Can a light diet lower cholesterol? The doctor refutes the rumors and reveals the misunderstanding of lowering blood lipids for you

Speaking of cholesterol, I remembered that I used to watch TV. There are often scenes in TV dramas in Hong Kong and Taiwan. When an old rich man wants to eat a piece of fat while eating, he will be stopped by his family immediately. The reason is that the doctor said the old rich man has high cholesterol. Don’t eat fatty foods, eat lightly. In reality, when talking about high cholesterol, everyone’s first reaction is high blood lipids, just a light diet! Is it really that simple? The reality is cruel, and it is still different from TV series. We found that although some people eat very lightly, their cholesterol is still “popular”. Let’s talk about this issue today. Cholesterol that is “Love and Hate” Although many people are very sensitive to elevated cholesterol and fear that high cholesterol may cause cardiovascular disease, there is no denying that cholesterol is still very important to us. It can promote the formation of bile acids in the body and participate in digestion and absorption. It is also an important component of cell membranes and maintains cell integrity. Moreover, the precursors of various hormones secreted in the human endocrine system such as sex hormones and adrenal cortex hormones are also cholesterol. Maintaining a certain level of cholesterol in the body is beneficial to the human body, it is like a “double-edged sword”, too high or too low levels will have adverse effects on the human body. Why is the cholesterol “popping” when the food is so light? In fact, the cholesterol in human blood mainly comes from the exogenous and endogenous pathways. The exogenous is mainly the absorption of cholesterol in food, accounting for about 25% of the total cholesterol; the endogenous mainly comes from the body’s synthesis, about It accounts for 75% of total cholesterol. Although food-derived cholesterol accounts for a small proportion of the total cholesterol content in the body, there are obvious individual differences in the ability to regulate cholesterol in each person, so dietary adjustment is needed to prevent hypercholesterolemia. Then why do some people eat very lightly, but their cholesterol still “explodes”? I think it is related to the following aspects. 1. Genetic factors are the same as other cardiovascular diseases. High cholesterol is also affected by genetic factors. There is a disease called familial hypercholesterolemia. The main clinical features are extremely high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and early-onset coronary heart disease. , And the disease progresses rapidly. Without timely treatment and intervention, the natural life span is only 20-30 years old. 2. The influence of bad lifestyle habits Although cholesterol intake has been controlled in diet, if other bad lifestyle habits, such as smoking, alcohol abuse, and inactivity, are not corrected, it will also cause lipid metabolism disorders in the body, leading to elevated cholesterol levels . 3. Decreased liver function In addition to increased production of high cholesterol in the body, it also includes decreased cholesterol clearance. Cholesterol in the blood is mainly metabolized by liver esterification, such as severe hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and other diseases that lead to liver function decline, and cholesterol esterification metabolism is impaired, which can also cause cholesterol to rise. 4. When biliary diseases such as biliary stones cause biliary obstruction, it will lead to obstruction of bile drainage, obstructive jaundice, and increase in cholesterol. In summary, the reason for high cholesterol is not just diet, the specific situation needs specific analysis! It is important to emphasize the importance of diagnosis and treatment by specialists. Since elevated cholesterol will lead to the occurrence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the risk of this disease will become higher and higher over time, so the “burst of cholesterol” must be paid attention to, and you should see a cardiovascular specialist as soon as possible. Identify the cause of the disease and promptly intervene in treatment. References: Chronic Disease Prevention and Control Branch of Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, Nutrition and Chronic Disease Control Branch of Chinese Nutrition Society, Cardiovascular Diseases Branch of Chinese Medical Association, China Cardiovascular Health Alliance. Scientific Statement on Understanding Cholesterol Correctly[J], “Chinese Medicine Frontier Magazine, 2016, 8(9): 17-18 (Part of the pictures in the text are from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. I would like to thank the author of the picture. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me. I will delete.)

Protect eyes from UV rays

The sun emits electromagnetic waves of different wavelengths, which are transmitted through the atmosphere to the surface of the earth. They are divided into visible light, such as the seven colors of the rainbow, and invisible light, including infrared and ultraviolet. Among them, ultraviolet light has a great impact on human health. A small amount of ultraviolet light can help the body produce vitamin D, but when exposed to large amounts, it may affect the body and even damage the health of the eyes. The effects of ultraviolet rays on the eyes can be divided into acute and chronic. Acute refers to the effect of a large amount of ultraviolet rays entering the eyes. Performing welding work, water skiing, skiing for several hours without wearing protective goggles, will burn the cornea due to exposure to a large amount of ultraviolet rays. The main symptoms are eye irritation, photophobia, tears, and red eyes. Chronic refers to eye diseases caused by UV damage over the years. Because ultraviolet rays have the chance to damage the health of the eyes, we should pay more attention to protect our eyes from ultraviolet rays. Try to avoid going out when the sun is strongest, and wear a hat or use an umbrella to shade when going out. You should also wear sunglasses when you are outdoors. One is to filter ultraviolet rays, and the other is to reduce the strong light from entering the eyes, making the eyes more comfortable to see. Sunglasses are used to protect the eyes from ultraviolet rays. Pay attention to the color of the lenses. Very dark ones are not necessarily the best, because the lenses also need to allow 10 to 30% of the light to penetrate, so that the eyes can see comfortably and naturally. Gray allows the color of all light to penetrate uniformly, which is a good choice. Brown and green are also good choices. Blue and purple allow more blue and violet light close to the ultraviolet wavelength, which is easy to damage the eyes. In terms of the design of the glasses, it is better to cover the eyes, which can prevent the eyes from being damaged by the ultraviolet rays refracted from all directions.

