“Refute the rumors” Can ascites in the late stage of cancer be transmitted to normal people?

I recently received a private message from a child of a cancer patient. The original sentence is like this: “Hello, Dr. Liu, my father has a history of liver cirrhosis for 5 years. He has recently checked that his condition has deteriorated. The liver cirrhosis has developed into liver cancer. I was treated, but the ascites was pumping more and more. Yesterday, I opened my belly button. Ascites leaked out. I was so scared that my brain went blank. I directly touched my father’s cancer ascites with my hands and felt a little sick. , And I am very worried that I will be infected with cancer? I have checked the Internet and found that there are cancer cells in the cancer ascites. I also ask Dr. Liu to tell me, thank you! “   Ascites is a serious complication of cancer patients, as a family member It is necessary to take care of cancer patients for a long time. If you accidentally touch the ascites of cancer patients, will there be a risk of cancer infection?  Cancer ascites is not contagious  As family members and medical staff of cancer patients, we must first make clear that cancer itself is not contagious. Because cancer is the result of malignant mutation and division of cells, cancer cells flow out of the tumor and flow into the blood or lymphatic system. This is what the clinic calls “cancer metastasis”. Ascites caused by cancer, the main component is water, and only a small part of cancer cells are in it. Although there are cancer cells, cancer patients who have detached from the cancer cells will die soon. Therefore, if you accidentally come into contact with ascites caused by cancer, don’t panic, just wash it off with a hand wash, it will not be contagious! How to deal with cancer ascites? Clinically, it can be roughly divided into three levels according to the amount of ascites in patients:    Grade 1 ascites: refers to patients with 300-500ml, which are early symptoms and have no obvious symptoms. Generally, no treatment is needed, and ascites can be made Reabsorption;    Grade 2 ascites: refers to patients with 500-1000ml, which belong to moderate ascites, patients often have symptoms of abdominal distension, and need to go to the hospital to determine the cause for treatment;    Grade 3 ascites: refers to patients above 1000ml, belonging to Patients with large amounts of ascites will have obvious symptoms of abdominal bulge and lower extremity edema. This type of patient’s condition is more serious. Ascites can’t be cured only by aspiration and diuretics. Clinically, a combination of Chinese and Western medicine is used. Way to treat.

Is genital warts contagious?

&nbsp. Is genital warts contagious? One of the analysis theories. There are three main ways of condyloma infection. Mother-to-child transmission is generally caused by infantile condyloma acuminata or laryngeal papillomatosis; children’s condyloma acuminata will fetus during the birth process Infection caused by the birth canal after infection or the mother’s kind contact. Living with patients with genital warts, after using underwear, baths, bath towels and other close-fitting clothes together; they can also get infections, and infections can occur after using bath towels or underwear in public. This disease can also occur after having sex with a patient with genital warts. Generally, the disease is most contagious after 3 and a half months; it is most likely to occur in the process of sexual disorder.  &Nbsp. Is genital warts contagious? Analysis Theory 2    The treatment of genital warts is preferably a combination of comprehensive treatment and treatment of both Chinese and Western medicines. Local physical therapy. Laser, oral transfer factor, in traditional Chinese medicine, soften the firmness, promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis; the combination of internal and external functions to improve one’s own resistance. Patients should also maintain a positive attitude and be determined to persist in treating the disease for a long time. It is hoped that a way can be completely cured of this disease; and within a period of time, a fast curative effect is impossible. It is necessary for patients to continue to insist on medication, use physical therapy and other auxiliary treatments to cure the disease of genital warts. The majority of patients with genital warts live irregularly, irregularly, or are in a state of long-term mental stress, relapse or have a close relationship. The most important thing is that the patient needs to rest; to have a regular life. It is best to stay mentally relaxed and avoid being too nervous. It should be observed for six months after treatment, usually twice a week. If there is a possibility of recurrence, it is best to seek medical treatment immediately; to eliminate the germinating symptoms of genital warts. Can not continue to infect the surrounding mucous membrane or skin. It is best to do pregnancy matters such as family planning after the cure.

Don’t kiss children casually. There is a kissing disease that is very harmful to children and is caused by virus infection.

