Preface: Yogurt is a dairy product with a unique flavor. It can be eaten directly, or mixed with fruits, snacks, etc. to create a brand new delicacy! Now, the yogurt counters in supermarkets are really dazzling: plain yogurt, flavored yogurt, reconstituted milk, lactic acid bacteria, lactic acid drinks… all kinds. Standing at the counter, wanting to buy a yogurt is really tangled! Yogurt is a milk product in which milk is used as a raw material, and beneficial bacteria (leavers) are added to the milk after pasteurization. After fermentation, it is cooled and filled. Look for the three words when buying yogurt. If you want to know if the dairy product you bought is real yogurt, you just need to see if the word “fermented milk” is on the package. The technical term corresponding to ordinary yogurt is “fermented milk”, which refers to a product made by fermenting pure cow (goat) milk with lactic acid bacteria, without adding any additives such as spices and thickeners. And, if you want to choose a really good yogurt, you must look for a number, that is-protein content ≥ 2.9g/100g. Of course, the larger the value, the more protein content and the richer the nutrition. Buy yogurt and avoid the word “flavor”. Most yogurt in the supermarket has the word “flavor”. This does not refer to the taste, but the merchant adds other ingredients to improve the taste and nutrition of the yogurt, such as Fruits and vegetables, grains, fruit pellets, nutritional supplements, additives, etc. Of course, sugar is most often added. Therefore, in flavored fermented milk, the sugar and fat content will be higher than that of yogurt, but the taste and taste of drinking are much better. Regardless of the difference in a few words, it is actually a huge difference in nutritional value and health! What is the difference between real and fake yogurt? Drinking milk is to obtain high-quality protein and calcium. The difference between real and fake yogurt is in the ingredient list. 1. Look at the protein content The protein content of lactic acid bacteria beverages is generally between 0.7% and 1.0%, while the protein content of yogurt products needs to be ≥2.3%. Drinking three or four bottles of yogurt with such a low protein content is not as good as a bottle of serious yogurt. Second, look at the sugar content The carbohydrate content of the yogurt bottle is the sugar content. The carbohydrate content should not exceed 12%, and the sugar content will be higher if it exceeds this amount. Someone has calculated that the average 100g of yogurt on the market contains about 10g of sugar…The sugar content is about the same as that of Coke. The WHO recommends a maximum intake of 25g of added sugar per day, which is equivalent to half of the quota for 100g of yogurt. Since 100g of yogurt contains so much sugar, thinking about so many sweets that you usually eat, the intake of added sugar feels beyond the horizon! ! ! It’s hard not to grow fleshy! 3. See if you need to refrigerate yogurt. Generally, there are two types. One is low-temperature yogurt that needs to be refrigerated, which is also called “viable yogurt.” The other is room temperature yogurt, also called “sterilized yogurt”, which basically does not contain active lactic acid bacteria. Why kill the beneficial “lactic acid bacteria”, because yogurt has a longer shelf life at room temperature, lower storage and transportation costs, and is easier to sell. The biggest difference between live yogurt and sterilized yogurt is the lack of “lactic acid bacteria” that need to survive at low temperatures. (All were killed before leaving the factory…). In addition to this, other nutrients in yogurt, such as protein, calcium, and vitamins, are almost the same. Therefore, room temperature yogurt is also a good choice for people who are inconvenient to refrigerate and cannot drink cold yogurt. Therefore, if you want to eat probiotics, you have to choose refrigerated yogurt. Daily purchase of yogurt, do not want to be so entangled, you can choose according to your needs: if you want to promote digestion, supplement protein, calcium, vitamins, choose yogurt; if you like rich taste and changeable taste, then choose flavored fermented milk . When buying, also pay attention to check the “nutrient composition table” of the product. It is best to buy those high-protein, low-fat, and low-carbohydrate products. Such products are nutritious and are not easy to gain weight.
