The medical definition of infertility is: in the absence of contraceptive measures, women who have had a normal sex for at least one year but have not become pregnant. In this case, men are called infertility. Nowadays, more and more couples cannot conceive their babies due to the influence of environment, diet, and mental stress. Common causes of infertility Female factors 1. Abnormal ovulation Abnormal ovulation accounts for a large proportion of female infertility, about 25~35%. If women cannot provide the other half of the seed normally, they cannot complete fertilization. Common diseases that cause abnormal ovulation include: polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperprolactinemia, and nonovulation caused by hypothalamic lesions. 2. Abnormal pelvic environment The pelvic cavity is the basic condition for completing fertilization and implantation and development of fertilized eggs. The abnormal pelvic cavity is the most important factor leading to secondary infertility in women. ①If a woman suffers from pelvic inflammatory disease, pelvic endometriosis, fallopian tube disease and other diseases, it will affect the fertilization process, and it will also affect the normal peristalsis of the fertilized egg into the uterine cavity and fail to complete implantation; ②Multiple abortions or uterine cavity Diseases such as intrauterine adhesions, uterine fibroids, and congenital uterine malformations caused by infection can interfere with the implantation and development of fertilized eggs in the uterine cavity, leading to infertility. Male factor 1. The main reason for male infertility is the quantity and quality of sperm: lack, azoospermia, asthenospermia, sperm deformity. Sperm development stops, etc. 2. Male erectile dysfunction cannot complete normal sex life, abnormal ejaculation conditions (non-ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation), etc. are also conditions that lead to male infertility. There are also some infertility due to unknown reasons. It may be due to abnormal immune function, potential germ cell abnormality or genetic factors in both spouses. Due to the limitations of the current medical level, there is a lack of clear detection methods. Finally, what Brother Miao wants to say is: Regarding the long-term infertility after marriage, women must have a correct understanding of it, they should abandon old feudal ideas, ignore the black face of the mother-in-law and the pointers of outsiders, and don’t take all responsibility. I blame myself, because a large part of the reason for not being pregnant still happens to the man. Both spouses should support each other, actively seek and treat infertility, and become pregnant with love as soon as possible.
TCM syndrome differentiation analysis of azoospermia: azoospermia is mostly due to congenital deficiency, weak endowment, loss of kidney essence, and decline of life and fire. Or due to acquired disorder, too much wastage, loss of spleen transport, lack of source of essence and blood. Dampness and heat. Blood stasis, occlusion of the spermatic tract. Or first suffer from burnt cheeks, Shaoyang’s epidemic poison flows down to Jue Yin, and nostalgia, the sperm is difficult to reproduce and lead to azoospermia. Syndrome differentiation first distinguishes the virtual and the real. Deficiency syndromes are mostly kidney deficiency, often accompanied by decreased libido, impotence, premature ejaculation, backache and soft knees. The evidence is mostly stasis and heat, often accompanied by normal or hypersexual desire, testicular swelling and pain, blood sperm and so on. The general treatment method is mainly to invigorate the kidney, replenish essence, clear away heat and remove blood stasis. The former is mainly used to invigorate the kidney and replenish essence, while the latter is mainly used to clear heat and remove stasis and dredge collaterals. There is no sperm in azoospermia, but there are other symptoms of azoospermia. Men’s azoospermia is caused by congenital factors, such as lack of testicles, lack of a place to produce sperm, and acquired factors such as radiation. The symptoms of azoospermia caused by different reasons will be different. 1. The most important symptom of azoospermia is the volume of semen, which can reflect the secretion of male hormones by the testes and the functional status of the accessory sex glands. Congenital abnormalities or dysfunction of the seminal vesicles and prostate can lead to a decrease in semen volume. To a certain extent, semen volume can also indicate hyperprolactinemia, hypergonadotropin hypersecretion, and hypogonadism. 2. The absence of sperm secretion through semen examination is the most direct symptom of azoospermia. The other is infertility. If you are infertile for a long time, you should consider azoospermia. 3. Clinically, some azoospermic patients have symptoms such as prostate disease, seminal vesicle inflammation, and epididymal problems. In addition, some patients have local signs such as testicular dysplasia, testicular atrophy, epididymal nodules and other systemic symptoms. Generally speaking, the symptoms of azoospermia are not clinically obvious. Most of them are due to infertility, and then go to check, azoospermia occurs. However, some congenital testicular factors can still be detected early.
