What are the symptoms of genital warts in infants?

   Condyloma acuminata is a sexually transmitted disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. According to reports in recent years, the incidence of condyloma acuminata in children has also been increasing rapidly. Condyloma acuminatum is a very common sexually transmitted disease. In this chaotic society, condyloma acuminatum has been part of the gender and age of men and women. Experts point out that There are infant patients among patients with genital warts, so it is very important to understand the symptoms of infantile genital warts.   1. Condyloma acuminatum occurs in infants and young children mainly in the vulva, urethral orifice, vagina, foreskin and perianal. Condyloma acuminatum is the most common site in male children.  2. Condyloma acuminata in infants and young children is more common in the throat and oral cavity, especially in infants under 3 years of age, almost all condyloma acuminata occurs in the throat.  3. Other parts of infantile condyloma are gums, tongue frenulum, upper lip, tongue palate, labia, urethral opening, foreskin, and perineum. In addition to the above-mentioned parts, it is reported that some infants and young children with condyloma acuminata are also found in the navel, buttocks, groin, thighs, neck, ears, hands and feet.  Experts said: Condyloma acuminatum has complicated inducements and difficult treatment. It should cause face-up and see a doctor early to avoid delay in treatment. Babies get sick soon after birth. Whether induced by genetic factors or directly caused by other factors, whether young babies can receive treatment can only be known after clinical diagnosis. For babies who are not suitable for treatment, they must be observed first. The best treatment method to start the treatment of condyloma acuminata when the time is right for treatment. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.

This sleeping action is dangerous. If you don’t pay attention, your child will get hurt and become stupid! Stop now

In her sleep, Wei Wei was awakened by the baby’s crying again. She hurriedly propped up her tired body mechanically, walked to the child to pat the baby, softly comforting, but the child cried more and more. As a novice mother, Wei Wei is very deprived of sleep. The fragmented sleep time makes her whole brain unable to function rationally. Now that the child does not mean to stop crying, she is completely dazed and does not know what to do. At this time, Wei Wei’s lover also woke up. He rubbed his confused eyes and said: “Try to pick up the child, shake it, shake it, I think many people use this to coax the child to sleep.” When Weiwei heard this, she suddenly realized that she quickly picked up the child and started shaking it as if she was grabbing a straw. At first, she controlled her strength and shook gently, but the cry of the child did not mean to stop at all. This made Wei Wei more nervous and agitated-she involuntarily increased the intensity and amplitude of the shaking. But the effect is very small… In fact, when the baby feels everything is very comfortable, he won’t cry. There is no way to solve the problem blindly like Wei Wei. More importantly, shaking a baby like her to a large extent may harm the child’s health unknowingly without realizing it. This is really not alarmist! Shaking the baby improperly may cause “baby shaking syndrome”. 1. What is baby shake syndrome? Infant shaking syndrome is also known as baby cradle syndrome. The American Academy of Pediatrics AAP describes it as a kind of head abuse injury, which mostly occurs in children between 0-4 years old. In other words, it refers to the damage to the baby’s brain after violent or continuous shaking: mild cases: vomiting, restlessness, fatigue; severe cases: bleeding from eyes and/or ears, difficulty breathing, slow reactions, developmental delay, and mental retardation ; Even worse, they will die from intracranial hematoma. 2. Just shaking, why does it cause brain damage? Give everyone an image metaphor. Regardless of adults or children, the brain tissues are as fragile as “tofu” and must be protected from external impacts in order to protect the safety of brain tissues. “Tofu” is placed in the box and shaken gently, there will be no damage, but if it is shaken vigorously at acceleration and deceleration, it will be very hurt! The baby’s head development is inherently not stable enough. Compared with adults, the weight and volume of the baby’s head account for a much higher proportion of the whole body. In addition, the neck muscles of infants and young children are not yet mature and the head support is weak. When someone shakes them hard, the child’s head will turn involuntarily. This violent shaking makes the infant’s fragile brain tissue oscillate back and forth in the hard skull, which is prone to damage, swelling, and even tearing and bleeding. 3. These dangerous actions can also cause shaking syndrome. Not only violent shaking can cause shaking syndrome, these actions can also bring the risk of brain damage to the baby: throw the child into the air and catch it; hold the baby in circles; Throw the baby directly on the bed/sofa, etc.; these pictures seem warm and loving, but the process of throwing the baby up and falling freely can produce speed differences, which will make the baby’s hard skull and delicate and delicate brain tissue They collide with each other, creating danger. Warm reminder: It is recommended to choose a stroller with shockproof function, and put a soft and comfortable baby pillow on the baby when going out to avoid bumping the child’s head. Fourth, this is not okay, that is not okay, how can you coax the child? Shaking baby syndrome is caused by vigorous, violent, and continuous shaking. Gentle shaking will not bring evil results. Be careful. If mom and dad are upset by the children’s quarrel, they must pay attention to control their emotions, otherwise it is easy to miss and cause excessive force. In addition, once the baby is crying, parents need to find out the cause in time, whether it is hungry, urinating, sick or uncomfortable, or caused by too cold and too hot, and find the source of the crying through judgment. Excluding these factors, the following comfort methods can be used for reference: (1) The baby can be wrapped in an appropriate amount of clothing, like a newborn baby, but be careful not to be too tight. Some babies also like baby slings very much, because the slings can be close to the family’s body and sway gently and slightly. (2) Give your baby a pacifier. Pacifiers, as the name suggests, the biggest role is to satisfy the baby’s non-nutritive sucking and soothe the baby’s emotions. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that breast-fed babies 4-6 weeks after birth, when the baby has learned to eat breast milk and has developed a breast-feeding habit, then use a pacifier. After 6 months, you can gradually

What’s the matter with a baby with a big belly?

