In our daily life, we often hear older people say: “As you get older, your body will have more physical problems.” This should be your most true feeling, right? The reality is very grim: a machine will age and strike after being used for decades, not to mention the structure and its complicated human body. Among the many uncomfortable complaints of middle-aged and elderly people, pain should be the most common symptom. Why do middle-aged and elderly people feel sore, especially women? Common 4 possible causes 1. Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is the most common cause of body soreness in middle-aged and elderly people. With age, especially after menopause, the secretion of sex hormones declines, which will promote the enhancement of osteoclast function and accelerate bone loss. At the same time, the function and activity of osteoblasts decline, leading to insufficient bone formation. Under the combined action of these two aspects, it leads to a decrease in bone quality and an increase in fragility, resulting in osteoporosis. Because estrogen deficiency has a significantly greater impact on osteoporosis than androgen deficiency, osteoporosis is more likely to occur in middle-aged and elderly women. The main manifestations of osteoporosis are bone pain and muscle weakness, followed by fractures, so the whole body aches. 2. Osteoarthritis There are many bone joints in our body. The flexible movement of joints depends on ligaments and joint synovial fluid. With age, the bones and joints will gradually degenerate, and the joint synovial fluid will gradually decrease. It is like a machine gear lacks lubricating oil, so joint mobility will decrease, and there will be friction or noise during activities. As the disease progresses As it progresses, inflammatory mediators gradually accumulate in the joint cavity, which will cause osteoarthritis, which can sometimes manifest as joint pain throughout the body. 3. Sjogren’s syndrome is a diffuse connective tissue disease that mostly occurs in women, and the age is 30-60 years old. So far, the exact cause is not very clear. Most scientists believe that this is caused by an immune response induced by external factors. At the time of onset, 70%-80% of patients will suffer from systemic muscle and joint pain, as well as dry mouth and eyes, kidney damage, alveolar inflammation, leukopenia or thrombocytopenia. 4. Middle-aged and elderly patients with malignant tumors are also the age at which malignant tumors occur. When tumor cells gradually spread throughout the body, it will cause systemic pain. At this time, most of them indicate that the tumor has entered an advanced stage. In conclusion, when you get older, your body will be more prone to problems, so don’t underestimate any signal sent by your body. When you have a sore body and eliminate clear triggers such as overwork, it is recommended to go to the hospital as soon as possible to find out the cause as soon as possible. . (Some of the pictures in the article originate from the network and the copyright belongs to the original author. I would like to express my gratitude to the author of the picture. If you find any infringement of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)
. . The so-called squatting exercise is actually squatting up, repeating this action continuously, and sticking to it can achieve the purpose of health preservation; and in our lives, it is often said that health preservation first raises the feet, and squatting exercise can indirectly play The function of maintaining the health of the feet; and although the squatting exercise is a very simple aerobic exercise, it is still exquisite; the squatting posture can choose to lean against the back of the chair, and then squat down, the squatting posture is like It is the same as going to the toilet, and then staying still for 1 minute; this action is repeated 5 times, and 5 minutes is equivalent to running for half an hour, which is very beneficial to health.  . .When you squat down, let your toes support the weight of your whole body, lift your heels, press your calves with your thighs, and hold for 30 seconds; of course, you can also do the opposite, that is, lifting Touch the toes and heels on the ground, which can also play a role in exercising.  . . But when squatting, everyone needs to pay attention to keeping your feet apart so that you can squat; then stand up and your waist is tight and straight; only by maintaining such a movement, squatting will have an effect ; If you are over 50 years old, you need to slow down when you get up. It is best if someone nearby can support you to avoid getting up too hard and causing people to faint; if your joints are not Very good, or the bones are weak, then you are not suitable for squatting.  . .1, the stovepipe effect is good. The action of squatting mainly relies on the bending of the two legs to support the whole body; and the repeated operation of squatting up can help consume calories in the body, promote metabolism, and burn fat; if this action can be practiced for a month, then You will find that the thighs are very thin; and the mental state will become better, life will become more energetic, and the body will become healthier.  . .2, speed up blood circulation. As people grow older, the blood circulation function will gradually decline; we need to know that the body depends on the blood to transport nutrients, so that it can maintain life activities. Therefore, slowing blood circulation is not a good thing. By insisting on squatting for 5 minutes a day, it can help exercise the leg muscles of the body, keep the muscles tight, and help promote blood circulation; when the blood flow speeds up, it can indirectly Blood viscosity becomes low.  . .3, the joint becomes flexible. People often use this action when going to the toilet; now many people usually lie down and sit down. I believe many friends know that squatting for too long will cause numbness and uncomfortable legs, but they don’t know. Squatting for 5 minutes a day can also help exercise the joints of the body, maintain joint flexibility, and slow down the speed of joint aging.
Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mainly damages articular cartilage and affects the entire joint tissue. This disease is relatively high clinically. After the disease, patients will experience joint pain, stiffness, and limited mobility. However, because many people don’t know much about osteoarthritis and don’t know what the cause of this disease is, the following is the cause of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is mainly caused by the following factors: First, obesity, clinically due to overweight, increase the load on the joints, leading to changes in walking gait. Most obese patients with knee osteoarthritis are mainly concentrated in the medial cartilage. Second, with age, the body gradually undergoes degenerative changes. In the elderly, the content of mucopolysaccharide in cartilage decreases, and the toughness of bone decreases. It is easy to suffer trauma, and it is more common among female friends over 45 years old. Third, heredity, osteoarthritis has a certain genetic tendency. Fourth, climatic factors, often living in humid environments, may be due to humid environments Low stability and poor blood circulation in the bone. 5. Secondary causes, such as hip joint developmental abnormalities, femoral skull scaling, femoral neck abnormalities, old fractures, meniscus surgery, joint replacement surgery , Acute and chronic trauma, etc. will cause osteoarthritis.
