What are the methods of kidney dialysis

   When many patients with kidney disease are treated, some hospital experts will recommend that the patient use kidney dialysis. Although kidney dialysis is a common method to treat kidney disease, it is not suitable for every kidney disease. Therefore, patients with kidney disease should choose carefully when choosing treatment methods. In fact, as long as the patient can go to a regular professional hospital for treatment in the early stage of onset, through professional treatment, he can strive for a speedy recovery.  The dialysis used in medicine is roughly divided into two categories: hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis  1, hemodialysis. Hemodialysis, or hemodialysis for short, is also called artificial kidney or dialysis in popular terms, which is a kind of blood purification technology. It uses the principle of semi-permeable membrane to remove all kinds of harmful and excess metabolic waste and excessive electrolytes out of the body through diffusion, to achieve the purpose of purifying blood, and to correct the balance of water, electrolyte and acid-base by absorption.  2. Peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneum as a semi-permeable membrane, and uses gravity to infuse the prepared dialysate into the patient’s peritoneal cavity through a catheter. In this way, there is a difference in the concentration gradient of solutes on both sides of the peritoneum, and the solute on the high-concentration side turns to low-concentration One side moves (dispersion); water moves from the low-tonicity side to the high-tonicity side (osmosis). The peritoneal dialysate is constantly replaced to achieve the purpose of removing metabolites and toxic substances in the body and correcting the disorder of water and electrolyte balance.

What are the 4 stages of chronic renal failure? How much do you know?

Wang Hongxia, chief physician of the Department of Nephrology, Xiyuan Hospital, Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, graduated from Beijing University of Chinese Medicine in 1995, and studied at Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from 1998 to 2001. He studied under Professor Nie Lifang, a famous Chinese medicine nephropathy expert, and obtained a master’s degree in Chinese internal medicine. Chronic renal failure is a gradual development process. If the renal function is abnormal, it may develop into renal failure or uremia if it cannot be treated in time. If it develops to the stage of renal failure or uremia, it will not only increase the difficulty of treatment, but the damage to the kidneys will also be irreversible, which may endanger life at any time. 1. What are the 4 stages of chronic renal failure? 1. Renal function compensatory phase In the renal function compensatory phase, the clearance rate of endogenous creatinine can reach more than half, and the glomerular filtration rate is reduced by at least 30~60ml per minute. Under normal circumstances, the glomerular filtration rate of healthy people is 120 liters per minute. At this stage, the kidney’s reserve capacity has been reduced, and the ability to excrete metabolites and regulate water and electrolyte balance is slightly affected, and patients will not have obvious Special performance. Blood urea nitrogen and blood muscle enzymes are normal or slightly elevated. Relatively speaking, dietary requirements are mainly to meet the body’s nutritional needs to improve disease resistance. Protein intake is 0.8 g/kg of body weight, and more than half of it is high-quality protein, including lean meat, fish, egg and milk, soy products, etc.; for example, the daily protein intake of an adult weighing 50 kg is 50×0.8= 40 grams, half of which is high-quality protein 40×0.5=20 grams. The recommended daily protein intake recipes are: breakfast (one egg white), lunch (one or two lean meat), and dinner (one bag of milk). 2. The glomerular filtration rate of patients with azotemia in the azotemia stage will decrease by about 25 ml per minute, and the nephrons will decrease by about 70%. The concentration function of the kidney will be impaired, and there will be polyuria or frequent symptoms. At night, some people will be accompanied by varying degrees of anemia, and will also be accompanied by increased blood creatinine and urea nitrogen. At this stage, the patient will experience general weakness, significant loss of appetite, significant discomfort, nausea and vomiting. Failure to protect kidney function in time or increase its burden will cause diarrhea, vomiting, and hypovolemia. If there is an infection or the abuse of drugs that are toxic to the kidneys, the kidney function will decline rapidly, leading to kidney failure. 3. When renal failure reaches the stage of renal failure, the filtration rate of the glomerulus will decrease by about 10~15 ml per minute, and the nephrons will decrease by 70%~90%. The kidney function has been severely damaged and can no longer maintain normal Water and electrolyte balance, acid-base balance and metabolism. At the same time, due to renal dysfunction in chronic renal failure, urinary phosphorus decreases and blood phosphorus increases, resulting in a decrease in blood calcium. In addition, the lack of active vitamin D3 in chronic renal failure affects the absorption of intestinal calcium. The decrease in calcium absorption exacerbates hypocalcemia. Therefore, patients with chronic renal failure can properly supplement calcium, which can not only prevent a series of symptoms such as convulsions, itching, and impotence caused by low blood calcium, but also prevent and treat hyperparathyroidism and renal hyperparathyroidism caused by low blood calcium. Osteodystrophy. 4. These symptoms of uremia indicate that it is the last stage! For example: the filtration rate of the glomerulus will drop below 15 ml per minute, the nephrons will be reduced by 90%, and multiple organ failures will occur throughout the body, such as: hematopoietic system, gastrointestinal symptoms, respiratory system or nervous system Serious imbalance, etc. When uremia is reached, it indicates that the kidneys have been severely damaged. The most common symptoms are restlessness, insomnia, dreams, sudden increase in blood pressure, confusion, chest tightness, and breathing difficulties. In severe cases, convulsions, anemia, or Coma and so on. In the uremia phase, many diseases will be complicated, such as: hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypertension, etc., which must rely on dialysis to maintain life. In case of abnormal kidney function, you should go to the hospital for treatment in time, adjust your diet, choose high-quality food, and limit the intake of phosphorus and salt. 2. Chronic Renal Failure Nursing Diet Spectrum Shenqi Coix Seed Decoction Ingredients: Codonopsis 12g, Astragalus 20g, Fried Coix Seed, 60g Rice, 4 Red Dates. Preparation method: Wash codonopsis, astragalus, red dates, fried coix seed, and rice, and soak thoroughly in cold water. Put all the ingredients into the pot together, add appropriate amount of water, simmer and boil the porridge. Efficacy: nourish the middle and nourish qi, invigorate the spleen and kidney. Be applicable

The person with the worst kidney in the office, you must have done these 7 things

