Did you know that gout patients also have tips for eating kelp?

We all know that people with gout cannot eat seafood because most seafood is rich in purines. Can gout patients eat kelp? Kelp is rich in potassium, dietary fiber, and mannitol. They can change a person’s acidic body and promote the excretion of uric acid. Kelp is also an alkaline food and has a certain effect on relieving gout. However, although the purine content in kelp is lower than most seafood, it is still higher than ordinary vegetables and fruits. It is best not to consume too much for gout patients. When gout attacks, it is painful and unbearable, and it can also cause many complications. Therefore, in life, gout patients should strictly require their own diet, and the following “four points” should be implemented in the diet to prevent gluttony from causing high uric acid Lesions. 1. Control the total caloric energy intake Control the daily total caloric energy intake and eat less carbohydrates. In addition, eat less sucrose and honey, because they are high in fructose and will accelerate the production of uric acid. In vegetables, tender lentils, green broad beans, and fresh peas contain high levels of purines, so food should be restricted. 2. To limit protein intake, use milk, cheese, skimmed milk powder and eggs, which contain less purines. Try not to eat meat, poultry, and fish. If you must eat, you should boil the meat and discard the soup. This is because purine is easily soluble in water, and the content in the soup is high. Although soy products have high protein content, they should not be consumed by gout patients because they contain high purine content. For example, soybeans, tofu, dried tofu, etc. are forbidden. 3. Limit the intake of purine Purine is a component in the cell nucleus. As long as the food containing the cell contains purine, animal food contains more purine. Avoid or fast for high-purine foods such as animal offal, shrimp and crab, thick broth, edible fungus, seaweed, anchovies, sardines, clams, beans and beer. 4. Eat more alkaline foods such as vegetables, potatoes, fruits (green plums, lemons), etc., which can reduce the acidity of blood and urine. Polyphenol coffee, watermelon and wax gourd are not only alkaline foods, they are more beneficial to patients with gout. In summary, gout patients can eat kelp. Gout is a lifelong disease that can cause many complications. In addition to applying appropriate drugs under the guidance of a doctor, gout patients should also pay attention to the above points in their daily lives to stay away from gout.

Will anemia be dizzy?

For most people, the following seven points can be used as a dietary rehabilitation guide:    1. In order to ensure the supply of nutrition, patients with anemia must regularize their diet (3 meals a day are indispensable) and standardized (nutrition matching can not be forgotten). The staple food of rice or noodles, non-staple food of fish, meat, eggs, tofu, vegetables, etc., must be necessary for every meal.  Second, iron supplementation is undoubtedly one of the important links. Foods rich in iron include lean meat, liver, loach, oysters, egg yolks, soybeans, etc. Green vegetables also contain more iron. However, iron in plants is difficult to absorb, so it is wise to consume animal foods.   In addition, the use of cooking utensils is also particular, iron cooking utensils are far better than aluminum, stainless steel or enamel products.   Third, hemoglobin is formed by the combination of iron and globulin. In order to increase hemoglobin, patients with iron-deficiency anemia have to take adequate protein foods. For example, scrambled eggs with leeks not only have high iron intake, but also easy protein intake.   Fourth, animal liver has high iron and protein content, and is rich in vitamins and minerals. It can be regarded as a good medicine for treating anemia. However, some people find it difficult to accept the smell of the liver, and often squeeze out all the blood in the liver and wash it repeatedly, which is not advisable. It is the blood of the liver that contains richer nutrients. In order to reduce the smell, it can be cooked with onion, ginger and garlic.  V. Vitamin C can promote the absorption of iron. Foods rich in vitamin C are mainly raw vegetables and citrus fruits. Ingestion in moderate amounts can speed up the recovery of anemia.   6. The main problem that plagues anemia is loss of appetite. One of the effective ways is to drink some wine before meals, beer, wine, etc. Because a small amount of alcohol has an obvious appetizing effect.   Seven. There are tannins in coffee and tea. The tannins can be combined with iron to reduce the absorption rate of iron. Therefore, it is better not to drink or to drink less such beverages after meals.

What should patients with hypertension and kidney disease pay attention to in their diet?

1. Patients with high-quality protein and vitamin supplements should eat more foods rich in high-quality protein and vitamins in the diet, such as fish, eggs, lean meat, tofu and other soy products. Eat more vegetables and fruits rich in potassium, such as tomatoes, celery, zucchini, celery, mushrooms and various green leafy vegetables. These foods can play a very good role in the recovery of the patient’s condition. 2. Quit smoking and alcohol Patients with hypertension and kidney disease should quit smoking and alcohol during treatment, because the intake of tobacco and alcohol can cause damage to multiple organs of the heart, brain, and kidneys. 3. The normal diet of patients with salt restriction should be light, and eat less salty food. Eat less MSG, soy sauce, pickled products. Eat less cooked frozen foods such as sausages, beef sauce, roast chicken, canned foods and convenient fast food desserts, if the patient’s intake of too much salt will aggravate the patient’s edema symptoms. 4. Fat-limiting hypertensive nephropathy patients should limit the intake of fat, especially animal fat, which has high cholesterol and can accelerate arteriosclerosis, so patients should pay more attention to this point to prevent aggravating the disease.

