Help children grow up, lay the foundation for a colorful childhood, psychological adjustment of the first-year entrance strategy

From kindergarten to elementary school is an important turning point in children’s growth. They will face many changes in their identity, role, learning style, learning environment, etc. This is full of challenges for 6-year-old children. How to change the role, open the “primary school parent” mode, and help children to do a good job in the connection between the stages is a “problem” that parents of new students urgently need to overcome in the near future. Today, Brother Zhilin will send you a psychological adaptation guide to solve your worries. 1. How to prepare for psychological adaptation to school. 1. Children in kindergartens use game activities as the main form of learning. When they arrive in elementary school, they will be replaced by formal subject courses. The original learning in games, playing in learning, has become up to 40 minutes of classroom teaching and needs to be completed every day Parents can consciously train their children to sit down quietly. The starting time can be 20 minutes, and then gradually extend it later, without rushing. At the same time, you can assign some small “tasks”, such as letting him read picture books, draw some pictures, etc., and cultivate the habit of single-minded, silent, standing up and walking, and concentration when doing these things. 2. Parents can tell their children how they felt when they were in elementary school, including some interesting anecdotes, etc., and they can also ask their better brothers and sisters to talk about the fun of learning in elementary school, campus activities, etc., so that children can realize the difference between elementary school and kindergarten Different, in this way, it not only eliminates the unfamiliar feeling of elementary school in the children, but also inspires the children to love the school and yearn for the passion of elementary school life. At the same time, we should say more encouraging words for those children who are a little worried, such as “You will know more good friends in school, and there will be more teachers to teach you. If you encounter difficulties, teachers And your classmates will help you, because they are your good friends.” Wait, dispel his worries. Avoid the rejection of children after they go to elementary school. 2. Develop good living habits. 1. Develop a good habit of going to bed early and getting up early. Many children can’t get up in the morning, or even have time to eat breakfast. As a result, in the third class, they are not full of energy, which causes dizziness and stomach pain. 2. The books and stationery in the schoolbag and the items to be brought should be packed by the child. Over-organization will cause children to form the wrong thoughts of dependence. We should prepare school supplies together with the children. One is to let the child experience the happy process of becoming a student, and the other is to let the child know that learning is his own business from now on and cultivate himself. The thing should be a habit of doing it yourself. Teach the children to organize their schoolbags and pack stationery according to the schedule every day so that they can bring school supplies, such as what class to take the next day, and pack the books, sharpen the pencils, and put away the books the night before. Teach the children to organize their schoolbags and tell them how to put the books (for example, a large book horizontally and two small books vertically) where to put; where to put stationery and school kits; where to put toilet paper. this point is very important. This is because if the parents do it for you, the child may not know where to put the school supplies when he arrives at school the next day, and often feel at a loss. It is recommended that parents make a reward statistics table for their children, encourage them to do their own things, and draw a star for them as long as they complete a “small task”. Parents can make a summary with their children every week or every month, and give appropriate rewards, which can better stimulate their children’s interest in learning. You can also prepare a notepad for your children to remember the learning tasks of the day or the items to be brought the next day. 3. How to solve the problem of children’s procrastination. “Procrastination” is a difficult problem for many parents. In fact, procrastination is not formed in a day. The procrastination of learning often comes from lack of training in daily life. For young children, parents can negotiate with their children to make an agreement: what must be done every day, which of them must be done in which time (morning/afternoon/evening), and how many things must be done Completed in time. Parents can use a variety of color blocks and clear texts and diagrams to help children master their own schedule. As long as parents continue to uphold the concept of time in cultivating children, then the concept of time in children will be gradually established. In addition, these dry goods parents must keep in mind. Fully care for children. First of all, parents need to pay attention to daily parent-child communication with their children, and look for opportunities to convey “I care about you”, “I love you”, “You are important to me” to children through various means such as words, expressions, movements, and physical contact. Information makes the child feel supportive and makes him feel

How to prevent juvenile epilepsy

Adolescents should pay attention to the following points to prevent epilepsy:    1. Juvenile epilepsy patients are in a period of vigorous growth and development, and should be given high-calorie, high-vitamin, easy-to-digest liquid or semi-liquid food. Always drink warm water to keep the respiratory mucosa moist.  2. Ensure adequate rest and sleep, participate in appropriate physical activities, and try not to swim, climb mountains, or swing on swings. These are not good for the health of children with epilepsy.  3. Juvenile epilepsy patients must have a regular life habit, establish a good life system, avoid excessive fatigue and tension, and can appropriately engage in some light physical labor. The more important thing is to avoid working at heights and high mental stress, such as driving, swimming, climbing, etc., and avoid dangerous places and dangerous goods.  4. In order to avoid seizures caused by excessive learning stress and fatigue, it is recommended that schools and parents do not have too high and strict learning requirements for children with epilepsy, and do not cause these children to be mentally overstressed and fatigued.  5. Parents should not spoil the child too much, otherwise it will hinder the healthy development of the child’s personality and mentality. If children with epilepsy have no mental retardation, they should go to school like other children, but they should not be too tired from studying.   6. Parents should formulate specific learning plans based on their past learning situation and physical endurance. Adolescent patients should also be properly mastered when studying, pay attention to the combination of work and rest, do not over-stress and fatigue, especially do not stay up late, so as not to induce seizures. 7. Juvenile patients should avoid spicy foods, eat more foods that contain vitamins, high protein, and phospholipids, drink more warm water, keep the respiratory mucosa moist, quit smoking and alcohol, avoid being overfull, and teenagers with epilepsy Patients also need to avoid overwork and tension, and avoid some predisposing factors for epileptic seizures.   8. Patients with epilepsy should watch less TV. For patients with better disease control, it is better to watch TV for no more than half an hour a day. Patients should be encouraged to go to public places to interact with their peers and society. In fact, under the good control of the drug, the patient’s participation in social activities can make the mood comfortable and happy, which will be beneficial to the treatment of the disease.