There is a man like this in every office. He “goes to the toilet frequently”, always looks “tired”, always says “backaches and legs pain”, and may even “have a bad shape during sex “(This article is purely speculation). Basically, we can blindly guess that this person has a poor kidney! Although it is inevitably a bit exaggerated to say “kidney deficiency” at every turn, if you do these 7 things often, it is really bad for the kidney! What is the function of “kidney”? The function of “kidney” is slightly different between Chinese medicine and western medicine. First, let the big assistant explain it to everyone: Western medicine believes that the kidney is an organ in the urinary system. It can: produce urine: blood passes through the kidney, and useful things are added. Utilize, useless, filter to produce urine to discharge endocrine function: it can secrete hormones, such as renin, prostaglandin, etc., participate in the regulation of various physiological activities. Chinese medicine believes that the “kidney” referred to in Chinese medicine is more in terms of function . Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the kidney is responsible for storing essence, water and qi. The kidney is the organ that stores the essence, the essence of reproduction and the essence of the viscera. It is closely related to the development and reproductive ability of the reproductive organs, and plays an important role in the reproduction of offspring. If the kidney essence is full, the reproductive ability is strong. The 7 bad habits hurt the kidney the most! The kidneys have powerful functions. Occasionally, these bad habits have little effect, but they are bad for the kidneys in the long term, and even cause serious kidney damage. Drinking too little water, part of the metabolic waste produced by the body is excreted through the kidneys, we have to excrete 1-2 liters of urine every day (drink water if not enough). If you drink too little water, there is not enough urine to take them away, toxins accumulate, and kidney problems will gradually develop. In addition, for friends with high uric acid and urinary tract stones, drinking more water can also help relieve the condition. I often hold back my urine and don’t have time, the toilet is too far away, and I’m too lazy to walk around… Everyone has various reasons not to go to the toilet. Urine can’t be discharged, it can only stay in the bladder, it is easy to breed bacteria and infect the urinary system. Often have the bad habit of holding back urine, which may also cause backflow of urine and damage the kidneys. Eating too much hot pot, barbecue, seafood, old hot soup… I’m already drooling just thinking about it. However, eating too much high-fat, high-sugar, high-salt, and high-purine foods will produce a large amount of metabolic waste. The excess “acid” and “sodium” need the kidneys to clean up the mess and get rid of it. For a long time, the burden on the kidneys is too great and tired, and various problems will appear. After getting too fat and eating too much, we should talk about gaining weight. For friends with insufficient self-control, these two things are an infinite loop. The more you eat, the more meat you get, the fatter you eat, the more your body gets worse. First of all, the heavier the weight of a person, the more things his kidneys need to deal with, and the workload is heavier. In addition, obesity can also cause metabolic disorders and ultimately damage the kidneys. Finally, there are studies that show that weight loss can improve sexual performance. When it comes to this, brothers… You don’t sleep late at night, and your kidneys can’t get a good rest. You have to stay with you to work. Excessive use accelerates it. Ageing. In addition, insufficient rest will affect many organs of the body and indirectly affect the health of the kidneys, forming a vicious circle. Smoking and alcohol abuse not only damages the kidneys, but also damages the lungs, liver and other organs. There are problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and kidney disease. Tobacco and alcohol will make the condition worse. Indiscriminate use of drugs Regarding drug use, we must remind everyone of two things: First, consult a doctor and read the instructions clearly before taking the drug. Some western medicines have liver and kidney toxicity, please read the instructions before taking them. If you have kidney problems, remember to give your doctor a clear medical history and avoid certain drugs. Secondly, use the “Kidney” remedies with caution. Some brothers feel that their bodies are relatively “deficient” recently, so they look for various remedies. Regardless of whether it works or not, the source and credibility of the remedies remain to be studied. If the medicinal materials are used in an improper combination or the use of drugs with uncertain functional toxicity, it is easy to harm the kidneys.

What are the hazards of prostate hyperplasia?

Prostatic hyperplasia is more harmful to men. Prostatic hyperplasia can affect men’s fertility and sexual function, and easily lead to male sexual dysfunction. Prostatic hyperplasia can affect men’s kidney health and also affect men’s bladder health. It is easy to cause bladder obstruction, and patients will have varying degrees of dysuria. What are the harms of prostate hyperplasia? 1. Prostatic hyperplasia affects fertility: Prostatic hyperplasia disease can cause abnormal secretion of prostatic fluid, which destroys the substances that protect and nourish sperm, affects the survival and quality of sperm, and leads to infertility. 2. Prostatic hyperplasia affects sexual dysfunction: Prostatic hyperplasia can lead to impaired excitability of the sexual nerves, nocturnal emission, premature ejaculation and other symptoms, more serious or even ED until complete loss of sexual function. 3. Prostatic hyperplasia damages the kidneys: Prostatic hyperplasia can damage the urethra, compressing the urethra, causing bladder obstruction, different dysuria, causing inflammation of the urethra, hydronephrosis and chronic renal failure. 4. Prostatic hyperplasia induces cancer: Prostatic hyperplasia will cause the prostate’s immunity to decrease, reduce the antibacterial ability, increase the chance of bacterial infection, and long-term inflammation or hyperplasia can also induce prostate cancer. Through the above introduction, we understand the hazards of prostate hyperplasia. Prostatic hyperplasia can affect men’s fertility and kidney health, and may even become cancerous. Prostatic hyperplasia can reduce the immune function of the prostate and increase disease. Probability of bacterial infection, prostate hyperplasia is mainly inflammation caused by the spread of long-term inflammation, long-term stimulation may also cause cancer.

It is said that gout is not fatal, but this time you may be wrong!

In modern times when gout and high uric acid are more and more frequent, many people still have a one-sided understanding of gout. They simply think that the disease is not serious, so they are not active in treatment. Although high uric acid and gout, which are gradually becoming the fourth highest, are chronic diseases, they are also very harmful to the body. Continuous treatment is necessary to stabilize uric acid within the normal range to avoid complications. Gout is potentially fatal, and the main reasons are as follows: 1. Kidney damage and death: Gout causes kidney disease, renal function is damaged, and eventually develops into renal failure and uremia; this situation accounts for about the cause of death from gout. About 20%-30% of A very small number of patients with gout have a significant increase in blood uric acid during an acute attack of gout, and acute renal failure can occur in a short period of time and cause death. 2. Fatal skin infection: The tophi of the skin is ruptured without prompt treatment and care is not taken to clean and hygienic. As a result, it causes serious bacterial infection, which spreads to the blood and causes bacteremia and sepsis to death. This situation is very rare. 3. Death from urinary tract infection: gouty kidney stones, hydronephrosis, bladder stones, etc. are likely to cause intractable urinary tract infections, especially pyelonephritis; sometimes if not treated thoroughly in time, it can cause pus kidney or necrotizing papillitis, sepsis And lethal. 4. Death due to complications: some diseases complicated by gout, such as hypertension, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, heart failure, fatal arrhythmia, and some acute and chronic complications caused by diabetes, etc., these concurrent diseases It is an important cause of death of gout patients, and it accounts for a certain proportion of deaths. In older gout patients (especially those over 55), the main cause of death is cardiovascular disease, not kidney disease.

