Fatty liver can’t eat eggs? Rumor: one a day is good for the condition

Many people suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver fatty liver to varying degrees due to the way people eat in modern times. Non-alcoholic fatty liver is mainly a metabolic disease caused by the accumulation of lipids such as triglycerides and cholesterol in liver cells, and it has become one of the most common chronic liver diseases in the world today. Although the exact pathogenesis of fatty liver is not yet fully understood, many studies have shown that dietary factors occupy a very important position. Eggs are a very popular daily food for many people. It contains essential proteins, fats, trace elements, vitamins, etc., and these nutrients are easily digested and absorbed by the human body, with a biological potency of up to 94%. It is a food with extremely high nutritional value. . The misunderstanding of eggs has always been that the cholesterol in the yolk of eggs will aggravate fatty liver, and even induce chronic heart disease and hypercholesterolemia. Therefore, it is said by word of mouth that people with fatty liver cannot eat eggs. First of all, we must realize that cholesterol is an important component of our cell membranes, which can affect the structure, permeability and fluidity of the body’s biological membranes, and play an important role in maintaining the body’s normal cell functions. In addition, although eggs contain cholesterol, there are also a lot of high-quality protein and unsaturated fatty acids, and the content of these nutrients is higher than cholesterol. A study in the United States showed that eating 1-2 eggs a day does not increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, but on the contrary helps to lower blood pressure. In addition, a study in Turkey showed that unsaturated fatty acids in eggs can lower cholesterol, so even patients with fatty liver do not have to stay away from eggs. People with fatty liver should not eat too many eggs. People with fatty liver can eat eggs, but this question requires dialectical analysis. “Eat more” depends on how to eat and how much you eat. A recent study published in my country shows that not eating eggs is a risk factor for fatty liver, while eating eggs every day is a protective factor for fatty liver. The dietary guidelines of the Chinese Nutrition Society recommend that adults should consume 40-50g of eggs (about 0.8-1) per day, which is also consistent with the research results. In addition, because the liver has a certain ability to metabolize lipids, as long as the cholesterol in the eggs does not exceed the metabolic limit of the liver, it will not have much impact on the fatty liver itself. Therefore, it is recommended that people with fatty liver can eat one egg a day. It is best to avoid eating more, such as ten to eight, which may increase fatty liver. Finally, give the subject a kind reminder that the diet structure of the subject is actually unbalanced. Although you can eat eggs, it can’t completely replace meat. Therefore, you should properly consume some meat in your daily life to meet your body needs. . References: [1] Xu Guiyun. New understanding of egg quality and nutritional value[J]. China National Poultry, 2012, 34(3): 36-38 [2] Chen Bingbing, Li Huiquan, Pan Xinting, etc. Egg intake and non-alcoholic A case-control study on the risk of fatty liver disease[J]. Chinese Journal of Disease Control, 2020, 24(7):767-772 (Part of the pictures in the article are sourced from the network, and the copyright belongs to the original author. I would like to thank the author of the picture. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

What food is better for high creatinine? Do you really know? Doctor: These types of food can

For more patient communication and help, please follow the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] People often say that “food is the day for the people”, and the nutrients needed by the human body are ingested from food. There are many for people with high renal creatinine. The “nutrients” in food will accelerate the rise of creatinine and increase the burden on the kidneys, so we must pay attention to learning and reading in terms of diet. The following is a detailed introduction for everyone. Often eat low-potassium foods when the kidneys are not good, the excess potassium and protein in the body may be retained at a greater risk, leading to increased inventory. If you do not pay attention to your diet, it may lead to critical situations such as hyperkalemia (in severe cases, it can lead to cardiac arrest)! Fruits and vegetables with low potassium content include: apples, pineapples, sugar cane, pears, pineapples and other fruits; Chinese cabbage, cabbage, mung bean sprouts, kidney beans, zucchini, loofah, eggplant, wax gourd, cucumber and other light-colored melon vegetables. Potassium-rich foods include bananas, oranges, oranges, kiwis, persimmons and other fruits and dried fruits; candied fruits and nuts snacks; mushrooms, some legumes such as soybeans and other vegetables; dairy products, kelp, and some fish. Restrict protein diet First of all, protein diet should be restricted. If you have diabetes, you need a low-protein diet. At the same time, more than 50% should be high-quality protein such as milk and beef. Secondly, while limiting protein intake, it is necessary to ensure adequate energy intake. Using wheat starch as a staple food can greatly reduce the intake of non-essential amino acids, help protect kidney function, and provide space for high-quality protein intake. You can also use pea starch and corn starch in your daily diet, or use low-protein potatoes, yams, lotus roots, sweet potatoes, etc. to replace some staple foods. Finally, you also need to add some trace elements, such as calcium ions, etc. You can choose high-calcium foods such as milk, kelp, and shrimp skin. At the same time, it is necessary to control the intake of phosphorus, and limit the intake of nuts, mushrooms, tea and other foods. Finally, I would like to remind everyone that we must pay attention to control the “intake”, not because this food is “low potassium” or “low protein” to eat more, the more you eat, the corresponding intake of these elements It will also increase, and in the end it will burden the kidneys.

Why do I catch colds repeatedly?

Dr. Haishu’s press: Live a breath of life. Where does this tone come from? In addition to the natural oxygen, it is the valley that we eat. The water enters the stomach and turns into nutrition. The soldiers are divided into three ways. One is to nourish the spleen and stomach itself, the triple energizer, and the various viscera systems. The second is the body’s defense system, called Yingqi and Weiqi. The third is to transform into Zong Qi, which is the basis for the body to exchange gas with the outside world. We often say that the qi of Yingwei resists the invasion of external evil, and the two are not in harmony. People are very easy to get sick, not just colds. If there is a problem with the intake of water and valley, it will not only affect Yingwei, but also directly affect the lungs. If the lung qi is congenital insufficient, it is very easy to develop colds, rhinitis and other diseases. Ingestion of water and grains, problems in digestion and absorption, and insufficient congenital endowment are all causes of repeated colds and rhinitis. Don’t take meals seriously. [Original] Huangdi said: What is the journey of Yingwei? Bo Gao said: The valley begins to enter the stomach, and the subtle ones first come from the two energies of the stomach, to irrigate the five internal organs, do not go out of the two lines, the way of battling and defending; Accumulated in the chest, life is called the sea of ​​qi, which comes from the lungs and flows through the throat, so you breathe out, and breathe in. The essence of heaven and earth often goes out of three and enters one. Therefore, if the valley does not enter, the qi will decline in half a day, and the qi will be less in one day. [Translation] Huangdi asked: How do Yingqi and Weiqi work? Bogao replied: The grains first enter the stomach, and the subtle changes are first exported from the stomach to the upper and middle Jiao to infuse and nourish the five internal organs. In addition, they travel in two ways, one of which is the energy of Ying and Wei. The other way is combined with the inhaled clear air to form a sea of ​​qi, which is called the sea of ​​qi. The qi flows out of the lungs and along the throat. When you breathe out, you breathe out of your body, and when you breathe in, you breathe into your body. After the body’s clean energy absorbed from the heavens and the essence absorbed by the waters and valleys of the earth are combined, they are divided into three ways (the energy of the five internal organs, the energy of camp and health, and the energy of the family) to nourish the whole body, and its intake mainly depends on On the way of the water valley, if people don’t enter the water valley for half a day, they will feel qi failure, and if they don’t enter the water valley for a day, they will feel short of breath.