Recently, a patient left a message saying that it is normal to have been married for more than two years without contraception but not pregnant. It is normal for the body to be checked. Is this considered as infertility? Does it need to be treated with IVF or artificial insemination? The physical examination is normal but is not pregnant for two years, is it infertility? Under normal circumstances, it can be judged as infertility without contraception for more than one year, and the specific reason needs to be known by physical examination. For couples of childbearing age who have not found the cause of infertility after examination, but actually have two years of infertility, they can try to help them with pregnancy through ovulation induction or artificial insemination. Because the physical examinations of the couples of childbearing age are normal, it is not an indication for IVF, but more suitable for assisting pregnancy through artificial insemination and guidance of intercourse. Of course, during treatment, patients and friends should also pay attention to adjusting their own mentality and condition, because psychological factors are also a factor that prevents couples of childbearing age from getting pregnant. If you are not pregnant after multiple cycles of treatment through artificial insemination or guided intercourse, then IVF technology is recommended to help you get pregnant.
After the fallopian tube adhesion occurs, the sperm will not enter the fallopian tube normally, resulting in the inability to combine with the egg, which will cause infertility in female patients. What are the symptoms of tubal adhesions? Let’s get to know the doctors from Beijing Weiren Nursing Hospital. What are the symptoms of tubal adhesions? 1. Menstrual disorders: some women will experience abnormal menstruation. In severe cases, menstruation twice in a month, black menstrual blood, blood clots, blood heat, yellow menstrual blood, damp heat, menstrual blood Faint ejaculation is deficiency and heat, and inflammation persists for a long time. 2. Increased leucorrhea: After this phenomenon occurs in female patients, it can be understood as an obvious symptom of fallopian tube adhesion. In some patients, menstrual flow will occur when the blood rushes up, and some women have abnormal leucorrhea. , The common is the increase in vaginal discharge. 3. Pain: Fallopian tube adhesion will make the fallopian tube twisted and narrow. Therefore, female patients will experience lower abdomen pain during this type of disease. The common symptoms are pain, tingling, falling pain, and dull pain. 4. Occasional low-grade fever: severe ascites symptoms and some physical characteristics, but the systemic symptoms are not obvious, and occasional low-grade fever, such as long-term treatment, will seriously affect the quality of life of the patient. If it is a severe patient, it will be weight loss. And abdominal flexibility, sometimes there may be signs of ascites. When a encapsulated effusion is formed, an inactive, unclear cystic mass can be touched in the pelvic cavity. 5. Infertility: The first manifestation is infertility. Among female infertility patients, the cause of fallopian tube accounts for about 1/3 of the cause. Among these various infections, the infection of tuberculosis bacteria is particularly important. It often easily causes serious and irreversible damage to the inner membrane and wall of the fallopian tube. How to prevent tubal adhesions? First of all, pay special attention to hygiene during menstruation, especially to avoid menstrual sex, because this will easily provide bacteria with a chance for retrograde infection and lead to pelvic inflammatory disease. Secondly, pay attention to contraception. Don’t let it when you don’t want a baby. If you are pregnant yourself, you must avoid accidental abortion, because abortion will cause great harm to women’s body. Female friends need to pay more attention to hygiene issues during the puerperium, pregnancy, and after miscarriage, so as to avoid some infections during this time. Warm reminder: The above is a specific explanation of the symptoms of tubal adhesions. If a female friend has tubal infertility, she should choose a professional hospital for treatment.
There are many diseases that cause male infertility in clinical diagnosis and treatment. Among them, the testis is the basis of male sperm production, and its health is also the main factor affecting male pregnancy. Among male reproductive diseases, testicular infertility is a disease that covers a wide range, so today we will take a look at what is called testicular infertility? What are the specific symptoms? . Testicular infertility mainly refers to Men’s testicles are abnormal, which can cause changes in sperm, which directly affect the fertilization of sperm and eggs, leading to infertility. The main symptoms of testicular infertility are: 1. Anorchidosis: Absence of bilateral testicles is one of the causes of testicular infertility. This symptom is relatively rare and the cause is not clear. 2. Monoorchidism: unilateral testis is absent, one testis still exists, and the other is removed. 3. Polyorchidism: Men do not only have two scrotums, there is an extra testicle in one scrotum. 4. Testicular inflammation: Inflammation of the testicles is also one of the causes of testicular infertility. 5. Cryptorchidism: The testis stays in any part of the waist, the inner or outer ring of the inguinal canal, abdomen, etc. during the development process, and does not normally descend to the scrotum. 6. Testicular torsion: The blood vessels in the spermatic cord are also twisted during the torsion of the spermatic cord, leading to obstruction of blood flow in the testis, causing ischemia or necrosis of the testis.