Some newborn babies have big belly, and some have their belly gradually enlarged as they grow up. Among them, fetal polycystic kidney disease is one of the important reasons. Experts in the theory of polycystic kidney disease point out that: fetal polycystic kidney has at least three conditions, one is infantile polycystic kidney, the other is adult polycystic kidney (although it is rare, it still happens from time to time), and third It is dysplastic polycystic kidney. The first two types of fetal polycystic kidney disease are covered in a special article. Here, the focus is on infant polycystic kidney disease. This disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. Although its incidence is very low, the prognosis is very poor. The reasons are: 1. Compared with adult polycystic kidney disease, its performance is more complicated. In addition to causing uremia, it is also accompanied by liver fibrosis and portal hypertension. The prognosis of this disease is very poor; 2. Age of onset Too small, it is difficult to use medicine. The age of onset of infantile polycystic kidney disease is often in infancy (it has appeared in the fetal period), which has caused great obstacles to medication. If some patients have a later onset, they can choose dialysis or medication. Thus, the difference between fetal polycystic kidney and infant polycystic kidney is still very big. If it is found that it is a fetal polycystic kidney, it is necessary to carefully analyze which type it belongs to and take corresponding countermeasures.

What to do with baby anal fissure

   Anal fissure is a common anal canal disease. Anal fissure refers to a fissure that is deep below the dentinal line of the anal canal and full of skin. Anal fissure is a common disease in infancy, and its cause is mainly related to diet. If milk is fed, supplementary food is not added in time, resulting in dry stools; excessive force during defecation, and hard stools force through the anal canal, causing deep lacerations on the skin of the anal canal. It can also be damaged by rubbing with rough toilet paper, or by squirting out the stool when suffering from diarrhea. The clinical manifestations are severe pain in the anus during and after defecation, so the baby is irritable and crying.  The baby who is in the fastest growth and development period suffers from anal fissure. As long as the parents take timely measures, it can be cured quickly.   1. Breastfeeding should be promoted. Breast milk is the best nourishment for babies. Breast milk mainly contains lactalbumin, which is easy to digest and absorb. Therefore, babies who eat breast milk have soft stools.  2. Let the child develop good hygiene habits and keep the stool smooth. Parents should cultivate good habits for their children to defecate on time every day, not picky eaters, not partial eclipses. Daily intake of a certain amount of water and fresh vegetables containing cellulose will help keep the stool smooth. Once constipation occurs, you can often feed the baby with smooth foods such as kefir, soy milk, honey, bananas, and fruits.   3. Keep the local area clean and hygienic. The child has an anal fissure. Parents should gently wipe clean with soft toilet paper after every bowel movement, and then use 1:5000 potassium permanganate (PP powder) warm water solution to sit in the bath for 10-20 minutes. Local disinfection accelerates the healing of cracks.   4. Local cauterization treatment. For children with recurrent anal fissures for a long time, parents can use 20% silver nitrate to burn locally under the guidance of a doctor, and then wipe off the excess silver nitrate with a cotton swab moistened with normal saline. Once a day, the anal fissure will be very severe. Heal quickly.   In order to effectively prevent constipation, anal fissure and blood in the stool in children, parents should pay attention to the following three points:    (1) scientific feeding. Children’s diet should be combined with their physiological characteristics to meet growth needs and protect the body’s health. Therefore, there must be a reasonable dietary structure. Children must take in enough protein (such as milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, etc.), but they must also take in an appropriate proportion of carbohydrates (such as grain, vegetables, etc.), and they do not necessarily eat refined white rice and rich flour. , Should eat more whole grains, vegetables and fruits and other foods rich in dietary fiber, which has a greater effect on preventing constipation in children. (2) Allow the child to have an appropriate amount of activity. In the late neonatal period, the child can be prone on an empty stomach, and the baby can be allowed to roll and crawl on the bed when the baby is slightly older. This is not only helpful for preventing constipation, but also for the healthy development of the child. benefit.   (3) Cultivate children’s good habit of defecation on time. It is necessary to choose when the parents and children are not busy, let the children defecate, and do it patiently and on time every day, which can develop the habit of defecation on time. When the child has constipation, anal fissure, and blood in the stool, parents should not simply use laxatives or insert kaisailu into the child’s anus. They should let the child eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water, and treat the symptoms and root causes. Alleviate the suffering of children.

Nursing strategies for summer skin diseases in children (infantile eczema)

Infant eczema, commonly known as “milk ringworm”, is an allergic skin disease caused by food allergies such as milk and eggs. It may also be a skin disease caused by genetic qualities. Infant eczema usually occurs from 1 month to 2 years after birth, and it is most serious in babies of 2-3 months. It often occurs on the cheeks, scalp, forehead, between the eyebrows, neck, under the jaw or behind the ears, and can also extend to other parts. The shape of the rash is similar. Some babies have yellow greasy scales or scabs on the flushed skin, while others have rashes and small blisters scattered on the flushed skin. Often accompanied by itching, babies often leaned on their mother’s body to rub against the itching, until the small blisters were rubbed off and a large area of ​​flushing and moist erosion was formed. At this time, there is a lot of exudate, which can be soaked through the clothes and quilt, and it can form scabs after drying, or it can be secondary to purulent infection, or cause nearby lymph nodes to swell. Milk ringworm will heal quickly after proper treatment, but it often recurs. Most of it disappears on its own after weaning, but there are also some that do not heal. What should I do if my baby has eczema? 1.&nbsp. The mother eats fish, shrimp, crab, chicken, etc., and protein can be passed to the baby through breast milk. It should be observed whether the baby’s eczema is aggravated by the mother’s diet. If it gets worse, consider changing the feeding method, or the nursing mother should avoid eating Fish, shrimp, crabs and other foods; 2. Milk allergies, keep breastfeeding as much as possible; 3. Keep the baby’s skin clean locally to avoid infection. When the rash is watery and crusted, do not scrub with hot soap to avoid leakage. More and more, the scab becomes thicker and thicker. Use vegetable oil to gently rub the scab. Do not peel off the scab forcibly. 4. Use H1 receptor blockers to relieve the itching symptoms to reduce itching and prevent secondary infections. Antibiotics can be used when there is a secondary infection; 5. When the skin has local water erosion or redness, use 2% boric acid aqueous solution or 0.1 Revernul solution wet compress, after the exudate and erosion disappear, topical corticosteroid preparations, such as eczema Frost, hydrogen frost, etc. To