For patients with hypertension, which dietary habits help blood pressure control? This article tells the truth

Many patients with high blood pressure hope to lower their blood pressure through diet therapy, but in fact, a healthy diet does help in the auxiliary control of high blood pressure, but if they want to eat more certain foods or certain ingredients, they can stabilize high blood pressure. Although the idea of ​​controlling is very good, it is also difficult to fully realize. Therefore, for patients with high blood pressure, instead of talking about certain foods that help lower blood pressure, it is better to explore how to use a healthy diet to help strengthen Blood pressure control, protect cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health. About those pits of diet therapy for hypertension Before talking about the healthy dietary conditioning of high blood pressure, let me first sort out many popular pits about diet therapy for lowering blood pressure. 1. Eat more celery to lower blood pressure. On this point, some people say that there is an apigenin in celery, which can lower blood pressure. I calculated it with reference to relevant literature. If you want to have the so-called lowering blood pressure, you may have to eat it every day It takes dozens of kilograms of celery. Therefore, celery is a good ingredient for patients with high blood pressure. However, if you expect to eat more celery to lower blood pressure, you should not be naive. 2. The idea that soaking onions in red wine can lower blood pressure doesn’t know where it came from, but it is also widely spread. It is generally believed that onions contain prostaglandin A, which has the effect of dilating blood vessels and lowering blood pressure. There is no scientific basis for the relevant dosage of this statement, and the effects of different types of prostaglandins on blood vessels are not the same. Therefore, this statement is actually It is not so reliable. As for red wine, some friends think that red wine contains antioxidants that can soften blood vessels, but red wine also contains alcohol, which will have a clear harmful effect on blood vessels. I believe that the benefits and harms are greater. It is not easy to evaluate. Therefore, soaking onions in red wine cannot soften blood vessels and lower blood pressure. 3. Garlic lowers blood pressure. Garlic seems to be a panacea. Some people say that eating more garlic can cure a cold, some people say that eating more garlic can kill Helicobacter pylori, but some people say that eating more garlic can lower blood pressure, but the actual situation Yes, garlic has a pungent taste and does have a certain sterilization and disinfection effect. However, there is no clear effect on the killing of Helicobacter pylori and the lowering of blood pressure. Please do not believe it. There are many rumors about this kind of diet therapy. It seems that many ingredients can lower blood pressure when eaten, but the actual situation is that so far, there is no clear evidence that a certain ingredient can have a clear blood pressure lowering effect. , Why bother to recommend everyone to take antihypertensive drugs and control blood pressure through diet, which is safe and convenient. Why are there no such recommendations in all international and domestic expert guides? Of course, it is still impossible to control high blood pressure by eating more certain foods. Four suggestions for dietary conditioning for hypertension Although no food can be particularly effective in lowering blood pressure, dietary conditioning for hypertensive patients is still an aspect that deserves attention. Regarding the dietary conditioning of hypertensive patients, I will give you the following 5 suggestions. First of all, we must emphasize a low-salt diet. my country is a big country with high blood pressure, and in our country’s hypertensive population, a large proportion of people’s hypertension is closely related to long-term high salt intake, which is more common in the hypertensive population in northern my country . If you want to control your blood pressure, you must first emphasize salt control in your diet. Excessive intake of salt will cause water and sodium retention in the cells, leading to a further increase in blood pressure, and at the same time affecting the function and health of the kidneys. Therefore, limiting salt intake is the key to assisting in the control of high blood pressure. one. Many friends know the concept of 6g salt. In addition to the salt used in cooking in our daily life, the “invisible salt” in other diets such as condiments, processed foods, snacks, and drinks is even more noteworthy. In addition to salt control, it is recommended that patients with hypertension eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, and eat more grains. Abundant dietary fiber intake, reasonable vitamin supplementation, and the intake of potassium in these ingredients are all important aspects that help strengthen blood pressure regulation. Regarding the intake of high-potassium foods, it is generally safe to take potassium through diet therapy, but if you have renal impairment due to high blood pressure or other reasons, especially those who are still taking sartans and pristine For those of you with antihypertensive drugs, don’t deliberately increase your potassium intake, just add it in moderation. Limiting alcohol consumption is an important aspect for hypertensive patients. Long-term heavy drinking will cause the body’s blood vessel health to suffer

How to eat high urine protein? Remember a secret, easy to reduce protein and protect the kidney