Why is the child tired of studying?

Adults always think that school days are the best time in a child’s life. Perhaps it is the nostalgia for the school days that they put this idea on their children, but do you know the reason behind the children’s weariness? Children’s weariness of school is not a psychological problem in itself, but behind the phenomenon of study weariness, there may be psychological problems, such as early separation, parent-child relationship, family problems, Internet addiction and various psychological disorders. Because when doctors assess psychological problems, social function is one of many reference standards. An adult with impaired social function usually manifests itself as unable to participate in daily work and interpersonal communication. For a child, the inability to go to school normally means that social function is impaired to some extent. Learning-weariness is not the problem itself, it is just a manifestation. Most of the time, parents only deal with the problem of being tired of studying and ignore the possible psychological problems behind them. We lose the opportunity to understand the children’s real difficulties and pain, and we also miss the opportunity to help the children grow up. Parents use what they think is the correct way to deal with the child’s weariness of school, often haste is not enough. The psychological problems of adolescents are formed over time, and the solution does not happen overnight. In the interaction between parents and children, they need to listen more to their children and give them more tolerance, understanding and company. For more psychological knowledge, please click on this link to enter. Parents should provide support for their children within their own abilities, not to impose their desires on the children, and at the same time not to be annoyed by their efforts to get the expected return. . He should have been excellent “Teacher, I am going to collapse these few days, I feel I can’t live anymore…” After that, there was a five-minute cry. This is the boy’s mother, who feels desperate because she has tried all kinds of tricks and can’t make her study hard. Now she is accompanied by constant cold wars and quarrels with her children every day. In fact, this boy was very good before: He was always very obedient in elementary school, studied hard, and ranked among the best. He has always been the pride of his parents, and he was admitted to the local key junior high school as he wished. But after entering junior high school, the situation has changed, and the children can only be ranked in the middle reaches. The parents are anxious, how could a child who always took the first place in the past, he should always be excellent! So various methods are performed in turn: reporting for classes, reasoning, tasking, watching… The relationship between parents and children has become increasingly rigid. Suddenly, my mother discovered that it was difficult for her to speak a word to her child without knowing it, so leave her alone! We often have a kind of inertial thinking: excellent children must always be in the top. We don’t know that the higher the grade, the greater the competition. Inappropriate expectations of children will often drive children in the opposite direction. For children who are tired of learning, what is bored may not be learning, but being forced to learn by others! Educating children can never bypass the “relationship”. As a parent, what is the first element of educating children? Perhaps this question will make many people wonder and may also cause controversy. In my opinion, the first element of educating children is definitely relationship. Take the case of a child who is tired of studying. Every child who is tired of studying has his own pain behind him, but will he tell you? The vast majority of children will not! Because he thinks that you don’t understand him, you are just saying it for nothing, and you may even provoke a scolding. But to solve the problem of children’s weariness, understanding the real reason for children’s weariness is the most important part. If you can’t understand, it will never be possible to solve this problem. We all know that we need to respect each other and maintain relationships. When we get to our children, we seem to have forgotten this truth. Your child is a good child, but at the same time he is also an independent person. So, if you respect your child like an adult, and get his approval, he will listen to the truth you tell him. Don’t believe it, every child wants to learn well. “I respect the child, what should he do if he messes around. I can’t watch him if he doesn’t study and doesn’t ask.” Respecting children is not about indulging children or being unable to discipline them, but paying more attention. Their spiritual world. Today’s children are basically not lacking in material, but the spiritual world is relatively lacking. This is one of the reasons why so many children are crazy about the Internet. Many parents ignore their children’s feelings of strict control of their children’s helpless logic: I don’t care what he specifies, it will go bad! Recall carefully, when the child was young, would he go home after school and he would be so excited to tell you that mom I got 100 points today! Recall what you saw when a child with outstanding grades was making progress

Share with parents and friends: 4 ways to cultivate children’s strong stress resistance!