We all know that staying up late and hurting the body must be known to us. Women may complain that when they stay up a little bit late, there will be various disorders and endocrine disorders will find trouble. At this time, some men may be happy, the term endocrine disorder may be irrelevant to you, don’t be happy too early. Men also have endocrine abnormalities and can cause male infertility. 1. The pathological changes of testicular endocrine abnormality: primary testicular hypofunction, the more common ones are Kleinfurt syndrome, radiation injury, cytotoxic damage, malnutrition, etc. Secondary testicular hypofunction, such as androgen receptor Lack of male pseudohermaphroditism and so on. 2. Thyroid disease: Severe hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism can affect reproductive function. When thyroid function is low, the synthesis of testosterone is reduced, sperm production is inhibited, and sexual dysfunction occurs. Hyperthyroidism is often accompanied by gynecomastia, decreased libido, and impotence. 3. Adrenal diseases: Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome, feminized adrenal cortex tumors, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hyperaldosteronism and other diseases can cause male infertility. 4. Pituitary disease: Hyperpituitary gland function, increased libido, changes in body shape, etc. may occur in the early stage, and then decrease libido, abnormal semen, impotence, etc. and lead to infertility. Pituitary hypofunction, such as pituitary tumor, inflammation, surgical injury or radiotherapy destroys the pituitary, resulting in hypopituitary function, decreased libido, decreased sexual intercourse ability, testicular atrophy, and impaired sperm production. Pituitary tumors can increase the level of prolactin in the blood, interfere with the secretion of LH and inhibit the spermatogenesis of the testis and the occurrence of impotence, resulting in male infertility. Male endocrine abnormalities must arouse the attention of male friends, and prevent them early to avoid male infertility.
Under normal circumstances, the establishment of a normal ovulation cycle is premised on the normal secretion of hormones from the hypothalamus to the pituitary to the ovarian gonadal axis. Once the mood is out of control or the metabolic function is disordered, causing endocrine disorders, it will cause abnormal function of the gonadal hormone axis, which will lead to ovulation disorders and cause endocrine disorders infertility. In endocrine dysregulated infertility, the largest proportion of patients is anovulatory disease, which is ovulation disorder. 1. Causes of ovulation disorders 1. Hypothalamic dysfunction and organic disorders. Functional disorders include various menstrual disorders, amenorrhea, functional hyperprolactinemia and anorexia nervosa. Organic disorders are Brain tumors, encephalitis and other traumas. 2, pituitary dysfunction, such as pituitary tumors, Sheehan syndrome, tuberculosis or syphilis granuloma. 3. Primary and secondary ovarian amenorrhea, including Turner syndrome, as well as premature ovarian failure and inflammation. 2. Endocrine dysregulation caused by ovulation disorders If women who have not gotten pregnant without contraception after marriage, if they have the following symptoms, consider whether the endocrine dysregulation infertility caused by ovulation disorders, and self-check through the following symptoms You can go to the hospital as soon as possible to restore normal fertility. 1. Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) 2. Irregular menstrual cycles 3. Few menstruation (reduced menstrual cycles) 4. Obesity or severe weight loss 5. Galactorrhea (breast lactation) 6. Hypertrichosis (abnormal or excessive body and face Hair growth)
Recently, the most talked about in the clinic is “adenomyosis”. When it comes to adenomyosis, we all think of heavy menstrual flow, dysmenorrhea, infertility…Adenomyosis is also known as the undead cancer, whether the devil of the uterus let If you don’t want to live, let me tell you today! ▼Topic: What are the most serious symptoms of adenomyosis? I think this should be dysmenorrhea. What many adenomyosis sisters cannot bear is dysmenorrhea. The main reason is that the dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis is gradually aggravated. It is gradually aggravated with the arrival of each menstruation, and the focus will be increased with each menstruation. This is the most disruptive point. The “demon” of adenomyosis destroys the fragile heart and happy life of expectant mothers with adenomyosis! Pain makes expectant mothers with adenomyosis want to cry without tears! I don’t know if this is right. If you have different opinions, you can leave a message at the end of the article! What other clinical manifestations of adenomyosis? The clinical manifestations of adenomyosis are advanced dysmenorrhea, infertility, miscarriage, menorrhagia and dyspareunia. If the treatment is not timely or not received, disease may occur, leading to infertility. Adenomyosis has a great impact on women’s pregnancy problems, so once diagnosed, you should see a doctor in time. What tests are needed to diagnose adenomyosis? The diagnosis of the disease is mainly based on clinical symptoms, gynecological examinations and imaging examinations. 1. Gynecological ultrasound . . The uterus is enlarged, the muscle layer is thickened, the posterior wall is more obvious, and the endometrial line moves forward. The lesion is iso-echoic or echo-enhanced, during which point-like hypoechoes can be seen, and there is no obvious boundary between the lesion and the surrounding area. 2. Pelvic MRI . There are lesions with unclear boundaries and low signal intensity in the uterus. T2 enhanced images may have lesions with high signal intensity, and the junction between the intima and myometrium becomes wider than 12mm. 3. Serum CA125 . This index can be elevated in most patients. 4. Pathological examination is the gold standard for diagnosis. Can a test tube be used for adenomyosis? The incidence of adenomyosis is getting higher and higher! The main reason for the infertility of expectant mothers with adenomyosis is that the uterine muscle layer of expectant mothers with adenomyosis is filled with some endometrial materials, causing the uterus to become larger. Some expectant mothers with severe uterine uterus may even have uterus several times larger than normal. . An enlarged uterus will cause intensive contractions of the uterine muscles. In turn, the embryo is not easy to implant, and it is easy to premature or abort after pregnancy. Generally speaking, expectant mothers with adenomyosis can use IVF technology to assist reproduction. Moreover, relatively speaking, IVF is also the first choice for many expectant mothers with adenomyosis!