Chronic leukemia rehabilitation guidance

Anemia in humans usually presents with palpitations, wheezing, headaches, and dizziness (especially standing vertigo). In addition, they are susceptible to ulcers, scabies, and respiratory infectious diseases, and their ability to adapt to changes in temperature is significantly reduced.  For most people, you can use the following seven points as a dietary rehabilitation guide:    1. In order to ensure the supply of nutrition, anemia patients must make their diet regular (three meals a day indispensable) and standardized (nourishment should not be forgotten). Rice or noodles as the staple food, fish, meat, eggs, tofu, vegetables, etc. as non-staple foods, must be required for every meal.   Second, iron supplementation is undoubtedly one of the important links. Foods rich in iron include lean meat, liver, loach, oysters, egg yolk, soybeans, etc. Green vegetables also contain more iron. However, iron in plants is difficult to be absorbed, so it is wise to ingest animal foods.   In addition, the use of cooking utensils is also particular, iron cookware is far better than aluminum, stainless steel or enamel products.   3. Hemoglobin is made of iron and globulin. In order to increase hemoglobin, patients with iron deficiency anemia have to ingest protein foods. For example, scrambled eggs with leeks, not only high iron intake, but also easy protein intake.   Fourth, the animal liver is high in iron and protein content, is still rich in vitamins and minerals, can be considered a good medicine for the treatment of anemia. However, some people find it difficult to accept the smell of the liver, and often squeeze all the blood from the liver and wash it repeatedly, which is undesirable. It is the blood of the liver that contains more nutrients. In order to reduce the smell, it can be cooked with onion, ginger and garlic.   Fifth, vitamin C can promote the absorption of iron, foods rich in vitamin C are mainly raw vegetables and citrus fruits, moderate intake, can accelerate the recovery of anemia.   6. The main problem that troubles anemia is loss of appetite. One of the effective ways is to drink some wine before the meal, beer, wine and so on. Because a small amount of alcohol has obvious appetizing effect.   Seven. There are tannin in coffee and tea. Tannin can be combined with iron to reduce the absorption rate of iron. Therefore, it is better not to drink or drink less of such drinks after a meal.

Expectant mothers guard against pre-eclampsia in late pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia is caused by the development of hypertension accompanied by proteinuria or edema after 20 weeks of pregnancy and within one week of delivery. Formerly known as toxemia of pregnancy, it is a more complex disease that affects 5% to 8% of pregnant women. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that due to the weakness of the pregnant woman’s visceral qi, coupled with pregnancy, resulting in insufficient essence and blood, liver yang is prosperous, and hyperactivity is affected. If the expectant mother has proteinuria, obvious concave edema of the feet and calves, and does not resolve after pregnancy, symptoms of pregnancy-induced hypertension and headache, dizziness, vomiting, upper abdominal discomfort, visual impairment or blood pressure systolic blood pressure of 160 mm mercury Above the column (21.3 kPa), it means that convulsions may occur at any time. At this time, you must be vigilant and enter the hospital as soon as possible to prevent eclampsia. Mild preeclampsia should consume the normal amount of salt and increase water intake. Patients should be mainly bedridden and lying on the left side to increase dietary fiber intake to increase renal output and reduce intravascular dehydration and blood concentration. The most important treatment for severe eclampsia is bed rest, controlling blood pressure and preventing cramps, and can be induced if necessary. Because the cause is unknown, the treatment before delivery is mainly to relieve symptoms, and the main drug is magnesium sulfate. Morphine is contraindicated in women in labor (because it can be excreted through the breast and distributed to the placenta, which can inhibit the breathing of newborns and infants), 5% sugar saline is available, and it is best to use a balanced solution (Lactated Ringer’s Injection). The traditional Chinese medicine treatment method is: people with kidney yin deficiency and liver vigour are common, those with dizziness, palpitation, night sleep and dreams, and increased blood pressure, liver and kidney should be nourished, liver and kidney yang, calm liver and yang, use hook rat soup (” “Guidelines for the treatment of syndromes”: Eucommia, Achyranthes bidentata, Chrysanthemum, Scutellaria baicalensis, Mulberry parasite, Paeonia lactiflora, Gastrodia, Uncaria, Cicada retreat). If yin damage and yang, spleen and kidney yang deficiency and edema occur, spleen and dampness should be used to reduce swelling Use Fuling Daoshui Decoction. If the liver is stagnation and heat, and the mouth is bitter and dry and dizzy, it is advisable to clear the heat and calm the liver and Qianyang.

How to care for rheumatoid arthritis?

Every patient with rheumatoid arthritis will have an experience, that is, after rheumatoid arthritis, the movement of joints is not very flexible, which affects the quality of life and happy mood of patients. The editor here tells you how to care for rheumatoid arthritis. (1) Eat easily digestible foods. The cooking method should be light and refreshing. Eat spicy, greasy and cold foods. (2) Eat more appetizing foods such as jujube, barley, etc., especially barley has the effect of dehumidifying and removing wind, cooking barley porridge or cooking with green beans is a good choice. (3) Reduce the intake of fat as much as possible. The caloric source should be mainly sugar and protein. If the weight exceeds the standard, gradually lose weight. (4) If the body is hot, eat more green beans, watermelon and other foods. If it is cold, you should eat sheep or beef, but the intake should not be too much. (5) If you take aspirin, you must take the medicine after meals, because this medicine is easy to cause stomach damage, and it is easy to cause iron-deficiency anemia. (6) Appropriate supplementation of vitamins A, C, D, E or mineral foods containing calcium, iron, copper, zinc, selenium, etc., to enhance the immunity of the group and prevent tissue oxidation or anemia. (7) If you take steroids, it is easy to cause an increase in appetite, sodium retention and osteoporosis, so you need to control food intake to avoid rapid weight gain, and seasonings and processed foods with high salt content should be eaten as much as possible. Ingest calcium-containing foods such as skim milk and traditional tofu. (8) Reduce bed time for a long time, and should not be violent during exercise. You can choose to sit or stay in bed for exercise. If you are in a sitting position, you can straighten your right leg, and lift your lower leg and foot upwards, more than 30 cm above the ground, and then put it down after 5 seconds. The left foot repeats the same action. You can do it several times a day. Load is the principle. The editor reminds you that rheumatoid arthritis is harmful and has a long course of disease. If you unfortunately suffer from this disease, you must find a regular specialist hospital for treatment.