Is high creatinine not necessarily a bad thing? “Six steps” to lower creatinine to keep you away from uremia ​

In the process of diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease, we often use the level of blood creatinine to assess kidney function and diagnose uremia. Generally, most people think that the higher the blood creatinine, the worse the kidney detoxification function, and the closer to uremia. Therefore, once the creatinine rises, the kidney friend will panic. Is high creatinine necessarily a bad thing? Not necessarily, it needs to be discussed separately, not across the board. There are two situations in which creatinine rises: sudden and gradual. Creatinine increases significantly in a short period of time, often accompanied by acute factors, such as drug factors, infection, blood pressure, etc. If these factors are corrected in time, most of the creatinine can return to normal. For example, some nephrologists who have both urine protein and high blood pressure often use pristine or sartan antihypertensive drugs, but these two types of antihypertensive drugs often have the side effect of increasing creatinine, and a small number of patients Will show this symptom. In fact, as long as the increase in creatinine is within the acceptable range, not only will it not damage the kidney function, but the increase in creatinine just shows that the drug has worked, urine protein and blood pressure are stabilized, and it helps to protect the kidney function. Compared with the sudden increase in creatinine, what is more difficult to deal with is the chronic development of creatinine. The slow progression of kidney function leads to a slow rise in creatinine. How to stabilize the creatinine value at a certain level? Delay the rate of kidney failure? The first step: control the primary nephropathy, there are more than a dozen types of pathological types, such as membranous nephropathy, minimal change nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, FSGS, polycystic kidney disease, etc., and secondary Diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, hypertensive nephropathy, obesity nephropathy, hepatitis B-related nephropathy, etc. Different pathological types, the specific lesion location is different, and the degree of the lesion is different. It is necessary to clarify the condition of the lesion through renal puncture or specific examination, and then to target treatment or repair. For example, timely removal of crescents, elimination of kidney cell proliferation and diseased tissue, repair of damaged renal tubules, and so on. Through in-depth treatment, the condition is alleviated, the progression of renal function is greatly reduced, and related indicators such as blood creatinine, uric acid, and urea nitrogen can also be reduced to varying degrees. The level to which it drops is also related to the degree of decline in glomerular filtration rate. Step 2: Keep blood pressure at a low level. Among the factors that affect kidney function and blood creatinine fluctuations, hypertension ranks first. Elevated blood pressure will directly increase the permeability of the glomerular basement membrane, which will cause glomerular hypertension, accelerate the process of renal fibrosis, and cause irreversible damage to renal function. Undoubtedly, the process of kidney failure is accelerated, and creatinine also rises rapidly. The key to controlling the stability of blood pressure is to maintain adequate blood flow in the kidneys, relieve the kidney ischemia and hypoxia, and reduce toxin deposition. Whether it is a history of hypertension before the onset of nephropathy, or elevated blood pressure secondary to nephropathy, attention needs to be paid. At present, in the treatment of hypertension, the application of drugs has been very mature, and maintaining blood pressure at a low level is no longer a problem. It should be noted that in terms of medication, you must adhere to the medication on time and in the amount, and at the same time, with a low-salt diet, it is more beneficial to stable blood pressure. The third step: Strict dietary control of protein and salt intake will increase the burden on the kidneys, so those with elevated serum creatinine require a low-salt, low-fat, high-quality, low-protein diet. Daily salt intake should be less than 5g or less, and a high-quality low-protein diet contains two meanings: First, high-quality protein: milk, eggs, refined meat, fish, etc. are all high-quality protein. In the past, it was believed that soybeans and soy products were plant proteins, and patients with chronic renal failure were prohibited from using them. According to the new national standards, soybeans and soy products are also high-quality proteins. Patients with chronic renal failure can also consume them in moderation. Second, low protein: patients with mild to moderate chronic renal failure, the daily protein intake does not exceed 0.8g/kg; patients with severe renal failure, the daily protein intake does not exceed 0.6g/kg. Take an example: daily staple food 4 taels, 1 egg, 1 tael lean meat, half a catty of milk, etc. A day’s high-quality protein food should be evenly distributed among the three meals, not concentrated in one meal. In layman’s terms, a high-quality low-protein diet is to eat well and eat less. The purpose is: not to increase the burden on the kidneys, but also to ensure the needs of human nutrition. The fourth step: to correct anemia. The erythropoietin produced by the kidneys promotes the production of red blood cells. After chronic renal failure occurs, the secretion of erythropoietin will decrease, which can cause anemia. On the one hand, anemia reduces the quality of life, on the other hand, it can aggravate kidney damage and cause blood muscle

Is high creatinine not necessarily a bad thing? “Three steps” to lower creatinine, uremia will not come easily

