Xiebeilu studio WeChat add369456 Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a common capillary pathologically reactive disease, which increases the permeability and fragility of the blood vessel wall, causing a beginner situation. What is the cause of allergic purpura? Henoch-Schonlein purpura is also known as hemorrhagic chronic vascular poisoning, and an allergic reaction in our microvessels. The most common season for allergic purpura is in spring and autumn. Patients will find some spots and ecchymosis on their skin. The spots may be large or small, and the distribution is not very uniform. There is pain, let’s talk about the cause of the disease. So, if allergic purpura relapses, is it necessary to review? The symptoms of recurrence of anaphylactoid purpura are somewhat similar to the initial symptoms. If the rash completely disappears and reappears, or is accompanied by abdominal pain and joint swelling and pain, it can also cause kidney damage. The recurrence is the same as the original symptom. However, anaphylactoid purpura is a chronic process, so recurrence must be related to early treatment and follow-up, as well as life adjustment. Children with allergic purpura after initial treatment, such as the disappearance of rash, gastrointestinal symptoms relief, joint swelling and pain disappear, long-term follow-up in the outpatient clinic, regular urine check, because urine changes often indicate kidney damage. Kidney damage is prone to appear within 6 months of onset, so urine should be checked frequently and rechecked to see if there is edema or proteinuria. If there is any of the above conditions, active treatment should be taken. If the kidney has no problem after 6 months, you can stop the review. However, some symptoms may reappear after 6 months, and there may be recurrence of the disease. It is necessary to actively find the cause of recurrence. Most of them are infections, strenuous exercise, and stimulation of the external environment. It may cause recurrence of the disease, which is relapse. Be sure to go to the hospital to check if there are induced factors, and then give re-treatment. Therefore, in order to prevent recurrence, it is necessary to pay attention to infection. Most patients with purpura are associated with upper respiratory tract infection or throat discomfort about one or two weeks before the onset of the disease. Bacteria, viruses, mycoplasma, parasitic infections, etc. may cause the recurrence of this disease, we must pay attention to prevention. There is also the restriction of exercise or even bed rest. In fact, during the acute attack period, proper bed rest is necessary to restrict exercise. However, if you are bedridden every day, even the child must carry it on the back of the toilet. It is completely unnecessary.
Whether it is a daily physical examination or a routine examination for nephropathy treatment, to determine whether the kidney function is good or bad, you need to do some kidney-related examinations. Through the examination results, you can more accurately understand the condition of the kidney and the changes in the condition. Accurate examination results are the basis of treatment. There are many nephropathy examination items. Some patients have symptoms of discomfort for the first time, but the examination is not comprehensive, and the disease is not found in time, or the treatment is not timely, resulting in more and more serious illness and missed the best treatment. Time makes it difficult to reverse the condition. Nephropathy examination mainly includes two aspects: one to check blood and two to check urine, and different indicators reflect different kidney functions. Some inspections need to be reviewed multiple times, and some indicators can judge the results only once. Kidney function is not good, these three tests must be checked, no need to struggle! The three major examination items of urine examination are the routine urine examination. The indicators in the routine urine examination mainly reflect two aspects, inflammation and kidney problems. Nephropathy treatment-related indicators mainly include urinary red blood cells, white blood cells, urine protein, and urine specific gravity. High red blood cells and white blood cells indicate inflammation, specifically kidney inflammation or urinary tract inflammation, which needs further examination. The changes in urine protein and urine specific gravity can directly reflect the condition of the kidney. The presence of urine protein + is positive, and the increase in urine specific gravity indicates a problem with the kidney. Of course, the problem of transient urine protein should also be ruled out, that is, physiological factors such as eating too many high-protein foods, vigorous exercise before examination, etc. cause abnormal urine tests. Some patients in the early stage of kidney disease have no obvious symptoms, and there are often obvious abnormalities in the examination indicators, which are of great significance for the early treatment of kidney disease. Compare and see what happens to your test order? Urine morphological analysis sounds very high, what tests are they? Many kidney friends look at the test sheet and may have seen these indicators: tube type, crystal, bacteria, epithelial cells, etc. These tests have an important role in further determining the condition of kidney damage, such as a high rate of urine red blood cell deformation, mostly kidney The damaged glomerulus indicates glomerulonephritis. Urine protein in-depth inspection routine examination can find the presence of urine protein + sign, to clarify the situation of protein leakage, the degree of glomerular damage, the degree of impaired renal function, further urine related examinations are needed. Mainly include: 24-hour urine protein quantification, urine total protein creatinine ratio, urine albumin creatinine ratio and so on. The first two indicators have similar functions and can be replaced with each other, just check some of them. A large amount of protein leakage mainly reflects the impaired glomerular filtration function and the degree of glomerular lesions. In general, the more proteinuria, the more severe the damage to kidney function. The urine albumin creatinine ratio test is more accurate than the previous two tests. It can detect patients with kidney damage, but only mild proteinuria symptoms, such as diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy. If you have a long history of sugar friends and high blood pressure patients, you will find that there is foam in your urine and no symptoms, but you can’t find any problems in urine routine. Remember to check this indicator. Two routine blood tests include blood creatinine, uric acid, and urea nitrogen. The kidneys are detoxifying organs. The increase in these indicators is a manifestation of increased levels of toxins in the body. It also indicates that the kidneys’ detoxification function is reduced. It’s half over. Hemoglobin Hemoglobin mainly plays the role of loosening blood oxygen to ensure normal blood flow rate. If abnormality occurs, most of them indicate anemia. In the middle and late stages of kidney disease, erythropoietin production decreases and spinal cord hematopoiesis decreases, and renal anemia occurs. A small number of patients often detect anemia first, and eventually diagnose kidney disease. Anemia will cause the degeneration of various functions of the body, in particular, it will cause a decline in immunity, which is not conducive to the stability and treatment of the disease. Renal function test In addition to the above tests, to further understand the examination of renal function, there are glomerular filtration rate, memory creatinine clearance rate, renal B ultrasound, electrolyte-related tests, etc. The abnormality of these indicators further indicates changes in renal function, and is particularly critical for the prevention of renal failure. More attention should be paid to the treatment. My name is Yang Yanfang. I am good at various glomerular diseases, such as IgA nephropathy, membranous nephropathy, hematuria, proteinuria, lupus nephritis, and treatment of chronic renal insufficiency. I have more than 40 years of clinical experience. Welcome to pay attention to this account. For related questions, you can leave a message or private message. After reading it, I will answer your confusion in detail.
