It is well known that the fallopian tube is the place where the egg and sperm combine and transports the fertilized egg. However, due to anomalies in congenital development or acquired tubal inflammation caused by tubal inflammation, induced obstruction of the fallopian tube, or an obstructive effect on the normal peristalsis and patency of the fallopian tube, it will have an adverse effect on the delivery of eggs and the ascending of sperm. The eggs are combined and infertility occurs. This shows that it is very necessary to take effective treatment for tubal occlusion. Therefore, today I will introduce the causes and treatment of tubal blockage in detail. Director Cheng Yahui explained: Causes of tubal blockage 1. Gynecological inflammations such as: vaginitis, cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, salpingitis, and appendicitis, etc., often because these gynecological inflammations are not treated in time or treated incompletely, and the condition is continuous. To. Due to long-term inflammatory stimuli, the fallopian tubes are congested and edematous, thickened, hardened, lumen adhesion, and stenosis until blockage, resulting in obstructive infertility of the fallopian tubes. 2. Induced abortion Induced abortion is the main cause of tubal blockage. Due to various reasons such as mechanical stimulation, improper operation or incomplete abortion during abortion surgery, women often cause various inflammatory infections; with the successive invasion of various pathogenic bacteria, the uterus spreads to the pelvis and fallopian tubes, resulting in infection of the fallopian tubes , Causing blockage of the fallopian tubes. 3. Long-term vaginal bleeding is often due to gynecological tumors, dysfunction, uterine lesions and other reasons, resulting in excessive menstruation, long menstruation, menstrual bleeding, and even irregular vaginal bleeding, such as menstruation twice in a month, without timely treatment. Over time, secondary inflammatory infections cause ulceration, adhesion, and blockage of the inner walls of the fallopian tubes. 4. Reasons for other reproductive organs Surgery of other reproductive organs can also affect the fallopian tubes accidentally, or some diseases of the reproductive organs, because of the presence of inflammation, it may cause obstruction, water accumulation, and adhesions in the fallopian tubes.  . Can the blocked fallopian tube heal itself? Whether the fallopian tube block can heal itself depends on the nature of the fallopian tube block, whether it is functional, mechanical, or pathological. Functional blockage: When the fallopian tube is subjected to certain stimuli and spasticity occurs due to sensitivity, it will cause the opening of the fallopian tube or the lumen of the fallopian tube to contract, causing blockage of the fallopian tube. This blockage will alleviate itself after the stimulation is removed, so this is what we call self-healing. Mechanical blockage: The blockage of the fallopian tubes is caused by the flooding of some “foreign objects”. For example: menstrual endometrial fragments, some residues during abortion, and embryonic tissues. Pathological blockage: This blockage is due to infection, adhesions, and lesions in the fallopian tube. This blockage and mechanical blockage cannot be self-healing. Traditional tubal occlusion treatment Selective tubal angiography (SSG) This treatment is to squeeze and separate the lumen of the fallopian tube by the fluid pressure of the contrast agent and the fluid solution (with anti-inflammatory and anti-adhesion effect), thereby avoiding false blockage The phenomenon of reintroduction of the fallopian tube with a guide wire intervention. Simply put, it is to use fluid and guide wire to clear the lumen of the fallopian tube, just like poke the sewer. The limitation is that it can only solve the problem in the lumen of the fallopian tube. If it is caused by the twisting of the surface of the fallopian tube, there is no way. Hysteroscopy + tubal drainage This is through the lens and operating rod, through the vagina, cervix, into the uterine cavity, directly observe the shape of the uterine cavity and the opening of the fallopian tube and uterus. It means you can see what is inside the room. Disadvantages: Compared with SSG, it is a little more expensive, and the price ranges from several thousand. A more complicated condition requires hospitalization. The biggest disadvantage is that it can only solve the problem of the uterine cavity, and has a certain scouring effect on the lumen of the fallopian tube, but it is not comparable to SSG. Similarly, it cannot solve the adhesion and distortion of the fallopian tube surface. Laparoscopy + fallopian tube drainage is a bit like hysteroscopy, but it is replaced by puncturing the lower abdomen into the pelvic abdomen, and the uterine surface, fallopian tube surface, and ovary are seen. That is to say, the external wall of the room and the surface of the pipes. Disadvantages: need to be hospitalized, the cost is relatively expensive, generally need about 15,000. The most important thing is that it can only solve the problem of the surface of the organ that can be seen by the pelvis. If it is a uterine cavity problem or a fallopian tube lumen problem, it is also helpless. Expert suggestion: 3D visual tubal exploration can be used for 3D visual tubal exploration
Can tubal hydrops be test-tube babies? Many patients with tubal hydrops will worry about not being pregnant, so they will consider other ways to conceive the baby. Test tube baby technology is a complex and mature medical assisted pregnancy technology that can help many couples who are unable to conceive pregnant with their baby. Can tubal hydrops be test tube babies? Test tube babies technology is a complex and mature medical assisted pregnancy technique. In recent years, many infertile couples have requested to give up other treatments and directly use test tube babies technology. However, from a medical point of view, reproduction is a natural physiological phenomenon, the closer to the natural method of conception, the more beneficial to mothers and babies. IVF technology has a strong indication. Not everyone needs to do infertility, nor is it suitable for every couple of infertility. Strictly speaking, women with hydrosalpinx are not suitable for IVF surgery. The success rate of IVF is inherently low. If the patient also has hydrosalpinx, the success rate of IVF is even lower. Therefore, if a female friend chooses to be a test tube baby, she must first solve the problem of hydrosalpinx. If the problem of hydrotubation is resolved, she can choose to conceive naturally or perform test tube baby surgery. What are the hazards of hydrosalpinx? The female fallopian tube is an important place for sperm and egg combination, and it is also responsible for transporting the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity. Once the fallopian tube becomes diseased, it will have a great impact on this transport process. Fallopian tube hydrops is a common fallopian tube disease. The reason for the formation of hydrops is mainly related to the obstruction of the fallopian tube umbrella. This disease has a great impact on female pregnancy. And if it is not treated in time, it will cause blockage of the fallopian tube, fallopian tube closure, and fallopian tube adhesion and other diseases, affecting the chance of female pregnancy, and even leading to infertility. When hydrosalpinx occurs, the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterine cavity smoothly, and stays in the fallopian tube to continue to grow and develop, and does not grow in the correct position, which forms an ectopic pregnancy. If it is found that it is not timely and the treatment is delayed, the female friend will have a life-long worry. How to prevent hydrosalpinx Female friends want to prevent hydrosalpinx, usually do the following: First, usually pay attention to exercise, exercise makes the body function more powerful, can enhance the body’s resistance, it is to prevent disease Very helpful. Also remember to get up early and go to bed early, get enough sleep and breathe fresh air. Second, try to stay away from some electronic products. Electronic products are ubiquitous now, and many female friends have developed many bad habits because of using electronic products. For example, the mobile phone has not left the hand, facing the computer all day long and so on. If you have to use a computer because of work, you must go out and walk more after get off work, and do not sit for long. Third, usually eat more fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables. Eat less chilly, spicy and spicy foods. Proteins such as walnuts and peanuts should also be eaten in moderation. At the same time, you can take some food supplemented with minerals in an appropriate amount to make the pyramid in the body more harmonious.
