Early signs of epilepsy

  Commonly known as sheep epilepsy, sow wind. It is a temporary brain dysfunction caused by recurrent abnormal discharge of brain neurons.   Most of the onset is in childhood and adolescence. Lack of sleep, fatigue, hunger, drinking, agitation, menstruation, etc. can trigger attacks. There are many forms of seizures in patients with epilepsy, the most common are major seizures, minor seizures, localized seizures and psychomotor seizures.  ①Big attack. The patient has sudden loss of consciousness, falls and sometimes yells, apnea, foaming at the mouth, tonic convulsions all over the body, bites of the lips and tongue, and incontinence. Recovery in 5-10 minutes.  ②Small attacks. It can be manifested in two situations:   -absence minor episode: suddenly staring or turning up, shocked, interrupted in activity and language, holding something to the ground, and responding, about tens of seconds.  -Myoclonus minor seizures: short (1-2 seconds) myoclonus on the face, upper limbs, neck, and trunk.  ③ Localized seizures. Short bursts of twitching or numbness on one side of the mouth, eyelids, fingers, toes, or one side of the face and extremities. Twitches can sometimes extend from fingers to upper limbs to the opposite side.  ④Psychomotor episodes. Similar to minor episodes of absence, but lasts more than 1 minute. Or there are various hallucinations, delusions, and unconscious actions, such as sucking, chewing, smacking, undressing, unbuttoning, etc.  ⑤The diagnosis of epilepsy often relies on electroencephalogram and head sting, magnetic resonance imaging (MRl), cerebrovascular angiography, etc. EEG has special diagnostic value for this disease.   There is a type of epilepsy called painful epilepsy, which is a special type of localized epilepsy. This type of epilepsy is characterized by paroxysmal pain in the extremities and joint pain, so it is often misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, neurosis, radiculitis, or polio.   After suffering from painful epilepsy, there is often paroxysmal severe pain in the limbs, which occurs suddenly and stops abruptly. It can be relieved by itself without drugs. The patient’s consciousness is clear at the time of the attack. In addition, this kind of limb pain can not be found in joint redness, swelling, and heat, and the onset of pain has nothing to do with the weather and season. The use of analgesics is ineffective and there are no positive features on physical examination. However, if an EEG is taken, it can be found Epileptiform discharge.   For this type of limb painful epilepsy, if it can be diagnosed early according to the above method, the treatment effect is generally better, if it is too late, the effect will be greater.

Localized scleroderma | Difficult to treat complex diseases? It’s time to change your focus

&nbsp.&nbsp. You may feel that scleroderma is extremely harmful, and can accumulate multiple organs such as the gastrointestinal tract, heart, lungs, kidneys, etc., and finally end up in life due to nutritional disorders, failure of various important organs and complications . In fact, this is a wrong understanding, not all scleroderma will cause such serious consequences. &nbsp.&nbsp. Scleroderma is divided into localized scleroderma and systemic scleroderma. Localized scleroderma, also known as scleroderma, is a skin disease in which localized skin swells and gradually develops sclerosis and shrinkage. Unlike systemic scleroderma, localized scleroderma lesions are limited to local skin and subcutaneous tissues, and can be patchy (plaque patchy scleroderma), or tightly banded (linear scleroderma) ). &nbsp. And systemic scleroderma has a wide range of lesions that can affect not only skin tissue but also internal organs of the body. It can cause different clinical symptoms such as heartburn, dyspnea, and increased blood pressure. Treatment of localized scleroderma The purpose of localized scleroderma is to relieve the inflammatory response as soon as possible. But any treatment has little effect on already formed fibrous tissue. Once the inflammation disappears, the body absorbs some fibrous tissue and the skin can gradually soften again. Physical therapy is an important treatment for linear scleroderma. If the skin lesions pass through the joints, it is very important to maintain the joint extension exercise, you can apply appropriate drugs to the lesions and deep connective tissue massage. In addition, the combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine can greatly reduce the side effects of drug treatments and at the same time help to alleviate the disease. At the same time, combined with local drug injection, Chinese medicine collapse, acupuncture and other treatments, many patients have achieved significant results. What are the regular tests for localized scleroderma? Due to the possible involvement of important internal organs (such as lung, gastrointestinal tract, kidney, heart, etc.), organ function needs to be regularly evaluated to detect possible organ involvement early. When using certain drugs for treatment, the side effects of the drugs need to be monitored at any time and regularly monitored. The prognosis of localized scleroderma plaque scleroderma often only leaves defects that affect the appearance of the skin. Linear scleroderma can have a serious impact on children. They can have muscle loss and slow bone growth, and can cause joint stiffness and deformities. Some patients with localized scleroderma have a relatively small area, mild onset, and timely treatment. The recovery effect is very significant. If some patients with localized scleroderma are relatively large, the treatment is relatively late or the early treatment is inappropriate, some symptomatic treatment can achieve the purpose of control and remission. What do you think of this? Welcome to leave a comment~