The human body has 2 kidneys, each kidney has 1 million nephrons, a total of about 2 million. When they are destroyed, the kidneys are destroyed. What is a nephron? A glomerulus filters the blood into raw urine, and a renal tubule filters the raw urine into final urine. As shown in the figure: a glomerulus + a renal tubule, connected together, is a renal unit with renal function. 2 million, sounds like a lot? But be aware that destroying them is actually very simple. These 2 million nephrons are non-renewable. The five intrinsic cells of the kidney have been highly differentiated and are destined to be non-renewable cells. Unlike the liver cells next door, they can also be regenerated. 2 million nephrons, only one-third of the nephrons are needed for daily work. Does it look good? In fact, the kidney is nothing more than to cover up its non-renewable vulnerability. How to kill nephron? 1. Eating outside, the daily intake of sodium for people with exhausted nephrons should not exceed 1500mg, otherwise it will significantly increase blood pressure and urine protein. However, according to the monitoring of nutrition and health status of Chinese residents in 2012, we found that our daily sodium intake was as high as 5706.7 mg, which is 3.8 times the appropriate intake, mainly because of eating too much salt (table salt is sodium chloride). In order to grasp the stomach of diners, restaurants usually put a lot of salt and oil in food and takeout. Some people like to order a lot of meat to eat, and they will unknowingly exceed the protein intake. Excessive salt, oil and protein will increase the burden on the kidneys. Some nephrons are overwhelmed and will be exhausted. Kidneys like you to go home to eat and make healthy meals yourself. 2. Stay up all night, the lack of sleep of the necrosis unit, the body will be in a state of tension for a long time, causing abnormal vasoconstriction, easy to induce continuous increase in systemic blood pressure and intrarenal pressure, and induce and aggravate kidney disease. Compared with people who sleep 7 hours a night, people who sleep less than 6 hours have a 70% increased risk of proteinuria. Proteinuria can cause nephron sclerosis, fibrosis and die completely. Smashed by a mobile phone or tablet in the middle of the night? It hit not only your face, but also your kidney. 3. Snacks, eat pickle of dead kidney unit, do you have much sodium? More, you can taste it with a lot of salt, very salty. Snacks, do they contain more sodium? Most people don’t know. Let’s take a look at the leader of sodium in snacks: the sodium content of plum. 100 grams of plum, containing 7660mg of sodium (remember the daily limit is 1500mg?), the total salt is 19.15g, “a bag of plum 1/5 is salt” is well-deserved. In addition, snacks such as spicy strips, dried beef, shredded squid, seaweed, ham sausage, potato chips, soda crackers, and melon seeds and peanuts are killers of large sodium-containing households and kidney units. 4. Sedentary, feeding the kidney unit thanks to the productivity development brought about by technology, modern people can eat and drink without much physical labor, and at the same time brings a drawback: sedentary. There are more and more patients with diabetes and hypertension in my country, and sedentary, lack of exercise, and obesity are important causes. In today’s nephrology wards, the most common type of kidney disease is diabetic nephropathy, and the number of patients with hypertensive nephropathy is also increasing year by year. Hyperglycemia and high blood pressure can hit the glomeruli and tubules at the same time, eventually causing irreversible necrosis of the nephron. 5. To hold urine, hold the bacteria in the urinary tract of the dead kidney unit to multiply one generation every 20 minutes, and to multiply nine generations in 3 hours, one bacteria can become 512 bacteria. There are 20 bacteria in 1ml of urine, which will reach more than 100,000/ml after 3 hours of reproduction, which may cause urinary tract infections such as “acute urethritis” and “acute cystitis”. Especially for women, due to physiological structure, urinary tract infections are very common, often from acute urinary tract inflammation to chronic nephritis, and then nephrons are killed one by one. 6. Tonic kidney, kidney kidney unit waist, sheep whip, collagen, soup, irregular medicinal diet, etc. People think that “big food” actually contains too much cholesterol, inferior protein, phosphorus, potassium, purine, As well as nephrotoxic substances, harm the nephrons. These so-called supplements not only do not supplement the kidney, but also damage the kidney. Both patients with kidney disease and healthy people must stay away. In our daily life, there are too many kidney-damaging behaviors, which are not listed one by one. Staying up all night and losing dozens of nephrons; eating a meal and drinking, and losing dozens of nephrons; coupled with sedentary, smoking, drinking, snacking, and wrongly nourishing the kidney, so much damage to the kidney Behavior, day after day, year after year,
Whether it is a daily physical examination or a routine examination for nephropathy treatment, to determine whether the kidney function is good or bad, you need to do some kidney-related examinations. Through the examination results, you can more accurately understand the condition of the kidney and the changes in the condition. Accurate examination results are the basis of treatment. There are many nephropathy examination items. Some patients have symptoms of discomfort for the first time, but the examination is not comprehensive, and the disease is not found in time, or the treatment is not timely, resulting in more and more serious illness and missed the best treatment. Time makes it difficult to reverse the condition. Nephropathy examination mainly includes two aspects: one to check blood and two to check urine, and different indicators reflect different kidney functions. Some inspections need to be reviewed multiple times, and some indicators can judge the results only once. Kidney function is not good, these three tests must be checked, no need to struggle! The three major examination items of urine examination are the routine urine examination. The indicators in the routine urine examination mainly reflect two aspects, inflammation and kidney problems. Nephropathy treatment-related indicators mainly include urinary red blood cells, white blood cells, urine protein, and urine specific gravity. High red blood cells and white blood cells indicate inflammation, specifically kidney inflammation or urinary tract inflammation, which needs further examination. The changes in urine protein and urine specific gravity can directly reflect the condition of the kidney. The presence of urine protein + is positive, and the increase in urine specific gravity indicates a problem with the kidney. Of course, the problem of transient urine protein should also be ruled out, that is, physiological factors such as eating too many high-protein foods, vigorous exercise before examination, etc. cause abnormal urine tests. Some patients in the early stage of kidney disease have no obvious symptoms, and there are often obvious abnormalities in the examination indicators, which are of great significance for the early treatment of kidney disease. Compare and see what happens to your test order? Urine morphological analysis sounds very high, what tests are they? Many kidney friends look at the test sheet and may have seen these indicators: tube type, crystal, bacteria, epithelial cells, etc. These tests have an important role in further determining the condition of kidney damage, such as a high rate of urine red blood cell deformation, mostly kidney The damaged glomerulus indicates glomerulonephritis. Urine protein in-depth inspection routine examination can find the presence of urine protein + sign, to clarify the situation of protein leakage, the degree of glomerular damage, the degree of impaired renal function, further urine related examinations are needed. Mainly include: 24-hour urine protein quantification, urine total protein creatinine ratio, urine albumin creatinine ratio and so on. The first two indicators have similar functions and can be replaced with each other, just check some of them. A large amount of protein leakage mainly reflects the impaired glomerular filtration function and the degree of glomerular lesions. In general, the more proteinuria, the more severe the damage to kidney function. The urine albumin creatinine ratio test is more accurate than the previous two tests. It can detect patients with kidney damage, but only mild proteinuria symptoms, such as diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive nephropathy. If you have a long history of sugar friends and high blood pressure patients, you will find that there is foam in your urine and no symptoms, but you can’t find any problems in urine routine. Remember to check this indicator. Two routine blood tests include blood creatinine, uric acid, and urea nitrogen. The kidneys are detoxifying organs. The increase in these indicators is a manifestation of increased levels of toxins in the body. It also indicates that the kidneys’ detoxification function is reduced. It’s half over. Hemoglobin Hemoglobin mainly plays the role of loosening blood oxygen to ensure normal blood flow rate. If abnormality occurs, most of them indicate anemia. In the middle and late stages of kidney disease, erythropoietin production decreases and spinal cord hematopoiesis decreases, and renal anemia occurs. A small number of patients often detect anemia first, and eventually diagnose kidney disease. Anemia will cause the degeneration of various functions of the body, in particular, it will cause a decline in immunity, which is not conducive to the stability and treatment of the disease. Renal function test In addition to the above tests, to further understand the examination of renal function, there are glomerular filtration rate, memory creatinine clearance rate, renal B ultrasound, electrolyte-related tests, etc. The abnormality of these indicators further indicates changes in renal function, and is particularly critical for the prevention of renal failure. More attention should be paid to the treatment.
1. The air conditioner is not always open on hot summer days. Everyone likes to stay in a cool air-conditioned house, but many people do not know that it is easy to breed bacteria and microorganisms in the environment where the air conditioner is turned on for a long time. For those with weak resistance, It is easy to cause various diseases. Such as throat, tonsil inflammation (streptococcal infection), etc., need immediate treatment, and antibiotics should be taken thoroughly, not halfway (by the doctor), otherwise streptococcus is susceptible to kidney disease, especially for children. But in the process of using antibiotics, we must pay attention to the appropriate amount and appropriate to avoid antibiotic poisoning. 2. Overeating Nowadays, more and more people like to have dinner together. They often eat too much big fish and meat and seafood without restraint. Some people ask, how can you eat kidney disease? Seafood is high-purine food, uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism, disorder of purine metabolism or reduced excretion of uric acid by the kidneys can increase blood uric acid. When the concentration of urate in the blood is supersaturated, urate precipitation crystals can be deposited in the kidneys, causing renal parenchymal damage. This is “uric acid kidney neck, also known as “hyperuricemia kidney neck. And eat Potato chips, instant noodles, etc., can make people unknowingly absorb excessive salt, leading to increased blood pressure, which can lead to kidney disease. As for soft drinks and sports drinks, they are generally highly acidic. The pH of the body changes significantly after drinking. Increased probability of damage due to increased burden. 3. The most direct injury to the kidneys caused by high temperature is the high temperature in midsummer, and high temperature has direct damage to the kidneys of the human body, which can lead to dehydration of the human body and low urine output, resulting in increased kidney load and loss of water and salt metabolism in the body. , Affecting normal physiological functions, causing abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. The best way to protect the kidneys in summer is to drink a small amount of cold boiled water many times to promote normal metabolism and protect kidney health. 4. How to replenish water? Kidney is the main place for excretion of metabolic wastes and medicines. Summer heat is prone to sweating a lot, so the water lost through the skin every day greatly increases, up to more than 1000 ml. Urine is concentrated when there is a lack of water, and the concentration of these substances in the urine is significantly increased, which is easy to cause kidney damage. If water is not added in time, it is easy to cause water shortage and kidney damage. Therefore, some kidney patients should pay special attention to supplement water. For the elderly, they often have no obvious thirst when the water is obviously lacking. When the weather is hot, the elderly have decreased appetite and increased sweating. In addition, the kidneys have poor water retention capacity and often have no thirst when they lack water. It is easy to cause severe water shortage and lead to damage to kidney function. The elderly must develop the habit of drinking water in moderation without being thirsty. Proper drinking before bed also helps prevent plasma concentration and thrombosis. The elderly have reduced kidney concentration and more urine at night, so they should drink water before going to bed. So how much water should each person replenish each day? This varies from person to person. The general principle is to maintain 24-hour urine output at 2000-3000 ml. We should pay attention to drinking water reasonably and develop the habit of drinking water daily. The best time to drink water is between meals and in the evening and early morning, but avoid drinking large amounts of water within half an hour before meals and immediately after eating to avoid diluting stomach acid, affecting appetite and digestion. As for what kind of water is best to drink, don’t pay too much attention, ordinary drinking water will do. 5. Periodic inspection is very important. Lastly, it is mentioned that kidney function tests are often done. It is best to stipulate that you must do routine urine screening and blood pressure tests every six months. Almost half of kidney patients undergo kidney damage unknowingly, so when the body feels unwell, it may be the end of kidney disease (uremia)-it is time to rely on the dialysis machine to survive. Summer is a splendid and beautiful season, don’t let the disease take advantage of bad habits. The kidney is very important for a person. The normal operation of the kidney function ensures the stability of the environment in the body and allows the metabolism to proceed normally. We can protect it so that it can better solve problems for us. Finally, I wish all my friends good health and stay away from disease!