Among the patients admitted to the psychiatric department, there is a girl who impressed me very deeply: Xiao Yu, 13 years old, from a good family background, good academic performance, has been the first from elementary school to junior high school, proficient in piano calligraphy… An excellent child, after an abnormal performance in the final exam, Xiaoyu fell into a depression, did not sleep well at night, did not want to go to school, and did not want to go to school, his favorite piano lesson, felt very depressed at school, and sat in the classroom I was flustered, and then Xiao Yu simply stopped going to school. Parents and teachers have talked many times to no avail, and in desperation, they came to the psychiatric clinic to seek help from a psychologist… Such examples are not rare among the adolescent patients admitted to the psychiatric clinic. Most of these children have high IQs and are very smart, and some of them have low EQs, that is, they tend to collapse after encountering setbacks and suffer from mental and psychological disorders. Many parents also responded that their children are very strong in all aspects, that is, their psychological quality is poor, their ability to withstand stress is not good, and they tend to lose confidence when they encounter a little difficulty. 01. Why does this happen? Some scholars have pointed out that those children who grew up in a superior environment face failures less often than ever before. Although their learning tasks are heavy and stressful, in fact, most children can successfully complete their studies without facing major challenges. Raise children materially and poorly in spirit. As a result, most children rarely encounter setbacks from childhood to adulthood, and children lack opportunities to develop strong psychological endurance and the ability to withstand stress. A child with weak ability to withstand stress often shows negative emotions such as anger, frustration, and self-blame when encountering setbacks, and then self-denial: “Is it right that I can’t” “I’m so stupid…” If emotions cannot be adjusted and transformed in time, hidden dangers will be buried, which may become one of the root causes of mental and psychological disorders. And a child with strong ability to withstand stress is excited when encountering major setbacks. They regard setbacks as a precious opportunity to improve themselves, so their thinking content is also positive, and they can often get out of setbacks quickly and complete improvement. . Cultivating children’s ability to withstand stress is to train children to quickly transform negative emotions into positive emotions when encountering major setbacks, and to summarize experiences and lessons with a positive attitude to achieve rapid improvement. 02. How to cultivate children’s “resistance ability”? Professor Angela Duckworth, an Asian American psychologist and associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania, proposed 4 effective methods: 01&nbsp.-Put the challenge in front of the child. If the child has never had the opportunity to overcome the difficulties, he may never be able to face it. Challenged confidence. It can give children the opportunity to pursue at least one difficult thing, preferably one that has strict discipline and rules and requires long-term practice, such as piano, ballet, etc. It doesn’t matter whether you are doing well or not, but trying your best is the point. In this process, the child may be very anxious, but when she overcomes the obstacles, she will fall in love with it and find the motivation and confidence to stick to it from the heart. Remember this sentence: true success often occurs when you break through boundaries and obstacles. 02&nbsp.- Inspire children to solve problems by themselves and teach them to fish instead of teaching them to fish. Instead of directly giving the child a solution when he encounters difficulties, it is better to inspire the child to come up with a solution. If he is in a very confused state, he can talk to him like this: “It looks like you are really experiencing difficulties. Do you think there is any way to solve it?” Inspire him to think about solutions instead of telling him directly. do. This exercise allows children to develop a sense of self-confidence-“Look, I can solve problems by myself.” During the learning process, children often face confusion, depression, and boredom. However, if children understand that they can solve problems by themselves, they will have more perseverance and confidence to persevere. 03&nbsp.-Don’t give up lightly. Many people believe that people’s talents are inherent, and what they are good at or not good at is due to talent. In fact, even geniuses need to hone their talents through unremitting efforts. You can ask your children to stick to everything they do, and don’t give up lightly when encountering setbacks. Gradually, they will realize that the learning process is not always smooth sailing, some discomfort and obstacles need to be overcome, and difficulties are the norm.

Non-invasive stimulation of the vagus nerve through ears to improve foreign language performance

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Zhang Hua’s Note: The combination of Chinese learning fever + audiology + neuroscience technology has contributed to the development of non-invasive stimulators for improving foreign language learning. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. New research conducted by neuroscientists at the University of Pittsburgh and the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) found that a simple earplug-like device developed by the University of California, San Francisco “subtly stimulates the brain The key nerve can significantly improve the wearer’s learning ability. The voice of a new language.” &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. According to the researchers, the device can also facilitate other types of learning in many broad applications. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Mandarin is considered one of the most difficult languages ​​for native English speakers to learn, partly because the language, like many other languages ​​in the world, utilizes unique changes in pitch (called “tone” ) To change the meaning of the originally pronounced words. the same. In this new study, published this week in the journal Natural Science (npj), the researchers used precise timing and non-invasive stimulation of the vagus nerve, which significantly improved the ability of native English speakers to distinguish the tones of Mandarin. ability. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. More importantly, vagus nerve stimulation allows study participants to pick up some four Mandarin tones more quickly. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.”shows that non-invasive peripheral nerve stimulation can make language learning easier, which potentially opens the door to improving cognitive performance in a wide range of fields”&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp .&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.—Pern’s SoundBrainLab principal researcher and postdoctoral researcher Dr. Fernando Llanos&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.University of California, San Francisco, Weir Institute of Neuroscience Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery Matthew Leonard (Matthew Leonard) said: “This is one of the first proofs that non-invasive vagus nerve stimulation can enhance complex cognitive skills such as language learning in healthy people.”&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp .&nbsp.&nbsp.Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS)&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Researchers used a non-invasive technique called transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS), in which the outer ear A small stimulator is placed in the middle, which can stimulate one of the nearby nerves by stimulating the vagus nerve with insignificant electrical pulses. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. A small stimulator placed in the outer ear can stimulate the vagus nerve with insignificant electrical pulses to stimulate a branch near the nerve. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.In their study, the researchers recruited 36 native English-speaking adults and trained them to use a set of tasks developed by the Natural Brain Lab. Take language as an example to identify the four intonations in Mandarin to study the neurobiology of language learning. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Participants who received the imperceptible tVNS corresponding to two kinds of Mandarin, which usually make it easier for English speakers to distinguish, showing rapid learning to distinguish these tones progress. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.By the end of the training, these participants had an average improvement of 13% in tone classification and reached peak performance speed

Why are there so many diseases? How to get relieved!