A light diet is not just about eating vegetables and not meat. The light diet described by the doctor is different from what you think.

When our body has problems, in addition to prescribing medicine, doctors often admonish one thing: light diet. So what is a light diet? Many people think that a light diet is porridge, and some people think that they only eat green vegetables and not meat. However, this is not the case. The doctor’s light diet is not the same as you think. 1. Light diet ≠ drinking white porridge ≠ eating only vegetables and not meat. Many people think that a light diet means that you can’t eat meat and can only be vegetarian. Porridge and side dishes are the top accompaniment, and the vegetables should be boiled and not greasy. In fact, always eating this kind of food that is too light and single can cause problems. Because the human body needs to replenish a lot of nutrients every day, if you only eat foods like boiled vegetables, people who are not sick will suffer from anemia, malnutrition, and decreased immunity. It is also extremely disadvantageous for patients who have just undergone surgery and need to maintain their health. 2. The concept of light diet Light diet is actually relative to high-sweet, high-fat, greasy, and heavy-tasting foods, so its standard is light taste, less oil, less salt, and less sugar. If the vegetables are fried with a lot of oil, they cannot be regarded as a light diet, so we cannot simply understand that eating vegetables is a light diet. A light diet is also very particular about cooking. It is necessary to retain the nutrients of the food as much as possible, reflect the original flavor, and ensure that the food is easy to digest. Therefore, among many cooking methods, we still prefer boiled, cold and steamed. The barbecue, frying, stir-frying and shabu-shabu that everyone likes so much is naturally not a light diet. 3. What is the “less” of less salt and less sugar? We mentioned above that you should pay attention to less oil, less salt and less sugar in your diet. We often say in diet programs and recipes that teach cooking, put a little sugar, then what is the concept of “less” and is there any standard? What? 1. Less salt. Many people think that the taste is heavy before serving. You don’t need to put oil in cooking, but you must add enough salt to taste. Especially the elderly, the daily salt intake is relatively high. However, eating too much salt is not good for the health. Adults should use no more than 5 grams of salt per day, otherwise it may cause diseases such as high blood pressure. 2. Less sugar and less oil. The daily sugar intake and oil intake of the human body should be controlled within 25 grams. You can test it with your own spoon if you are fine. 25 grams is about a few spoonfuls. There are counts. Many people like sweets and prefer to drink beverages. The sugar content in beverages is high. Long-term consumption may cause diabetes. The real light diet is based on maintaining balanced nutrition, comprehensive and reasonable, and diverse categories. Try to make simple cooking and light taste instead of bland boiled vegetables and white porridge. Do you understand?

Chongqing Vitiligo Hospital, can patients with vitiligo eat hot pot?

The weather is getting colder, do you start to love the steaming hot pot? For many people, the fascination with hot pot is not only delicious, but also that hot pot can hide people. Steaming hot pot makes it difficult to tell whether the diners are sad or happy. There are so many local hot pot restaurants in Chongqing that make every outsider who comes to Sichuan amazed. The streets and alleys are full of fires, the soup is boiling, and the smell of hot pot is floating in the misty air. But… can gluttonous vitiligo patients eat hot pot? Try DIY light hot pot. The doctor at Chongqing Vitiligo Hospital said that vitiligo is a skin disease caused by depigmentation on the skin. We know that some foods can affect the production of melanin, and hot pot tastes spicy, fresh and fragrant. Seafood, fish meat, etc. are food ingredients, which are fishy and cause wind, which can inhibit the production of melanin in the patient’s body, which is not conducive to the treatment of vitiligo. So, patients with vitiligo should eat less or not eat hot pot. But if you really want to eat it, you can make some light hot pot at home. Remember, it must be light. Of course, if you are a carnivore, you can also add some lean beef. Rabbit meat, pork, etc. Finally, the decoration of fresh fruits and green vegetables cannot be omitted. Doctors from Chongqing Vitiligo Hospital said diet tips for patients with vitiligo 1. Eat more nuts (ginkgo, walnuts, peanuts, sunflower seeds, chestnuts, lotus seeds, pumpkin seeds, pine nuts, watermelon seeds, almonds), beans and soy products, black sesame seeds, Animal liver, etc. 2. No fish, shrimp and seafood, no alcohol. It is not uncommon to see the onset, recurrence or aggravation of vitiligo caused by eating fish or drinking alcohol. It is common for some patients to be unable to strictly abstain from alcohol or seafood. Although they have been treated for a long time, their condition cannot be controlled. 3. Avoid excessive intake of vitamin C, do not eat or eat less foods rich in vitamin C such as tomatoes, apples, oranges, etc. 4. Do not overeat spicy and other irritating foods. 5. Children should change their partial eating habits.

