What causes genital warts

   Condyloma acuminata is a skin venereal disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in private parts of the human body, perianal, anal canal, etc. Generally speaking, the disease will not occur in normal couples. Why do you say that? This should start from what caused the disease. There are dozens of types of HPV viruses that cause genital warts, among which HPV6 and 11 are common types. When a healthy person has direct or indirect contact with a person suffering from genital warts or carrying HPV virus, the healthy person It may be infected. In other words, HPV virus infection is the root cause of the disease. Especially people who have had a history of unclean sex are at higher risk of infection, because you cannot be sure that their sexual partners are healthy. The chance of indirect infection is relatively low, mainly due to contact with personal items used by the infected person, such as underwear, bath towels, towels or toilets. Warm reminder: To prevent the occurrence of condyloma acuminatum, it is necessary to cleanse yourself, stay away from unclean sex, pay attention to personal hygiene, and avoid direct or indirect contact with other people’s bath towels, towels and other items. Generally, you will not be infected. . Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.

What is the chance of infection between couples with genital warts?

   Condyloma acuminatum is a kind of sexually transmitted disease, and it is also one of the eight major sexually transmitted diseases that my country focuses on prevention and treatment. In our outpatient clinics every year, we will see many patients of different ages. In the early years, most of them were adults. In recent years, infections among minors have become more common. Since the disease is mainly spread through sexual contact, it is mostly simultaneously infected between couples. And some couples do have a single infection, so what is going on?   Although sexual transmission is the main mode of transmission of the disease, indirect transmission of the disease may occur. What is an indirect infection? It is when a healthy person accidentally uses items such as bath towels, towels or toilets used by other infected persons. These items are contaminated with the HPV virus, and they are prone to infection after contact. But in contrast, the chance of indirect infection is relatively low. If a couple is sick, they must pay attention to the separate use of personal daily necessities to avoid indirect contact, and it is not easy to infect each other.   Warm reminder: There is an infection between husband and wife, don’t be too jealous, indirect infection is also a common clinical way. After being diagnosed, intercourse is forbidden, and actively cooperate with doctors for treatment, and strive for a speedy recovery. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.

Is the quilt covered by genital warts infected?

   As people pay more attention to health science knowledge, the problem of condyloma acuminata has begun to be taken seriously. Many people have begun to pay attention to whether they have symptoms such as lumps in their private parts or around the anus. If there is a similar situation, it will consider diseases such as condyloma acuminatum. So, some people do not have unclean sexual contact, why do they contract this disease? Some people worry about sleeping with a roommate of the same sex. Will they be infected?   People who have not had sexual contact may also be infected with genital warts, mainly through indirect contact. This indirect contact includes many aspects, mainly refers to the use of the infected person, especially personal items. For example, bath towels, towels, underwear, sitting toilets, etc. Of course, it also includes the quilt that the patient covers at night. Because it is close to the affected area, it may also be infected with HPV. If these virus-contaminated items are used by other healthy people, there is a chance of being infected, leading to indirect infection.   Warm reminder: If you live with a patient with condyloma acuminata, you need to use your personal daily necessities separately regardless of your partner relationship to avoid indirect infection. It is recommended not to sleep together. Sleeping in separate beds is an effective way to reduce the chance of infection. Please pay attention to it. Reprint please indicate: Nanjing Institute of gifted Ka medical wart virus Lixing Chun, otherwise declined to reprint.

What does it mean to have an elevated blood bilirubin on physical examination? The doctor will show you the test report

