In life, pediatric cerebral palsy is already affecting the normal lives of many patients. Everyone needs to know more about children with cerebral palsy. Next, let us introduce to you, can chronic hypoxia cause cerebral palsy in children? Hope to help you understand more about children with cerebral palsy. 1. The pathological phenomenon caused by chronic hypoxia in the fetus is intrauterine distress. Fetal distress can occur during pregnancy or during labor and delivery. Fetal distress during labor and delivery can be a continuation and aggravation during pregnancy. 2. The blood flow of the placenta or umbilical cord is blocked, the uterine contraction is abnormal, the contraction is too strong, too frequent, or even spastic uterine contraction, the blood flow of the placenta is blocked. Umbilical cord entanglement, knotting, prolapse or too short can also cause the circulation between mother and child to be blocked. 3. In terms of fetus, too long postpartum labor, too long and heavy fetal compression time, fetal aspiration or forceps and improper breech midwifery can cause chronic hypoxia in the fetus. Fetal malformations can also present symptoms of intrauterine distress during the second trimester of pregnancy. The above is whether the chronic hypoxia introduced by the experts will cause cerebral palsy in children, everyone should pay attention to it, I hope the above content can help you,
There are many types of contraception. Among them, placing an IUD, which is what we call “the upper ring”, is a long-term, safe, and effective method of contraception. There are many types of IUDs, and their years of use are also different. Some menopausal women have placed IUDs for a long time and think that they have no effect on health. On the other hand, they are also afraid that it is difficult to remove the IUD or cause pain Therefore, I did not take out the IUD after menopause, which caused the IUD to “overdue service.” In fact, if the IUD is placed for too long and exceeds its age, it will be prone to incarceration of the IUD and even pierce the uterus into the abdominal cavity, causing serious consequences. Especially during menopause, women’s ovarian function declines, hormones secreted by the ovaries gradually decrease, and the uterus loses the support of estrogen, it will gradually shrink, and the volume of the uterine cavity will also shrink, but the size of the intrauterine device is unchanged. At this time, it is easy for the IUD to embed or even pierce. What should I remove or replace after IUD is placed? 1. Symptoms of side effects: some women will have symptoms such as backache and lower abdominal distension after placing the IUD, most of them will gradually relieve after rest, and some women will have menstrual dripping after placing the IUD If there are serious complications such as infection, ectopic birth control, contraceptive implantation, and uterine perforation, if there is no improvement after treatment, the intrauterine birth control ring should be removed. 2. Pregnancy with ring: In the rare cases of contraception, contraceptive failure may occur. In general, women with ring pregnancy should terminate pregnancy, and remove the IUD at the same time as termination of pregnancy. 3. Treatment: When female cervical lesions require laser, freezing, microwave and other treatments, if an IUD is placed, the IUD should be removed in advance for local treatment. 4. Menopausal women: Menopausal women should remove the IUD after half a year of menopause, and it should not be delayed for too long. 5. The contraceptive device exceeds the service life: the contraceptive device has its service life, the “O” ring can generally be used for 10-15 years, the “T” ring can generally be used for 8-10 years, and the “Mother Music” ring can generally be used. 5 years and so on. The IUD exceeds its service life and should be removed. What should I do if an abnormal situation occurs? 1. Bleeding: After placing the IUD, some women will experience increased menstrual flow, prolonged menstrual periods, and menstrual dripping. If the symptoms are mild, you can observe them for a period of time. If the symptoms are obvious, you should go to the hospital in time. Or after the treatment, the symptoms are still obviously not improved, you should consider replacing the IUD or removing the IUD to use other contraceptive methods. 2. Lower abdominal pain: Some women will experience discomfort such as lower abdominal distension or backache after placing the IUD. Generally speaking, physiological pain will gradually relieve within 10 days, but if the pain lasts more than 1 Month, we must consider whether it is caused by pathological factors. At this time, we should see a doctor in time to find the cause. When necessary, we may need to take out the IUD. 3. Increased secretions: IUDs with tail wires may cause increased secretions in the cervical canal. Infection after placement of the IUD will also cause increased secretions. Generally, the former’s secretion traits are not abnormal and no treatment is required. After a few months, the secretions will decrease after the tissue adapts, and the secretions of the latter are usually abnormal and have a bad smell, and need to be treated in a timely manner. 4. Intrauterine device ectopic: the intrauterine device can move downwards, which may lead to ring pregnancy, and the insertion and insertion of the intrauterine device may cause more serious consequences, and all need to be removed in time. .