Blocking of the fallopian tubes is the main cause of infertility in women, and it is very troublesome for female friends, so its symptoms have become the knowledge that many women need to know. So what are the main symptoms of tubal blockage? 1, infertility tubal is an important role in transporting sperm, ingesting eggs and transporting fertilized eggs to the uterine cavity. When the fallopian tubes are damaged by damage, they form a blockage, hindering sperm and The passage of fertilized eggs leads to infertility. 2. Chronic chronic inflammation of the dysmenorrhea and the fallopian tubes can cause pelvic congestion, which can cause stasis-induced dysmenorrhea. Most of the dysmenorrhea is accompanied by abdominal pain starting 1 week before menstruation. The closer to menstruation, the heavier the menstrual period until the menstrual cramps. 3. Irregular menstrual tube is adjacent to the ovary. When the fallopian tube inflammation affects the ovaries, it will cause different degrees of damage to the ovarian function, thus causing abnormal menstruation. Among them, menstrual frequency and excessive menstrual flow are the most common. 4. Abdominal discomfort The lower abdomen can have various degrees of pain, most of which are hidden discomfort. The pain in the lower back and sacrum, swelling, and falling feeling often cause symptoms to increase due to fatigue. 5. Other serious fallopian tube blockage, in addition to infertility, dysmenorrhea and other symptoms, increased leucorrhea, couple life pain, gastrointestinal tract disorders, fatigue, affected labor or fatigue resistance, neuropsychiatric symptoms and depression. I believe that through the introduction of the above article, you should have more understanding of the symptoms of tubal obstruction. Only by knowing more about the symptoms of tubal blockage can we find the existence of the disease earlier in life, and we can also treat the disease in the best time, hoping to bring more help to everyone.
“Prerequisites for pregnancy” ●Normal sex life, both sexual function and normal sex life time are normal. Sex life time and frequency are recommended 2 to 3 times a week. ●Pregnancy takes time, not just one-time life. ●Do not take any contraceptive measures. ●The quality and discharge of sperm and egg are normal for both men and women. ●Pregnancy cannot be achieved overnight. It is a matter of urgency and dryness. There is really no shortcut to pregnancy, only the natural way can be done. “Small coup for quick pregnancy” ● Both spouses maintain a healthy lifestyle and a healthy diet that continues to be normal. ● Both spouses maintain a nonchalant, positive and optimistic attitude, do not embarrass themselves, be in a happy mood, relax in spirit, and do not set up artificial pregnancies for themselves. ●Sexual life is harmonious and moderately tight. Try to avoid those too tense and deliberate time arrangements, and grasp the precise ovulation time to sow and create people. ●In case of adverse motherhood, seek medical advice and treatment in a timely manner. ●Couples who have reached the standard of infertility should seek medical treatment as soon as possible. “What are the puzzles of rapid pregnancy? 『●If there are follicles, why not ovulate? ◆ Unruptured Follicle Luteinization Syndrome (LUFS) is an ovulation disorder in which follicles can mature and do not rupture, and egg cells are not discharged. In normal women, luteinization of unruptured follicles can occur in 10% of the natural menstrual cycle or in the ovulatory cycle. Among infertile women, this proportion has increased significantly. It can also be said that this is also one of the causes of infertility. ◆Countermeasures: Normal women’s menstrual cycle may also not ovulate. Occasionally, they do not ovulate once. No need to make a fuss. At this time, you need to relax your mood, remove the stress burden from your mind and subconscious mind, and observe quietly for a period of time. If it is medically diagnosed as unruptured follicle luteinization syndrome, it is recommended to be a test tube baby. ●What should I do if there is no egg on the unobstructed side of the fallopian tube? ◆In the definition of infertility developed by medical experts at home and abroad, there is no precise relationship between ovulation and the fallopian tube patency, but it emphasizes the importance of time and non-contraception, that is, one year of infertility without contraception It’s called infertility. This year’s time includes all the factors that cause non-pregnancy. Of course, what you said also includes it. ◆When the infertility standard is met, infertility-related treatment is required, and it should not be entangled in ovulation on that side. At present, there is no single drug that can directional ovulation, which means which to fight. ◆Countermeasures: Trial ovulation promotion treatment, it is possible to achieve the development and discharge of follicles in both ovaries. ●Can the follicle grow long and not pregnant? ◆The quality of an egg has both clinical and laboratory standards. It’s like judging a person, who has both a beautiful appearance and a gold heart. From the clinical point of view alone, the developmental pros and cons of a follicle are also multifaceted. ◆In the natural cycle, generally only one follicle develops. The follicles can be round or oval. In the ovulation-promoting cycle, because there are multiple follicles developing to “squeeze” each other, the follicles can have a variety of shapes, such as triangles and polygons. Due to the different observation surface of B-ultrasound monitoring, the same follicle will be examined and measured by different doctors, and there will be certain differences. ◆The quality of follicles is not determined by the single factor of follicle formation. Ovulation is just the beginning, but also through the fallopian tube picking, fertilization, implantation, development and so on. Any problem in any link will lead to failure. ●Do I still need to have a radiography if I am pregnant? ◆Required. Once pregnant, does not prove that your current fallopian tube is unobstructed. Relevant examinations should be done