I saw a piece of news a few days ago, saying that the groom-to-be born in Hangzhou was troubled by “kissing disease” and could only postpone the wedding. Yesterday, the famous expert Professor Zhang Wenhong introduced the “kissing disease” in TikTok, introducing the origin of this disease and its impact on the body. Recently, some netizens also consulted, saying that family relatives like to kiss the baby every time they visit the baby, and they are worried about whether they will be infected with kissing disease. Today we will talk about the legendary “kiss disease”. Kissing disease, its official and official name is infectious mononucleosis, and the culprit is Epstein-Barr virus. So kissing disease is an acute proliferative disease of the mononuclear-macrophage system caused by EB virus primary infection. Infants and young children are more common, and the peak incidence in my country is 4-6 years old. When parents carry the virus, they may be infected by kissing their children, sharing utensils, or chewing food. In addition to kissing, Epstein-Barr virus can also be spread through droplets and blood transfusion. Infectious mononucleosis is a self-limiting disease, most of which have a good prognosis, but a few may have serious consequences such as hemorrhagic syndrome. The typical triple presentation is “fever, angina, and lymphadenopathy.” 1.&nbsp. Fever The degree of fever varies, and the body temperature fluctuates around 38.5~40℃, which can last for about 1 week. Children may have low fever. 2. Half of the patients with angina have sore throat, posterior pharyngeal wall, uvula, tonsil congestion and edema, and ulcers or pseudomembrane formation on the tonsils. 3. More than 70% of patients with lymphadenopathy have lymphadenopathy. Swollen lymph nodes in the posterior occiput and neck are the most common, and the regression is slow, which can last until the acute symptoms disappear for about a few months. 4.&nbsp. Other symptoms Liver and spleen enlargement, hepatosplenomegaly will occur in about 50% of the cases, hypersplenism will lead to hemorrhagic syndrome, and the decline of whole blood cells. In severe cases, liver and spleen may even be ruptured. The virus can also invade the nervous system, and very few people will develop meningitis, encephalitis and other diseases. Many people mistake infectious mononucleosis for the common cold. There is still a big difference between the two. Although the early symptoms are similar, infectious mononucleosis lasts for a longer time and the course of the disease is long. The patient indicates a serious condition and is prone to complications. In the treatment of infectious mononucleosis, symptomatic and supportive treatment is the main treatment, bed rest, and vigorous activity only 3 months after symptoms improve. Anti-fever treatment during high fever, anti-viral therapy, glucocorticoids are needed when there are severe throat edema and other organ complications. The infection rate of Epstein-Barr virus is very high among normal adults. About 90% of adults have Epstein-Barr virus antibodies, which are mainly transmitted through saliva. Most Epstein-Barr virus infections are invisible infections, long-term or even life-long latent in the body’s white blood cells. Once the body’s immune function is low, it will make people uneasy and prone to repeated attacks. Epstein-Barr virus infection is closely related to lymphoma and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Couple dating comes standard with a “three-piece suit”, hug and hug each other, you know, it’s also risky. In addition, it is best not to kiss babies who are not yet full, especially when they are sick, and learn to refuse special close contact between relatives, friends and children.

How to prevent children from getting infectious diseases?

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.The new crown pneumonia is still spreading around the world, and school will start soon. How should we prevent it? In fact, as long as children gather together, their probability of contracting infectious diseases will increase. Young children are more likely to get sick, because they don’t like to wash their hands, and they like to touch each other, rub their eyes, etc., and infectious diseases can easily get in. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Although it is impossible for schools to keep toys and other objects in a very hygienic state at all times, many precautions and work specifications can help control the spread of infectious diseases. The school pays attention to maintaining the sanitation and health of the internal environment. The sink should be installed so that it is easy for children to see and use. A clear and clear sign was posted to remind children to “wash their hands after going to the toilet”, and at the same time, children are required to strictly observe this point. Remind children to wash their hands after blowing or wiping their nose and before taking food, which can greatly reduce the risk of infection. Classrooms and equipment are cleaned at least once a day. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. As a parent, your actions can also help control the spread of infectious diseases. When your child has a fever, has an infectious disease or needs extra care, try to take the child home from school. In addition, if someone in your family is diagnosed with a certain infectious disease, you should tell the school staff in time. If there is a serious and highly contagious disease, the staff should inform other parents to be vigilant about the disease. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Immunization can largely prevent the outbreak of serious infectious diseases. Schools should require children to be vaccinated in time (at the age when they should be vaccinated) to prevent hepatitis B, rotavirus infection, whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, polio, influenza (flu), Haemophilus influenzae type B infection, Pneumonia, measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis A and chickenpox (in addition, for certain high-risk children, meningococcal vaccine is also required). At the same time, it is also necessary to pay attention to the immunization status of school staff. If you are not sure whether you have been vaccinated before, you should let the staff supplement the vaccination in time. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Remember, teaching your child the correct health care and hand washing habits can help him reduce the risk of contracting infectious diseases. As for whether it is necessary to wear a mask to go to school, if children accept it, wearing a mask in a crowded indoor environment will definitely have a positive effect on the prevention of respiratory-borne diseases. But you can’t wear a mask during physical education class! Whether to wear masks compulsorily will be determined according to the local epidemic situation after school starts. If there is no new crown or flu epidemic in the local area, there is no need to compulsorily wear masks. Finally, parents should teach themselves some knowledge about common diseases in young children. Once some common diseases appear in school, you will know how to deal with them.