The gender difference between men and women in rheumatoid patients is still quite large. The general clinical statistics is that the ratio of men to women is 1 to 3 to 1 to 4. Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid, which is related to her own physiological characteristics. Clinically The observation is that during this period of pregnancy, the increase of progesterone can play an anti-inflammatory effect to significantly improve the joint pain of patients suffering from rheumatoid. After giving birth, it will usually be 2 to 3 months. Rheumatoid outbreaks occur again, so female patients should pay more attention to rheumatism! Wang Jianqi said that it is related to certain susceptibility genes, and women’s own physiological causes are also certain susceptibility genes, which are easy to highlight in the body. Research shows The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in women is significantly higher than that of men. The incidence of rheumatoid arthritis is between 1:2 and 1:4, which may be related to women’s menstrual, pregnancy, fetal, and birth hormones. The level changes are related to the increase in the concentration of estrogen and progesterone in patients with rheumatoid arthritis during pregnancy. Certain anti-inflammatory effects of these hormones can relieve joint inflammation and pain. Most female patients are in the first trimester of pregnancy. The condition can be relieved, but the condition usually worsens after childbirth. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, women are yin and use blood as the main ingredient. If the kidney essence is not filled, the liver blood will be insufficient. In addition, the menstrual period, pregnancy, fetus, and childbirth will be full. Blood deficiency, so it is more likely to induce the onset of rheumatoid disease. It is related to the physiological characteristics of women. Compared with men, women need to give birth to offspring. Generally, they have to go through several special physiological processes of menstruation, belting, fetus, and birth. It will make women’s body functions and sex hormone levels change. Studies have shown that estrogen may promote the occurrence of rheumatoid, while progesterone may delay the development of rheumatoid disease. These sex hormones cause disease changes through immune function, so there are more female patients than men. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that women are yin and soft bodies, based on yin deficiency, and improper care of menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding and other processes often leads to loss of yin and blood, and the same source of essence and blood, so liver is prone to appear in these physiological links. Blood deficiency, insufficient kidney essence. The liver is responsible for storing blood, and the kidney is responsible for bones and marrow. In particular, artificial abortion, prolificacy, and abortion can easily damage the kidney qi and kidney essence, which is more likely to cause the occurrence of this disease. Women are more susceptible to cold than men. Feeling the evil of wind, cold and dampness is an important cause of rheumatoid disease. Most women who love women like to expose their knees, ankles, umbilical clothing, wear sandals, etc., so they are more likely to experience external evils than men and cause this disease. In addition, for housewife-type women, they usually need to wash dishes, laundry, etc., and they are exposed to cold water more frequently, which can easily lead to cold joints and disease. Related to emotions and life pressure In addition to normal work, women also have to undertake more domestic work. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that women are prone to damage liver qi, blood deficiency does not promote liver, liver qi is not thin, qi disorder, the disease is easy to aggravate or recur. Menopausal women experience decline in reproductive function and decreased hormone levels, leading to a certain degree of disorder in the immune system, which is easy to induce rheumatoid. Chinese medicine believes that both rheumatoid and menopause are closely related to the loss of liver and kidney, the viscera and meridians are not nourished, and the qi and blood are not in the bones, so there is a higher incidence of menopause when the liver and kidney are deficient. How to protect in life Pay attention to keep warm Be sure to keep warm. You must not eat too cold food in your diet, and you must pay attention to rest at ordinary times to avoid overwork and mental stimulation. Women will become weaker after childbirth, especially during confinement. Avoid wind, cold, damp and evil Avoid excessive humidity in the living or working environment, do not stay in an air-conditioned environment for a long time, avoid air-conditioning, fan blowing against, do not sit or lie in the air outlet, cold weather, you can properly soak your feet, apply heat to the joints, etc. Work and rest regularity For women who are ill, irregular work and rest such as overwork and frequent staying up late can easily cause fluctuations in the condition. Normally, you should develop regular work and rest habits, go to bed and get up as early as possible, keep your mood comfortable, and minimize labor intensity and working hours within the allowable range to maintain a stable condition. Pay attention to your diet In the diet, you should eat high-protein, high-calorie, easy-to-digest foods, and eat less spicy and irritating foods and cold and greasy foods. Menopausal women can usually use yam, medlar, eucommia, mulberry, etc. to make soups to strengthen the kidney and yin and blood. Insist on exercise Moderate exercise can strengthen the muscles and bones, improve the body’s immunity, and enhance
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks one’s own joints and tissues, accompanied by pain and inflammation. But in addition, inflammation caused by rheumatoid can damage the heart, lungs and blood vessels, causing serious complications. Therefore, in order to avoid the mutual harm of complications and rheumatoids, which will eventually lead to continuous “disaster” and even late dysfunction of patients, it is necessary to “be aware of the signs of complications in advance → contain them, and preemptively”! joint pain and swelling rheumatoid joints Inflammation affects any joints of the body. The most common ones are the hands (including the middle joints of the joints and fingers), wrists, feet and knees. The affected joints will feel hot, painful, and stiff. But if the symptoms of the affected joints continue despite the treatment, this may be a sign of complications, and you should consult a rheumatologist immunologist in time. In addition, there is one thing that needs special attention. If a joint is much more painful or swollen than other joints, and becomes red and hot, it may mean an infection. At this time, you should go directly to a rheumatologist. Fatigue Feeling extreme fatigue is a sign of rheumatoid arthritis. However, if your joints are recovering better, but you don’t feel the pain and fatigue decrease, it means you may be suffering from depression. Depression is a common complication of rheumatoid arthritis. At this time, it is recommended that you visit a psychologist and talk with the psychologist. Continuous coughing Rheumatoid arthritis inflammation can also affect other organs of the body, including the lungs. In fact, pulmonary complications related to rheumatoid arthritis are the most common clinical manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect the lungs, causing chest tightness and coughing. If the cough lasts longer than a week, be sure to tell the doctor and be evaluated by a medical professional, especially if it is accompanied by fever and nausea. Persistent coughing and shortness of breath may also be a manifestation of interstitial lung disease, which is another common complication of rheumatoid arthritis, which can lead to lung inflammation and trauma. Chest pain or shortness of breath People with rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop heart disease. If you already have rheumatoid arthritis with chest pain or shortness of breath, it is best to go to the hospital for an examination. This may be a sign of heart failure or heart disease. In order to reduce the risk of heart disease, it is recommended that rheumatoid patients maintain a healthy weight, quit smoking, and maintain normal cholesterol and blood pressure, not to increase. Body numbness or loss of balance Rheumatoid arthritis also affects the spine, causing the body to numb or lose balance, which is a symptom of diabetes. As rheumatoid arthritis increases the risk of diabetes, it may also be a well-known complication. Correct treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes will be of great help. blurred vision or eye pain blurred vision or pain in the eyes, these symptoms may mean that your eyes are inflamed, this must be paid attention to. Another potential eye risk associated with rheumatoid arthritis is retinal detachment. It can be seen from the above that if your rheumatoid arthritis is not well controlled, the symptoms will gradually affect the whole body. Therefore, aggressive treatment of rheumatoid as soon as possible is of great help to patients in reducing complications.