when the infertility standard is met: basic examinations such as gynecological endocrinology, vaginal ultrasound, fallopian tube angiography, and routine semen examination. ●Can I adjust my menstruation and get pregnant again? ◆This is a misunderstanding about pregnancy. First, irregular menstruation, is it really “ill”, or is it normal menstruation. Because normal menstruation is a range, not a point. Patients sometimes just draw the conclusion of “menstrual disease” based on the change between the upper and lower limits of the normal menstrual range, or compared with their psychological “ideal menstruation”, leading to misdiagnosis and treatment. ◆ Countermeasures: Confusion about menstruation, need to distinguish whether it is “ill”. If accompanied by fertility disorders, you need to do infertility-related examinations, do not delay treatment with menstruation, and even lose the chance of fertility. ● Many years of infertility, difficult age, multiple failures, premature ovarian failure, thin endometrium, etc.
An abnormal pregnancy process in which a pregnant egg implants and develops outside the uterine cavity. Also known as “ectopic pregnancy”. Tubal pregnancy is most common. The cause is often due to inflammation of the lumen of the fallopian tube, which causes poor lumen patency, impedes the normal operation of the pregnant egg, and causes it to stay, implant, and develop in the fallopian tube, causing abortion or rupture of the fallopian tube pregnancy. Before abortion or rupture, there are often no obvious symptoms, and there may also be menopause, abdominal pain, and a small amount of vaginal bleeding. After the rupture, it showed acute severe abdominal pain, repeated attacks, vaginal bleeding, and even shock. Examination often has signs of intra-abdominal hemorrhage and masses next to the uterus. Ultrasonography can help. The treatment is mainly surgery, and the shock is corrected while the laparotomy is explored to remove the fallopian tube on the diseased side. If you want to preserve fertility, you can also open the fallopian tube to remove the pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a common pregnancy disease. Its appearance has caused serious harm to female friends. Therefore, it is important to understand and understand some of the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy, so that you can do Find in time and treat in time. So what are the symptoms of women with ectopic pregnancy? One: vaginal bleeding: mostly drip-shaped, dark brown, less amount, not more than menstrual flow. Vaginal bleeding is caused by peeling of the endometrium or fallopian tube bleeding through the uterine cavity. Abdominal pain with vaginal bleeding is often a sign of embryo damage. Only those with abdominal pain and no vaginal bleeding are mostly embryos surviving or abdominal pregnancy, so you should be vigilant. Two: Abdominal pain: It is the main symptom of tubal pregnancy destruction. Its incidence is 95%. It is usually a sudden tear or paroxysmal pain on the side of the lower abdomen, accompanied by nausea and vomiting. When stimulating the diaphragm, it can cause radioactive pain in the shoulder blade. When the pelvic fluid is accumulated, the anus has a feeling of swelling and defecation. It is very helpful for the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy. Three: syncope and shock: caused by acute bleeding and severe pain in the abdominal cavity. The more hemorrhage is faster, the more rapid and severe the symptoms appear. Can cause dizziness, pale complexion, thin pulse, decreased blood pressure, dripping cold sweat, resulting in syncope and shock and other crises.
I haven’t been able to conceive my baby for a long time. Once I went to the hospital for examination, the fallopian tubes were blocked! Blocking of the fallopian tubes is a common cause of infertility in women, many people are wondering: why most infertility is caused by blockage of the fallopian tubes? Why is it clogged? Is the fallopian tube so fragile? Why are most infertility caused by blocked fallopian tubes? The fallopian tube is actually a small, hollow tube with a total length of about 8-15 cm, and the thickness of each area of the fallopian tube is different. The interstitial part is the thinnest, with a diameter of only 0.5~1mm, the diameter of the isthmus is about 0.9~2mm, slightly thicker, and the ampulla is only 1~2mm. Just looking at the data, I know that the fallopian tubes are really thin and very thin, so it is easy to block and stick. There are several types of tubal obstruction: ① proximal obstruction. We know that the fallopian tube connects the uterus and the ovary, and the place where the uterus is connected is blocked. We call it proximal obstruction. ② distal obstruction. The end of the fallopian tube that connects to the ovary is called a distal obstruction. ③ The fallopian tube is not smooth, which means that there may be some adhesion around the fallopian tube, but it is not completely occluded and still has some functions. When encountering a patient with impeded fallopian tubes, we generally recommend to try pregnancy for 3 to 6 months first. If the fallopian tubes do not fulfill their responsibilities, we will consider the next treatment. Tubal occlusion treatment: Beijing Weiren Hospital 3D stereoscopic mirror technology is a “diagnosis and treatment expert” for diagnosing tubal diseases, and it is also a new technology for dredge tubal obstruction. This technology is imported from Germany and can be magnified 2.5 times on the basis of ordinary hysteroscopy. The instrument is fully automatic focusing. It can not only know whether the uterus and fallopian tube have congenital malformations or pathological conditions, but also whether the fallopian tube Patency and fallopian tube function, to find out the cause of primary or secondary infertility for many women with infertility. Operated under 3D stereoscopic mirror, using biological fluid pulse fusion technology, it can restore the cilia peristalsis of the inner wall of the fallopian tube and the egg picking function of the umbrella end of the fallopian tube. The effect of standing water.