To delay the progression of renal function in nephropathy, urine protein must be lowered and maintained at a low level. But sometimes the urine protein is more “naughty” and prone to repetition, which makes people very headache. So, what factors affect urine protein? The root cause is, of course, the stability of kidney function, and there are other common influencing factors, including whether related indicators such as drugs, diet, infection, and infection are getting better. Among them, drugs, infections, blood pressure and other factors determine whether urine protein can be lowered, and whether diet management is good or bad will not only affect the decline of urine protein, but also further affect whether urine protein can be maintained at a low level for a long time. Good diet management can reduce protein without much effort! As we all know, after a large amount of proteinuria occurs in kidney disease, it is necessary to follow the principle of a high-quality low-protein diet, appropriately reduce the daily protein intake, and select animal protein to maintain the balance of protein in the body. In fact, in addition to a low-protein diet, there is also a dietary detail that should be noted, which is more beneficial to control the stability of urine protein and reduce the risk of renal failure. This is-limit salt! The role of salt restriction and protein reduction has been ignored by many people! Perhaps the first reaction of many people is that high blood pressure does not require salt restriction? Is a low-salt diet necessary for high urine protein? Need, very much needed! First of all, pay attention to a low-salt diet and limit sodium intake every day, which can effectively improve high blood pressure. Needless to say. Elevated blood pressure will affect the stability of the glomerulus, leading to intra-glomerular arterial hypertension and accelerating the process of renal fibrosis, such as affecting the level of urine protein. If the blood pressure can be stabilized, it will not only help delay renal failure, but also stabilize proteinuria, which will kill two birds with one stone. Secondly, some antihypertensive drugs will be used for lowering protein, mainly RAS blockers (including sartan and pristine) drugs. These drugs are “afraid” of salt. Too much sodium ions will affect the effectiveness of these drugs. The effect of lowering protein and blood pressure will be compromised. It may not be obvious in a short time, but it will reflect the problem after a long time. The urine protein decreases slowly, and it is difficult to decrease. Then, patients with a large amount of proteinuria are often accompanied by edema, mainly due to the loss of hemoglobin, which leads to an imbalance of water and sodium in the body. Diuretic treatment is needed to help regulate water balance and relieve edema. Too much salt intake will increase edema and cause excessive burden on kidney metabolism. For those with edema and hypertension, the daily intake of salt should not exceed 3g. For nephrologists without special circumstances, the maximum daily intake of salt should not exceed 5g. Can I skip a low-salt diet at all? Do I need to eat special table salt? These diets are two issues that everyone is more concerned about. Although speaking of a low-salt diet, the lower the intake of sodium ions, the lighter the burden of the disease, but it is not recommended to avoid salt at all. Salt will also provide the body with some irreplaceable substances. If you don’t eat it at all, it will be bad for your health. Kidney friends don’t need to eat special salt, including low-sodium salt, just ordinary iodized salt. The key is small amount. For kidney friends with high urine protein, how to evaluate whether they are eating properly or not? Regularly measure the urine sodium level for 24 hours, and the normal urine sodium should be kept at 80-100mmol. If you exceed this standard, you have to reflect on your daily diet.

The Relationship Between Salt and Kidney in Traditional Chinese Medicine

In daily life, people often think that if you have kidney disease, you cannot eat salt. Is this statement correct? What is the relationship between salt and kidney disease? How should patients with kidney disease eat salt? As early as 2,600 years ago, the “Huang Di Nei Jing” had “salt into the kidney” and “salty, the pulse is also” The conclusion shows that our ancestors have long realized that improper intake of salt will affect the kidneys and cardiovascular system. Sun Simiao of the Tang Dynasty also said that edema disease should be “cut off salt” and “limited salt”. Through a large number of clinical observations, animal experiments, and epidemiological investigations, modern medicine has proved the relationship between salt and kidney disease. Sodium plays a major role in salt. Salt intake is related to the progression of chronic kidney disease. High salt can cause increased urinary protein excretion and promote kidney damage. Low salt can reduce urinary protein excretion. Salt intake can also affect the urinary protein-lowering effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors such as captopril and lotensin. A recent systematic review study confirmed that as long as reducing the intake of salt in the diet can economically and effectively reduce high blood pressure in patients with chronic kidney disease, reduce proteinuria by 20%-50%. From 2003 to 2011 in the UK, sodium intake decreased by 15%, blood pressure dropped, and the incidence of ischemic heart disease and stroke dropped by nearly 40%. In patients with chronic kidney disease, with the decline of renal function, the excretion of sodium through the kidneys decreases. In addition, the sensitivity of oral salty taste decreases and the sensory demand for sodium intake increases. The combined effect of the two causes sodium in the body of patients with chronic kidney disease. Salt overload directly leads to endothelial cell dysfunction, increased body oxidative stress and inflammation. At the same time, the body’s extracellular fluid volume overload leads to increased blood pressure and clinical proteinuria or aggravation. The combined effect of multiple factors will greatly Increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease. Therefore, high salt intake can lead to increased blood volume and blood pressure in dialysis patients. Controlling salt intake can play a role in preventing and treating chronic kidney disease. Some patients and even healthy people have a misunderstanding, thinking that the less salt the better, and that patients with kidney disease should not eat salt. In fact, long-term excessive salt restriction will result in low serum sodium levels, causing loss of appetite, weakness of the limbs, accelerated heart rhythm, dizziness and other phenomena. People with kidney disease do not need to eat a little salt. For those with mild hypertension and poor renal function, the daily salt intake can be controlled at 4 grams. When patients with uremia have obvious edema or increased blood pressure, the salt restriction should be stricter. When the patient has hypotension, Salt intake should be appropriately increased. Reasonable control of salt intake is best for patients under the guidance of a doctor, and don’t make decisions without authorization. How do patients with kidney disease control salt? People often add excessive amounts of salt because of the taste. The daily salt intake can be controlled by the total amount, using measuring tools, and adding to the dishes according to the amount of each meal. In addition, you can put a little vinegar when cooking the dishes, which not only improves the fresh flavor of the dishes, but also helps to adapt to the low-salt food. The main effect of salt on the kidneys and cardiovascular system is sodium. Patients with normal renal function can consume low-sodium salt to reduce sodium intake. Compared with ordinary sodium salt, low sodium salt has low sodium content (about 70% sodium chloride) and rich in potassium (about 30% potassium chloride), which helps the body to balance sodium and potassium and reduce the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, in patients with renal failure, potassium excretion is impaired, and the use of low sodium salt is likely to cause hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia can cause arrhythmia and even death from cardiac arrest. At present, there are many cases of hyperkalemia caused by consumption of low sodium salt in clinical practice, especially in patients with uremic hemodialysis. Hemodialysis patients should pay special attention to avoiding low-sodium salt. In daily life, in addition to controlling the visible salt, we must also pay attention to the “hidden salt” and sodium content in food. Table salt contains sodium, and preparations also contain sodium. Soy sauce and pickled foods contain salt. For example, 20 ml of soy sauce contains 3 grams of salt, and 10 grams of yellow sauce contains 1.5 grams of salt. There are also many foods that do not feel salty, but they actually contain a lot of sodium. Potato chips, melon seeds, sausages, luncheon meat, roast chicken and other cooked food, frozen food, canned food and instant noodles. In addition, monosodium glutamate, ketchup, sweet noodle sauce, etc. are also “big sodium”. Therefore, patients with kidney disease should pay attention to the sodium content on the label, and should try to eat such foods as little as possible. If they eat, they must pay attention to reducing the salt intake in the meals. Controlling the intake of salt has obvious effects on the protection of kidneys, blood pressure, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection, but it is not so easy to do well in actual life. Warm reminder of our country

Kidney failure, these four dietary principles should be paid attention to, many people still don’t know