Summer skin care strategies for children (chickenpox)

Varicella is a contact infectious disease caused by varicella-zoster virus infection. It is highly contagious, mainly through respiratory droplets and skin contact. Children aged 1 to 5 years have the most common disease, and they can get permanent immunity after getting sick. The main manifestations are maculas, papules, herpes, and scabs that appear on the whole body in batches. The scabs can fall off on their own after 8 to 9 days, and generally do not leave scars. The first 3 days of onset may be accompanied by systemic symptoms such as fever. The rash is generally itchy. Secondary infection may occur after scratching. A very small number of children may have complications such as encephalitis. The virus in the patient’s dry crust and blister fluid is infectious. The child should be isolated at home for 14 days after becoming ill. How to deal with chickenpox in children? 1. Children should be treated in isolation. Children who have not developed the disease should avoid contact with those who have the disease. Those who have contacted should be observed for 2 weeks; 2. The blister fluid flowing out of the ulcer can be dipped in 3% hydrogen peroxide or 0.&nbsp.1%. ~0.2% Iodophor and purple syrup for local rubbing and disinfection; 3. Children’s clothes and bed sheets can be scalded in boiling water, and then exposed to the sun after washing; 4. Frequent ventilation can also release air Disinfection, to prevent acne from being transmitted through the respiratory tract; 5. Children should be prevented from scratching with their hands to avoid bacterial infection. Take Kairuitan syrup, etc., or apply zinc oxide lotion to relieve itching.

To cool off the heat in summer, you need to be prepared to go to swimming venues

To cool off the heat in summer, everyone will go to swimming venues, but if the residual chlorine content in the swimming pool is too high, it will irritate sensitive parts such as the eyes, and may damage the cornea, causing eye redness, pain and other discomfort. You may also be infected with some contagious eye diseases, such as trachoma and pinkeye. Trachoma is a chronic infectious conjunctival keratitis caused by the infection of Chlamydia trachomatis. In severe cases, it can affect vision and may even cause blindness. It is one of the main blind eye diseases. Pink eye disease, also called epidemic conjunctival keratitis, is a highly contagious contact infectious disease. It usually has a rapid onset. The main symptoms include eye congestion, pain, and photophobia, and may also be accompanied by watery discharge. Some patients may also experience systemic symptoms such as headache, fatigue, and fever. In severe cases, it may affect vision and cause corneal pansies. Pinkeye can spread infection, the onset is more rapid, the incubation period is 1-3 days. I suggest everyone: on the premise of ensuring that your body is in good condition, do personal hygiene, bring your own swimming suits, bath towels, towels and other personal items, avoid sharing towels, cosmetics and other items with others, and it is best not to wear contact lenses when swimming , After swimming, rinse your body and swimming objects, and try not to rub your eyes with your hands.

Will genital warts be treated without treatment?

Condyloma acuminatum is highly contagious, the condition is repeated, and the symptoms are not obvious. It has a period of incubation period. Therefore, after a period of treatment, many patients stop continuing the treatment after seeing the condition relieved. This will lead to the condition. The possibility of aggravation may even transform into a malignant tumor. Therefore, there is no possibility of self-improvement in condyloma acuminatum, and this probability is almost zero.   Infect others    Condyloma acuminatum is extremely contagious, as long as you come into contact with items stained with patient secretions, such as towels, footbaths, and toilet seats.  Affects pregnancy and fertility   If a pregnant woman suffers from genital warts, then the genital warts will be transmitted to the baby during childbirth, causing the baby to also have genital warts. Therefore, it is recommended that female patients with condyloma acuminata go to pregnancy and childbirth after treatment.  Easy to become cancerous  malignant tumors are the most serious accompanying symptoms of genital warts. After hpv16 and 18 infection, if the treatment is not the first time, it is very likely to cause malignant tumors such as penile cancer and cervical cancer in the future.