Why are there so many diseases? When I walked into the hospital to observe, I immediately felt cold in the vest and the corridor was full of patients. The lively scene was better than the vegetable market. Seeing that every hospital is like this, the patients, accompanying family members and family members have all been through the pain, how painful the whole family is. In order to solve this situation, if you want to stay away from the hospital, you can only study health and health knowledge, understand the knowledge of scientific health care, and enter a healthy work life, so that you can avoid getting sick and less sick, and the whole family can live a happy and happy life. ! ! ! Five-season health preservation is the solution to the general health of the whole people. According to the spring care and treatment of the liver, at the same time online and offline science popularization of liver health knowledge, gradually strive to learn from every household, and finally everyone understands health knowledge; summer science to learn heart health knowledge, Chang Xia Learn about the spleen and stomach, learn about the lungs in autumn, learn about kidneys in winter, combine learning to master health knowledge, and use health care products suitable for the general public. The big health cause will be finished this year. Next year, we will start over again in spring, summer, long summer, autumn and winter. We will stick to it every year, and we will preach a goal to popularize science and pass it on from generation to generation until the great dream of great health is realized!

“Sign language training” in infancy is the real early education

Guide: When doing the development assessment of children’s ASQ (Ages&amp.StagesQuestionnaires Age and Stage Development Questionnaire), parents are often given science. For 1 year and a half before, or even two years old, many babies cannot express themselves well. In fact, their The heart is anxious, and sometimes it is frustrated and loses temper even if it cannot be understood. Imagine that little babies gradually began to have their own ideas, but could not communicate them. At this stage, they can look like a little dumb. In addition, language communication is not only “speaking”, but the body language-“sign language” (sign language), can be an effective tool for infants to communicate with adults at this stage, which is worth learning for every family One thing. Infant sign language has also become a very mainstream way of infant language training in the United States. Some families only use a few sign languages, but still find them useful. Most families master 20-50 sign languages, and some families continue to learn more sign languages. Therefore, it is highly recommended that babies at this stage learn “sign language”, which can effectively compensate for this “dumb” period of language transition, and is also a truly meaningful form of early education in infants and toddlers. Why do baby signs are needed for the catalog? When can I start training for baby sign language? Does sign language practice affect my child’s speech? How to train sign language everyday? One Why do you need baby sign language? A large number of studies have shown that the most critical period of language learning is within a short period of time. The lack of contact with language (oral or other) during this critical period will have a devastating and permanent impact. Gleason (2000) reports that babies begin to communicate intentionally before the age of one, usually at 9 or 10 months, they realize for the first time that they can vocalize or make gestures and expect their The caregiver responded. After this developmental stage, most infants’ language development will be surprisingly improved. An article published by The American Speech-Language Hearing Association in 2002 gave a detailed discussion on how language ability affects children’s basic communication and cognitive skills (Schick, J. de Villiers, P. de Villiers, & Hoffmeister, 2002 ), its conclusion is that children with language difficulties are not only affected in learning ability, but also more likely to have an impact on children’s self-esteem and behavior problems. An effective way for children to communicate. This may help alleviate the frustration that children between 8 months and 2 years old cannot express well – when children begin to know what they want, need, and feel, but not necessarily express themselves Language ability. In other words, baby sign language can help babies to express their ideas better in 8 or 9 months, which means that the communication gap that lasts for several months is closed. Several other studies have shown that children who learn sign language as infants tend to perform better on standardized tests, have higher IQs, and outperform their peers in various social and academic fields (Waldman, 2001). 2. When can I start training for baby sign language Marilyn Daniels, associate professor of speech communication at Pennsylvania State University, who is also the author of a book that promotes learning of sign language for children with normal hearing, says: “Sign language can encourage communication, at least in most children Six months before the formation of basic words, … this not only increased the contact and interaction between parents and babies, but also helped reduce the main source of temper and stress of infants and young children.” Many children who are exposed to sign language at 7 months “will compare gestures at 8 months”, and by 9 months some babies can grasp up to 75 gestures (Brady, 2000). Therefore, many babies can consciously learn simple sign language training from 7 to 8 months. When parents communicate with their babies earlier, they can use simple sign language at the same time. 3. Does practicing sign language affect children’s speaking? Some people often have such worries, let

The main content of learning Chinese medicine! ! !

[Learning Chinese Medicine] To learn Chinese medicine, you must learn the physiological functions of the five internal organs and six organs. The physiological functions of the five internal organs and six organs are the basic core of traditional Chinese medicine and the key to learning and treating diseases. After learning well, after mastering it, you will know where the disease originates, where the disease occurs, and what causes it. It is very simple to treat the disease. Study Qi and blood fluid, yin and yang are false and true, surface heat and cold syndrome must be clear and accurate, treatment can be used accurately. To treat various types of disease syndromes, first outline the outline, carefully identify the symptoms, summarize the syndrome types, distinguish the order, and formulate prescriptions. Use programmatic thinking for treatment of critical illnesses, do not restrict treatment ideas, use medicine based on syndrome-type prescriptions, do not cure the disease by the dead, and learn the thinking mode of treatment. According to the disease syndrome, the prescription is based on the sickness. The key is to cure the disease. The key is to cure the disease, not limited to which medicine is used, which can be used according to the disease.