For more patient communication and help, please pay attention to the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] Diet is very important for patients with renal failure, because food must be excreted through a series of digestion and absorption after entering the human body, and the kidneys are in the human body. It is a “filtering responsibility”. If the diet is not correct, it will increase the burden on the kidneys and cause kidney failure to worsen. Today, I will explain to you the dietary principles of kidney failure. 1. Appropriate amount of protein In order to reduce the kidney load of patients with renal insufficiency, protein intake must be strictly controlled, and usually the intake equivalent to the excretion capacity of the kidneys shall prevail. 2. High phosphorus content For example, animal organs, bone marrow, egg yolk, meat floss, dairy products and other high phosphorus foods are prohibited for those with renal insufficiency. Because the storage of phosphorus in the body will further worsen kidney disease, it is better to eat meat instead of soup after cooking fish, potatoes, and meat. 3. Increase energy for those with renal insufficiency, because of the control of protein intake, it is necessary to increase calories to compensate. You can eat honey, chocolate, fruits, etc. in moderation. 4. Control salt intake. If people with renal insufficiency develop high blood pressure, edema, etc., it is recommended to have a low-salt diet with a daily consumption of less than 2 grams. People with renal insufficiency are not unable to eat salt, but make judgments based on the condition of the kidney disease. The kidney is an important human organ. Kidney failure is bound to have a great impact on the human body. Therefore, you must actively receive treatment in your daily life, develop a good living habit, and pay attention to avoiding kidney failure. factor.

[Disease Science] Intermittent catheterization in patients with neurogenic bladder

   The frequency of intermittent catheterization is very important to the patient’s therapeutic effect. Too few catheterizations may cause bacteriuria to stay in the bladder for a long time, and also make the bladder often in a state of high pressure, which increases the burden on the bladder. In severe cases, it may affect the upper urinary tract. Frequent catheterization, although the pressure on the bladder is reduced, it may increase the chance of urethral injury and increase the inconvenience of children and parents.   The risk of urinary tract infections caused by catheterization 3 times a day is 5 times that of 6 catheterizations. The frequency of catheterization plays an important role in preventing urinary tract infections. Therefore, appropriate catheterization frequency plays an important role in the successful implementation of intermittent catheterization. Ask patients to record a catheterization diary and instruct them how to accurately record various data, such as the amount of water consumed (including intake of various fluids) and the number of intakes, the time and interval of each catheterization, the amount of urine exported each time and whether urine leaks Wait. Children should drink more water evenly to maintain a certain amount of urine to prevent urinary tract infections; the amount of drinking water can be adjusted reasonably according to the amount of urine to avoid ingesting a large amount of liquid in a short time; try not to ingest liquid after dinner to prevent a large amount of urine at night.   Associate Professor Li Xudong introduced: Intermittent catheterization is generally believed to be once every 4-6 hours at the beginning, no more than 6 times a day, and then adjust the number of catheterizations according to the amount of residual urine in the bladder. When the residual urine volume is less than 100ml or the bladder volume is only 10% to 20%, the bladder function is considered to be balanced and the catheterization can be stopped.  Complications and precautions  In order to prevent urinary tract injury, urinary tract infection, high intravesical pressure and retrograde infection during intermittent urinary catheterization, which may affect kidney function. During the implementation of intermittent catheterization, attention should be paid:    (1) Strictly implement the principle of aseptic operation.   (2) Regular catheterization, the amount of urine exported should not exceed 500ml each time, to prevent excessive catheterization from causing collapse of the patient.   (3) The method of squeezing the bladder should be correct. The applied force is light and then heavy, and continuous pressure is applied to a depth of about 3-4cm.  (4) The catheter material used should be soft and fully lubricated with sterile lubricant. The catheterization is gentle. Communicate more with patients during catheterization to achieve better cooperation.   (5) Urinary catheterization strives to exhaust the urine without leaving residual urine.  (6) Routine urine examinations and mid-section urine cultures are performed every 1 to 2 weeks.  (7) During the intermittent catheterization, the patient’s water intake and discharge was recorded in detail.

Can Internet celebrity meal replacement foods get twice the result with half the effort? See what the doctor said

According to the aesthetic standards of most people in modern times, thinness represents beauty. Especially for most female friends, if they don’t have a slim body, they will lack self-confidence no matter how they dress. So many people regard weight loss as their lifelong career. In recent years, as more and more people join the weight-loss army, diet meal replacements have also emerged. The so-called weight loss meal replacement is to use some low-energy foods that can bring satiety instead of regular meals to achieve the goal of weight loss. Moreover, in order to cater to the tastes and preferences of different groups of people, there are more and more types of weight loss meal replacements, and even many Internet celebrity meal replacements have emerged, including fruit meal replacements, vegetable meal replacements, protein meal replacements, meal replacement milkshakes, etc. And so on, some businesses even promote that eating weight loss meal replacements can make you lose weight without exercising. It sounds really tempting, this is simply zero pain weight loss! But is the net celebrity weight loss meal replacement really so good? Can long-term diet meal replacements really help you lose weight? Let’s listen to what the doctor says today. Eating weight loss meal replacements for a long time will not effectively lose weight, but may cause nutritional imbalance! The essence of obesity is the excess energy taken in by the body, and this excess energy is converted into fat and stored in the body. So from a nutritional point of view, the principle of weight loss is to make the energy intake lower than the energy consumed, so that weight can be reduced. In order to achieve this goal, we can take two methods to reduce energy intake and increase energy consumption. The best way to increase energy consumption is to exercise, but many people cannot persist for a long time and give up halfway, so they often fail to lose weight. Weight loss meal replacement is the first way to reduce energy intake to achieve the goal of weight loss. Practice has proved that weight loss meal replacement does have a certain weight loss effect, but it is not as healthy as people think. Because our weight loss is mainly to reduce the excess fat content in the body, but nutrients such as protein, vitamins, dietary fiber, minerals and trace elements cannot be lacked either. These weight-loss meal replacements often fail to fully cover these nutrients, or they may lead to a surplus of certain nutrients. Therefore, long-term weight-loss meal replacements may bring nutritional imbalances and may even induce diseases. For example, protein meal replacements have high protein content, and long-term high-protein diets will increase the burden on the kidneys; in addition, like other fruit or vegetable meal replacements, although vitamins and dietary fiber can be sufficient, the content of protein or trace elements is limited. May cause hypoproteinemia. How to ensure balanced nutrition during weight loss? Although weight loss requires control of energy intake, it is necessary to ensure sufficient protein and other nutrients for good health. In terms of protein intake during weight loss, according to the European Food Safety Agency, the minimum protein intake for overweight or obese adults during weight loss is 75g/d, and the highest is 105g/d. In addition, studies have shown that a very low-carbohydrate diet for adults may cause severe metabolic acidosis, so at least 30g/d of digestible carbohydrates are required. Dietary fiber has an important effect on intestinal function, and its intake should also be guaranteed. 7-30g/d. Studies have shown that using a low-fat diet to lose weight will increase the risk of gallstone formation, so even if you lose weight, you should ensure that you have a fat intake of 5-10g/d, while also ensuring the supplement of trace elements. In addition, vitamins are also essential and can be supplemented with vegetables and fruits. These foods rarely cause weight gain. Conclusion To sum up, the current weight loss meal replacements in my country are uneven and their nutrient content is also different. Therefore, it is recommended that you carefully read the nutrients on the food label when purchasing, and whether the content meets the above daily needs Claim. If it does not reach it, additional supplements should be made, and do not blindly believe in weight loss meal replacements to avoid malnutrition. (Some of the pictures in the article originate from the network and the copyright belongs to the original author. I would like to express my gratitude to the author of the picture. If you find any infringement of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

