There are 5 signals in the body, which may be chronic renal insufficiency, which is more effective in treating symptoms

For more patient communication and help, please follow the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] Chronic renal insufficiency, which is called chronic renal failure at this stage. This type of disease is mainly caused by the body’s detoxification of kidney function, and the slow reduction of the endocrine function of the drainage pipe and part of it. Therefore, all diseases are related to this. First, edema. It is the most common condition of chronic renal insufficiency. It can be the edema of the upper eyelid, or the edema of the lower limbs. Some of the more serious edema will continue to have pleural effusion and hydroperitoneum, and the main manifestations are chest tightness, shortness of breath, breathlessness, and abdominal distension. Second, poor appetite or nausea and retching. In patients with chronic renal insufficiency, the excretion of endotoxin is hindered, and the accumulation in the body will cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The patient will have poor appetite, see a blank appetite, and even more serious symptoms of nausea and retching. Third, anemia. Many patients with chronic renal insufficiency have renal interstitial cell damage, and renal interstitial cells are responsible for producing erythropoietin to adjust hematopoietic function, so many patients with chronic renal insufficiency have anemia. Anemia will mainly manifest as pale face or fingernails. If the patient moves slightly, he will experience fatigue and wheezing symptoms. Fourth, itchy skin. Many patients with chronic renal insufficiency have skin itching, mainly due to the imbalance of calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency have low calcium and high phosphorus. Phosphorus is very easy to irritate the abductor nerve and cause skin itching. Fifth, abnormal urination occurs. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency will have frequent urination in the early stage, and they can urinate more than four or five times a night, and urinate more each time. This is mainly caused by the extraction function of the renal tubules. There will be a decrease in urination at the end. This type of condition is caused by the slowly decreasing filtration effect of the renal tubules.

What should I pay attention to when eating for renal insufficiency? Follow the 4 dietary principles and must not be taken lightly

For more patient communication and help, please follow the WeChat public account [Nephropathy Association] People with kidney disease who do not pay attention to diet may cause the disease to relapse. Therefore, it is very important for people with poor renal function to actively and correctly cooperate with treatment and care. What is suitable for people suffering from renal dysfunction? First: In order to maximize the use of protein intake in the diet of renal insufficiency, and prevent it from being converted into energy consumption, it is necessary to supplement while taking a low-protein diet energy. At least 35 kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per day, mainly supplied by sugar, can eat fruits, cane sugar products, chocolate, jam, honey, etc. Second: The amount of salt in the diet for renal insufficiency should depend on the condition. If you have high blood pressure or edema, it is advisable to use a low-salt diet with 2 grams of salt per day. Third: It is worth noting that although some foods meet the previous conditions, such as egg yolks, meat floss, animal offal, dairy products, bone marrow, etc., they are not suitable for consumption due to their high phosphorus content, because the storage of phosphorus can promote The function of the kidneys deteriorates further. In order to reduce the appropriate amount of food, fish, meat, potatoes, etc. should be boiled and discarded before further cooking. Fourth: Fish and meat for renal insufficiency recipes, you can choose lean pork, lean mutton, chicken, duck, large yellow croaker, eel, pomfret, crucian, rice eel, loach, river prawn, ham, pork heart, chicken gizzard, and mussel . It is not suitable to use various meat floss, brain liver and lung of various animals, beef milk powder, dried shark, dried squid, scallops, soft-shelled turtle, herring, dried saury, open ocean, shrimp skin, whitebait, carp, hairtail, river crab, etc.

Don’t be fooled by these symptoms! It may be a problem with renal insufficiency

Diffuse renal insufficiency is called diffuse renal failure at this stage. This type of disease is mainly caused by the detoxification of the body due to the function of the kidneys, and the gradual decrease of the endocrine function of the drainage pipe and part of it. Therefore, all diseases are related to this. First, edema. It is the most common condition of diffuse renal insufficiency. It can be edema of the upper eyelid, or edema of the lower limbs. In some cases, the edema is more serious and will continue to have pleural effusion and hydroperitoneum. The main manifestations are chest tightness, shortness of breath, breathlessness, and abdominal distension. Second, poor appetite or nausea and retching. Patients with diffuse renal insufficiency hinder the excretion of endotoxin, and the accumulation in the body will cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The patient will have poor appetite, see a blank appetite, and even more serious symptoms of nausea and retching. Third, anemia. Many patients with diffuse renal insufficiency have damage to renal interstitial cells, and renal interstitial cells are responsible for causing erythropoietin to adjust hematopoietic function, so many patients with diffuse renal insufficiency have anemia. Anemia will mainly manifest as pale face or fingernails. When the patient moves slightly, he will suffer from fatigue and wheezing. Fourth, itchy skin. Many patients with diffuse renal insufficiency have skin itching, mainly due to the imbalance of calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Patients with diffuse renal insufficiency have low calcium and high phosphorus. Phosphorus is very easy to irritate the abductor nerve, which can cause skin itching. Fifth, abnormal urination occurs. Patients with diffuse renal insufficiency will have frequent urination in the early stage, and they can urinate more than four or five times a night, and each time they urinate more often, this is mainly caused by the extraction function of the renal tubules. There will be a decrease in urination at the end. This type of condition is caused by the slowly decreasing filtration effect of the renal tubules. For more patient communication help, please follow the WeChat public account [Kidney Disease Patients Association]

