What should hypertension patients pay attention to in their daily diet and nutrition?

First, for high blood pressure, diet and weight should be controlled. Second, low-salt diet is required for hypertensive patients. Under the action of certain endocrine hormones, sodium salt can increase the sensitivity of blood vessels to various hypertensive substances, cause arteriole spasm, increase blood pressure, and accelerate the process of renal arteriole sclerosis. Sodium salt also has The role of water absorption, after eating more sodium salt, it is easy to cause water and sodium retention in the body, causing edema. The daily salt intake should be controlled at about 2 grams. At the same time of low salt, the drinking water should not be too much. Third, low-calorie, low-fat, and low-cholesterol diets are required for hypertensive patients. Fourth, to appropriately limit the supply of protein, it should be within 1 gram per kilogram of body weight per day. Fifth, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, foods rich in vitamin B and vitamin C. Such as bean sprouts, melons, kelp, seaweed, fungus, etc. Sixth, vegetable oil should be used for normal cooking. Seventh, for hypertensive patients, eat more foods that have antihypertensive effects such as garlic, celery, shepherd’s purse, marantou, garland chrysanthemum, water chestnut, sweet potato, mung bean, corn, carrot, chrysanthemum, gourd, watermelon, sea cucumber kelp, jellyfish , Royal Jelly, etc.

Did you know that gout patients also have tips for eating kelp?

We all know that people with gout cannot eat seafood because most seafood is rich in purines. Can gout patients eat kelp? Kelp is rich in potassium, dietary fiber, and mannitol. They can change a person’s acidic body and promote the excretion of uric acid. Kelp is also an alkaline food and has a certain effect on relieving gout. However, although the purine content in kelp is lower than most seafood, it is still higher than ordinary vegetables and fruits. It is best not to consume too much for gout patients. When gout attacks, it is painful and unbearable, and it can also cause many complications. Therefore, in life, gout patients should strictly require their own diet, and the following “four points” should be implemented in the diet to prevent gluttony from causing high uric acid Lesions. 1. Control the total caloric energy intake Control the daily total caloric energy intake and eat less carbohydrates. In addition, eat less sucrose and honey, because they are high in fructose and will accelerate the production of uric acid. In vegetables, tender lentils, green broad beans, and fresh peas contain high levels of purines, so food should be restricted. 2. To limit protein intake, use milk, cheese, skimmed milk powder and eggs, which contain less purines. Try not to eat meat, poultry, and fish. If you must eat, you should boil the meat and discard the soup. This is because purine is easily soluble in water, and the content in the soup is high. Although soy products have high protein content, they should not be consumed by gout patients because they contain high purine content. For example, soybeans, tofu, dried tofu, etc. are forbidden. 3. Limit the intake of purine Purine is a component in the cell nucleus. As long as the food containing the cell contains purine, animal food contains more purine. Avoid or fast for high-purine foods such as animal offal, shrimp and crab, thick broth, edible fungus, seaweed, anchovies, sardines, clams, beans and beer. 4. Eat more alkaline foods such as vegetables, potatoes, fruits (green plums, lemons), etc., which can reduce the acidity of blood and urine. Polyphenol coffee, watermelon and wax gourd are not only alkaline foods, they are more beneficial to patients with gout. In summary, gout patients can eat kelp. Gout is a lifelong disease that can cause many complications. In addition to applying appropriate drugs under the guidance of a doctor, gout patients should also pay attention to the above points in their daily lives to stay away from gout.

Can I still eat seafood if I have kidney disease?