Gouty arthritis is caused by the deposition of urate in joint capsules, bursae, cartilage, bone and other tissues, causing lesions and inflammatory reactions. It is mostly genetic factors, and it is more common in men over the age of 40. The first metatarsophalangeal joint can also occur in other larger joints, especially the ankle and foot joints. Uric acid is the final product of purine metabolism. Gout is caused by long-term purine metabolism disorder and increased blood uric acid. If the patient has no clinical symptoms and the blood uric acid concentration is higher than the normal value, it is medically called “hyperuricemia”. If the concentration of uric acid in the blood reaches saturation solubility, these substances will eventually form crystals and accumulate in the soft tissues. Eventually cause inflammation in the body. Gout can be caused by diet, weather changes, such as sudden changes in temperature and pressure, and trauma. Family predisposition, inheritance pattern is unclear. 1. Cellulitis is often accompanied by systemic symptoms, and blood uric acid does not increase. 2. Crystalline arthritis includes pseudogout, hydroxyapatite deposition, steroid crystal arthritis, which requires a clear pathological diagnosis. 3. Wet Arthritis When gout affects multiple joints, it is often misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis. It is necessary to carefully analyze the medical history, detect rheumatoid factors and even pathology to identify them. 4. Negative spondyloarthropathy gouty arthritis with asymmetric large joint involvement of the lower limbs should be differentiated from ankylosing spondylitis, and attention should be paid to whether the patient has low back pain, especially inflammatory low back pain. In addition, HLA-B27 and sacroiliac joint imaging can be performed for further identification.
Nowadays, many people’s living standards have improved a lot, but various “riches and honour diseases” have also followed. High uric acid is one of them. High uric acid can be said to be the culprit leading to gout, and every attack of gout is painful. Therefore, the balance of uric acid is really important for people’s health. Once too high, it will endanger human health. Most people have more than a little or more uric acid, but it is not easy to find out. Many people know that their uric acid is much higher than normal until the onset of gout. If the following signs appear in your body, it means your body is telling you that your uric acid has risen! 01 Joint swelling If uric acid is abnormal, it may cause uric acid to be deposited in the blood and form uric acid crystals, which may lead to joint instability and swelling. Once the phenomenon of joint pain appears, we must pay attention to it. This is a signal sent by the body. 02 The appearance of tophis gout is actually a gout nodule. If uric acid is at a high level for a long time, uric acid will also be deposited in the soft tissues. Because the concentration of uric acid increases, uric acid crystals in the body will increase, forming some small nodules. 03 Impaired kidneys. If the uric acid continues to rise, the kidneys may damage the function of the kidneys due to the acidity of the urine. Sometimes, there may be abnormal manifestations such as high blood pressure and increased creatine. Regardless of whether gout or not, once uric acid is high, it is necessary to prevent it. 1. Weight control Many times gout is caused by obesity and glucose metabolism disorders. Therefore, weight control and calorie intake are important. 2. Reasonable Diet The diet should be reasonable, to achieve “low calorie, low fat, low purine”, and remember to eat less sweets, drinks and other things. 3. Drinking plenty of water without drinking alcohol can increase urination and help excrete uric acid in the body. And beer is the last thing you should drink. Alcohol can inhibit the excretion of uric acid. 4. Multi-exercise exercise can not only enhance physical fitness, but also help relieve joint pain. But avoid strenuous exercise or injury, otherwise it will only get half the result with half the effort, the gain will not pay the loss, and it will be easier to aggravate the condition. High uric acid can not only cause gout, but also damage the kidneys, and even lead to fatal kidney failure. Therefore, you must always pay attention to your body, do regular physical examinations, and be responsible for your body.
In my country, about 120 million people suffer from osteoarthritis, and almost 1 in 10 people suffers from arthritis, the world’s number one disabling disease at some stage in their lives. Don’t always think that osteoarthritis is an “exclusive term” for the elderly. In fact, its magic claws have quietly approached you and me. What causes arthritis to rejuvenate and maintain a posture for a long time. The living standards are getting better and better, and people are becoming more and more pampered, especially for people who sit in the office for a long time, even on days of rest. Going out to exercise, surfing the Internet at home, sleeping late, and inactive joints for a long time are also an important cause of arthritis. Overeating and not controlling weight. Many people choose to eat Hesai to release their unhappiness because of stress. Of course, they will inevitably have hobbies or habits, but it is not advisable to eat indiscriminately. Not only is it bad for the intestines and stomach, but it also easily leads to weight gain, which leads to increased knee pressure and accelerates joint degeneration. Excessive exercise itself is good for health, but if excessive exercise is bad for your health, excessive fatigue will cause great irritation to the nerves and joints. So once you should pay attention to avoid excessive exercise, learn to exercise scientifically and strengthen yourself. Protecting bones and joints from drips. Arthritis is the most common chronic disease of middle-aged and elderly people, and it is defined as the “first disabling disease” by the World Health Organization. Experts remind that the protection of joints should start in daily life, and disease should be prevented, diagnosed, and treated early to prevent disability.