Genetics, stress, eating habits cause hair loss?

Langzhongtianxia & nbsp. Yimei Taohuayuan Academy When you hear the word “hair loss”, you may feel that there is something wrong, but in fact hair loss is normal. We lose about 50-100 hairs on average every day, and after a normal hair growth cycle, the hair will naturally grow and grow new hair. When the hair is abnormally excessively lost, or the new hair grows slowly, the normal hair loss rate is faster than the new hair growth rate, and the hair will gradually become thinner, causing “hair loss”. The causes of hair loss & nbsp. There are many causes of hair loss. Most men’s hair loss problems are affected by family genetics. Other possible causes of hair loss include: 1. Long-term patients suffering from certain diseases such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, and immune system disorders. 2. The scalp is infected by mold or damaged skin. 3. Take certain drugs such as anticancer drugs, blood pressure lowering drugs or antidepressants. 4. Receive radiation therapy. 5. Mental stress or emotional tension. 6. Eating habits lead to malnutrition such as lack of protein or iron, and even diet. Wait … And today I will mainly discuss the relationship between diet and hair health, which can help hair growth and prevent hair loss. If you have any questions about the above causes, you should seek a doctor’s diagnosis as soon as possible and make appropriate treatment. Because after the disease is usually cured, most of the hair loss will return to normal. The normal hair growth cycle is divided into three stages, the first is the growth period, as the name suggests is the period of rapid hair growth, about 80 to 90% of the hair is at this stage. During this period, the hair grows continuously, and the hair follicle cells need different nutrients to continuously produce new hair. Therefore, our diet will affect the quality and health of hair growth. The second stage is the fading period; the last is the resting period, the hair follicles will grow new hair again, replacing the old hair. This hair cycle continues to cycle, so it always needs a lot of nutrition to support it. A balanced diet and a variety of food patterns can effectively maintain or improve hair health. Among them, certain nutrients are especially important for healthy, strong hair. & nbsp. 1. Nutrients & nbsp. 1. Protein Hair is made of keratin protein. Long-term lack of protein or malnutrition can cause hair loss and affect hair quality, making hair thinner, lacking luster, dry, and easy to fall off. It may also affect the hair color. The more common causes are alcoholism, eating disorders or dieting. However, there is not yet enough evidence to prove that a certain amino acid or protein can be particularly effective against hair loss. 2. The problem of iron hair health or hair loss is related to how much iron is taken in the diet. It may be caused by insufficient iron intake or even anemia. The hair follicle cells divide rapidly when the hair grows, and the cells divide or When making DNA, iron is needed to help the body’s proteases work, so lack of iron may have a great impact on hair growth or health. 3. Biotin & nbsp. (Biotin) & nbsp., Also known as vitamin B7, has been clinically proven to lack biotin and cause hair loss, but in fact this is not common, because our intestines can make enough biotin. Biotin assists the body’s proteases. If there is a related congenital genetic disease, regular use of antibiotics or regular intake of large amounts of raw protein, it will affect the normal biotin absorption, resulting in insufficient intake. Unless it is the above problem, there is no research to confirm that biotin health products can effectively prevent or reduce hair loss. 4. Zinc deficiency of zinc will affect the health of hair, make the hair brittle, and cause hair loss. The role of zinc is to help the growth and repair of hair tissues, help other nutrients play a role, but also maintain the secretion of oil in the hair follicles, so that the hair remains moist and smooth. Lack of zinc may be related to cancer, pregnancy, medicine or vegetarian diet. Zinc is more important because the body does not store zinc, but must be continuously consumed in the diet. If enough zinc is taken, the problem of hair loss may be resolved and returned to normal. Other nutrients, such as selenium, essential fatty acids, vitamin D, vitamin E, folic acid, etc., support the data that can prevent hair loss. & nbsp. 2. Food & nbsp. 5. Eggs Eggs are rich in protein and are easily absorbed by the body. Eggs also contain a small amount of iron. 6. Meat provides rich protein

Does respiratory disease have such a big relationship with the kidneys?

Acceptance means storage and acceptance. Kidney dominates qi, which means that the kidney has the physiological function of taking in the inhaled lungs and preventing the superficial breathing. Although the body’s breathing is controlled by the lungs, Chinese medicine believes that the normal function of breathing is also closely related to the kidneys. The specific performance is that the clear air inhaled by the lung must reach the kidney and be absorbed by the kidney, so as to maintain the smooth and deep breathing movement, so as to ensure the normal exchange of gas inside and outside the body. The breath in and out of the air, although mainly in the lungs, is rooted in the kidneys. Kidney qi is sufficient, so lung qi is inflated. Conversely, kidney qi deficiency can not help lungs inhale, and the patient will have more breathing and less breathing, and there is a feeling that inhalation cannot reach Dantian. Whether it is kidney qi deficiency, powerless intake, air levitation, chronic lung qi deficiency, chronic illness and kidney, it will cause kidney qi dysfunction, appear superficial breathing, or breathe more or less, and then move Pathological manifestations such as asthma are called & quot.kidney not gas & quot .. Kidney cough first saw “Internal Classic”. “Su Wen · Ku Lun” said: “The symptoms of kidney cough, cough is caused by pain in the lower back, and even coughing saliva.” Because the kidney hides the yin and yang, the qi and yin of the lung are derived from the kidney and its meridians Qi is connected with meridians, so the deficiency of yin and yang of the kidneys often affects the lungs, and the qi of the kidneys can dry the lungs, causing the lungs to lose their lungs and cough. People cough, not only lungs “. Explain that the occurrence of cough is not only closely related to the lungs, but also related to multiple organs. Among them, the cough caused by kidney disease and lung gold is called kidney cough. “Confucian affiliation, coughing six qi without restraining cold,” pointed out: “Cough troubles, kidney qi is also inverse.” The kidney pulse runs through the spine, the back, and the liver and spleen. “Lingshu · Bin Shun” said: “Shaoyin belongs to the kidney, and the kidney is connected to the lung.” The kidney is connected to the meridian of the lung and is closely related. In terms of function, the kidney is responsible for qi, the lungs breathe, the kidney is the basis of qi, and the lung is the main qi. When the two functions are coordinated, the breathing is normal. Because the lungs and kidneys are closely related physiologically, they must influence each other in pathology. “Yuan Guan · Cough On Treatment” pointed out: “The lungs are golden and the night lying is hidden in the kidney water. Today, because the lungs are affected by the fire of the heart, they want to avoid the water, but the kidney water is not dry, there is no fire. It is admissible to return to the disease. “Therefore, kidney disease can affect the lungs and cause coughing. From a clinical point of view, most of the occurrence of kidney cough is due to weak congenital endowment and acquired desires, such as excessive wine color, early marriage of young people, overwork, or loss of recuperation after serious illness and long-term illness, resulting in depletion of kidney essence.