Assistant Hu Guisheng WeChat: dd326751 In life, I often see all kinds of snacks in supermarkets. On the surface, they seem to be healthy, but they contain many secrets that you don’t know. Therefore, as a blood disease patient, you need to know that it is best to eat less of these various snacks. 1. Dried fruits and vegetables is actually very high in calories and fat. It tastes crunchy and crunchy. It feels like eating fruits and vegetables is very convenient and healthy. However, there are actually two processing methods for dried fruits and vegetables, namely high-temperature drying and vacuum frying and dehydration. With these two processing methods, there are not many nutrients, and the dried fruits and vegetables that are vacuum-fried and dehydrated are extremely high in fat and calories. 2. Preserved fruits and candied fruits like this food have high sugar content and many additives and pigments. Its sweetness is no longer the original fruit taste, and the nutrition of the fruit inside is not much. Can cause diabetes or obesity. 3. Salt-baked nuts Nuts are rich in dietary fiber and minerals, and feel full. They are very good snacks. But try to buy the original flavor instead of salt-baked ones. Because salt-baked nuts have been prepared with a lot of salt and fried, although they are very fragrant, they are not conducive to controlling high blood pressure and other diseases. 4. Fancy oatmeal Oatmeal is a kind of coarse grains, and those fancy oatmeal put a lot of nuts, fruit particles, etc., actually contain a lot of sugar, it is recommended to choose pure oatmeal, at least very healthy. 5. Coarse grain biscuits Coarse grains can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, but a lot of cooking oil must be used to make biscuits to make the taste more fragrant, which is not very good for the body. 6. Fruit yogurt Many people use various fruit yogurt instead of meals when they lose weight. There are yogurt and fruit, which seems pretty good. But you may not have noticed that the fruit pieces used in fruit yogurt are actually jam, and the sugar content is higher than ordinary yogurt. Instead of spending more money on fruit yogurt, it is better to drink a cup of plain yogurt and eat fresh fruit. 7. Lactic acid bacteria beverages lactic acid bacteria beverages are often shown as healthy drinks, advertised as “zero fat”. But in fact, if you don’t add sugar, the taste of lactic acid bacteria beverage will be sour, so the sugar content of this beverage is usually about 15%. The reasonable total daily intake of sugar for a normal person is about 30-40 grams, and drinking 340 ml of lactic acid bacteria beverage will consume 51 grams of sugar! 8. Cereal milk Cereal milk is known as “made with one or more grains and milk.” But there are not many grains, the milk is diluted, and extra sugar is added. From the perspective of breakfast, they are not enough to eat; from the nutritional point of view, they cannot provide enough carbohydrates and energy, and the protein and calcium content is not as good as pure milk. 7. Bottled tea drinks black tea, green tea, oolong tea…They are rich in antioxidants such as tea polyphenols and are popular traditional health drinks. But bottled tea drinks are another matter. The biggest problem is that there is too much sugar. Some bottled tea drinks on the market have a sugar content of 4%-10%. Drinking a bottle of tea every day can gain 4-9 kilograms in one year. It’s really hard not to get fat! 9. Flour and paste for drinking Many people like to make a sesame paste, lotus root flour, soy milk powder for breakfast… If it is a powder made from pure grains and beans, it may have a “earth smell”. Therefore, in the ingredient lists of many aleurones, “sugar” often ranks first, meaning that the sugar content is more than the raw materials.
Speaking of chronic diseases such as fatty liver and high blood sugar, do you think it is a disease of the elderly? This is not necessarily the case. I saw a piece of news today. The 4-year-old kid actually found out fatty liver and high blood sugar, and scared both his parents and dad. So what happened? After the doctor’s inquiry, it was found that it was mainly because of the child’s diet. Children drink 3 to 4 bottles of milk every day, but this milk is not ordinary fresh milk, but delicious reconstituted milk. So what exactly is reconstituted milk? Moreover, there are many types of milk on the market, such as children’s milk, breakfast milk, walnut milk, etc. So what kind of choice should we give to children, is nutrition sufficient? 1. What is reconstituted milk? There are many dairy products on the market, so what does reconstituted milk mean? Reconstituted milk is actually made by concentrating milk, drying it to make concentrated milk or milk powder, and then adding water. And the state stipulates that all liquid milk made from powdered milk must be marked with “restored milk”. The nutrition of reconstituted milk is not as good as fresh milk. So what is the difference between reconstituted milk and milk? Second, the difference between reconstituted milk and milk There are many parents who have such confusion when choosing milk for their children. What is the nutritional difference between reconstituted milk and fresh milk? 1Pure fresh milkPure fresh milk is also known as pasteurized milk. Pasteurized milk refers to raw fresh milk heated to 72 to 75 degrees Celsius, kept for 15 to 20 seconds and then cooled, so that only harmful bacteria in the milk will be eliminated. But it retains the nutrition and freshness of milk. Such fresh milk has a short shelf life, generally around 7 to 10 days, and needs to be stored at a low temperature of 2 to 6 degrees Celsius. In terms of nutrition, fresh milk can retain more than 95% of active immune proteins, which can effectively improve human immunity. 