  Project advantages:   Purified drugs are directly administered to the affected area, and the absorbed drug concentration in the affected area is higher and the effect is better.  Rebuilds the microcirculation, activates T cells, and inhibits the excessiveization and proliferation of epidermal cells.  Enhance immunity, activate tyrosinase activity, restore melanocyte regeneration ability, and have an effective anti-relapse effect.   is safe and reliable, has no side effects, only removes white spots, and does not harm healthy skin tissue.  Contraindications:   Patients with heart disease, the use of electrodes near the chest increases the risk of heart fibrillation.   Pregnant women.  Patients with abnormal blood pressure.  Patients who feel abnormal when receiving treatment.

How to care for vitiligo for better recovery?

Vitiligo has caused many injuries to patients. This disease is characterized by the appearance of white spots on the skin and is stimulated to spread quickly. Because there are many factors that induce vitiligo, which are related to all aspects of life, it will affect if it is not controlled well. The condition of vitiligo increases the difficulty of treatment. So, how to care for vitiligo for better recovery?   Attention to a healthy diet  Vitiligo patients should pay attention to daily diet. Eat more food that is conducive to the growth of melanocytes, such as melanin, tyrosinase, copper and zinc trace elements. At the same time avoid excessive intake of vitamin C food, because vitamin C will inhibit the metabolism and synthesis of melanin, aggravate the condition, should be reasonable and balanced in the daily diet, mainly light, green, healthy and intake of adequate nutrition.  Careful and rational use of medicines  Many Western medicines have some side effects and contraindications. Many patients take the medicine blindly without knowing their illness, and the serious consequences will be as little as ineffective and more likely to accelerate the spread of the disease. In addition, many patients will also believe in home remedies. Although they are all natural ingredients of Chinese herbal medicine, their medicinal properties cannot be determined and there is no scientific basis for clinical Chinese medicine, so they should be chosen carefully.  Maintain a good attitude  The influence of various bad emotions and psychological factors may also lead to the occurrence of vitiligo. Therefore, it is very important for patients to control bad emotions and maintain a healthy attitude. In addition, patients can strengthen exercise and improve their immunity and resistance, and assist in the treatment of vitiligo to recover as soon as possible to avoid the spread of disease. The spread of vitiligo can be prevented. Patients must overcome psychological pressure and maintain a good mood. They should also pay attention to vitiligo’s diet and hygiene, as well as life care. A good living environment will relax the spirit and the mood will be better, which is more beneficial to vitiligo. Good recovery.

Vitiligo has blurred boundaries. Should it develop or improve?

