What diseases can be detected by urine routine? After reading this article, learn to interpret the report by yourself

Urine is the metabolic waste formed by the continuous filtration of blood by our human urinary system. We urinate every day. Many friends like to observe urine to discover potential disease problems. Although this is a practice that attaches great importance to health, However, it is difficult to accurately judge whether you want to find disease problems through urine by visual observation alone. If you want to know whether your urine is normal, and what diseases and health problems the urine can reflect, you may wish to do a simple Inexpensive “Urine Routine” examination, through the urine routine examination, we can find abnormalities in various indicators of urine, and can also be used as a reference indicator to judge possible health problems in the body. Before introducing the relationship between urine routine indicators and diseases, the first thing I want to explain is that it is not very likely to clearly judge a certain disease through the urine routine test indicators. Usually we can combine the urine routine related The results of the examination are combined with some related symptoms of the patient to make a preliminary judgment, and then combined with other related examinations to be able to diagnose the disease more accurately. Urinary protein and impaired renal function. The kidney is the source of the urinary system and an important organ with a powerful filtering function. The kidneys filter and reabsorb the blood, excrete waste products, and reabsorb useful substances back into the body. Normally, The protein in the blood will be reabsorbed back to the blood by the kidney. The protein content in the urine is extremely low, but when the permeability of the kidney glomerulus membrane changes, or the reabsorption capacity is reduced or plasma When there are too many low-molecular-weight proteins, the protein will exceed the reabsorption capacity of the renal tubules, resulting in proteinuria. Usually the urine protein item in the urine routine should be a negative result, and if the urine protein is positive, it is likely that there is a problem with kidney function, various kidney disease problems, such as chronic nephritis, diabetes, high blood pressure and other diseases Problems such as chronic renal damage, nephritis caused by rheumatic diseases, nephrotic syndrome, etc., will all have positive proteinuria. Proteinuria is the earliest abnormal indicator of preliminary renal function impairment. The kidney is an organ with a powerful compensatory function. Although we have two kidneys, a healthy kidney can maintain the body’s normal metabolism and excretion. Therefore, when proteinuria problems occur, it often indicates that the kidney function has been damaged. The decompensation period is also the initial manifestation of impaired renal function. When proteinuria problems occur, the filtration function of the kidneys is often not seriously impaired. At this time, pay attention to strengthening the control of related diseases and paying attention to the protection of renal function. The effect is often too late, and if there is a severe increase in blood creatinine and a significant decrease in glomerular filtration rate, the kidney function has entered the stage of failure. At this time, it is too late to protect and regulate kidney health. . However, it should be emphasized that when proteinuria occurs, do not be frightened. In addition to proteinuria caused by kidney function problems, there are also some physiological proteinuria problems, such as strenuous exercise, high fever, and excessive mental stress. Physiological changes may also cause proteinuria, and pregnant women may also have mild proteinuria. These physiological proteinuria are usually mild and have no harm to health, so there is no need to worry. Hematuria, occult blood in urine, and kidney stones. Normally healthy urine is light yellow to yellow in color and clear and transparent. If the urine is red, it can be scary. In this case, it is very likely that there is a problem of hematuria. If more than 0.1% of blood is mixed in the urine, hematuria can be observed with the naked eye. Usually, the appearance of hematuria is often closely related to kidney stones. . Kidney stones mainly include oxalic acid kidney stones and uric acid kidney stones. When kidney stones appear, in addition to hematuria, they are often accompanied by severe low back pain, urination frequency, abnormal quantity and other problems. If they are not treated in time, they will also cause problems. Acute renal impairment. Sometimes, for less serious kidney stone problems, there may not be visible hematuria, but it can be found through occult blood reaction. Urine occult blood indicators can reflect the presence of hemoglobin and myoglobin in the urine, and are also used to determine related diseases An important indicator of Urinary hemoglobin is positive, usually in addition to the risk of kidney stones, there may also be severe trauma to the body, such as heart surgery, severe burns, severe damage to the muscles and blood vessels, etc., in addition, nephritis, tumors, infections, capillary lysis