Many children refer to the cause of deformity

To have a healthy baby is one or two things that every pregnant mother is most looking forward to, but sometimes things go against their wishes. The birth of a baby is congenital and it may be that many people hope to avoid this and use a baby. Refer to the deformity more than anything to find out the cause! \1, genetic N: Infant refers to the cause of multiple genetic factors. It is understood that 60% of infants who will be in the family have suffered too much finger phenomenon, so multiple fingers, this situation and inheritance is a great The relationship is not only for the next generation, but also has the chance of inheritance across generations. \2, Environment N: Environmental factors have a close relationship with what causes polydactyly in infants. Many polydactyly babies cause the mother’s environment. When the fetus is already in the womb, the adverse development of the mother’s factors to the environment occurs because of, such as drugs , Infection, radiation and teratogenic factors. \3. Prevention: In order to reduce the probability of polydacty in your baby, mothers must do a good job in pregnancy health care and reasonable diet for human and viral infections and infectious diseases after pregnancy. They must leave. If they have abnormal conditions, We must actively go to big hospitals to diagnose and treat according to our own situation to ensure the healthy development of the fetus.

What is unhealthy narcissism?

Narcissism exists in everyone, healthy narcissism is normal, while pathological narcissism is a personality defect, paranoid personality, feel good about oneself, interacting with narcissistic personality makes people feel very uncomfortable. The formation of narcissism is that in the early life of the baby, the baby’s self-development is blocked, and it is not separated from the caregiver (important object) during growth. When the baby needs an object, the object cannot be satisfied in time for some reason, and the baby will turn this need to itself. That is to use delusional projection to oneself, thinking that oneself is omnipotent. This state is fixed in this period, and the baby’s subjectiveness cannot be separated from the object. I am the object, and the object is me. The needs of my object can be used for self-needs. Satisfaction, and infinite exaggeration of this illusory satisfaction, this is pathological narcissism. The pathological narcissist develops a narcissistic personality when he grows up. Because he can’t distinguish himself from others, he continues to project delusions, his own needs are the needs of others, and others must satisfy me. I am the center of the world. Once they are not satisfied, the narcissist will have anger, or rejection or fear, and then may have delusions of persecution, which will seriously affect the development of interpersonal relationships. Narcissists generally do not know their own narcissistic state. This is mainly because the formation of narcissism is in the early stage of cognition and has severe cognitive impairment, so the self cannot be aware of their own problems. But after the formation of paranoia or social phobia, it will be painful. Pathological narcissism is harmful and requires self-growth under the leadership of psychologists to gradually get rid of narcissism. The relationship is serious and borderless, which is the key to pathological narcissism!

Pneumonia vaccine may also get pneumonia, especially in children. This is related to the principle of vaccine action

Pneumonia vaccine is mainly used to extract antigen components from Streptococcus pneumoniae to make vaccines, so that patients can gain active immunity before they get sick. In view of the serious harm of pneumococcus, the World Health Organization (WHO) has listed it as a disease that requires “very high priority” vaccine prevention. Will the child not get pneumonia after the pneumonia vaccine? The answer is of course no. Pneumonia is a common disease and high incidence in children, and it is one of the serious public health problems in the world. Among all pathogens that cause pneumonia, Streptococcus pneumoniae ranks first. It is also the main pathogen causing serious diseases such as acute otitis media, sinusitis, meningitis and bacteremia in children. Streptococcus pneumoniae is widely distributed in nature. Humans are the only host and can spread from person to person. It is generally spread by respiratory droplets or autologous infection caused by colonizing bacteria. The risk of infection in infants and the elderly is relatively high. . The isolation rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae from nasopharyngeal swabs can reach 20%-40% among healthy children under 5 years of age or with upper respiratory tract infection in my country. Children younger than 2 years old have a much higher incidence of pneumococcal disease than other age groups. Currently, pneumonia vaccines include 13-valent and 23-valent vaccines. In China, 13-valent vaccines are only approved for infants and young children between 6 weeks and 15 months of age. It is difficult for the 23-valent vaccine to produce sufficient and long-lasting antibodies for infants younger than 2 years old. Therefore, it is only recommended for people at high risk of pneumococcal infection (various chronic diseases, congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, splenectomy, People infected with HIV, the elderly, etc.). Generally, only 1 dose is required. 1. Pneumococcal vaccine can only cover about 80% of the disease-causing serotypes, and about 20% of other serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae may cause diseases and cannot be prevented. 2. There are many pathogens that cause pneumonia. In addition to the most common pneumococcus, other bacteria, viruses, fungi, mycoplasma, chlamydia, etc. can cause pneumonia, and the pneumonia vaccine has no preventive effect on these pathogens. 3. After vaccination, the body’s immune system needs to be stimulated to produce protective antibodies. If the immune status is poor during the vaccination period, the necessary immune effect may not be produced after vaccination, that is, sufficient titer of antibodies has not been produced. Which children need to be vaccinated against pneumonia? For infants with poor immunity, pneumonia may be fatal, and vaccination against pneumonia is necessary. Therefore, pneumonia vaccination is recommended for the following children. 1. Children with malnutrition and anemia; 2. Children with congenital heart, respiratory, and central nervous system diseases; 3. Premature infants and low birth weight infants; 4. Children with chronic respiratory diseases, compare Common allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, etc. 5. Children with secondary immunodeficiency; 6. Children living in boarding schools for a long time.