After many people have kidney disease, they become uremia indistinctly. It is even unclear when the kidney started to be “injured”. Uremia is not a single-onset disease, it is the end stage of the development of chronic kidney disease, that is, the state of kidney failure. So where does chronic kidney disease come from? Chronic kidney disease is mainly divided into two categories, one is primary kidney disease, and the other is secondary kidney disease. 1. Primary nephropathy Primary nephropathy refers to a disease that originates inside the kidney, such as glomerulitis, pyelonephritis, occult nephritis, and kidney stones. If it does not recover after more than 3 months, and the relevant examination indicators are always abnormal, or the effective glomerular filtration rate is less than 60%, it can be regarded as “chronic kidney disease”. 2. Secondary kidney disease is caused by other diseases. The secondary kidney disease, such as high blood pressure, is like pressing a mountain on the kidney. It is likely to cause excessive blood vessel pressure, protein leakage, and structural effects on the filter. The destruction eventually leads to hardening of the kidneys. Another example is diabetic nephropathy, which has become the second leading cause of uremia. Excess blood sugar will produce a large amount of glycosylation end products, which are deposited in the kidneys, block the renal tubules and blood vessels, cause various inflammatory reactions or microvascular lesions, and eventually “stretch” the glomeruli. In addition, gout, lupus erythematosus, and hyperlipidemia are all high-risk factors. If it cannot be cured or contained effectively, it can easily develop into uremia.
Diabetic kidney complications are one of the most common complications in the long-term course of diabetes. Whether it is type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, if there is no active blood sugar control, the chance of diabetic kidney complications is very high. What are the symptoms of diabetes affecting kidney function? How to prevent the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy? Today we will briefly introduce this knowledge. First of all, it is important to emphasize that for diabetics, it must be recognized that the harm of high blood sugar to kidney health is huge, and it is also slow and gradual. Once you understand this, you should actively control blood sugar and regularly It is not scientific to check the kidney function without waiting for the symptoms to suspect that high blood sugar hurts the kidney or even when the kidney function is abnormal. Although it is not too late to make up for it, it is better if we can plan ahead. The pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy is diversified and more complicated, which is related to genetic factors of personal constitution and hemodynamic changes of high blood glucose on the formation of small arterial arteries of the kidneys, resulting in the sclerosis of small arteries of the kidneys. At the same time, abnormal glucose metabolism , It also causes abnormal metabolism of various substances in the kidney area, which also affects the health of the kidney. In addition, diabetes combined with high blood pressure is also an important risk factor for kidney disease. Under the function of these factors, our kidneys Health is gradually affected until renal function is impaired, and eventually it will eventually develop into renal failure. Diabetes-related clinical manifestations of kidney damage. Diabetic hyperglycemia can damage kidney health and cause gradual changes in kidney function. The most common sign of diabetes affecting kidney health is the appearance of trace proteinuria. However, it should be understood that the occurrence of trace proteinuria is not the initial stage of diabetes damage to the kidneys, but that diabetes has a clear sign of damage to the kidneys. From the occurrence of diabetes, it is pointed out that high blood sugar has begun to affect kidney health The health of the ball is affected, and it is not that the symptoms of proteinuria will occur at once, and under the long-term influence of high blood sugar, when trace proteinuria occurs, usually from the stage, diabetic nephropathy has reached the level of stage 3. Another manifestation of diabetic kidney damage is the emergence of high blood pressure. Almost all the complications of diabetic nephropathy will eventually cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure itself is also a chronic disease that damages kidney health. If the diabetic person’s blood pressure is not high, but the blood pressure gradually begins to rise or even diagnosed as high blood pressure, it is necessary to actively investigate the changes in kidney function. Usually, high blood pressure in type 1 diabetic patients is often accompanied by trace proteinuria There are many types of diabetes in people with type 2 diabetes, and many high blood pressures appear before the abnormal kidney function. However, no matter whether it is the increase in blood pressure caused by diabetic nephropathy or primary hypertension combined with diabetes affecting kidney health, it is worth noting that it should be As early as possible, actively regulate the problem of hypertension. If there are problems such as trace proteinuria and elevated blood pressure, you still do not pay attention to actively control blood sugar and protect kidney function. The kidney damage caused by diabetes will increase further. At this time, it will show continuous proteinuria and glomerular filtration The rate also began to decline, kidney function began to decline, and most patients will show symptoms of edema, and about 20% of patients will have problems with nephrotic syndrome. The most serious complication of diabetic nephropathy is renal failure, manifested by the loss of function of most nephrons, uremia symptoms, glomerular filtration rate of less than 10, and accompanied by increased blood creatinine, such a situation belongs to Diabetes end-stage renal disease, kidney failure, is generally maintained by dialysis or organ transplantation. How to reduce the risk of diabetic kidney complications If you want to reduce the health hazards of diabetes to the kidneys and reduce the risk of kidney complications caused by diabetes, the first thing to do is, of course, to be active and control your blood sugar levels as early as possible. Again, it is too late to control blood sugar when there are symptoms of kidney damage or a decline in kidney indicators. You should be aware of the rise in blood sugar and actively control blood sugar when new diabetes develops. If you can control the blood sugar as early as possible, you can greatly reduce the occurrence of diabetic nephropathy complications
Shi Shurong studio WeChat xyk261 Speaking of allergic purpura, how much will be tortured! If you feel that you are not cured, you will be looked at differently, so how do you recover quickly during the treatment? 1. Why does allergic purpura occur? The specific pathogenesis of anaphylactoid purpura is related to the dysfunction of the autoimmune system, causing allergic inflammation and bleeding in the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract, and renal small blood vessels. Henoch-Schonlein purpura is usually the first symptom of a skin rash, which is common in the legs and buttocks, as well as joint swelling and pain, abdominal pain, and kidney damage. The peak period of allergic purpura is divided into two peaks, one for children and one for young adults. Children have immune functions that are not very healthy. During the development of immune functions, if they are stimulated by antigens, there may be an allergic reaction. Kidney damage is common. Because a child’s kidney function develops relatively quickly, he not only shows it in a rash, but one of the most common problems with impaired kidney function. And another common thing is that there is relatively little abdominal pain. First, avoid these common habits! 1. In the prone period, some anti-allergic drugs can be used appropriately, such as loratadine, cetirizine hydrochloride tablets, and glucocorticoids, which can effectively reduce the recurrence rate. 2. Pay attention to daily diet control, eat less spicy and stimulating, cold seafood foods, eat more fruits and vegetables rich in vitamins, and add enough vitamin C. 3. Avoid strenuous exercise. Don’t be too tired, you can do appropriate physical exercise to enhance your own immunity. 4. Do not stop the medicine, reduce the dosage or change the treatment without authorization. Allergic purpura in Chinese medicine “purpura” and “purple spot” belong to the category of blood syndrome. The disease syndromes such as “grape blight”, “muscle epidemic” and “plaque poison” recorded in ancient Chinese medicine books are similar to this disease. The treatment of this disease is mainly based on clearing heat and cooling blood, and the deficiency is mainly based on supplementing qi and blood, nourishing yin and reducing fire. Proof card must pay attention to the mutual transformation of the syndrome types or see them at the same time. It is advisable to distinguish between the primary and the secondary during treatment and make overall consideration. Therefore, it is recommended that the combination of Chinese and Western medicine should be integrated to support and strengthen the foundation.