What is the relationship between hypertension and renal insufficiency? The answer makes many people afraid

Does renal insufficiency cause high blood pressure? Does renal insufficiency cause complications? Is renal insufficiency related to high blood pressure? Renal insufficiency is a type of kidney disease. Patients with renal insufficiency are often prone to symptoms of high blood pressure during the onset of disease, which brings certain difficulties to the treatment of the disease. Therefore, many people hope to avoid this symptom. A more complicated disease, how can it be related to high blood pressure? I believe this is a common doubt. Does kidney insufficiency cause high blood pressure? There are many patients with high blood pressure and renal insufficiency. In this case, special attention should be paid to stable blood pressure. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency will develop lesions for a long time and may be accompanied by hypertension at any time. If they cannot be controlled in time at this time, it will form a vicious circle in the human body and affect renal failure ( Renal failure) itself in the future prevention. On the surface, renal insufficiency has nothing to do with high blood pressure, but in fact, renal insufficiency has a lot to do with high blood pressure. The incidence of high blood pressure is very common. Many people have this disease. Because high blood pressure is not like other diseases, it generally does not cause life-threatening. Therefore, high blood pressure can cause cardiovascular damage (left heart enlargement, heart failure, arteriosclerosis) ) And aggravate kidney damage. A small number of patients may develop malignant hypertension, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure are significantly increased, hypertensive encephalopathy, convulsions, fundus changes and papilledema, renal failure and malignant hypertension, the prognosis is very poor. In patients with high blood pressure, the kidneys are often progressively damaged, so they progress to the end stage of renal failure faster. On the other hand, the kidneys not only cause high blood pressure, persistent hypertension can cause hypertensive vascular changes, and finally lead to renal arteriole sclerosis, which can accelerate changes in renal function. Moreover, severe hypertension can also cause damage to important organs such as heart and brain, such as congestive heart failure, common left heart failure and hypertensive encephalopathy. These serious complications often accelerate the death of patients. Because hypertension is a dangerous signal, it must be actively controlled. Patients should pay attention to high blood pressure. If high blood pressure is found, they should be checked for kidney disease, especially those over 40 years old, or with diabetes, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia, and gout, as well as edema and urine foam. Excessive, nocturia, backache, etc., family history of kidney disease. When high blood pressure becomes difficult to control, you should consider whether you have kidney disease. Regular urinalysis is very important to predict heart disease and stroke. When there are both high blood pressure and kidney disease, the choice and use of blood pressure must be cautious . For more patient communication help, please follow the WeChat public account [Kidney Disease Patients Association]

Wang Hongxia: 8 major symptoms of nephropathy warning!

Wang Hongxia, chief physician of the Department of Nephrology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, graduated from Beijing University of Chinese Medicine in 1995 and studied at Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from 1998 to 2001. He studied under Professor Nie Lifang, a famous Chinese medicine nephropathy expert, and obtained a master’s degree in internal medicine of Chinese medicine. Good at treating acute and chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, IgA nephropathy, proteinuria, hematuria, membranous nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, renal failure, diabetic nephropathy, purpura nephritis, lupus nephritis, hepatitis B virus-related nephritis, Gouty nephropathy, hypertension, kidney damage, etc. 1. Edema: The kidneys have filtration and drainage functions. When kidney damage, there will be water and sodium retention. In mild cases, eyelid edema (especially morning eyelid edema) or lower limb edema may be seen. 2. Hypertension: Hypertension is a common symptom of chronic kidney disease. Kidney disease is a common cause of hypertension. Hypertension can also cause kidney damage. Young people should be alert to kidney disease if there is an unexplained increase in blood pressure. 3. Foam urine: Urine microalbuminuria is an early signal of chronic kidney disease, while persistent microalbuminuria or proteinuria indicate kidney damage. When the protein and sugar in the urine increase, foamy urine may appear. There is a layer of fine foam on the surface of the urine, which is not easy to disappear. You should be alert to proteinuria. 4. Changes in urine output: a normal adult has a 24-hour urine output of 1000-2000ml, without urinating at night or only once. If you often urinate more than 2 times at night, and the urine output at night is greater than the urine output during the day, it may indicate renal insufficiency. 5. Anemia: Patients with moderate or more chronic renal insufficiency reduce the secretion of erythropoietin in the kidneys, often with symptoms such as anemia, fatigue, dizziness, and pale complexion. 6. Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, skin itching: patients with chronic renal insufficiency and uremia often have gastrointestinal dysfunction, and the above symptoms occur. 7. Low back pain: Although low back pain and kidney disease are not necessarily related, many patients with kidney disease may have symptoms of low back pain. 8. Gout: If you have joint pain such as the toes and feet, you need to be alert for gout caused by gouty nephropathy or renal insufficiency.

What happens if aortic regurgitation occurs?