Middle-aged and elderly “pick” high-quality nutrition (rainbow diet) healthier

&nbsp.&nbsp.1, scientific supplement of protein, plant protein is preferred. &nbsp.&nbsp.”Chinese Residents’ Dietary Guidelines 2016″ gives clear recommendations on the intake of protein for the elderly: >50-year-olds recommend a daily protein intake of 65g, of which 32.5g is recommended for high-quality protein. &nbsp.&nbsp.High-quality protein is easier to digest and absorb, especially for middle-aged and elderly people who are weaker in digestion and absorption. &nbsp.&nbsp.Fish, shrimp, poultry, dairy products and soy products are good sources of high-quality protein. In particular, soy products have lower cholesterol content than livestock and poultry meat, and are more suitable for middle-aged and elderly people with “three highs” problems. &nbsp.&nbsp. In general, to ensure adequate intake of high-quality protein every day, one or two meat, one cup of milk, one egg, one handful of beans, more fish and poultry, less meat, less oil and less salt should be achieved. health. For middle-aged and elderly people, mainly plant protein, protein powder supplements with animal and plant double protein are also a good choice. &nbsp.&nbsp.2, increase the intake of dairy products to ensure that the daily calcium is up to standard&nbsp.&nbsp. Middle-aged and elderly people need to supplement 1000mg of calcium daily. Dairy products are the main source of calcium. The Chinese Dietary Guidelines recommends that the elderly should consume 300 grams of milk and dairy products daily. &nbsp.&nbsp. For middle-aged and elderly people, especially those with insufficient calcium intake in their diets, it is recommended to take extra calcium supplements, especially for those with gastrointestinal discomfort after drinking milk, choose low-lactose calcium-rich ones Supplements are more effective. &nbsp.&nbsp.3. Pay attention to intestinal health and supplement dietary fiber in an appropriate amount&nbsp.&nbsp. Dietary fiber is helpful for improving middle-aged and elderly constipation, diarrhea, obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, etc. Due to the decline in chewing function and swallowing function of the elderly, it is difficult to digest crude fiber foods. In addition to the easy-to-chew fruits and vegetables that can be eaten daily, soluble dietary fiber supplements can be preferred; at the same time, high-quality probiotics can be added. It can promote the balance of intestinal flora and help the absorption of nutrients and the metabolism of waste. &nbsp.&nbsp.4. Rainbow diet enhances antioxidant power and protects health in many ways&nbsp.&nbsp. Human body aging is the process of our body being “oxidized” gradually. The oxidation reaction process will produce a large number of free radicals, which will harm the body and cause Inflammation, cardiovascular disease, etc. &nbsp.&nbsp. Plant foods are rich in natural antioxidants, such as lutein, green tea extract EGCG, lycopene, etc., all play an antioxidant role in all aspects. In the daily diet, eat more fruits and vegetables of various colors such as red, yellow, green, purple, and black, or choose to supplement some naturally extracted antioxidants, which will help middle-aged and elderly people fight aging and reduce the occurrence of diseases.

Increased blood viscosity increases the risk of purpura patients!

 At the onset of allergic purpura, there may be symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle and joint pain for 2 to 3 weeks. The four most common characteristic symptoms include skin rash, joint inflammation, abdominal pain, and kidney damage, but rarely affect other vital organs, such as the brain, heart, or lungs.   But did you know that increased blood viscosity increases the risk of purpura patients?  The increase in blood viscosity directly affects the microcirculation blood, increases the blood flow resistance in the diseased area, and aggravates the local symptoms.   Increased viscosity, slow blood flow, blood stasis, long-term congestion can cause local hypoxia, drop in pH, and reduce red blood cell deformability.   Therefore, it is necessary to change the diet to prevent blood stickiness.  1. The daily protein intake of patients is preferably 1g per kilogram of body weight, and the daily intake of adults is about 60g, and it is mainly high biological protein, such as eggs, fresh milk, lean meat, etc. You can schedule protein intake throughout the day like this.   2. Patients with gastrointestinal symptoms can be given a liquid or semi-liquid diet according to the condition. It is worth noting that the diet of patients with allergic purpura nephritis should grasp the principle of not only supplementing various nutrients, but also making food light.  3. Vitamin C can reduce the permeability and fragility of capillaries. Patients with allergic purpura nephritis eat more of these foods to help recover. Foods rich in vitamin C include grapefruit, kiwi, apples, oranges, lemons, strawberries, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables and green peppers.   4. Water intake. Generally speaking, if the edema is obvious, in addition to eating, it is better to limit the intake of water to 500-800ml per day. After suffering from a urinary tract infection, in order to avoid and reduce the retention and reproduction of bacteria in the urethra, patients should drink more water and urinate frequently to achieve the effect of frequent flushing of the bladder and urethra.