Early signs of epilepsy

Commonly known as sheep epilepsy, sow wind. It is a temporary brain dysfunction caused by abnormal discharge of recurrent brain neurons. Most of them start in childhood and adolescence. Lack of sleep, fatigue, hunger, drinking, excitement, menstruation, etc. can all trigger attacks. There are many forms of seizures in patients with epilepsy, the most common ones are major seizures, minor seizures, localized seizures and psychomotor seizures. ① Great attack. Sudden loss of consciousness, sometimes yelling at falls, apnea, foaming in the mouth, tonic convulsions in the body, biting of the lips and tongue, and incontinence. Recover in 5-10 minutes. ② Small attack. It can be manifested in two situations:-A minor episode of absent-mindedness: Sudden gaze or roll-up of both eyes, Lengshen, activity, language interruption, holding objects off the ground, should not respond, about tens of seconds. – Small seizures of myoclonus: short (1-2 seconds) myoclonus occurs on the face, upper extremities, neck, and trunk. ③ localized attack. Short-term convulsions or numbness tingling in one corner of the mouth, eyelids, fingers, toes, or one side of the face and extremities. Convulsions sometimes extend from the fingers to the upper limbs to the opposite side. ④ Psychomotor seizures. Similar to a small episode of absence, but lasting more than 1 minute. Or a variety of hallucinations, illusions, and unconscious movements, such as sucking, chewing, sucking, undressing, unbuttoning, etc. ⑤ Diagnosis of epilepsy Changru relies on electroencephalogram, head bite, magnetic resonance imaging (MRl), cerebral angiography, etc. EEG has special diagnostic value for this disease. There is a type of epilepsy called limb pain epilepsy, which is a special type of localized epilepsy. This type of epilepsy is characterized by paroxysmal extremity pain and joint pain, so it is often misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis, sciatica, neurosis, radiculitis, or polio. After suffering from limb pain epilepsy, there is often severe extremity pain, which suddenly occurs and suddenly stops. It can be relieved by itself without drugs. The patient’s consciousness is clear at the time of the attack. In addition, for this kind of limb pain, the joint redness, swelling, and heat can not be detected, and the pain attack has nothing to do with the weather and the season. The use of analgesics is ineffective. There is no positive feature during the physical examination, but it can be found if there is an EEG Epilepsy discharge. For this kind of limb pain epilepsy, if the early diagnosis can be performed according to the above method, the treatment effect is generally better, and if it is too late, the effect is greater.

Misunderstanding of treatment: localized scleroderma is equivalent to “skin disease” and does not require large-scale treatment

  It is well known that scleroderma is an autoimmune disease characterized by localized or diffuse skin thickening and fibrosis, which can affect multiple systems such as heart, lung, kidney, and digestive tract. The patient’s skin is hardened, thickened, and atrophic. Depending on the degree of skin lesions and the location of the lesions, the disease can be divided into two types: localized and systemic. Compared with systemic sclerosis, localized scleroderma is simply “mild” and has a low chance of invading organs, mainly due to skin sclerosis. It is for this reason that many patients friends regard this as “skin disease” and think that there is no need for large-scale treatment?   In fact, such an idea is incorrect. For adults, although the disease hardly develops into systemic sclerosis, and the chance of visceral damage is also very low, without regular treatment, the lesions on the affected area are likely to increase or expand, affecting the patient’s appearance. In addition, for children, localized scleroderma has a far-reaching effect on children, for example: linear scleroderma can cause growth disorders; facial involvement can cause skin atrophy and so on.  Limited scleroderma is a kind of localized skin swelling, which gradually develops sclerotic and atrophic skin diseases, which are more common in the scalp, forehead, waist, abdomen, and extremities. The lesions start out as light red with varying sizes, a slightly edema spot, single or multiple. Afterwards, it gradually hardened and appeared light yellow or yellowish white. The surface is smooth and shiny like a wax, the center is slightly concave, the hair at the skin lesion is shed, the sweating is reduced, and the surrounding capillaries are dilated, showing a purple-red color or deepening of the pigment. Late skin atrophy and hypopigmentation. If patients are not treated in time, they will also threaten their own health!  In treatment, it is recommended to adopt a combination of traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment methods, with Chinese medicine to alleviate the toxic and side effects of Western medicine, the two complement each other, so that syndrome differentiation can be more effectively completed. Including the use of modern instruments and equipment to observe the disease, the monitoring of vital signs, and the integrated Chinese and Western medicine nursing methods used in the implementation of nursing procedures. Through the application of a variety of characteristic therapies, the best results can be achieved for the treatment of patients.   It is worth noting that when patients with localized scleroderma are treated clinically, they need to take care of the health care measures at the same time, and they should pay more attention to all aspects of daily life, which has a positive auxiliary effect on disease rehabilitation. For example, in the diet of patients, attention should be paid to nutritional supplements, and various seafood, spicy and spicy foods should be avoided. The psychological state of the patient is also very important, pay attention to maintain a healthy and optimistic attitude, to avoid adverse emotions affecting treatment.