2 What is reconstituted milk? Reconstituted milk is also known as reduced milk, or reduced milk, as we have just mentioned, it is milk powder that is concentrated and dried by milk. In the process of making reconstituted milk, because of the process, it will cause the denaturation of vitamins, active calcium, and some proteins, resulting in the loss of nutrition. In short, the nutrition of fresh milk is greater than reconstituted milk, our parents should try to choose fresh milk for children to drink. Above we understand that the nutritional value of fresh milk is greater than reconstituted milk, but I don’t know if you found it. When we choose dairy products, there are often words on the packaging that fresh milk is 85% or more, or 90 or more, but for milk powder The content does not indicate, so how should our parents choose more nutritious milk for their children? Third, how to choose dairy products for children. We know that reconstituted milk is not as nutritious as fresh milk, but sometimes it will inadvertently choose reconstituted milk for children, such as some yoghurt, and some may be partially or completely made of reconstituted milk. At this time, you may have to ask, how to identify the choice? In fact, the amount of reconstituted milk is related to the variety of dairy products. Among them, pasteurized milk is the richest in reconstituted milk, followed by high-temperature sterilized milk and yogurt. For pasteurized milk, nutrients are kept as far as possible without loss. We have learned above, how our parents can choose milk products for their children, but you may have to ask, there are many milks for children in the market, such as children’s milk, breakfast milk, walnut milk, lactic acid bacteria drinks, etc., then these What about nutrition? 4. Comparison of other milks 1 Children’s milk First, let’s talk about children’s milk. Let’s take a look at the ingredients list. We can find that a lot of sugars and human sweeteners are added here. If you drink it frequently, it will be unhealthy. 2 Walnut milk, etc. For walnut milk, red date milk, etc., these are flavored milk, and flavors are added at the same time, so if you drink it often, it is also unhealthy. 3 Lactic acid bacteria beverages For lactic acid bacteria beverages, the milk content is only 30%, and the rest has 70% water. At the same time, thickeners and sweeteners are added, so the nutrition of lactic acid bacteria beverages is also incomparable with milk. 4. What about breakfast milk? Is breakfast milk nutritious? In fact, the nutrition and energy are insufficient. 5. Summary Yuanyuan teacher reminds you: 1 The nutrition of recovered milk is not as good as that of milk. When choosing milk products for children, you should understand. 2 Children’s milk, walnut milk, lactic acid bacteria drinks, breakfast milk, etc., nutrition is not as good as fresh milk. Do you know how to choose milk for your children, and do you have any suggestions and good methods?
Milk is one of the oldest natural drinks, known as white blood. In order to supplement nutrition, everyone now drinks a glass of milk every day. However, many kidney friends will always ask the doctor: I have kidney disease, can I drink milk? Doctor, I drink milk and diarrhea, can I drink it again? Doctor, there are so many types of milk, what kind of kidney patients should drink? For kidney As far as friends are concerned, milk is also a good choice for supplementing nutrition. Milk is rich in nutrients such as protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals, and moderate consumption of kidney friends can not only meet their own nutritional needs, but also not increase the burden. The content of high-quality protein in milk is about 80%, the protein structure is very close to the human body, and it contains a complete range of essential amino acids and a sufficient amount. The other nutrients in milk are also very friendly to kidney friends. The proper calcium and phosphorus ratio in milk can correct the imbalance of calcium and phosphorus in kidney friends. However, in the face of the market, with a wide variety of shelves and a wide variety of “milk”, how many people are confused and can’t help but ask the soul: As a kidney friend, how should I choose? Fresh milk can be divided into full fat according to fat content Milk, low-fat milk and skimmed milk. Whole milk contains about 3% animal fat, which is saturated fat, suitable for kidney friends with normal blood lipids. Skimmed milk or low-fat milk removes most or half of the fat in the milk, and also loses some of vitamins A and D. Therefore, compared with full-fat milk, calcium supplementation is slightly less effective, but it is more suitable for dyslipidemia. Kidney friend. Lactose intolerant kidney friends can choose “low lactose milk”, that is, Shuhua milk, which is artificially added lactase to hydrolyze lactose in milk and preserve all nutrients. In addition to the advantages of fresh milk, yogurt also added lactic acid bacteria for fermentation. Yogurt contains a lot of active lactic acid bacteria, which can improve the intestinal bacterial flora, regulate the body’s immune function, and increase resistance. Lactic acid bacteria will break down some of the proteins in yogurt into amino acids, which is more conducive to human digestion and absorption. Laccase is produced during the fermentation of yogurt, and kidney friends with lactose intolerance can also drink with confidence. When choosing yoghurts, kidney friends should pay attention to the selection of only yogurt with fresh milk and various lactic acid bacteria. Add up to white sugar or sweeteners. Don’t be fooled by the colorful milk drinks. Lactic acid bacteria beverages are milk beverages made from milk, water and additives. The nutritional content cannot be compared with milk and can only be regarded as beverages. It should be noted that fresh milk and yoghurt are very rich in water, and about 90% of them are water. Nephrologists who need to limit water need to count this part of the water for a day. In addition, milk should not be cooked or heated too many times. Because when the milk is boiled and then continue to heat, the lactose in the milk begins to scorch and gradually decompose into lactic acid and a small amount of formic acid. The vitamins are also destroyed, and even the color, aroma and taste are significantly reduced.