Colonoscopy is very important in the diagnosis of intestinal diseases. See how much you know?

At present, with the improvement of people’s health awareness, colonoscopy has been paid more and more attention, and many people will choose colonoscopy as an important part of their health examination. The clinical examination results show that whether young or old, the detection rate of colon lesions is at a relatively high level through colonoscopy, especially for people with poor diet habits such as smoking and drinking. Of course, most of the intestinal diseases are still benign lesions, and better treatment effects can be achieved by giving timely and effective treatments and adjusting lifestyle habits. This issue of popular science introduces the contents of colonoscopy from the following four aspects. I hope it can be helpful to everyone. 1. What is colonoscopy? I believe many people have heard of colonoscopy, and it is a very important examination method for clinical examination of intestinal diseases. During the examination, after the doctor relaxes the patient with drugs, he pushes a thin tube with a camera and a light source at the end from the anus, passing through the rectum, sigmoid colon, descending colon, spleen area, transverse colon, liver area, and ascending colon. Colon, ileocecal area until the end of the ileum is seen, and the condition of the inner wall of the intestinal cavity is observed. In the process of colonoscopy, if lesions are found, such as colon polyps, inflammation, tumors, stenosis, etc., a biopsy can be used, that is, a small amount of colon lesion tissue is collected for biohistopathological and cytological examinations for further Clarify the nature and diagnosis of the lesion. 2.&nbsp. So, under what circumstances do you need a colonoscopy? When the following conditions are met, we recommend colonoscopy: over 40 years old. Having a family history of intestinal diseases or suffering from certain diseases (such as obvious pigmentation around the mouth, etc.) makes oneself more likely to suffer from intestinal diseases. Hematochezia, especially old bloody stool with dark red color. Mucus pus and blood in the stool. Changes in bowel habits: including changes in bowel traits (constipation or diarrhea); changes in bowel frequency. Unexplained anemia, fatigue and fatigue. Unexplained long-term abdominal pain or anal pain. Lumps or unexplained weight loss in the lower abdomen. Past history of colon tumors or colon polyps. Past inflammatory diseases of the colon require regular monitoring and review. Related indicators are abnormal, such as positive stool occult blood test, elevated serum carcinoembryonic antigen and other indicators of unknown cause. Related imaging examinations (such as CT, gastrointestinal radiography, magnetic resonance, B-ultrasound, etc.) show the results of intestinal abnormalities, and colonoscopy is needed to further confirm the diagnosis. 3.&nbsp. What are the precautions after colonoscopy? If a simple colonoscopy is performed, most patients can eat and drink normally, but if painless colonoscopy is performed from time to time, most doctors will advise patients to avoid driving and working on that day because of the effect of anesthetics. In addition, within a few days after the examination, it is necessary to observe for symptoms such as blood in the stool, severe abdominal pain, and elevated body temperature. 4.&nbsp. What symptoms should you contact your doctor after colonoscopy? Because gas needs to be injected into the colon during the colonoscopy, there may be mild abdominal pain and bloating within a short period of time after the examination. This is normal It is recommended that the patient go to the toilet and squat to discharge a row of gas in the intestines. The symptoms of abdominal pain and bloating can be gradually relieved. However, if the following conditions occur, you need to contact the medical staff in time to assess whether you need further treatment: severe abdominal pain, far more than flatulence or colic, obvious abdominal distension, hard vomiting, fever, heavy anal bleeding, etc. Concluding remarks Colonoscopy plays an important role in the early detection and treatment of intestinal diseases. It pays attention to physical examination and personal health. ——This issue of popular science and above is today’s popular science knowledge about colonoscopy. END

Shock! Where did all the held farts go? The truth turned out to be…

Farting is a particularly embarrassing thing. In the narrow and airtight elevator head, in the serious and quiet meeting room, beside the male god or goddess, farting brings you not only “pang smell”, but also the embarrassment of “not going for a long time”. &nbsp.In the Edo period of Japan, there was also a profession called “Fat Negative Bhikshuni”. The main job content was to stand up when the noble and celebrity could not help farting, admitting that the fart was theirs, so as to save The face of aristocratic ladies. (See you for a long time)&nbsp. As the saying goes: loud farts do not smell, bad farts do not sound. “Blockbuster” fart may not smell, but “soundless” fart must be very smelly? Why are they also farts, and some farts are so good? Do you know a lot about [Fart]? Do you know that-a person puts farts 14 times a day on average, the total volume is as high as 500ml, which is equivalent to a bottle of Coke; do you know that the instantaneous speed of farts out of the anus can reach 11 km/h, which is almost The speed of an ordinary bicycle; don’t you know that the fart has the same composition as the height of the biogas and can be ignited. &nbsp…….But Xiao Mi knows that what you care most about is still, where are the [farts] that are related to health and even life? Fart, also known as arrow qi, is the waste gas discharged from the anus by animals and humans. &nbsp. Because the fart’s composition is different from the normal air composition ratio, all animals and humans with olfactory perception can smell these abnormal gases. The composition of fart is very complex, mainly composed of odorless gases such as nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, oxygen, and trace gases such as ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, indole, skatole, volatile amines, and volatile fatty acids. The production of fart is the gas produced by mixing food and digestive juices such as saliva, gastric juice, pancreatic juice and bile, which is decomposed in the intestine by various gas-producing anaerobes and aerobic bacteria, and this gas is often healthy. The identity of the state. Does the fart smell? Odorless gas is only responsible for [more], while trace gas is responsible for [odor]. Most farts are by-products of the food digestion phase-that is to say, what you eat will be “enjoyed” by the intestinal flora in your body, and finally produce the above-mentioned gas. Stinky fart indicates that you have eaten too many protein-rich foods, such as meat, beans and their products, milk and their products, eggs, nuts, etc. &nbsp.The “pupupupu” sound is formed by people swallowing air into the body unconsciously. The taste may be a bit “fresh and charming”, but it is often easy to [shock the four]. [Sound fart] is generally related to diet, such as eating too fast, and eating foods rich in carbohydrates, such as rice, noodles, bread, cakes, biscuits, sweet potato (sweet potato), chestnut, fruit, etc. &nbsp.Where is the ass that is holding back? Actually, the fart you tried to hold back may be expelled with your breath…&nbsp.Fat holding is mainly divided into temporary holding fart and long-term holding fart. Temporary suffocation is basically the same way back, back to the large intestine, and after the next “release”, of course, it may also be discharged with the “satisfaction” (there is an internal smell); long-term suffocation will be caused by the body Absorbed, a large amount of gas accumulates in the large intestine. If you want to go down but get blocked, “it” will find another way, and some components will be absorbed by the blood through the intestinal mucosa. Will suffocation hurt the body? “People have three urgency,” urgency, defecation, and urgency. For most people, if you can hold it back, you can endure it. If you can’t bear it, you can find a secret environment and let it go. However, Xiao Mi is going to emphasize here, don’t take “suffocating farts” as a habit, it may endanger your health over time. Under normal circumstances, holding the fart will not bring serious consequences, but it can still cause abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and even heartburn and other gastrointestinal symptoms. In addition, in the process of holding back, they have to bear huge mental stress, causing blood pressure and heart rate to rise, and indirectly harming health. 1. If you hold your fart for a long time, harmful substances will be repeatedly absorbed by the intestinal mucosa, causing symptoms such as chest tightness and abdominal distension; 2. Odor accumulates in the body for a long time, causing abdominal pain, reduced digestion and absorption, and even affecting stool Excretion, constipation occurs. 3. If the exhaust gas in the body cannot be discharged for a long time, the organs in the body will be seriously affected, especially the detoxification organs such as the liver will increase the burden. If things go on like this, it will weaken

Why do patients with kidney disease get constipation?