In addition to medication, what should children pay attention to?

&nbsp.&nbsp. Tics children can get sick before school age, but most of them are in school age. Children at this age have a certain ability to think and judge, parents should tell the children about the disease appropriately. When you know your disease, fully mobilizing your subjective initiative is beneficial to the recovery of the disease. &nbsp.&nbsp. In order to recover as soon as possible, it is recommended that children should do the following: establish confidence in fighting the disease, understand that their disease can be cured, and actively cooperate with parents and doctors. Knowing that your uncontrollable symptoms are due to illness is as natural as covering your head during a headache, and the students can understand it. Don’t look down on yourself, take the initiative to interact with classmates to enhance friendship. When it affects learning and makes grades decline, be aware that it is temporary, and it will be chased or surpassed by others after redoubled efforts. &nbsp.&nbsp. Being able to study with other classmates and graduating proves that you have perseverance and ability. Avoid mood swings. Usually do not watch TV, do not play game consoles, do not watch horror movies and TV shows. Get along with your classmates without fighting. prevent getting cold. Go to bed early, get up early, exercise, go to public places, and change clothes in time. Develop a good habit of sleeping on time, avoid excessive fatigue, do not watch thrilling and scary movies, horror movies, and TV, avoid excessive brain tension, do not play computer and watch TV excessively, parents should reduce children’s thinking from aspects of life and learning Stress, school teachers should take proper care of and help the children, avoid the burden of learning, etc., which will aggravate the condition, and remind students not to be ridiculed and look down on because of the children’s strange movements. It is necessary to take the initiative to contact the children to help solve the inconveniences in life and learning, and to prevent colds and so on. Children with tics should recognize that most of their learning problems are due to their own involuntary symptoms. Uncontrollable twitching and pronunciation, affecting concentration, and difficulty in completing homework are all factors that affect academic performance. This kind of learning difficulty is reversible. As the condition improves, the academic performance can also be improved. &nbsp.&nbsp. I hope that children, parents and teachers should have a clear understanding to take corresponding measures in order to carry out targeted treatment and reduce the harm caused by tics.

Pros and cons of “mobile phone control” for college students

# 精神 心理 科 ## 年纪 轻压 不 轻 # With the rapid development of society, especially the rapid development of technology, smart phones have become very popular, and college students have become the main force of smart phone use. As the smart phone itself is understandable, it is a tool, a product of an era, but users have different results for its use in the process of using it. I often hear scenes like this: in university classrooms, many college students do not listen seriously, but focus on playing mobile games, chatting, watching vibrato, listening to music, etc .; in the study room, some college students are not serious Reading books, always playing mobile phones, listening to music; in the bedroom, it is the best place for college students to play mobile phones, regardless of day and night, you can always play all night, and continue to sleep in the bedroom the next day, truancy becomes a commonplace … The author encountered a junior girl in a psychological consultation clinic before. Because she was obsessed with mobile games, she failed many courses and did not tell her parents that she was at risk of being dropped out. For college students, in the process of using smart phones, the advantages are: (1) college students can use the mobile phone to learn knowledge online, read the latest information, etc .; (2) can use the mobile phone communication software, such as mobile WeChat, QQ and other real-time communication and dialogue have shortened the distance between people; (3) During leisure, you can play mobile games, watch small videos, relax and so on. But everything has advantages and disadvantages. While the mobile phone brings us convenience, its disadvantages are also obvious. (1) Playing with a mobile phone for a long time can lead to mobile phone dependence. Cell phone dependence is also called “cell phone addiction” and was first proposed by American scholars. Refers to a chronic or periodic fascination caused by repeated use of mobile phones, and produces a strong and sustained sense of need and dependence of psychology and behavior, including mobile phone addiction, mobile entertainment addiction, mobile phone information Search for three types of addiction. (2) Playing with a mobile phone for a long time can cause depression, anxiety, social fear, loneliness and other mental and physical problems. (3) Playing with a mobile phone for a long time can cause cervical bone hyperplasia, eye fatigue, and insomnia. & nbsp. The reasons for the formation of mobile phone dependence (1) Objective factors: 1. The characteristics of the mobile phone itself. Factors such as the diversification of mobile phone functions, the richness of software, and the convenience of mobile phone communication make mobile phones one of the essential tools for college students. Over time, people can’t put it down. 2. Changes in interpersonal communication methods. In the past, people communicated mainly through face-to-face conversations, writing letters, making phone calls, sending text messages, etc., but now people can use the mobile phone QQ, WeChat and other software to conduct voice, message, and even video calls. Communication can be implemented at any distance, which is very convenient. 3. College students’ study and lifestyle changes. Most of the college students live on campus and have started an independent life. They also rely more on consciousness in their studies. But for students with poor self-control and poor independence, they are easily tempted by mobile phones, which leads them to be aggressive and playthings. (2) Subjective factors: 1. Factors for the physical and mental development of college students. College students are in their youth, with open minds, strong learning abilities, and quick acceptance of new things, especially when they learn and use smart phones. 2. The influence of herd mentality. People always live in groups, and members of each group will interact with each other, and this group of college students is no exception. If 95% of college students are playing mobile games, the remaining 5% of college students who are not playing games are likely to be marginalized. In order to avoid being marginalized, and under the invisible pressure of the group, these 5% of the students were also forced to play mobile games. This is the herd mentality. Correction of mobile phone dependence 1. Strengthen the cultivation of college students’ outlook on life and world. College students should be clear about their goals in life. University is a starting point in life. They should not have the psychology of life, but should continue to study hard, learn successfully, and strive to cultivate themselves as a pillar of usefulness to society. 2. The university should actively develop a rich and colorful campus cultural life. Encourage college students to actively show themselves, strengthen interpersonal communication, and promote positive energy. College students have a sense of collective honor and belonging on campus. 3. College students themselves should cultivate positive interests and hobbies, and spend more time and energy on meaningful things, rather than just entertaining in games