As we all know, there are many causes of infertility, and there are many causes of female infertility. Ovulation disorders belong to one of them. What should I do if I can’t get pregnant because of ovulation disorders? Ovulation disorders cause pregnancy. How should I treat it if I don’t go? Let’s take a closer look. Ovulation disorder, also known as anovulation, is one of the main causes of female infertility. In addition to causing infertility, it can also cause menstrual disorders, amenorrhea, hirsutism, obesity and other symptoms. In addition, if there is no ovulation for a long time, sex hormone metabolism disorder, endometrial hyperplasia without periodic progesterone resistance, endometrial cancer and breast cancer are prone to occur. The treatment of ovulation disorders should usually be based on the physical conditions of both spouses. If it is only a simple ovulation disorder that affects conception, then you can try to guide the same room or artificial insemination after ovulation to assist pregnancy. If you have failed to get pregnant after repeated treatments with guidance or artificial insemination, and the woman has other reproductive diseases that affect conception, you can try IVF technology to help conception.
Condyloma acuminata, also known as genital warts or venereal warts, is a sexually transmitted disease caused by human papillomavirus. The incubation period is about 3 months, the shortest is 2 weeks, the longest is more than 8 months, and the average is 3 months. The patients are mainly sexually active people. The peak incidence is between 20 and 30 years old. The incidence depends largely on the number of inoculated viruses and the body’s specific immunity. Clinically it appears as spike-like or cauliflower-like growths with a moist surface. , Easy to bleed when touched. If it is condyloma acuminata that occurs on the vulva, it is small and sporadic, then this situation does not affect pregnancy, but if the condyloma is large, close to the vaginal opening and has foul-smelling secretions, it will cause psychological disorders or Loss of libido can cause temporary infertility at this time. When women have condyloma acuminata, although some can still be pregnant normally, it is not recommended to get pregnant with condyloma, because if there is no treatment, it will be transmitted through the birth canal when it is severe. Causes infants to develop laryngeal papillomatosis and other conditions, which will have a great impact on infant health. For some patients with genital warts who are worried about being infertile, there is no need to have such a burden of thought. As long as genital warts are treated in time, they can be cured, and the fertility will not be affected after the treatment, so it is not Will affect pregnancy. However, timely treatment is very important, otherwise it will be very detrimental to yourself and the fetus to become pregnant during the illness. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.
Ectopic pregnancy refers to the process of embryonic pregnancy occurring outside the uterus. Tubal pregnancy is more common. After tubal pregnancy occurs, either choose to remove the fallopian tube, or choose conservative treatment to preserve the fallopian tube. And after choosing conservative treatment, is it possible to get pregnant? Will infertility occur after conservative treatment of tubal pregnancy? Women who choose conservative treatment after ectopic pregnancy need to observe the patency of the fallopian tube if they want to get pregnant again. If the fallopian tube is unobstructed, then yes Conceived naturally. If the fallopian tube is inflamed or not patency, then another ectopic pregnancy may occur. If the fallopian tube is blocked after conservative treatment, it means that the fallopian tube has lost the ability to transport eggs and fertilized eggs. If both fallopian tubes are blocked, it cannot be conceived naturally. It is also called fallopian tube infertility. You can use IVF technology to help you get pregnant. . The egg is taken out directly from the ovary, placed in the in vitro fertilization culture to become an embryo, and then transplanted into the uterine cavity for implantation, which can help patients with tubal infertility and other infertility to conceive a child. Similarly, even women who choose tubal resection after ectopic pregnancy can use IVF technology to help conceive.