The “light diet” referred to by the nephrologist is not just about eating less meat, it actually contains 8 aspects.

It is not only limited to friends with kidney disease. When people find themselves suffering from other diseases (such as diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperuricemia, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases) when they go to the hospital for treatment, doctors will require patients to maintain a “light diet.” As a nephrologist, the author often asks our nephropathy friends to adhere to a “light diet” for a long time. When it comes to “light diet”, one would think of eating less salt and meat, and don’t eat too greasy. However, is “light diet” really that simple? No! Either the doctor is too busy and has no time to speak more clearly, or some doctors don’t necessarily know the whole thing, or the doctor thinks the patient already knows it, etc. As a result, the patient is often confused about the “light diet”. The “light diet” referred to by the nephrologist is not just about eating less meat. In fact, it contains eight aspects. The “light diet” referred to by the nephrologist actually includes the following eight aspects. 1. Low-salt is the basic requirement for a light diet. Naturally, the taste must be light, that is, a low-salt diet must be ensured first, especially that the daily salt intake cannot exceed the standard, that is, the daily salt intake per person should be controlled at Within 6.0 grams (a beer cap), this is also the basic requirement for a light diet. The salt intake of most patients with kidney disease should be controlled at 4-6 grams, that is, about 5.0 grams. If there is obvious high blood pressure, or high blood pressure is difficult to control, or moderate to severe edema without true sodium deficiency, there are stricter low salt requirements, that is, the salt intake should be controlled at 2-4 grams per day. It needs to be added that the low-salt diet mentioned here is not as low as possible, and it is not possible to avoid salt at all. 2. Eat meat, less fat and less internal organs. Because many patients need a high-quality low-protein diet, and animal meat is mostly high-quality protein, kidney friends must eat less meat instead. In animal meats, white meats such as freshwater fish and poultry meat are high-quality protein and should be preferred; red meats such as pigs, cattle, and sheep are also rich in high-quality protein, and can also be supplemented with iron, and can also be used as a light diet meat supplement. White meat such as freshwater fish and poultry meat, and red meat such as pigs, cattle and sheep can be eaten, but the total amount must be controlled. In addition, it is necessary to eat less fatty meat, and eat less animal offal such as pork liver and pork kidneys, because fatty meat and animal offal are rich in cholesterol, purines and heavy metals. 3. Less oil, more vegetable oils. The requirement for using oil in a light diet is to use less oil, and should be based on vegetable oil, use less or no animal meat (meat oil) as much as possible, and drink less meat soup. Patients with kidney disease choose vegetable oils, while emphasizing diversification, that is, various vegetable oils should be used alternately, such as soybean oil, peanut oil, rapeseed oil, olive oil, and sunflower oil. They should be changed frequently. The total amount of cooking oil per person per day should not exceed 30 grams. 4. Cooking, steaming more and less grilling. Chinese have a variety of cooking methods, such as frying, roasting, roasting, steaming, boiling, etc., which can better satisfy people’s taste buds. However, frequent burning and roasting of heavy flavors is not conducive to protecting the kidneys, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular and physical health. More should choose the cooking method of steaming and boiling, and steaming and clearing, white-fried and quick-fried, etc. can well retain the original flavor and nutrients of the food, and do not need to add too many seasonings. In addition, in the process of steaming and boiling, you should learn to match other cellulose-rich vegetable ingredients, which can reduce the absorption of fat and cholesterol in the body. The vegetables to be matched can choose white radish, mushrooms and yam. 5. Staple foods should be combined with a light diet. Not only salt, meat, and cooking oil, but also staple foods, with special emphasis on eating less refined “fine grains” and foods rich in carbohydrates. Nowadays, obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes are increasing. These diseases can cause kidney disease, and they are all related to people’s excessive consumption of “fine grains.” The dietary guidelines suggest that people should choose coarse grains and fine grains to eat together. Coarse grains can choose corn, whole wheat flour and buckwheat, etc., with rice and noodles and other fine grains. 6. Egg and milk, good time to eat beans. Compared with high-quality proteins such as freshwater fish and poultry meat and red meat such as pigs, cattle and sheep, eggs and milk are better high-quality proteins, especially suitable for patients with kidney disease who need a light diet. , Because the bioavailability of eggs and milk is higher. These are all animal meat proteins. Although the protein of soybean and its products belongs to plant protein, different from other plant proteins, the protein of soybean and its products also belong to high-quality protein.

Vitiligo scenery treatment is getting whiter and lighter. Is the treatment counterproductive?