Endometritis is actually inflammation of the endometrium. According to the length of the disease, it can be divided into acute endometritis and chronic endometritis. Today I will focus on chronic endometritis. Patients usually have no obvious clinical symptoms or only mild leucorrhea and increased menstrual flow, pelvic discomfort, hidden pain or dysmenorrhea. The pathological feature is the presence of plasma cells in the endometrial stroma infiltration. Endometritis, the causative agent of endometritis, does n’t feel that much when it occurs, so many people do n’t know the reason even if it is pitted many times, so they sort out the following reasons for female friends: 1. Chronic Bacteria, viruses and parasites invade the uterine cavity and infect the functional layer of the endometrium. Due to the periodic shedding of the functional layer, the infection is cleared. However, the basal layer of the endometrium in the immediate vicinity is exfoliated non-cyclically. Once it has chronic inflammation, it can continue to infect the endometrium of the functional layer, resulting in chronic endometritis. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. 2. Incomplete treatment of acute endometritis can lead to chronic endometritis. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp.3. Hydrosalpinx, inflammation, and frequent regurgitation to the uterine cavity can cause chronic endometritis. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp.4. Poor healing of the residual placenta or attachment surface after childbirth or abortion can lead to chronic endometritis; endometrial damage caused by contraceptive rings, uterine submucosal fibroids, and mucosal polyps is chronic intrauterine The cause of meningitis. How to treat chronic endometritis is mainly drug treatment. One is to use intrauterine medicine for married patients. Before the operation, double-diagnosis should be used to check the size and position of the uterus. After the vulva and vagina are disinfected and the depth of the uterine cavity is detected, the sterilized catheter is sent into the palace from the uterine mouth Cavity, with a depth less than 0.5 cm below the uterine cavity, slowly inject the selected drugs into the uterine cavity through the catheter, and after all the liquid enters the uterine cavity, pull out the catheter, lying on the ground or hip height l ~ 2 Hours, once a day, stop menstruation, this method of medication is more direct, so the effect is better. The other is antibiotic treatment and cleaning of the uterine cavity. For endometritis after childbirth or miscarriage, antibiotics should be used at the same time to determine whether there is residual placental tissue, if any, they should be removed immediately, and the curettage can be done when the antibiotic reaches a certain dose and the inflammation can be controlled Surgery to prevent the spread of inflammation. If there is active bleeding in the uterus, the uterine cavity can be cleared with a large amount of antibiotics. & nbsp. In addition to drug treatment, endometritis can also be treated from the details of daily life. Patients should take food that is easy to digest with liquid or semi-liquid and contains high-calorie, high-protein, multi-vitamin. If they can’t eat, they should supplement nutrition and water intravenously.
Infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy is a very serious matter. Acutely infected pregnant women who are not treated are likely to have vertical transmission from mother to baby, causing intrauterine infection in the fetus. Although the probability of intrauterine infection increases with gestational age, the probability of early pregnancy is only about 10-15%, but the infection of the first pregnancy has the most serious impact on the fetus. Effects of Toxoplasma gondii infection on the fetus If the fetus is infected with Toxoplasma gondii in the uterus, most of them have no toxoplasmosis after birth, and it is difficult to find abnormalities. However, as the child grows up, anemia, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, or diseases that cause the nervous system, such as hydrocephalus, may even develop into chorioretinitis and learning disabilities. Treatment of Toxoplasma gondii infection Once diagnosed with Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy, it should be treated in time, because if a fetal intrauterine infection occurs, treatment in the fetal period and the neonate within 1 year is most effective for improving future symptoms. As mentioned in the title, pregnant women with acute infections in the first trimester are given acetylspiramycin. Although this drug cannot treat the infection of the fetus through the placenta, it can reduce the probability of vertical transmission. For pregnant women who are infected after 18 weeks of pregnancy or who are suspected or diagnosed with intrauterine infection, combination therapy (acetylpyrimidine + sulfadiazine + formyltetrahydrofolate) is required. This combination of drugs not only prevents vertical transmission, but also It can kill Toxoplasma gondii in the fetus and improve the future symptoms of the fetus. The fetters of Toxoplasma gondii and cats Finally, when it comes to Toxoplasma gondii, many people will associate it with cats. Cats are the ultimate host of Toxoplasma gondii, and feces of cats infected with Toxoplasma gondii can be a source of infection. Many post-pregnancy friends have also consulted Miao brother about “can I still have a cat after pregnancy”. Although pregnant women with cats are more likely to be infected with Toxoplasma gondii than those without cats, if your cat has regular injections, discharges worms and only feeds cat food, it will be infected with toxoplasma The probability of insects is still relatively low. You can’t worry about bringing your cat to the pet hospital to check for infections, so you can continue to “suck cats” and “suck cats” during pregnancy. By the way, there is also an important point. After pregnancy, give your husband the responsibility of “shoveling shit”!