1. Acute gouty arthritis most patients have no obvious signs before the onset, or only fatigue, general malaise and joint tingling. The typical attack is often awakened by joint pain in the middle of the night, and the pain is progressively intensified, reaching a peak around 12 hours, showing tearing, knife cutting or biting, which is unbearable. The affected joints and surrounding tissues are red, swollen, hot, painful, and functional. More than a few days or 2 weeks to relieve itself. The first attack often invades a single joint, and some of it occurs in the first metatarsophalangeal joint. In the later course of the disease, some patients involve this part. Followed by joints such as the back of the foot, heel, ankle, knee, wrist, and elbow. Joints such as shoulder, hip, spine and temporomandibular joints are less affected, and multiple joints may be involved at the same time, showing polyarthritis. Some patients may have systemic symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, palpitations and nausea, which may be accompanied by increased white blood cell count, increased red blood cell sedimentation rate, and increased C-reactive protein. 2. During the intermittent period, the gout attack lasts for several days to several weeks and can be relieved by itself. Generally, there are no obvious sequelae symptoms, or local skin pigmentation, scaling and irritation, etc., will enter the asymptomatic intermittent period, which lasts several months and several months. Recurrence after a year or more than ten years, most patients relapse within one year, more and more frequently, more and more joints are involved, and symptoms last longer and longer. The affected joints generally develop from the lower limbs to the upper limbs, from the distal small joints to the large joints. Joints such as fingers, wrists, and elbows are involved. A few patients may affect the shoulder, hip, sacroiliac, sternoclavicular or spinal joints, or joints. Symptoms tend to be atypical in surrounding bursae, tendons and tendon sheaths. A small number of patients have no intermittent periods and show chronic arthritis after the first onset. 3. Subcutaneous tophi and chronic tophus arthritis during chronic tophi disease are the results of long-term significant hyperuricemia, and a large number of monosodium urate crystals are deposited under the skin, joint synovium, cartilage, bone and soft tissue around the joint . The typical location of subcutaneous tophi is the ears, and it is also common around the joints, olecranon, Achilles tendon, and patella bursa. The appearance is yellow-white growths of various sizes raised under the skin. The skin surface is thin, and white powder or paste is discharged after rupture, which does not heal for a long time. Subcutaneous tophi often coexists with chronic tophitic arthritis. A large amount of tophi deposited in the joints can cause joint bone destruction, fibrosis of the tissues around the joints, and secondary degenerative changes. The clinical manifestations are persistent joint swelling and pain, tenderness, deformity and dysfunction. Symptoms in the chronic phase are relatively mild, but acute attacks may also occur. 4. Kidney disease (1) Chronic urate nephropathy Uric acid crystals are deposited in the renal interstitium, resulting in chronic tubular-interstitial nephritis. The clinical manifestations include decreased urine concentration, increased nocturia, low specific gravity urine, small molecule proteinuria, leukocyte urine, mild hematuria, and tubular urine. The late stage can cause glomerular filtration function to decline and renal insufficiency. (2) Uric acid urinary tract stones The concentration of uric acid in the urine increases and becomes supersaturated, which deposits and forms stones in the urinary system. The incidence in gout patients is more than 20%, and it may occur before the occurrence of gout arthritis. Smaller stones are excreted in the urine in a gritty shape, and may be asymptomatic. Larger ones can block the urinary tract, causing renal colic, hematuria, dysuria, urinary tract infection, renal pelvic dilation, and water accumulation. (3) Acute uric acid nephropathy blood and urine levels of uric acid rise sharply, a large number of uric acid crystals are deposited in the renal tubules, collecting ducts, etc., causing acute urinary tract obstruction. The clinical manifestations are oliguria, anuria, and acute renal failure. A large number of uric acid crystals can be seen in the urine. Mostly caused by secondary causes such as malignant tumors and their radiotherapy and chemotherapy (ie tumor lysis syndrome).
The patient shared recently that Xiao Zhang told the doctor about her painful experience at Shijiazhuang Hexie Stomatological Hospital: When she first started eating, the left temporomandibular joint (the position of the left masseter muscle) cracked so badly, as if the joint was going to Come out the same. At that time, Bingzhu was a young and beautiful girl, and thought that this little thing would be fine in a few days, so he left it alone. However, one day a week later, when I woke up to brush my teeth in the morning, I found that my mouth couldn’t open, it really couldn’t open, and I couldn’t even put the toothbrush in. When I force my mouth to open, I feel that the joints are stuck. If I apply more force, I feel a pain in my heart. This made her realize the severity of the condition. Subsequently, the doctor performed corresponding physical examination and MR scan of the temporomandibular joint for her, and Xiao Zhang was diagnosed with temporomandibular joint disorder. What is temporomandibular joint disorder? Temporomandibular joint disorder is one of the common diseases in the oral and maxillofacial region. This disease usually occurs in young adults and has a higher incidence in women. When you have one of the following symptoms, you should be alert for this disease. ◎Pain in the temporomandibular joint. Under normal circumstances, the joint is not painful for no reason. The pain of joint disorders is not obvious when you get up in the morning, and will gradually increase with daily activities and eating. In severe cases, it will be accompanied by toothache and headache. ◎ Joint dyskinesias such as opening too large or too small, or suddenly “stuck” when opening and closing the mouth, and some people obviously see that the exit angle is crooked when opening the mouth. These are all abnormal joint motor functions. ◎When the joints snapped when opening or closing, I suddenly heard a “chucking” sound.  . . The cause of temporomandibular joint disorders So some people will ask, what happened to the good joints? In fact, it will not be unreasonable. When you see a doctor, the dentist will ask about your medical history in detail. You must think carefully and tell the truth. ●Occlusal factors Excessive wear of teeth, too many molars, bad dentures, bad restorations during recent dental visits or too high occlusal pads increase the distance between the occlusal, which makes the internal structure of the joint lose balance, which can lead to Temporomandibular joint disorder. ●Traumatic factors Grind your teeth at night, like to bite hard objects, chewing gum for a long time, face cold irritation, fight with others and hurt your face, go to beauty salon for beauty treatment, cause minor trauma, suddenly bite hard objects or open your mouth too much when yawning These can lead to joint strain and contusion, as well as masticatory muscle dysfunction and induce this disease. ●Other factors Modern people are too nervous and emotional due to the tight rhythm of life, which are also factors that easily induce this disease. Inspection methods for temporomandibular joint disorders Previously, conventional inspection methods of temporomandibular joint included plain X-ray and arthrography. Transpharyngeal X-ray plain film of the Xue’s position and condyle of the joint can understand the motion state of the joint, but it is insufficient for the display of the articular disc; arthrography can find the displacement of the articular disc, perforation, and changes in the attachment of the articular disc. The cartilage surface changes, but arthrography is an invasive examination, which is rarely used in China. Nowadays, MRI is commonly used as the standard of examination. MR scanning technology can obtain high-resolution MRI images of the temporomandibular joint, which can accurately determine the condition of joint disc dislocation and soft tissues such as muscles, and provide important information for the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders. ◎The state of the joint disc in the normal closed position and open position. ◎The temporomandibular joint disc cannot be refolded before displacement. In the closed position, the joint disc is located in front of the condyle, and the joint disc is twisted; in the open position, the range of motion of the temporomandibular joint is significantly weakened and the joint disc is further twisted. ◎The temporomandibular joint disc can be refolded and moved forward. In the closed position, the joint disc is twisted into a pipe shape; in the open position, the joint disc is reset and located between the condyle and the mandibular tubercle.