Clinically, phototherapy has a good effect and is a relatively common method of treating white spots. Generally speaking, white spots should become darker and darker after exposure. However, some patients consulted in the backstage: Why do my leukoplakia become “whiter” and more obvious the more I am exposed? Did light therapy have a counterproductive effect? In fact, by entering the corresponding keywords through a search engine, you can find that this situation is actually not uncommon, and many patients have similar questions. So, the doctors of Shenyang Vitiligo Treatment Hospital said why the light therapy for leukoplakia becomes more and more “white”? Patients with different physiques and improper use of phototherapy. There are many types of instruments used in clinical hospitals. Even with the same therapy, the lack of actual experience of the treatment operator will affect the treatment effect. In addition, the patient’s personal physique causes dry skin, redness and swelling. There are also blisters that can cause homomorphic reactions, causing the disease to worsen, and the white spots become more and more “white” and “bigger”. Therefore, we always emphasize: once the condition is found, you should go to a regular hospital for treatment. Under the guidance of an experienced doctor, combined with your own condition, choosing a suitable treatment plan can avoid this occurrence well. Tips: Combination of Chinese and Western medicine is currently a more effective way to treat vitiligo, which can control the development of the disease and promote the recovery of pigment. In addition, literature reports indicate that combined treatment of vitiligo can increase the recolor rate by about 30%-50% compared with single treatment. Another situation is that phototherapy causes the visual phenomenon that the more vitiligo is cured, the “whiter” it becomes. The “white” you see is not “white”. Seeing is not necessarily true. You are going through a process of phototherapy. Phototherapy uses artificial ultraviolet rays to select the effective wavelength band for vitiligo treatment to achieve the purpose of treatment. This operation is to promote the proliferation and inward crawling of melanocytes around the leukoplakia. Then, after a period of time, the skin around the leukoplakia will appear darker than before the light (similar to the sun-tanned skin). With the naked eye, the leukoplakia “seems” to be more obvious and whiter than before the treatment, but in fact, this is a normal phenomenon of treatment, so don’t worry too much, because this “white” is not really “white”. Pay special attention, if the leukoplakia is on the hands and feet, the patient should be patient and follow the course of treatment. In summary, the doctors at Chongqing Vitiligo Treatment Hospital said that they found that their vitiligo became more “white” as the light was on. Don’t panic. Instead, you should calmly identify the cause before you can “prescribe the right medicine”! Usually, phototherapy is performed under the guidance of a doctor, and the treatment effect of leukoplakia is mostly positive, so there is no need to worry too much. After all, maintaining a relaxed and happy mood is also a major reason for the improvement of vitiligo!

Great heat, great heat! Vitiligo patients pay attention to heatstroke prevention

“Small summer heat is not too hot, big summer dog days” Dashu is the last solar term in summer. The summer heat is hot, and the great heat is extremely hot. The air humidity is high, the air pressure is low, and there is a “stuffy” above the extreme heat, which forms a “sauna day” for people to stay in the air, and it is even greater for patients with vitiligo. Troubles. The pathogenesis of vitiligo is complicated. High temperature in summer, strong ultraviolet rays, diet and other factors will stimulate the appearance and development of vitiligo. Remind the majority of patients with vitiligo to do a good job in summer health care, pay attention to sun protection, and beware of heat stroke. In the hot summer, patients with vitiligo are advised to eat more foods &quot.bitter&quot. In the hot summer, patients with vitiligo are prone to loss of appetite. When eating, they should pay attention to lightness, and eating too light can easily affect their physical fitness. Many patients with vitiligo have a light summer diet. There is a literal understanding of the principle, light thinking that only vegetables and fruits are eaten. Director Bai Shufang reminded that if you have a light diet and pay attention to nourishment, the summer diet of patients with vitiligo should pay attention to nutritional balance, because the heat will make people’s metabolic capacity relatively poor, and any kind of nutrient must be ingested in order to be light and not accounted for Fishy fish tends to reduce the ability of patients with vitiligo to resist high temperature and disease. If they have a bad appetite, they should wear more bitterness. It is most suitable for summer heat. The alkaloids in bitter foods have the function of relieving heat and reducing heat. So, which foods contain “bitter”? Vegetables and wild vegetables are the majority, such as lettuce, lettuce, celery, fennel, coriander, bitter gourd, radish leaves, moss and so on. Director Bai Shufang pointed out that eating bitter food during the summer season can not only clear up the worries of patients with vitiligo, refresh the brain, but also increase appetite, strengthen the spleen and stomach. However, it is best to use an appropriate amount or it hurts the stomach. Protection against severe heat, patients with vitiligo beware of the “overcast heat” that hurts people during the heat. Many patients with vitiligo often spend a long time in an air-conditioned room during the day, and go to the courtyard or stream and river to rest at night. Some patients with vitiligo sweat after work or exercise I also like to take a bath immediately with cold water, or drink a lot of cold drinks. What’s more, people simply sleep on a mat outside, but after waking up, they often experience nausea, headache or a feeling of heaviness, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat and dry throat. Symptoms such as sore limbs, hot skin without sweating, and some are accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting, diarrhea, etc. These symptoms are the manifestations of “yin heat syndrome” in Chinese medicine. In order to prevent “yin heat syndrome”, we must be careful not to be too cold, do not sleep on the street or use electric fans, air conditioners all night, and also pay attention to refraining from eating and drinking, and avoid taking cold showers immediately after sweating, so as to avoid aggravation of vitiligo. Summer is the golden period for the treatment of vitiligo, which can have a better therapeutic effect. Patients should seize the advantages of the human body’s various mechanisms and functions in summer, fast metabolism and good drug absorption, and go to the hospital for scientific and standardized diagnosis, accurate treatment of vitiligo, and early recovery of health.