After pregnancy, we are divided into early pregnancy, middle pregnancy and late pregnancy according to pregnancy. The health care focus and inspection focus are different for each pregnancy. Here I specifically talk about B-ultrasound during early pregnancy. In the early pregnancy period, we take 13 weeks of pregnancy as a boundary. There are three main B-ultrasound examinations during early pregnancy. The first time during the 35th to 40th day of pregnancy, at this time the B-ultrasound can see the intrauterine gestational sac, and can generally rule out the situation of ectopic pregnancy. However, it cannot be ruled out that there are very few cases of simultaneous pregnancy inside and outside the palace. Conversely, if the menstruation is irregular, the ovulation period is inaccurate, and you can’t figure out how many days you are pregnant, you can see the gestational sac in the uterus, which is roughly estimated to be 35 to 40 days after pregnancy. So this time B-ultrasound can also be used to determine gestational age. The second examination is at 45-50 days of pregnancy. At this time, the examination should be able to see the fetal heart. The third examination should be at 11 to 13 + 6 weeks of pregnancy. B-ultrasound checks the thickness of the fetal neck transparent layer (NT) (“Early Tang”); after 12 weeks of pregnancy, the B-ultrasound is the first time at this time. Exclusion examination, the thickness of the zona pellucida is measured by B-ultrasound. Abnormalities in fetal chromosomes can be ruled out. Of course, throughout the early pregnancy process, if there are abnormal conditions, you can do a B-ultrasound examination at any time according to the doctor’s recommendation. You should avoid repeated B-ultrasound examination to judge the quality of the embryo. Behind the repeated examination is an anxious and restless mood, which is not good for the endocrine environment and the development of the embryo.
Feeling fetal movement is a very exciting thing for pregnant mothers, and it is a happy moment during pregnancy. For pregnant mothers who are pregnant for the first time, there must be many questions about fetal movement, such as: What kind of experience is fetal movement? What time will it appear? Today this article will talk to you about those things about fetal movement. How does fetal movement feel? Fetal activities in the uterus, such as stretching hands in the uterus, kicking legs, twisting the buttocks, and impacting the uterine wall, this is fetal movement. Pregnant women’s feelings of fetal movement will vary according to their individual sensitivity. At the same time, the form of fetal movement is varied, sometimes like a small animal in the belly, sometimes jumping, sometimes like a “bug”. Sometimes it’s a burst, sometimes it’s shaking, and sometimes there is a large fetal movement of the limbs, like a “big worm”; even some pregnant women can feel the baby in the belly Although there will be some pain in the punching and kicking inside, fetal movement shows the health and vitality of the fetus to a certain extent. At the same time, fetal movement is an important indicator to judge the fetus in the uterus, such as ischemia, hypoxia, etc., different people feel are different. & nbsp. When will fetal movement appear? Pregnant women who are more sensitive and sensitive can feel fetal movement as early as 16 weeks of pregnancy. Most pregnant women can feel fetal movement around 18 weeks. Only a few pregnant women can feel fetal movement at 20 weeks. Because the feeling is different from person to person, some pregnant women may feel that fetal movement comes early and some come late. This is a normal phenomenon. It is recommended that you do not worry, you can feel carefully in a quiet state, and fetal movement will also follow The gestational week gradually strengthens. The importance of counting fetal movements starts at 28 weeks of pregnancy. It is recommended that pregnant women self-test fetal movements in a quiet state every day. Because fetal movements are the movement of the fetus in the uterus, the movements are often more random, there are no fixed rules to follow, and sometimes continuous movement Several times, so the continuous movement of the fetus can only be counted as a fetal movement. Fetal movement is an important indicator of fetal survival and health. Counting fetal movement is an important method for monitoring fetal condition. Pregnant women can test their pregnancy three times a day for 1 hour each time, and multiply the total number by 4 as the total number of 12-hour fetal movements. Normal fetal movements should be no less than 3-5 times per hour, and 12 hours should be more than 30 times. When counting fetal movements, it is recommended that pregnant women calm down, adopt a left-side lying posture, and record daily fetal movements to facilitate future communication with doctors and monitor fetal health. If there are abnormal fetal movements, no matter how frequent or too few, especially if they are frequent and then reduced or weakened, it is likely that there is an intrauterine hypoxia problem. You must go to the hospital in time.
How much does menstruation count? More than 80ml is too much. In fact, when the amount of menstruation is large, the relationship between the amount of menstruation and organic lesions is much closer than the amount of menstruation, so it must be paid attention to. ● Cause of occurrence: 1. Uterine fibroids 2. Endometrial hyperplasia and polyps 3. Adenomyosis 4. Intrauterine device ● & nbsp. Inspection methods: gynecological examination, vaginal color Doppler ultrasound, blood routine, coagulation function test, Hormonal examination, ● clinical treatment: hysteroscopy (surgical), intrauterine device, medical treatment, surgical treatment. In summary, most of the menstrual flow is abnormal vaginal bleeding, often related to organic lesions, In particular, women with perimenopause appear to have a sudden increase in menstruation, so they must see a doctor in time. & nbsp. Mr. Chen of Sichuan Department of Gynecology invites you to “be a beautiful woman and enjoy a healthy life”.