In blood biochemical examinations, we often use the level of blood creatinine to assess kidney function and diagnose uremia. Generally, most people think that the higher the blood creatinine, the worse the kidney detoxification function, and the closer to uremia. Therefore, once creatinine rises, everyone will panic. Is high creatinine necessarily a bad thing? Not necessarily, it needs to be discussed separately, not across the board. There are two situations in which creatinine rises: sudden and gradual. Creatinine increases significantly in a short period of time, often accompanied by acute factors, such as drug factors, infection, blood pressure, etc. If these factors are corrected in time, most of the creatinine can return to normal. For example, some nephrologists who have both urinary protein and high blood pressure often use pristine or sartan antihypertensive drugs, but these two types of antihypertensive drugs have the side effect of increasing creatinine, and a small number of patients will experience appear. In fact, as long as the increase in creatinine is within the acceptable range, not only will it not damage the kidney function, but the increase in creatinine just shows that the drug has worked, urine protein and blood pressure are stabilized, and it helps to protect the kidney function. Compared with the sudden increase in creatinine, what is more difficult to deal with is the chronic development of creatinine. The slow progression of kidney function leads to a slow rise in creatinine. How to stabilize the creatinine value at a certain level? Delay the rate of kidney failure? The first step: control the primary nephropathy, there are more than a dozen types of pathological types, such as membranous nephropathy, minimal change nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, FSGS, polycystic kidney disease, etc., and secondary Diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, hypertensive nephropathy, obesity nephropathy, hepatitis B-related nephropathy, etc. Different pathological types, the specific lesion location is different, and the degree of the lesion is different. It is necessary to clarify the condition of the lesion through renal puncture or specific examination, and then to target treatment or repair. For example, timely removal of crescents, elimination of kidney cell proliferation and diseased tissue, repair of damaged renal tubules, and so on. Through in-depth treatment, the condition is alleviated, the progression of renal function is greatly reduced, and related indicators such as blood creatinine, uric acid, and urea nitrogen can also be reduced to varying degrees. The level to which it drops is also related to the degree of decline in glomerular filtration rate. Step 2: Keep blood pressure at a low level. Among the factors that affect kidney function and blood creatinine fluctuations, hypertension ranks first. Elevated blood pressure will directly increase the permeability of the glomerular basement membrane, which will cause glomerular hypertension, accelerate the process of renal fibrosis, and cause irreversible damage to renal function. Undoubtedly, the process of kidney failure is accelerated, and creatinine also rises rapidly. The key to controlling the stability of blood pressure is to maintain adequate blood flow in the kidneys, relieve the kidney ischemia and hypoxia, and reduce toxin deposition. Whether it is a history of hypertension before the onset of nephropathy, or elevated blood pressure secondary to nephropathy, attention needs to be paid. At present, in the treatment of hypertension, the application of drugs has been very mature, and maintaining blood pressure at a low level is no longer a problem. It should be noted that in terms of medication, you must adhere to the medication on time and in the amount, and at the same time, with a low-salt diet, it is more beneficial to stable blood pressure. Step 3: Pay attention to prevent obstructive factors. The increase in creatinine is also affected by renal obstructive factors, such as kidney stones, blood clots, thrombosis and even embolism, which can cause serious damage to the renal tubules, and lead to poor blood flow in the kidneys, causing creatinine The levels of toxins such as uric acid and uric acid increase rapidly. Although acute kidney injury can be corrected in time, it can be restored, but for nephrologists who have already suffered from chronic renal insufficiency, any injury will severely damage the kidney function again. Therefore, nephrologists should stabilize creatinine and pay attention to the occurrence of some acute factors. There are obstructive factors, some nephrotoxic drugs should be avoided, and acute infections such as urinary infections. The increase in creatinine is the result of impaired renal function, and it is not a short-term thing. Therefore, the reduction of creatinine should not be too anxious. To avoid renal failure, it should be mainly to protect renal function.

Men nourish the kidneys to avoid these 8 things

The health of the kidney is really critical for men. He also has a lot of metabolic effects. It can expel the garbage in the body as soon as possible. What kind of small methods should be used to achieve this? How about health preservation? So what should a man do to cultivate his sexuality? Chinese medicine believes that in life, we should avoid some problems that hurt our kidneys. 1. Drinking strong tea after drinking Some people think that drinking strong tea after drinking can relieve alcohol. In fact, this is not only ineffective, but also hurts the kidneys. Experts say that theophylline in tea can quickly affect the kidneys and exert a diuretic effect. At this time, the alcohol is excreted from the kidneys before it has time to break down, causing the kidneys to be stimulated by a large amount of ethanol, thereby damaging kidney function. 2. The diet is too salty and the diet is too salty, leading to increased blood pressure and the inability to maintain normal blood flow in the kidneys, leading to kidney disease. 3. Often hold back urine. Some people hold back urine for a long time because of busy work. Experts remind that holding back urine can lead to urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis. Urine will multiply bacteria in the bladder for a long time, and the bacteria will retrograde through the ureter to the kidney, causing urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis. Once recurring, it can cause chronic infection, which is not easy to cure. 4. Too little drinking water. If you do not drink water for a long time, the urine output will decrease, and the concentration of waste and toxins carried in the urine will increase. Common clinical kidney stones, hydronephrosis, etc. are closely related to long-term non-drinking. 5. Excessive intake of soft drinks and sports drinks can indirectly damage the kidneys. The kidney is the main organ that regulates internal pH. Excessive intake of soft drinks and sports drinks for a long period of time will burden the kidneys and increase the probability of kidney damage. 6. Eating too soft bread and pastries contains a food additive potassium bromate, which can give baked food the necessary strength and elasticity of gluten. It tastes soft, but excessive consumption can damage the central nervous system, blood and kidneys. 7. Indiscriminate use of drugs, excessive use of drugs, long-term use of nephrotoxic drugs can easily lead to renal tubular interstitial damage. These drugs include Chinese herbal medicines containing aristolochic acid, such as Guanmutong, Fangfangji, Qingmuxiang, etc., as well as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, etc., such as pain relief tablets, paracetamol, etc., which can easily cause kidney damage. 8. Overeating, eating seafood and drinking beer. Modern people have more chances to have dinner together, and they often eat too much “delicious”. Most of these wastes are excreted by the kidneys. Excessive diet will undoubtedly increase the burden on the kidneys. In particular, eating a lot of high-protein diets, such as big fish and meat, will produce too much metabolic waste such as uric acid and urea nitrogen, which will increase the burden of kidney excretion. Drinking a lot of alcohol can easily lead to hyperuricemia. These habits can also cause metabolic diseases such as hyperlipidemia and cause kidney disease. Many people like to drink beer while eating seafood. This method was once called “the most kidney-damaging way of eating” by nephrologists. In fact, if you want to maintain health, you should pay attention to it. Usually you should exercise more, drink more water, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, and try not to have some unclean couples. Everyone knows that if it is Frequent husband and wife life will definitely cause kidney deficiency, which can cause damage to the male body.

What should I do if my creatinine is too high? These three pathological conditions need to be taken seriously, beware of regrets

For more patient communication and help, please pay attention to the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] The level of creatinine reflects the degree of the development of kidney disease from the side. The initial symptoms of kidney disease are usually expressed in edema, and creatinine is excreted by glomerular filtration. It is a product of metabolism. 1. After the kidney is invaded by various causes, the damaged kidney cells undergo phenotypic transformation, which stimulates the fibroblasts in the kidney to transform into myofibroblasts, and at the same time invades and stimulates the inherent normal kidney tissue. The same pathological changes occur, thus forming the expansion and excitation process of the kidney from point to surface, from part to the whole, thus entering the period of organic damage. At this time, due to the continuous damage of the kidney, its function of excreting waste is somewhat The decrease causes the accumulation of toxins such as creatinine in the body, which leads to an increase in blood creatinine and urea nitrogen, a decrease in urine creatinine, and a decrease in the filtration rate of both kidneys. 2. The phenotypic transformation of the damaged kidney’s intrinsic cells stimulates the fibroblasts in the kidney to transform into myofibroblasts, and at the same time invades and stimulates the intrinsic normal kidney tissue, the same pathological changes occur, thus forming the kidney from point to point. From the local to the whole, it expands the provocative spreading process, thus entering the organic damage period (that is, the renal function damage period). At this time, due to the continuous damage of the kidney, its waste excretion function is reduced, which causes The accumulation of toxins such as creatinine in the body leads to an increase in blood creatinine and urea nitrogen, a decrease in urine creatinine, and a decrease in the filtration rate of both kidneys. 3. There are many reasons for low creatinine. Low creatinine may be related to anemia, creatinine dystrophy, muscular atrophy, leukemia, diabetes insipidus and other diseases. There is a test data value in the creatinine value called the urea nitrogen value. This urea nitrogen value is easily affected by many other factors, so it cannot simply reflect the kidney function.