Rejuvenating skin, making the beauty of women easier

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Water rejuvenation makes the beauty of a woman simpler…  I believe that the little fairies who love beauty should be very familiar with water rejuvenation. After all, water rejuvenation is very hot. The aunts who set up on the roadside know that, don’t tell me you don’t know, women who have been treated with water and skin rejuvenation have become more beautiful, and their temperament is better. So, why does water rejuvenation make women simple and beautiful? Let’s take the road to solving water rejuvenation:   water rejuvenation, make your skin look like water and water rejuvenation is Injecting hyaluronic acid into the skin has the effect of deep hydration, and the effect is obvious!   Shuiguang Rejuvenation introduces nutrition essence into the deep layer of the skin in a deep, uniform and quantitative way. It is said that the effect is more effective than applying 1000 pieces of mask. This face skin is injected. The skin rejuvenation will become watery, tender and tender.  So, does water light skin rejuvenation hurt?   Shui light skin rejuvenation uses facial anesthetics before injection. The pain during injection is small. I only feel that the skin is watery and tender, and there will be no obvious pain. So, what is the role of water light skin rejuvenation?   Shui light conditioning absorption, allowing the skin to absorb a lot of nutrients, stimulate itself to produce enough collagen, and then re-compensate the original lost hyaluronic acid back, lock in more water molecules, so that the skin Long-lasting youthful firming, moisturizing and smooth! Are you still troubled by your dry, dehydrated skin, come to Hangzhou to let the water and skin rejuvenate and moisturize your skin’s face, light and tender skin easily, heart It’s better to act, let’s do the skin rejuvenation injection together.

Farewell: If you want to stabilize platelets, you should pay attention to these 6 points in your diet

Xie Bie Lu’s studio WeChat add369456 said that thrombocytopenia often bleeds. It costs money to see a doctor and take medicine. Every day you need to be careful when eating. In fact, there is only one principle for the diet of patients with thrombocytopenia: to ensure nutrition and avoid individual foods. In order to facilitate everyone’s memory and operation, we divided this general principle into these points. Taking lightness as the main principle, it is divided into the following points. When cooking, avoid too spicy, too salty, too oily. 1. Seasoned with less salt and less spicy. It is recommended that adults consume no more than 6 grams of salt per day. In daily cooking, you can add salt when the dishes are coming out of the pan to ensure the taste and reduce the amount of salt. In addition to salt, freshness-enhancing products such as monosodium glutamate and chicken essence, as well as all salty condiments such as soy sauce and bean paste, also contain large amounts of sodium and should be eaten less. Appropriate eating spicy can increase appetite, but too spicy is easy to stimulate the digestive system, causing people to get angry, mouth ulcers, constipation and other problems, affecting metabolism. 2. A small amount of oil. A light diet requires less oil and more variety. Peanut oil, rice bran oil, tea seed oil, low erucic acid rapeseed oil, refined olive oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil, etc. are best eaten frequently, and the daily cooking oil is preferably 25-30 grams. 3. Cooking is commonly used for cooking. More methods such as quick frying, stewing, steaming, boiled, etc. are used to maximize the preservation of the original taste and nutrition of the food. You also need to learn a variety of ingredients, for example, meat is best cooked with low-fat, high-fiber bacteria and algae ingredients, which can reduce the absorption of fat and cholesterol in the body. 4. Eat meat “white” and “lean” mainly. Fatty fat has a high fat content, which can easily affect the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health. Lean meat should be the main choice, and pork belly should be selected less. Compared with livestock meat, white meat such as fish and poultry has relatively low fat content and high unsaturated fatty acid content, especially fish, which plays an important role in preventing dyslipidemia and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The meat should be fish and poultry. 5. Control sugar intake. Broadly speaking, a light diet also includes eating less high-sugar foods. It is recommended that the daily intake of added sugar be controlled below 50 grams, preferably no more than 25 grams. Added sugar includes white sugar, rock sugar, brown sugar, etc., as well as fructose, glucose, fructose syrup, etc. in desserts, sugary drinks, etc., they will stimulate the rise of insulin levels, accelerate fat synthesis, and endanger health. How should the blood coagulation function be improved? On the one hand, we can improve the blood clotting function by eating more fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins C and K, such as eating seaweed, broccoli, carrots, broccoli, spinach, cabbage, pumpkin, etc.; on the other hand, Protect the liver that manufactures blood coagulation factors, try not to smoke and drink alcohol, exercise some sports properly every day, pay attention to drink plenty of water, and do not eat cold, spicy and irritating food.