What is sars and what are its performance

What is sars   &nbsp.1, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome    Sars is the English abbreviation of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes, and its Chinese means Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, which is a new type of respiratory infectious disease caused by the Sars coronavirus. Sars is extremely contagious. Like other viral infectious diseases, it is spread through close air droplets or contact with patients’ respiratory secretions. The main clinical manifestations are fever, headache, muscle aches and fatigue. , Dry cough and less sputum, severe respiratory distress may occur.  &Nbsp.2, SARS    Sars is called infectious atypical pneumonia in our country, abbreviated as SARS. Typical pneumonia is caused by bacteria, and the acute respiratory infection caused by pathogens other than bacteria, such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, adenovirus, and other unknown microorganisms with pneumonia is called atypical pneumonia. Sars’ pathogen is a kind of A variant of the coronavirus, so Sars is a type of atypical pneumonia, which is highly infectious, so it is infectious atypical pneumonia.

Does genital warts really induce cancer?

  Condyloma acuminatum is very contagious, so if it is not treated in time, it may harm individuals, families, future generations and even society. And condyloma acuminatum is contagious even during the incubation period, most patients will be transmitted to their sexual partners. If the pregnant woman is infected, it may cause papilloma of the throat of the baby.  According to statistics, a small number of genital warts on the vulva, cervix, and perianal may change after a period of time, and they may develop into carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma.   In addition, there are a small number of penile cancer and female vulvar cancer, which are caused by condyloma acuminatum. The long-term treatment of recurrent condyloma acuminatum and huge condyloma acuminatum is more likely to become cancerous.  More experimental research also proves that there is a causal relationship between human papillomavirus, condyloma acuminatum and genital cancer.   In fact, patients do not have to be overly nervous, genital warts can be cured. Therefore, if a condyloma acuminatum is diagnosed, the patient must maintain an optimistic and positive attitude and go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible to avoid irreparable consequences.

Series of live broadcast courses on immunization during pregnancy and childbirth

Background Introduction Vaccines are one of the greatest inventions in the history of human medicine. In developed countries, the main cause of human death is chronic diseases, while in underdeveloped areas, infectious diseases are still the number one killer. Vaccination is the most effective prevention of infectious diseases. Disease means. However, everyone still has concerns and worries about vaccination during pregnancy: some are worried about whether the vaccination during pregnancy will have an adverse effect on the fetus, and some are worried about whether the change in immune status after pregnancy will affect the effect of vaccination. Many questions, where is the answer? From 20:00-21:00 on the evening of July 18, 2020 (Saturday), Dr. Duan Tao will broadcast live online to share the contents of vaccination during pregnancy. Why do I need to be vaccinated during pregnancy? Is vaccination safe during pregnancy? Is vaccination during pregnancy as effective as vaccination during non-pregnancy? What are the recommended vaccines during pregnancy? What vaccines should I avoid during pregnancy? Scan the QR code below to enter the live broadcast room and welcome to listen on time.

Hu Guisheng: Will leukemia be transmitted through blood?

Assistant Hu Guisheng WeChat: dd326751 Source: Transferred from WeChat public account [Hu Guisheng studio] Leukemia is a malignant tumor caused by blood disease, which brings great harm to our health. But leukemia is not contagious. Here we analyze whether there is a possibility of infection from the onset factors and blood infection. Also study how to diagnose leukemia.  Analysis of pathogenic factors is not infectious. The etiology of leukemia is mainly related to viral infection, ionizing radiation, genetic factors, and chemical factors. Judging from the therapeutic factors of leukemia, leukemia is not infectious, and leukemia will not get sick because of infection. The etiology of its onset is diverse, and there is no possibility of infection. Therefore, it is necessary to stay away from radiation and chemical pollution in daily life and pay attention to life safety to prevent leukemia.  Leukemia does not spread through blood. This is because the body has a certain repelling effect on foreign substances. Even if a small amount of leukemia cells enter the body, the body can quickly remove them and destroy them. Foreign leukemia cells cannot continue to grow and reproduce in the body. Therefore, leukemia cannot be transmitted through the blood.   At present, no leukemia is listed as a member of infectious diseases worldwide. In daily diagnosis and treatment, it is not necessary to take isolation measures for patients, and different blood patients (including leukemia patients) are admitted in the blood ward, and there is no mutual infection. The medical staff who usually have long-term contact with leukemia patients have not been infected with leukemia.  Through the above analysis, we made it clear that leukemia is not contagious. So if there are leukemia patients around, don’t be afraid to contact them, care more about them, and give them more care. But leukemia can be transmitted to the next generation by genetic methods, so couples need to do a marriage check before giving birth. Leukemia is a disease that is difficult to treat. Most of this disease will be treated by bone marrow transplantation, otherwise it will affect the safety of patients.

【Lanzhou Long University Male Department】Which department should balanitis go to?