Infertility caused by blocked fallopian tubes is very common in clinical practice, and many patients said that they had undergone dredging operations many years ago, and did not become pregnant afterwards, and did not review the fallopian tubes. What should I do if I want to become pregnant? What about IVF? Infertility can be defined as infertility for more than one year without contraception with normal sexual life. For patients who have had a blocked fallopian tube before, they have not become pregnant in the next few years and should be checked in the hospital for diagnosis. Is it infertile? After the fallopian tube is dredged, it is generally easier to conceive in about half a year, but if it is still infertile for more than half a year, then the fallopian tube may be blocked again. In this case, if you are considering giving birth and do not plan to dredge the fallopian tube again, It is possible to go directly to a professional hospital for IVF assistance. Test-tube baby technology uses in vitro fertilization to treat infertility. Instead of ovulating through the fallopian tube, the egg is taken out of the ovary and placed outside the body for culture. After that, the embryo is directly placed in the uterine cavity to help the embryo implantation and pregnancy.
Marriage and childbirth can be said to be the only way for most of us, because the arrival of a new life can not only increase the joy of life, but also enhance the relationship between husband and wife and make a family more complete. But on the road to pregnancy, some couples are not so lucky. After marriage, there is no movement. The word “infertility” has also become a topic that both couples do not want to face. Especially now that male fertility is declining year by year, how to improve male fertility has become a problem that everyone is more concerned about! How to avoid the reduction of fertility in life? For male friends who are expecting to be fathers, you need to pay attention to these small details in life: ①When you cross your legs, the two legs will be tightly clamped, and the penis and testicles will be tightly clamped. Inside, it is partially airtight, and the temperature around the penis gradually increases, and the high temperature environment will directly “heat” the sperm. If the time is too long, it can also cause varicocele. In severe cases, it may even affect fertility. ②Sedentary . . . Cycling for a long time, or sitting for a long time playing mahjong, etc. are not good for the reproductive system. Sitting for a long time squeezes the testicles and increases the temperature of the testicles, which is not conducive to the survival of sperm. ③Temperature . . The testis is the main place for sperm production, and the temperature required for the sperm production process is 33.5℃-36.5℃, which is 1℃-2℃ lower than normal body temperature. The scrotum is a protective organ of the testicles and an important part of regulating the temperature of the testicles. If the scrotum is kept at a high temperature for a long time, it will cause varicocele and reduce the number of sperm. ④Male fertility is inseparable from one’s own physical condition. Fever once is equivalent to six months of contraception, which means that due to internal heat and high temperature, it will cause great damage to the male sperm. It takes half a year for the sperm to recover. vitality. Therefore, if couples who need to get pregnant, it is best to have a baby after a few months.  . Studies have shown that people with abnormal blood lipids may also have abnormal lipid components in seminal plasma, which will affect the vitality, quantity, concentration and morphology of sperm. Obesity is also an important reason. Therefore, men should pay attention to protecting their fertility and get rid of bad habits in time. Of course, when doing an infertility check, don’t put the blame on your wives, you must do the check first! Follow the principle of infertility inspection: For every first-diagnosed infertility couple, the basic inspection process for infertility, the first step in the cause of screening is: check the man’s semen (unless there is a solid basis to prove that the man is fertile ), the so-called principle of first male and female. Therefore, men should give more love to their wives and take the initiative in the matter of infertility inspections! Of course, for infertility, neither husband nor wife need to say sorry, let alone excuse each other. Instead, they should actively face the facts, find out the cause, and prescribe the right remedy to get out of the “ghost” of infertility and usher in The “crystallization” of your own love.