Can a piece of skin shrink back? How to treat localized scleroderma?

Localized scleroderma is a connective tissue disease characterized by swelling, hardening, atrophy, and joint pain and joint deformities. Its pathogenesis is unclear and may be related to infection, endocrine disorders, abnormal collagen metabolism, vascular disease, and immune disorders. Localized scleroderma is a common clinical type of scleroderma. It is more common in the frontal region, chest area, abdomen, and extremities. It is early-stage light red edema patches of varying sizes, which gradually expand. The skin is hardened, slightly concave in the center, light yellow or ivory white, the surface is smooth and shiny, and some parts can change like parchment. The goal of treatment for localized scleroderma is to relieve the inflammatory response as soon as possible. But any treatment has little effect on already formed fibrous tissue. Once the inflammation disappears, the body absorbs some fibrous tissue and the skin can gradually soften again. Treatment mainly targets abnormalities in blood vessels, immunity, and collagen, and is based on regulating immunity, anti-inflammatory, improving circulation, and inhibiting fibrosis. Western medicine can use hormones, immunosuppressants, etc. Chinese medicine believes that the disease is on the surface, mainly due to yang deficiency and cold condensation, and staying for a long time prevents the Qi machine, the blood flow is poor, and the meridians are blocked. Therefore, according to the syndrome differentiation type, Chinese medicine decoction and traditional Chinese medicine physiotherapy are given. Local treatment is an important treatment method for localized scleroderma, such as acupuncture, tacrolimus ointment, polysulfonic acid mucopolysaccharide ointment, heparin sodium ointment, subcutaneous injection of Bo Zhizhi peptide, UAV-1 ultraviolet treatment, Chinese medicine fumigation Chinese medicine hand and foot bath.

What is hyperhidrosis?

What is hyperhidrosis? Some people often sweat on their hands and feet, especially when the temperature is high, and their hands are often wet in summer. It is very inconvenient to do things. The shoes and socks on the feet are wet. Sometimes sweating is more severe. When I go home and take off my socks, my feet are like being blistered. The skin is white and wrinkled. I don’t change my shoes or socks for two days. I feel uncomfortable. This is due to excessive sweating of the skin and is called hyperhidrosis. Hyperhidrosis is caused by excessive sweat production by the small sweat glands. Hyperhidrosis is related to increased sympathetic impulses and increased acetylcholine secretion caused by various reasons. Acetylcholine enhances the excitability of the small sweat glands and produces hyperhidrosis; in some patients, the tension of the small sweat glands may increase, resulting in normal intensity stimulation The sweating response is enhanced. The causes of hyperhidrosis are divided into disease and functional disorders: 1. Disease is more common in endocrine disorders and hormonal disorders, such as hyperthyroidism, pituitary hyperfunction, pregnancy, diabetes, febrile diseases, and some hereditary syndromes, etc. . 2. Most of the functionalities are related to mental factors, such as mental tension, emotional agitation, anger, terror and anxiety, which are caused by sympathetic disorders. Hyperhidrosis is divided into two types: localized and systemic. Local hyperhidrosis is common in hands and feet, underarms, tip of nose, and forehead. The place where you like to sweat is often humid. In severe cases, it is like a drip. The sweating of the foot and plantar evaporates slowly, causing the epidermis to impregnate and whitish and produce a smell. Local hyperhidrosis often occurs in children and young adults, and usually relieves itself after the age of 25; systemic hyperhidrosis can be caused by other diseases such as hyperthyroidism, or antipyretics are used; physiological systemic hyperhidrosis generally occurs after exercise or After eating a lot of spicy food. People with limited sweating should avoid mental tension and mood swings, pay attention to cleanliness and keep it dry, or use a sedative to properly control sweating under the guidance of a doctor. & nbsp.

Can I have a facelift after getting scleroderma?