What are the causes of hypertension?

First, the occurrence of dietary structure Hypertension is related to the unreasonable dietary structure. Modern society’s living standards have improved, and meat containing a lot of fat has begun to enter people’s tables. As everyone knows, eating too much fatty food can easily breed hypertension. In addition, eating too much salt can easily lead to high blood pressure. Second, obesity studies have shown that obese people have a higher incidence of high blood pressure. Obese people have a lot of fat, which not only causes arterial softening, but also results in the addition of microvessels in adipose tissue, forming a blood flow increase, which is easy Lead to the occurrence of high blood pressure. Third, the occurrence of excess vitamin D hypertension is related to excess vitamin D, especially in the growth period of children. In order to prevent rickets, long-term use of vitamin D products, such as vitamin D injection or oral cod liver oil, when supplementing calcium for children, will promote A large amount of calcium is deposited in the kidneys, viscera and large blood vessels, causing renal calcification and large blood vessel calcification, which easily leads to the occurrence of high blood pressure. Fourth, renal factors The occurrence of hypertension is related to renal factors, such as congenital renal hypoplasia, congenital urinary tract malformations, renal artery stenosis, latent nephritis, pyelonephritis, etc., which can easily lead to increased blood pressure and high blood pressure. occur.

What are the tips for men’s health in autumn?

The autumn for us is getting closer and closer, and if it is autumn, it will also have a lot of damage to our body. Sometimes when autumn comes, it will bring great changes to our body and mind, especially For men, the transition of seasons brings great harm to our bodies and sometimes brings some danger to our lives. So what is the common sense of men’s health in autumn? Let us Let’s take a look at the related introduction. Health tips for men in autumn has now officially entered the fall. Although the weather is still hot, the weather changes frequently. People can easily get sick if they don’t pay attention. Then, how should men maintain health in autumn? 1. Add or remove clothes into October Later, the climate change is complicated, and there is a big difference between indoor and outdoor temperature and humidity in the morning, noon and evening. Although it is hot at noon in the early autumn, it will be cool in the morning and evening, so pay attention to adding clothes to prevent the invasion of “coolness”. But don’t wear too much, cover too tightly, so as not to catch a cold while wearing and taking off. 2. In order to meet the cold winter, the body will actively store fat, so you will get fat if you are not careful. The weather is dry in autumn, sweat is reduced, and sleep time is increased. For many men who are getting blessed day by day, the accumulation of body fat not only hinders the appearance, but also easily causes high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, arteriosclerosis and other diseases, which is even more dangerous for those who are obese. In order to ensure a normal weight, one should pay attention to a reasonable schedule and eat more fruits and vegetables to moisten the bowel. In terms of diet, you can choose coarse grains with fewer calories, such as corn, sweet potatoes, potatoes, barley and beans. 3. Drink plenty of water. Adequate water in the body can keep the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract moist, and it is difficult for cold viruses to reproduce quickly. Nutrition scientists recommend: The daily water intake is calculated as 40 ml by body weight, and children need to drink more water. The best beverages are: water, mixed drinks (mineral water or soda water mixed with apple juice), fruit tea or herbal tea. Drink less coffee, alcoholic beverages and alcohol. 4. Eat some white foods In order to prevent the effects of autumn dryness on male functions, the diet should be based on the principle of “nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness”, and eat more white foods, such as white radish, cabbage, cabbage, broccoli, and mushroom , White fungus, sugar cane, Chinese medicinal materials include almonds, yam, poria, white sesame, lily, white peony, white fungus and so on. Of course, while paying attention to moisturizing, you must not forget the daily nutrition and protein intake. You need to have enough staple foods, fruits and vegetables, a balanced diet, and small meals. 5. Early to bed and early to rise can prevent diseases. The first adjustment of autumn health regimen is sleep time. Early to bed and early to rise are well known. In autumn, the yang energy in nature changes from dredging to converging and closing, and daily living and rest should be adjusted accordingly. Lying early in order to conform to the collection of yin essence, in order to “collect” Qi. Get up early to adapt to the relaxation of Yang Qi, so that lung Qi can be stretched, which is of great benefit to the prevention of respiratory diseases in autumn. Getting up early can also reduce the chance of thrombosis. Lazy bed for a few minutes before getting up, stretching and moving the whole body is also important for preventing thrombosis. 6. Eating wolfberry to invigorate the kidneys has always been a compulsory course for men. The kidney is the backbone of a man. In the past, it was popular to replenish shape, thinking that eating more viscera and seafood can achieve the effect of nourishing the kidney. However, the high cholesterol in offal and seafood products often causes problems such as high blood pressure. For middle-aged and elderly men, you can’t care about cholesterol. Most foods rich in vitamin E and cholesterol-free are good kidney products, and wolfberry is undoubtedly the first choice. In addition, black sesame seeds and walnuts are good kidney-tonifying products worth recommending. 7. One more hour of sleep in autumn. A good sleep can significantly increase the number of two kinds of immune cells in the body, while insufficient sleep will reduce the immune system function and increase the chance of getting sick. The weather becomes cold in autumn, which is a season of frequent diseases. You should increase your sleep time by one hour so that the immune system can recover from busyness and exhaustion, and wake up the next morning feeling refreshed. You might as well give it a try, the body will thank you for your efforts! Through the introduction of the above text, we have a very clear understanding of the common sense of men’s health in autumn, and we can strictly follow the above-mentioned methods in normal times. It can be aimed at one’s own body and has a good health care effect.