Are kidney patients afraid of high creatinine? Doctor: This way can reduce creatinine!

When creatinine reaches a certain index, it will cause uremia, and creatinine is too high, which largely means that kidney function has declined. So avoiding elevated creatinine is the common goal of nephrologists and kidney friends. What is blood creatinine? Creatinine is a product of muscle metabolism in the human body. 20g of muscle will metabolize 1mg of creatinine, including blood creatinine and urine creatinine. Among them, blood creatinine is more meaningful to measure renal function. Nephropathy patients often say that high creatinine refers to high blood creatinine. Creatinine is a small molecular substance that can be filtered through the glomeruli and is rarely absorbed in the renal tubules. Almost all of the creatinine produced in the body is excreted with urine and is generally not affected by urine output. When renal dysfunction occurs, creatinine accumulates in the body and becomes harmful to the human body. What does creatinine level mean for the kidneys? When the kidney is only inflamed, creatinine will be higher than 106μmol / L; when the kidney has renal insufficiency, creatinine will be higher than 186μmol / L; when kidney has renal failure, creatinine will be higher than 451μmol / L; when creatinine is higher than 707μmol / L, the kidney enters the end stage of renal insufficiency, also known as uremia. Due to the strong compensatory function of the kidney, under normal circumstances, when the glomerular damage reaches more than 60%, the rapid increase of creatinine will occur only when the kidney excretory waste has a certain obstacle. Therefore, there is no very sensitive response to the early renal function damage. If creatinine is already significantly higher than normal, it often means that the damage to kidney function is already very serious. Decreased creatinine, which means that kidney function is restored? In the absence of complete loss of kidney filtration function, blood creatinine will also decrease if creatinine is produced less. Therefore, the decline in creatinine is not necessarily a recovery of kidney function, it may also be because you have not eaten meat for a long time, and have not exercised for a long time … Do n’t be discouraged, this at least shows that your kidney function is stable. The index of blood creatinine only reflects the concentration of creatinine in the blood, and does not strictly reflect the situation of renal function. Therefore, do n’t panic if creatinine rises, and relax when creatinine drops. Let ’s first check the reason for the change in creatinine. What medicine should I use to lower creatinine? Let me talk about it first. There are no drugs that can directly reduce creatinine … but it is. Even though many drugs that are indicated for creatinine lowering therapy are “selling sheep’s meat”, they cannot completely solve the problem of increased creatinine. Creatinine is mainly excreted by the kidneys, and a small part can pass through the intestines. Some creatinine-lowering drugs promote excretion through the intestine, and the effect can be imagined. If the treatment of nephropathy only wants to reduce the creatinine index, rather than solving the problem of nephropathy that causes creatinine from the root cause, the treatment is the ultimate inversion! Uremia will also approach you quickly. Realizing the reduction of creatinine will either cure the kidney disease or keep the condition stable and the kidney function is guaranteed. The key to human language is the treatment of kidney disease, rather than staring at creatinine indicators. What are the causes of increased creatinine? 1 Loss of water in the body, such as fever, sweating, decreased drinking water, and polyuria can cause blood concentration, decreased renal blood flow, and increased creatinine. 2 It is difficult to rest in life and not pay attention to the details of life. It can also cause a certain range of elevated blood creatinine. 3 People who have abnormal urine for a long period of time have hematuria and proteinuria. If the kidney damage is to a certain extent, the phenomenon of elevated creatinine will occur unknowingly. Patients with kidney disease who take drugs that damage the kidneys under unknown circumstances can have elevated or even irreversible creatinine. 4. People with renal insufficiency will have a short-term rise in creatinine when they are infected (including colds, pneumonia, intestinal infections, urinary tract infections, etc.). In patients with hypertension, blood pressure is unstable, and creatinine will be high. In patients with kidney disease, creatinine increases due to relapse. Let’s take a look at the daily diet. What are the ways to reduce creatinine? 1 Control the intake of salt. In the case of high creatinine, kidney function damage is serious, and salt intake needs to be strictly controlled. Usually you must pay attention to avoid the intake of invisible salt, you can try alternate methods such as unsalted breakfast and low-salt breakfast. If the patient has high blood pressure, severe edema, heart failure and other serious conditions, salt should be strictly restricted. 2 Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables with high creatinine, especially foods rich in vitamin B2, vitamin A and vitamin C. 3 Intake of high-quality protein In order to avoid further deterioration of renal function, attention should be paid to reduce the burden on the kidneys, so to control the total amount of protein intake, you should choose a high-quality protein diet. 4

Is there any natural abortion medicine? What should I do if I accidentally ingest harmful food?

& nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. On the Internet, there are often popular science articles that introduce what pregnant mothers should eat during pregnancy and what needs attention. In some articles, the title of the article is sensational in order to attract the crowd. Such as natural fetal medicine, natural tire slipping thing, pregnant women are careful not to eat! It seems that there are some “killers” hidden in the food world. If the pregnant woman accidentally eats it, the fetus will abort. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. Actually, there are no natural medicines for falling tires and tires. Pregnant women are just like ordinary people, as long as they can eat food that ordinary people can eat. There are two premises, one is healthy food, such as coffee, strong tea, tobacco and alcohol, don’t get it. Second, don’t overdose. Take crabs, for example, many people say that they will fall off after eating, but no one will have abortions if they eat crabs. As long as the amount is controlled, a balanced diet will be fine. Pregnant women do n’t scare themselves. upset. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. There are some pregnant women, so be careful. During pregnancy, as long as you eat some harmful food, you worry about whether it will have a bad effect on the fetus and cause deformities. In normal days, some pregnant women consulted me about some problems. The most common problem is this: Little Red Sister, I did n’t hold back tonight and ate a spicy hot pot and drank a little wine. How to do? I regret to die, will it affect the fetus? My answer is usually: Do n’t worry, the fetus in your stomach is fine and will not be affected. Someone said: Little Red Sister, is your answer irresponsible? After eating these harmful foods, how can it have no effect on the fetus? The first thing to say is that, during pregnancy, if a pregnant woman consumes harmful or unhelpful food, it will affect the fetus. However, aside from the dose, not to mention the frequency and the harm, it is all a hooligan. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. For example, we all know that coffee and cola drinks are not nutritious drinks. However, if these drinks want to affect the fetus in the stomach, pregnant women may have to drink dozens or even hundreds of bottles to achieve the dose. Similarly, some pregnant women, after eating a spicy crayfish, drank a little wine, and even smoked second-hand smoke for a minute, began to worry. In fact, it does not matter. These harmful substances are taken in small doses by the human body. After digestion and decomposition of the digestive organs of pregnant women, the harmful substances can no longer constitute damage to the fetus. What’s more, the placenta that connects the mother and the fetus also serves as a good barrier. It will actively shield some harmful substances from entering the fetal body. Of course, pregnant women should remember that the intake of such harmful foods can only be an occasional minority, not frequently, and again and again, after all, the fetus is fragile and cannot always resist these harmful substances. . Therefore, pregnant mothers and dads, if they occasionally consume some harmful foods, don’t worry too much, just remember, next time you don’t need to do this, there is no need to blame yourself too much. To be full of positive mentality, enjoy special pregnancy time, maintain a healthy mentality, balanced nutrition, good living habits, pregnant mothers will safely pass the pregnancy period.

Do you understand acute kidney injury? Who is prone to acute kidney injury?

Acute kidney injury refers to a clinical syndrome that occurs due to rapid decline in renal function caused by various diseases. It is manifested by a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, accompanied by the retention of nitrogenous wastes such as creatinine and urea nitrogen, water, electrolytes and acids. Alkali balance is disturbed, and in severe cases, systemic complications of uremia can occur. What kind of people are prone to acute kidney injury? 1 Old people (1) With age, renal blood flow gradually decreases, creatinine clearance rate decreases by about 10% every 10 years, and impaired renal function makes the elderly suffer from ischemia and toxin damage. More sensitive; (2) Factors such as susceptible sodium loss in the elderly and decreased concentration and dilution function of the kidney increase the incidence of dehydration and insufficient capacity, which can easily lead to acute kidney injury; (3) The elderly have poor immune function and various organ functions Decline, often coexist with multiple diseases. 2 When the volume is insufficient, severe diarrhea, vomiting, burns, etc. lead to a decrease in systemic volume, renal blood perfusion also decreases, and the kidney itself is already in a dangerous environment of ischemia and hypoxia. Kidney damage. 3 Chronic kidney disease Patients with a foundation of chronic kidney disease have an increased susceptibility to risk factors for kidney injury. 4 Surgery patients such as severe heart valve disease (rheumatic mitral stenosis, etc.), congenital heart disease, severe coronary artery disease and other patients who require heart surgery. A number of studies have shown that advanced age, longer intraoperative extracorporeal circulation, heart valve replacement combined with coronary artery bypass surgery, preoperative renal dysfunction, combined hypertension, combined diabetes, and the use of preoperative contrast agents are acute after cardiac surgery. Independent risk factor for kidney injury. 5 Diabetes patients Diabetes patients often have complications such as atherosclerosis, and renal arteries can also be involved, resulting in poor renal blood flow perfusion. Therefore, diabetic patients are also at high risk of acute kidney injury. 6 Patients with malignant tumors have low body immune function and increased susceptibility to risk factors for kidney injury. 7 Severe anemia patients with severe anemia, the kidney is also in a state of relative ischemia and hypoxia, increased sensitivity and susceptibility to renal toxicity factors and injury. 8 People with more than one kind of drugs have become a high-risk group for acute kidney injury due to the long-term toxic and side effects of taking a certain drug, allergic reactions to drugs, and the interaction between multiple drugs. Take medication under guidance. How to adjust the diet of acute kidney injury? 1 Maintain body fluid balance during oliguria, patients are prone to excessive water load. The patient’s weight, blood pressure, cardiopulmonary symptoms and signs should be closely observed, and the patient’s 24-hour fluid intake and discharge should be strictly calculated. When rehydrating, follow the principle of “measure what you get”. Daily fluid volume = dominant fluid loss + non-dominant fluid loss-endogenous water volume. Excessive water restriction or insufficient fluid replacement will aggravate the ischemic kidney injury. Excessive fluid replacement may cause acute pulmonary edema or cerebral edema. The indicators for measuring the amount of fluid replenishment are: no signs of edema or dehydration under the skin; no daily weight gain. Patients with acute kidney injury can choose to take fresh juice, plum soup and so on. 2 Patients with enough carbohydrates have limited fluid intake during the anuria or oliguria. Usually give 100-150 grams of glucose per day (or intravenous infusion of 20% glucose solution 500 ml); patients who can take oral, 300 grams of glucose in divided doses per day, which is of great benefit in reducing ketosis and reducing protein breakdown. If the patient does not undergo dialysis treatment, the intake of protein, water, sodium, and potassium should be strictly controlled during the urination period. The main food is wheat starch, 20-30 grams each time, 30 grams of sucrose and 200 ml of water to make a paste, 3 per day -5 times. 3 to correct abnormal blood potassium oliguria or anuria is often prone to hyperkalemia, should control daily potassium intake, chayote, zucchini, winter melon are good low potassium food ingredients. The sodium intake should be controlled at 500 mg / day, rather than less. During the polyuria period, potassium supplementation is appropriate. In addition to intake of potassium-rich fruits and vegetables (potatoes, bananas, etc.), it is best to take potassium chloride 2-3 grams / day orally; and for every 1000 ml of urine excreted, supplement sodium chloride 3 grams (2 grams of sodium bicarbonate), add salt supplement appropriately. 4. Control protein intake. The daily calories required during the oliguric or anuria period of acute kidney injury should be mainly supplied by carbohydrates and fats. Protein intake should be controlled at 0.5-0.8 g / kg body weight per day, with high-quality protein as the mainstay. High catabolism acute kidney injury should be high calorie nutrition intake, daily supply of 30-40 kcal / kg body weight, and can appropriately relax protein intake.

