Leg cramps during pregnancy are not unfamiliar to pregnant mothers, especially when sleeping at night. I fell asleep very hard at night, and I was suddenly awakened by a cramping pain, and there was no drowsiness. In severe cases, I could have cramps several times a night. I stretched casually in the morning and my legs cramped again. It was really miserable! Many pregnant mothers think that leg cramps are caused by calcium deficiency, and calcium supplementation can alleviate cramps, but that is not necessarily! Causes of leg cramps during pregnancy: 1. Cold calves If the quilt covered during sleep is too thin or the legs and feet are exposed to the outside, the calf muscles are prone to cramps under the stimulation of the cold. The muscles of the calf are more sensitive to cold stimulation. Now that the weather is getting colder and the legs are neglected to keep warm, it is easy to cause the leg muscles to convulse due to cold stimulation.  .2. Overworked. The body of a pregnant mother during pregnancy can no longer be as light as before. With a big belly, the legs naturally bear more gravity. If you walk or stand for a long time, the leg muscles It will be in a state of fatigue, which will naturally cause muscle cramps. Therefore, cramps may also occur because of this.  .3. When calcium deficiency arrives during pregnancy, pregnant mothers have an increased demand for calcium. Don’t forget that the calcium needed for fetal baby’s bone growth is drawn from the mother’s body. If the pregnant mother does not notice, it is easy to lack calcium, thereby increasing the excitability of the body’s muscles, leading to muscle contraction and cramping. And do pregnant mothers think that cramps mostly happen at night? That’s because the blood calcium level at night is lower than that during the day, and the body is more prone to low calcium. How to prevent leg cramps during pregnancy 1. Adjust your lifestyle and keep warm. Now winter is here and the weather is getting colder. Pregnant mothers should pay attention to keeping their feet warm during sleep, especially before going to bed. Don’t let the calves blow cold! Moreover, it is best to adopt a side-lying position during sleep, so that not only the breathing of pregnant mothers and fetuses is good, but also the discomfort caused by cramps can be reduced. When lying flat, you can slightly padded your feet to relax the calf muscles. 2. The diet pays attention to calcium supplementation. Pregnant mothers should eat more calcium-rich foods, such as milk, dairy products, ribs, dried fish, etc., and also increase vitamins, especially vitamin D intake, or pay attention Expose to the sun to promote calcium absorption. Secondly, pregnant mothers can also drink freshly squeezed juices such as orange juice, guava juice or tomato juice to help replenish minerals and prevent cramps. 3. Hot compress massage is also effective. When pregnant mothers sleep at night with leg cramps, the father-to-be can help with hot compress and massage, which can effectively relieve the pain caused by leg cramps. There will be various physical changes during pregnancy. Leg cramps can be easily dealt with with these 3 coups. If you don’t know what to do with other aspects of your body during pregnancy, you can consult the Far East Maternity Hospital.  .The Far East Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital is a designated tertiary specialist hospital of Shenzhen Medical Insurance. The obstetrics department is one of the key departments of the hospital. Doctors, nutritionists and midwives with decades of clinical experience form a strong obstetric team to escort the health of mothers and babies.  . .
A lot of times, people are used to linking back cramps to calcium deficiency. However, in addition to calcium deficiency or cold, elderly leg cramps may also be caused by arteriosclerosis. Because when the arteriosclerosis hardens, blood circulation will be blocked and blood supply will be reduced. Metabolites of poor blood flow cannot be taken away in time. When a certain concentration is reached, it will stimulate muscle contraction and cause pain and cramps. In addition, arteriosclerosis can lead to reduced blood flow, reduced blood supply, local tissue ischemia and hypoxia, physiological and biochemical functions are disrupted, causing pain and cramps. Arteriosclerosis is commonly seen in patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. If calcium supplementation does not improve the symptoms of frequent leg cramps at night, you should be alert to whether it is caused by arteriosclerosis. What are the early symptoms of arteriosclerosis? 1. Arteriosclerosis can cause intermittent claudication. That is, when walking, I feel sore in my calf after a short walk, and I need to rest for a while before I can walk again. This is because the rest blood flow is sufficient, and the ischemic condition is improved. Early-stage patients may walk longer distances, but as the condition worsens, the duration of continuous walking will become shorter and shorter, and even pain in bed rest. 2. Lower extremity arteriosclerosis obliterans often only occur in one leg, so the temperature of the two legs of the patient will be significantly different. While the temperature is normal, the other side is very cold. In addition, one foot can feel the pulse beating, but the leg that has arteriosclerosis can’t. Once you find arteriosclerosis in the lower extremities, you should immediately pay attention to it, because this time it has been explained that arteriosclerosis has caused insufficient blood supply. If the blood vessel wall is damaged and the blood flow is slow to form a thrombus, it will cause severe ischemia of the limbs, and even black necrosis of the calves and toes. People with high incidence of arteriosclerosis, in addition to the corresponding antihypertensive, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic treatment, should also pay attention to protect the limbs to avoid cold and damp. Diet should ensure reasonable nutrition, reduce the intake of fat and excess calories, and properly eat high-calcium foods such as beans and fish and fruits and vegetables. It is recommended that foot washing with hot water every day can promote local blood circulation and reduce the occurrence of arteriosclerosis. Of course, perseverance in exercise is also conducive to speeding up blood flow, and also has the effect of preventing arteriosclerosis, while also enhancing physical fitness.