As the saying goes: “Everybody has a heart for beauty”, so are scleroderma patients … Scleroderma, as the name suggests, is a disease in which the skin hardens. There are obviously more women than men in this disease, and it is a worldwide difficult disease. At present, there is no complete cure in the world. Because of the different types of scleroderma, the faces of the patients are different, but no matter what kind of face scleroderma appears, it is undoubtedly not what the patients expect to see, so “can you have a facelift after having scleroderma?” Asked again, was repeatedly asked by the loved patients with scleroderma. In fact, for those scleroderma patients who are too anxious and worried about their disfigurement, especially those with limited scleroderma, it is not necessary to carry out cosmetic procedures such as fat filling because they are worried about the continued development of the disease. Because scleroderma itself is an autoimmune disease, if cosmetic surgery may cause local scar formation. Secondly, the condition of localized scleroderma usually maintains a long-term limitation and is not fully developed, so the prognosis is good, and there are few signs of systemic multi-system involvement in the whole body. Therefore, local skin lesions do not need special treatment. Doctor’s tip: Patients with scleroderma should not undergo cosmetic surgery. Because whether it is systemic sclerosis or localized scleroderma (scar-like depression on the forehead), it is necessary to undergo the process of skin sclerosis. Patients have different degrees of skin thickening and hardening in different ranges, and the self-regulation of the skin And the recovery ability is poor, even a small trauma may be more difficult to heal. If scleroderma patients are still forced to undergo cosmetic surgery at this time, it may cause wound infection, even ulceration. To sum up, if the patient has insisted on cosmetic surgery under the above circumstances, he should inform the surgeon of the disease and discuss with the immunologist, choose the right time and location, and should not act without authorization to avoid repeated illness. Outweigh the gains! [Disclaimer: The pictures in the text are quoted on the Internet, if there is a copyright party, please contact to delete]

For localized scleroderma, see here for treatment and prognosis

Regarding localized scleroderma, see here for treatment and prognosis. Localized scleroderma is a connective tissue disease characterized by swelling, sclerosis, atrophy, and joint pain and joint deformities of the skin. Its pathogenesis is unclear and may be related to infection, endocrine disorders, abnormal collagen metabolism, vascular disease, and immune disorders. Scleroderma is divided into localized scleroderma and systemic scleroderma. Localized scleroderma, also known as scleroderma, is an autoimmune disease with localized skin swelling and progressive sclerosis and atrophy. Unlike systemic scleroderma, localized scleroderma lesions are limited to local skin and subcutaneous tissues, and can be patchy (plaque patchy scleroderma), or tightly banded (linear scleroderma) ). The systemic scleroderma has a wide range of lesions, which can affect not only the skin tissue but also the internal organs of the body. It can cause different clinical symptoms such as heartburn, dyspnea and increased blood pressure. Will localized scleroderma develop into systemic scleroderma? Limited scleroderma is mainly characterized by skin and subcutaneous tissues and chronic inflammation and fibrosis, less involving the internal organs, and generally does not develop into systemic scleroderma. If it is an adult, most of the appearance will change, and the internal organs will not be violated. If children get this disease, the appearance changes will be quite serious, but also cause growth disorders. How to treat localized scleroderma? The purpose of the treatment of localized scleroderma is to relieve the inflammatory response as soon as possible. But any treatment has little effect on already formed fibrous tissue. Once the inflammation disappears, the body absorbs some fibrous tissue and the skin can gradually soften again. Treatment mainly targets abnormalities of blood vessels, immunity and collagen, and is based on regulating immunity, anti-inflammatory, improving circulation, and inhibiting fibrosis. Local treatment is an important treatment method for localized scleroderma, such as acupuncture, tacrolimus ointment, polysulfonic acid mucopolysaccharide ointment, heparin sodium ointment, subcutaneous injection of Bo Zhizhi peptide, UAV-1 ultraviolet treatment, traditional Chinese medicine fumigation, Chinese medicine hand and foot bath. If the skin lesions pass through the joints, it is very important to maintain the joint extension movement. You can apply appropriate drugs to the lesions and perform deep connective tissue massage. If the legs are involved, the length of the two legs may be different, which leads to lameness, additional stretching of the back, hips, and knees, and cushioning the soles will work. Massage the damaged area with moisturizing cream to slow down the hardening of the skin. What is the prognosis of localized scleroderma? Plaque scleroderma often leaves only defects that affect the appearance of the skin. Linear scleroderma can have serious effects on children. They can have muscle loss and slow bone growth, and can cause joint stiffness and deformities. Therefore, patients with localized scleroderma should be detected and treated early.