Seafood is often considered a taboo food for kidney disease, so that many kidney friends who love seafood and seaweed have to “reject their love”. In fact, most patients with kidney disease can eat seafood. Is seafood a contraindication for kidney disease? Not necessarily many kidney friends dare not eat seafood, thinking that seafood such as shrimps and crabs is a fat thing. In fact, the view that “seafood is hairy” only applies to a small number of patients with kidney disease, such as those who are allergic to seafood, and those with excessive blood uric acid. If you are not allergic to seafood and have normal uric acid, you can eat seafood. However, it should be noted that the consumption of crayfish is less likely to cause rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure, and there is a potential risk of kidney damage. It is better not to eat crayfish if you have kidney disease. Patients with nephrotic syndrome can eat seafood, but don’t eat too much. The great feature of nephrotic syndrome is the loss of a large amount of protein from the kidney, which will lead to a significant decrease in blood protein. The lowering of blood protein will have a serious impact on the body. For example, it will cause more obvious edema in patients. In addition, the reduction of globulin will lead to lower patient resistance. So at this time we need to use food to supplement some protein, so seafood is one of the choices. Seafood is also a high-quality protein, so it is relatively better to supplement protein with seafood. But for seafood, you can’t eat too much. If you eat too much, it is equivalent to an increase in protein intake, and the loss of protein from the kidney will further increase, which may cause aggravation of kidney damage. In addition, seafood contains a lot of purines. After being metabolized in the body, uric acid will be formed. Hyperuricemia is also a very important factor leading to kidney damage. In this respect, this kind of food cannot be eaten. too much. Can kelp and seaweed be eaten by people with kidney disease? Seaweed such as kelp and seaweed are not seafood. Seafood refers to fish, shrimp, shellfish, etc. in the sea. Seaweed is rich in nutrients. For example, kelp contains sulfated polysaccharides, natural mannitol, kelp acid and alginic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, iodine and other trace elements. They can absorb cholesterol in the blood, diuresis, swelling and prevent kidneys. Functional failure, prevention and treatment of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, prevention of goiter, etc. Most people with kidney disease can eat it. However, kelp and seaweed are relatively high in potassium. Patients with kidney disease at risk of high potassium (such as patients with renal failure and uremia with significantly elevated blood creatinine), and hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism), should not eat seaweed with high potassium content such as kelp and laver. In short, patients with kidney disease can eat too many foods, and only a small range of contraindicated foods. If kidney friends hear that they cannot eat a certain “big category of food”, they must not believe it easily. The fact is that there are often only one or two foods that are involved in a large category of food. Similarly, if you hear that “all patients with kidney disease” cannot eat a certain food, don’t believe it. The fact is that only a few special patients cannot eat it.

Why do intestinal polyps eat more alkaline food?

 Treatment of intestinal polyps must start with improving one’s own physique, and curing intestinal polyps from the source.   Eat more alkaline foods, improve your own acidic constitution, and at the same time supplement the necessary organic nutrients to restore your own immunity.   1. Strong acidic food: pastry made of white sugar or persimmon, cheese, egg yolk, mullet roe and bonito.   2. Medium-acid foods: ham, bacon, chicken, tuna, pork, eel, beef, bread, wheat, cream, horse meat, etc.   3. Weak acid foods: white rice, groundnuts, beer, wine, fried tofu, seaweed, clams, octopus, loach.   4. Weak alkaline food: radish, tofu, red beans, apples, cabbage, onions, etc.   5. Medium alkaline foods: tomatoes, egg whites, oranges, bananas, dried radishes, strawberries, spinach, dried prunes, lemons, carrots, soybeans and papayas.   6. Strong alkaline food: Chamagu, grapes, tea, kelp buds, kelp, lemon, etc.

Learn to nourish and develop a good “pregnant” gas!