Dialysis nephrologists often suffer from constipation, but many nephrologists think that this is a “small problem” and has not attracted enough attention. In fact, constipation will seriously affect the quality of life of nephrologists and hinder the absorption of various nutrients. Constipation is not a trivial matter! &nbsp.What is constipation? Patients with constipation often show reduced or lack of bowel volition, wanting to defecate but unable to discharge (empty discharge), time-consuming defecation (more than 10 minutes), and low daily defecation volume (&lt.35g). &nbsp. Why do some patients have constipation? 1. Kidney damage changes the intestinal flora. After kidney damage, the toxins in the body cannot be discharged in time, including some impurities such as creatinine and uric acid. These impurities are not only deposited in the kidneys, but also deposited in blood vessels and circulate in various organs, intestines. Dao system is also inevitable. Lead to changes in the intestinal flora, such as the reduction of bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, etc., resulting in slower intestinal peristalsis and constipation. 2. Kidney damage leads to an imbalance in water regulation. We all know that water is an indispensable substance to promote metabolism. The damage of the glomerulus leads to an imbalance of water and sodium metabolism in the body. Some patients have edema, which is caused by excessive water penetration. The surface layer of the skin does not exist in the blood, and it will also reduce the blood flow in the kidneys, which will affect the “water” supply to the whole body, and will also aggravate constipation. 3. Interactions of diet, drugs, etc. The diet of patients with kidney disease will be adjusted with changes in their condition, such as high-quality, low-protein, low-salt, and low-fat diets. Sudden changes in long-term dietary habits will also affect the gastrointestinal system. metabolism. In addition, the side effects of some patients taking medications may aggravate constipation. For example, calcium-containing phosphorus binders, iron agents, and diuretics may cause side effects such as constipation. In addition to developing the habit of regular bowel movements, appropriate exercise should be carried out when physical conditions permit, to promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, improve digestion, and avoid the abuse of laxative drugs. In addition, you can also take some probiotics to stimulate the nerves of the intestinal wall, correct the slow intestinal peristalsis, and promote the restoration of intestinal motility. Its function is not only to improve constipation. Researchers at the University of Colorado Denver in the United States have confirmed through analysis that high dietary fiber intake can reduce the level of inflammation in patients with chronic kidney disease, thereby significantly reducing the mortality of patients.

Which hospital is better for Changsha to see constipation? What are the hazards of constipation?

   Which hospital should I go to for constipation in Changsha? What are the hazards of constipation? Constipation has many harms to the human body:    First, constipation can induce anorectal diseases, such as anal fissure, causing pain and bleeding in the anus. Constipation can also cause hemorrhoids, enteritis, intestinal obstruction and other diseases.   2. Constipation can cause cancer of the large intestine. In patients with constipation, harmful substances in the intestine cannot be excreted. These harmful substances can stimulate the intestinal mucosa and cause canceration of the intestinal mucosa.  3. For women, constipation can cause women’s gynecological diseases, causing women to develop symptoms such as dysmenorrhea, urine retention, and urinary tract infection, and for men, it can cause male infertility and sexual disorders.   Fourth, constipation can lead to mental symptoms of the human body, such as emotional changes, anxiety and depression.   5. Constipation can cause environmental disorders in the human body, especially women with dull complexion, dry hair, and freckles on their faces. Reminder: Changsha Dongda Anorectal Hospital has launched special services such as “male and female triage” and “night outpatient service” according to the needs of patients. Citizens with diseases or inquiries in need can access the official website of Changsha Dongda 24 hours a day. http: // consultation and dial consultation telephone: 0731-82839120, or follow WeChat public account: guahao0731-82839120.

Are you depressed? It may be the intestinal flora at work!

Currently, there are endless researches on the gut-brain axis. You may ask, is there a relationship between the intestine and the brain? Yes, more and more studies have found that the intestinal flora is closely related to the central nervous system. For example, certain intestinal flora and their metabolites are associated with neurological symptoms. However, many relevant conclusions are based on animal experiments, while human experiments are relatively lacking. Recently, a study published in the journal Nature Microbiology found through a large population cohort that the presence of Clostridium tenuis and Faecococcus was associated with a higher quality of life. In addition, people with depression lack Microbacteria and Faecoccus. However, is the reduction of these flora a cause or effect of depression? It is currently unclear. The intestinal flora can produce or stimulate the production of neurotransmitters or neuroactive substances, such as serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid and dopamine, and these substances can regulate the growth of bacteria. So, can these substances produced by the flora affect the human central nervous system? How is it affected? Can they change the risk factors of disease and human behavior? These issues need to be further explored. Do you think your brain can control your body? Maybe the intestinal flora is controlling your brain. An agent at the front line of the brain I discovered: Plasma cells that can produce immunoglobulin A can run from the intestine to the brain to inhibit neuroinflammation. Previous studies have found plasma cells in the central nervous system of patients with multiple sclerosis, but where do these plasma cells come from? They come to the brain and spinal cord of patients with multiple sclerosis. Recently, a study published in the journal Cell found that in multiple sclerosis animal models (EAE models), some plasma cells in the brain and spinal cord come from the intestine, and these plasma cells can produce immunoglobulin A (IgA). The researchers found that in this animal model, plasma cells that can produce IgA in the intestine were significantly reduced. Removal of plasmablasts and plasma cells can aggravate the condition of EAE, and transplantation of plasma cells that can produce IgA can relieve the condition of EAE. In addition, at the mechanism level, they found that these IgA-producing plasmablasts and plasma cells inhibit neuroinflammation through interleukin-10. Therefore, the study showed that plasma cells that can produce IgA can run from the intestine to the brain to inhibit neuroinflammation. Is there a feeling that the intestines are strategizing, through the deployment of troops to fight the enemy in the brain? An agent at the front line of the brain I discovered: TauPET images can detect preclinical cognitive changes in AD. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can last a long time in the preclinical stage. During this period, although the patient has no obvious symptoms of cognitive impairment, the brain has quietly changed, including the accumulation of pathological proteins β amyloid and tau protein, and changes in the subtle structure and function of the brain. With the rapid development of imaging technology, it is now possible to detect β amyloid and tau protein through imaging. Recently, an article published in Neurology explored the relationship between tau protein, beta amyloid protein, cortical thickness and neuropsychiatric function in certain areas of the brain of AD patients at different stages through PET and MRI imaging technology. A total of 106 people were enrolled in the study, of which 33 were preclinical AD, 25 were prodromal AD, and 48 were probable AD dementia. The results found that in the detection of pre-clinical AD, tauPET can detect early cognitive changes more sensitively than β-amyloid PET and cortical thickness measurement. In addition, in the detection of clinical stage AD (including prodromal AD and most likely people with AD dementia), tauPET and cortical thickness detection have a strong correlation with cognitive changes. The performance is that the worse the cognition, the thinner the cortex, and the more tau many. Therefore, this cross-sectional study provides PET imaging markers related to cognitive changes in the preclinical and clinical stages of AD.

Every time you lose weight, you fail, half of the reason is that you have eaten the wrong meal!