The review task before the college entrance examination is heavy, the child has no intention to learn, it may be an emotional problem, 5 ways to solve

More than one month left before the college entrance examination. As a good child in the eyes of parents and a good student in the eyes of teachers, Xiao Xue is getting more and more upset. During this period, everyone is almost every minute of study, even after class, they are studying hard or doing problems. But Xiaoxue felt that she couldn’t sit still in class. The more she wanted to read, the more she couldn’t see. You can’t calm down when you are doing a question, and you hate yourself, but the more you hate yourself, the more irritable. The more you can’t learn, the mood is not good. After returning home, she was annoyed by her parents’ words, kept falling, and wept. During the time of reviewing this plan, I often brushed up on Internet dramas and watched one night. After reading it, I regretted it, but I couldn’t control myself. Recently, there has been a phenomenon of shaking back and forth during the class, which cannot be controlled. Xiaoxue’s parents are very worried about her situation, but they don’t know how to persuade their children, and at the same time they can’t accept how good they have been. What happened to Xiaoxue? During the college entrance examination, many students will have similar symptoms. They do not want to read books or do questions. They are messy, want to lose their temper, want to cry, and see others worrying about themselves. For them, at this time, the most feared thing is to read books and do questions. In order to change the status quo, many children choose to watch TV, play computers, read idle books, and listen to music when they can’t read books. They think that this can give the brain a break. As a result, I found that once I encountered these things, I couldn’t stop, that wasted time, and did not relax myself. When you are upset, you either do nothing or shout with your parents. When such a situation occurs, the child is actually in an irritable mood. The reasons for this irritability are: 1. The study life is tedious. At this time, it seems that there is nothing else to do except for reading books, making papers, middle school and college entrance exam candidates. Even the usual classmates chat, and everyone is talking about how to do this question. 2. Lack of exercise and recreational activities. By this time, many schools have canceled physical education classes, the playgrounds of individual schools are quiet every day, and I do n’t know that students have not started school! After the exercise that could relax the body and mind is cancelled, the child has no stress relief activities. Under strong pressure, the pressure will increase. 3. Teachers and parents overemphasized, causing rebellious emotions. The importance of the college entrance examination and the college entrance examination is something that teachers and parents keep talking about. They also know the severity, but the more parents say, the more stress they have. 4. Lack of hardship, lack of endurance, annoyed by difficulties in setbacks. Many children are raised by their parents in their hands. They do n’t need to do anything at home except for study. The college entrance examination may be the first big event they encounter. Faced with pressure and difficulties, children who are frustrated by business differences can easily feel I collapsed myself ~! 5. Emotional development is naive, and he loses his temper and cries when he is not happy, just like a child. Children do not understand how to manage and channel their emotions. When they encounter uncomfortable things, in addition to crying and losing their temper, they cannot think of solutions, so they cycle through their bad emotions and inaction. The solution to the test irritability: 1. Put your learning tasks down temporarily for exercise or labor, such as rope skipping, racket, badminton, basketball, swimming, mountain climbing, housework, etc. The time can be long or short, until the child wants to learn. One of the children I have been in contact with has always been a top student at school. The expectations given by teachers and parents are particularly high. It was during this special period that I told my parents that I would not go to school. Parents are very worried that if their children do not go to school, they will miss the college entrance examination. But when the child could not go back, they let the child go to the car wash shop to wash the car. Mother accompanied her daughter to work together. In the first few days, my mother was really worried. When I looked at the child without saying hardship or tiredness, my mother was really worried that the child would never go back to school. On the fifth day, the child took the initiative to say: “I’m going back to school! I can’t go on like this!” Although the child’s college entrance examination score was not satisfactory, but after all, he passed the undergraduate line and is now studying for graduate students! When parents think about the events of the year, they still breathe a sigh of relief, fearing that the child will not go like this! For children who have been unable to study for a long time and are very irritable, forcing them to study at this time often has no effect. And high-intensity labor or physical exercise, although it will make the muscles tired, but can let the child thoroughly