Will you get diabetes if you eat too much sugar?

Many people think that eating too much sugar can easily lead to diabetes. In fact, in theory, the cause of diabetes, eating too much sugar will cause diabetes. But on another level, eating too much sugar will lead to overnutrition, which will lead to obesity and excess body weight after obesity. It is a very important factor in the onset of diabetes. The occurrence of diabetes is related to genetic factors and environmental factors. Under the long-term joint action of these two factors, the body may have insufficient insulin secretion or dysfunction and cause diabetes. There is no clear correlation between the intake of sugar alone and the occurrence of diabetes, so it is not that you will get diabetes if you eat more sugar. As long as the pancreatic function can be compensated, diabetes will not occur. However, excessive sugar intake may cause excessive calorie intake and increase the burden of pancreatic islet function. Excessive sugar will also be converted into fat, which makes people obese, and subsequently insulin resistance, which becomes the cause of diabetes One, over time, diabetes occurs when pancreatic function is not compensated. Excessive consumption of various foods may produce the same result. Therefore, it cannot be said that eating too much sugar will definitely lead to diabetes, but excessive sugar intake has a certain effect on the formation of diabetes. Therefore, it is recommended that the intake of sugar should be controlled within a reasonable range. Do not overeat sweets or foods with high sugar content, which will help reduce the probability of diabetes. The causes of diabetes are more complicated, including the following aspects: 1. Heredity: Some patients have a genetic background, and genetic factors are important factors in the development of diabetes; 2. Diet: more carbohydrate intake; 3. Exercise: less exercise is also likely to cause Diabetes; 4. Metabolic abnormalities: Excessive weight and obesity can increase the incidence of diabetes; 5. Comprehensive factors: improper lifestyle such as staying up late, use of special drugs (such as hormones), and endocrine diseases cause diabetes. The typical symptoms of diabetes are “three more and one less”, namely polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia and weight loss. Diabetes is a clinically common metabolic disease, mainly characterized by increased blood glucose in the body. The fasting blood glucose of normal people is between 3.9-6.1mmol / l. When the fasting blood glucose is greater than 7.0mmol / l or the blood glucose at 2 hours after a meal is greater than 11.1mmol / l, diabetes can be diagnosed. In patients with diabetes, due to increased blood sugar in the body, the osmotic pressure in the body will increase, resulting in polyuria due to osmotic diuresis, which in turn causes the patient to thirst and drink more; due to impaired glucose utilization by peripheral tissues, the body will It will increase the breakdown of fat and protein to supply functions, so it will gradually see weight loss, fatigue, children’s growth and development disorders, etc .; because the sugar in the body is discharged as urine sugar, the patient cannot absorb enough energy to maintain the body’s needs, so Patients are hungry and eat more. Therefore, the clinical manifestations of diabetes are often described as “three more and one less”. In addition, high blood sugar is also prone to secondary infections, and some patients will have skin itching, especially external itching is common. High blood sugar will also change the osmotic pressure of aqueous humor, and patients will have symptoms of blurred vision.

Summer is coming, be wary of this kind of food, one can be poisoned!