For expectant mothers who are preparing for pregnancy, pre-pregnancy conditioning is divided into “body” and “heart”. Chinese medicine emphasizes that the internal organs of the five internal organs and the six internal organs should be coordinated and the balance of yin and yang should be balanced. Health “bogey” 1, dryness and heat from the point of view of the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, that is the result of imbalance of the body’s yin and yang. It is generally believed that the real fire is mostly caused by fiery evil invading or eating spicy. False fires are mostly caused by internal injuries and strains. Excessive injuries can lead to imbalance of internal organs and yin and blood deficiency to generate internal heat, which can then reduce the virtual fire. 2. Improper “cover” &nbsp.&nbsp. Many people know that spring covers autumn and freezes, but there are two extremes when they do it: young people don’t cover by firepower, and they wear singles and shoes early; old people, children But it is easy to cover his head, sweating and “stubbornly” not taking off his clothes. “Spring Cover” has two main points: First, don’t rush to “season change”. Don’t rush to pack winter clothes, wait for the temperature to stabilize before changing seasons; second, don’t cover your sweats. Covering your head too much can also cause a cold and a decline in resistance. &nbsp.&nbsp.3, Eating too sour, spicy &nbsp.&nbsp. “Spring and summer tonic” is the health standard advocated by medical classics such as “Huangdi Neijing”. Eating too sour and spicy will damage the yang. Spring is the liver qi, it is helpful to regulate the functions of various organs, but there is a disadvantage that it is easy to hurt the spleen. The sour taste enters the liver and the sweet taste enters the spleen, so eat less acid in spring to prevent excessive liver qi, and eat spicy foods can relieve the liver qi and replenish the spleen. Leek is the best food in spring, you can eat more but not overdose; and coriander, shallot, garlic, lotus seeds, jujube, yam, etc. are also very suitable for eating in spring. &nbsp.&nbsp.4. Doors and windows closed tightly.&nbsp.&nbsp.The temperature rises in spring and the humidity increases, and various bacteria and viruses begin to multiply. If the doors and windows are closed for a long time, or the air circulation is not good, it is easy to cause a cold epidemic and a high incidence of infectious diseases. Spring ventilation is more important than any season. 5. Bananas and pears should not be eaten with nourishing yin, cold foods should not be eaten in spring (except for special patients), such as bananas, pears, lilies, white fungus and so on. Especially cold things, such as ice cream and cold drinks, will gather cold in the body, causing spleen deficiency and causing a series of discomfort. Confucius, who was “fit for health” more than 2,000 years ago, warned us to “don’t eat from time to time.” Seasonal dishes are also “lucky dishes”, one must pay attention to “qi” and one “taste”. The smell of medicines and foods can only get the essence of heaven and earth only when it is seasonal, that is, the food that grows and matures and meets the solar terms. Pregnant women’s diet is easy to adjust in the spring, so that the fetus has a stable development environment at the initial stage. 1. Diet needs nutritional balance From the perspective of dietary science, spring emphasizes that protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals should be maintained in relative proportions to prevent overeating and overeating, and to avoid liver dysfunction and abnormal bile secretion. Second, the spring diet to raise liver is the first spring to raise yang and focus on liver. In the Five Elements doctrine, the liver belongs to wood, corresponding to spring, and mainly grows and germinates and grows in spring. You can eat some: spinach, broccoli, wolfberry. Spring is the peak season for the breeding of bacteria and viruses. The liver has the functions of detoxification and detoxification, and the burden is the heaviest. Moreover, due to the rise of liver gas, it will also cause the recurrence of old diseases. In order to adapt to the changes in the seasonal climate and maintain human health, dietary conditioning Should pay attention to the liver first. 3. The diet should be Yangyang. In terms of diet, the principle of “spring and summer tonic yang” proposed in the Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classics should be followed. It is advisable to eat more warm yangqi food to enrich the body’s yang and enhance the body’s resistance. In the spring, the body’s yang is enriched on the body surface, and the body’s yang is inadequate, so you should eat more things to strengthen the yang. At present, in addition to less edible wild vegetables such as Polygonum and Artemisia, onions, garlic, leeks, etc. are all good products for Yang. 4. Eat more sweet food and eat less acid. The famous doctor of the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao, said: “It is better to save acid in the spring and increase the sugar to support the temper.” It means that when spring comes, people should eat less sour food and eat more sweet food. The benefit of this diet is that it can replenish the spleen and stomach of the human body, such as jujube, yam, and rice. &nbsp.&nbsp. Fifth, diet should be light &nbsp. People with stomach cold can often eat some ginger to drive away the cold and warm the stomach; people with asthma can take some ginger honey water to moisturize and relieve asthma; people with chronic bronchitis , Should fast or eat less spicy food. Others also