Losing weight is actually very simple, develop a good life and eating habits, and it is not easy to get fat. Those who say that it is difficult to lose weight are usually people with poor living and eating habits. After sitting in the office for a day and eating too much at night, the stomach is stretched, so what do you mean if you don’t get fat! The stomach of a normal person is the size of a fist; while the stomach of a fat man is the size of 10-20 fists; the stomach is large-it is easy to take in excess, it is difficult to feel full, and it is hard to eat. When others eat one bowl of rice, they will be full. If you eat three bowls of rice and you feel like you haven’t eaten much, the result is extremely fat. If you eat a few pieces of roasted sweet potatoes or baked potatoes (not fried) before dinner, and add a few scoops of protein powder, you are guaranteed to make your hearty dinner impossible to eat. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. The study found that 100 grams of sweet potato has a sugar content of 27.7% and a calorie of 99-119 kcal, while 100 grams of rice and white noodles have a sugar content of 75% and a calorie. Is 350 kcal. In other words, the sugar content and calories of sweet potatoes are only equivalent to 1/3 of rice and white flour foods. Although the blood glucose index is not low, it belongs to resistant starch. Speaking of starch, I believe many people who are losing weight will regard it as the root of all evil. Indeed, excessive intake of refined starch (such as starch from refined rice and white bread) is one of the causes of obesity and should naturally be avoided. However, the resistant starch from sweet potatoes, taro, potatoes and other foods is very necessary for certain weight-loss people to insist on a certain amount of intake every day. “Resistant starch”-you must have never heard of it, right? In fact, resistant starch is a prebiotic. Prebiotics can be roughly divided into three categories: non-starch polysaccharides (such as fructooligosaccharides), soluble fiber, and resistant starch. They cannot be directly digested by the body itself, but they can be used by the beneficial bacteria in our large intestine. Different types of prebiotics can promote the growth of different types of probiotics. Resistant starch has unique selectivity and can promote the growth of many butyrate-producing bacteria. You must not underestimate this butyrate. It is a high-quality energy source for cells in the large intestine. It can not only reduce inflammation, but also improve and optimize our intestinal environment, lower the pH of the intestine, and produce short-chain fatty acids. . Reduce the apoptosis of intestinal cells and maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa, prevent external toxins from entering the blood circulation, and reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. In addition, butyrate not only stays in the intestines, it can also enter the blood circulation, and may also play a role in other parts of the body. In the immune cells of human blood, butyrate has a strong anti-inflammatory effect. Compared with other prebiotics, resistant starch can greatly increase the content of butyrate. In animal experiments, it was found that resistant starch can increase the absorption of calcium, iron and magnesium in the intestine. Now, the focus is on: In a study, when overweight and obese people consume 15-30 grams of resistant starch a day, their insulin sensitivity can be improved very well, and the effect is equivalent to theirs. The effect produced when the weight is reduced by 10%. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. What do you mean? We said before that all fat people have insulin resistance. In the case of insulin resistance, most of the food you eat every day cannot be used by the cells at all, but is synthesized as fat and stored, but the cells are still hungry, and the brain will order you to continue eating. Such a vicious circle, fat storage Just more. However, resistant starch can perfectly solve this problem: Resistant starch has the “meal delay effect”, which can increase people’s fullness, so that you will not quickly feel hungry, so the human intake will be reduced. It also reduces insulin resistance. Even if you eat foods rich in resistant starch at noon, your blood sugar after dinner can be lowered. In addition, resistant starch can also reduce the fat storage of fat storage cells, which is very helpful for weight loss. But where do you get resistant starch? There are four types of resistant starch: RS1: It cannot be digested by the human body because it is wrapped in tissues such as fiber, such as starch in seeds, beans and unprocessed whole grains (which cannot be reached by digestive juice). RS2: Natural starch with resistance to digestion. Mainly found in yams, sweet potatoes, potatoes

Acute abdominal pain and diarrhea, do not be lazy to do this

Boom boom boom, the knock on the door late at night is the most maddening. However, doctors have long been accustomed to this. This situation will not only be encountered when on duty, but also when sleeping at home. I opened the door sleepily, and the panicked neighbor Zhang Lin said embarrassedly: “I’m sorry, I’m sorry, Dr. Li, it’s an emergency!” Zhang Lin was sweating profusely, begging: “Help my wife, her belly It hurts terribly, 120 is still on the way, let her see!” I put on my slippers and followed him downstairs. At this moment, I can’t help but recall the situation in my hometown back then. When I was young, I used to live with my grandma’s house for a while. Grandma’s house is in a courtyard house, and the east room houses Doctor Xie from the village. At that time, people often rushed into grandma’s house to find Doctor Xie in a hurry. Years later, I played the role of Dr. Xie in my memory, which gave me a feeling of traveling through time. Before entering the door, we heard Zhang Lin’s wife crying. I quickly followed Zhang Lin into his house. Zhang Lin’s wife, Wang Jun, has severe stomach pains. She currently has no other symptoms. She has no fever, no diarrhea, and no menstruation. This situation is the most difficult for doctors to judge: is it the enteritis of the gastroenterology department, the appendicitis of the surgery, or the torsion of the ovarian pedicle in the gynecology department? Doing medical multiple-choice questions requires more disease information support. Wang Jun was lying on the bed at this time, so I asked her to lie as flat as possible and touch her abdomen. Her pain was intermittent. When her pain eased, I asked her: “Where does it hurt?” While she was in good spirits, I stretched out and pressed her abdomen: the abdomen was basically flat and soft. There is an induration, so this should not be a flat abdomen of acute abdomen, and there is no tenderness at Mc’s point, which can almost rule out the possibility of appendicitis. According to the performance, Wang Jun is not fixed full abdominal pain, which can rule out gynecological diseases. After several rounds of visual touch and percussion, I think she may have acute gastroenteritis. Enteritis is enteritis and colitis caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. The main clinical manifestations are abdominal pain, diarrhea, loose watery stools or mucus pus and bloody stools. Some patients have fever and a feeling of tenesmus, also known as infectious diarrhea. Enteritis can be divided into acute and chronic according to the length of the disease. The course of chronic enteritis is generally more than two months. The common clinical symptoms include chronic bacillary dysentery, chronic amoebic dysentery, schistosomiasis, non-specific ulcerative colitis and localized enteritis. Wang Jun does not have the typical symptoms of enteritis at the moment, so he still needs to observe. Before my words fell, Wang Jun hurriedly ran to the toilet again. It should be that pressing the abdomen just now stimulated the intestinal movement and produced a bowel movement. After defecation, Wang Jun’s symptoms improved. Wang Jun’s excrement contained feces at first, but later it was all watery, and there was a certain amount of mucus bleeding, and the whole toilet was filled with a sour smell. Judging from the appearance and smell of stool, Wang Jun’s digestion a few days ago was not good, food accumulation caused the intestinal bacteria to multiply, or the virus stagnated and multiplied. It is necessary to check blood and stool routines for further judgment. “Well, I felt that I ate too much the last two days. Tonight, I ate too much, and it happened all at once.” Wang Jun’s words confirmed my inference. This is the intestinal infection caused by food accumulation, leading to acute enteritis. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that food accumulation can cause intestinal dampness and heat, and the feces will be stinky and unpleasant. Defecation is a good thing. Both Chinese and Western medicine believe that defecation can take away a large number of bacteria and viruses, clear away heat and detoxify, and provide a way out for pathogens. Without these pathogens in the body, you will feel better. “Stop the diarrhea, is it all right?” Wang Jun was a little worried. “Probably not. According to my experience, you may have a fever for a while, defecation stimulates the body’s immune system, the body’s self-protection system is quickly activated, and the toxins in the intestine will stimulate the intestinal secretion, which causes high fever. The reason is, but as long as it is less than 39 degrees Celsius, you don’t need antipyretics.” Wang Jun’s diarrhea will not get better after a diarrhea. It is estimated that his stomach hurts again after a while, and he will go to the toilet. According to Wang Jun’s situation, the possibility of bacterial enteritis is very high. She needs to go to the hospital for blood and stool routine examinations to determine the cause of the disease. If the cause of stool bleeding is not hemorrhoids but acute inflammation of the intestines, Wang Jun’s condition may be aggravated. “Is there any medicine? I just take it? I don’t want to go to the hospital. Ah, oops—” Wang Jun clutched his stomach and went to the toilet.