Conception is a complex physiological process, every link is very important, and the fallopian tube is even more laborious. One end of the fallopian tube is connected to the uterine cavity, and the other end is like a finger. Its function is to pick up the egg after the ovary is ovulated, while allowing the sperm and egg to meet, combine, and fertilize in the fallopian tube. If the fallopian tube function is healthy, it can smoothly return the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity, and successfully implanted, then the process of pregnancy is completed. But the fallopian tube is also a problem-prone place. If the fallopian tube is blocked or blocked, two results will occur. One is that the fallopian tube is completely blocked, and the sperm and egg cannot meet, leading to infertility. The second is that the fallopian tube is not smooth, even if the sperm and egg can meet in the fallopian tube to form a fertilized egg, but the fertilized egg encounters a roadblock on the way to the uterine cavity and can only barely make a home in the fallopian tube. The result is an ectopic pregnancy. It can be seen how much tubal infertility affects women! What kind of examinations should be done for tubal blockage? Hysterosalpingography: It can show all the morphology of the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes, and accurately determine the uterine cavity and fallopian tube lesions and patency. Laparoscopy: 6-9 months after hysterosalpingography and still not pregnant should be an indication for laparoscopy. In the process of our fallopian tube examination, the screening of other infertility factors, such as the assessment of ovarian function and the examination of the man’s semen, must be carried out simultaneously. If the patient already has ovarian dysfunction, or the man’s severe oligoasthenospermia, or the patient’s advanced age, a history of multiple pelvic and abdominal surgery, such as ovarian cyst removal, appendectomy, intestinal obstruction, etc., an experienced doctor is required to evaluate The value and conditions of surgery.
The fallopian tube is a very important part of women, because the fallopian tube is the place where the sperm and egg are combined and transports the fertilized egg to the uterus for implantation and development. Therefore, once the fallopian tube has a problem, it may cause infertility. So what are the hazards of unblocked fallopian tubes? Let’s take a look. The hazards of the unobstructed fallopian tube are mainly manifested in the following two points: 1. Although the lumen is not completely blocked, the mucosal folds are adhered to make the lumen narrow, or the cilia defect affects the normal operation of the fertilized egg in the fallopian tube, halfway Implantation at the place is blocked, causing ectopic pregnancy. 2. Leading to female infertility Inflammatory adhesions are formed around the fimbria or ovaries of the fallopian tube, which obstructs part of the fimbria of the fallopian tube, and even unable to inhale the discharged oocytes into the fallopian tube and meet the sperm to cause infertility. Because each person’s disease and physique are different, the symptoms will be different. The first one is that the fallopian tube is not unblocked, which is caused by slight inflammation and adhesion in the tube. Or the tube body is too thin and curved. Or the outside of the fallopian tube is attached, which pulls the fallopian tube. The second situation is that the fallopian tubes are occluded and the damage is minor. Most of the fallopian tubes are normal. The third situation is that the fallopian tube is completely blocked and the damage is serious. There are many reasons for poor fallopian tubes, and there are many uncertain factors. In the final analysis, it is caused by salpingitis. It is caused by pathogen infection, so the body should be checked regularly, and the pathogen should be eliminated in time. Work harder on daily diet, eat scientifically and rationally, and maintain a balanced diet. Warm reminder: Unobstructed fallopian tubes are very harmful to human health. Women need to actively cooperate with treatment so that all aspects of themselves can be healthy.
Due to the accelerated pace of life, many men have been engaged in high-load work for a long time, and many people’s physical functions will be impaired to a degree. Among them, male infertility is one of the more obvious cases. Many people don’t know that male infertility should be paid attention to. Which ones, let’s take a look at the inspection items and daily nursing care of male infertility. Several examination items for clinical diagnosis of male infertility are as follows: 1. Medical history examination: It is very important to collect medical history correctly. The doctor should understand the following conditions of the patient: occupation and type of work, previous medical history, marriage and sex life Circumstance, previous examination and treatment, family history, etc. 2. X-ray examination: In order to determine the obstruction of the vas deferens, vas deferens, epididymal angiography, vas deferens, seminal vesicle angiography or urethral angiography can be used. 3. Immunological examination: detect sperm agglutination antibodies or immobilization antibodies in serum or seminal plasma by sperm agglutination test or immobilization test. 4. Chromosome karyotype analysis: used for malformations of external reproductive organs, testicular dysplasia and azoospermia of unknown cause. 5. Physical examination: including whole body and reproductive organ examination. The whole body examination is the same as the internal medicine method. Special attention should be paid to the development, nutrition and mental status, but the focus is on the examination of the reproductive organs. 6. Endocrine examination: The hypothalamus can be understood through the gonadotropin releasing hormone or Cvimifene stimulation test. The function of the pituitary gland-testicular axis. Measuring testosterone levels can directly reflect the function of plasmocytes. If necessary, thyroid hormone, adrenal sebum hormone or prolactin can be measured. 7. Reproductive system examination: mainly to understand whether the development of male reproductive organs affects spermatogenesis and sexual function. The main inspection methods of this male infertility check are inspection, palpation, vasography, etc. The health care of male infertility should pay attention to the following points: 1, understand common sense: must master certain sexual knowledge, understand male physiological characteristics and health care knowledge. If you find that the testis has different changes from usual, such as: swelling, hardening, unevenness, pain, etc. Timely diagnosis and treatment. 2. Change bad habits: Quit smoking and alcohol, don’t eat too greasy things or it will affect your libido.
