How can the old man get a hernia? A patient with an old incarcerated hernia needs to be taken in the department. When the doctor and the patient’s children explain the condition, his children say: “Isn’t hernia a disease caused by a little boy, and Isn’t it necessary to have surgery?” The doctor explained to her family bit by bit, there are many types of hernias, and men and women can get the disease, but it is only seen by young boys. In fact, the elderly also have this disease. Quite a lot. The so-called hernia, medically called hernia, is a weak or cracked area of the human body, which causes fat tissue or intestine to pass through this location and form a prominent protrusion under the skin, accompanied by discomfort and pain. Symptoms are more pronounced when standing for a long time, defecating or lifting heavy objects. It often occurs in the groin area of infants, young children, and middle-aged and elderly patients. The general incidence of hernia is 1-4%, boys are 10 times that of girls, premature babies are higher, and may occur on both sides, multiple inguinal hernias. What are the types of hernia? According to the definition of hernia, as long as it conforms to the body tissue and/or organ to form a protrusion through a weak part, it is called a hernia. Medically, the hernia is divided into inguinal hernia, inguinal hernia, femoral hernia, umbilical hernia, incisional hernia, surgical recurrent hernia, white thread hernia, incarcerated hernia, strangulated hernia and so on. 1. Inguinal hernia: may occur at any age, but the peak occurs in early childhood, 80%-90% occurs in boys, followed by the elderly, so many people think that hernia is a disease caused by young boys. 2. Abdominal wall hernia: This type of hernia mainly occurs in the surrounding area of the navel, mainly caused by weak muscles in the abdominal wall, and women with hernia account for the majority. Most occur between the ages of 20-50. 3. Umbilical hernia: Occurs in the navel, and the inside of the navel is convex. 10%-20% of umbilical hernias occur in infants and children, followed by adult women. 4. Vaginal hernia (scrotum swelling): The man occurs in the scrotum, causing swelling of the scrotum, which is obviously swollen in severe cases, and it is extremely inconvenient to walk. The female occurs in the ovaries, causing the lower body to swell significantly, accompanied by a painful feeling of bulging. 5. Incisional hernia: This type of hernia occurs at the scar site of the incision wound of the previous original surgical operation. Incisional hernias can occur months or years after surgery. 6. Other hernias: femoral hernia, diaphragmatic hernia, cerebral hernia, etc. How is hernia caused? The formation of hernia has a great relationship with the patient’s physique. There are basically two conditions for the formation: one is that the relevant tissue is weak, and the other is that the internal pressure increases, causing the contents to protrude from the weak place. A part of the human tissue or organ has left the original part and enters another part through the gap, defect or weak part of the human body. Hernias are mostly caused by coughing, sneezing, excessive exertion, abdominal fatness, forced bowel movements, women’s pregnancy, excessive crying in children, and degenerative changes of abdominal wall strength in the elderly. 1. Congenital factors (1) The incidence of pediatric abdominal hernia in boys is much higher than that in girls, mainly because the testicles of boys are lowered to the scrotum through the inguinal canal before birth, and the peritoneum that moves down Formation of sheath-like processes. If the sheath-like process has not been locked after the baby is born, or if the lock is not complete, it will become a larger cavity, and the contents of the abdominal cavity will protrude from the body surface to form a hernia. (2) Pediatric hernias also occur due to congenital developmental deficiencies, which mainly refers to the imperfect development and thinness of the abdominal wall membranes of some children, causing the organs to easily break through the membrane and protrude outward to form a hernia. 2. Acquired factors due to coughing, constipation, crying and other excessive movements or excessive force caused by abdominal pressure increased abdominal wall membrane damage organ extrusion resulting in hernia. 3. Causes of hernias in the elderly The weak abdominal wall of the elderly is a common disease of the elderly, mainly because the abdominal muscles of the elderly are weak, and at the same time, it will be accompanied by some chronic diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, constipation, and prostate hyperplasia. As a result, chronic cough, difficulty urinating, and difficulty in defecation can be caused, which can easily increase the intra-abdominal pressure and push the abdominal viscera to the weak area of the abdominal wall. What are the symptoms of hernia? In children, hernia may occur a few days, months, or years after birth, and the elderly may have recurrent lumps repeatedly. 2. Usually when the child is crying, strenuous exercise, dry stool, there will be a protruding mass in the groin, sometimes extending to the scrotum or labia; it will disappear when lying down or pressed by hand. 3. Once incarceration occurs in the hernia (the hernia mass cannot be recovered), abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fever will occur
Hernia is a multiple disease, especially in children and middle-aged and elderly people. Inguinal hernia refers to a hernia formed by the internal organs of the abdominal cavity protruding to the surface of the body through a defect in the inguinal area, commonly known as “hernia”. The inguinal region is a triangular region located at the junction of the lower abdominal wall and the thigh. According to the relationship between the hernia ring and the inferior abdominal artery, the inguinal hernia is divided into inguinal hernia and direct inguinal hernia. & nbsp. What is an inguinal hernia? Indirect inguinal hernia is a common type of inguinal hernia in clinic. The biggest feature of indirect inguinal hernia is herniated from the anatomical inguinal canal. After the inguinal canal, most patients can hernia into the scrotum Inside, this is the biggest difference between it and a direct inguinal hernia. Indirect inguinal hernias are more prone to incarceration than straight hernias, which can easily lead to necrosis of incarcerated objects and even serious infections. & nbsp. What is a direct inguinal hernia? & nbsp. Direct inguinal hernia refers to an inguinal hernia that protrudes from the inside of the inferior abdominal artery through the inguinal triangle. Its incidence is lower than indirect hernia, accounting for about 5% of inguinal hernia, more common in elderly men. The majority of direct inguinal hernias are acquired. The main causes are poorly developed abdominal walls and weak triangular groin areas. The elderly have muscle atrophy and degeneration, which makes the gap between the inguinal canal widen. At the same time, the support and protection of the muscles in the abdomen are also weakened. When they encounter chronic cough, constipation, or difficulty in urinating, the intra-abdominal pressure is increased. The impact of pressure causes damage, thinning, and the abdominal internal organs are gradually pushed forward and protruded, forming a direct hernia. & nbsp. What are the symptoms of inguinal hernia? & nbsp. When a mass appears near the base of the thigh or the groin area, it may disappear when lying down. Occasionally, you may feel pain and discomfort. It may increase during exercise. At this time, you may have a hernia, and you should see a doctor as soon as possible. & nbsp. Within one year after the child’s birth, the parents can see or touch the scrotum of these little babies. The scrotum is obviously enlarged and there is a mass. Pressing the mass with a finger can make it fall into the abdominal cavity. This is a baby hernia. & nbsp. Mild inguinal hernias have local lumps and occasional bloating pain, and severe cases may be accompanied by abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and bloating. If not treated in time, part of the protruding small intestine will stop due to blood flow If it is bad, the more serious it will cause infection, causing sepsis and life-threatening. Therefore, except for a few special cases, hernia should be repaired as soon as possible.