[Lanzhou Long University Male Department] Which department should Lanzhou Hospital balanitis go to? The male glans are part of the male’s important reproductive organs. Once a small part of the male genitals has problems, it is necessary to meet in time Yes, any disease has a big impact on the health of men. Balanitis is one of the effects. Balanitis poses a great threat to the health of male friends. Why do you suffer from balanitis? .  Lanzhou Longda Hospital tells you: how to suffer from balanitis    There are many causes of balanitis, and the following are common:   1. Non-bacterial infectious factors, in terms of traumatic nature, are mostly caused by trauma, zippers, or injuries during intercourse. At this time, the foreskin may be quite red and swollen and painful. If it is scratched because of a parasitic infection of the penis, it will merge. Itchy feeling. Therefore, usually pay attention to protect yourself to avoid injury and reduce the chance of inflammation of the foreskin. 2. Infectious factors, pathogenic original bacteria, molds or parasites that cause such infections. Candida albicans is often caused by molds. In addition to redness and swelling of the foreskin or glans, sometimes small and irregular erosive types are seen Small white spots cover the surface of the glans, and foreskin balanitis caused by trichomonas vaginalis (parasites) is usually ulcer-like. There is also an erosive type balanitis that is caused by bacterial infections and often occurs in phimosis patients. There are foul secretions, and the surface of the glans will show many small round and superficial erosions.  3. Balanitis caused by improper use of drugs. Foreskin balanitis caused by drugs often has itching and burning sensation, and the site of infection is not as large as infectious foreskin balanitis, but is single or a small piece of superficial Similar to abrasions, and the boundaries are obvious, it is important to take a certain medicine first, and the most common cause of inflammation of the foreskin is tetracycline.   4. Infectious disease, but usually after the formation of chancres, the white fusion surface appears on the glans and the glans will show edema, which is the same as general infectious foreskin balanitis, the entire glans appear red and swollen, odor and secretion are not the same .   Warm reminder: The above is an introduction to why balanitis occurs. If you have any other questions, please click on the online consultation, the online doctor will answer it for you, you can click on the free online reservation, no need to line up, saving your precious time. 》》》How much does Lanzhou Longda Men’s Hospital treat balanitis?

Scientific medication and nursing of children’s diarrhea and infectious diarrhea in summer

What should I do if my child has diarrhea in summer, and how to correctly treat children’s infectious diarrhea and scientific home care? Children’s diarrhea is caused by multiple factors and is characterized by an increase in the number of stools (more than 3 times per day) and changes in stool characteristics Gastrointestinal syndrome. It is one of the most common diseases of infants and young children in my country. It is also a type of disease with a large number of pediatric consultation cases in summer. Enterovirus infections and enteritis caused by harmful bacteria are the most common causes of diarrhea in summer. &nbsp.&nbsp. Routine laboratory tests for suspected infectious diarrhea: stool routine: when there is a suspected bacterial infection of diarrhea, red and white blood cells can be seen in the stool routine examination; routine microscopic examination shows a large number of red and white blood cells or pus cells, which are common bacterial Dysentery; sometimes phagocytic cells are seen in bacterial diseases. Routine examination of feces shows no white blood cells, and most of them are diarrhea caused by viral infection. Combined with the examination of enteroviruses such as rotavirus, it can also clarify the status of viral infection. &nbsp.&nbsp. Today I will focus on medication. Children with infectious diarrhea often have more obvious dilute watery stools, and some are accompanied by early vomiting. When two symptoms appear, dehydration is often caused, and pediatric clinical dehydration is mild to moderate. Common, you can refer to the following table, capable parents to assess whether the child is dehydrated and the degree of dehydration, or it is difficult to determine, let the professional pediatric doctor see the doctor for clarity. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Or refer to the above baby dehydration assessment chart to briefly analyze the child’s current dehydration situation. &nbsp.&nbsp.1 Oral rehydration salt: So in the treatment, the first thing to prevent dehydration and treat dehydration is to give oral rehydration salt (ORS) treatment, mainly for mild to moderate dehydration treatment (Note: moderate dehydration has complications And severe dehydration requires infusion fluid replacement and further hospital diagnosis and treatment), has obvious effects. Oral rehydration salts are alkaline oral granules composed of sodium, potassium, glucose, etc., which can correct electrolyte disturbances (low blood sodium and potassium) and acidosis caused by dehydration in children. &nbsp.&nbsp. Prevention of specific medications: From the beginning of the child’s diarrhea, give enough liquid to prevent dehydration, give ORS, it is best to add a certain amount of liquid after each loose stool (&lt. 6 months: 50ml ; 6 months and 2 years old: 100ml; 2-10 years old: 150ml; children over 10 years old (optional) until diarrhea stops. For children with mild to moderate dehydration: ORS dosage (m1) = body weight (kg) × (50-75), take it within 4 hours. For example, for a child weighing 10 kg, the amount of oral rehydration salt treatment for dehydration is: 10 × (50-75) = 500ml to 750ml; evaluate the dehydration after 4h. If the dehydration does not relieve, you can go to the hospital for treatment and infusion treatment if necessary. &nbsp.2 ​​Zinc supplement treatment&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Zinc is an important trace element in children. Zinc is an important component of multi-coenzymes involved in the repair of damaged mucous membranes in the digestive tract. Clinical studies have shown that in children with acute and chronic diarrhea, zinc supplementation significantly speeds up the recovery of the child and shortens the course of diarrhea by more than 20%. Therefore, it is recommended that all children with diarrhea should supplement zinc after the start of diarrhea. It is given after a meal, either zinc gluconate or zinc sulfate on the market is recommended. That is, over 6 months of age, supplement 20mg of elemental zinc every day, and under 6 months of age, supplement 10mg of elemental zinc every day for 10-14 days. &nbsp.&nbsp.3 Probiotic preparations Some probiotics have a good effect on the treatment of acute infectious diarrhea in children, especially the watery diarrhea caused by viral and bacterial infections. It is better to give the effect in the early stage of the disease. It is recommended to use Saccharomyces boulardii, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, other Lactobacillus (Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus acidophilus) and Bifidobacterium combined with Lactobacillus, Streptococcus thermophilus , Can not only shorten the course of diarrhea, but also inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria in the intestine, reduce the possible performance of bacterial inflammation. &nbsp.&nbsp.4 Montmorillonite (Smecta, Kentling), for the treatment of children with acute watery diarrhea, can shorten the course of diarrhea, reduce the number and amount of diarrhea and defecation, and clearly converge the anti-diarrheal effect. Usage and dosage: &lt. 1 year old child: 3g/d, divided into 2 times, &gt. 1 year old patient