Case analysis of thalassemia in pregnant women

A few days ago, a pregnant woman with a big belly came to the institute with great anxiety and asked anxiously: &quot.Doctor, my test report said that I have thalassemia, I heard that the disease will be inherited, is my BB anything wrong? Can it be born? What will happen to his body in the future? How should I do? &quot.A series of questions made her very uneasy. Indeed, Guangdong is a high incidence area of ​​thalassemia (thalassaemia for short), and there are countless patients with such concerns. Therefore, there is a certain understanding of thalassaemia. In fact, many types of thalassaemia are not as terrible as people think. Thalassemia is indeed an inherited blood disease. The incidence rate in Guangdong is nearly 10%. Thalassaemia is mainly divided into two categories, one is due to the reduction of hemoglobin α chain synthesis, called α-thalassaemia, and the other is due to the reduction of hemoglobin β chain synthesis, called β-thalassaemia. Both types of thalassaemia are divided into heavy and light, and the main impact on health is heavy thalassaemia. Severe α-thalassemia is mostly in the fetal period, and dies immediately after birth or shortly after birth. The fetus has edema throughout the body, a large belly, and a particularly large placenta, so it is also called “quoted edema fetal syndrome”. Severe β-thalassemia is more common in children, and no abnormalities can be seen at birth. Only a few months after birth, the sick child slowly appears pale, dull expression, dementia-shaped face, dysplasia, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly. The condition of the child quickly worsens, and often depends on continuous blood transfusion to maintain life. Unless bone marrow transplantation, it usually dies at a few years old, so severe thalassemia patients are rarely seen in adults. Most thalassemias found in adults during blood tests are mild, and occasionally intermediate types between heavy and light. Intermediate anemia is improved by blood transfusion when severe. Patients with mild thalassaemia are usually asymptomatic or only mildly anemic, and often have no effect on life and work, and generally do not need treatment, so most of them are found through blood examination during physical examination. One of the two DNAs encoding the synthetic hemoglobin chain in patients with mild thalassemia has a problem, and the other is normal. It can often synthesize enough normal hemoglobin chains without showing obvious anemia, but it is a carrier of the thalassemia gene. Therefore, it is possible to inherit the disease to the next generation. The inheritance law is: a patient with mild thalassaemia marries a normal person, and the child has a half chance of being mild thalassaemia, but if he marries another patient with the same type of mild thalassaemia , Their children have 1/4 chance of being normal, 1/2 chance is mild thalassaemia, 1/4 chance is heavy thalassaemia. There are some wrong views about thalassaemia: some people think that thalassaemia is related to the sex of their children; some people think that the first child is abnormal and the chance of abnormal second child is lower or higher; some people think that they can pass Body care to reduce the chance of getting sick; some people think that using artificial insemination or test-tube babies can screen for normal sperm eggs and reduce the chance of fetal illness. In fact, the only way to reduce the incidence of thalassaemia is through thalassaemia screening in marriage and obstetric examinations, the purpose is to prevent the emergence of heavy thalassaemia. Marriage inspection can detect whether both parties have thalassaemia before marriage, try to avoid two patients with the same type of mild thalassaemia getting married, this is the best way to prevent the next generation of severe thalassaemia. If both married couples have mild thalassaemia, they need to pass the obstetric examination, and go to the hospital to take amniotic fluid for prenatal diagnosis in the early pregnancy (2-4 months), combined with B-ultrasound examination, to determine whether the fetus is normal, to prevent severe thalassemia The child was born. The pregnant woman who came to the institute for consultation only had mild thalassaemia, and her husband was completely normal, so the fetus would not suffer from severe thalassaemia. There was a 50% chance of normal children, and a 50% chance of being mild thalassaemia like her.

How to simply control the diet and nutrition of diabetics? Dietitian will help you

Diabetes is a disorder in which the body metabolizes sugar metabolites. Hyperglycemia is caused by defective insulin secretion or impaired biological action or both. Diabetes generally has a long-term high blood sugar, which causes chronic damage and dysfunction of various tissues, especially eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, and nerves. The main symptoms of diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia. Patients often feel thirsty and hungry. Generally, once diagnosed with diabetes, no matter whether the symptoms are serious, or whether oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin injections, diet control therapy should be carried out. For mild diabetes, after diet control, without injections and medication, the condition will be stable, and it is better if it can be sustained. You can reduce the amount of food you eat every day, or you can eat less. For light diabetes, the food intake should be treated differently according to the patient’s weight, illness, and nature of work. For light diabetic rest, the daily staple food should be controlled at about 5 two, and the daily staple food for moderate physical workers should be controlled at about 7 two. After controlling the intake of staple food for light diabetes, patients will feel hungry and unbearable, so they can eat more cabbage, celery, tomato, eggplant and other vegetables. They can eat one and a half to two pounds a day to replace part of the staple food. But avoid eating vegetables with a lot of sugar. Such as carrots. For light diabetes, do not eat sugar and high-sugar drinks, snacks and fruits. For mild diabetes, usually eat more protein and fat. The average adult protein intake is 1 gram per kilogram of body weight per day. Those with weight loss can eat 1.5 grams. Usually, chicken, duck, fish, eggs, and lean can be properly selected. Foods rich in protein, such as meat and soy products. Fat intake is not too much, and does not need to be excessively restricted, generally 50 to 60 grams per day is appropriate, obese people should also be appropriately reduced. For severe diabetic patients, the proportion and amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the diet should be strictly controlled. For severe diabetic patients should quit smoking and alcohol. The treatment of diabetes is closely related to diet control. Only by reasonably controlling the diet and persevering can significant effects be achieved.