As a woman, giving birth to life is a special mission given to us by God. It is a very happy thing to have a baby. However, there are also many women who have infertility due to various reasons. In fact, many of them are caused by infertility in the fallopian tube. , Fallopian tube, no need to introduce more, everyone knows that it can transport sperm, pick up eggs, and send fertilized eggs to the uterine cavity. If a woman’s fallopian tube is blocked or obstructed, it will become the most important cause of female infertility. The reason is. Today, let’s take a look at the several diseases of tubal infertility! It is always useful to know more knowledge! One of tubal infertility diseases: tubal effusion⒈pathological tubal effusion means that after the pathogen infects the fallopian tube, the fallopian tube Under the action of the infiltration of white blood cells, a swollen inner membrane will be formed, the interstitium will appear edema, and the mucosal epithelium will fall off. If it is not treated in time and effective, it will form hyposalpinx. After the inflammation subsided, the fluid in the cavity gradually turned purulent to serous. ⒉Symptoms Abdominal pain: There will be pain in the lower abdomen, but it varies in degree, ranging from moderate to mild. Most of them are hidden discomfort. Irregular menstruation: The common manifestation is excessive menstrual flow or significantly increased menstrual frequency. 3. Infertility: The fallopian tube is damaged by the disease to a certain extent, which further causes the obstruction of the fallopian tube, which leads to infertility. 4. Dysmenorrhea: The closer you are to your menstrual period, the more severe your pain will be, and you know the menstrual cramps. 5. Others: such as pain during intercourse, increased leucorrhea, gastrointestinal disorders and so on. Fallopian tube infertility disease 2: Fallopian tube blockage Oviduct blockage is one of the main causes of female infertility. There are many reasons for fallopian tube blockage. The prevention of fallopian tube infertility can effectively prevent fallopian tube infertility. . The cause of blocked fallopian tube 1: Congenital blockage of the fallopian tube, because of congenital blockage of the fallopian tube, this situation is relatively rare, most patients with congenital blockage of the fallopian tube require surgery and hormone therapy. Two: Secondary fallopian tube blockage, because of the fallopian tube infection caused by the operation of the fallopian tube and the uterus and other organs adjacent to the fallopian tube, causing the fallopian tube to block and cause infertility. 3: Hydrosalpinx. In many patients, hydrosalpinx is caused by infection of the fallopian tubes and reproductive organs. The main cause of infection of the reproductive organs is the infection of mycoplasma chlamydia. Does fallopian tube blockage affect ovulation? Female pregnancy is a complicated process. First, the ovaries discharge normal eggs, and normal sperm enter the female body. In the ampulla of the fallopian tube, the sperm and the egg combine, the fallopian tube transports the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity, and the fertilized egg implants , The birth of a new life begins. The fallopian tube is the place where sperm and egg combine, and ovulation is done by the ovary. Therefore, simple blockage of the fallopian tubes does not affect ovulation. Fallopian tube infertility disease III: salpingitis The fallopian tube is an indispensable reproductive system for women to give birth to the next generation. The fallopian tube has an important role in transporting sperm, ingesting eggs, and transporting fertilized eggs to the uterine cavity. The failure of the fallopian tube or dysfunction makes women infertile The main cause of the disease. The cause of blocked fallopian tubes or dysfunction is acute and chronic inflammation of the fallopian tubes. Severe fallopian tube inflammation can cause the fallopian tube to be completely blocked. Although some inflammation does not cause the fallopian tube lumen to be blocked, the intima is destroyed by inflammation and affects the ciliary movement of the endometrial cells, and the scar formation makes the fallopian tube wall stiff and affects fallopian tube peristalsis. This affects the meeting and transportation of sperm and egg and causes infertility. Salpingitis can also be secondary to inflammation of the organs or tissues around the fallopian tube, especially the formation of inflammatory adhesions around the fimbria of the fallopian tube or the ovaries, so that the fimbria of the fallopian tube cannot suck the discharged egg cells into the oviduct and meet the sperm, such as suppurative appendicitis, Tuberculous peritonitis. Once suffering from appendicitis, suppurative appendicitis, tuberculous peritonitis, tuberculosis, endometriosis, patients with incomplete abortion, fever, abdominal pain and puerperal infection after induced abortion, patients with venereal diseases such as gonorrhea, and Patients with tubal malformations are likely to cause abnormal tubal function and tubal infertility. The lumen of the fallopian tube is relatively narrow, the narrowest part of the lumen is only 1~2mm in diameter. When salpingitis or pelvic inflammation occurs, the narrowest part of the fallopian tube and the umbrella end are prone to adhesions or completely closed