The guy didn’t drink or smoke, died from colon cancer, the doctor tearfully persuaded: 1 habit can’t be had since childhood

Life and death are happening every day in the hospital. Yesterday, 23-year-old Xiao Chen passed away due to ineffective rescue of colon cancer! After listening to the doctor’s advice, his parents regretted it. Xiao Chen was diagnosed with colon cancer in our hospital last year. The doctors were also very surprised at that time, because such a young colon cancer patient is really rare. Xiao Chen underwent surgery in the hospital last year and underwent 4 courses of chemotherapy. His condition was finally brought under control. However, there was a recurrence in June this year. After being admitted to the hospital again, it was found that multiple metastases such as liver and lung had occurred. He died yesterday because of a critical illness. Why did Xiao Chen suffer from colon cancer at a young age? The doctor told the truth. The doctor persuaded that this kind of eating habits should be changed from a young age. Xiao Chen’s mother gave birth to him when he was nearly 40 years old, and he is the only child in the family, so at home can be described as the treasure of the parents. Since he was a child, his parents have loved him very much and are responsive to him. Moreover, his parents were always afraid that he could not keep up with his nutrition, and always let Xiao Chen eat meat, so Xiao Chen developed a habit of eating meat and eating less vegetarian food since he was a child. This situation was even worse when he was in elementary school. Xiao Chen also fell in love with eating fried chicken. In addition to the big fish and meat every day, he had to eat fried chicken or grilled wings at least once a week. This habit continued until He was diagnosed with colon cancer. In addition, the doctor found in the family history of Xiao Chen that Xiao Chen’s grandfather also died of colon cancer, so Xiao Chen has a genetic gene for colon cancer. The combination of two factors prompted Xiao Chen to develop a colon at a young age. cancer. In addition to Xiao Chen’s family history, the doctor also warned Xiao Chen that this meat-based eating habit is not good. 1) Red meat increases the risk of colon cancer. I believe that many people have a meat-free diet, but many studies have confirmed that meat intake is positively related to the risk of colon cancer. Foreign studies have found that red meat is rich in heme, which is one of the known promoters of nitroso compounds, which can stimulate the human intestine to produce endogenous nitrite compounds, and the high iron environment in the colon also causes Abrupt free radical formation. In addition, meat produces carcinogenic compounds such as heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during the cooking process, especially in fried, grilled, and cured meats. This carcinogenic compound can change bile acids and intestinal microbiota. A microenvironment that is conducive to tumor formation is created in the intestine, which leads to the occurrence of colon cancer. 2) Dietary fiber can prevent and treat colon cancer. Dietary fiber is called the seventh nutrient of humans in nutrition and is very important to human health. Due to the strong water absorption of dietary fiber, after absorbing a large amount of water in the intestine, it will increase the volume and weight of feces accordingly, thereby diluting the concentration of carcinogens produced by meat and reducing the toxicity of carcinogens to the intestine. In addition, dietary fiber can promote timely excretion of feces and reduce the residence time of toxins in the intestinal cavity. The most important thing is that dietary fiber can promote the metabolism of bile acids. Bile acids are considered to be the most likely pathogen of colon cancer. Therefore, more dietary fiber can prevent and treat colon cancer. Foreign studies have also shown that adequate intake The dietary fiber can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 40%. In daily life, a large amount of dietary fiber exists in fruits, vegetables, grains, beans and other plants. Therefore, a healthy diet should be based on these foods and meat as a supplement. Finally, why the incidence of colon cancer continues to rise today is closely related to the changes in the diet of many people. Due to the improvement of living standards, many people have started to eat big fish, which has promoted the occurrence of colon cancer. Therefore, doctors warn everyone that even if the family is rich, they must maintain healthy eating habits. References: [1] Wu Wen, Qin Huanlong. Research progress on the relationship between changes in dietary structure and the risk of colon cancer[J]. Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 2014, 21(1): 55-59[2] Yang Yang, Tao Tao, Ji Nuo, et al. The role of dietary fiber in the prevention and treatment of colon[J]. Medical Review, 2010, 16(10):1494-1496 (Part of the pictures in the article are sourced from the network, the copyright belongs to the original author, here is the right The author of the picture is grateful, if you find any infringement of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

I suffered from bowel cancer at an early age. Parents complained about the unfair fate. They asked the medical history in detail, and the cause was in the diet.

Two years ago, a child of a distant relative suffered from bowel cancer and was treated with surgery at Jiangsu Cancer Hospital. But unfortunately, liver metastasis occurred more than a year later. This year, the 25-year-old child passed away with regret and sadness. . Parents who can’t accept the reality are like Xianglin’s wife and they ask, “Why is my child so unfortunate?” Intestinal cancer at a young age, genetic genes may have played a big role, but as far as I know, this child has been spoiled since he was a child. He only eats meat without vegetables, has no meat, and eats less rice. Parents treat him This bad eating habit blindly indulged, and did not intend to correct it. The high-fat, high-protein, and low-dietary fiber eating habits played a role in the development of his bowel cancer. Dietary fiber is the seventh category of nutrients. Dietary fiber can neither be digested and absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, nor can it produce energy. It was once considered a “non-nutrient substance”. However, with the development of science and in-depth research, scientists have gradually discovered that dietary fiber has a very important physiological role. It is the seventh nutrient side by side after the traditional six types of nutrients-protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. Dietary fiber exists in plant foods and is divided into two categories: water-soluble and non-water-soluble. Plant skins, root vegetables, and whole grains contain a lot of cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose. These three are common insoluble dietary fibers. Pectin, gum, konjac, etc. belong to water-soluble dietary fiber. The dietary fiber in the daily diet mainly comes from cereals, beans, vegetables, fruits, dried fruits and so on. Dietary fiber plays a significant role in the prevention and treatment of bowel cancer. Dietary fiber protects the intestines through four major functions. 1. Improve the intestinal flora. Dietary fiber can be fermented in the large intestine, promote the increase of a large number of beneficial bacteria, inhibit the growth of saprophytes, to improve the intestinal flora, and is beneficial to the synthesis and absorption of certain nutrients. 2. Adsorbing water, dietary fiber is easy to absorb water and swell, which is beneficial to increase the volume of chyme, stimulate the peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, promote defecation and increase the number of bowel movements, prevent constipation, reduce the stagnation time of stool in the intestine, and reduce the harmful substances in the stool and the intestine Road contact. After absorbing water, dietary fiber can swell 10 to 15 times, which can increase a person’s fullness, reduce food intake, and reduce the absorption of fat in food, which has a weight loss effect. 3. Adsorption of harmful substances. There are many carcinogens in the intestines, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heterocyclic amines, phytic acid, aflatoxin, N-glycolylneuraminic acid, N-nitroso compounds, etc. Dietary fiber can adsorb viscous Retain these toxic and harmful substances and excrete them from the body to reduce the stimulation of these carcinogens and reduce the incidence of bowel cancer. In addition, dietary fiber also has the ability to remove calcium, mercury, lead, high concentrations of copper, zinc, especially organic cations. 4. Combined with cholate, cholic acid and chenodecholic acid in the intestine will be metabolized by bacteria into carcinogens and mutagenic agents, especially gallic acid, which can inhibit the body’s own anti-cancer function of p53, leading to frequent colon and rectal cancers. Dietary fiber can combine with these bile acid salt metabolites, slow down digestion, inhibit its absorption and quickly excrete it from the body. With the improvement of living standards, eating Hesai has become the normal diet of many people. The average daily dietary fiber intake of Chinese adults is only about 11g, which is far from the standard of “normal Chinese adults should eat 25g~35g daily” . Insufficient dietary fiber intake will not only cause obesity and three highs, but also increase the incidence of bowel cancer. Many people have realized this now. Eat less red meat, eat more whole grains, and eat more fruits and vegetables. This is a healthy diet.