Patients with blood diseases are prone to “infection”, what is the main reason?

The infection of blood system diseases is divided into “infective fever” and “fever caused by blood diseases”. Improper treatment can easily lead to fluctuating disease progression or even danger. For this premise, it is necessary to distinguish the type of blood disease infection. Relevant analysis is made below. Talk about the causes of “infection” of blood diseases ① There are often pathogenic causes of infectious fever, such as the invasion of bacteria or fungi; ② or the intestinal barrier function is severely damaged or the intestinal barrier function is weakened after intestinal mucosa injury, and the conditions of the intestine Or normal bacteria or fungi have become the causative infectious pathogen. ③ In addition, the poor general basic condition of the patient is also a key factor for infection, that is to say, the patient itself is in a condition of blood disease, after chemotherapy, and poor nutrition absorption. At the same time, it is accompanied by abnormalities in the total number of white blood cells or the quality of white blood cells, such as neutrophil deficiency, or obvious abnormal tumorous white blood cells. The number of normal white blood cells that can resist disease and infection is significantly reduced, and the fever is lost due to the loss of anti-infective ability. When fever occurs, don’t rush to determine the infection, you need to distinguish under what circumstances is infectious fever, when is the fever caused by blood disease. If there is no certain judgment, it is very difficult to deal with. If you have any questions about this article or the disease, please feel free to follow us on WeChat and search more: xyb56035035

Preliminary research suggests that the new coronavirus may be chimeric with the MERS virus

On June 8, a well-known scientific research website published a message. The research team of the international centers in the United States, Japan, Canada, etc. did a study and found that the new coronavirus that was circulating this time was likely to be the same as the MERS virus that was circulating ten years ago. Mosaic occurred. That is to say, the two viruses may be hybridized together, so it has both the pathogenicity and infectivity of the two viruses. In fact, the pathogenicity and lethality of the new coronavirus is not strong, and the mortality rate caused by it is not high, but its infectivity is very strong, and it is easy to cause rapid transmission in the population, but the MERS virus occurs in the Middle East. The coronavirus is very lethal, and half of the infected people die, but its infectivity is not strong. The lethality and infectivity of viral infections are opposite. But if these two viruses are chimeric together, part of them have the characteristics of new coronavirus and part of them have the characteristics of MERS virus, which will lead to strong infectivity and lethality. So this is why the epidemic of the new coronavirus has caused infections of 6-7 million people, and hundreds of thousands of people have died from the new coronavirus. From the perspective of this research, it can explain why the virus has such results, but this research is very preliminary and needs further confirmation.