Aortic regurgitation is common in aortic valve insufficiency, which has two major types of factors: physiological and pathological. Many people have aortic insufficiency from birth. This is congenital, but if there are no symptoms, there is no need for treatment. There are also some pathological causes of aortic regurgitation that require everyone’s attention. The diseases that can cause aortic regurgitation are usually: rheumatic heart disease, valve disease, bacterial endocarditis and other factors. It is necessary to find the cause and symptomatic treatment. Regarding the question of what happens to aortic valve regurgitation, we must first understand what is the aortic valve and what is its working mechanism? The aortic valve is located between the left ventricle and the aorta, and its main function is to inhibit the blood flow injected into the aorta from flowing back into the left ventricle. If aortic valve insufficiency occurs, it will cause aortic blood reflux to the left ventricle. We often say aortic regurgitation. Aortic regurgitation will increase the burden on the left ventricle. Severe regurgitation can also cause heart failure and eventually lead to sudden death. Tips: In fact, mild aortic regurgitation does not have a great impact on the human body. There are many mild regurgitation conditions that do not require treatment. Of course, this needs to be diagnosed by a doctor before deciding whether or not to be treated. . For patients with moderate to severe aortic regurgitation, it is more dangerous, especially for patients who have already experienced symptoms of discomfort and need timely treatment.

What happens if aortic regurgitation occurs?

Aortic regurgitation is common in aortic valve insufficiency, which has two major types of factors: physiological and pathological. Many people have aortic insufficiency from birth. This is congenital, but if there are no symptoms, there is no need for treatment. There are also some pathological causes of aortic regurgitation that require everyone’s attention. The diseases that can cause aortic regurgitation are usually: rheumatic heart disease, valve disease, bacterial endocarditis and other factors. It is necessary to find the cause and symptomatic treatment. Regarding the question of what happens to aortic valve regurgitation, we must first understand what is the aortic valve and what is its working mechanism? The aortic valve is located between the left ventricle and the aorta, and its main function is to inhibit the blood flow injected into the aorta from flowing back into the left ventricle. If aortic valve insufficiency occurs, it will cause aortic blood reflux to the left ventricle. We often say aortic regurgitation. Aortic regurgitation will increase the burden on the left ventricle. Severe regurgitation can also cause heart failure and eventually lead to sudden death. Tips: In fact, mild aortic regurgitation does not have a great impact on the human body. There are many mild regurgitation conditions that do not require treatment. Of course, this needs to be diagnosed by a doctor before deciding whether or not to be treated. . For patients with moderate to severe aortic regurgitation, it is more dangerous, especially for patients who have already experienced symptoms of discomfort and need timely treatment.

Psychology: Mom can’t change, daughter-in-law can change, what happens to the man who says this

Author: torment law relationship Liuying Ya, men say such words. 1. What happens to a man who can say such things? First of all, this kind of man’s heart is forced and helpless. But more importantly, he was a little alienated from the fucking relationship. He feels he owes the fuck. To put it in a high-sounding way, he was guilty, and to put it more truthfully, he did not fully accept his mother and his mother’s contribution. However, the mother’s love is always full of maternal love, how can it make the son feel owed and alienated? It must be this lack of maternal love. The so-called lack of maternal love means that the mother does not give unconditionally, and the mother subconsciously feels that she is “giving,” and the son benefits. You should recall that there will be some familiar storylines. On TV, the mother puts such a yoke on the child, how I did it for you, how did you do it. This is actually the mother’s lack of love. A sense of dedication, kidnapping. 2. There are many reasons for the lack of mother’s love. Sometimes the relationship with the father is also one of the problems. It is the absence of the father, a man in her life. Apart from having a child and coming back to enjoy the housewife’s dedication, there is no other article. And the giving and receiving in a partnership should be equal. With such an unbalanced giving, a woman will feel distressed and “heart failure”, and she will not complain about how to drag herself to give. But this hardship is often given to children, especially sons. If it’s a daughter, it’s another line or plot, or she doesn’t love her because she doesn’t love herself, or argues with her that a man is not a good thing. 3. Sons in marriages with insufficient stamina are inherently bad. If the life energy is not enough, the father will not give enough, and the mother will not give enough. Therefore, such a son is less likely to have enough vital energy to radiate outward to establish a good relationship. You let him roll up his wife like a tornado and love and show affection fiercely. It is impossible. He was feeling sad in a certain corner inside, how could a poor little boy be a strong man. Those who dare to talk about problems and deficiencies with mom and dad seem to have no honorifics on the surface, but in fact they may be ashamed of being loved. And when the man said this sentence: Mom can’t change, the wife can change the man. Deep down is not filial piety, but owe. Such a man is uncertain about the position in the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. Such a mother-in-law will certainly invade the relationship between her daughter-in-law and her daughter-in-law’s life. I am Liu Yingya, a psychological consultant. I use psychology to analyze love, marriage, family life and make intimate relationships a classroom for self-growth. Welcome to follow. Liu Yingya: Master of Psychology, National Level 2 Psychological Counselor. A researcher on the emotional family of both sexes in marriage and love, and a researcher on the growth of personal, physical and mental. More than ten years of psychology work, focusing on family relationships and personal growth. &nbsp.&nbsp.