Which hospital in Changsha has good expertise in enteric diseases? 6 major manifestations of unhealthy intestines, you account for

     “2012 National Intestinal Health White Paper” shows that nearly 95% of Chinese people have intestinal problems, but a quarter of people usually don’t care about intestinal health at all. Even if there is a problem, only 15% will go to the doctor. In the daily diet, some bad habits are the most harmful to the stomach.  There are six main manifestations of unhealthy stomach:   1. Constipation. The defecation is black, hard, granular, difficult to defecate, and bleeding from the anus during defecation.   2. Diarrhea, irritable bowel. It is manifested as acute and chronic diarrhea, continuous defecation with a sense of urgency, anal discomfort, irregular stool, increased water content, and a significant increase in the frequency of defecation.   3. Smelly defecation. Normal stool should have a sour odor, not a pungent stench.   4. Farting is smelly. The harmful bacteria in the intestines produce a large amount of sulfide gas, causing frequent fart.   5. Bad breath. The breath exhaled from the mouth gives off an unpleasant smell.   6. The skin is rough and dull. Toxins in the body cannot be discharged in time, and after being absorbed by the body, it will cause rough skin, dullness, and acne.   Warm reminder: In order to facilitate patients to see a doctor, Changsha Dongda Anorectal Hospital has specially opened online appointment activities to skip the waiting time. If you have any questions or needs, you can also call the consultation hotline: (0731-82839120) to answer you in detail!

What should I do if I have blood in my stool? The cause of blood in the stool!

   What should I do if I have blood in my stool? The cause of blood in the stool! Stool bleeding is very common in people’s daily life. Many patients feel flustered when they see blood in the stool. Some patients feel that the bowel movement is mostly hemorrhoids, which is not important. First of all, the stool is bloody, usually it is necessary to distinguish the color of the bleeding, if the color is dark or tarry, under the influence of some drugs that are not taken (such as iron, bismuth, etc.), consider upper gastrointestinal bleeding, such as gastric ulcer , Duodenal ulcer, and more often with stomach pain, acid reflux, bloating, heartburn and other symptoms of stomach discomfort. You should go to the gastroenterology department of the hospital before. If the stool is bleeding and bright red, consider the lower gastrointestinal bleeding. A small number of upper gastrointestinal bleeding may also appear blood in the stool. The causes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding are as follows:    1. Anal diseases: such as anal fissures, combined with recurrent rhythmic anal pain, mostly due to dry stools or too many stools; mixed hemorrhoids, often accompanied by anal masses Prolapse, bleeding after the stool is dripping or spraying, bleeding can be stopped by standing after the stool, the stool does not mix with the blood, and more attached to the surface. If you have the above symptoms of blood in the stool, you can go to the hospital’s anorectal department or gastrointestinal surgery.  2. Intestinal polyps: They are more common in children under 40 years of age. The blood is mostly attached to the surface of the stool, and a few have more bleeding.  3. Intestinal inflammation: There is a history of diarrhea, mucous bloody stool or purulent stool before bleeding. It usually occurs between 20 and 50 years old, and it usually has the characteristics of relief of abdominal pain after defecation. Acute necrotizing enteritis has four main symptoms: abdominal pain, diarrhea, blood in the stool and toxemia. The blood in the stool is dark red or bright red paste, and sometimes the bleeding is quite serious. Patients with ulcerative Crohn’s disease may have blood in the stool, and often have low-grade fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain and tenderness before bleeding. 4. Intestinal tumors: including colorectal malignant transformation, intestinal lymphoma, and small intestinal leiomyoma. Malignant transformation of the rectum is more common. Usually these diseases can be accompanied by changes in bowel habits, increased or decreased stool frequency, changes in stool characteristics and shapes , Occasionally abdominal pain, weight loss and so on.  5. Colonic ischemic disease: It is often accompanied by fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea and small to large amount of colorectal bleeding. It is more common in the elderly to cause myocardial insufficiency due to systemic arteriosclerosis or coronary ischemia.  6. ​​Intestinal vascular malformations: mostly occur in the esophagus, rectum and the middle of the small intestine. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, manifested as dilation of the capillaries of the skin, mucous membranes and internal organs, causing repeated bleeding. The initial bleeding symptoms are epistaxis, and about 15% of patients have intestinal bleeding symptoms between 30 and 40 years old.  7. Varicose veins in rare parts of portal hypertension: It can occasionally occur in rare parts from the jejunum to the rectum, and there are manifestations of portal hypertension such as hepatosplenomegaly.   8. Colonic vascular dysplasia: seen in the elderly over 60 years old, mostly located in the cecum and ascending colon, bleeding is generally not much, but it is easy to recur.  9. Colonic diverticulum: Bleeding rarely occurs, unless it is accompanied by diverticulitis. One of the common causes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding in the elderly is mostly acute. The bleeding can stop spontaneously in 75% of cases, and the recurrence rate is very low.   In short, if you have blood in your stool, don’t panic and don’t let it go. It’s the best choice to come to the hospital in time. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Warm reminder: In order to meet the medical needs of the majority of patients, Changsha East Large Anorectal Hospital Tel: (0731-82839120) during holidays, all clinics, including auxiliary examination departments, all work normally, and specialist outpatient clinics are normal Open a consultation. Hospital official website:

Common causes of colon polyps

 So far, the cause of colon polyps is unclear. Some may be related to long-term inflammation or genetics. The occurrence of colon polyps is related to many factors:    1. Long-term diarrhea, many patients are prone to allergies to the intestinal mucosa, such as diarrhea after drinking alcohol, eating chili or greasy food or seafood, and some patients will have diarrhea for no reason. In this way, the intestinal mucosa Chronic inflammation will occur, which can easily lead to the growth of intestinal polyps.  2. Long-term constipation. Patients with constipation often have a bowel movement every few days. Long-term storage of feces in the intestine will produce various toxins, leading to chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and easy growth of polyps.  3. Inheritance, for example, familial polyposis is a genetic disease.   4. Inflammatory diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease and other diseases are prone to polyps. Five causes of colon polyps The occurrence of colon polyps may be related to the following factors. The specific introduction is as follows:    1. Infection: It is reported that the occurrence of adenomatous polyps is related to viral infection.    2. Age: The incidence of colon polyps varies with age Increase and increase.   3. Embryonic abnormality: Juvenile polyposis is mostly hamartoma, which may be related to abnormal embryonic development.   4. Living habits: The occurrence of polyps with more fiber in food is less, and vice versa. Adenomatous polyps are closely related. Small adenomas are more common in people with a history of smoking within 20 years, and large adenomas are more common in people with a history of smoking more than 20 years.    5. Inheritance: The occurrence of certain polyps is related to Genetically related, the patient inherits the defective tumor suppressor gene APC allele from his parents’ germ cells, while another APC allele in the colonic epithelium is normal at birth, and later when this allele is mutated , An adenoma occurs at the mutation site, this mutation is called somatic mutation (somatic mutation). Causes of delayed bleeding of colon polyps 1. Insufficient electrocoagulation;    2. Colon polyps and polypoid lesions with pedicle diameter> 2cm, incomplete cutting, and residual pedicles are too long;    3. The coagulation surface is located at the larger blood vessel, because Secondary infection on the electrocoagulation surface;   four, poor blood vessel elasticity;   5, poor diet and activity control after the resection, etc.