The best way to treat gout

 The treatment method of gout 1. Western medicine treats gout. Western medicine often treats the symptoms and it is difficult to cure the root cause. At present, the treatment of gout is mainly based on the targeted administration of clinical symptoms in order to quickly reduce inflammation and relieve pain. Intermittently take allopurine and other drugs to reduce uric acid and prevent recurrence. Basically, the western medicines currently used for gout have serious side effects and treat the symptoms but not the root cause. In addition, taking western medicine for lowering uric acid during the intermittent period not only rebounds quickly when stopping the drug, but also often causes metastatic gout attacks due to the rapid dissolution of uric acid. Most notably, taking western medicine for a long time is destined to damage the liver, kidneys and spleen, causing irreversible gout attacks.  The treatment method of gout 2. Chinese medicine treats gout. Traditional Chinese medicine emphasizes syndrome differentiation and treatment. For specific methods, consult your doctor for advice, and do not use drugs indiscriminately. 1. Phellodendron powder: Rhubarb, Phellodendron, Platycladus orientalis, Eupatorium, Mint, 10g each with honey to blend. 2. Qingretongbi ointment: 30 grams of Gypsum Lonicera, Anemarrhena, Phellodendron, Atractylodes, Coptis, Huang Cen, Red Peony, Yuan Hu, Rhubarb, Shan Zhi (Gardenia) 10 grams, ground powder, add vinegar to blend. 3. Pain Relief Powder: Raw Chuanwu, Raw Caowu, Qianghuo, Alone, 6 grams of woody. Asarum, 12 grams of dried ginger, 6 grams of angelica, vinegar. 4. Gold powder: produce rhubarb and southern star. Angelica dahurica, cork, turmeric 10 grams each, magnolia root, 6 grams atractylodes, 4 grams tangerine peel and licorice, 20 grams pollen, vinegar.   Gout treatment method 3. Chinese acupuncture treatment of gout. In addition to TCM treatment, TCM acupuncture treatment is also extremely helpful for the recovery of gout patients. Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicine has a long history in our country. The clinical statistics report pointed out that the effective rate of acupuncture and moxibustion in treating gout is over 92.3%.  The treatment method of gout Fourth, the diet therapy method treats gout. Limit purine intake, limit protein intake, and control total caloric energy intake. Eat more alkaline foods to reduce fat intake. Limit salt intake and drink plenty of water to ensure adequate urine output. Avoid drinking alcohol and eat less peppers and other spices. The nutrient distribution should be reasonable, less strong condiments or spices, and avoid hot pot.   In addition, patients with gout should develop good habits in their lives and participate in outdoor sports as appropriate, but they should pay attention to the combination of work and rest, avoid excessive physical activity, and ensure adequate sleep. To correctly handle the relationship between “movement” and “stillness”, it is necessary to correct the practice of passive rest and rest, advocating the combination of movement and static, acting within the capacity, step by step, and long-term adherence to exercise. Keeping active exercise can not only slow down the heart rate, prolong the diastolic period, and increase the stroke volume, but also expand the myocardial capillaries correspondingly, so that myocardial cells can get more supply, improve myocardial metabolism, increase cardiac reserve, and improve heart The reserve of functions is also helpful to improve and enhance the health of the whole body and the immunity of the human body, so as to achieve the purpose of assisting the treatment of gout.

Can I drink liquor for high uric acid and gout? Rumor: No matter what kind of wine, you must drink less

Many of my friends are troubled by high uric acid gout, especially during the acute attack of gout, the pain is unbearable and miserable. But some friends can’t forget what’s in the cup. I always hear that I have gout and I can’t drink beer. Can I drink some white wine to relax my muscles and invigorate blood? In fact, whether it is beer or liquor, it is not recommended for friends with hyperuricemia and gout problems, let alone drink more. During the acute attack of gout, it is necessary to abstain from alcohol. Under normal circumstances, the problem of elevated uric acid is first before the problem of gout attack. The level of urate in the blood rises and reaches a supersaturated state to precipitate crystals. These small crystals of urate exist in the blood and form deposits in the joints. The urate deposited in the joints causes inflammation in the joints. In response, severe joint pain, red and swollen “gout” symptoms will occur. The name “gout” is because gout attacks tend to have a rapid onset, sudden onset, and severe pain. During the acute attack of gout, the problem of high uric acid in the body still exists, and inflammation of the joints also appears. Sexual reaction. In this case, it is strongly recommended to prohibit alcohol. Do not drink any alcohol-containing beverages. Alcohol will further aggravate the body’s inflammatory response and cause further disturbance and increase in the blood urate concentration. Therefore, during the acute attack of gout, whether it is red wine, white wine or beer, whether it is general wine or medicinal wine, it is not recommended to drink alcoholic beverages healthily. This is one of the precautions for the treatment of acute gout. . During an acute attack of gout, in addition to strictly abstaining from alcohol, you must also pay attention to a good rest, light diet, moderate drinking water, monitor the urine pH level, alkalinize the urine according to the situation, and follow the doctor’s advice to do anti-inflammatory and analgesic measures Treatment, usually through 1 to 2 weeks of conditioning treatment, acute gout attacks, pain symptoms will gradually disappear and relieve. During the intermittent period of gout, you should also pay attention to limit drinking. Gout does not hurt. It does not mean that the gout has been completely cured, but has entered the intermittent period of gout. During this period, although there are no pain symptoms, the pathological basis of high uric acid, It often still exists. To reduce the risk of recurrence of gout and control the level of uric acid is the foundation of the foundation. Generally, for friends who have a first attack of gout, the uric acid level should be controlled to at least 360μmol/L during the gout interval. For friends who have recurrent gout attacks, or those who have been clearly confirmed to have chronic tophi problems, it is better to control the uric acid level below 300. To control the level of uric acid, life conditioning is a very important aspect. Among the various precautions for life conditioning, limiting alcohol consumption is a very important aspect. Regarding drinking, many friends always like to talk about which one to drink, beer, white wine, or red wine. In fact, compared to the relatively high purine content in beer, we should pay more attention to the overall effect of alcohol on uric acid metabolism. Alcohol intake has many effects on high uric acid. On the one hand, alcohol intake will affect the production of uric acid, leading to excessive uric acid production. On the other hand, alcohol metabolism can interfere with and inhibit uric acid. The excretion of uric acid leads to a decrease in uric acid excretion. Therefore, whether in terms of uric acid production or uric acid excretion, alcohol intake plays a negative role, and a large amount of alcohol intake at one time will also cause The further rapid increase in the level of uric acid in the body is also one of the main causes of acute gout. Therefore, in the intermittent period of gout, if you want to control the uric acid level, it is best not to drink alcohol. If you really want to drink it, you must also control it to minimize the effect of drinking on the blood uric acid level. In addition to limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding gout attacks, other aspects of life should also be paid attention to in addition to limiting alcohol consumption. For friends with hyperuricemia and gout problems, in daily life, they want to control their blood uric acid levels and try to avoid gout. There are many aspects that should be paid attention to for recurring attacks. Simply summarize a few points for everyone-first, pay attention to the intake of high-purine diets. High-purine diets are the main way to produce exogenous uric acid. Control the intake of purines in the diet. It can reduce the production of exogenous uric acid. It is an important dietary precaution for controlling hyperuric acid and avoiding inducing gout attacks. The second is to control sugar intake, especially fructose. High fructose diet will be consumed in the process of metabolism and digestion in the body

What aspects of gout diet should pay attention to?