Children are the glue of a family. Children are the continuation of the lives of parents. However, some families are still unable to bear children. In real life, many couples are plagued by cruel infertility. Older people in the past tended to get pregnant without paying attention. Family planning at that time, each family basically had 3 to 4 children and more than 10 children. But why is it so difficult to conceive a child now?” Affected by factors such as environment, diet, lifestyle, etc., the current incidence of infertility shows a clear upward trend. The common cause of female infertility is “the cause of fallopian tubes” ●30% of infertility is caused by fallopian tube factors. Such as tubal blockage caused by infection, pelvic adhesions caused by chronic pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis, after salpingectomy, after tubal ligation, congenital tubal loss, etc. ●How to check the fallopian tubes ◆After the menstruation is clean, go to the hospital for a fallopian tube angiography within 2-7 days. ◆Pre-contrast examination items: leucorrhea routine, urine pregnancy test, blood routine. ◆Precautions after angiography: Forbid the same room for 2 weeks, strict contraception for 1 month, if there is abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, go to the hospital in time. “Ovulation disorder” ● 20% of infertility is caused by abnormal ovulation. Ovulation is controlled by an endocrine axis, which is medically called the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. It is also affected by the thyroid and adrenal glands. These diseases may affect ovulation disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, ovarian reserve function, premature ovarian failure, luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, etc. ●Examination method: go to the hospital on the 20th to 23rd day of menstruation to check hormones or go to the clinic for ultrasound monitoring. “Uterine factors” ● such as intrauterine adhesions, endometrial polyps, uterine submucosal fibroids, chronic endometritis, etc. ●Examination time: go to the hospital for hysteroscopy within 2-7 days after clean menstruation. “Unknown reason” ●Pregnancy is a very delicate process. Abnormalities in any of the above steps may cause infertility. It’s just that not all anomalies can be detected by our existing technology. Therefore, there are still about 15% of infertility patients, no clear cause can be found, which is medically called unexplained infertility. Common factors of male infertility . “Weak sperm disease” ● Weak sperm disease refers to a condition where the sperm (a+b) level of forward movement in semen parameters is less than 32%. Weak sperm disease is also called sperm motility. Common causes of infection, endocrine factors, abnormal liquefaction of semen, immune factors, etc. “Ozozoospermia” ●Ozozoospermia is the number of sperm in semen is lower than normal healthy and fertile men. In recent years, the quality of human sperm has been declining with the environment, estrogen poisoning and other factors. Now it is considered that the number of sperm per ml of sperm density is less than 15×10ˇ6/ml as oligospermia. Common in varicocele, cryptorchidism, urinary system infection, endocrine abnormalities, autoimmunity, etc. “Abnormal liquefaction of semen” ● Normal semen coagulates into a jelly soon after being ejected, and then liquefies in the next 15 to 30 minutes. If the semen does not coagulate after injection, or the liquefaction is incomplete, bacteria and viruses infect the reproductive tract, which can also cause changes in the composition of the semen and cause infertility. “Trozoospermia” ●Trozoospermia is a normal form of sperm percentage <.4%. Malformed sperm refers to the morphological variation of the head, body, and tail. The head malformation has a huge head, amorphous, double heads, etc.; the body malformation has thick body, cracked, incomplete, etc.; the tail malformation has curly tail, double tail, missing Waiting. Common causes include urogenital infections, endocrine disorders, excessive smoking, and alcoholism. “Azoospermia” ●Azoospermia refers to the absence of sperm after microscopic examination of semen after 3 or more centrifugations, while excluding ejaculation and retrograde ejaculation. Azoospermia accounts for about 10%-20% of male infertility. It is a condition in which the cause of male infertility is difficult to review and treat. The main reasons are divided into: ◆ Innate factors: cryptorchidism, anorchidism, Klinefelter syndrome, Y chromosome microdeletions, etc.; ◆ acquired factors: trauma, testicular torsion, orchitis, reproductive tract infections, varicocele, etc. ●Sexual dysfunction ◆Male sexual function includes arousal of sexual desire, penile erection, penis insertion into vagina, orgasm-ejaculation and sexual satisfaction 5 links, any of which occurs in the link is called sexual dysfunction. The main performance is
It is clinically found that women’s infertility caused by blocked fallopian tubes and hydrops accounts for about 30%-40% of the entire infertility population. It is more common in women who have had children or have miscarriages. The consequences of not paying attention to reproductive health are serious and the costs are enormous. Care should be taken after the miscarriage for women who did not pay attention to the reproductive system after the miscarriage. The cause of the disease is related to the lack of attention to health care during menstruation and after abortion. Experts point out that vaginitis or cervicitis is not treated in time, which often causes inflammation to spread upward. When the inflammation spreads to the fallopian tube, it will cause fallopian tube congestion and edema, and inflammatory exudation. If the treatment is not timely, over time it will cause the fallopian tube to block, causing infertility. In addition, women should take precautions to prevent contraception, as far as possible to prevent accidental pregnancy, to prevent themselves from being injured by abortion. When you have to have a miscarriage, you should pay attention to self-protection, take a proper rest after abortion, do not eat cold and stimulating food, do not vigorous activities, and do not resume sexual life in advance, so as not to cause reproductive system infection. At the same time, pay attention to clothing hygiene and clean underwear after abortion, and replace sanitary napkins in time to prevent infection.