How to simply control the diet and nutrition of diabetics? Dietitian will help you

Diabetes is a disorder in which the body metabolizes sugar metabolites. Hyperglycemia is caused by defective insulin secretion or impaired biological action or both. Diabetes generally has a long-term high blood sugar, which causes chronic damage and dysfunction of various tissues, especially eyes, kidneys, heart, blood vessels, and nerves. The main symptoms of diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia. Patients often feel thirsty and hungry. Generally, once diagnosed with diabetes, no matter whether the symptoms are serious, or whether oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin injections, diet control therapy should be carried out. For mild diabetes, after diet control, without injections and medication, the condition will be stable, and it is better if it can be sustained. You can reduce the amount of food you eat every day, or you can eat less. For light diabetes, the food intake should be treated differently according to the patient’s weight, illness, and nature of work. For light diabetic rest, the daily staple food should be controlled at about 5 two, and the daily staple food for moderate physical workers should be controlled at about 7 two. After controlling the intake of staple food for light diabetes, patients will feel hungry and unbearable, so they can eat more cabbage, celery, tomato, eggplant and other vegetables. They can eat one and a half to two pounds a day to replace part of the staple food. But avoid eating vegetables with a lot of sugar. Such as carrots. For light diabetes, do not eat sugar and high-sugar drinks, snacks and fruits. For mild diabetes, usually eat more protein and fat. The average adult protein intake is 1 gram per kilogram of body weight per day. Those with weight loss can eat 1.5 grams. Usually, chicken, duck, fish, eggs, and lean can be properly selected. Foods rich in protein, such as meat and soy products. Fat intake is not too much, and does not need to be excessively restricted, generally 50 to 60 grams per day is appropriate, obese people should also be appropriately reduced. For severe diabetic patients, the proportion and amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein in the diet should be strictly controlled. For severe diabetic patients should quit smoking and alcohol. The treatment of diabetes is closely related to diet control. Only by reasonably controlling the diet and persevering can significant effects be achieved.

How is photosensitive skin disease classified?

How is photosensitive skin disease classified? Optical linear dermatosis is acute or chronic damage caused by light irradiating the skin. Generally divided into narrow and broad categories. The former refers to people who have suffered too much light energy or the body’s own low tolerance to light stimulation. The latter refers to the fact that some skin diseases are stimulated or aggravated by light during their occurrence and development. 1.&nbsp. Caused by strong light energy, such as sunburn. 2.&nbsp. Due to light-sensitive substances: food-related, such as loach-solar dermatitis, plant-solar dermatitis. With chemicals. The medicines are used topically for external use, such as cosmetics, oils, dyes, coal tar, etc., or for internal use, such as sulfonamides, tetracyclines, phenothiazines, etc. 3.&nbsp. Skin damage caused by long-term sun exposure, such as farmers’ skin, seafarers’ skin, or photokeratosis. 4.&nbsp. Congenital genetic related, such as vaccinia-like blisters. 5.&nbsp. Related to metabolism, such as niacin deficiency. 6.&nbsp.Because the light promotes or aggravates, such as chloasma, lupus erythematosus, keratosis of hair follicle, etc. How to prevent photosensitive skin disease? 1. Avoid direct sunlight and reflected light: Window glass can only filter UVB, some diseases are sensitive to UVA, even visible light, including ordinary fluorescent lamps, and they must be absolutely protected from light. Identify photosensitizers as much as possible, and avoid contact, exposure or taking again in daily life and work environment. 2.&nbsp. Use of sunscreen agent: It requires high photoprotective index (SPF), stable and long-lasting effect, no toxicity and metamorphosis, and easy to use. 3.&nbsp. Drug treatment: Vitamin B family, especially nicotinamide (NAA) oral administration can reduce skin photosensitizing effect; 4.&nbsp. Others: PUVA therapy, solar radiation, UVB and UVA phototherapy etc. for some polymorphic sun rashes , Persistent light response and actinic reticulosis are effective. &nbsp.

How to avoid overwork?

1. First of all, you must have a sense of health, care about yourself, set up a flag for yourself, set yourself a small health goal, and then stick to it. 2. Learn to combine work and rest, and maintain an appropriate amount of exercise. Appropriately include two meanings, one is to find a suitable way of exercise; the second is to get the right amount, and to insist. If you are really busy with work and don’t have a lot of time to exercise, you can walk to work and walk vigorously. It is best to sweat a little. You should insist on it. Any exercise will show up when it accumulates for 300 hours. Effect. 3. Eat regularly and lightly. Regular means eating as much as possible on time. Don’t get too full or too hungry. Eat eight times every time, concentrate on eating, and don’t look at your phone! Chew slowly and abstain from snacking. Lightness refers to a diet with low sugar, low fat, high fiber, and high-quality protein, and it is best to use grains as the main food. Polysaccharides, more salt, less fruit, less miscellaneous grains), drinking water in moderation. 4. Ensure adequate sleep, you can promote sleep in various ways, the most important thing is to relax before going to bed, do not think too much or do vigorous exercise, take a hot bath, bubble feet, you can try the United States Navy fast sleep method http://t.cn/A6AeWowQ, take some medicine to promote sleep when necessary 5. If there is really no time to exercise, you can change the idea: do housework! Studies have shown that heavy housework (including vacuuming, floor cleaning, mopping floors, glass cleaning, car washing, moving furniture, etc.) can reduce male all-cause mortality and cancer mortality, and more importantly, improve family relationships . Little friends, move together and refused to work hard!