Speaking of uremia, many people think it is a very terrible disease. In fact, with the development of medical technology, the treatment of uremia has made great progress. As long as the dialysis and other treatments are standardized, it can be as good as normal people. Good quality of life. But at the same time, it should be noted that uremia means that the function of the kidney has been seriously damaged, and as the kidney’s excretory function is weakened, the body’s toxins may increase. Therefore, patients with uremia should pay attention to dietary conditioning while receiving drugs and dialysis treatment. So which dietary habits of uremia patients are not conducive to physical recovery? What eating habits are bad for people with uremia? The most essential problem of uremia is poor kidney function, that is to say, the filtration ability has been reduced to a certain extent, and the excessive potassium and protein in the body may have a higher risk of retention, resulting in increased inventory. If you do not pay attention to your diet, it may lead to a critical situation of electrolyte disorders such as hyperkalemia! Taking hyperkalemia as an example, cells cannot be excited, which can lead to cardiac arrest! (1) High-salt diet For patients with uremia, experts recommend that the daily sodium intake should not exceed 3g. A high-salt diet is actually a risk factor for many diseases. The sodium salt in the body is mainly excreted by the kidneys. Excessive intake will increase the burden on the kidneys, and the more salt, the more water will be consumed. At the same time, the edema will also increase. In addition to table salt, there are some foods with hidden salt, such as some seasonings, preserved foods, snacks and biscuits. (2) High protein diet uremia is recommended for low protein diets, to be precise, a high-quality protein diet with a reduced total amount. On the one hand, protein is the main body for the supply of essential amino acids, on the other hand, excessive intake will lead to azotemia and increase the burden on the kidneys. Therefore, on the basis of ensuring the supply of human nutrition, we must choose high-quality animal protein that contains a lot of essential amino acids, such as eggs, milk, and lean meat. (3) High phosphorus diet The phosphorus we ingest is mainly excreted through the kidneys. In patients with uremia, weakened excretory function leads to an increase in blood phosphorus, resulting in secondary hyperparathyroidism, vascular calcification and other complications. Therefore, the diet of uremic patients should limit the intake of phosphorus. Eat less dairy products, egg yolks, shrimps, animal offal, nuts and other high-phosphorus foods. (4) High potassium diet Hyperkalemia is a common complication of uremia, and many may be asymptomatic at first, sudden arrhythmia or even death. Therefore, you should eat less high-potassium foods, such as kelp, seaweed, potatoes, dried fruits, nuts and seeds. After soaking green vegetables, soak them in boiling water to reduce potassium in food. (5) High purine diet Because uric acid is also excreted by the kidneys, uremia patients may also have hyperuricemia, so eat high purine food in the diet to avoid blood uric acid from rising too fast. For example, offal, beer, mushrooms, etc. (6) People who love carambola with bad kidneys should not eat carambola. If patients with kidney disease consume too much carambola, the neurotoxins contained in them may cause limb weakness, numbness of hands and feet, confusion and other symptoms in patients with nephropathy. At the same time, carambola has high potassium content. Patients with renal failure, even if they only eat one carambola, will have different levels of toxic reactions, leading to rapid development of the disease into uremia and even death. In conclusion, for uremic patients, a scientific and reasonable diet is very important. In addition to the foods mentioned above, kidney friends should also pay attention to avoid eating spicy cold food because spicy cold and other irritating In addition to irritating the gastrointestinal tract and damaging the gastric mucosa, food will also increase the viscosity of the blood and increase the burden on the kidneys. References: Guanghui, Xu Yaning, Lei Gui’e. Dietary taboos and food therapy for patients with nephropathy[J]. Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2001,23(4):55-55. , Thank you for the picture author, if you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me, I will delete it.)
The ancients said, “Kidney is the basis of birth”, which shows the importance of a healthy kidney. The kidney is of great significance for maintaining the relative balance of the human body environment. We all know that human kidney function will gradually decline with age. And in daily life, many people’s living habits or behaviors can also cause kidney damage. Some experts pointed out that the kidneys have “four fears”, and it is best to not occupy one. Do five points. What do these “four fears” and “five points” mean? What are the “four fears” of the kidneys? (1) The first fear: long-term or excessive use of nephrotoxic Chinese herbal medicines or western medicines can lead to kidney damage: these drugs include Chinese herbal medicines containing aristolochic acid, such as Guan Mutong, Guang Fang Ji, Aristolochia, Aoki Incense, celestial vine, wood anti-self, asarum, etc. Drugs that can cause kidney damage due to excessive use of Western medicine include: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen, indomethacin, aspirin), aminoglycosides (such as neomycin, amikacin, gentamicin) , Tobramycin, netilmicin, streptomycin), some cephalosporins, sulfonamides, quinolones, tetracyclines, rifampicin, acyclovir, glucocorticoids, methyltestosterone, phenylpropyl Nandrolone, testosterone propionate, cyclosporine, diuretics, etc. Note that if the use is standardized under the guidance of a specialist, and the usage, dosage and course of treatment are reasonable, there is no need to worry about kidney damage. (2) Second fear: often hold back urine Many people develop bad habits of holding back urine due to occupations (such as long-distance bus drivers) or hobbies (such as playing mahjong). Some people even think that the longer they hold back their urine, the better the kidney function. In order to hold back longer, they deliberately reduce the number of times they drink water. In fact, holding back urine will not only seriously affect the excretion of metabolic wastes, but also affect the reabsorption of toxins and seriously damage the kidneys. (3) The third fear: long-term drinking of strong tea Some people will drink strong tea after drinking to hangover. In fact, drinking strong tea does not hangover, and it will also hurt the kidneys. This is because theophylline in strong tea can quickly produce a diuretic effect through the kidneys. At this time, ethanol is excreted from the kidney before it can be decomposed again, so that the kidney is stimulated by a large amount of ethanol, resulting in damage to kidney function. Therefore, it is unreliable to expect strong tea to hangover. Many people in life like to drink strong tea. It should be noted that the content of oxalic acid in strong tea may be greatly increased, so the amount absorbed by the body will also increase. Secondly, you should not drink tea on an empty stomach. The absorption rate of oxalic acid in the fasting state is greatly increased, which can cause the content of oxalic acid in urine to also increase. Again, pay attention to control the amount of tea consumed. Under normal circumstances, the amount of tea consumed per day is controlled within 10g, and the intake of oxalic acid is between 2.0-60mg, which is relatively safe. (4) Fourth fear: if you drink too little, if you do not drink for a long time, your urine volume will decrease, and the concentration of waste and toxins in your urine will increase. Common clinical kidney stones and hydronephrosis are closely related to not drinking for a long time. Drinking plenty of water can dilute the urine, can fully discharge waste and toxins, which is conducive to protecting the kidneys. In addition to the above-mentioned “four fears”, long-term staying up late, frequent alcoholism, overeating, eating too salty and other unhealthy lifestyles can damage the kidneys and should be avoided. What are the five points for kidney protection? (1) Avoid the abuse of drugs and health products: they should be used as much as possible under the guidance of doctors, and should not be taken indiscriminately, especially painkillers, various prescriptions, Chinese herbal medicines, etc. In addition, health products should not be abused. (2) Drink plenty of water, do not hold back urine: Drink plenty of water can help the body to discharge metabolic waste, thereby preventing urinary tract infections, urinary tract stones and other diseases. (3) Reasonable diet, quit smoking and alcohol, do not drink strong tea and thick broth: do not overeating, eat more fruits and vegetables, and eat less high-salt, high-fat and high-protein diets. In addition, not smoking, drinking alcohol, or drinking strong tea also helps protect the kidneys. In some places, the diet is like drinking broth. It is necessary to remind here that long-term drinking of broth is not recommended, because the content of salt and purine is relatively high, which is easy to induce hypertension and hyperuricemia, which indirectly causes kidney damage. (4) Control blood pressure and blood sugar: Hypertension and hyperglycemia are important factors that affect kidney health, so pay attention to control blood pressure and blood sugar. Friends with chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, etc., need to take medication regularly, regularly monitor blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and control within a reasonable range to prevent concurrent kidney disease. (5) Regular physical examination: regular physical examination can discover nephropathy in time, standard physical examination at least once a year, routine items