Improper parent of breeder, good eating habits, benefit the child for a lifetime

I believe many people have seen grandma chasing children to feed. The child runs while eating, eating while playing, and eating while watching TV. Three meals a day, people turn their backs. The grandmother’s legs became thinner, and her waist was broken. The child was either a fat man or a skinny monkey. Picky eaters may be the biggest headache for parents. Did you know that there are some things that you might have done wrong from the beginning. 1. Good habit, starting from the first bite of complementary food, most children can add complementary food at 6 months. At this time, most children begin to be interested in food, and often pay attention to your chewing mouth. His oral motor function, touch, smell, psychology and cognition are all ready to accept new things. Of course, during this period, the baby’s gastrointestinal tract and other digestive organs have also been relatively well-developed and can digest diversified foods other than breast milk. Eating is not only the first step for the child to receive nutrition other than breast milk, but also the first step for the child’s psychological, perception, and cognitive development. If your child has the following conditions earlier, you can add supplementary food: interested in other people’s food, and able to take food by themselves; like to put something in the mouth; can control the tongue, make the food move in the mouth; start passing Chew by opening and closing the jaw. Note that supplementary food should not exceed 4 months at the earliest. 2. Refuse to “dip vegetable soup” for children, do not add supplementary foods and supplementary foods should maintain the original flavor, without adding salt, sugar and irritating condiments. This is a hard requirement. Every parent should know. Maintaining the natural taste of food can increase the acceptance of food by infants and young children and reduce the risk of partial eclipse and picky eaters, because this is the child’s taste sensitive period. Providing children with food that is too stimulating can cause feeding difficulties in the future. The kind of vegetable soup dipped in steamed buns looks delicious when the child eats it. In fact, there are endless troubles. Because everything is tasteless! Supplementary foods for infants and young children should not add additional salt, sugar and irritating condiments. In addition to reducing the intake of sugar and salt in infants and young children, and reducing childhood obesity, the most important thing is the light taste (low salt and low sugar), which can affect the future Greatly reduce the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease in adulthood! 3. Feed patiently and encourage eating, and never force “Children who live with grandparents can only support themselves and never have enough to eat.” Many parents who come to the clinic to see indigestion helplessly complain. The white and fat babies are very pleasing to the elderly, and the children’s not eating is also the most worrying thing for the elderly. From the beginning of adding complementary foods, children do not want to eat, many people will choose: good, baby take another bite. Open mouth, ah, on-demand feeding has been emphasized for many years, but still a large number of people are difficult to understand. I feel that children should cultivate the good habit of three meals a day, just like adults. Please, how can children be like adults. The baby’s stomach is just a little bit bigger. It is normal to stop eating. Every child’s appetite is different. The child next door likes to eat. If we eat more, our child eats less. Does it mean that we are sick? Some children take a long time to accept the new. It is best to observe the child’s needs and his eating status, adjust the supplementary diet appropriately, and provide him with reasonable meals according to the child’s needs. Good eating habits need parents to cultivate. I am Mengqiu, thank you for your attention and subscription.

Never ignore the symptoms of infant epilepsy

June 28 this year is the third “International Epilepsy Care Day”. This year’s theme is “Focus on Epilepsy, Standardize Diagnosis and Treatment”. New progress in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy in children” Epilepsy is not what the common people mistakenly believe that “Once the disease occurs, you are not stupid or paralyzed.” After standardized diagnosis and treatment, 60%-70% of patients can control the disease well without affecting work and life.   60 %-70% Epilepsy controllable epilepsy, commonly known as “sheep epilepsy”, is one of the five main neuropsychiatric diseases that the World Health Organization can prevent and treat. There are currently more than 9 million people with epilepsy in the country. There are 40 new cases of epilepsy in China every year 10,000, 40% are children under 15 years old, 75%-80% onset is before 18 years old, 0-1 years old is the first peak.    Epilepsy has long been mistaken for “a major chronic disease” by ordinary people. Stupid and paralyzed”, children with epilepsy and their parents are all under tremendous social and psychological pressure. In fact, most epilepsy itself is not terrible. If you actively cooperate with doctors to regulate diagnosis and treatment, 60%-70% can be good for the onset. Land control will not affect work and life.   Don’t ignore the symptoms of epilepsy in infants.” For infants, the symptoms of epilepsy are very different from those of adults, and it is easy to be ignored. “Epilepsy is not as common people imagine it must be’falling cramps’ and’foaming at the mouth’. If the baby has repetitive nodding, twitching, smirking, etc., it may be an epileptic seizure. Because there has not been a seizure before. For any sign, the repetition interval of infant epilepsy symptoms is not the same, from a few seconds to a few years, so these symptoms can easily be ignored by parents and miss the best treatment time.”