Don’t ignore the elderly with constipation

As the elderly grow older, the function of the intestinal tract will become worse and worse, and the incidence of constipation will become higher and higher. Many elderly people feel that constipation is not a big deal, and they do not receive active and standardized treatment if they have constipation. As everyone knows, although constipation is a benign disease, the danger caused by constipation is very serious. So what should the elderly with constipation pay attention to? Avoid the abuse of stimulant laxatives: Most elderly people have constipation and rely on various laxatives such as rhubarb and Guodao for a long time to cause drug-induced constipation. Long-term use will cause colonic ganglion cells to decrease, colonic mucosal secretory function and sensitivity, intestinal microecological disorders, and decreased intestinal motility. Elderly constipation is best improved from diet: 1. Eat more whole grains, oatmeal, corn, sweet potatoes, etc. 2. Eat more fiber-rich foods. Such as fruits with skins, vegetables with large leaves. Some foods, such as radishes, raw onions, garlic, sweet potatoes, etc., can increase intestinal peristalsis and play a laxative effect. 3. When cooking, add more fat or vegetable oil appropriately. After fat is decomposed, fatty acids can be produced, and it can also stimulate intestinal peristalsis. You can put more sesame oil in cold dishes. 4. Eat foods that moisturize the intestines every day, such as honey, sesame, and walnuts. 5. Drink some warm water, light salt water, and fruit juice every morning to keep the moisture in the stool, make the stool soft and moisturize, and promote colon peristalsis. 6. Elderly people with severe constipation should maintain a certain amount of exercise every day. It is advisable to take a walk or dance square dancing. If the activities are not convenient, you can do exercises such as rubbing the belly button or levator anus. The hard work of the elderly with constipation and increasing abdominal pressure can rupture the originally fragile cerebrovascular, which can aggravate the coronary heart disease that was originally suffering from, and cause cardiovascular accidents, leading to death of the patient. Therefore, constipation in the elderly must be taken seriously to prevent accidents.

What kind of person is too dark-hearted?

I often hear people say that XX is too dark, can it really show up? I don’t know the heart, but the intestine is really there. Above: &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Normal intestinal mucosa&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&bb. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Intestinal mucosa after colonic melanopathy (picture taken from the network, contact author if necessary) Colonic melanosis (MC ) Is a non-inflammatory, benign and reversible pigmentation lesion of the large intestinal mucosa, which occurs in patients with long-term constipation and is associated with the massive abuse of laxatives such as anthraquinone laxatives, and the incidence of colon cancer also follows Increase. Now, pick up the medicine and check the instructions in your kit to see if you often take anthraquinone compounds. In fact, it is one of the main chemical ingredients of plant medicines such as rhubarb, aloe, senna, etc. The effect of diarrhea is used by some people to treat constipation and partly to lose weight. It has been reported that the shortest time for melatonin to occur in people taking laxatives is 4 months abroad, 1 month at home, and 23.0% for those less than 4 months. Another group of materials shows that patients who take intermittent medication for less than 1 year have colonic melanosis The incidence of morbidity is 9.52%. The rate of intermittent medication for more than 1 year is 11.25%, the continuous medication is less than 1 year, and the incidence of colon melanosis is 77.78%. The incidence of continuous medication for more than 1 year is as high as 81.06%. Well, since I have eaten for so long, let’s do a colonoscopy to find out if the intestine has turned black, and intervene in time to stay healthy. Eat more vegetables, fruits and fiber-rich diets, and drink more water and exercise more to reduce constipation or difficulty in bowel movements, and develop good bowel habits is the king. &nbsp. Communicate with specialists and wish you health and ease of intestinal tract.

Do rectal polyps need to be removed? Best resection

  All things in the world have rules to follow, from birth to death, and back and forth. The human body also inevitably undergoes a process of decline, from a healthy baby at birth to later changes over time, based on its own habits or the impact of the objective environment, the human body will slowly change, of course including the inevitable “disease” attack . Rectal polyps are mostly caused by bad habits, so how to deal with rectal polyps? Some people say that rectal polyps may become cancerous, so they must be surgically removed. Is this statement correct?  Rectal polyps are generally a benign lesion. Polyps are formed by the growth and aggregation of cells in the mucosa, which refers to abnormally growing tissues protruding from the surface of the intestinal mucosa. They are a type of intestinal mucosal lesions. Polyps, like a scattered individual, can appear alone, or can be gathered in hundreds or thousands. In general, intestinal polyps are a benign lesion, but neoplastic rectal polyps, ie intestinal adenomas, have a certain chance of canceration, and they have a larger number of patients, accounting for about 70%-80% of rectal polyps. Do rectal polyps need to be removed? Rectal polyps are divided into various types, such as the tumorous intestinal adenoma mentioned above. Data show that the probability of cancer of such intestinal polyps is about 5%. Therefore, this type of precancerous polyp is best to be surgically removed, otherwise it is equivalent to a dormant volcano that does not know when it will erupt. It is reported that the intestinal adenoma with a diameter greater than 2 cm has a 50% chance of becoming cancerous. , This shows that the danger is extremely high. For other relatively benign rectal polyps, such as inflammatory and proliferative intestinal polyps, generally it will not cause obvious damage to the body, but uncontrolled polyps may press the intestine as the body grows, triggering Symptoms such as blood in the stool, constipation or diarrhea can cause intestinal obstruction in severe cases. Therefore, in general, for intestinal polyps, it was found for the first time that it is best to perform surgical resection under suitable physical conditions. What are the dietary contraindications for rectal polyps? After surgery, the patient’s own immunity is relatively low, and the surgical wounds also need to be restored in time. Therefore, postoperative diet needs special attention. Clinically, most patients with rectal polyps should follow the doctor’s advice to fast for several days after surgery. The intestinal peristalsis returns to normal, and liquid feeding can be performed to avoid irritating intestinal wounds. In addition, when the intestine returns to a better state, it is necessary to eat low-fat, low-cholesterol foods such as fruits and vegetables once. Rectal polyps are mostly caused by bad habits. Therefore, in daily life, we should eat healthy and avoid irritating foods. Staying up late for a long time is also not conducive to normal intestinal peristalsis and increases the risk of rectal polyps. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent it first. If you suffer from rectal polyps, you need to go to the hospital for qualitative treatment as soon as possible, and then take corresponding treatment measures to effectively treat rectal polyps.

The principle of treatment of lung and respiratory diseases: smooth stool and no injury in the lungs.