Condyloma acuminatum is difficult to treat, and it is easy to relapse after cure and is highly infectious. This is also common knowledge. However, for many young couples who want children, condyloma acuminata is a big problem for them. They are worried about condyloma acuminata. Will cause infertility. Remember not to scratch it. Condyloma acuminata can cause infertility. When condyloma acuminata occurs, it is prone to retrograde infection, which makes the prostate and epididymis of male patients infected, and abnormal sperm occurs, leading to infertility. In addition, female patients may be infected with the cervix, endometrium, etc., causing blockage of the fallopian tubes and causing infertility. Condyloma acuminatum virus will transport from the surface of the genital organs through the blood and lymph to reach the internal genitals and other places, causing orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, seminal vesicles, etc., seriously affecting sperm production, sperm motility, and directly causing a decrease in sperm production. Sperm disease reduces male fertility and directly leads to male infertility. Condyloma acuminatum appears on the vulva. If the genital warts are small and scattered, it will not affect the female’s conception. Unless the genital warts are large, close to the vaginal opening, and have foul-smelling secretions, they can cause temporary infertility when they cause deliberate physical disturbances or a decrease in libido. When the genital warts on the cervix gather in a cluster and are blocked at the uterine opening and affect the movement of sperm, it will affect pregnancy, but they are all temporary infertility and can still be pregnant after treatment. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.
The manifestation of female reproductive system maturity is that there will be menstruation, and whether the menstrual cycle is regular or not is directly related to pregnancy, because there will be one ovulation in a menstrual cycle, so if the menstrual cycle is irregular and menstruation is not coming for a long time, then is it? It means that irregular menstruation means no ovulation. Let’s take a closer look. Does irregular menstruation mean non-ovulation? Menstruation is the periodic shedding and bleeding of the endometrium that is affected by the estrogen and progesterone secreted by the ovaries. Under normal circumstances, normal ovulation is required to have normal menstruation. Regular menstruation is also a manifestation of normal ovarian function. However, in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of infertility, many female infertility patients have irregular menstruation, but it does not mean that irregular menstruation means that ovulation is not guaranteed, and regular menstruation does not mean that ovulation is certain. The regularity of menstruation is not a separate condition that determines whether to become pregnant naturally. Menstruation reflects the condition of the ovaries, but there are many factors that cause infertility besides the ovaries, which are very complicated. Uterine conditions, fallopian tube conditions, and mental and psychological pressure may affect pregnancy, and even poor life and eating habits can also lead to infertility. Therefore, menstrual regularity cannot be simply used as a measure of natural pregnancy. For infertile patients with irregular menstruation, the cause of infertility should be judged through examination. The doctor will formulate a treatment plan based on the examination situation. The patient’s friends only need to actively cooperate with the doctor’s treatment to help themselves through assisted reproductive technology. Go to the child.
In the infertility clinic, there are many women with primary infertility. Many of them are unable to conceive due to blocked fallopian tubes. When they learn about the cause, they will wonder why they have not been pregnant, why they have blocked fallopian tubes? Will fallopian tube blockage even after pregnancy? There are many reasons for fallopian tube blockage. Although most fallopian tube blockages are caused by improper operation of the uterine cavity and inflammation of the fallopian tubes, it does not rule out vaginitis, cervicitis, endometritis, appendicitis, The ascending infection of the pathogenic bacteria of tuberculosis, as well as various factors such as menstrual intercourse, unclean sex, etc. cause salpingitis and cause blockage and infertility. For women who have never been pregnant, have not undergone miscarriage or any uterine cavity surgery, there is also the possibility of blocked fallopian tubes. This is because the fallopian tube is inflamed, which can lead to stenosis of the uterine cavity, adhesion of the fallopian tube, or obstruction of the fallopian tube, so that the sperm cannot meet and fertilize the egg, thereby causing infertility. For women who are infertile due to blocked fallopian tubes, whether they have been pregnant or not, they can use IVF technology to give birth to offspring. Because the blocked fallopian tubes cannot transport eggs and fertilized eggs, IVF can directly retrieve the eggs for in vitro fertilization, which avoids In the process of transporting eggs through the fallopian tube, IVF is an ideal treatment for women with tubal infertility.