1. What is meant by infertility young couples (the woman is 24 years old), the chance of pregnancy one month after normal sex life is only 25%, about 50% in half a year, and 88% in one year, so it is normal to take no contraceptive measures after marriage Sexual life for one year without pregnancy is called infertility. If you have the following situations, you should seek treatment as soon as possible: What are the reasons for infertility? ☆No menstruation for more than 3 months☆There are two or more abortion records (regardless of artificial abortion or spontaneous abortion) ☆ The man suffers from acute or chronic prostatitis ☆ The menstrual cycle is equal to or shorter than 3 weeks ☆ There is a history of pelvic inflammatory disease ☆ The woman is over 30 years old ☆ The man is anastomosed again after vasectomy 2. What is the incidence of infertility? World Health In the late 1980s, the organization organized a survey of infertile couples using standardized diagnosis in 33 centers in 25 countries. The results show that about 5%-8% of couples in developed countries are affected by infertility, and the prevalence of infertility in some areas of developing countries can be as high as 30%. The number of infertile patients in the world is about 80-110 million. 3. What are the types of infertility? According to the cause of infertility, it can be divided into relative infertility and absolute infertility: Relative infertility refers to a couple who obstructs pregnancy for some reason or reduces fertility, resulting in temporary infertility Pregnancy, if this factor is corrected, it is still possible to get pregnant. Absolute infertility means that one of the couples has congenital or acquired anatomical and physiological defects that cannot be corrected and cannot be pregnant. According to whether pregnancy is divided into primary infertility and secondary infertility: primary infertility means never pregnant, secondary infertility means once pregnant and then infertile. 4. Reasons for infertility Conception is a complicated process. The following conditions must be met: the ovary discharges a normal egg, the semen is normal and contains normal sperm. The egg and sperm can meet in the fallopian tube and combine to form a fertilized egg. The fertilized egg is smoothly transported into the uterine cavity, and the endometrium is fully prepared for implantation of the fertilized egg. If any of these links are abnormal, it can hinder conception. The cause of infertility is either the woman, the man, or both. What are the causes of infertility? 5. What are the common causes of the woman: A) Ovulation disorder or non-ovulation, the common causes are: Central effects: such as dysfunction of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis, pituitary tumors, Excessive mental stress, anxiety systemic diseases: excessive weight loss leads to significant weight loss and amenorrhea. Lack of certain vitamins in the diet. Endocrine diseases such as hyperthyroidism. Hyperprolactinemia, clinical manifestations are amenorrhea and/or lactation. Severe diabetes and other local ovarian factors : Polycystic ovary syndrome, clinical manifestations of oligomenorrhea, obesity and hairiness, or one of them. A small number of patients under the age of 35-40 years old have premature amenorrhea, that is, ovarian failure, or ovulation of both ovaries due to the removal of tumors and other causes. Ovarian endometriosis not only destroys ovarian tissue, but also can cause serious adhesions in the pelvic cavity. , Abnormal tubal motility, sperm eggs can not meet B) The woman’s tubal is not smooth, and the function is bad. Inflammation, tuberculosis or endometriosis are often the causes of tubal obstruction. The obstruction caused by tuberculous salpingitis cannot be recanalized. If ligation has been done before, fallopian tube recanalization is feasible. C) Uterine factors: uterine dysplasia, endometrial tuberculosis, intrauterine adhesions, uterine fibroids, luteal dysfunction, and poor endometrial reaction all affect the implantation of fertilized eggs. D) Cervical factors: chronic cervicitis, cervical polyps, stenosis of the uterine mouth, etc. E) Vulva, vaginal factors: hymen atresia, vaginal septum, severe vaginal inflammation.
White-collar women often sit immobile and have dietary deviations, and they are prone to constipation. Not only does constipation cause women’s skin to become dull, toxins accumulate, and may also cause gynecological diseases-appendicitis. Constipation seems to be very different from female accessory inflammation. However, medical research in recent years has shown that long-term constipation does cause women to suffer from salpingitis and accessory inflammation. The internal genitalia of women with appendicitis caused by long-term constipation are located in the pelvic cavity, adjacent to the front of the bladder, the back and the left and right sides are close to the intestine, especially the right fallopian tube is next to the appendix and cecum, and the left fallopian tube It is close to the sigmoid colon and rectum. Women have long-term constipation. Various bacteria, molds, viruses and other pathogens that stay in the excrement of the intestine can directly invade the left fallopian tube and ovary through capillaries and lymphatic vessels, causing inflammation. lighter lesions progress more slowly, the symptoms are not very obvious; severe cases are often accompanied by lower abdominal pain, low back pain, menorrhagia, leucorrhea, sexual intercourse pain and dysmenorrhea. On the other hand, the lumen of the fallopian tube is thin. If it is blocked by inflammation, it will prevent the sperm and egg from meeting, resulting in infertility. How to prevent constipation? Female constipation corrects bad habits, insists on drinking a glass of honey water every morning, and develops the habit of drinking water regularly, usually eat some coarse grains and vegetables, fruits, etc., especially eat more fiber-containing foods, and require nutrition The habit of regular bowel movements. In addition, women should pay attention to personal hygiene and menstrual hygiene to prevent chronic infections. Surgical treatment for large tubal hydrops or tubal ovarian cysts caused by inflammation. For infertility caused by obstruction of the fallopian tubes, fallopian tube restoration surgery is feasible. For repeated acute attacks of chronic fallopian tube ovitis and pelvic peritonitis, the effect of medical treatment is not ideal, and when the patient is older, surgery may also be considered. In addition, because the disease is stubborn and recurrent, it often puts a heavy mental burden on the patient, so it is necessary to build confidence, maintain a comfortable mood, actively exercise, and enhance physical fitness to improve disease resistance.