Assault overload exercise can cause kidney failure

 There are many reasons for kidney failure, especially the elderly. There may be corresponding problems with their own kidney function, and a lot of exercise is the cause. Runaway can indeed cause kidney failure.   Every one year old, the glomerular filtration rate of the kidney drops by 1 ml. Sudden heavy exercise causes a lot of sweating and loss of body fluids, resulting in insufficient renal fluid perfusion, one is unable to excrete toxins, and the other is renal ischemia, that is, acute glomerular necrosis occurs, and renal function declines sharply .  Assault overload exercise increases the burden on the kidneys  Renous walking leads to kidney failure not only for the elderly, but also for the young. After long-distance running training, it is not uncommon to have kidney failure and shock. This is mainly because the body produces myoglobin after overloaded exercise, which increases the burden on the kidneys. Therefore, young people should not take it lightly. The usual lack of exercise, assault physical exercise, and participation in overload exercise often induce underlying diseases.   Due to the strong reserve capacity of the kidney, when the kidney is slightly damaged, the kidney function can still be normal, and the condition is easily ignored. As we age, the kidneys are also aging. After 40 years of age, the kidneys gradually shrink, and renal blood flow begins to decrease progressively, decreasing by about 10% every 10 years, and by the age of 90, it is only half of that of young people.   Sweat slightly after exercising.    For the elderly, or those young people who have not exercised for a long time, exercise should be gradual. Don’t pursue a lot of sweating every time you exercise, but sweat slightly. In addition, pay attention to supplementing water during exercise to avoid excessive sweating and lack of water in the body.   In principle, people over 40 years of age should increase renal function items, even kidney color Doppler ultrasound, urine test, etc., for early detection and early treatment. In addition, kidney damage drugs, such as antibiotics, analgesics, etc., should be used with caution, to avoid the indiscriminate use of Chinese medicine and traditional prescriptions to prevent drug-induced kidney damage.

You who love to drink are not far from kidney failure

 Beer is a very popular drink for men, especially when the weather is hot, when you go out for supper or have a gathering of friends, you will drink a few glasses. However, drinking too much beer is harmful to the body. Especially for people with kidney disease, how to drink beer will increase the burden on the kidneys, and it may lead to kidney failure in severe cases.  Drinking too much beer will lead you to kidney failure.  Beer contains alcohol, which will increase the burden on the kidneys during metabolism. At the same time, the hops in beer have a diuretic effect and will increase the burden on the kidneys. At the same time, it will damage the liver. After the liver is damaged, toxic substances can not be able to further increase the burden on the kidneys. If you are already suffering from kidney disease and often drink a lot of beer, uric acid will be deposited and the renal tubules will be blocked, causing kidney failure.  Methods to prevent the deterioration of kidney failure   Once kidney failure occurs, it will bring great pain to the patient. There are mainly the following to prevent deterioration.   1. In life, patients should prevent infection, especially for respiratory or urinary tract infections, which are the most common. Preventing infection has a positive effect on preventing the deterioration of chronic renal failure.   2. Patients should try their best to prevent their own blood pressure height. Blood pressure is the most common symptom of chronic renal failure, but persistently high blood pressure will affect kidney function. Antihypertensive treatment can improve kidney function to varying degrees.  3. When taking drugs, patients should try to avoid substances harmful to the kidneys and nephrotoxic drugs, such as aminoglycoside antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.  4. Patients should strengthen their understanding of their own condition, and can judge their condition through some symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, excessive diuresis and insufficient water intake.  5. Patients should maintain a reasonable diet when taking a kidney disease diet, which is very important for the treatment of renal failure.

What checkups should be done before pregnancy?

It is the wish of all families to have a healthy and smart baby, so the clinic often encounters such questions, doctor, I am going to be pregnant, what should I do? So let me briefly talk about 1. Oral examination Women have toothache during pregnancy, and medical treatment will affect the fetus to a certain extent, so it is difficult to treat it. Both the fetus and the mother are affected. If the teeth have no symptoms during the examination, just wash them. If there is a serious illness, tooth extraction or other treatment is needed as soon as possible. 2 Gynecological endocrine examination If menstruation is abnormal, endocrine examination is required. This examination mainly includes 6 items such as follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing survival hormone, and excludes the possibility of women suffering from ovarian diseases such as irregular menstruation. 3 Routine hematuria examinations. Routine blood tests exclude anemia or other blood problems. Routine urinalysis is helpful for early diagnosis of kidney disease. The 10-month pregnancy puts a lot of pressure on the mother’s kidneys, and the increase in body metabolism will increase the burden on the kidneys, so it is necessary to check in advance. 4 Reproductive system examination Screen for trichomoniasis, mold, mycoplasma chlamydia infection, vaginal inflammation, and sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and syphilis to see if there are any gynecological diseases. It is best to treat thoroughly after detection, and then get pregnant, otherwise it will cause miscarriage, premature delivery and other risks. 5 Liver function examination There are currently two types of liver function tests. In addition to the full set of hepatitis B, the large liver function also includes blood sugar, bile acid and other items. If the mother is a hepatitis patient, it will cause premature delivery of the fetus after pregnancy, and the hepatitis virus can also be directly transmitted to the child. 7 Deformation complete inspection This inspection mainly includes three items: rubella, toxoplasma gondii, and cytomegalovirus. 60% to 70% of women will be infected with rubella virus. Once infected, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, it can cause miscarriage and fetal malformations. So it is necessary to do this check. 8ABO hemolysis test This test mainly includes blood type and ABO hemolysis titer to avoid hemolysis in infants.

Urinary tract infection is the enemy of polycystic kidney disease

Why is urinary tract infection important in the treatment of polycystic kidney disease? The dual factor theory of polycystic kidney believes that renal cystic diseases such as polycystic kidney disease are the result of long-term combined action of internal and external factors. In terms of external causes, infection ranks first among various external factors. This is not only because infection has a great impact on renal cystic diseases such as polycystic kidney disease, but also because there are too many types of infections. When an infection occurs, it will enter the blood and cause changes in the human body’s environment, thereby triggering changes in the cyst. Every drop of blood in the body has to be filtered by the kidneys, so the impact on the kidneys can be imagined. Among various infectious diseases, urinary tract infection has a more direct and greater impact on the kidneys. Urinary tract infections often occur in the bladder and can further progress to the kidneys, which are more common in women. In addition, urinary tract infections are also prone to occur after catheterization. Urinary tract infection and renal damage can form a vicious circle. The common symptoms of urinary tract infection are frequent urination, urgency, and painful urination. When the infection is severe, fever and pain will appear. In Western medicine treatment, urine culture is often carried out to determine the pathogen, and select suitable sensitive antibiotics for treatment. We believe that urinary tract infection is a manifestation of visceral dysfunction that ultimately leads to changes in the environment in the body. It should be treated actively and properly treated to prevent kidney damage caused by improper treatment. Due to the two factors of polycystic kidney disease and the cascade drainage method Attaches great importance to the role of external factors in the process of cyst growth and change, so the treatment process can often make it heal quickly and effectively prevent its recurrence. Clinical practice has proved that the prevention and correct treatment of urinary tract infections is a very important part of preventing and treating polycystic kidney disease and renal cyst diseases.