With these symptoms, beware of ascites to “knock on the door”

   Abdominal effusion is a disease caused by pathological changes in certain organs of the body, such as heart failure, renal failure, liver failure, etc., which will cause a large amount of fluid to be produced in the abdominal cavity. The symptoms of abdominal effusion caused by different reasons are different, and there are also differences in treatment methods. Below, I will tell you what are the causes of ascites and what are the clinical symptoms.  Causes of ascites   Hepatogenic: Ascites caused by liver disease is called hepatogenic ascites, which is the main cause of ascites. Such as liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, liver cancer, etc.  Non-hepatic ascites: Heart failure and renal insufficiency are the most common ascites caused by non-hepatic ascites, as well as tuberculous peritonitis, pancreatitis, spread of cancer in other parts and so on. The clinical symptoms of peritoneal effusion The symptoms of peritoneal effusion caused by different causes are also different;    hepatobiliary disease caused by abdominal effusion is often accompanied by symptoms of abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and abdominal wall varicose veins, as well as a dull complexion and jaundice Symptoms such as, spider nevi, liver, etc.;    heart disease caused by abdominal effusion is often accompanied by cardiac dilatation, jugular vein dysfunction, cyanosis, splenomegaly, peripheral edema, precordial tremor, arrhythmia, heart valve murmur and other symptoms;    kidney Abdominal effusion caused by disease is often accompanied by symptoms such as pallor, edema, flushing, fever, and abdominal tenderness.

The man had frequent nocturia, and the doctor found out the cause: high blood pressure was caused by high blood pressure!

Mr. He, 48 years old, has a lot of nocturia recently. He feels he is not old yet. The prostate is not working. But when I went to the urology department, the problem is not big, but the urine routine test, urine protein (++), by the way Measure a blood pressure of 180/120mmHg, and then quickly transfer to the cardiology department. After turning around, we checked the kidney function and found that creatinine was more than 200 per catty, which was obvious renal insufficiency. After a comprehensive analysis, Mr. He also had high blood pressure for many years and had not been properly controlled. As a result, it has now led to hypertensive nephropathy. Insufficiency. 1. How can high blood pressure cause renal insufficiency? Hypertension and nephropathy are actually a pair of foes that affect each other. If long-term primary hypertension is not well controlled, it will cause damage to the structure and function of the kidney. Once the kidney function is abnormal, it will also increase blood pressure. The kidney itself filters toxins in the body, excretes excess water and sodium through urine, and prevents protein from leaking out of the blood vessels. High blood pressure increases the blood pressure in the blood vessels, causing protein to leak into the urine. Once the protein leaks, it will damage the kidney’s filter system. If hypertension is not well controlled for a long time, renal function damage will gradually appear, and the last serious stage is uremia. The prevalence of hypertension in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease in my country is 67.3%-71.2%, and the prevalence of hypertension in dialysis patients is as high as 91.7%. 2. If you have high blood pressure and these manifestations occur, then you must check your kidneys: 1. High blood pressure that is difficult to control because high blood pressure and kidney disease itself are a good friend. High blood pressure will cause poor kidneys, and poor kidneys will cause them High blood pressure, and blood pressure is not easy to control. 2. The increase in nocturia is not old, but there is more nocturia, followed by proteinuria (+ to ++). Some patients may have a small amount of red blood cell urine, and a small part will gradually develop into renal failure. Most of the kidney function is often young and impaired. Urine routine abnormalities. 3. Edema: Facial edema is more common, gradually showing generalized edema, acupressure depression, severe patients may have pleural effusion, ascites, when more pleural effusion, ascites can cause breathing difficulties, umbilical hernia or inguinal hernia. 4. Proteinuria: The quality of urine protein is mostly ++~++++, and the daily excretion of adult protein in urine is ≥3.5g/d, most of which are selective proteinuria. 5. Hypoalbuminemia: plasma protein decreases, serum albumin is less than 30g/L, and in severe cases is less than 10g/L. 6. Hyperlipidemia: blood cholesterol and triglycerides are significantly increased. 3. If kidney disease occurs, how much blood pressure is appropriate? In patients with chronic kidney disease and hypertension, drug antihypertensive treatment is started when high pressure ≥140mmHg or low pressure ≥90mmHg. When albuminuria is less than 30 mg/day, blood pressure is less than 140/90 mmHg; when albuminuria is 30 to 300 mg/d or higher, blood pressure is less than 130/80 mmHg, and those over 60 years old can be appropriately relaxed. Principles for the application of antihypertensive drugs in patients with chronic kidney disease: Pristine/sartan, dipine, lohr, diuretics, oxazine, etc. can all be used as the first choice. Mild renal insufficiency should include Pristine or Sartan, which not only has the effect of lowering blood pressure, but also reduces proteinuria, delays the decline of renal function, and improves the patient’s renal prognosis. After medication, the blood creatinine can still be used with caution when the blood creatinine is less than 30% higher than the baseline value. If it exceeds 30%, it can be considered to reduce or stop the drug. However, if the creatinine level is high or progressively rises, it cannot be used, which will aggravate renal insufficiency. Mr. He, although he has had renal insufficiency, he came relatively early. After active treatment, his condition is now under control. If kidney function deteriorates further, uremia may develop, requiring dialysis treatment twice a week. Not only requires hemodialysis twice a week, but also complications of various organs will eventually affect life span and lead to death. Once high blood pressure causes kidney disease, not only is it difficult to urinate, but if the condition gets worse, you have to go to the hospital for dialysis treatment twice a week. Living people can really suffocate their urine. It seems that controlling blood pressure is a matter of urination!