Patients with fallopian tube infertility preparing for natural pregnancy first need to consider how to clear the fallopian tubes to ensure that the fallopian tubes are unobstructed and function properly. After angiography, the problem of salpingitis (unsmooth) was detected. Because the angiography itself can lightly wash the tubal adhesions and blockages, there are a few people who are pregnant in this situation. Most people are difficult to conceive normally without dredge, and even lead to ectopic pregnancy. And usually after a period of unsuccessful pregnancy test, the angiography is done, and the risk of continuing the pregnancy test is not worth the gains, so it is recommended not to easily gamble with your body. For patients with mild tubal obstruction, drug therapy may play a certain role in treatment, but drug therapy has a slow effect and limited treatment effect, and it is also prone to relapse. For younger patients, you can consider the choice, and for those who are more anxious and fail to prepare for half a year, it is recommended to take a more active treatment plan. The specific choice of treatment plan needs to be combined with the specific analysis of each person’s specific situation, such as ovulation problems, uterine problems, immune problems and even economic problems. Choosing a treatment plan that suits you is a good plan, which is symptomatic treatment. The long-term infertility must be influenced by the traditional concept of husband and wife. Many people feel that they can’t give birth to women first. Many couples are pregnant for a long time. The good news is delayed. Most of the time, the wife will come to the hospital to check first. In fact, male sperm quality is poor, poor vitality or suffering from seminal vesicle inflammation, prostate inflammation, testicular diseases and other reproductive diseases can cause infertility. In addition, excessive obesity in the male body can cause the temperature in the groin to increase, impair the growth of sperm, and also lead to infertility. There are also some men who, due to dietary problems, like drinking alcohol, barbecue, junk food, etc., will weaken the quality of sperm. Although they can still be pregnant, the probability of pregnancy will also decline due to the decline in quality. Couples who have been infertile for a long time must have the same consultation, so that they can find and solve problems quickly and accurately. At the same time not only to adjust the body, but also to adjust the psychology and maintain a relaxed and happy mood, so as to quickly usher in a good “pregnancy”.
Q: Is there any chance of natural pregnancy if the ovarian function is reduced? A: A large number of studies on the developmental physiology of follicles have confirmed that the number and quality of follicles of women with ovarian dysfunction are significantly reduced, the chance of natural pregnancy is significantly lower, and the probability of miscarriage and fetal malformation is increased, but it is not absolutely impossible to become pregnant naturally. Although for infertile patients over 40 years old, or women with ovarian dysfunction, doctors will recommend assisted reproductive technology to assist pregnancy, the purpose is to provide the opportunity to get pregnant as soon as possible, rather than the only “life-saving straw”, IVF technology cannot be avoided with Abortion caused by age-related chromosomal abnormalities. For women with impaired ovarian function, we recommend IVF to assist pregnancy, and encourage active pregnancy testing during pregnancy. Q: What are the causes of follicular dysplasia? A: The causes of bad follicles are mainly related to the woman’s age, number of basic follicles, AMH, body weight, and the sensitivity of different individuals to ovulation drugs, and sometimes related to the dose of drugs. Individual patients developed uneven follicle development during ovulation. The main reason is: the different sensitivity of sinus follicles to ovulation drugs (different thresholds), resulting in uneven size of follicle development after ovulation, which is more common in elderly patients with low ovarian reserve. Q: Why haven’t you been pregnant after the fallopian tubes are watered? A: Fallopian tube drainage has a certain therapeutic effect on the weak adhesion of the fallopian tube, but whether it can be pregnant or not, it is also affected by factors such as the quality of the sperm egg, endometrium, and fallopian tube function. You can get pregnant.
The same manifests as tubal infertility, some infertile women are told to have tubal adhesions, and some are tubal obstruction, so how to distinguish tubal obstruction from tubal adhesion? Fallopian tube pathological obstruction is mostly caused by tubal lesions, in general They are all caused by pathogen infections. The main pathogens that can be infected are Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, E. coli and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Tubal adhesions include tubal lumen adhesions and tubal adhesions, the adhesion is divided into three degrees, the tubal isthmus adhesion is one degree; the tubal and uterine horn junction is two degrees; the tubal pot and umbrella mouth adhesion is three degrees, and different adhesion sites The symptoms shown are also different. Fallopian tube adhesion and blockage are just different degrees of lesions. According to the degree of fallopian tube obstruction, there are three cases in clinical practice: First, the situation is that the fallopian tube is not smooth. Second, the situation is that the fallopian tube is blocked, and the degree of damage is relatively light. Third, the situation is that the fallopian tubes are completely impassable and the lesions are serious. Fallopian tube adhesion is also a kind of fallopian tube incompatibility. If the fallopian tube is completely adhered, there will be no chance of natural conception. If part of the adhesion is also the fallopian tube is not smooth, there is a chance of pregnancy in this case, but the chance of ectopic pregnancy is very large and it is also very dangerous. . At the same time, fallopian tube adhesion is one of the major symptoms of fallopian tube disease. Fallopian tube adhesion can be divided into the fallopian tube lumen adhesion and the fallopian tube adhesion. If the fallopian tube adhesion is serious, it may even cause female infertility. Fallopian tube blockage and fallopian tube adhesion are important for women, because understanding these two diseases can be targeted treatment to restore the health of the body as soon as possible. If you want to understand the specific situation, you must go to the hospital to be a professional A detailed examination can confirm the diagnosis.