Four methods of infant anal fissure health care

 Anal fissure is a common disease in infancy, and the cause is mainly related to the baby’s diet.   The clinical manifestations of anal fissure in infants are severe pain in the anus during and after defecation, so the infant is irritable and crying. Babies who are in the fastest period of growth and development are suffering from anal fissures. As long as parents take timely measures, they can be cured quickly. Experts tell you four methods for infant anal fissure health care:    1. Breastfeeding. Breast milk mainly contains lactalbumin, which is easy to digest and absorb, so babies who eat breast milk have soft stools.   2. Cultivate children’s regular bowel habits. Parents should cultivate the good habit of children to defecate regularly every day, and at the same time allow children to take in a certain amount of water and fresh vegetables containing fiber every day to help keep children’s bowel movements smooth.   3. Keep the area clean and hygienic. The child has an anal fissure. Parents should wipe clean with soft toilet paper every time the child has a bowel movement, and then use 1:5000 potassium permanganate (PP powder) warm water solution to sit in the bath for 10-20 minutes, which can help the local area. Disinfecting and accelerating the healing of cracks 4. Local cauterization treatment. For children with recurrent anal fissures for a long time, parents can use 20% silver nitrate to burn locally under the guidance of a doctor, and then wipe off the excess silver nitrate with a cotton swab soaked in saline. Once a day, the anal fissure will be very severe. Fast healing

What are the harms of genital warts to the body

Condyloma acuminata disease is a disease that many people worry about. There are many difficulties in the treatment of this disease, it is difficult to cure, and it is also a disease that is relatively easy to relapse. In order to better help everyone understand this disease, we will use the article below. What are the hazards of genital warts?    1. Infect others. Condyloma acuminatum is very contagious. As long as you come into contact with items that are contaminated with patient secretions, such as towels, footbaths, and toilet seats, you are likely to develop condyloma acuminata.  2. Condyloma acuminatum can also spread to babies and affect the quality of fertility. In normal life, if there are pregnant women with genital warts, babies passing through the birth canal may be infected during delivery, causing infants to bite and suck tract warts.   3. Prone to cancer. If condyloma acuminata is not treated in time or the symptoms do not cure the cause, repeated attacks may also cause the condyloma acuminata virus to become cancerous. Especially for women, studies have found that women’s chances of canceration of genital warts are much higher than that of men.

What should children and women do with anal fissure?

 Children’s illness is the most worrying for parents. Infant anal fissures are very common in our lives. What about infants’ anal fissures?   1. Cultivate children’s good habit of defecation on time. It is necessary to choose when the parents and children are not tight, let the child defecate, and do it patiently and on time every day, which can develop the habit of defecation on time, which can effectively prevent infants from anal fissure.   2. To prevent anal fissure in infants, it is necessary to cultivate regular bowel habits. Parents should cultivate good habits for children to defecate regularly every day, and at the same time allow children to take in a certain amount of water and fresh vegetables containing fiber every day to help keep their children’s stools smooth.  3. What should I do with infant anal fissure? To prevent and treat infant anal fissure, local hygiene must be maintained. The child has an anal fissure. Parents should wipe clean with soft toilet paper every time the child has a bowel movement, and then use 1:5000 potassium permanganate (PP powder) warm water solution to sit in a bath for 10-20 minutes. Disinfecting and accelerating the healing of cracks 4. Local cauterization treatment. For children with recurrent anal fissures for a long time, parents can use 20% silver nitrate to burn locally under the guidance of a doctor, and then wipe off the excess silver nitrate with a cotton swab soaked in saline. Once a day, the anal fissure will be very severe. Heal quickly. 5. Allow the child to have an appropriate amount of activity. In the late neonatal period, the child can be prone on an empty stomach, and the baby can be rolled and crawled on the bed when the baby is slightly older. This is not only good for preventing constipation, but also good for the healthy development of the child .  What to do with baby anal fissures, in summary, is to develop reasonable hygiene and living habits. If you have any questions about this, you can consult our online doctor. You should eat more whole grains, vegetables and fruits and other foods rich in dietary fiber, which has a greater effect on preventing anal fissure. In fact, anal fissure is a relatively common disease, which is common in women after childbirth, and there are many reasons that can lead to postpartum anal fissure. When doctors treat patients, they first need to treat postpartum anal fissures. Analyze the hazards and etiology, and then tell pregnant women what to do with postpartum anal fissures.   Anal fissure is very harmful to the human body:    easily leads to anemia. So that hemorrhoids with blood as the main symptom often have anemia. If you do not receive timely treatment, as the patient’s blood loss increases, the patient will appear pale, fatigue, dizziness, weakness, memory loss, and even vertigo and tinnitus. Standing up suddenly after sitting for a long time and squatting can cause collapse or fainting. In severe cases, decreased appetite, abdominal distension, and edema of lower limbs. Easily lead to skin eczema: due to prolapse of hemorrhoids and loose sphincter, mucus flowing out of the anus irritates the skin, causing itchy skin and anal eczema. Induced rectal cancer: If hemorrhoids are not treated in time, the lesions will continue to aggravate, causing changes in the cell genes in the lesion area, leading to rectal cancer.   Women with hemorrhoids can cause gynecological inflammation. Due to the close proximity of the anus and the vagina, if the hemorrhoids bleed or become inflamed, the bacteria will often multiply and enter the vagina, causing various vaginitis, urethritis, cystitis, adnexitis and other urogenital inflammation.   Maternal anal fissures are caused by long-term bed rest after childbirth, little activity and slow bowel movements. At the same time, the abdominal wall is dilated during pregnancy, the abdominal wall is loose and weak, and the abdominal pressure is reduced. This will make the intestinal contents easy to stagnate in the intestinal cavity and difficult to discharge. On the other hand, the more important thing is that the postpartum diet is not proper, eating too many fine foods, not eating or seldom eating vegetables, fruits and other fiber-rich foods, and some people still drink less water. This will inevitably lead to constipation and anal fissure. This is common sense that everyone needs to master when understanding how to deal with postpartum anal fissures in pregnant women. The main symptom of anal fissure is pain after defecation. In severe cases, the pain after defecation can last up to several hours, which makes the patient afraid of defecation. As a result, the stool stays in the intestinal cavity for longer and drier, and the next defecation is painful, forming a vicious circle. Suffering. Therefore, women should pay attention to anal fissures after delivery.