The principle of treatment of lung and respiratory diseases: smooth stool and no injury in the lungs. The importance of smooth stool: Wang Chong of Han Dynasty pointed out in “Heng Heng”: “For longevity, the intestines are always clear, and for immortality, there is no decoction in the intestines.” Zhu Danxi in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties also said: “The entrance of the five flavors, that is, it enters the stomach, stays in the poison, and it will accumulate for a long time, causing harm and harm, and all diseases are ill.” That is to say, the residues and turbidity in the intestine must be cleaned up and discharged in time to ensure the physiological function of the body. If the stool is often not smooth, it can cause turbid gas upset, qi and blood disorder, and visceral dysfunction, which can cause or induce various diseases, such as headache, toothache, anal disease, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and cerebrovascular accidents. , Intestinal cancer, etc.

To prevent constipation, start with dietary fiber intake!

Dietary fiber is an “all-rounder” that maintains the health of the human stomach and intestines. It has a variety of physical and chemical properties and physiological functions, including: a certain water capacity, which can increase the volume and weight of feces; let the fermentation of bacteria increase the beneficial bacteria in the intestine; Has a certain viscosity, which can delay the absorption of sugar in the intestine and reduce the increase of postprandial blood sugar… Dietary fiber includes two types of soluble and insoluble. The former is more effective in regulating the gastrointestinal microenvironment and protecting the health of the gastrointestinal tract. Significantly. Maintaining intestinal structure and improving intestinal function Dietary fiber can maintain intestinal structure and improve intestinal function. After being digested by colonic bacteria, soluble dietary fiber will produce short-chain fatty acids, providing 70% of the energy required by the colonic mucosa. Dietary fiber can regulate the function of the gastrointestinal nervous system, balance hormone levels, and stimulate the secretion of digestive enzymes… In addition, it can directly dilate the colonic mucosa blood vessels and promote colonic blood vessel circulation. The result of these combined effects is to effectively maintain the normal structure and function of the gastrointestinal tract. If there is a lack of dietary fiber, it will cause gastrointestinal tract structural damage and dysfunction, increasing the risk of certain diseases, such as ulcerative colitis. Balance the flora and regulate the internal environment Dietary fiber can balance the flora and regulate the microenvironment in the gastrointestinal tract. Bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract are important factors that constitute the microenvironment in the gastrointestinal tract. There are many types of bacteria in the human intestine, and the ratio is relatively constant. In general, maintaining the number of these bacteria and the normal ratio between bacteria and bacteria is beneficial to the human body, can inhibit the growth of certain pathogenic bacteria, such as Salmonella, Vibrio cholerae, and can also synthesize B vitamins and vitamin K. It is an important source of human vitamins. The soluble water content of the dietary fiber is large, which can provide an ideal breeding place for the intestinal flora and increase the number of intestinal flora. Once the intestinal flora is excessively proliferated, dietary fiber can also promote intestinal peristalsis and accelerate its discharge, thereby maintaining the dynamic balance of intestinal flora. In addition, dietary fiber can maintain the integrity of the intestinal mucosa, prevent intestinal bacteria from moving outward through the intestinal wall and cause disease, thereby effectively protecting the human body. I visit the St. Mark’s Hospital every Friday. If you, family or friends encounter this kind of problem, you are welcome to talk to me. You can also call the 24-hour hotline 010-50967777 for consultation or appointment registration. The reasons for constipation caused by water absorption and volume increase and prevention and treatment of constipation are many and very complicated. The main reason is the poor eating habits. The lack of dietary fiber in the diet is one of the important reasons. The food is too fine and the residue is not enough to fill the intestinal cavity and stimulate the intestinal wall sufficiently, resulting in untimely defecation, and the water in the feces will be reabsorbed by the intestinal wall, and habitual constipation will form over time. Seriously, various toxins in feces are reabsorbed with water and enter the blood circulation, which not only increases the detoxification burden of liver and kidney, but also easily causes many diseases. The most direct disease is intestinal cancer. According to the survey, 20%-30% of the elderly over 65 years old have constipation, and the incidence of females is particularly high, which is 5 times that of males. Long-term constipation is very harmful to the human body and can cause complications such as rectal prolapse, sigmoid colon torsion, intestinal obstruction, and urinary disturbance. The dietary fiber in the food absorbs water in the intestine and swells sufficiently, and promotes the effective peristalsis of the intestinal wall, so that the intestinal substances are quickly discharged from the body through the intestine, which objectively plays a laxative role. Dietary fiber preparations have the function of volumetric laxatives and are mild in nature. They have a significant effect on those with insufficient dietary fiber intake. Long-term use will not produce drug resistance, and there are few side effects. The physiological functions of dietary fiber are introduced above. It is not difficult to see that dietary fiber plays a very good role in preventing constipation. Therefore, to prevent constipation, start with ingesting an appropriate amount of dietary fiber.

Cardio-cerebrovascular disease prevention and risk reduction, three-pronged diet allows you not to take medicine!

# 健康 科普 更新 赛 ## Prevention of cardio-cerebral vascular disease # Do nutrition consultation, solve problems for everyone only from a food perspective, have a balanced diet, and fortify several foods with high nutrients. Uncle Zhou, a retired cadre in Hutubi, I have given me a lot of help in studying and working in the first ten years of my arrival in Xinjiang. I should also give them more care and help in their old age. After I studied nutrition major 14 years ago, the elderly Already in his seventies, one day his lover Aunt Yang said that your uncle has a cerebral infarction and was hospitalized twice this year. I came to a serious study and found that the cerebral infarction is caused by a long-term lack of lecithin and vitamin B family. I recalled their lifestyle, especially the diet. They eat relatively simple, the cooking is poor, the variety is relatively simple, and various nutrients will There is no shortage, there is no doubt that there is a lot of people in the B group, and then I go to see them talk about diet with them for almost two hours each time, what do they eat? How much to eat? how to eat? Fortunately, the elderly can listen in and slowly start to improve. After not only doing health consultations and lectures, but also getting involved in the wheat germ which is the most recommended health food by nutrition experts, I gave the wheat germ to the elderly for the first time. Due to my busyness, I couldn’t get the information in time. When they visited them in the Spring Festival, they seriously asked about the current situation of Uncle Zhou’s cerebral infarction. Aunt Yang said, your uncle’s cerebral infarction is good. I remember that Master Yan Su died in the Spring Festival six years ago, and I always have a little pride whenever I think of it here. Compared with the current 290 million cardiovascular patients in my country, accounting for 20.7% of the total population, one out of every five adults in the country currently suffers from cardiovascular disease. Everyone must pay attention to this diet. People with a BMI index of more than about 27, that is, overweight, severe, high blood pressure, high blood sugar will hit, high blood fat, dizziness will occur from time to time, and a vicious circle will form; some people are particularly wondering, this old man is very thin, why What about cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases like hyperlipidemia and hypertension? Everyone pay attention to observe that they are underweight, their cortical index is high, they are thin from the appearance, the face is depressed, the sebum membrane is hardened (the thin one is also hard), and the blue tendons are bursting. This phenomenon is very illustrative. There is not much muscle, the oil is still over standard, and the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases is normal. Twelve years ago, a nutritionist in Urumqi called and told me that under your wheat germ diet recommendation, my dad’s long-term use of high blood pressure medicine stopped, my first reaction was not so mysterious, let me treat others Say it will be disdainful and despise, put down the phone and I dialectically think about the theory of nutrition, it is the number one, this is what I want to tell everyone today. 1. Promote intestinal peristalsis and expel intestinal fat from the body, then a sufficient amount of dietary fiber is needed to propagate probiotics in the intestine.A sufficient amount of vitamin B family, in addition to being a coenzyme to help protein conversion, can also be increased in the intestine. With the formation of probiotics, many people who are overweight will have an increase in the amount of bowel movements after the first meal, and those who are particularly thin will also appear. Most of us will talk to him and will gladly accept to continue to execute. Three or four people did not cooperate (12 years) and said no, did you give us laxatives? We politely improve the service process, and intestinal fat will drain the intestinal fat in a week or so. Second, cell metabolism, enough vitamins, minerals, and proteins enter the cell, allowing the fat in the cell to be metabolized. The diameter of the cell will be reduced from (assuming cell size) 0.15 nm to 0.08 nm, and countless cells become smaller. It seems to be thin (this is the principle that some people do not lose weight and appear thin). All blood vessels, neural tube epithelial tissues, and skin begin to increase elasticity. The so-called elasticity is thickening, and the chance of platelet adhesion decreases. 3. Emulsification, there are a lot of cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein in the blood. The medulla in the neural tube is not clear enough. A sufficient amount of lecithin enters the blood for emulsification. The platelets that gradually drop due to increased elasticity are emulsified every day. The blood flow rate When the blood flow begins to clear, the blood becomes clear, the blood pressure drops, and the blood lipids drop is just a natural phenomenon. The blood in the capillaries is clear. The absence of myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction is also an inevitable result. Atherosclerosis has more metabolism The cycle will also become clearer overall. This is our recipe, you can change all kinds of ingredients, the total category is unchanged, the wheat germ in the recipe is different due to different regions, the purity is different,