[Dietary taboos for gout]    The first category is high purine food patients need to be strictly controlled: these foods include animal brain, heart, kidney, liver and goose meat, grouse, minced meat, thick gravy, broth, sand fish , Roe, sea cucumber, scallops, mussels, yeast. The second category is foods that contain moderate amounts of purines, and patients need to choose appropriately: Because this category of foods contain moderate amounts of purines, patients in remission can choose one portion of animal food and one portion of vegetables from them, but the amount should not be appropriate excessive. Animal foods of this type of food include fish, meat, poultry, and shellfish. Plant foods include: dried beans, lentils, asparagus, spinach, and mushrooms. The third category of foods contains a small amount of purine foods that can be selected as appropriate: these foods include barley, wheat, oats, bread, noodles, rice, cornmeal, starch, cakes, biscuits, butter, snacks, fruits, eggs, soy milk, tofu, butter , Cream, cheese, ice cream, almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, sugar, jam, honey, vegetable oil, cocoa, soda, soda, animal glue or agar for snacks and condiments. [Eating habits for gout]   ①Avoid overeating: Too high calorie intake will lead to obesity, and the presence of purine in food will directly increase uric acid, so be careful not to overeat. In order to control The intake of this product can also take into account the feeling of fullness. Patients can eat less and more meals.  ②Pay attention to nutritional balance: It is difficult to maintain nutritional balance if you do not consume food containing Purin at all. Therefore, when eating, you must pay attention to intake of different food materials to maintain nutritional balance. ③ Supplement more water: Sufficient water supplement can reduce the concentration of blood and urine, and can produce a large amount of urine, which can help uric acid excrete from the body, and can also avoid kidney stones caused by gout. In addition, acidic urine will also be supplemented with water It tends to be alkaline, so you need to drink plenty of water.

Eat more plant protein can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by 12%

The high-protein diet of Yimei Taohuayuan College in the world of herbalists can not only help build muscles, but also help the body strengthen immunity. In the latest research published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) a few days ago, it was even found that a high-protein diet can reduce cardiovascular disease , Diabetes and other risks; but there is a major premise that you must take in “plant protein” to have this effect. Researchers from Tehran Medical University in Iran and the United States systematically evaluated 32 past research results and collected data on 715,128 people in 32 years. These data are adults over 18 years old, including their health status, disease type, Causes of death, etc. Among them, 16,429 people died of heart disease and 22,303 people died of cancer. The researchers took 31 out of 32 studies for further analysis, and used mathematical models to compare the difference between the highest and lowest protein intake. It turns out that the mortality rate due to disease will decrease with the increase in protein intake; if 3% of the calories are obtained from vegetable protein every day, it can reduce all mortality risks by 5%. Just replace a small portion of the calories with vegetable protein! Generally speaking, the daily protein requirement of an adult is about 1 gram per kilogram of body weight, which accounts for 10% to 20% of the daily calorie intake. The research team observed that as long as 3% of plant protein is consumed every day, it can reduce the risk of death; therefore, as long as one piece of meat in one of the three meals is replaced by two pieces of dried bean curd, or a cup of soy milk, it is actually There is such an effect. “These findings support the dietary recommendations that are now provided, which is to increase the daily intake of plant protein by the average person.” The research team said that if high protein intake from animals, such as meat, is not positive for the risk of death. However, if you eat protein from plants such as beans (peas, beans and lentils), or ingest from whole grains and nuts, the risk of death can be significantly reduced. In addition to the overall risk of death, the risk of cardiovascular disease can also be reduced by 12%. The research team believes that these effects may be due to the presence of biopolyphenols in plant protein and the amino acid composition of plant protein is different from animal protein, but rich Foods containing plant protein also contain many antioxidant components, which may also have some relevance; on the contrary, excessive intake of animal protein may easily lead to the risk of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers, which may be attributed to animal protein The content of methionine is too high. Methionine: It is mainly found in animal protein. After ingested, the body will metabolize it into homocysteine. It is currently known as a risk factor for heart disease, stroke, blood vessel blockage, dementia, and depression. In addition, in the intestines, plant proteins can help good bacteria to ferment and reduce the production of potentially toxic and carcinogenic metabolites. The research team said, “The possible reason why plant protein is beneficial in reducing the risk of death may be that these mechanisms can change blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar, which may help reduce the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes.” But these studies The data comes from Western countries, so there may be ethnic and regional differences; but because the correlation is clear, the research team is still very confident, “This has a great impact on life expectancy. It has great public health significance.” Reference: Dietary&nbsp.intake&nbsp.of&nbsp.total,&nbsp.animal,&nbsp.and&nbsp.plant&nbsp.proteins&nbsp.and&nbsp.risk&nbsp.of&nbsp.all&nbsp.cause,&nbsp.cardiovascular,&nbsp.and&nbsp.cancer&nbsp.mortality:&nbsp.systematic&nbsp.review&nbsp. and&nbsp.dose-response&nbsp.meta-analysis&nbsp.of&nbsp.prospective&nbsp.cohort&nbsp.studies

Will you gain weight if you drink water? Please don’t shake the pot for water, check what kind of drink you are drinking!

Many obese people say that I don’t know what’s wrong with my body. I can get fat even if I drink water. I really can’t help it! I don’t know why my weight will rise when I drink water. Regarding this point, I will explain this issue to you today. Drinking water will not cause people to get fat. The weight gain has nothing to do with drinking water. &nbsp. We all know that water is an important resource that our human body depends on. It is the basic component of our body. In our body, almost 70% is water, and the moisture content of newborns is as high as 80%. Proper drinking of water can ensure sufficient water in the human body and solve human health problems. Our body is inseparable from water. More importantly, we must know that the main chemical component of water is H2O. Hydrogen oxide itself has no calories. It can be said that drinking water will not gain weight. Then why would anyone say that drinking water will gain weight? This may not be the usual “water”. Last time, we talked about the intake of oil and salt. This time we talked about the intake of sugar. Many obese people say that drinking water will make you fat. In fact, after detailed questioning, it turns out that it is not pure water, but the “sugar” mystery is self-defeating. Sugar is one of the energy that the human body needs to take in, but excessive sugar can also lead to obesity, so if you like “sugar water”, don’t shake the pot and give it water! Although many beverages on the market can quench thirst and add a certain amount of water, the sugar content is generally not low, such as cola and milk tea. Some people may think that if I just drink a happy water or a cup of milk tea, why is the sugar exceeding the standard? This is because beverages contain a lot of sugar, and a large amount of sugar is the main reason why we gain weight. How much sugar is suitable for human body? As I said before, a young woman is recommended to consume 1800 kcal of energy per day. When calculated, 10% of the total energy intake is 180 kcal, which is about 40-45 grams of sugar. If you want to reduce your sugar intake, the daily intake of sugar is about 22 grams. It sounds like 45 grams of sugar seems to be a lot, in fact, maybe you eat more sugar every day! For example, a bottle of Coke actually contains about 50 grams of sugar. Therefore, it is very important to drink less sugary drinks. In fact, it is necessary not only to drink water during weight loss, but also to drink enough water to promote metabolism and be more conducive to weight loss. Generally speaking, I require my weight loss patients to drink at least 2000ml of water every day, which is equivalent to 4 bottles of 200ml of mineral water, in order to bring better results.