When we are in the hospital for medical treatment or physical examination, we will take blood tests. One of the items is bilirubin. So what disease does elevated bilirubin represent? 1. What is bilirubin? Bilirubin is the main pigment in bile, including total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and indirect bilirubin. The lifespan of human red blood cells is generally 120 days. After death, red blood cells become indirect bilirubin, which is converted into direct bilirubin by the liver to form bile, which is discharged into the biliary tract and finally discharged through stool. This is the normal conversion of bilirubin in the liver. The sum of direct bilirubin and indirect bilirubin is total bilirubin. Most of the bilirubin comes from the breakdown of aging red blood cells; about 15% is formed by the destruction of immature red blood cells in the bone marrow during hematopoiesis. 2. What is the significance of bilirubin? Bilirubin reference value: [total bilirubin] 1.71 ~ 21μmol / L [direct bilirubin] 0 ~ 7.32μmol / L [indirect bilirubin 0 ~ 13.68μmol / L bilirubin is an important indicator of liver function, It is also the main basis for judging jaundice, which is helpful for the diagnosis of hepatobiliary diseases and blood diseases. The determination of serum bilirubin is an important test item in liver and biliary function tests. It can accurately reflect the degree of jaundice, which is of great significance for clinical diagnosis of recessive jaundice. 3. The reason for the increase of bilirubin? 1. Physiologically elevated Neonatal bilirubin rises 2 to 3 days after birth, peaks at 4 to 6 days, and resolves at 7 to 10 days. Premature babies last longer, except for a slight loss of appetite. Clinical symptoms. Long-term drinking and strenuous exercise may also cause the increase of bilirubin. The high level of bilirubin caused by physiological factors will generally recover on its own after adjustment. 2. The proportion of diseased elevated direct bilirubin increased in total bilirubin is greater than 30%. Direct bilirubin increased mainly, mainly found in: gallstones, pancreatic head cancer, etc .; extensive intrahepatic bile duct stones, Clonorchiasis sinensis, etc .; hepatitis, drug-induced liver disease, multiple jaundice during pregnancy, etc. Symptoms often include fever, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Indirect bilirubin is too high, and the red blood cells are destroyed too much, which is toxic to the cells and cannot be excreted through the kidneys. Indirect bilirubin is too high, indicating that the liver’s compensatory ability is low or the liver has problems. Indirect elevated bilirubin may be acute jaundice hepatitis, acute liver necrosis, chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, hemolytic anemia, incompatible blood group transfusion, hepatocellular jaundice, severe burns, sepsis, malaria, hypersplenism, malignancy Anemia, globin production disorder anemia, lead poisoning, drug-induced jaundice, etc. Increased total bilirubin and direct bilirubin are seen in intrahepatic and extrahepatic obstructive jaundice, pancreatic head cancer, capillary bile duct hepatitis and other bile stasis syndrome. The increase of total bilirubin and indirect bilirubin can be seen in hemolytic anemia, blood transfusion incompatibility, malignant diseases, neonatal jaundice, etc. Increased total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and indirect bilirubin are seen in acute jaundice hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, toxic hepatitis, etc. Of course, any disease is not that simple. It does not mean that which bilirubin is elevated must be what disease. Diagnosing a disease requires a comprehensive judgment combined with medical history, symptoms, laboratory tests, etc. to give the final diagnosis. The most common cause of elevated bilirubin is liver and gallbladder problems, and you need to consult a doctor in the gastroenterology department. At any time, only by diagnosing the cause of the disease can we know how to treat it, rather than taking the medicine out of sight.

Male condyloma acuminatum has been photodynamic for a week and still relapses, what should I do later?

Condyloma acuminatum is now a clinically more infectious disease, generally through sexual transmission and indirect sexual transmission, but indirect sexual transmission is still a small number, many do not know what to do after checking out genital warts, afraid If the treatment is not good, I am worried that the cost will be too great to afford. It is wrong to leave it alone. This will only make the condition worse and worse, because condyloma acuminatum is not self-satisfied. There are also many people who choose laser and photodynamic physiotherapy during the treatment of condyloma acuminatum, and they will relapse soon. Because these treatments can only remove the surface warts, they ca n’t remove the virus in the body at all, so they will keep recurring. Money Spend more and more without saying that he has suffered a lot of sin. If the warts are repeatedly irradiated after repeated laser treatments, they should still recur, and you should treat them rationally. Change the hospital or doctor as soon as possible and choose other treatment methods to avoid falling into the wrong treatment. Repeated laser treatment, not only the cumulative cost is high, but also may cause local skin damage, causing serious harm to the patient’s body and mind. Nanjing Youjia Viral Wart Medical Medical Research Institute, as an authorized unit of the National Invention Patent TCM (patent number: 2011101665723), the hospital is confident that every patient who is diagnosed in the future will be completely cured, rationally treated according to local conditions, and used in accordance with the course of treatment ( (No injection, no surgery), pure Chinese medicine treatment, bathing and oral administration, not only can remove local lesions, but also completely remove HPV virus, so that patients can really recover. The most important point is that we protect the interests of patients, contract treatment, relapse after treatment, full refund! If you are far away, you can remote treatment. ※ Health column & nbsp. My national academic journal “Chinese Sex Science” published a research paper: to explore a new method of patented Chinese medicine prescription for treatment of huge perianal condyloma acuminatum