Since kidney involvement is the main manifestation of lupus nephritis, the dietary requirements for patients are strict. The following precautions should be kept in mind: 1. High-quality protein: due to the impaired kidney function of the patient, a large amount of protein is often lost from urine, thus Cause hypoproteinemia. It can be supplemented by ingesting enough high-quality protein, such as milk, egg white, lean meat, fish and other protein-rich foods, to reduce the intake of plant protein. 2. Low-salt diet: Patients with lupus nephritis are likely to cause water and sodium retention due to kidney damage, causing edema and increased blood pressure, so patients should also limit intake of water and low-salt diet to avoid increasing the burden on the kidneys. 3. Low-sugar diet: Because patients with lupus nephritis take glucocorticoids for a long time, it is easy to cause steroid diabetes and Cushing’s syndrome. Therefore, it is necessary to properly control the amount of food and eat less food with high sugar content. 4. Low-fat diet: This is due to the patient’s low activity and poor digestive ability. It is appropriate to eat light and digestible foods. Avoid fried foods and fatty fats and animal offal. 5. Supplement calcium to prevent osteoporosis caused by long-term use of glucocorticoids; eat more vitamin-rich vegetables and fruits. In fact, the diet of lupus erythematosus is still complicated, and it also varies from person to person. Due to the large differences between patients, individual problems should also be treated individually. The principle that is mastered is that it can neither be “forfeited due to choking” or “unbridled”, and patients can make appropriate adjustments according to their own medical conditions and physical conditions. What do you think of this? Welcome to leave a comment~
In life, many friends will only appear if the kidney deficiency is a male friend, but in fact, in addition to the symptoms of kidney deficiency in men, even female friends may be troubled by the symptoms of kidney deficiency. Therefore, at this time, female friends must properly kidney. So how can a woman nourish the kidney? What are the ways to nourish the kidney? These 6 “magic weapons” can help you solve your troubles~ Magic weapon one: good kidney is also eaten if you want to nourish the kidney: yam: it has the effect of nourishing kidney and essence. Yam contains a variety of nutrients, which can strengthen the body and nourish the kidney. Any woman who has symptoms such as leucorrhea and frequent urination can take it; chestnuts: have the effect of nourishing the kidney and strengthening the waist. Eating 2 chestnuts raw every day in the morning and evening can help treat symptoms such as kidney deficiency and frequent urination in the elderly. It is recommended to boil 10 chestnuts, pig kidney, barley and rice together to make porridge, which is also effective for the treatment of waist and leg weakness caused by general kidney deficiency. Don’t eat if you want to make up the kidneys: raw cold greasy food: such as cold drinks, sashimi, raw cucumber, watermelon, melon and fried food; spicy food: such as onion, garlic, chili, fennel, pepper. Magic two: often do strong kidney exercises to keep your feet parallel and shoulder-width apart. When looking at the direction of the nose, both hands hang down naturally, the palm is pressed against the seam of the trousers, and the fingers can be opened naturally. Then lift the heel and breathe nine times in a row before stopping. Afterwards, as you breathe, slowly bend your knees and squat. At this time, the back of your hands gradually turns to the front, and the tiger’s mouth is facing the ankle. When the hand is close to the ground, clench your fist slightly and inhale your foot; after you breathe in, hold your breath, the body will slowly rise; your hands will hang down, and gradually clenched into a fist; exhale, the body will stand upright, arms Twist outwards, palms toward the front, elbows squeezed toward the ribs from both sides, slightly press the ribs, while the body and heels are strongly lifted, and do anal motion. Magic III: After doing a foot massage and rubbing the palm of your hand, use your left hand to rub the sole of your right foot, while your right hand rubs the sole of your left foot. Do this every morning and evening, rubbing about 300 times each time. According to the introduction of traditional Chinese medicine, the Yongquan point on the sole of the foot is the well point of the kidney meridian. If you can massage the Yongquan point often, you can benefit the essence and nourish the kidney, relieve liver and eyesight, help sleep, strengthen the body, refresh the spirit and prevent aging. Anti-aging effect. In addition, massage of this acupoint can also help to treat diseases such as dizziness, insomnia, tinnitus, and top pain caused by kidney deficiency. Magic 4: Do a waist massage, rub your palms until the palms are hot, put them on your waist, and massage your waist up and down until you feel warm. Insist on massage every morning and evening, about 200 times each time. Doing so can play a role in warming up the life and strengthening the kidney. First, make a fist with both hands, and use the protruding parts of the palm joints of both hands to massage the waist and eyes. Pay attention to circular inward massage. Gradually press hard and use the soreness as the degree. This massage continues for about 10 minutes. Massage once in the morning, middle and evening. Magic five: Keep in good health exercises 1. Tai Chi: If you have time, you can learn Tai Chi, because Tai Chi can soothe people’s emotions, move muscles, strengthen the body, and of course strengthen the kidneys. . 2. Anal contraction exercise: This exercise can be performed whenever and wherever possible. First, relax your body and breathe naturally and slowly: do anal contraction every time you exhale and relax after inhaling, so you can do it about 30 times in a row. This small exercise is very beneficial for nourishing the kidney, and at the same time can prevent the enuresis that the elderly cannot control. Magic Six: Sleep decompression Sleep time must ensure that you sleep enough for 7 hours, fatigue can not improve health. However, do not exceed 8 hours, too much sleep will make you more tired; do not drink a lot of water before going to bed, because when the kidney is weak, the water and fluid metabolism is not good, and it is easy to edema. You can drink honey and yogurt at night, so that your face will be better the next day; maintain an optimistic attitude and reduce stress.
Kidney is not good, can be divided into two situations, one is the “kidney deficiency” in the category of traditional Chinese medicine, but the kidney function is normal; the other is the “kidney insufficiency” in Western medicine, although the same kidney deficiency, but due to kidney function Decline, which can cause a series of changes in the body. Here may wish to combine kidney deficiency in the category of traditional Chinese medicine with poor kidney function in the category of western medicine to see which symptoms of the hands and feet need attention. Kidney is not good, what is the performance of hands and feet? 1. Weakness of hands and feet Whether it is kidney deficiency or renal insufficiency, patients can have weakness of hands and feet. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, the kidney is the “innate foundation” and “source of life.” Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the kidney stores essence and essence as the basic substance for the human body to maintain life activities. Kidney deficiency can lead to loss of body essence and lack of kidney essence. Life activities of all aspects of the body are affected. Therefore, dizziness, headache, waist and knee weakness, and weakness in hands and feet can occur, so Chinese medicine needs kidney and essence. In Western medicine, the kidneys can maintain the balance of water, electrolytes and acid hydrolysis in the body, and play a role in excreting metabolic waste. As long as the kidney function is normal, there will be few signs of hand and foot fatigue, but when kidney dysfunction occurs, there will be a series of complications such as electrolyte disturbance, renal anemia, and hypocalcemia, which will lead to hand and foot fatigue. 2. When the hands and feet are swollen and renal insufficiency, on the one hand, the water in the body cannot be smoothly discharged through the kidneys, causing a large amount of liquid to stay in the body, the liquid will overflow through the blood vessels to the tissue gap, causing the hands and feet to swell; on the other hand, the albumin in the body A large amount of urine is excreted through the kidneys, which is also called proteinuria. After a large amount of albumin is excreted, it will cause the body to have low protein, and the plasma colloid osmotic pressure will decrease, resulting in a pressure difference between the inside and outside of the blood vessel. This will further increase the penetration of water in the blood vessel into the tissue and increase the swelling of the hands and feet. 3. Cold hands and feet If a man has cold hands and feet, it may be a manifestation of kidney yang deficiency in Chinese medicine. In traditional Chinese medicine, kidney deficiency is divided into kidney yin deficiency and kidney yang deficiency. As the saying goes, “yang deficiency is cold”, limbs are cold and cold, and cold hands and feet are typical manifestations of kidney yang deficiency. Men may also experience decreased libido, Problems such as impotence and premature ejaculation. 4. The number of erythrocytes in the body of nail whitening remains normal, and it needs to rely on the binding of erythropoietin to the surface receptors of erythroid progenitor cells to promote bone marrow differentiation of erythrocytes, and the erythropoietin in the body is mainly produced by the kidneys, and renal dysfunction It is the reduction of erythropoietin secretion, which will lead to the reduction of red blood cells. The most direct consequence is to cause renal anemia, which is manifested as whitening of lips, skin mucous membranes or nails, and the normal nail color is usually pale red. 5. Toe wear The toes are likely to be easily worn: If there is a problem with the kidney, it is easy to show that the body is weak, and the toes will be easily worn away, resulting in foot injuries. In short, no matter from the perspective of Chinese medicine or Western medicine, the kidney is one of the most important organs. When the above changes in the hands and feet occur, remember to check the kidney. It is likely that the kidney is not performing well. You need to go to the hospital to see the nephrology department. , Further examination of kidney function, including auxiliary examination of kidney morphology (ultrasound) and function (urinary routine, blood creatinine). (Part of the picture source network in the article, the copyright belongs to the original author, thank you for the picture author, if you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me, I will delete it.)