There are four criteria for scientifically and reasonably supplementing protein

&nbsp.&nbsp.1. High quality. High-quality protein should contain 8 essential amino acids that the human body cannot synthesize by itself. This protein has a similar ratio of amino acids to human protein and is easily absorbed by the body. And it is best to supplement protein from different sources of animals and plants at the same time, that is to say, it is best to have beans, milk, eggs, fish, shrimp, meat and poultry in the diet. &nbsp.&nbsp.2, adequate amount. The recommended intake of protein for adults is 1.0 g per kilogram of body weight, of which high-quality protein accounts for 30%-50% of the total protein. The intake of high-quality protein for the elderly should reach 50% of the total protein, and about 24g high-quality protein per day. (Take an adult weighing 60 kg as an example, calculated according to 40% high-quality protein, which is 24 grams)&nbsp.&nbsp. 3. Source. Choose foods with higher nutrient density (lower calories, fat, sugar, etc., while providing the same amount of high-quality protein) to reduce intake of more calories while ensuring nutrient intake. For example, braised pork and fried chicken are “non-” high nutrient density foods, not good sources of high-quality protein. &nbsp.&nbsp.4. Priority. High-quality, sufficient, and good-source protein needs to be supplemented first. Use it to replace some of the non-high-quality protein sources, and the diet will be more balanced. &nbsp.&nbsp.Among foods, milk and soybeans are good sources of high-quality protein, with high nutrient density and can be supplemented first; aquatic products are rich in high-quality protein, so you can eat more if possible to replace animal meat; pork fat content is too high , It is recommended to choose lean meat or poultry. At the same time, try to choose a cooking method with less oil and salt. &nbsp.&nbsp. People who have insufficient dietary intake or difficult to supplement through daily diet can supplement protein powder supplements appropriately.

Do we really have to drink 8 glasses of water every day?

Water is the source of life. We often hear the elderly, elders, and people around us say, “We need to drink 8 glasses of water every day!” Is it really necessary? Eight glasses of water per day comes from the “8×8 rule”, that is: drink 8 glasses of 8 ounces of water per day (ounce: British unit of measurement, weight unit. 1 ounce = 28.35g, or = 1/16 pound), totaling about 2000ml water. However, there is no scientific research, drinking water guidelines, expert consensus, etc. that directly recommend us to drink 8 glasses of water. In 1945, the National Food and Nutrition Association of the United States pointed out that in most cases, adults consume 2.5 liters (2500ml) of water per day, and most of this water is contained in our daily food. This conclusion is the result of research on human body’s balanced metabolism in the 1930s and 1940s. Researchers believe that under different age, gender, state, environment, weather, and many other conditions, the amount of water required by the human body is different. Do we need to worry about drinking too little water every day? It is not necessary, because the rice, fruits, beverages, and vegetables that we consume in our diet contain a lot of water, and most of the water in the body comes from this. At the same time, when the human body lacks water, the body’s feedback mechanism will also tell us that we are “thirsty” and should drink water. To

Do I need to drink 8 glasses of water a day?

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Water is the source of life. We often hear the elderly, elders, and people around us say, “We need to drink 8 glasses of water every day!” Is it really necessary? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Eight glasses of water a day come from the “8×8 rule”, that is: drink 8 glasses of 8 ounces of water every day (ounce: British unit of measurement, weight unit. 1 ounce = 28.35g , Or = 1/16 pounds), totaling about 2000ml of water. However, there is no scientific research, drinking water guidelines, expert consensus, etc. that directly recommend us to drink 8 glasses of water. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.In 1945, the National Food and Nutrition Association pointed out that in most cases, adults consume 2.5 liters (2500ml) of water per day, and most of these water content is included in our daily diet. Food. This conclusion is the result of research on human body’s balanced metabolism in the 1930s and 1940s. Researchers believe that under different age, gender, state, environment, weather, and many other conditions, the amount of water required by the human body is different. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Then do we need to worry about drinking too little water every day? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. It is not necessary, because the rice, fruits, beverages, and vegetables we eat in our diet contain a lot of water, and most of the body’s water intake comes from this. At the same time, when the human body lacks water, the body’s feedback mechanism will also tell us that we are “thirsty” and should drink water. &nbsp.&nbsp.

What should you pay attention to when men in Chongqing suffer from vitiligo in autumn and winter?

What should be paid attention to when men in Chongqing suffer from vitiligo in the autumn and winter? After having vitiligo, male friends hope that they can keep their white spots away from the shadow of the disease. In addition to choosing the right treatment method for the treatment of male vitiligo, it is also necessary to clearly understand which foods cannot be eaten in life. Because patients with vitiligo can easily get worse by eating the wrong food, this is a treatment point that needs to be understood! Which foods are not for male vitiligo? 1. Male patients with vitiligo should avoid eating a lot of foods rich in vitamin C in their lives: vitamin C is a substance that participates in the body’s tyrosine metabolism, which can reduce the melanin in people’s skin to no Pigment-like substances, which in turn lead to the reduction of melanin, such as excessive intake of vitamin C, it will cause vitiligo. Therefore, the prevention of vitiligo starts with preventing excessive intake of foods rich in vitamin C, such as grapefruit, tomatoes, and jujubes. 2. A patient should avoid taking a lot of foods containing phenols: Phenols are generally present in food additives and have certain toxic and side effects on melanocytes. After the human body takes in a lot of phenols, it will inhibit the synthesis of melanin, and then induce Vitiligo. Therefore, the prevention of vitiligo should start with a small number of phenolic foods and eat less foods with too many food additives. 3. Other male patients should also avoid excessive consumption of seafood and a lot of drinking: On the dinner table where relatives and friends gather, drinking wine and tasting seafood are often delicious dishes. Many patients with vitiligo drink too much or eat seafood for a week. Later onset, these are the two main causes of vitiligo. Therefore, the treatment of male vitiligo should start with a reasonable diet, avoid drinking too much, and avoid excessive consumption of seafood. What should be paid attention to when Chongqing men suffer from vitiligo in autumn and winter? The above is a detailed introduction to the foods that male vitiligo should not eat. I hope it will help you.