Fallopian tube blockage is a type of fallopian tube disease. Experts say that when the fallopian tube blockage occurs, the female fallopian tube will be stimulated, and then the abdomen will feel pain. If you check the fallopian tube blockage, you can also find that the tissue at the lesion has been necrotic , Need to be treated in time. In addition to the symptoms of dysmenorrhea, the patient is also accompanied by irregular menstruation and female infertility. For some women, the symptoms of dysmenorrhea are often used by patients to judge the patency of the fallopian tubes. So patients with blocked fallopian tubes must cause dysmenorrhea? Let us take a look. Why is tubal obstruction dysmenorrhea? Falling tubal obstruction is mostly caused by inflammation of the fallopian tube, and when the fallopian tube is chronically inflamed for a long time, it will cause pelvic congestion, resulting in stasis dysmenorrhea. The onset of dysmenorrhea usually begins about one week before menstruation, and the closer to menstruation, the more severe the pain becomes, until the onset of menstruation. Some patients with blocked fallopian tubes will feel pain in the lower abdomen, similar to dysmenorrhea. In fact, this is abdominal discomfort. At this time, the lower abdomen will have different degrees of pain, mostly hidden discomfort, soreness in the lower back and sacrum, The bloating and falling feelings are often exacerbated by fatigue. In addition, due to adhesions in the pelvis, there may be bladder, rectal filling pain or pain when emptying, or other symptoms of bladder and rectal irritation. Frequent urination, tenesmus and other symptoms are also more common. Does tubal blockage necessarily cause dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea refers to women who have pain in the lower abdomen or waist, or even the lumbosacral sacrum, during and before menstruation. Every month with the menstrual cycle, severe cases may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, cold sweating, cold hands and feet, or even fainting, affecting work and life. At present, dysmenorrhea is clinically divided into two types: primary and secondary. Primary dysmenorrhea mostly refers to those with no obvious lesions on the reproductive organs, so it is also called functional dysmenorrhea. It is more common in adolescent girls, unmarried and married unfertile people. This kind of dysmenorrhea can relieve or disappear after normal delivery. Secondary dysmenorrhea is mostly caused by organic lesions of the reproductive organs. If the fallopian tube is blocked without disease, the symptoms of dysmenorrhea will not necessarily occur, because dysmenorrhea is caused by the secretion of some pain-causing substances during menstruation. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, it is caused by the outflow of menstrual blood during menstruation For pain, symptomatic treatment is generally available. However, if the patient suffers from obstruction of the fallopian tube and is accompanied by lesions of the fallopian tube, that is, salpingitis will cause pelvic congestion, resulting in dysmenorrhea.
The rising rate of infertility has made more and more people know that infertility is by their side. One out of every eight couples needs to assist pregnancy through human assisted reproductive technology. Why do some couples can naturally Childbirth, and some couples will be infertile? What are the main aspects of whether a couple can conceive normally? Whether they can conceive normally depends on the following aspects: Normal fallopian tube, sufficient quantity and quality of sperm, enough “nutrition and comfort” endometrium. For couples who are not pregnant for several months to six months, after the relevant investigations, the development of follicles can be monitored under the guidance of a reproductive doctor, because many people have abnormalities in follicular development (such as ovulation if the follicle is not large enough (we call it Small follicles ovulate “), or the follicles atrophy if they cannot grow up normally, or the follicles are large enough to not be discharged normally, or only one side can ovulate normally, etc.). Therefore, it is necessary to completely monitor the process of follicular development and ovulation. If there are no obvious abnormalities in the fallopian tube and the male sperm, female friends who meet the infertility and have a short infertility period can still monitor the ovulation and guide the same room with the help of a reproductive doctor. opportunity. If you still cannot get pregnant after a few cycles, those who have not undergone fallopian tube examination may consider investigating abnormal fallopian tubes. Or seek further treatment, such as laparoscopic surgery or artificial pregnancy. Whether the couple can conceive normally, it is necessary to check the factors of both men and women. Only after finding the problem can they help the couple achieve the purpose of conception as soon as possible through treatment or choosing a method of assisting pregnancy.
The fallopian tubes have physiological functions such as transporting sperm, eggs, and fertilized eggs, as well as providing sperm storage and energy acquisition and fertilization sites. If the fallopian tubes are not looked at in time, they will not only affect health, but also cause infertility. Many female patients worry that the fallopian tubes will Can not ovulate smoothly, then, will the hydrosalpinx ovulate? Can the hydrosalpinx ovulate? The fallopian tube is a place where sperm and egg meet and fertilize, and when the fertilized egg begins to undergo mitosis, with the help of the fallopian tube peristalsis and cilia push to the uterus Move in the direction to transport the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity. The egg is expelled from the ovary, and after the egg is expelled from the ovary, the fallopian tube is needed to suck up and combine with sperm. Hydrosalpinx will still ovulate, hydrosalpinx has no effect on ovulation, hydrosalpinx just sperm can not pass through, resulting in female infertility, and ovulation still exists every month, therefore, the hydrosalpinx may cause Infertility! The doctor reminded: The hydrosalpinx prevents the combined fertilized egg from entering the uterus smoothly, but stays in the fallopian tube, causing ectopic pregnancy. Hydrops in the fallopian tube will not only affect the sperm entering the ampulla and combine with the egg, but also affect the vitality of the egg. Even if the pregnant egg is successfully combined, it will be difficult to enter the uterus smoothly, resulting in the occurrence of infertility. Therefore, patients with hydrosalpinx should watch in time to avoid missing good treatment opportunities.