Everyone knows that the kidney is one of our most important organs. Once inflamed, it may damage kidney function and cause problems with the body’s metabolic system. However, there are three types of kidney inflammation, each of which has a different cause and damage to kidney function. For example, pyelonephritis, you don’t have to be too panic and feel that you will definitely have kidney failure. The kidney is a very complex organ, which looks like a big pea, but the structure inside is very finely divided, so when a lesion occurs, it will have different effects and reactions; but the main function of the kidney is to metabolize waste in the body, you can imagine Cheng is the same as the recycling plant and sewage treatment plant in the body, there are many units, but the whole has a common function. The blood entrained with waste will first be filtered through the glomerulus, which can be thought of as the “sediment” of the sewage treatment plant. The glomerulus will retain the macromolecular substances that can be recycled, such as most of the water and protein. After filtering the blood, another round of treatment is performed in the renal tubules to discharge small molecules such as urea and uric acid. The electrolyte depends on whether the body needs it. Too much is discharged and too little is left. Toxic substances are also metabolized here. After these filtrations, urine is finally left to be excreted. At this time, it will be stored in the kidney calyx and renal pelvis in the center of the kidney, which is also the source of the urinary tract system, and then the urine will follow the ureter, bladder, and urethra The channel is drained, which is why urinary tract infections can cause pyelonephritis. In short, pyelonephritis is an inflammation of the “reservoir”. Basically, 90% of pyelonephritis comes from urinary tract infections, that is, infection from the urethra and bladder all the way to the renal pelvis. The doctor said that girls are more prone to urinary tract infections and are more likely to cause pyelonephritis, because the rate of hospitalization for pyelonephritis is slightly higher than that of boys, about 1.1 to 1.5 times. Another reason may be that bacteria in the blood flow to the kidneys to cause infections or infections through the lymph fluid, but in general, pyelonephritis is caused by bacterial infections. The doctor said: “Bacteria have a very strong multiplying ability. 100 bacteria will become 10,000 in 30 minutes”, so it is very important to sterilize the first time. Pyelonephritis will initially have symptoms of dysuria and urinary urination. Later, it will cause backache and fever, and urine will become thicker due to increased white blood cells. The doctor said that if there is no natural fever after 1 to 3 days of treatment, hospitalization should be considered, but if the white blood cells in the blood exceed 10,000, if there is a fever, they must be hospitalized; generally, the acute phase requires about 10 to 14 days of antibiotic treatment If there is hospitalization, the hospitalization is limited to 7 days. Although acute pyelonephritis does not need to be too scared and will not damage kidney function, if it is not treated, it may also be caused by bacteria invading the blood, and septicemia, shock and even death. Even if it is a fluke, it does not immediately cause death, and it evolves into chronic pyelonephritis. The kidney will gradually shrink because the pelvis has been in an inflamed state. As mentioned above, the glomerulus is the part of the kidney that filters large molecules, so if the glomerulus is inflamed, it cannot filter proteins, and even the blood cell protein such as red blood cells cannot be retained, so it will cause proteinuria and hematuria. Because there is no way to filter the water, it will also cause edema and high blood pressure in the extremities, but the acute symptoms come and go quickly. At present, most glomerulonephritis does not know the cause, which is called primary glomerulonephritis. Other common causes, such as autoimmune diseases, or immune reactions caused by viruses or bacteria attack the glomerulonephritis. Wait, but in simple terms, glomerulonephritis can be said to be a reaction caused by immune diseases. Common tonsillitis, upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, and otitis media may cause acute glomerulonephritis in infants, young children, and adolescents. Hepatitis B and C may cause acute glomerulonephritis in adults. Acute glomerulonephritis does not actually cause much damage to renal function, but chronic glomerulonephritis is the number one cause of renal failure in statistics. Chronic glomerulonephritis is mostly caused by the deposition of immunoglobulin IgA in the kidney, and immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus may induce the deposition of immunoglobulin. Most steroids are now used to delay the progress of kidney disease. Other supplementary drugs and dietary treatments are tailored according to the physical condition of each person. As mentioned earlier, the renal tubule is the part of the kidney that is responsible for filtering small molecules and most toxic substances.
Nowadays, we are getting more and more stressed in our lives. People around us, including ourselves, will have more or less physical diseases. We all know that the harm caused by disease is great and very painful, so we must cure it in time and understand prevention and understanding in front of the disease. In the budding stage of kidney failure, people will have 5 uncomfortable, don’t bear to pass it and kidney failure is also a common disease of renal dysfunction, mainly divided into acute and chronic situations. Acute kidney failure has a rapid onset, which can suddenly cause the kidneys to lose function, while chronic kidney failure is a series of diseases that result in a decline in kidney function during long-term kidney failure. Therefore, for this disease, it is best to understand its early symptoms, which is very helpful to find the disease. 1. Drowsiness and fatigue This is the earliest manifestation of kidney failure, but it is also often the most easily overlooked. Due to the continuous accumulation of waste and toxins in the body, patients will feel general discomfort, mainly manifested as drowsiness, fatigue, backache and so on. However, most people think that this phenomenon of general fatigue is only the fatigue brought about in daily life or work, and it can be better with a little rest the next day, so it is most easily overlooked. 2. Anemia due to weakened kidney function, resulting in a decrease in erythropoietin, which will cause anemia. Anemia is easy to cause weak kidneys, which makes patients often feel cold and tired, and their faces are yellow. The development of this malnutrition is also very slow, so it is not easy to be discovered by people in a short time. Renal failure has reached a certain point, and the kidney cannot secrete erythropoietin, so it is also called renal anemia. 3. Edema In general, the phenomenon of edema is relatively easy to be found in the symptoms of renal failure. The occurrence of edema is mostly due to the inability of the kidneys to remove too much water from the body, resulting in increased tissue fluid and accumulation in the interstitial spaces of the body. Therefore, it is usually edema on the eyelid or ankle, but if it is serious, it will become persistent or systemic puffiness, and the depressed area cannot be recovered immediately after pressing. 4. Increased blood pressure Patients with renal failure will have different degrees of hypertension in the early stage. This is because the stage of renal failure has severely damaged glomeruli and continues to be in a state of severe ischemia and hypoxia. Therefore, if the blood pressure of blood vessels in the body is not effectively relieved, there will be a persistent increase in blood pressure. 5. Patients with poor appetite and early renal failure often show loss of appetite. This is due to the retention of metabolic waste and metabolic acidosis in the human body, which can cause intestinal dysfunction, reduce gastrointestinal motility, and may cause nausea and vomiting. Symptoms such as decreased appetite. I often have a bad appetite, but most people still disagree and will not go to the doctor until it is serious.