“Every bite is important” The United States first published a feeding guide for children aged 0-2, refusing to add sugar

Every bite is important. This is the slogan for feeding parents from 0 to 2 years old. The United States is in the 20020 version of the dietary guide. Will be included in infant feeding guidelines for the first time. The diet guide is composed of multiple scientists and only one committee. The scientific basis is to provide healthy dietary recommendations for the people. This dietary guide that is being drafted, in addition to continuing the past, dietary recommendations for children over two years of age. For the first time to younger infants and young children. This committee proposed. Within 1,000 days after birth. The nutrition of infants and young children is for long-term health. My eating habits have an important impact. A country’s dietary guidelines have a great influence. Too big he will affect the structure of a country’s food and non-staple food. The future development of the food processing industry. At the same time, it also serves as a dietary guide for the public. With the continuous progress of science. This includes nutrition. Medicine, etc., dietary guidelines are updated regularly. The most compelling information in the guidelines on infant and young child feeding. Say “No” to the added sugar! The experts of the Drafting Committee proposed: Resolutely avoid the addition of sugar in the food and beverages of children under the age of two. Because once added sugar appears. Its heat card invasion will occupy other nutrients needed by infants and young children, greatly increasing the risk of infants lacking nutrition. Drinking sugar-made beverages is associated with being overweight and obese. The added sugar is added to increase the sweetness during the food and beverage processing. It is different from the natural sugar in fruit or milk. Apples and oranges contain sugar, but also fiber and other nutrients. Breast milk also contains sugar, but it is combined with other ingredients throughout breast milk. Together to improve immunity and fight infection, it and fat, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, etc. together form the nutrients needed by the body. 100% pure juice seems to provide the same nutrients as um full fruit, but in fact it is not. Juice for children, especially for infants and children under one year old, is sugar, which has no other nutritional value and must be avoided. At present, the recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics is 1 to 3 years old. Drink pure fruit juice daily, no more than 4 ounces (113 ml), so parents should avoid adding sugar in children’s food and beverages. Because of his connection with childhood obesity and future chronic diseases, previous studies have suggested that babies consume no more than a spoonful of sugar (about 4 grams) per day. For older children, it may not exceed 6 scoops of sugar. It is reported that “nutrient intake at the beginning of life is closely related to the risk of chronic diseases in adulthood” and “every bite is important.” This is the slogan put forward by this revision committee. The committee thinks this slogan is very good, it reminds parents from time to time. Every bite of food and drink you feed your baby will have a big impact on your baby’s future. For older children and adults, this time the grass committee also reduced the intake of added sugar. From the daily intake of sugar-added calorie stations, the total intake of food calories dropped from 10% to 6%. For an adult, 2,000 calories of food are needed every day. Then the calories from added sugar should be less than 120 calories. Now when you listen to ordinary sweet drinks, the hot card provided is 150 cards. So adults drink no more than one ordinary sweet drink every day. Breastfeeding thinks this drafting committee. Breast milk contains very important micronutrients for infant development. Most of these micronutrients are affected by the mother’s diet. There is strong evidence that breastfeeding is overweight and obese compared to children who have never breastfed. Type I diabetes. The risk of asthma and other diseases has been reduced. Some data collected by the Drafting Committee found that infants fed formula milk were more likely to experience rapid weight gain. This is most likely due to the high protein content of the formula. And, in order not to waste milk powder. The draft on overfeeding babies is also emphasized. Do not add any other food before the baby is 4 months old. Studies have found that adding food before 4 months of age is associated with obesity between 2 and 12 years of age. This is especially true for formula-fed infants. Because infants are fed with formula. Compared with breast-fed babies, they cannot adjust how much to eat based on their satiety. There are some subtle adjustments, I will summarize them later, and then write to everyone!

How to treat infantile hemangioma?