Hemophilic arthritis is a very serious problem. Improper treatment can lead to an increase in the teratogenic rate of hemophilia patients! However, targeted and timely treatment can greatly avoid this situation. The effects of hemophilia arthropathy mostly occur in moderate to severe hemophilia patients with frequent bleeding. Generally manifested in joint hemorrhage, hematoma, mostly in the knee joint, ankle, hip, shoulder, elbow.  . . .The first process . . is the bleeding period, when the hemophilia’s joints suddenly and acutely bleed with severe pain, the joints are swollen, tender, and movement is restricted, and the joints begin to appear Protective stiffness, sometimes with fever and increased white blood cells, is usually misdiagnosed as septic arthritis.  . . .The second process . . is the period of inflammation. Hemophilia is caused by repeated bleeding in the joints, which leads to thickening of the joint capsule and synovium, followed by joint swelling, restricted movement, and friction or friction during exercise. Bone sound. For children, the hematoma after hemophilic intra-articular hemorrhage is generally absorbed slowly, and it takes about three to six weeks.  . . .The third process . . is the degeneration period. Hemophilia’s joint movement has been severely impaired, muscle atrophy and other symptoms. The knee joint is prone to hyperplasia, flexion, contracture and other deformities, and then serious and easy to cause Disabled.  . . In addition to joint disease, hemophilic arthritis can cause hemophilic cysts due to bleeding under the fascia, subperiosteal, or muscle. X-rays can be used to check the severity of normal bone, bone cysts, osteoporosis, and joint damage at different stages of hemophilic arthritis. Take timely targeted treatment and perfect preventive measures!
Eating fat, sweet and thick taste, or alcoholism, damages the function of the viscera, causing the spleen to lose health, phlegm and turbidity endogenously, stasis in the joints, causing swelling and pain. The evil dampness persists for a long time, attaches to the backbone, forms a phlegm nucleus, hard as a stone, and causes gout. The causes of gout include congenital deficiency, insufficient congenital endowment, deficiency of both spleen and kidney, spleen’s qi transformation and negligence will cause water dampness, phlegm endogenous, kidneys do not control water, water turbidity stops internally, phlegm coagulation of meridians, arthralgia And swelling and pain. Deficiency of liver and kidney, lack of essence and blood, loss of nourishment of bones and muscles, or kidneys do not control water, dampness and cohesion, flow into joints and muscles, and stagnation of meridians, all may cause swelling and pain. The etiology of some patients with gout is that they live in dampness, wading in the rain, or sweating as the wind. The evil of wind, cold, dampness and heat is left in the limbs, bones, and joints for a long time. , Damp-heat arthralgia, stays between the limbs, muscles and joints, arthralgia obstructive, the disease is caused. Local trauma, internal resistance of blood stasis, blockage of joint meridians, poor qi and blood, which can aggravate blockage of meridians and induce the disease. Therefore, at the initial stage of the disease, the disease is in the joints, muscles and veins, which will erode the bones and even internal organs. The nature of this disease is the deficiency of the essence, the deficiency of liver, spleen and kidney, wind, cold, dampness, heat, phlegm, blood stasis and obstruction.
Rheumatism? Rheumatoid? Don’t worry! Ancestral secret recipe is absolutely effective! Why do some people think that “recipe” is effective? Although these “drugs” will claim “pure Chinese medicine”, but they often add glucocorticoids, non-steroidal anti-steroids in unknown doses. Inflammation drugs or more toxic Chinese medicine ingredients. Although the patient may experience pain relief soon after taking it, taking it for a long time may cause many adverse reactions, such as severe gastrointestinal reactions, liver and kidney damage, severe osteoporosis and even femoral head necrosis. As for the patients with joint destruction, deformity, and dysfunction due to the lack of formal treatment and delayed disease, there are countless patients. Be eager to treat diseases, and don’t believe in home remedies: Rheumatism is often insidious, has a long course of disease, and is highly harmful, with joint damage and deformation, limited function, and even damage to organs that endanger life. But most of them can be well controlled after regular treatment. Therefore, if you suffer from rheumatoid disease, you must be treated in a regular hospital, and remember to use “recipe and secret recipe” casually to delay treatment
With the improvement of people’s living standards and the extension of life span, the incidence of arthritis has greatly increased. According to statistics, there are 355 million people suffering from arthritis in the world, of which 190 million suffer from osteoarthritis, and more than 16.5 million suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. In Asia, 1 in 6 people suffers from arthritis, the number one disabling disease. Relevant data show that the total incidence of arthritis in my country is about 13%, and there is a trend of younger generation. Experts remind: Early prevention, early diagnosis and early treatment of arthritis to prevent disability. 1. Pay attention to these symptoms. So how do you judge whether you have arthritis? First, you can judge whether you have redness, swelling, heat, pain, and dysfunction. Red hóng refers to redness of the skin when the joints are acutely inflamed. Swelling zhǒng refers to joint swelling caused by fluid accumulation in the joint cavity or inflammation of the soft tissue around the joint. Heat refers to that the joints of normal people are cold to the touch. If the joints are hot or even hot to the touch, it proves that there is inflammation in the joints. Pain is the most important manifestation of arthritis. It usually occurs during activities. Some diseases can occur during rest. The pain is aggravated when the inflammation is obvious. Gōng can néng hinder zhàng hindrance ài finger joint swelling and pain or structural damage resulting in restricted movement. There are four common types of arthritis, namely: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and gout. Each of these four types of arthritis has different characteristics. Osteoarthritis is a kind of degenerative osteoarthrosis, which is more common in people over 50 years old, so it is called “middle-aged and elderly crippling killer.” Osteoarthritis mainly affects