As we all know, the kidney is one of the most important organs in the human body. The function of the kidney is mainly to excrete metabolites and to regulate the balance of water, electrolytes and acid-base, to maintain the stability of the internal environment of the body, thereby ensuring the normal physiological function of the body. Nephritis is a common disease. In recent years, the incidence of nephritis has shown a clear increasing trend, which has aroused widespread concern. Once suffering from nephritis, it will seriously affect people’s work and study. Nephritis is a group of kidney diseases that are immune-mediated and involved in inflammatory mediators, which ultimately leads to inflammatory changes in the kidney’s inherent tissues, causing varying degrees of renal dysfunction. Nephritis is an immune inflammatory disease. Its onset is caused by many reasons. After suffering from nephritis, patients will have inflammatory reactions, as well as proteinuria, hematuria, and various degrees of body edema. Nephritis can be divided into two types: acute nephritis and chronic nephritis. Acute nephritis is an acute disease caused by bacterial infection. After infection, clinical symptoms such as hematuria, proteinuria, edema, high blood pressure, etc., and acute nephritis have occurred for one year or more. Will turn into chronic nephritis. Chronic nephritis is a very long-term disease, which must last at least ten years. The incidence of nephritis is mainly young and middle-aged, and treatment of nephritis is more difficult, and drug control can generally delay the condition for only a decade or two. After that, many patients’ conditions will turn into chronic renal failure, which is an irreversible disease. Nephritis is generally not contagious. When the patient’s urine contains a large number of bacteria, it will cause urinary tract infections, resulting in urinary tract irritation and other symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria. But for this kind of problem, generally do not draw conclusions too early, which is closely related to the etiology of nephritis. But no matter what kind of nephritis, it will not be transmitted to others through certain channels. It is often said that nephritis is primary, and the specific etiology is not yet clear. It is generally believed that the human body’s immune response to certain pathogenic factors is not caused by these pathogenic factors directly affecting the kidney’s infection or destruction. . Patients suffering from nephritis should pay attention to diet and daily habits. Smoking and drinking alcohol can cause a variety of kidney damage, and it has a great impact on the glomeruli. In addition, pustules are an infectious skin disease that can cause acute nephritis once ruptured, and exposure to people with pustules may cause acute nephritis. In addition, hepatitis B virus hepatitis can also cause nephritis, the virus will be transported to the kidney with the blood, causing different degrees of kidney damage. And tuberculosis patients will spread to the kidneys by blood, causing kidney tuberculosis, which is the severity of the disease caused by different causes. It is worth noting that patients should avoid fatigue, remove infections and other incentives, avoid exposure to nephrotoxic drugs or poisons, quit smoking, exercise in moderation, control emotions, and arrange a reasonable diet. The diet should be light, eat spicy and stimulating food, and avoid increasing the burden on the kidneys. People with nephritis who still have normal renal function do not need to limit protein intake. However, protein intake should be limited during azotemia, and mainly based on high-quality animal protein, and oliguria should limit fluid intake. In addition, according to the etiology and pathogenesis, it is necessary to formulate corresponding treatment plans, and follow the doctor’s instructions to get better treatment results.
Uremic disease (also known as end-stage renal disease) is a common outcome of chronic kidney disease, but not all chronic kidney disease develops into uremia. So, what factors can induce uremia? Five major factors that induce uremia: One is nephropathy. Nephropathy is the main cause of uremia. Early kidney disease often accelerates the development of the disease due to patients’ lack of attention to lifestyle habits, especially bad habits such as staying up late, working hard, and overeating. It is more likely to cause uremia. Factor 2: Hypertension Uremia is a common complication of hypertension. 50% of patients with hypertension may be converted to uremia. Hypertensive patients should actively cooperate with treatment to control blood pressure and improve their condition. Factor three: urinary infections Urinary infections have a certain relationship with uremia, whether men or women may induce uremia. In my country, chronic pyelonephritis is the second factor of uremia, accounting for 21.2%. Married women are more prone to urinary sensation, and the risk of uremia is greater. Factor 4: Diabetes Diabetic nephropathy is the most common complication of diabetes, and diabetic nephropathy patients have uremia, especially in patients with low glucose tolerance, and there is a high probability of inducing uremia. Factor 5: Toxic and side effects of drugs Related statistics show that nearly 30% of patients with kidney failure have toxic and side effects due to long-term use of analgesic cold medicines, resulting in problems with kidney function and finally causing uremia. Once uremia occurs, the “toxicity” is systemic. A complication of the skin during the uremic phase, hyperphosphatemia, means that the phosphorus content in the body exceeds the standard and cannot be excreted through urine. Some toxins want to be excreted through sweat. If there is too much phosphorus content, it will cause skin itching. The skin will also have other lesions in early summer, such as melanoma, plaques, and purulent infections. Three channels for the body to excrete toxins, urine, sweat, and feces. When the main passage of urine is blocked, sweat and feces will bear more responsibilities. With the extension of the course of the disease, the gastrointestinal reaction will become more and more obvious. The shortness of breath may just be loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting. The accumulation of sex toxins can gradually stimulate the gastrointestinal mucosa to cause cellulose inflammation, and it is also possible to form ulcers and bleeding. Patients in the uremia stage will have anemia symptoms more or less. At this time, uremic patients can only fight erythropoietin to help the body hematopoiesis. Nervous system damage usually manifests as early headache, fatigue, irritability, and severe insomnia. In the later stages, symptoms such as consciousness disturbance and coma will appear. In patients with nephropathy in the uremic stage, the cardiovascular system becomes extremely vulnerable and dangerous. The symptoms of the disease on this system are mainly heart failure and arrhythmia. Although this usually occurs in the middle and late stages, it will threaten the life safety of patients with kidney disease. Once detected, except for lifelong dialysis, there is only a kidney change. In fact, uremia has a precursor, which is the result of the combined effect of poor life and eating habits. Four kinds of foods are accelerators of “uremia”: the first kind: salty foods such as pickles, salt can be said to be an essential condiment in life, if the normal intake of salt is good for the body. However, people’s dietary tastes are generally high, resulting in salt far exceeding the normal daily recommended amount. This results in eating too salty, which increases the burden on the kidneys. In addition, excessive intake of sodium will cause the electrolyte imbalance in the body, and the body’s water is not easily discharged, further increasing the burden on the kidneys. The second type: foods with high phosphorus content. Phosphorus in the human body needs to be discharged through glomerular filtration. Long-term consumption of foods with high phosphorus content will inevitably increase the burden on the kidneys, reduce kidney filtration function, and damage the kidneys over time. Therefore, aquatic products, animal livers, egg yolks and dried fruits need to pay attention to control intake. The third type: carambola carambola has a neurotoxin, also called carambola toxin, which can cause damage to brain and kidney functions. For healthy people, eating carambola has no threat and can be excreted from the body smoothly. If you are a kidney patient or have a history of kidney disease, it is best not to eat carambola, in order to prevent aggravating kidney disease, or lead to kidney disease recurrence, poisoning and life-threatening. Fourth: Lamb Mutton is a high-purine food, which is likely to cause elevated uric acid levels. At the same time, lamb also contains a lot of animal fat, which is not easy to digest into the body and increase liver metabolism. At the same time, it will promote renal arteriosclerosis, atrophy and degeneration of the kidneys, and cause arteriosclerotic nephropathy.