Conch is a very common snack in the spring and summer of coastal areas, especially in the hot summer. Many people like to eat barbecue at the beach food stall, and then pair with Shanghai snails, beer and side dishes. . However, we know that there are many types of conch. Due to their special shape and thick shell, it is very troublesome to handle. Many small shop owners do not necessarily deal with it cleanly to save trouble. The accidental ingestion of toxic conch occurs from time to time. If you eat toxic Conch, what should we do? Can the snail be eaten? Is it toxic? There are many aliases for textured snails, such as conch shells, sea lion shells, etc., which are shaped like cones, similar in size to fingernails, about 1 cm long, about 0.5 cm wide, and have a pointed and slender tail. With 1-3 purple-brown or red-yellow snails, the flesh is light yellow. Experts said that a significant feature of textured snails is that when the screw mouth is directed against you, you can see that the thread is counterclockwise, while the edible snails are clockwise. Woven snails are mainly distributed near reefs and sandy bottoms in coastal areas of Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong, and are a favorite food of many local villagers. According to relevant information, the snails are not toxic themselves, but due to their long-term ingestion of toxic algae toxins, they have gradually accumulated a large amount of neuroanaesthetic toxins during their growth. In recent years, with the pollution of the marine environment Aggravation, frequent red tides, and increased toxicity of “Shifang Hatoxin” in the snails, the food poisoning caused by it is mainly paralytic shellfish toxin, similar to pufferfish toxin, toxins cause nerve paralysis symptoms, and the mortality rate is relatively high. high. After testing, a very small textured snail may cause death. Because its toxins are stable to heat, no matter whether it is boiled at high temperature or salted in the sun, their toxins cannot be eliminated. Therefore, the snails are not edible, and their toxins are more powerful than arsenic. What should I do if I accidentally swallow the snails? If we eat snails by mistake, it usually occurs within 5 minutes to 4 hours. In the early stage of poisoning, the diners will show numbness of the lips, tongue and fingertips, drooping eyelids, and stomach discomfort, nausea and vomiting may also occur in the near future. Diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, more severe limb weakness, muscle paralysis and even breathing difficulties and unconsciousness. Therefore, when the above symptoms appear, go to the hospital in time to explain the situation and receive treatment. Because the toxins of snails are neurotoxins, there are no special drugs so far. Hospitals generally adopt methods such as vomiting, excretion, and gastric lavage to speed up the excretion of toxins and reduce the absorption of toxins. Specific first-aid treatment methods: vomiting, gastric lavage, catharsis; oxygen inhalation, infusion, large amounts of vitamin C and vitamin B group application; glucocorticoids are added when the condition is serious; tracheal intubation is used for respiratory depression; symptomatic support treatment. Conclusion Woven snails are not easy to discern, especially for people who eat less often, the risk of eating is greater. Therefore, in our daily life, we should pay more attention to the joy of tongue and mouth, and we must be more vigilant. If we feel unwell after eating snail products, we should go to the hospital in time. In addition to reminding this venomous snail that this poisonous snail cannot be eaten this summer, because the epidemic of the new coronavirus is still not over, special reminders are needed. Try not to have dinner, eat less game, and use actual actions to make your own contribution to the prevention and control of the epidemic! (Some of the pictures in the article are from the source network. The copyright belongs to the original author. Thank you for the picture author. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

Still afraid of high creatinine? Doctor: This way can reduce creatinine!

When creatinine reaches a certain index, it will cause uremia, and creatinine is too high, which largely means that kidney function has declined. So avoiding elevated creatinine is the common goal of nephrologists and kidney friends. What is blood creatinine? Creatinine is a product of muscle metabolism in the human body. 20g of muscle will metabolize 1mg of creatinine, including blood creatinine and urine creatinine. Among them, blood creatinine is more meaningful to measure renal function. Nephropathy patients often say that high creatinine refers to high blood creatinine. Creatinine is a small molecular substance that can be filtered through the glomeruli and is rarely absorbed in the renal tubules. Almost all of the creatinine produced in the body is excreted with urine and is generally not affected by urine output. When renal dysfunction occurs, creatinine accumulates in the body and becomes harmful to the human body. What does creatinine level mean for the kidneys? When the kidney is only inflamed, creatinine will be higher than 106μmol / L; when the kidney has renal insufficiency, creatinine will be higher than 186μmol / L; when kidney has renal failure, creatinine will be higher than 451μmol / L; when creatinine is higher than 707μmol / L, the kidney enters the end stage of renal insufficiency, also known as uremia. Due to the strong compensatory function of the kidney, under normal circumstances, when the glomerular damage reaches more than 60%, the rapid increase of creatinine will occur only when the kidney excretory waste has a certain obstacle. Therefore, there is no very sensitive response to the early renal function damage. If creatinine is already significantly higher than normal, it often means that the damage to kidney function is already very serious. Decreased creatinine, which means that kidney function is restored? In the absence of complete loss of kidney filtration function, blood creatinine will also decrease if creatinine is produced less. Therefore, the decline in creatinine is not necessarily a recovery of kidney function, it may also be because you have not eaten meat for a long time, and have not exercised for a long time … Do n’t be discouraged, this at least shows that your kidney function is stable. The index of blood creatinine only reflects the concentration of creatinine in the blood, and does not strictly reflect the situation of renal function. Therefore, do n’t panic if creatinine rises, and relax when creatinine drops. Let ’s first check the reason for the change in creatinine. What medicine should I use to lower creatinine? Let me talk about it first. There are no drugs that can directly reduce creatinine … but it is. Even though many drugs that are indicated for creatinine lowering therapy are “selling sheep’s meat”, they cannot completely solve the problem of increased creatinine. Creatinine is mainly excreted by the kidneys, and a small part can pass through the intestines. Some creatinine-lowering drugs promote excretion through the intestine, and the effect can be imagined. If the treatment of nephropathy only wants to reduce the creatinine index, rather than solving the problem of nephropathy that causes creatinine from the root cause, the treatment is the ultimate inversion! Uremia will also approach you quickly. Realizing the reduction of creatinine will either cure the kidney disease or keep the condition stable and the kidney function is guaranteed. The key to human language is the treatment of kidney disease, rather than staring at creatinine indicators. What are the causes of increased creatinine? 1 Loss of water in the body, such as fever, sweating, decreased drinking water, and polyuria can cause blood concentration, decreased renal blood flow, and increased creatinine. 2 It is difficult to rest in life and not pay attention to the details of life. It can also cause a certain range of elevated blood creatinine. 3 People who have abnormal urine for a long period of time have hematuria and proteinuria. If the kidney damage is to a certain extent, the phenomenon of elevated creatinine will occur unknowingly. Patients with kidney disease who take drugs that damage the kidneys under unknown circumstances can have elevated or even irreversible creatinine. 4. People with renal insufficiency will have a short-term rise in creatinine when they are infected (including colds, pneumonia, intestinal infections, urinary tract infections, etc.). In patients with hypertension, blood pressure is unstable, and creatinine will be high. In patients with kidney disease, creatinine increases due to relapse. Let’s take a look at the daily diet. What are the ways to reduce creatinine? 1 Control the intake of salt. In the case of high creatinine, kidney function damage is serious, and salt intake needs to be strictly controlled. Usually you must pay attention to avoid the intake of invisible salt, you can try alternate methods such as unsalted breakfast and low-salt breakfast. If the patient has high blood pressure, severe edema, heart failure and other serious conditions, salt should be strictly restricted. 2 Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables with high creatinine, especially foods rich in vitamin B2, vitamin A and vitamin C. 3 Intake of high-quality protein In order to avoid further deterioration of renal function, attention should be paid to reduce the burden on the kidneys, so to control the total amount of protein intake, you should choose a high-quality protein diet. 4