weight-bearing joints such as knees and spine. It usually manifests as up and down stairs, knee pain and discomfort when squatting up, and knee stiffness after getting up in the morning or sitting for a long time. As the disease worsens, patients may have symptoms such as pain when walking on flat ground and even joint deformation. The common manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis are symmetrical pain in the joints of the fingers, wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, and feet, often accompanied by joint stiffness when waking up in the morning, and joint deformities often occur without standard treatment, which seriously affects work and life. 80% of the onset occurs in young and middle-aged people aged 35-50. Women are more common, so they are “mutilated killers of young and middle-aged women.” Ankylosing spondylitis mainly affects the spine and is more common in young and middle-aged men. It is a “crippling killer of young men”. Mainly manifested as low back pain when waking up at night and in the morning, asymmetric arthritis of the lower limbs may also occur, untreated spinal deformity, seriously affecting the quality of life. Most patients have a family history, and more than 90% of patients are HLA-B27 positive. After long-term hyperuricemia of gout, the deposition of urate crystals in the joints induces arthritis. The pain is severe and the redness and swelling are obvious, and the initial stage can disappear naturally. Intermittent episodes, if untreated, they become chronic tophisic arthritis and become persistent pain. In addition to causing joint deformities, gout can also cause renal insufficiency, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and stroke. Gout has now become a common disease, more common in adult men and elderly women. There are many types of arthritis, and it is usually difficult for ordinary people to accurately distinguish. Therefore, it is recommended to use a mobile phone to take pictures of the joint conditions at the time when joint pain and disease occur, and to go to a regular medical institution for diagnosis and treatment in time, so that the doctor can provide you with professional treatment suggestions to avoid delaying the condition. Cause irreversible damage. 2. Tips for joint protection In daily life, the following aspects should be paid attention to when protecting joints: 1. Avoid excessive use of joints. ✪Long-term standing, walking, climbing stairs, climbing and other activities will overuse the knee joint. Especially when going downhill in mountaineering activities, the weight of the whole body is completely pressed on one knee joint, and the pressure on the joint is several times that of normal standing. 2. Avoid being overweight. ✪Obes and stout bodies are heavy and will inevitably increase the weight of joints. Therefore, when you are overweight, you need to control your diet and exercise properly to reduce weight. 3. Avoid cold joints. ✪Cold joints will cause the muscles and blood vessels around the joints to contract, resulting in poor blood circulation, and the joints will not receive good nutrition, which can easily lead to osteoarthritis. 4. Appropriate calcium supplementation. ✪When the body’s calcium content is insufficient, it is easy to cause osteoporosis and the muscle strength that supports the joints will also decrease, which also contributes to the occurrence and development of osteoarthritis.
Morning stiffness makes people feel involuntarily. Morning stiffness mostly occurs in the morning and is a common feature of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. After waking up in the morning, some patients find that their joints become abnormally stiff, their movements are also restricted, and there are cold and numbness at the front of their limbs. In severe cases, the stiffness can reach the whole body. However, after activity or body warmth, the symptoms of stiffness will be relieved and disappear. The degree and time of morning stiffness are consistent with the severity of the disease, which is an important basis for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid morning stiffness scale 1. Mild morning stiffness mild morning stiffness is relatively short, and it can return to normal after a few minutes or half an hour after waking up or waking up. It is common in the finger (toe) joints and wrist joints. . 2. Moderate morning stiffness It takes a few hours to recover from moderate morning stiffness. Most of the joints occur more than 4, or 1~2 large joints appear at the same time. The patient needs to be active from bed to afternoon to relieve the symptoms. 3. Severe morning stiffness Severe morning stiffness cannot be changed by activities. Patients must take drugs to relieve or relieve symptoms, and when it occurs, all major joints of the body will be affected at the same time. Ways to relieve morning stiffness of rheumatoid 1. Warm water soaking: If rheumatoid arthritis has morning stiffness when you get up early, stop your activities immediately and avoid moving the stiff joints. At this time, you can soak the stiff joints with hot water or take a warm water bath. , Which can relieve the morning stiffness, and move the joints after the morning stiffness is relieved. 2. Bed rest: If the morning stiffness lasts for a long time, patients should pay attention to bed rest to reduce joint movement and protect the affected joints. Particular attention should be paid to restricting joint activities that have morning stiffness to better maintain joint function. When resting, a soft pillow can be placed under the knee to keep the knee joint straight, and a foot plate can be placed on the sole of the foot to prevent sagging. 3. Take medication on time: For rheumatoid arthritis with symptoms of morning stiffness, pay attention to taking medication on time, avoid stopping the medication privately, or increasing the dose, reducing the dose, which will only cause symptoms to worsen, and for those with gastrointestinal reactions The medicine can be taken after meals to reduce gastrointestinal reactions. Drink more water after taking the medicine. 4. Keep exercising: After the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are under control, you should get out of bed and do simple exercises as soon as possible, such as flexion and extension of the limbs or grasping and pinching of the hands, walking, etc. Appropriate activities can promote the blood circulation of the body, and at the same time, it can activate the major joints of the body, thereby enhancing the flexibility of the joints and avoiding repeated symptoms of joint stiffness due to long periods of inactivity.