Japanese endoscopic and pathological early cancer control question

Because everyone said that the last time was more difficult, it is easy to attack the enthusiasm of beginners, so this time some basic pathological controls are updated. Figure 1 is the descending lesion on the large curved side of the stomach, and Figure 2 is the enlarged NBI image of the yellow frame. Please select the correct option for Figure 2 (the answer is not limited to one) 1. The microstructure of the mucosa formed by the white area is clear 2 .It is formed by mesh-like blood vessels, which is a complete meshpatten3. Consider differentiated intestinal gastric cancer 4. No visible small blood vessels Please select the following two groups to select a solid microscope magnified image of the case after formalin fixation and the corresponding Pathological image 1 group 2 group illustration Figure 2 see white opaque substance (WOS). WOS is the appearance of superficial epithelial cells after lipid absorption, in gastric cancer, it is differentiated intestinal type gastric cancer. Due to the opacity, tiny blood vessels cannot be seen. In addition, it is different from the white area in the image, highlighting the more opaque white. Therefore, 1 and 2 are x, and 3 and 4 are v. If there is WOS, after cleaning and formalin fixation, you can see the opening of the glandular fossa and the meshpattern that were originally invisible. Why is the network visible after formalin fixation? Eye-shaped blood vessels? It can be understood from the cancer focus that is composed of tubular glands with round or oval openings. The pathological image is well-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Therefore, the endoscopy and pathology of the ESD specimen of the lesion after formalin fixation for 2 minutes are hoped that we can continue to progress and learn, and benefit more Sangzi! I would like to thank Professor Yagi Yagi, Professor Ma Xinghua for their guidance and help, Professor Jin Mulan and the medical extension network team, Professor Jin Zhu (welcome everyone to participate in the pathological training camp of Professor Jin Zhu in Yisheng), and listen to the master, Help and support from Fu Da, Uncle Li, Brother Gong Jian, and Brother Da Wei. It is recommended that you go to their public account to study and listen to the class, or contact Gong Da to buy a book. For the wonderful courses, please go to Jingdao Institute to listen to the master’s series of courses and the morning session of Professor Wang Hongguang of the blossoming medical cloud. Here are some recommended books for everyone. There are also videos for those who want to watch videos. Sharing is only for more people to see the sharing, everyone has learned to benefit more Sangzi! ! ! Join the WeChat group of the China-Japan Digestive Endoscopy Exchange Forum WeChat: xinghua6464 jiankang703157344 This public account will share with you the knowledge of early cancer endoscopy during your study in Japan, aiming to jointly improve the domestic early cancer technology level, and learn how to strengthen yourself ! I found a case of early cancer, saving a life and happy a family! ! ! Lifelong learning and common progress! It is purely public welfare and has no commercial nature! Learn and progress with everyone, share with you, give roses, and leave a scent! !

Home confinement for three months, a few days after school, why did they commit suicide?

Recently, I read the report that within a few days of school, 6 children were gone, and 1 was seriously injured! … This year, due to the epidemic, the start of school has been delayed all over the country. During the three months of home confinement, online classes and tutoring Homework, many parents and children are miserable. As the epidemic gradually improved, many places have begun resumption of classes. “Mysterious Beasts Return to the Cage”, many parents are very happy, and finally got out of their heads. Under the dual pressure of the new crown epidemic and academics, the mental health of many children is not optimistic. It seems to be worse than before, and it is more prone to extreme phenomena. Children from elementary school to high school on the online platform have the most requests for help. Most of the content is about their relationship with their parents. They quarreled with their parents. They do n’t want to live, self-mutilation … The children did not attend classes during the epidemic. What are the reasons for the psychological problems? What? 1. All kinds of negative information during the epidemic cause children’s separation anxiety and death anxiety. 2. Conflicts with parents. Because they are not constrained by time, many children have disordered work and rest schedules. Secondly, the conflict between online classes and parents. Online classes are different from classes in schools. Many children are addicted to gaming networks because of online classes. 3. During the epidemic, the child is out of school, lacks support from classmates, and has emotions and lack of social support. For the above reasons, parents try to minimize conflicts with their children and think from the perspective of children. Statistics and educational experience tell us that many teenagers eventually embark on suicide, and their relationship with their parents is the greatest. If your child tells you that he is in a bad mood and he has depression symptoms, it must be of concern. If necessary, take the child to the hospital for examination or to consult a psychological counselor. As long as it can be corrected in time and establish a benign communication channel with the child, it will not force the child to a dead end. Doing good time management of learning is not that the longer the learning time, the better the learning effect. Only after finding the effective learning method, can we reach the destination quickly. The learning method is a method for quickly grasping knowledge summarized through learning practice. Related to the efficiency of learning and mastering knowledge, people are paying more and more attention. There are no unified rules for learning methods. Due to different personal conditions, different times, different environments, and different methods of choice. Among them, some specially-oriented learning and training methods, such as: recitation, silent writing, shorthand, notes, etc., can have enlightening effects and reference for other learners.

Dr. Mom, Dr. Children, and a family of 8 are all doctors, the role of parents in it