Will it be infected by contact with patients with vitiligo?

I believe that you have also seen some patients with vitiligo in life. After suffering from vitiligo, the patient’s body skin surface will appear white spots, and the site of the vitiligo is still the skin area of ​​the patient’s skin that is relatively bare, so it is said that patients with vitiligo Appearance will be greatly affected, and many normal people will stay away from vitiligo patients after seeing vitiligo patients. They are afraid that vitiligo will spread to themselves. They think vitiligo is infectious, so many people are unwilling to contact vitiligo patients. Then, will vitiligo and vitiligo patients be infected, is vitiligo not contagious? Many people want to know whether vitiligo is not contagious, will it be infected with vitiligo patients? In fact, vitiligo is It is not infectious, and we will not suffer from vitiligo when we are in contact with patients with vitiligo. Infection requires pathogens, but there are no pathogens in vitiligo patients. Vitiligo is just a phenomenon of white spots on the skin caused by the lack of melanin in the body. Therefore, we should not discriminate against patients with vitiligo, care for patients with vitiligo, and contact with patients with vitiligo will not cause vitiligo. Vitiligo is not contagious, and contact with patients with vitiligo will not be infected with vitiligo. Although vitiligo is not contagious, it will not happen because of infection. However, there are many factors in life that can cause vitiligo. For example, the lack of trace elements in the body, decreased body immunity, skin trauma infection, etc. can all cause vitiligo. Therefore, everyone must also take measures to prevent vitiligo in their lives. Although vitiligo is not contagious, it will not be infected when contacted with patients with vitiligo, but after suffering from vitiligo, it is very harmful to the patient’s health. If the leukoplakia will not spread in time, vitiligo will also cause There are many complications, so if you have vitiligo, you should go to a hospital that treats vitiligo as soon as possible. You should treat the disease as soon as possible. Contact with patients with vitiligo will not be infected, but vitiligo is very harmful to human health, will affect the appearance of patients, and will also harm the health of patients, so if you have vitiligo, you should go to the hospital for inspection as soon as possible. Treatment, vitiligo must be discovered and treated early, so that the disease can be treated as soon as possible, and the patient’s body can also recover.

In summer, there is a high incidence of perianal abscess, children should have more attention!

& nbsp. What is a perianal abscess? Perianal and perirectal abscess, often referred to as perianal abscess clinically, is an acute purulent infectious disease that occurs around the anus, anal canal, and rectum. & nbsp. Perianal abscess is the incidence of three major diseases of the anorectal department about 2%, accounting for 8% to 25% of anorectal diseases. It is more common in men between 20 and 40 years old. The incidence of males is 3 to 4 times that of females, and the incidence of children is relatively high. & nbsp. It was another year of scorching sun. Recently, the weather was sunny and the temperature reached a new high. With the increase of temperature, bacteria are rapidly multiplying and spreading, which also causes summer to become a season of high incidence of various infectious diseases, and perianal abscess is one of them. Modern medicine believes that the occurrence of perianal abscess is mainly related to the following factors: infection factors: the anal sinus is easy to retain fecal residues, has an appropriate temperature and humidity, provides favorable conditions for the propagation of bacteria, and anal gland infection is Perianal abscess is the most common factor. In addition, infection caused by local injury is also an important cause of perianal abscess. & nbsp. & nbsp. Infants and young children, because the immune system is not yet fully developed, local anal canal immune function is poor, can cause the onset of perianal abscess. & nbsp. & nbsp. Clinically, some parents of children found that perianal abscess self-applying fish stone fat ointment caused ulceration and exacerbated into anal fistula, and there were also many cases of death caused by shock infection caused by abscess spread. Therefore, once the perianal abscess is found, it must be taken seriously and treated in time, especially the abscesses that occur in the ischial rectum fossa, pelvic rectum fossa on both sides of the anus, and the perineal fascia in front of the male are the most dangerous. It can cause abscesses to spread, bacteria into the blood, produce toxins, form sepsis, lead to septic shock, and even life-threatening. & nbsp. & nbsp. How to prevent it? 1. Pay attention to the hygiene of the anus, penetrate the gas underwear, change the underwear frequently, and clean the anus after the stool. 2. Eat less spicy, greasy food, eat more fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and other easily digestible foods. Do not drink alcohol or eat spoiled food. 3. Actively treat related diseases, such as diabetes, tuberculosis, anal sinusitis, and diarrhea. If there is discomfort in the anus, go to the hospital for anorectal treatment as soon as possible. & nbsp. & nbsp.