A large group of congenital diseases derived from the vasculature used to be collectively referred to as “hemangioma”. With the deepening of medical research, in recent years, there has been a clearer understanding of such diseases. Authoritative professional academic organizations, the International Society of Vascular Disease Research (ISSVA) and the Chinese Medical Association Plastic Surgery Branch Hemangioma and Vascular Malformation Group respectively issued programmatic guidelines for the classification, diagnosis and diagnosis of this major category of diseases The treatment gave detailed and standard opinions. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Hemangiomas are divided into infantile hemangiomas and vascular malformations. Infant hemangiomas include superficial, deep, and mixed parts. Vascular malformations include capillary malformations, venous malformations, arteriovenous malformations, microcystic lymphatic malformations and large cystic lymphatic malformations. Definition of infantile hemangioma: The disease process is characterized by rapid hyperplasia, stable plateau and regression phase. Endothelial cell hyperplasia in hyperplasia phase, mast cell number increases, and mast cell count in regression phase is normal, it is the most common benign tumor in infants and young children. The incidence rate of newborns is 2%, and the incidence rate can reach 10% by 1 year of age. The incidence of hemangioma is higher in women than men, with a male to female ratio of 1:3. It usually does not exist at the time of birth, and about 70-90% occurs within 1 month. 9 to 12 months after birth is the rapid hyperplasia of the lesions, which can subside at a rate of 10% per year thereafter. (Some hemangiomas are not recommended to wait for resolution) Why do not hemangiomas wait for resolution? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. 25%-69% of the children’s residual skin and subcutaneous tissue degenerative changes after the untreated tumor has resolved, including scars, atrophy, hypopigmentation, capillary dilation and skin relaxation. Whether hemangiomas require active intervention depends on the comprehensive evaluation of multiple factors such as the location of the lesion, the speed of development, and whether there are complications. Why is surgical resection not recommended?   Surgery to completely remove the lesion is one of the important treatments, but this is usually not possible. Complete resection is only possible if the lesion is small and confined to a single muscle or muscle group and does not affect function after resection. Large-scale surgical resection often results in major bleeding, nerve damage, loss of motor function, surgical scars and impaired appearance. Modern treatment concept of hemangioma The treatment of infantile hemangioma in our hospital is based on different patients, different parts, different types of hemangioma, and chooses different treatment methods. At present, it is mainly local topical and systemic medication, and the main treatment drug is propranolol. (Propranolol), the purpose is to inhibit the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells, promote tumor regression, and reduce tumor residues. This is supplemented by minimally invasive treatment techniques such as high-frequency electrocoagulation, compound narrow-spectrum photodynamics, ultrasound micro-mediated surgery, or local injection.  Warm reminder  Hemangiomas and vascular malformations are benign diseases and are usually not life-threatening. Patients and their families should have a good attitude and actively cooperate with the doctor’s treatment. Some special cases, rapid development and cases with serious complications can cause serious consequences, including facial damage, limb dysfunction and even life-threatening. Such patients should be detected early and intervened as early as possible to avoid or reduce the adverse consequences.

Causes of intellectual disability

Some people with intellectual disabilities may hear this word, and they will feel that it is genetic or mentally impaired. Everyone’s attitude is normal, but the cause of this disease will not be so simple. Let’s take a look at the causes of intellectual disability. 1. First, in the pre-birth stage of the baby, the abnormal genetic inheritance Chromosomal abnormalities lead to dysplasia of the nervous system, resulting in defects in the baby’s genetics, which is somewhat rare. 2. In addition, the fetus will take some drugs when the mother is infected by the virus during the maternal period, and the first three months of pregnancy is the stage of the development of the baby’s nervous system. At this stage, the drugs taken by the pregnant woman will become the toxins absorbed by the baby. Brain damage. 3. Premature birth, dystocia, and brain damage during childbirth in pregnant women will cause impaired brain development of the baby. 4. The first two years after the child’s birth is when the brain develops rapidly, and the pathogenic factors encountered during this period are more dangerous. 5. When talking about mental retardation in the past, only the problem of brain development and the anatomical factors of the brain were considered. In recent years, research by experts has shown that auditory, visual, and tactile stimuli all have certain effects on the deterioration of brain development. These factors must be paid more attention to in order to avoid the occurrence of intellectual disabilities. Based on the above explanation of the causes of intellectual disability, I believe that everyone has understood the reasons. If there is such a disease in everyone’s life, please diagnose and treat it in time to keep the hazard away from the child.

Causes of intellectual disability

 Mentally retarded people may hear this word, and they will feel that they are suffering from mental retardation. It must be genetic or abnormal development. Everyone’s attitude is normal, but the cause of this disease will not be so simple. Let’s understand what causes intellectual disability. 1. First, in the pre-birth stage of the baby, the genetic abnormality is inherited. Chromosome abnormalities lead to dysplasia of the nervous system, resulting in defects in the baby’s genetics, which is somewhat rare. 2. In addition, the fetus will take some drugs when the mother is infected by the virus during the maternal period, and the first three months of pregnancy is the stage of the development of the baby’s nervous system. At this stage, the drugs taken by the pregnant woman will become the toxins absorbed by the baby. Brain damage. 3. Premature birth, dystocia, and brain damage during childbirth in pregnant women will cause impaired brain development of the baby. 4. The first two years after the child’s birth is when the brain develops rapidly, and the pathogenic factors encountered during this period are more dangerous. 5. When talking about mental retardation in the past, only the problem of brain development and the anatomical factors of the brain were considered. In recent years, studies have shown that auditory, visual, and tactile stimuli have a certain effect on the deterioration of brain development. Strength, these factors must arouse more attention to avoid the occurrence of intellectual disabilities. Based on the above explanation of the causes of intellectual disability, I believe that everyone has understood the reasons. If there is such a disease in everyone’s life, please diagnose and treat it in time to keep the hazard away from the child.

How to prevent the occurrence of hypertensive cerebral palsy

Hypertonic cerebral palsy refers to the non-progressive brain damage syndrome during the developmental period of the baby from birth to 1 month after birth, mainly manifested as central dyskinesia and abnormal posture, transient dyskinesia caused by other reasons, and progressive brain Diseases and spinal cord diseases are not within the scope of this disease. Moreover, this disease is not only difficult to cure, but also stubborn and difficult to eradicate. Many people do not want to suffer from the disease. How do we do prevention work? Let me introduce it to you. How to prevent the onset of hypertonic cerebral palsy 1. During pregnancy: Rubella virus infection should be prevented. 2. After pregnancy: Conduct regular health checkup: Pay attention to eliminate the factors of dystocia, if there is high blood pressure, diabetes should be actively treated. Ensure nutrition and prevent premature delivery. Avoid unnecessary medication. Choose a maternity hospital according to the expected date of delivery and prepare for safe delivery 3. After the baby is born: Focus on the protection of immature infants, asphyxia, severe jaundice infants, and carry out necessary treatments such as oxygen inhalation, into the incubator, etc. Cardiac injuries should be followed up and screened regularly. 4. Educate parents to recognize the early symptoms of meningitis: such as fever, neck stiffness, drowsiness, etc., once found, timely treatment. 5. Encourage breastfeeding: immunize infants with one, two or three vaccines, polio, rubella or tuberculosis. 6. For those with backward motor development, abnormal posture, poor breastfeeding, screaming to sleep, muscles that are too soft or too hard, attention should be paid to brain lesions. 7. Children with fever: Take off your clothes, wipe your body with ice water, drink plenty of water, and treat in time. The above is the prevention of cerebral palsy. If unfortunately suffering from cerebral palsy, it should be sent to the hospital for treatment in time to avoid serious consequences caused by missing the better treatment time. For example, it will make the patient function in all aspects. The gradual decline will cause communication barriers, visual and auditory barriers, etc. to the patient.