What food is better for high creatinine? Do you really know? The doctor concluded that chanting is very practical

For more patient communication and help, please follow the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] Many people will always see creatinine during physical examinations, and they can’t help but be curious about this. In fact, creatinine is a symptom of a disease. If the creatinine in the blood exceeds the normal level in the test report, the kidneys will be damaged, leading to kidney failure. So if creatinine is found to be high, what other food can we eat? 1. Eat more low-potassium foods, and try to eat less high-potassium foods: When the kidneys are not good, the risk of excess potassium and protein in the body may be retained, leading to an increase in inventory. If you don’t pay attention to your diet, it may lead to hyperkalemia and other critical situations, which can lead to cardiac arrest! Fruits and vegetables with low potassium content include: apples, pineapples, sugar cane, pears, pineapples and other fruits; Chinese cabbage, cabbage, mung bean sprouts, kidney beans, zucchini, loofah, eggplant, winter melon, cucumber and other light-colored melon vegetables. Potassium-rich foods include some fruits such as bananas, oranges, oranges, kiwis, persimmons, dried fruits; snacks of preserved fruits and nuts; mushrooms, some beans such as vegetables such as soybeans; dairy products, kelp, and some fish Wait. Of course, if you eat too much low-potassium foods, your body’s potassium content may exceed the standard, and you need to pay attention to total amount control. 2. Low-salt: After the kidneys slowly decline, the kidney’s ability to excrete sodium decreases, and the body’s sodium is accumulated, water and sodium are retained and edema occurs. In severe cases, heart failure occurs. Therefore, a low-salt diet is also very important. It is recommended that the daily salt intake should not exceed 5g. In addition to controlling table salt, pay attention to controlling hidden salt, such as: soy sauce, preserved food, processed food, MSG, etc. 3. Low-fat diet: The fat in the usual diet is mainly unsaturated fatty acids (tea seed oil, olive oil, linseed oil, fish oil, etc.). Oils that are solid at room temperature (bovine, pig, mutton fat) contain a lot of saturated fatty acids and should be eaten less or not. Animal organs have high saturated fatty acid content, high purine content, and high phosphorus content. These are actually taboos for chronic kidney disease, and it is best not to eat them. 4. High-quality low-protein: The metabolic waste products, blood creatinine and urea nitrogen, etc. that we often say are all derived from proteinuria. A large amount of protein intake will produce more metabolic waste products and put a certain burden on the body’s kidneys. Patients with renal failure should control the intake of protein. Protein is mainly composed of amino acids. There are some amino acids that our human body cannot synthesize and can only be supplemented by animal protein. These amino acids are called essential amino acids. If you have high creatinine in your life, don’t be too alarmed. As long as you actively identify the cause and treat it, you can get effective control. And in life, we should also pay attention to the combination of diet and control the intake of salt, which can also prevent the occurrence of increased creatinine.

In addition to urine protein and blood creatinine nephropathy, what else must patients pay attention to?

In addition to urine protein and blood creatinine nephropathy, what else must patients pay attention to? Elevated urine protein and blood creatinine are the most common phenomena of kidney disease. Whether it is a new patient who has just discovered kidney disease or an old patient for many years, they often focus on these two indicators. In fact, in the course of disease treatment, patients with the following three indicators also need to pay attention: 1. Plasma albumin When plasma albumin is low, the body’s immunity is reduced and infection is prone to occur, and infection may increase urine protein. The urine protein of most patients with kidney disease is not difficult to reduce, but it is difficult to avoid infection and relapse. The increase of plasma albumin is the prerequisite for the therapeutic effect. Low plasma albumin is also the culprit for a series of serious symptoms. Plasma albumin is lower than 30g/L, which becomes hypoalbuminemia. Hypoalbuminemia can cause high edema. In severe cases, heart failure, pulmonary edema, and deep vein thrombosis may occur, threatening life safety. 2. Kidney Volume Most patients with nephropathy have done B-ultrasound, and the B-ultrasound report will show the kidney volume. When kidney function declines, nephron sclerosis and fibrosis occur, the kidney will shrink and decrease in size. The volume of the kidney can be seen intuitively to see the degree of kidney sclerosis and fibrosis. The smaller the volume, the more serious the kidney failure. When there is an acute progression of kidney disease, blood creatinine will rise sharply, and it is impossible to show how far the kidney disease has progressed. Looking at the blood creatinine alone may cause “pseudouremic”, and the size of the kidney can reflect the true chronic renal failure process. 3. Urine Volume Among the six major functions of the kidney, the process of urine excretion accounts for three. The close relationship between urine volume and kidney function is self-evident. Especially when acute renal failure occurs, decreased urine output or even anuria is often the main reason for patients to seek medical treatment. When kidney function is restored, the increase in urine output is also a sign of improvement in treatment, which is more timely than the information provided by laboratory tests. Although the above three indicators are not the main basis for evaluating the treatment effect, they can reflect the state of the kidneys more truthfully and timely. In other words, for patients with relatively good three indicators, the therapeutic effect of urine protein and blood creatinine will not be too bad.

Will kidney cysts turn into kidney failure? What happens if a cyst ruptures? What are the symptoms of the body

For more patient communication and help, please pay attention to the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] The consequences of a renal cyst rupture are very serious. The bleeding caused by the rupture may endanger life and health. Therefore, patients must actively prevent the cyst from rupturing, which is relatively large. It is necessary to adopt surgical treatment as soon as possible, and to avoid trauma to the waist in normal times, and to pay more attention to rest, not always overwork, and avoid tension and anxiety. Generally, when a kidney cyst is larger than 3 cm, it will rupture. The main reason is that the kidney is ischemia and hypoxia caused by compression to the kidney. For this phenomenon, it is recommended that early protection and treatment should be carried out to fundamentally inhibit the secretion of intracystic fluid from the epithelial cells of the cyst wall, so that the cyst gradually decreases and inhibits growth, and it will not affect future life. If the renal cyst rupture is not treated in time, it is easy to cause infection, inflammation, etc., severe bleeding, secondary infection and even renal failure. For patients, symptomatic treatment must be used in treatment, timely and effective hemostasis, and regular systems Under the premise of anti-infection treatment, repair damaged kidney tissue and protect its kidney function. What is a renal cyst rupture? After a renal cyst is infected, the patient will generally show chills, fever, low back pain, and sometimes accompanied by frequent urination, urgency or pain. The blood culture is positive, and the urine bacterial culture can also be positive. If the cyst is located on the upper, lower pole or lateral edge of the kidney, puncture and aspirate the cyst fluid under the guidance of B-ultrasound or CT for routine examination and bacterial culture, and flush the cyst cavity with normal saline. Generally, body temperature can be lowered after puncture and suction, and puncture and rinse again every 2 to 3 days until the cyst fluid is clear and body temperature drops to normal.