Condyloma acuminatum

First of all, we need to make sure that the earlier the genital warts must be treated, the better, because the more procrastination, the greater the risk of secondary infections, and the later the warts grow, the greater the impact on the patient’s body and life. Secondly, condyloma acuminatum is actually no matter sooner or later, because as long as you pass the incubation period, the virus breaks out and is officially infected. It is different from tumors. There is no problem of metastasis of cancer cells in the later period. It only has the number and size of warts. The problem. Condyloma acuminatum is very harmful, and early treatment is the key. However, for patients with advanced genital warts, if the treatment is not active and incomplete, especially some with high-risk viruses, it is highly contagious and can be transmitted to family members or others, causing infection. The stronger the infectivity, the body’s immune system is suppressed, and the less likely the disease is to heal, the longer the recurrence. Traditional remedies can only remove superficial warts. Therefore, when treating condyloma acuminatum, remember: “Remove the virus in the body, cut the grass and remove the roots”. In addition, under appropriate conditions (when staying up late, anxiety caused by low immunity, when not paying attention to personal hygiene) HPV The virus will reignite and form new neoplasms. At present, as long as the patient does not have immune system diseases, such as: AIDS, systemic lupus erythematosus, kidney disease and other immune system diseases, through the national patent 2011101665723 Chinese medicine group can be completely cured, the cure rate reached 99.62%, the country The Intellectual Property Office can inquire about patent details.

Genital herpes is not so thorough, can you prepare for pregnancy?

Genital herpes is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus infection and occurring in the skin and mucous membranes of the genital area. Its transmission routes are mainly sexual contact transmission, indirect contact transmission, and mother-to-child transmission (male health problems, Click here for online consultation) Before the patient is cured, it is not recommended to prepare for pregnancy. This is because, from the patient’s point of view, when men suffer from genital herpes, they will have fever and tingling, and in severe cases, they will even be purulent. If the patient wants to have sex, the pain will increase. The situation may be painful, and from the other half of the patient, the germs on the male genitalia enter the female body through the combination of the sexes, causing cross-infection. Therefore, during the treatment, it is necessary to avoid sexual contact and it is not suitable for pregnancy preparation. In addition, there is no cure for genital herpes, which will affect the quality of the patient’s sperm, making it difficult for sperm to combine with egg cells, which will affect fertility. For women, if they are infected with genital herpes without knowledge, vagina will appear In some cases, the pain directly leads to women’s infertility, but even if they are pregnant, if the patient’s infection causes inflammation inside the uterus, it is not conducive to fetal development and may eventually give birth to unhealthy children (male health problems) , Click here for online consultation) This is because, reproduction Genital herpes is growing in parts of the herpes simplex virus is contagious skin disease. The basic feature is that once infected, the cycle occurs, the lingering does not heal, and it can cause infertility, infertility, stillbirth, teratology, and sexual dysfunction. The primary infection often recurs after a certain period of dormancy after the primary infection. The cause of the recurrence is fever , Menstrual cramps, fatigue, mental stress, psychological shadows, etc. If the treatment of genital herpes disease is not timely and thorough, especially for some patients with high-risk virus, it is highly contagious and can be transmitted to family members or others. The stronger the infectivity, the effective and safe treatment of the body’s immune system. Therefore, patients do not have to be nervous, as long as they take the treatment and prevention of diseases seriously, all patients can recover and recover (male health problems, click here for online consultation). In addition, it can produce disseminated HSV infection, viral meningitis, spinal cord A series of complications such as spinal neuritis and pelvic inflammatory disease syndrome. Genital herpes of pregnant women can also cause intrauterine HSV infection and neonatal infection

What do women check before pregnancy?

(1) Routine examination; routine blood and urine examination: check whether there is anemia, blood system diseases, urinary tract infections, etc. Liver and kidney function tests: check to exclude liver and kidney diseases, blood pressure and weight: check for high-risk factors such as hypertension and obesity (2) gynecological reproductive system check: routine examination of leucorrhea: check for bacteria, mold, trichomonas and other pathogen Infection, if there is an infection and the symptoms are serious, it can be treated in time before pregnancy to avoid the adverse pregnancy outcome caused by the worsening of pregnancy. Gynecological ultrasound examination: check whether the uterus, ovaries and other lesions affect pregnancy. (3) Special examination: TORCH examination: Toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus and other (Spirillosis, parvovirus B19 and other pathogens are micro. Screening for infectious diseases such as AIDS. Note: Each person’s physical condition is different. During the examination, the doctor will increase or decrease the corresponding examination items. Usually the first pregnancy, good health, without any history of bad pregnancy, do not need to do too many examinations.