After the “Bailu” solar term, the power of the cold air in the north continues to increase, sometimes southward, causing the temperature to gradually drop, and the temperature difference between day and night is increasing. This kind of environment with warm days and cool nights, patients with rheumatoid arthritis bear a double test Recently, the number of patients who come to see a doctor is also increasing. Among them, many patients with rheumatoid arthritis do not pay attention to keeping warm, leading to recurrence of rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is mainly manifested by pain and swelling, and is called “undead cancer.” In the current season, pay attention to keeping the joints warm and be alert to the onset of rheumatoid arthritis. In daily consultations, many patients do not have the awareness of preventing rheumatoid arthritis. For middle-aged and elderly people, the prevention of rheumatoid arthritis is particularly important. It is recommended to start with the following aspects. Strengthening physical exercise People often say that life lies in exercise, and reasonable exercise is the best way to enhance immunity and disease resistance. Therefore, patients with rheumatoid arthritis should also participate in physical exercises, such as gymnastics, slow walking, Tai Chi, etc. Dancing for the elderly, etc., use various forms of exercise to enhance physical fitness, and reasonable and effective exercise can also promote physical health to a certain extent. However, patients with rheumatoid arthritis must be gradual when exercising, and must not be rushed, so as not to cause trauma and affect their normal life. Pay attention to cold and warmth. The joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis are easily affected by the season. Due to the rain in autumn, pay attention to moisture-proof the joints of the legs and hands, and do not touch water frequently. At the same time, cold joints can easily lead to rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, always pay attention to the warmth of the joints and do not wear wet clothes, wet shoes, wet socks, etc. The diet should be temperate. The diet should be regular and quantitative. The soft, hard, cold, and hot food should be suitable. Don’t overeating because of fear of weak physique and insufficient nutrition, which will increase the burden on the spleen and stomach and damage the digestive function. Each body’s constitution, its own feelings, and the degree of pain are not consistent, so the diet is also different. Maintain an optimistic attitude and maintain a good mental state, treat the disease correctly, must not be irritable, anxious, not indifferent, let alone depressed. Be good at self-control, study hard, work actively, broad-minded, and live happily. Finally, to remind the majority of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, we must pay attention to the maintenance of joint parts, and also pay attention to reasonable prevention and conditioning in diet and living habits. Once symptoms of joint pain appear, you must go to the hospital for treatment. Reminder: The Bailu season has basically ended the sultry heat of the summer, and it is truly autumn. The sky is high and the clouds are light, the air is cool and the air is cool, the temperature difference between morning and evening is large, so you need to pay attention to adding clothes. While the autumn wind is cooling down, it also blows away the moisture in the air, which is prone to “autumn dryness”. You should also pay attention to light diet. If you have rheumatism, rheumatoid, gout and other related symptoms, please consult a doctor in time.
Assistant Hu Guisheng WeChat: dd326751 Article source: Reposted from the WeChat public account [Hu Guisheng Studio] Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder. Once bleeding, it cannot be stopped spontaneously. It often affects the joints. If the joints bleed repeatedly, it can cause joint inflammation, and even cause joint deformities and disabilities. Therefore, patients with hemophilia should pay special attention to protecting joints. So, how should patients with hemophilia take care of their joints correctly? hemophilia (homophilia), which is a severe coagulation dysfunction caused by the lack of certain coagulation factors in the blood. According to the lack of clotting factors, it can be divided into three categories: A (A), B (B), and C (C). The first two are sex-linked recessive inheritance, and the latter is autosomal incomplete recessive inheritance. In the face of joint pain in patients with hemophilia, some doctors recommend using knee pads, but long-term use of these items is not conducive to the circulation of blood. Some patients suffer from severe atrophy of leg muscles due to long-term use of knee pads, so this approach does more harm than good. If joint bleeding cannot be stopped in time, it will cause excessive blood accumulation, slow recovery, and severe joint function damage. In the future, this joint will have more opportunities for bleeding, faster disability, more sins, and more money. Therefore, factors should be supplemented in time for joint bleeding. At that time, a lot of money was spent, but the recovery was fast, the chance of disability was reduced, and the quality of life was effectively improved. In patients with hemophilia, if the joints cannot move normally due to hemorrhage in the articular cavity, they should brake locally and keep their limbs in a functional position. Do not load the affected limb until the swelling has completely subsided and muscle strength has not recovered. After the joint bleeding is controlled, the family or medical staff need to help the patient to perform active or passive joint activities. The purpose of universal functional exercise is to prevent joint contractures, stiffness, muscle atrophy and loss of function. -If necessary, work out an activity plan with the patient to cooperate with the treatment and recovery.
Friends who have rheumatoid disease around, I think everyone will know something. It is these patients, every time in the early stage, the small joints including the fingers will be inexplicably stiff and unable to move, but as the activity increases, Slowly stiff fingers began to become active. Therefore, some people begin to think that when their finger joints are painful, they must be rheumatoid. Is this really the case? How to distinguish it correctly? Is finger joint pain rheumatoid? 1. Just like the above, Generally, rheumatoids usually occur after getting up, and the pain lasts for an hour or even longer, but not less than half an hour. The pain is not intermittent, but a continuous, dull pain. a feeling of. In contrast, if it is simple joint pain, the duration will not last so long, and it will be short in comparison, and the pain is mostly intermittent. 2. If the pain is caused by rheumatoid, it will last longer than the weak, dull pain, and will not be particularly severe, so the impact on people will be relatively longer, although it will not cause people to suffer more mentally. But if it goes on for a long time, it will affect people’s quality of life. The simple pain of the joints is heavier than that. For example, sometimes because of overwork, the joints will be very painful after changing the sky, and the joints will continue to be more intense. Severe pain, but he recovered quickly. 3. If it is joint pain, in addition to joint parts, including other parts of the fingers, there will be associated pain and discomfort, and as the joint pain disappears, other parts may not disappear quickly. However, for the pain caused by rheumatoid, it is mainly local joints, so the range of pain is relatively limited. Compared with other parts of the hand, there will be no pain, or the pain and discomfort involved. So this is also an important performance to distinguish between authenticity. 4. In addition to the above, rheumatoids are more common in the elderly, and they have a long medical history. Therefore, it is not difficult to determine whether it is real rheumatoid, real joint pain, or fake rheumatoid based on this information. . Hope to help everyone.