Vascular “health”

Blood is the source of nourishing the body, it flows through the tissues and organs throughout the body. However, with the increase of age, some “garbage” will also appear in the blood. If they cannot be “cleaned up” in time, it will cause the blood to become unclean, thick, and not flowing smoothly, thereby affecting health. At this time, you may wish to help the body clean up the blood garbage through some blood vessel “scavengers” on the dining table and make a big sweep for the body. 1. Blood sugar stabilizer: Pu’er tea Pu’er tea is mild in nature, relatively irritating to the spleen and stomach, and contains tea polyphenols and other beneficial ingredients. The study found that Pu’er tea has a significant inhibitory effect on diabetes-related biological enzymes and helps stabilize blood sugar. Recommended eating method: Pu’er tea is recommended to be consumed between meals. Use 100 ° C boiling water for brewing. It is best to wash Pu’er tea first, because most Pu’er tea is consumed every other year or even years later, and it is easy to deposit dust. “Washing tea” can be used for “polyester tea”. 2. Blood lipid regulator: Oats and oats are rich in β-glucan and dietary fiber, which can inhibit the body’s absorption of cholesterol and have a good effect on regulating blood lipids. Moreover, oatmeal can bring a strong sense of fullness, making people not hungry for a long time. Recommended eating method: It is recommended to choose the most “simple” oats, that is, large flakes, whole grains, not finely crushed, and without adding any sugar, creamer and other ingredients. You can use it to boil porridge, add some nuts, nutrition and delicious. 3. Blood pressure control agent: Celery Celery is rich in potassium and apigenin, they are all conducive to controlling blood pressure. A study published in the Journal of American Heart Association “Hypertension” pointed out that proper drinking of celery juice does help lower blood pressure. Recommended way to eat: cooking celery should be less oil and less salt, otherwise it will weaken the antihypertensive effect of celery. Celery can be boiled and mixed with cold, or directly used to juice and drink. 4. Blood circulation catalyst: Black beans Black beans are rich in anthocyanins, which can clear free radicals in the body, lower cholesterol and promote blood circulation. In addition, anthocyanins also have eye protection effects. Recommended eating method: Anthocyanins are more stable under acidic conditions, and vinegar soaking is beneficial to the absorption of nutrients in black beans. Before brewing, the black beans need to be cooked. After cooling, pour the vinegar to make it pass the black beans, but need to leave about 1/3 of the space to prevent the black beans from expanding and overflowing. Cover and soak it, and eat it when the black beans are fully expanded. 5. Blood purification agent: Kelp kelp is not only food with high iodine content, but also rich in dietary fiber and gums. The gum component can combine harmful substances in the blood, such as heavy metals, and has the functions of detoxification and blood purification . Recommended way to eat: You can make kelp silk with cold kelp after soaking the hair. However, because kelp is cold, it is recommended that people with cold bodies and weak constitutions can eat kelp stewed tofu and heat it at high temperature to neutralize the coldness of kelp. 6. Thrombolytic agent: Natto natto is a soybean product made by fermenting soybean with natto bacteria. Studies have confirmed that nattokinase in natto can “dissolve” thrombus and prevent diseases such as myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. In addition, natto is also rich in soy isoflavones, zinc, calcium and vitamin K, not only can supplement estrogen, improve menopausal symptoms, but also prevent osteoporosis. Recommended eating method: In order to maintain the activity of nattokinase and other ingredients, natto can not be eaten by heating, it must be in a cold dish state and eat fresh. In addition, in order to maintain its beneficial cardiovascular health characteristics, it is not possible to add a large amount of oil and fat, nor is it recommended to be eaten with a large number of animal foods. It should be reminded that for people with related diseases, food cannot replace related treatments. It is impossible to achieve the purpose of treatment simply by diet, and you should go to the hospital in time.