Primary and secondary school teachers cannot teach children well! Recently, teacher Yu Minhong’s remarks have repeatedly been on the hot search. He first persuaded everyone to have more children in the live broadcast, and was angry with many netizens. The storm did not pass in the past few days. Bad boy! This time he sent himself to the hot search. In order to prevent biased listening, I watched a live broadcast by Mr. Yu. His original words were: Many primary and secondary school teachers do not read three or five books a year, and they have been using the textbooks for a lifetime. Repeatedly and repeatedly, and eventually we were hollowed out, so we found that many primary and secondary school teachers, in the end became very narrow in knowledge, far from being able to teach contemporary Chinese students well! Once Teacher Yu’s remarks came out, they were bombarded by many people, and I was one of them. I don’t deny that the phenomenon he said does exist. Some teachers can really retire from one lesson plan, not thinking about progress, not adapting to the social environment and the current children. This is not the case for most teachers. They need all kinds of learning every year to improve themselves to adapt to social changes. What’s more, the primary responsibility lies with the teacher if the children are not taught well? I prefer what Yu Minhong said a few years ago: the teacher is the teacher, and the parents must be the ones who educate the people. Dr. Mama, Dr. Children, Kung Fu has 6 children who are known as “Korea’s Chief Mother” outside of “Study”. They all became PhDs of Harvard University and Yale University. After graduation, they served as professors of famous universities, Dean and assistant to the US White House Health Secretary and other important positions. And she and her husband are also doctors of famous schools. In the process of educating her children, she emphasized that Kung Fu is “learning”. In order to train the children’s concentration, she and her husband made a blackboard specifically, and installed a blue light that can flash above the blackboard. Make this blackboard look more like the sky under the night. Half an hour before going to sleep every night, she will take her children to focus on “zero thinking” training. Through half a year of training, the children can finally maintain a “zero thinking” state for more than ten minutes. This powerful ability to quiet down improves the ability to control the brain’s thinking activities, so that children can concentrate highly while studying, greatly improve learning efficiency, exert their intelligence to the extreme, and lay a solid foundation for their future success. basis. Quan Huixing believes that every child is a “special” individual and has its own unique elements. What parents need to do the most is to let the children have a strong body, a strong learning ability and a strong desire to become a big man. In addition to providing children with the necessary physical qualities and desire to cultivate, Quan Huixing also does not forget to lead by example. Quan Huixing, a Ph.D. student at Boston University and a professor at Yale University, feels that she and her husband have been studying hard throughout their lives. The children are so enchanted that they naturally take peace of mind as part of their daily lives. In the consultation process, I like to use “the child is a copy, the parent is the original, the child has a problem, we need to find the reason from the original” to explain why the parents need to change. Many times, parents are the best role models for children! Teachers teach book knowledge, and parents demonstrate life knowledge. A 10-year-old kid cheated grandma ’s life savings and used it for 50,000 yuan to play games. The latest news is very heartbreaking. An old grandma, her son went to work in the field after divorce, leaving her and her grandson to live together. Grandson loves to play games, so he tricks Grandma into saying that the school has to pay for the book, and lets Grandma bind the bank card to his mobile phone. Grandma did just that. Who knows, this kid did n’t pay any book fees, but bought the game equipment with his grandmother ’s pension money, and spent just 50,000 yuan of her grandmother ’s pension in just 3 months. In the news, the grandmother cried when she mentioned this and said that she had raised a white-eyed wolf. The child looked indifferent, as if to say that he was not himself. It is not uncommon for children to spend money on their parents, grandparents and children playing games. Such children often have this commonality: 1. Parents and children lack communication. Many parents do not know that their children like to play games. I don’t know if I check my bank card. 2. Parents are absent from children’s education. Many parents have become parents, but they have not assumed the responsibility of educating their children as parents. They often pass on the matter of education to grandpa, grandma, teacher, school or educational institution. I think I only need to pay for it. 3. Parents shirk responsibility and escape

How to treat depression caused by learning pressure

At present, many primary and secondary school students are facing major life transitions such as college and graduation. In a stressful and stressful learning environment, how do you maintain a good attitude and avoid entering the quagmire of depression caused by stress? These problems are already imminent. . The topic of how to treat depression caused by learning pressure in primary and middle school students has received widespread attention from parents, schools and so on. Social concerns are gradually heating up how depression is treated. How should the depression of these people be treated? Let’s analyze how to treat depression caused by learning pressure in primary and middle school students. First is drug treatment. Antidepressants are a large category of many psychotropic drugs, mainly used to treat depression and various depressive states. However, in order to avoid the side effects caused to students by taking all kinds of medicines, we still insist on medicine as a supplement and a daily self-conditioning-based depression treatment method. Second is daily self-conditioning, which mainly includes: Do the most interesting things. If you are not successful in your studies, find ways to improve your skills and start with the things you are most interested in; or look for other opportunities for success. Plan to do activities that can lead to happiness and confidence, especially on weekends, such as cleaning the room, riding a car, writing letters, listening to music, shopping, etc. In addition, regularization of life is also very important. Try to eat on time, have a regular life, and arrange a period of physical exercise every day. Participating in physical exercise can improve people’s mental state, improve the function of the autonomic nervous system, and benefit people’s mental health. Can make good friends. People who often keep in touch with friends have a much better mental state than those who are lonely, especially when the situation is not good, “friends are good doctors.” To make friends, first of all, you can talk about your heartfelt intimacy, and also make some funny, funny and pleasant friends. Develop the habit of keeping in constant contact with friends, so as to avoid and cure loneliness and divorce, and reduce depression symptoms. Diet and health care and strengthen sleep. Eat more foods rich in vitamin B and amino acids, such as cereals, fish, green vegetables, eggs, etc., also help to get rid of depression. Strengthening sleep quality is also very helpful for how to treat depression. Sleep problems cannot be ignored because of intense learning, and lengthening sleep time is also very important for reducing learning pressure. The above introduces how to solve the problem of depression in primary and middle school students through drug treatment and daily self-conditioning The way of illness. It is also hoped that parents are looking forward to their children looking for Jackie Chan and Jackie Chan while also caring about their psychological conditions, which will help students to invest in their studies. It is hoped that the students will be very happy and happy after school every day: “Today is a beautiful day, and I believe tomorrow is also a happy day.”