How to scientifically film adolescent scoliosis?

X-rays are currently the best imaging tool for evaluating spinal deformities. High-quality front and lateral X-rays can clearly show the bony structure to facilitate the measurement and evaluation of the deformity. The anteroposterior film requires the upper end to include the chin, the lower end to include the femoral head, and both sides include the entire rib cage and the outer edge of the ilium. Lateral radiographs require the upper end to include the neck, the lower end to include the femoral head, and both sides to include the entire torso. The frontal X-rays of spinal deformities are all posterior anterior, that is, the patient faces the projection board, and the X-ray beam is injected from the back of the patient. The purpose of this is to reduce the X-ray damage to the thyroid, thymus, and gonadal; the second is to facilitate the reading. The left side of the spinal deformity X-ray film is the left side of the patient, and the right side is the right side of the patient. Corresponding to the clinician’s assessment of the patient’s back deformity and the field of vision for posterior surgery. So what are the posture requirements for shooting X-rays? Orthophotograph: The patient is standing, barefoot, feet shoulder-width apart, knees and hips are naturally straightened, shoulders are relaxed, hands are naturally drooping on both sides of the body, the jaw is flat, and the eyes are straight ahead. Lateral view: Stand in the same way, with both arms flexed at 90°, raised horizontally on the chest. The convex side of the main curve is on the side of the projection plate, and the X-ray beam is incident on the concave side of the main curve to obtain a high-quality lateral film. Pay attention to eliminate the influence of the unequal length of the lower limbs on the spine. If the length difference between the lower limbs is greater than 2cm, the short side of the lower limbs should be raised to keep the pelvis level when shooting.

What are the main symptoms of female epilepsy

What are the main symptoms of female epilepsy? Anti-epileptic experts emphasized that the precursor symptoms of female epilepsy are of great significance to patients. The specific symptoms are as follows:   1, olfactory aura. Including the smell of burnt rubber, fishy, ​​sulfuric acid and other pungent and unpleasant odors.  2, mental aura. Including illusions, hallucinations, seeing or feeling things and scenes that do not actually exist. In addition, there are dizziness, upper abdominal discomfort, and head discomfort.   3. Taste aura. Including bitter, sour, salty, sweet, greasy and other uncomfortable tastes in the mouth.   4. Auditory aura. Including hearing ringtones, bird calls, insect calls, machine sounds, etc.   5. Visual aura. Including seeing moving or stationary light spots, apertures, sparks, black spots, a group of monochromatic or colorful things, etc.   6. Emotional aura. Including anxiety, restlessness, depression, panic, etc. Fear is the more common one.  7, somatosensory aura. Including tingling, numbness, sensory loss, etc.

What are the symptoms of early epilepsy

 1. Somatosensory aura: including tingling, numbness, sensory loss, etc.  2, olfactory aura: including smell of burnt rubber, fishy, ​​sulfuric acid and other pungent and unpleasant odors.  3. Taste aura: including bitter, sour, salty, sweet, greasy and other uncomfortable tastes in the mouth.  4. Mental auras: including delusions, hallucinations, seeing or feeling things and scenes that do not actually exist.   5. Auditory aura: including hearing ringtones, bird calls, insect calls, machines, etc. What are the symptoms of early epilepsy?   6. Visual aura: including seeing moving or stationary light spots, apertures, sparks, black spots, a group of monochromatic or colorful things, etc.  7. Emotional auras: including anxiety, restlessness, depression, panic, etc. Fear is the more common one. In addition, there are dizziness, upper abdominal discomfort, and head discomfort.

What are the symptoms of early epilepsy

What are the symptoms of early epilepsy? The following experts will introduce it to you in detail, there are seven main aspects:    1, somatosensory aura: including tingling, numbness, and loss of sensation.   2. Omen of olfaction: including the smell of burning rubber, fishy smell, sulfuric acid and other pungent odors.   3. Aura of taste: including bitter, sour, salty, sweet, greasy and other uncomfortable taste in the mouth.   4. Spiritual aura: including illusions, hallucinations, seeing or feeling things and scenes that do not actually exist.   5. Auditory aura: including hearing bells, bird calls, insect calls, machines, etc. What are the symptoms of early epilepsy?    6. Visual aura: including seeing moving or stationary light spots, apertures, Mars, black spots, a group of monochrome or colored things, etc.   7. Emotional aura: including anxiety, restlessness, depression, panic, etc. Fear is a more common kind. In addition, there are vertigo, upper abdominal discomfort, head discomfort and so on.

Premonitory signs often precede seizures

 Many epilepsy has aura before the attack, and some patients will tell people around them: “I’m going to be sick”. The child will also have harbingers before the onset of illness, such as sudden fear, running over to hug the adult’s legs, etc. Aura refers to the first sensation of an attack, it is the first part of the attack. The aura occurred before the loss of consciousness and when the memory was still intact. At this time, there may be no abnormalities seen from the outside. The patient is awake and has memory. The aura often lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes, and then the symptoms and seizures appear. Signs. In the past, it was thought that the aura was only related to the seizure. In fact, the seizure started when the aura appeared. The signs of epilepsy include many kinds: ① somatosensory, common numbness and other abnormal sensations; ② visual, usually flashes, colorful highlights or dark haze; ③ auditory, often tinnitus, etc.; ④ smell, including smelling Burnt rubber smell, etc.; ⑤ taste, with a special uncomfortable taste in the mouth; ⑥ emotional, including anxiety, restlessness, depression, etc., fear is the most common kind; ⑦ spirituality, including illusions, hallucinations and others Scenes, common sense of deja vu and rustiness; ⑧ others have dizziness, upper abdominal discomfort and other feelings.

Symptoms of sheep mania

What are the symptoms of sheep madness? How to effectively treat sheep epilepsy, how to effectively prevent these problems are some of the most concerned problems of sheep epilepsy patients. As a disease of the brain, sheep epilepsy has many classifications, sometimes large attacks, sometimes small attacks, sometimes systemic attacks, and sometimes local attacks, in fact, different classifications, sheep epilepsy The symptoms are still different, the classification of sheep epilepsy is different, and the treatment and prevention methods are also very different.  Symptoms of sheep’s madness generally have performances that are easily irritated, irritable, moody, moody, often picky or complaining about others. The performance of the initial stage of the general attack is generally as follows: within a few seconds before the attack, the patient will experience illusions, hallucinations, automatism, local myoclonus, or other special sensations. Some psychomotor seizures can also appear in the early stage of the seizures similar to major seizures. There are also some signs, mainly manifested in the body’s sensory aura: including tingling, numbness, and loss of sensation. Visual aura: including seeing moving or stationary light spots, apertures, Mars, black spots, a group of monochrome or colored things, etc. Auditory aura: including hearing bells, bird calls, bug calls, machine sounds, etc. Omen of olfaction: including the smell of burning rubber, fishy smell, sulfuric acid and other pungent odors. Aura of taste: including bitter, sour, salty, sweet, greasy and other uncomfortable taste in the mouth. Emotional auras: including anxiety, restlessness, depression, panic, etc. Fear is the most common symptom of sheep insanity. Spiritual aura: including illusions, hallucinations, seeing or feeling things and scenes that do not actually exist. In addition, there are vertigo, upper abdominal discomfort, head discomfort and so on. I believe that the reader has really understood some of the symptoms of sheep’s madness through the above description, so we should take preventive measures and treatment measures based on these obvious symptoms, in daily life, when outside activities, etc., We must always pay attention to the personal feelings of sheep epilepsy patients and effectively relieve the suffering of sheep epilepsy patients.