Do you know the risks hidden in a light diet?

Instead of eating a light diet during the “weight loss” process? If you eat like this every day, you may be in danger. A greasy diet is the main culprit that causes fatty liver and “three high” diseases, so more and more people are completely ruptured from meat, and advocating lightness is health. For this view, we can only say: the ideal is full, the reality is very skinny. It is recommended to have a light diet, but it is indispensable! ! ! Wouldn’t there be “three highs” if you are a vegetarian? Can you be healthy and live longer by being a vegetarian? Can vegan cure constipation? First of all, we should make the point clear: we suggest that everyone eat a light diet, but most people will overdo it if they are not careful, and they will go from one extreme to the other without being tainted. Experts from the Nutrition and Food Safety Institute of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention pointed out that the nutritional status of the elderly in my country is worrying, and more than half of the elderly are at risk of malnutrition. my country has conducted nutritional surveys of people over 65 years of age in five cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing, and Chengdu in accordance with internationally accepted screening standards for malnutrition. The survey found that more than 50% of people are at risk of malnutrition. These five cities are all cities with better development and higher living standards, and the situation in rural areas is even more severe. Being vegetarian every day and being careful to get sick with a good appetite and strong mouth are basically the common characteristics of all long-lived elderly people. This also reflects the importance of eating for health, every day coarse tea and light rice, be careful not to get sick when eating! 1. In case of minor illness, it is easy to fall down to be a vegetarian, which means insufficient protein and fat intake. Without protein, there is no life. If the food is too light, it will be bad for a long time, and it will easily fall down in case of a small illness. The anabolic capacity of the elderly is declining, but catabolism is increasing. If the diet is poor, pure vegetarianism will lead to malnutrition. When the protein supply is insufficient, the immune system’s immunoglobulin will be reduced, so that the body’s ability to resist foreign hazards, especially pathogenic microorganisms, is reduced, and it is more likely to be infected with influenza and various diseases, and even increase the risk of cancer. 2. People who are more prone to aging because of the reduction in protein intake will accelerate the aging of the skin, resulting in the decline of female ovarian function, premature ovarian aging, may have amenorrhea and menstrual disorders and endocrine disorders, these problems make women more likely senescence. 3. There may still be “three high” fish, meat, egg and milk that can’t be eaten in one bite, and can only be “made up” by starch (sugar), oil, salt, and these things, plus the refined white staple food eats much, over time, originally healthy The diet has transformed into a “three high” nutrition. 4. Cause gallstone research: It is found that people who are vegetarians for a long time are more likely to suffer from gallstones, especially the elderly, because the reduction of meat consumption is more likely to cause gallstones. 5. Constipation only eats boiled food, or only fruits. There is no “oil water” in the intestines. In case of insufficient food intake, the gastrointestinal motility slows down. The moisture of the crude fiber food is absorbed by the intestines, and the intestines dry out, making it easier Cause constipation. Of course, the right way is laxative. You can soak the vegetables in boiling water for a few minutes. The time should not be too long. Using a little oil will not only relieve the bowels, but also reduce the loss of water-soluble vitamins and reduce the oxalic acid and other ingredients in the vegetables to avoid affecting protein and calcium Absorption. Healthy recipes recommend not to treat meat as a tiger, or superstition of crude tea and light rice, comprehensive nutrition, and reasonable diet is a good eating habit. 1. Food is counted as a “fist”. Meat is not only an important source of calcium, vitamin D and various trace elements, but also an important source of organic matter in the bone matrix such as collagen, proteoglycan, and lipids. Do n’t overdose, the specific criteria are as follows: eat no more than one fist every day, including fish, poultry, eggs, and meat; there is also a recipe for eating meat-eating animals is better than eating poultry It is better to eat poultry than fish. If you can’t eat fish every day, you can change to eat fish 2 or 3 times a week. Usually, you should eat white meat as much as possible, such as poultry and fish, and eat less red meat, such as pigs, cattle, and lamb. It is recommended to eat 2 ~ 4 eggs per week. What is the right amount of red meat? The index finger and middle finger of one hand are stretched out, and the other fingers make a fist. The volume of meat eaten every day is the size of a fist with two fingers removed. People who do n’t eat meat can also choose eggs, milk and other alternative meats to supply animal protein to meet the needs of the body and maintain nutritional balance. Two punches of cereals eat two fist-sized grains every day, including coarse grains, mixed beans and potatoes; two punches of beans and dairy products guarantee two fists a day