Many people, especially the elderly, often have calf cramps when they fall asleep at night. When cramps are like acupuncture, it is very painful, the pain is unbearable, and they can’t move for a while. Moreover, one person’s leg cramps and the whole family was restless all night. Leg cramps are generally calf cramps. Calf cramps, a medical term, is called “gastrocnemius spasm”. When it comes to leg cramps, people always think it must be due to calcium deficiency. In fact, not all calf cramps are caused by calcium deficiency. So, what causes leg cramps? What causes leg cramps? (1) Calcium deficiency leg cramps are also closely related to calcium deficiency, because calcium ions play a vital role in the process of muscle contraction. If the calcium ion concentration in the blood is too low, the muscles are easily excited and cramped. Especially pregnant women and adolescents are particularly prone to calcium deficiency, so they often have leg cramps. (2) Muscle fatigue or cold stimulates vigorous exercise, excessive sweating, excessive fatigue, local compression (improper sleeping posture), etc., electrolyte loss is more, can also cause leg cramps. Cold stimulation: We all know that the fat layer under the epidermis of human feet is thin, and the cold resistance is relatively weak. The feet are prone to cold in cold seasons. As the so-called “cold starts from the bottom of the feet”, once the feet are cold, they may stimulate the muscles of the legs Causes contraction, which causes leg cramps. (3) Vascular disease, vasculitis, severe atherosclerosis, or lumbar disc herniation, etc., may result in decreased blood supply to the legs, poor blood flow, and cannot take away metabolic waste. When metabolic waste reaches a certain concentration, Will stimulate muscle contraction and cause leg cramps. Some older people have degenerative changes in the spine. Due to compression of the spinal nerve roots and decreased blood flow, it can cause leg cramps. How to prevent leg cramps? (1) Diet prevention Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, because in fact, often cramps, it is probably because the body lacks potassium and other electrolytes, such as bananas, oranges and other fruits, which are rich in potassium, which can help prevent muscle cramps Cramps caused by long-term nervous tension can relieve symptoms by eating fresh fruits such as bananas and oranges. Laver is rich in magnesium, and eating more laver can also prevent leg cramps caused by such electrolyte deficiency. (2) Prevention and treatment of vascular diseases: actively prevent and treat vascular diseases (such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, etc.), keep the blood circulation smooth, enhance the blood supply of the heart, avoid arteriosclerosis, and conduct regular physical examinations, which is effective in preventing and treating calf cramps Measures. (3) Strengthen physical exercise: Move more legs and walk more, so that the legs can get very good exercise, can promote blood circulation of the legs, and help eliminate or relieve leg cramps. In short, occasional leg cramps are not a big problem. If you often have leg cramps, you must pay attention to it. You can’t just add calcium blindly. The best way is to go to the hospital to consult a doctor to find out the reason, and you can rest assured. In addition, we should also pay attention to cold and warmth, drink plenty of water, not excessive fatigue, drink more milk and appropriate calcium supplementation, etc., this can also relieve leg cramps caused by different reasons to a certain extent. (Part of the picture source network in the article, the copyright belongs to the original author, thank you for the picture author, if you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me, I will delete it.)
Leg cramps are very common during pregnancy. The specific cause is not yet clear. Many people think that it is related to calcium deficiency, but there is no clear evidence so far. However, we can take the following measures to prevent: 1. Usually pay attention to exercise, if the examination is normal, the body does not have any discomfort, insist on exercise every day; 2, balanced diet nutrition, vegetables, fruits, egg milk, whole milk Products, beans and soy products, nuts, melon seeds, fish and shrimps are balanced intake, food contains a variety of vitamins and minerals; 3 intake of sufficient water, ensure that the daily intake of about 1.5-2 liters of water , Keep your muscles full of water, and do n’t wait for thirst before drinking. 4. Choose shoes that are comfortable and fit. When sleeping, you can put a soft cushion under the calf to relax the calf. 6. It is also good to use hot water bubble feet before bed to let your lover massage the legs. 7. When leg cramps occur, straighten the legs, bend the cramped feet, let the ankles and toes move upwards, and massage the affected leg.