Heart mitral regurgitation, severe? How should it be treated? Cardiologist clearly

When many people go to the hospital to check the heart, they will be prompted after cardiac ultrasound: mitral valve insufficiency, or tricuspid valve insufficiency; or mitral valve stenosis, tricuspid valve stenosis, etc. results. So what do these mitral and tricuspid valves mean? 1. The mitral valve is a simple part of the heart. Our heart has two atria: the left atrium and the right atrium; the two ventricles: the left heart failure and the right ventricle; a door is needed between the left atrium and the left ventricle. The atrium is separated from the left ventricle, and this door is called the mitral valve. Between the right atrium and the right ventricle is the tricuspid valve. 2. What is the role of the mitral valve? The mitral valve is a “one-way valve” to ensure blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle unidirectionally. When the heart contracts, the blood in the left ventricle must be transported to the whole body. Let the blood of the left ventricle flow back to the left atrium. At this time, the mitral valve will be closed, blocking the passage of the left atrium and the left ventricle. When the heart contraction ends, that is, once the blood is delivered to the whole body, the left ventricle is empty. At this time, the heart relaxes, and the blood needs to be sent from the left atrium through the mitral valve into the left ventricle again. Open, successfully complete the left ventricular congestion, ready for the next heart contraction. This mitral valve is to prevent the blood from the left ventricle from flowing back to the left atrium. 3. Mitral valve insufficiency The normal function of mitral valve closure depends on the complete structure and normal function of the five parts of the valve leaflet, annulus, chordae, papillary muscle, and left ventricle. Any one of these five parts occurs Abnormal structure and function can cause mitral regurgitation. That is, when the mitral valve needs to be closed, the door cannot be completely closed, then the result is that when the heart is contracting, when the left ventricle supplies blood, part of the blood will return to the left atrium. Very mild mitral valve insufficiency, without any discomfort, can only be found when doing heart color Doppler ultrasound; Moderate mitral valve insufficiency, there may be some chest tightness, breathlessness, difficulty in breathing, etc.; poisoning mitral Valve insufficiency, especially acute mitral valve insufficiency, can be life-threatening. 4. The causes of mitral insufficiency There are many reasons for mitral insufficiency, which are roughly divided into chronic and acute onset. Chronic mitral valve insufficiency: 1. Rheumatic heart disease: after rheumatic fever, it can cause rheumatic heart disease, the mitral valve can not be closed gradually, the mitral valve insufficiency caused by rheumatic heart accounts for all mitral One third of patients with insufficiency of flaps are more common in men. 2. Congenital heart disease: dysplasia of heart during fetal period, abnormal mitral valve development, congenital malformation, and mitral valve insufficiency at birth. It is most commonly seen in endocardial cushion defects or corrected heart transposition; endocardial elastin fibrosis; parachute mitral valve deformity. 3. Degeneration in the elderly: As the age increases, the mitral valve will gradually age, and patients with severe aging will not normally close due to calcification, which is more common in elderly women. 4. Enlargement of the left ventricle When the left ventricle is enlarged, that is, the house is enlarged, the door is not changed, and naturally the door is not fully closed. 5. Other diseases There are also some diseases such as connective tissue diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.; hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy; ankylosing spondylitis and other diseases may cause incomplete mitral regurgitation. For patients with chronic mitral insufficiency, mild asymptomatic, can continue to observe, without medical treatment, medical treatment can not change mitral insufficiency. For those who have already developed symptoms or combined with heart failure, they need to be treated according to heart failure, heart failure, etc. to prevent the increase of heart failure. Acute mitral valve insufficiency Acute myocardial infarction often has some complications, such as rupture of tendon cord, necrosis of papillary muscle, etc., which will lead to acute mitral valve insufficiency, then it will lead to acute cardiac insufficiency, leading to acute left heart Fading, life-threatening. At this time, comprehensive rescue treatment is needed. For the mitral valve insufficiency that continues to worsen, surgical treatment is required to fundamentally resolve the mitral valve insufficiency. In short, when we finish the color Doppler ultrasound and find mitral regurgitation, we must first find the cause; and decide the next treatment plan, or observation, or medicine, or surgery according to the degree of mitral regurgitation. However, for the slow progress, mitral valve insufficiency that does not cause complications, and no need to be over-stressed, it is enough to regularly review the color Doppler ultrasound.