Many patients who have not been able to treat rheumatoid arthritis in time and effectively, as the disease progresses, the degree of joint damage continues to increase, joint degenerative disease and fluid effusion will occur, especially the knee joint. Is rheumatoid knee effusion serious? How to deal with it correctly! This article tells you. 1. What is synovial fluid? First of all, patients with rheumatoid should know that the joint cavity itself is filled with synovial fluid. Joint synovial fluid is secreted by the joint synovium and is continuously absorbed and metabolized, so as to keep the joint synovial fluid not too much or too little. Joint synovial fluid is an important source of joint lubrication and articular cartilage nutrition. When synovial fluid is not secreted enough, it will lead to insufficient joint lubrication and wear of joint cartilage. 2. Abnormal secretion of synovial fluid and local metabolism of joints. However, if the synovial membrane is stimulated, such as synovitis, it will cause excessive secretion of synovial fluid. If it cannot be absorbed and metabolized in time. This will cause these synovial fluid to collect in the joint cavity, which increases the pressure in the joint cavity, causing joint swelling, joint swelling, and natural movement restriction. There are many sensory nerves in the joint cavity, and pain can also occur when stimulated by pressure. The continuous increase in joint pressure itself will also bring a lot of adverse effects on the environment in the joint cavity, leading to local metabolism of the joint, which leads to a series of chain reaction. 3. What is the cause of knee effusion? Knee effusion is not a specific disease, but a clinical manifestation. In addition to rheumatoid arthritis, many knee injuries, such as meniscus injury, knee cruciate ligament or collateral ligament injury, free body in the joint, knee bone strain, knee osteoarthritis, etc., may cause knee effusion. But it is certain that fluid accumulation in the knee generally indicates more or less synovitis of the knee joint. Because the synovial membrane is stimulated, it is the direct cause of joint synovial fluid secretion and knee effusion. In other words, it is precisely because a variety of knee injuries irritate the synovium of the joints, leading to knee synovitis and causing knee effusion. 4. Symptoms of knee effusion In addition to pain, the symptoms of knee effusion may not be so typical. For mild knee effusion, patients with rheumatoid often cannot detect it. For more serious knee effusion, the appearance of the knee is obvious swelling, the contour of the knee joint is not clear, and sometimes the knee joint is red and warm, and it is manifested as a very obvious inflammatory reaction. Put your hand on the knee joint and even feel it To the sound of creaking liquid flowing. 5. How to deal with joint effusion There are many incentives for knee effusion, but the direct cause is knee synovitis. Since it is inflammation, it means that the first thing to do is to clear the inflammation. If rheumatoid patients have knee effusion, it is recommended that rheumatoid patients can be treated with “Minimally Invasive Visual Needle-knife Endoscopic Synovial Resection of Traditional Chinese Medicine” to remove the hyperplastic synovium of the rheumatoid focus joint and loosen contracture adhesion tissue. Lavage the joint cavity, clean up inflammatory mediators, inflammatory immune compliance and other pathogenic factors, and solve the problem of “synovial inflammation and hyperplasia” in basic rheumatoid pathology. Repair the synovial membrane to solve the problem of knee effusion, the next thing is to solve the fundamental problem. Immunoadsorption technology removes immune complexes, autoantibodies and other pathogenic and inflammatory mediators in the plasma of rheumatoid patients, or uses adsorption materials to remove immune-related pathogenic factors in the plasma, restores the function of cellular immunity, and cooperates with Chinese medicine to regulate immunity. Specialized Chinese patent medicine has anti-allergic effect, inhibits the formation of immune complexes, and combines Chinese and Western two-way regulation and repair of immune function, achieving the anti-relapse effect of “immunity regulation”. Secondly, rest is also a relief method. When resting in bed, the affected leg can be raised higher than the heart, and the swelling can be temporarily reduced by posture. But the most important thing is to see a doctor in time. In addition, some rheumatoid patients want to know: Can knee effusion be used for rehabilitation training? Correct and reasonable rehabilitation training can enhance the stability of the knee joint, inhibit pain, reduce joint pressure, and reduce the excessive stimulation of the synovium caused by abnormal patella motion trajectory and joint instability. The synovial membrane is less stimulated and the inflammatory response is reduced. , Naturally control the secretion of synovial fluid, so that the joints are not so swollen. However, it should be noted that when there is joint effusion, rehabilitation training must be cautious, because wrong or excessive exercise will increase the stimulation of the synovial membrane, resulting in more obvious joint effusion, but the gain is not worth the loss.
The disability rate of rheumatoid arthritis is relatively high. Early diagnosis and early start of reasonable treatment are the fundamentals to avoid joint damage. Only by popularizing general knowledge of rheumatoid arthritis and maintaining sufficient vigilance can early diagnosis and treatment be achieved. So what should be done to prevent rheumatoid arthritis? How to overcome the mental stress and depression caused by joint pain, deformity, dysfunction, decline in living ability, changes in family and social relationships, rationally face the disease, improve patient compliance with treatment, and actively participate in treatment, which is effective in controlling the condition , It is of great significance to improve joint function. Rheumatoid arthritis is the joint effect of repeated infections and other environmental factors in susceptible people, which induces autoimmune reactions, leading to the occurrence of diseases. Therefore, strengthening exercise, enhancing physical fitness, and enhancing disease resistance can reduce the occurrence of rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases, especially for women with a family history of rheumatoid arthritis. For patients who have already suffered from the disease, it is also important to avoid disease activities induced by infection. In life, you should pay attention to weather changes, add or remove clothes in time to avoid colds; female patients should pay attention to personal hygiene, avoid holding urine, and reduce urinary tract infections. In terms of diet, pay attention to dietary hygiene, avoid cold and irritating diet; in diet structure, reduce fat intake, appropriate high-quality, high-protein and rich in vitamins (such as vitamin B) and trace elements (selenium, zinc) diet; for overweight Or obese people should pay attention to weight control and protect weight-bearing joints. In addition, some people believe that the intake of fish oil can relieve joint symptoms. Daily life should pay attention to joint protection, this disease mainly small joints, especially hands. You can pay attention to the following points: ①Use large joints for activities, such as changing a bag to a shoulder bag; when holding things, use both hands as much as possible, such as holding a pan; ②The handle is enlarged, such as wrapping gauze around the toothbrush handle , To facilitate the grip; ③Avoid the movement of the metacarpophalangeal joints to bend and straighten the knuckles, such as propping up with the palms when waking up, avoid only fingers; ④Can push without lifting, such as shopping carts; ⑤Try to sit with a backrest when working Avoid standing for a long time in a chair that is suitable for you; ⑥After sitting for a long time or lying down, move the joints first and then get up. The ideal treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is a systematic project that requires the joint efforts of doctors, patients, families, and society. The above is all the introduction about rheumatoid arthritis prevention and health care. Thank you for reading.