   Vitiligo is a disease that some people say is blurred, others say it is clear. In fact, both symptoms are present. So what does the blurry border mean? Do the white spots with clear borders need to spread or recover? The white spots around the boundary of the white spots will spread to the normal skin from the clear to the blurred site, but the spread of the white spots is often more subtle and slow, and can be grabbed Some key details to judge. In general, if you observe that the boundary around the white spot gradually blurs, then you should pay attention to it at this time, the white spot may have begun to spread. In fact, if the vitiligo develops, the symptoms are still very obvious. And the vitiligo in the stable period is the most suitable for treatment. Here are some symptoms of the vitiligo development period and the stable period. We should pay more attention to it.  Vitiligo during development 1. Changes in the number and area of ​​white spots   The number of white spots changes from less to more, the area changes from small to large, and even some white spots gradually merge into a piece from a single distribution. Under normal circumstances, these aggravated symptoms can be distinguished with the naked eye, but individual patients’ disease progresses slowly, and the area must gradually be discovered through small observations. At this time, daily photography can be carried out by means of photographing, which can avoid misjudgment caused by too subjective judgment.   2. The white spots become darker. From the chromaticity of white spots, it can be roughly divided into four degrees-I degree is light white or pale white. Ⅱ degree milky white. Ⅲ degree cloud white. Ⅳ degree porcelain white. At the initial stage, the white spots are generally pale or milky white. When the condition is aggravated and the melanin is destroyed, the white spots gradually become darker in color, which is cloud white or porcelain white. The amount of melanin in the leukoplakia of patients with vitiligo can be directly revealed through the skin color.   However, in the early stages of the disease, some hidden white spots are difficult to distinguish with the naked eye. When symptoms that cannot be accurately judged by the naked eye but suspected of white spots appear, you should go to the hospital for scientific examination as soon as possible to kill the white spots in the cradle. This is because, at the edge of the white spot, the original melanin-deficient area and the normal melanin synthesis area have clear boundaries. Once the melanin outside the boundary is attacked and reduced, the color difference at the boundary will weaken and the boundary will gradually blur.  Vitiligo in stable period  White spots tend to be stable, no longer spread and spread, the boundary between the skin at the white spots and the normal skin is clear, and no new white spots appear. If the white spots are found to stagnate and develop, the number will no longer increase. If the area of ​​white spots is no longer expanded, no new white spots will appear. If the color of the white spots gradually deepens and the boundary with the surrounding skin becomes clear, it means that vitiligo has developed to a stable Expired. The stable period is the period of eradicating vitiligo. Vitiligo does not have an absolute stable period and a progressive period. 1. Usually on the same patient, there are both white spots with clear boundaries and white spots with blurred boundaries, indicating that some white spots are in a stable state and some white spots are in an expanded state. The stable period refers to the patient as a whole, as long as there is a leukoplakia expansion or only one new leukoplakia, it also indicates that it is not a stable stage of vitiligo, because the leukoplakia stage in the stasis phase is clear and there are no new leukoplakia. 2. Vitiligo stable period and progress period are not absolute, they often appear alternately, after the stable period the leukoplakia state becomes clear, but due to the stimulation of some environmental factors, the disease re-activates into the progressive stage, and the leukoplakia is not equal The proportion of radioactivity expands, but the boundary on one side of the white spot is blurred and the boundary of the normal skin disappears, and the transition to the normal skin enlarges, making the white spot irregular, so that the white spot stability and progress repeatedly alternate, making the white spot appear map-like Exterior.  Reminder: If the patient finds that the border of the white spot is blurred, it is likely that vitiligo is spreading. At this time, pay more attention to scientific diagnosis and treatment in time, pay attention to avoid factors that make the condition worse in life, and take good care of the skin.

What to do if white spots appear on the skin?

In summer, many skin diseases are prone to occur. Patients must be vigilant when white spots appear on their bodies. When there are problems with the body, they will show through the skin, so don’t be careless when small white spots appear on the body.  Is it necessary to have white spots? Vitiligo is a typical skin leukoplakia, and there is no crowd limit for the onset. Summer is also the peak period of vitiligo. This disease usually has no conscious symptoms when it occurs. The affected area will not feel obvious discomfort. In addition to depigmentation, the surface and Normal skin is very smooth, there is no scaling and atrophy, it is more sensitive to sunlight, and it will become red when exposed to the sun. If the small white spots on the body have these symptoms, you must be vigilant.  Because the disease that causes white spots on the body is not only one type of vitiligo, in order to effectively avoid the phenomenon of misdiagnosis and treatment, scientific and effective testing is necessary. Wood lamp is a basic device for checking white spots. Under the irradiation of Wood lamp, vitiligo skin lesions will show pure white fluorescence, which is in sharp contrast with the surrounding normal skin. When the degree of melanin loss is light, it will also appear off-white and blue-white.   Three-dimensional skin tomography is also a commonly used instrument in the diagnosis of vitiligo. It can detect the degree of melanin loss and accurately detect the condition of subcutaneous melanocytes. Easy to spread is a major feature of vitiligo. For small white spots on the body, it is necessary to seize the time to treat it, so as to prevent the spread of white spots from causing greater harm to the patient. The incidence of vitiligo is complicated and cannot be treated indiscriminately. Patients should pay attention to using scientific methods to target Sexual therapy, to better ensure the treatment effect, so that the white spots recover as soon as possible.