Heart disease symptoms suggest which type of heart disease

 The symptoms of heart disease suggest the possibility of heart disease. If there is a certain disease in the heart, the body will have a variety of abnormal symptoms. At this time, if people can find these symptoms, they should be highly alert to heart problems. If the heart has a lesion, there may be many body surface reflections, and people can be alerted from these body surfaces. These body surface reactions include:    Symptoms of heart disease-shortness of breath. During light activity and quietness, shortness of breath often occurs, but it is not accompanied by cough or sputum. This may be a manifestation of left heart insufficiency.   Symptoms of heart disease-a jugular vein engorgement stretches from the collarbone to the direction of the earlobe, such as the thickness of the little finger, mostly caused by right heart insufficiency.   Symptoms of heart disease-standing suddenly. When working or walking, due to a sudden attack of angina, he was forced to stop his activity, and at the same time he could involuntarily press the precardiac area with his hands until the pain eased before he could walk.   Symptoms of heart disease-obsessive squatting. Due to palpitations and wheezing, only squatting position can be relieved. This is a unique manifestation of cyanotic congenital heart disease, such as tetralogy of Fallot.   Symptoms of heart disease-special face. The face is pale and purple, and the expression is indifferent, which is a critical face of advanced heart disease; the face is dark gray, which is the characteristic of rheumatic heart disease mitral stenosis; if the face is pale, it may be a sign of incomplete mitral valve insufficiency .   Symptoms of heart disease-skin color changes. If it is chronic heart failure or advanced pulmonary heart disease, the skin is dark brown or dark purple, which is related to long-term hypoxia of the body tissues and reduced adrenal cortical function.  Children experience panic, shortness of breath, or purple lips when participating in activities such as running, climbing, and climbing stairs. Parents should be aware that the child may have congenital heart disease and heart failure may also occur at the same time. People of young age and other ages, shortly after catching a cold or diarrhea, appear panic and shortness of breath when walking, pulses of more than 100 times or less than 60 times per minute when they are calm, or appear to be inconsistent, should be alert to viral myocarditis . After falling asleep, suddenly appear chest tightness, shortness of breath and wake up, often sit up immediately, frequent coughing, wheezing, vomiting foamy or red foamy sputum, more common in hypertension heart disease, coronary heart disease or rheumatic heart disease, appeared Heart failure. After fatigue, cold stimulation, excessive drinking, and emotional excitement, the middle-aged and elderly people suddenly feel stuffy, squeezing, or colic in the precardiac area. Most of them are atherosclerosis of coronary arteries, and stenosis of the lumen. Caused by hypoxia. If the above symptoms are repeated or last for a long time, after taking heart pain, angina pectoris does not relieve after nitroglycerin tablets, you should be alert to myocardial infarction.  Chronic patients with chronic bronchitis, hypertension, anemia, etc., once the lower extremity edema and gradually rise, accompanied by symptoms such as palpitation, shortness of breath, difficulty in movement, it is likely that the heart has already been involved and chronic cardiac insufficiency has occurred.

Classical Moment-Doctor Haishu’s Rereading of Internal Classic-Hailun 0526

【Original】 Yellow Emperor said: What is the rebellion of the four seas? Qi Bo said: those who have more qi sea, full of qi in the chest, suffocated face red; lack of qi sea, less qi is not enough to say. When there is more blood in the sea, he often thinks that he is big, but he does not know what he is sick. If there is more sea in the valley of water, the belly is full; if there is insufficient sea in the valley of water, then hunger will not be fed. If the medullary sea is more than enough, it will be lighter and more forceful, and it will pass its own way; if the medullary sea is insufficient, the brain will turn to tinnitus, tibia acid dizziness, see nothing, lie down and lie down. Yellow Emperor said: Yu has heard the rebellion, what can he do? Qi Bo said: Judging Qi Yu and adjusting his truth and reality, without violating his harm, the one who succeeds will be regained, and the loser will lose. Huang Di said: Good. [Translation] Huang Di said: What is the normal and abnormal behavior of the world? Qi Bo said: Qihai evil qi is high, there will be chest fullness, shortness of breath, red face; lack of Qihai, shortness of breath will appear, weak speech. Blood sea evil qi is high, you will feel that your body is swollen, depressed, but do not know what is the disease; lack of blood sea, always feel that his body is small and depressed, but can not tell what disease. If the sea of ​​Mizutani is overheated, the abdomen will be full; if the sea of ​​Mizutani is insufficient, it will appear to be reluctant to eat even if you feel hungry. If the marrow sea is hyperactive, it will be manic and agitated, and its behavior will be light and agile, which can not be achieved on weekdays. If the marrow sea is insufficient, dizziness and tinnitus will appear, and the calves will be weak and weak. Drowsiness. Huang Di said: I already understand the normal and abnormal performance of the Four Seas, so how to treat and treat the abnormality in the Four Seas? Qi Bo said: You should carefully review and master the infusion site (acupuncture point) of Sihai, use acupuncture to adjust the treatment of Sihai ’s partial deficiency syndrome, supplement the deficiency syndrome, and avoid violating the deficiency syndrome. Empirical treatment principles of purgation. Being able to follow such treatment laws will make the human body healthy; against such treatment laws, the human body will be corrupted without help. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Haishu Press: Taking the sea of ​​marrow as an example, it is not uncommon in clinic, especially weak qi and blood, phlegm, liver and kidney deficiency, kidney yang deficiency Such cases are very common, especially for the elderly, and may develop Alzheimer’s disease, which is Alzheimer’s disease. Those with a family history can be older than 45 years old. It must be prevented in advance. After the black hole of memory, there is nothing you can do. Good morning [rose]