Is nephritis serious? What should I do if I have nephritis?

 Nephritis has become a relatively common disease in daily life. It can be divided into acute nephritis and chronic nephritis. It not only causes harm to the patient’s body and brings great pain, but also seriously affects the normal life of the patient. In recent years, nephritis has also become younger and must be paid attention to. Many friends will ask, is nephritis serious? What should I do if I have nephritis? Nephritis, also called glomerulonephritis, is an allergic disease. Once you have nephritis, if you don’t get treatment in time, it is extremely likely to cause necrosis of the kidney tissue and sclerosis of the glomeruli, leading to kidney atrophy and even failure of kidney function, which is what we often call “uremia”, endangering the patient Life and health. In addition, for patients with chronic nephritis, if treatment is delayed or improperly treated, serious symptoms such as blood creatinine, renal hypertension, renal anemia, and blood urea nitrogen begin to rise, which gradually spread to the entire kidney, promote the deterioration of renal function, and finally cause Uremia even endangers the internal organs, greatly reducing the cure rate, increasing the difficulty of treatment, and prolonging the course of the disease. Patients suffer from nephritis and other complications for many years.   said that nephritis can be cured by early detection and early treatment. So as long as nephritis is treated in time, it is not serious. Once nephritis is found, it must not be delayed. If nephritis faces the disease positively, there is still a chance to heal. So, what should I do if I have nephritis?   1. If you have nephritis, you cannot abuse or use drugs indiscriminately. Many drugs are excreted through the kidneys. If the drugs are not used properly, they will cause serious damage to the kidneys, but will accelerate the deterioration of renal function. Therefore, once nephritis is found, you should find a regular hospital, and timely treatment is the correct way. Indiscriminately injecting medical drugs is a dangerous attempt.   2. Rest more. For patients with acute nephritis, rest in bed for 1 to 2 weeks. After the blood pressure is normal, the edema has subsided and the gross hematuria disappears, they can get out of bed and exercise. After the urine routine examination is normal for 3 months, they can perform physical activity and the body gradually recovers.   3. Pay attention to diet. Kidney disease is mainly related to protein. Therefore, if you have nephritis, reduce the absorption of protein to avoid accelerating the rate of glomerular sclerosis and renal function decline. However, insufficient intake will also lead to malnutrition and decreased resistance, so take good care of protein. Your intake is important.   Nephritis will endanger the physical and mental health of the patient and affect the life of the patient. Therefore, once nephritis is found, timely treatment is very important. It is important to choose a regular hospital and scientific treatment methods. It is also important to take good care of it to prevent infection.

Don’t just focus on creatinine in treating kidney disease, the key is this one indicator! Many people know about kidney failure

The quality of kidney function is the main factor in judging whether kidney disease will eventually develop into uremia. So how to assess whether kidney function is good or bad? The different aspects of the role of the kidneys are based on different evaluations. For example, the role of the kidneys in regulating water, sodium, electrolytes, and acid-base. You can use some symptoms such as the severity of edema to understand the metabolism of water and sodium, as well as related indicators, such as blood potassium, blood phosphorus, and blood calcium. The condition of alkali balance. How to evaluate the two most important functions of the kidneys, filtering function and detoxification function? Regarding these two functions of the kidneys, many people first think of looking at the blood creatinine index. As a type of metabolic “waste”, the constant increase in creatinine reflects the gradual decline in kidney detoxification and higher blood endotoxin levels. But in terms of filtration function, creatinine does not accurately reflect the damage to the glomerular basement membrane and the filtration rate. In fact, blood creatinine can reflect one aspect of kidney function, but it cannot be partial. Moreover, the level of creatinine is mainly affected by renal function. Only creatinine is used to judge the quality of renal function, but it is limited and the cart is upside down. In fact, there is an indicator that is very critical and plays a vital role in delaying the process of renal failure and prolonging the time of dialysis. This indicator is-glomerular filtration rate! Compared with blood creatinine, uric acid, cystatin C and other indicators, the glomerular filtration rate can objectively reflect the condition of renal function. Many people have no idea about the glomerular filtration rate, whether it is high or low, and how much it is, they don’t know very well, so it is very detrimental to the prevention of uremia. Today, I will take you to learn more about this “most familiar and unfamiliar” indicator! What is the difference between glomerular filtration rate and serum creatinine? According to two indicators, kidney disease can be divided into 5 stages: the lower the glomerular filtration rate, the higher the index of blood creatinine, and the more severe the damage to the corresponding kidney function. However, serum creatinine is sometimes not very “reliable”. The increase in creatinine caused by some acute factors often does not significantly decrease the glomerular filtration and the renal function is slightly damaged. At this time, it is not important to check the renal function. Blind dialysis has accelerated kidney failure. Case sharing: Some time ago, there was a patient with stage 3 membranous nephropathy. His creatinine was slightly increased by 155. He was very anxious to see the increase in creatinine. After a period of treatment in the local hospital, the creatinine did not decrease significantly, so he looked for it himself I took a traditional Chinese medicine recipe. After taking it for less than a week, I suddenly experienced dizziness and nausea. I went to the hospital to check blood pressure, serum potassium, creatinine and other indicators. The creatinine reached 980. In a short time, the creatinine Turned 10 times. After the cause was identified, the drug caused acute renal failure. After a series of corrective measures, the condition stabilized, the creatinine dropped to more than 100, the glomerular filtration rate stabilized at about 65, and the condition became stable. Although this patient quickly expressed his creatinine, the glomerular filtration rate did not decrease significantly, and there was still room for maneuver. It was not in the uremia period. Therefore, blood creatinine alone cannot make accurate judgments for nephropathy, and it is not good for treatment. Will kidney disease be uremia? How long does it take to get uremia? The key is to look at the rate of decline of glomerular filtration rate. If the creatinine is below 265 and the glomerular filtration rate is above 45, the nephrologists still have a chance to get rid of uremia, and may even reverse it. Nephrologists whose creatinine can’t drop don’t need to be anxious. They should be treated systematically and comprehensively. Kidney function will not be too bad, and uremia will not be too fast. What is the level of your glomerular filtration rate? Generally, the glomerular filtration rate can be estimated by checking the blood. The main related factors are blood creatinine, weight, age, gender, pathological type and staging, etc., which will affect the final calculation result. You can leave a message in the comment area for the level of your glomerulus.