Postpartum pregnancy is a high incidence of constipation! The truth is here

Pregnancy and childbirth are the only way for every woman to grow from a girl to a woman. This is the process of achieving happiness and requires a lot of effort to overcome many problems, such as constipation and hemorrhoids. A large number of data show that these two are high perinatal symptoms, and more than 85% of women have to face them. After years of research, the medical community has discovered the reasons why women have high constipation and hemorrhoids during this special period. Knowing the reason, you can find the corresponding solution. In the first trimester, the hormone changes in the body cause constipation. The hormone levels of the expectant mother will change greatly in the first three months of pregnancy, and the endocrine system will undergo a change. One of the main changes is that the body secretes a lot of progesterone to relax smooth muscles. This is to allow the growing fetus to have enough room for growth. And the side effect it brings is-as a type of smooth muscle, the smooth muscle of the intestine also relaxes, and the intestinal peristalsis slows down accordingly, and problems with bowel movements inevitably occur. Experts give you a suggestion to use traditional Chinese medicine recipes for dietary conditioning, eat more moisturized, laxative, and nourishing yin food to reduce intestinal burden. The first choice is fungus, white fungus, banana, pear and honey water. If it can’t be relieved, you can also try to solve it with medication under the guidance of a doctor. For example, “European Psyllium Hydrophilic Powder”, this is the only laxative drug in the world that has passed the clinical trials of pregnant women. Note that drug allergies should not be taken. During the second trimester, the fetus oppresses the abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity causing defecation disorders. At this stage, the fetus grows the fastest. The growing fetus oppresses the mother’s abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity. Hormones, so constipation. Experts give you a trick to do more exercise, to help the feces in the intestines to walk down, such as walking is a good way. With the aforementioned food and drug conditioning, the effect is better. Some articles and health programs often mention that rubbing the belly helps increase bowel movements and promote bowel movements. For ordinary people, this is a solution, but it is not suitable for this special group of pregnant women. Especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, the fetus is not yet stable in the mother’s body. Too much rubbing of the belly and too many times may cause adverse effects. In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, the weight of the fetus causes changes in the structure of the pelvic floor. Our internal organs rely on the support of the pelvic floor. During pregnancy, the body weight will increase by about 15 kg, which means that the pelvic floor must withstand these pressures. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the pressure is getting larger and larger, and the anatomical position and structure of the pelvic floor will relax, sag and change as the pressure increases, and the organs such as perineum will decline. This can also cause defecation, urination disorders, and even incontinence. Experts give you a trick to walk and stay in bed properly, which is still a good way for expectant mothers at this stage. In addition, the doctor will teach “chest and knee lying exercise method” during pregnancy test. This method was originally suitable for expectant mothers with improper fetal position after 30 weeks of pregnancy, the purpose is to correct the fetal position through exercise. Clinical experiments have found that this method is also helpful for promoting bowel movements and improving bowel movements. Please note that you should consult your obstetrician for confirmation before practicing. I visit the St. Mark’s Hospital every day of Friday every day. If you have an anorectal problem, you are welcome to talk to me. Childbirth, birth canal injury and lateral excision make bowel movements also hurt. Here mainly refers to natural childbirth. During the natural delivery, the birth canal muscles and ligaments will be damaged. Although some methods will gradually recover after delivery, if the recovery is not good, it will indeed affect the organ function. Don’t worry, this type of damage is small and only occurs in special circumstances. Experts can give you a stroke of birth canal injury during childbirth, which is the mother’s greatness. In view of the injury situation, after birth, the medical staff will teach a lot of methods for exercise recovery, and must insist on practicing to help the function recover as soon as possible and fully. The wound heals and no longer hurts, and the problem of bowel movements will naturally be solved. In addition, the abdominal belt is a useful auxiliary tool, which can help restore the pressure in the abdominal cavity and allow easy bowel movements. Lateral cuts are also required during natural delivery, and the wounds will be painful for a period of time after delivery. Some new mothers have a bowel movement, and the side incision will also hurt, so they would rather bear it than dare to bowel easily. After a long time, it will gradually decrease or even disappear due to psychological factors. Experts give you a trick to care for the wound carefully after delivery, regular cleaning, dressing change, and let the wound heal as soon as possible. If it is too painful, it can be solved by medication. There are already clinically available drugs that can be used during breastfeeding and will not affect breastfeeding. In this regard, you can always consult the attending doctor. Produce

Classical Moment-Doctor Haishu’s Rereading the Internal Classic-Master Biography 0514

[Original] Emperor Huang said: What about the sick? Qi Bo said: Fuzhong heat dissipation will be cold, the cold will be hot, the stomach will be hot, the valley will be disturbing, hungry, umbilical epithelium heat, intestinal heat will be yellow as Mi, the navel Pi Han, abdominal cold, abdominal distension, intestinal cold, bowel sounds, sputum discharge, stomach cold, intestinal fever, bloating and stomach heat, hungry stomach, abdominal pain. [Translation] Huang Di asked: how can we treat patients with appropriate methods? Qi Bo said: People with gastrointestinal fever who suffer from fever are suitable for cold therapy, while patients with internal cold are suitable for heat therapy. The stomach is hot, the food digests quickly, makes people’s hearts hung, often has a hunger sensation, and the skin above the navel gets warm. When the intestine is hot, the excrement is like eroded porridge, and the skin below the navel is chilled. Stomach cold will cause abdominal distension; intestinal cold will cause bowel sounds, stools are thin and there are food residues that are not digested. When the stomach is cold and the intestine is hot, the belly is bloated and diarrhea; when the stomach is hot and the intestine is cold, you will always feel hungry and have pain in the lower abdomen. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Haishu Press: No matter the stomach and intestines, there are cold and heat, there are external changes, mainly abdominal pain and changes in stool characteristics. Therefore, the clinical diagnosis must be inquired but urination. [rose]