What to do with leg cramps during pregnancy?

Leg cramps are very common during pregnancy. The specific cause is not yet clear. Many people think that it is related to calcium deficiency, but there is no clear evidence so far. However, we can take the following measures to prevent: 1. Usually pay attention to exercise, if the examination is normal, the body does not have any discomfort, insist on exercise every day; 2, balanced diet nutrition, vegetables, fruits, egg milk, whole milk Products, beans and soy products, nuts, melon seeds, fish and shrimps are balanced intake, food contains a variety of vitamins and minerals; 3 intake of sufficient water, ensure that the daily intake of about 1.5-2 liters of water , Keep your muscles full of water, and do n’t wait for thirst before drinking. 4. Choose shoes that are comfortable and fit. When sleeping, you can put a soft cushion under the calf to relax the calf. 6. It is also good to use hot water bubble feet before bed to let your lover massage the legs. 7. When leg cramps occur, straighten the legs, bend the cramped feet, let the ankles and toes move upwards, and massage the affected leg.

Raiders for various types of kidney disease

There are many types of kidney disease, from the most serious: nephritis, renal syndrome, renal dysfunction, renal failure, uremia, and finally dialysis patients. Regardless of the type of kidney disease, the diet will run through the entire course of the disease, and the role of diet in the adjuvant treatment of kidney disease should not be underestimated, so a reasonable diet is very important! 1. Patients with chronic nephritis Chronic nephritis patients should eat a light and easy-to-digest low-salt or unsalted diet when they have edema, oliguria or poor diet. With the improvement of the condition, after the urine volume increases and the puffiness subsides, in order to timely supplement the large amount of lost protein in the urine, you can gradually transition to a high-quality protein diet. If accompanied by anemia, you can choose foods rich in iron, such as animal blood, lean meat, jujube, black fungus, sesame paste, etc. 2. Patients with nephrotic syndrome first look at the relevant test results of patients. For example, patients with nephrotic syndrome almost all have hyperlipidemia, so it is necessary to limit the intake of animal fat, and try to supply rich polyunsaturated fatty acids (such as fish oil) in the diet. Vegetable oil. At the same time, people with high edema should limit sodium salt intake, the daily intake of salt is less than 3 grams, and appropriate supplementation of trace elements. 3. Renal insufficiency, renal failure When chronic nephritis progresses to renal insufficiency and uremia, in addition to strictly restricting protein, it is also necessary to strictly limit the intake of water, if oliguria occurs (urinary volume less than 300 ml per day) , Then foods with high potassium content, such as kelp, seaweed, bananas, etc., should be avoided. Foods with high calorie content and low protein content can also be used as the main energy source, such as potatoes, yam, taro, sweet potato, lotus root, vermicelli, lotus root powder, etc., to supplement calories and reduce the decomposition of protein in the body. In addition, foods and condiments that are irritating to the kidneys, such as alcohol, mustard, and pepper, are contraindicated. 4. Uremia patients, dialysis patients, uremia patients, and dialysis patients should not only take an appropriate amount of high-quality protein, but also adhere to a low-potassium diet, control phosphorus intake, and prevent high blood phosphorus from causing bone softening. Depot treatment of vegetables and fruits to avoid cardiac arrest caused by hyperkalemia during dialysis. All in all, the diet of all patients with kidney disease should be light, choose digestible foods, and eat more fresh vegetables and moderate amounts of edible fruits. Avoid eating salty, fried, high protein, high phosphorus, high potassium, high purine food. If you have any related problems such as kidney disease, you can directly [Private Message] Professor Mo Feifan

Things to do with azoospermia

Nursing matters to be treated for azoospermia: 1. Normally exercise reasonably. Appropriate exercise can not only maintain the health of the patient, but also help reduce stress, and patients with azoospermia can exercise appropriately every day. 2. Regularly go to the hospital for examination and vaccination. Regular vaccination can prevent the occurrence of some infectious diseases, especially those that affect reproductive health. 3. Usually pay attention to personal hygiene. Patient friends need to develop good hygienic habits, especially for the hygiene of private parts, and they should avoid wearing tights, hot baths, saunas, long-term cycling, driving, and sitting on sofas in daily life. 4. Do scientific diet. Patients with azoospermia should pay more attention to the intake of vegetables, fruits and seafood in their daily lives, and avoid the consumption of spicy and irritating food.