How do you get genital warts?

  It is well known that condyloma acuminatum is a common STD in modern society. Because it is very contagious, many people are very scared when they hear genital warts, worrying that they will accidentally get infected one day. In fact, genital warts are very contagious, but not everyone is easily infected. Let’s talk about how to get genital warts? 1. Dirty contact with condyloma acuminatum is a type of sexually transmitted disease. More than one in ten patients who are clinically infected with the disease are due to unclean contact with a third person other than a fixed partner, and the third person happens to carry HPV People with viruses or condyloma acuminata have a very high chance of direct sexual contact.   2. Indirect infection   Condyloma acuminatum virus will survive for several hours in a suitable environment after leaving the human body. It is more common on toilet seats, personal private bath towels, and public baths.  3. Mother-to-child transmission  Among infants and young children with condyloma acuminatum, some newborns suffer from laryngeal papilloma. Due to the diagnosis of condyloma acuminatum during pregnancy, the clinical recommendation is to choose cesarean section. If you choose to give birth in childbirth, it may infect the baby’s respiratory tract in the birth canal, resulting in laryngeal papilloma in infants and young children. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.

8 symptoms to determine whether the child has cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy, medically known as pediatric cerebral palsy, or pediatric cerebral palsy, often has symptoms such as intellectual deficiencies, epilepsy, abnormal behavior, mental disorders, developmental disorders, and visual, hearing, and language disorders. Once a child suffers from cerebral palsy, it may have an irreversible impact on his life. So, can we judge whether a baby has cerebral palsy based on the early symptoms? Let’s take a look below.   8 symptoms, to determine whether the child has cerebral palsy    1. Cerebral palsy patients will be excessively irritated. If a child has cerebral palsy, they will be easily startled, cry more than once, and will also experience difficulty falling asleep. 2. Patients with cerebral palsy will have difficulty eating. If a child suffers from cerebral palsy, during early feeding, he will have difficulty chewing, drinking, and swallowing, as well as symptoms such as salivation, frequent spitting, and breathing disorders. 3. If the baby cannot lift his head after more than 100 days, his head will still sway when he lifts his waist from April to May, and he may suffer from cerebral palsy. 4. If the baby’s expression is indifferent 4-6 weeks after birth, it often shows a frowning face, and there are few active movements, which may cause cerebral palsy. 5. Patients with cerebral palsy will have behavioral disorders, mainly manifested as still unable to stand or step after 3 months, thumbs still adducted after 4 months, hands not open, and objects will not reach out to grab after 5 months. 6.&nbsp. Patients with cerebral palsy will have the phenomenon that the muscles are soft and cannot turn over, and the movements are stiff and slow. If it is difficult to put the baby’s upper limbs into the cuffs when dressing; when the diaper is cleaned, the baby’s thighs are not easy to abduct; when the palms are rubbed, the baby and the limbs are stiff when taking a bath, there is a possibility of suffering from cerebral palsy. 7. Research shows that nearly 30% of children with cerebral palsy have similar severe “intestinal colic” performance in the first 3 months of life. 8. Infants with spastic diplegia may have stiff lower limbs before standing up, standing on their toes like ballet dancers.  The above abnormalities are signs of cerebral palsy children in the early stage. If we judge whether the child has cerebral palsy through judgment, it will be of great help to the child’s treatment and physical recovery. What are the causes of pediatric cerebral palsy?   In order to better prevent the occurrence of cerebral palsy in children, we need to know what causes the cerebral palsy in children. In general, the causes of cerebral palsy in children are: parents smoking, alcoholism, drug addiction; mother suffering from mental illness; diabetes during pregnancy, vaginal bleeding, hypertension during pregnancy, placenta previa, threatened abortion or taking contraceptives to treat infertility Drugs, fetal drugs, etc.; mother has high birth rate, premature delivery, abortion history, etc.; intrauterine infection, intrauterine distress, placental dysfunction, etc. cause fetal growth retardation; premature or postnatal hypoxic ischemia, intracranial hemorrhage, infection , Poisoning and malnutrition.  How to prevent cerebral palsy in children? 1. Before pregnancy, parents quit smoking and alcohol, take birth control pills less, develop good living habits, if they have high blood pressure, diabetes should be actively treated, but also to prevent rubella virus infection. ;   2. After pregnancy, pregnant women should go to the hospital regularly for health check, pay attention to eliminate the factors of dystocia, ensure nutrition, and prevent premature birth. 3. After the baby is born, pay attention to protect the premature and immature baby, and carry out necessary treatment. 4. After the baby is born, it is best to breastfeed to ensure that the baby is adequately nourished.  5.&nbsp. Regularly immunize infants with one, two or three vaccines, polio, rubella or tuberculosis.   6. If parents find that the child has fever, neck stiffness, drowsiness, diarrhea, etc., they should be sent to the hospital for prompt treatment.   7. For those with backward motor development, abnormal posture, poor breastfeeding, screaming and not sleeping, muscles that are too soft or too hard, attention should be paid to brain lesions.