“Xiaojiu, can I “applause for love” if I have chronic kidney disease?” Recently, Xiao Zhang went to the hospital because of physical discomfort and was diagnosed with “chronic kidney disease”. When I heard that I had “kidney disease”, it scared Xiao Zhang enough. Since ancient times, people have linked “kidney” with “sex”. Rumor has it that kidney disease is a function that does not work in that aspect. I must say goodbye to sex life! Thinking of being an unmarried young guy, he could only be a pure-hearted “monk” from now on. Xiao Zhang couldn’t believe it. But when he asked the doctor in front of everyone, he was embarrassed, so he asked Xiao Jiu in a private letter. not true? Today, chronic kidney disease is already a common disease. According to statistics, the total prevalence of chronic kidney disease in China is 9.3%, that is, one in ten people has kidney disease. Once the kidney is damaged, as the condition gets worse, not only will the treatment become more difficult, but it will also affect the physical and mental health of the patient. In addition to worrying about the effectiveness of kidney disease treatment, they also worry about not having sex, after all, sex is often related to the relationship between couples. In fact, whether a person with chronic kidney disease can live in a “two-person world” depends on the severity of the condition and the individual’s physical condition. It is impossible to say that kidney disease can say goodbye to the same room, but it cannot be said that kidney disease has nothing to do with the same room. We all know that the same room is a vigorous systemic activity, which will be accompanied by accelerated blood circulation, high nerves, etc., and the workload of the kidneys will increase significantly than usual. Therefore, most normal people will be accompanied by different levels of fatigue after the end of the same room, but after a certain period of rest, they can completely return to normal. For patients with long or severe kidney disease, the fatigue time after the same room will be longer and the physical recovery will be slower. If the number is too many, it may lead to the recurrence and aggravation of kidney disease because the immune function of the body has not been fully restored. . Therefore, whether patients with kidney disease can be in the same room depends on the situation, and if appropriate, an appropriate amount should be taken care of to prevent injuries caused by too many times. It is generally recommended that patients with kidney disease can be in the same room as healthy people without severe renal impairment and obvious clinical symptoms. It is not appropriate to stay in the same room during acute nephritis, acute stage of chronic nephritis, or the condition is still unstable, so as not to aggravate the condition or not conducive to the rehabilitation of the disease. If the patient is in a stable state of chronic nephritis rehabilitation, he can be in the same room appropriately according to the condition, but avoid excessive, it is recommended to be carried out once every 2 to 3 weeks to nourish the kidney and facilitate the rehabilitation of kidney disease. If a patient with kidney disease is really not sure whether he can be in the same room or how many times it is appropriate, Xiao Jiu suggests, don’t be ashamed, and ask the doctor boldly. The doctor recommends the most reliable and the most important thing to protect your “kidney”. As we said before, chronic kidney disease can still lead a sex life when the condition is stable or not serious, which is very encouraging news for many patients. However, Xiao Jiu feels that once suffering from chronic kidney disease, it will have a great impact on our body and life, and even cause uremia and death. Therefore, for patients with chronic kidney disease, it is imperative to find out the cause of chronic kidney disease, prevent it as soon as possible, and stay away from the disease. First of all, the increase in chronic kidney disease is mainly due to the increasing incidence of common diseases that may cause kidney damage, such as diabetes, hypertension, hyperuricemia, and obesity. These diseases can cause kidney disease or uremia. However, the occurrence of these diseases is usually closely related to bad habits. Therefore, everyone should always maintain good living habits, pay attention to diet and nutrition, and not overeating. Appropriate exercise, physical fitness, quitting smoking and drinking, not staying up late, etc. are also very important. Secondly, blindly taking various Chinese and Western medicines results in a large amount of medicines accumulating in the kidneys, increasing the excretion burden of the kidneys, and also causing damage to the kidneys, resulting in kidney disease. Therefore, in the process of seeking medical treatment, in order to prevent the doctor from prescribing the medicine repeatedly, it is recommended that you tell the situation of the medicine you take in advance so that the doctor can accurately prescribe the medicine. Don’t believe in remedies and do not use drugs indiscriminately. Finally, the increasing number of patients with kidney disease is also closely related to my country’s current aging population. With increasing age, kidney function will decrease accordingly. Therefore, the elderly must pay more attention to the protection of the kidneys, pay attention to the lifestyle and safety of medication. Chronic kidney disease often has no obvious symptoms. In addition to strengthening the prevention of kidney disease in daily life, it should also go to the hospital for regular inspections so that it can be discovered and treated as soon as possible. Therefore, everyone usually
There are almost no nerves inside the kidneys, and inflammatory lesions are not felt. Generally, when there is a decline in kidney function, or when kidney disease occurs, the body will send out some corresponding “distress signals”. But when the kidney disease worsens, some of the original abnormal details of the body will magnify and worsen accordingly. The occurrence of these four abnormalities indicates that the kidney disease has deteriorated. Please don’t delay it. 1. Urine changes and edema of the limbs are generated in the kidney. The kidney can help excrete garbage and metabolic waste in the body. When kidney function appears The frequency of urination when abnormal, the urine color, smell and traits will also change to some extent, such as the frequency of urination significantly increased, especially when the night frequently rises at night, blood in the urine or foam in the urine Can’t disperse. The kidney has a filtering function, which can help discharge excess water in the body and metabolic wastes in the blood. When the kidney is insufficiency, a lot of water will gather together, causing edema of the hands and feet. 2. High blood pressure and low back pain The kidney has the effect of regulating blood pressure. When the kidney function is damaged, renin is secreted, which activates some substances on the body and increases blood pressure. Only active blood pressure control can prevent kidney failure. When it reaches the state of renal failure, it will cause pain in the lower back, accompanied by persistent high fever, frequent urination, general weakness, nausea and vomiting. 3. Eyelid edema and shortness of breath will increase the excretion of urinary protein when the kidney’s filtration function is damaged, causing edema around the eyes. If there is persistent eyelid edema, especially when you wake up in the morning, it indicates abnormal kidney function. When the kidney function is damaged, water and sodium will be retained, and excess water will accumulate around or in the lungs, resulting in shortness of breath. In addition, it will cause anemia and prevent the body from getting sufficient oxygen supply, thereby speeding up breathing speed. 4. Itchy skin and headache will reduce when kidney function is abnormal, the production of erythropoietin, the decrease of red blood cells on the body will reduce its carrying capacity, the oxygen supply of the brain and muscles will be insufficient, which will cause fatigue of the body, accompanied by headache and dizziness And a feeling of total weakness. In the end-stage renal disease and chronic kidney disease patients will have itchy skin, which will generally show a symmetrical distribution. The skin itching is mainly concentrated on the face, back and arms. In addition, the accumulation of a large amount of waste in the blood will disturb the intestinal function, causing loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and bad breath. Warmly remind you to be vigilant when the above 4 symptoms appear, and go to the hospital for kidney function test in time, so as not to speed up the process of uremia and renal failure.
For kidney disease, people have been talking about discoloration. If you think you have a kidney problem, you must have dialysis. Kidney disease can be comparable to a terminal illness like a flood. In fact, this is an incorrect idea, and it is precisely because of these cognitive misunderstandings that the prevention and treatment of kidney disease in my country is difficult. To prevent and treat kidney disease, the first step is to get rid of these misunderstandings about kidney disease. Regarding kidney disease, these four misunderstandings should be clarified as soon as possible, do not delay treatment! 1. Kidney deficiency means kidney disease. Kidney deficiency is a term in the category of traditional Chinese medicine. It refers to deficiency of kidney qi and is divided into kidney yang deficiency and kidney yin deficiency. Kidney deficiency in traditional Chinese medicine and kidney disease in modern medicine are not a concept. Therefore, there are different ways to treat it. Kidney deficiency can be cured by dietary conditioning and traditional Chinese medicine treatment. However, nephropathy in modern medicine can only become more and more serious if it depends on conditioning, and it must go to the hospital for systematic treatment. Therefore, kidney deficiency does not mean that you have kidney disease, everyone must be different. 2. Low back pain must be caused by kidney disease. Chinese medicine often says that kidney deficiency will cause back pain. In fact, back pain is only a symptom of kidney deficiency, and kidney deficiency is different from kidney disease, so back pain does not necessarily mean that you have kidney disease. Low back pain is related to many reasons, the most important of which is a problem with the lumbar spine or waist muscles. Therefore, don’t think that you have kidney disease as soon as you get back pain. 3. Kidney disease cannot be cured, and dialysis can only be used to treat severe kidney disease such as uremia. Renal dialysis is required to maintain normal kidney function, usually due to kidney failure, which cannot be used to metabolize human waste and toxins. treatment method. People are always too demonized of kidney disease. Although it can attract people’s attention in prevention, it is a long-term plan to strengthen people’s correct understanding of kidney disease in the long run. Kidney disease is not a terminal illness, and not all kidney diseases need to rely on dialysis treatment. Therefore, the first time you know that you or your family have kidney disease, you must go to the hospital for a systematic examination and actively cooperate with the doctor’s treatment after the diagnosis. Do early detection, early treatment, and go to a regular hospital for treatment. Never believe any remedies. Only in this way can patients with kidney disease be cured as soon as possible. 4. Renal puncture is too harmful to the kidney. Renal puncture is a traumatic examination for the kidney. It is a method of taking a kidney sample for laboratory testing by puncture. Many people immediately refused as soon as they heard the doctor’s introduction. In addition, the accusation was too serious, leading to serious deviations in the knowledge of renal puncture. In fact, renal puncture is a very effective method of examination. For kidney diseases with unknown causes and unclear causes, a correct diagnosis can only be made by renal puncture. Therefore, if the doctor advises the patient to have a kidney puncture, it means that a kidney puncture is necessary. In order to allow the kidney disease to recover soon, it is better to cooperate with the doctor to do this test. Kidney disease poses a great threat to national health, and everyone should put kidney disease prevention on the agenda. In addition, we must have an accurate understanding of kidney disease. Only by eliminating the above misunderstandings about kidney disease can we effectively prevent and treat kidney disease.