Renal insufficiency is far more serious than you think

Renal insufficiency is caused by a variety of reasons. In the final analysis, it is because the glomeruli are severely damaged, causing the body to have disordered clinical syndrome after excreting metabolic waste and regulating water electrolytes, acid-base balance, etc. It is divided into acute renal insufficiency and chronic renal insufficiency. The prognosis is severe and one of the major life-threatening illnesses. Patients with renal insufficiency who fail to discover their own condition in time or without timely treatment may cause renal failure or uremia. Therefore, patients with renal insufficiency should understand their condition and do not wait until renal failure occurs, otherwise they will miss early treatment.

The diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency and the practice of hawthorn kidney tea, the nutritionist informs

Chronic renal insufficiency is generally caused by various kidney diseases. The main pathophysiological changes of chronic renal insufficiency include excretion dysfunction, retention of nitrogen metabolites, imbalance of water and electrolyte metabolism, and disorder of acid-base balance. The clinical manifestations of chronic renal insufficiency are mainly uremia symptoms, which are caused by the accumulation of non-protein nitrogen in the blood, and acidosis and uremia can occur at the end of renal failure. Chronic renal insufficiency can generally control the occurrence of azotemia through diet. Reasonable diet therapy can prevent the development of the disease and facilitate the timely adoption of further medical measures. Diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency Note: Although patients with chronic renal insufficiency still need to add enough protein to update and repair the compensatory function of the kidneys. Chronic renal insufficiency patients with high-quality low-protein diets on the premise of providing sufficient calories can reduce the production of non-protein nitrogen, prevent the development of uremia, and ensure the intake of adequate vitamins and appropriate amounts of inorganic salts. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally adopt a low-salt diet. If urea exceeds the standard, it is necessary to limit protein intake according to the severity of the disease. At this time, the diet should try to use milk, eggs, fish, poultry, lean meat, etc. as the main source of protein, control the intake of low-physiological plant protein, and eat less rice and noodle staple food. In particular, legumes contain more non-essential amino acids, and food should be strictly restricted. Because patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally do not like greasy foods, you can eat more sugar to supplement the necessary calories. If the condition recovers, dietary protein should be increased, and normal diet should be restored as soon as possible. Hawthorn nourishing kidney tea has a certain effect of benefiting qi and dissipating water, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, and is suitable for the auxiliary conditioning of mild decline of chronic renal function. The method of hawthorn nourishing tea: take 10 grams of salvia miltiorrhiza, hawthorn and 6 grams of lotus seeds, wash the ingredients, put them in a teapot, brew with boiling water, and drink as appropriate.

The diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency and the practice of hawthorn kidney tea, the nutritionist informs

Chronic renal insufficiency is generally caused by various kidney diseases. The main pathophysiological changes of chronic renal insufficiency include excretion dysfunction, retention of nitrogen metabolites, imbalance of water and electrolyte metabolism, and disorder of acid-base balance. The clinical manifestations of chronic renal insufficiency are mainly uremia symptoms, which are caused by the accumulation of non-protein nitrogen in the blood, and acidosis and uremia can occur at the end of renal failure. Chronic renal insufficiency can generally control the occurrence of azotemia through diet. Reasonable diet therapy can prevent the development of the disease and facilitate the timely adoption of further medical measures. Diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency Note: Although patients with chronic renal insufficiency still need to add enough protein to update and repair the compensatory function of the kidneys. Chronic renal insufficiency patients with high-quality low-protein diets on the premise of providing sufficient calories can reduce the production of non-protein nitrogen, prevent the development of uremia, and ensure the intake of adequate vitamins and appropriate amounts of inorganic salts. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally adopt a low-salt diet. If urea exceeds the standard, it is necessary to limit protein intake according to the severity of the disease. At this time, the diet should try to use milk, eggs, fish, poultry, lean meat, etc. as the main source of protein, control the intake of low-physiological plant protein, and eat less rice and noodle staple food. In particular, legumes contain more non-essential amino acids, and food should be strictly restricted. Because patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally do not like greasy foods, you can eat more sugar to supplement the necessary calories. If the condition recovers, dietary protein should be increased, and normal diet should be restored as soon as possible. Hawthorn nourishing kidney tea has a certain effect of benefiting qi and dissipating water, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, and is suitable for the auxiliary conditioning of mild decline of chronic renal function. The method of hawthorn nourishing tea: take 10 grams of salvia miltiorrhiza, hawthorn and 6 grams of lotus seeds, wash the ingredients, put them in a teapot, brew with boiling water, and drink as appropriate.

The diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency and the practice of hawthorn kidney tea, the nutritionist informs

Chronic renal insufficiency is generally caused by various kidney diseases. The main pathophysiological changes of chronic renal insufficiency include excretion dysfunction, retention of nitrogen metabolites, imbalance of water and electrolyte metabolism, and disorder of acid-base balance. The clinical manifestations of chronic renal insufficiency are mainly uremia symptoms, which are caused by the accumulation of non-protein nitrogen in the blood, and acidosis and uremia can occur at the end of renal failure. Chronic renal insufficiency can generally control the occurrence of azotemia through diet. Reasonable diet therapy can prevent the development of the disease and facilitate the timely adoption of further medical measures. Diet and nutrition of patients with chronic renal insufficiency Note: Although patients with chronic renal insufficiency still need to add enough protein to update and repair the compensatory function of the kidneys. Chronic renal insufficiency patients with high-quality low-protein diets on the premise of providing sufficient calories can reduce the production of non-protein nitrogen, prevent the development of uremia, and ensure the intake of adequate vitamins and appropriate amounts of inorganic salts. Patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally adopt a low-salt diet. If urea exceeds the standard, it is necessary to limit protein intake according to the severity of the disease. At this time, the diet should try to use milk, eggs, fish, poultry, lean meat, etc. as the main source of protein, control the intake of low-physiological plant protein, and eat less rice and noodle staple food. In particular, legumes contain more non-essential amino acids, and food should be strictly restricted. Because patients with chronic renal insufficiency generally do not like greasy foods, you can eat more sugar to supplement the necessary calories. If the condition recovers, dietary protein should be increased, and normal diet should be restored as soon as possible. Hawthorn nourishing kidney tea has a certain effect of benefiting qi and dissipating water, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, and is suitable for the auxiliary conditioning of mild decline of chronic renal function. The method of hawthorn nourishing tea: take 10 grams of salvia miltiorrhiza, hawthorn and 6 grams of lotus seeds, wash the ingredients, put them in a teapot, brew with boiling water, and drink as appropriate.

Symptoms of aortic insufficiency

The onset of many heart diseases will not only affect the lives of patients, but also worry and fear the relatives of patients. Therefore, in the face of the torture of heart disease, we must encourage and support patients to receive scientific treatment, and we must also understand more about Medical knowledge about patients’ diseases can better help patients fight against diseases. · What is aortic valve insufficiency? This disease refers to the destruction of any one of the aortic valve annulus, aortic sinus, aortic valve leaflet, valve junction, and aortic sinus canal junction, resulting in poor closure of the aortic valve leaflet during diastole. The main influencing factors of late outcome after aortic valve insufficiency are still left ventricular cavity size and left ventricular function. Therefore, to attract the attention of patients and doctors, prognostic care conditioning is also very important. · Understanding the symptoms of aortic valve insufficiency Aortic valve insufficiency can be caused by aortic valve and annulus, as well as ascending aortic lesions. At present, male patients with the disease are more common, accounting for about 75%; but female patients with the disease are often accompanied by mitral valve disease. Among the chronically ill patients, the damage caused by rheumatic fever is the most common, which accounts for 2/3 of all patients with aortic insufficiency. Regarding the symptoms of aortic valve insufficiency, usually, patients with aortic valve insufficiency are asymptomatic for a long period of time, even if the obvious aortic valve insufficiency can be more than ten years until the obvious symptoms appear, once the heart power Failure, progress quickly. Therefore, we must keep in mind the following clinical symptoms of the disease to be alert to the sudden onset of the disease: ① syncope: When changing position rapidly, dizziness or dizziness may occur, and syncope is rare. ② Chest pain: Angina is less common than aortic valve stenosis. Chest pain may be caused by excessive stretching of the ascending aorta or significant enlargement of the heart during left ventricular ejection. There are also factors of myocardial ischemia. Occurs at rest and has a long duration, and has a poor response to nitroglycerin. The onset of nocturnal angina pectoris may be due to a further decrease in diastolic blood pressure due to a slower heart rate at rest, which reduces coronary blood flow. Those with abdominal pain may be related to visceral ischemia. ③ dyspnea: exertional dyspnea first appeared, indicating that the heart reserve capacity has been reduced, as the disease progresses, there may be end-to-end breathing and paroxysmal dyspnoea at night. ④ Palpitations: The discomfort of the heart beat may be the earliest complaint, due to the obvious enlargement of the left ventricle and the increase in apical beats, especially in the left or prone position. Emotional or physical activity causes tachycardia, or Ventricular premature beats can make palpitation more obvious. Due to the significant increase in pulse pressure, there are often strong arterial pulses in all parts of the body, especially the head and neck. ⑤Acute aortic valve insufficiency, due to the sudden increase in left ventricular volume load, increased wall tension, left ventricular expansion, acute left heart failure or pulmonary edema can occur quickly. ⑥Other symptoms: fatigue, significant decline in activity endurance, excessive sweating, especially when there is paroxysmal dyspnoea at night or angina pectoris at night, hemoptysis and embolism are rare, and liver congestion and swelling can occur in late right heart failure. There is tenderness, edema of the ankle, pleural effusion or ascites. The sudden death of many heart disease patients is not without cause. While we pay attention to the disease itself, we must also pay attention to the patient’s emotions and pressures, especially for heart disease patients. It is common sense not to be stimulated, so we work as family members and medical services People must deal with patients’ negative emotions and psychological stress.