When the fallopian tube is infected by the pathogen, due to the infiltration of white blood cells, the swelling of the fallopian tube mucosa, the fallopian tube interstitial edema, hyperemia, and exudation, the fallopian tube epithelium will fall off in serious cases, causing the fallopian tube adhesion, resulting in the fallopian tube lumen atresia; The normal structure of the umbrella end is destroyed, and the umbrella end will stick and fibrotic hyperplasia will form a small capsular bag. The exudate from inflammation cannot be discharged and accumulate in the small capsular bag to form hydrops. Therefore, hydrops in the fallopian tube is actually a manifestation of tubal incompatibility, which is likely to cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Even worse, if the fallopian tube is connected to the uterine cavity, the effusion may also flow back into the uterine cavity, affecting the implantation of the embryo, causing infertility and biochemical pregnancy, abortion and other adverse outcomes. Figure & nbsp. & Nbsp.Why is there tubal obstruction, adhesion, and hydrops? Inflammatory diseases of the pelvis are the most common. In addition, endometriosis, tubal pregnancy, and pelvic surgery are also important factors in the formation of hydrops. Will stagnant water affect pregnancy? The answer is yes. First, the hydrops of the fallopian tube is often combined with blockage of the fallopian tube. After the blockage, the sperm and egg cannot of course meet to form an embryo; secondly, when the fallopian tube is unobstructed, the water in the fallopian tube flows back to the uterine cavity and is constantly washed. Interfere with the contact between the embryo and the endometrium and affect the embryo implantation; third, the water in the fallopian tube is “sewage”, which can cause endometritis, and at the same time “poisoning” the embryo affects the development of the embryo and reduces the implantation rate and pregnancy rate. Increase abortion rate. How do I know if there are hydrops in the fallopian tube? The most common is B-ultrasound, which usually shows some “sausage” -like structures around the ovary; hysterosalpingography can also find hydrops in the fallopian tube; the most accurate one is laparoscopic or open surgery , Seeing is true, the hydrops of the fallopian tube found in the operation is the real hydrops!
Long-term infertility is mostly caused by hydrosalpinx, which can evolve into infertility. The medicine for tubal obstruction is called tubal obstruction. At this time, the fertilized egg is conceived to form a fertilized egg because the fallopian tube is blocked, and the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterus, which will also lead to ectopic pregnancy. Seriously, the embryo must be removed by surgery. It is a very serious situation because the heavy bleeding can threaten life. First, what is the cause of hydrosalpinx? 1, tubal surgery After long-term tubal ligation, hydrosalpinx will form. Some hydrosalpinx is not caused by inflammation of the fallopian tube, but secondary to post-fallopian tube sterilization. 2. Fallopian tube empyema Some women have hydrops of the fallopian tube, which is caused by the fallopian tube empyema. After the original pus cells and necrotic tissue in the lumen are decomposed, they are cleared by phagocytes, and the pus will slowly become clear water. Shaped liquid. 3. Inflammation of the fallopian tube When suffering from chronic fallopian tube inflammation, the umbrella end of the fallopian tube will be blocked due to inflammation, and the leakage and exudate in the lumen of the fallopian tube will gradually gather, resulting in hydrops in the fallopian tube and causing infertility. 4. Long-term ligation A small number of women have long-term tubal ligation. This situation is also the main cause of the formation of hydrops, which is not caused by gynecological inflammation, but secondary hydrops. 5. Dirty sex. Inattentive cleanliness can lead to inflammation. The umbrella end of the fallopian tube sticks and locks up due to inflammation. The fluid that leaks from the lumen of the fallopian tube accumulates, and there are also direct changes from the fallopian tube empyema to the fallopian tube. Sedimentary. Second, what are the symptoms of tubal effusion? 1, lumbosacral pain patients with hydrosalpinx due to inflammation will cause lumbosacral pain. However, each patient’s pain level is different, ranging from severe to severe. Relatively speaking, the pain is more severe. 2. Abnormal menstruation If a female friend suffers from hydrosalpinx, the most obvious symptom is the abnormal menstruation. At this time, the women’s menstruation will appear black menstrual color, and will also find blood clots every menstruation Exist, in addition, leucorrhea may also appear abnormal. 3. Infertility The hydrops of the fallopian tube are mostly caused by chronic gynecological inflammation. Once the hydrops of the fallopian tube occur, the sperm and egg cannot be combined, which will lead to female infertility. 4. Vaginal drainage Women suffering from hydrops of the fallopian tube will have the symptoms of intermittent vaginal drainage, because the lumens of the tubal expansion caused by the hydrops and the unexpanded portion can still communicate, so there is intermittent vaginal drainage The phenomenon. 5. Fever If the patient with hydrosalpinx is in a serious condition, an abscess will form. When the inflammation is stimulated, the patient will have different degrees of fever. Special reminder, if it is a patient with low fever, attention should also be paid to avoid aggravating the condition without treatment. Warm reminder: When your body shows the above symptoms, please pay attention to it. Going to a regular hospital for inspection and treatment is the key. Prolonged treatment will only make the condition worse and increase the difficulty of treatment. Once the fallopian tube is blocked, the sperm and egg cannot be combined, which can lead to female infertility.
How can women stay away from fallopian tube adhesion? After fallopian tube adhesion, it can prevent sperm from entering the fallopian tube to combine with the egg to cause fallopian tube infertility. It is also easy to cause the fertilized egg to fail to return to the uterine cavity and implant at the fallopian tube, causing ectopic pregnancy. So, how do women stay away from fallopian tube adhesion? Let’s understand: 1. Pay attention to endometrial inflammation Endometrial inflammation is a common uterine disease. After the disease occurs, it can cause symptoms such as abnormal leucorrhea, lower abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, and menstrual flow. Performance. If it is not treated in time, the upward spread of inflammation can also cause fallopian tube inflammation. It is important to know that fallopian tube inflammation is one of the important causes of fallopian tube adhesion. Therefore, suffering from endometrial inflammation should be treated in time. 2. Avoid the infection of abortion surgery. The doctor of Guangzhou Women ’s Hospital stated that the operation of abortion surgery must be done by a professional and regular hospital. Because only professional hospitals conduct abortion surgery, the disinfection of medical equipment can be more strict to avoid infection of the fallopian tube during the operation. . In addition, regular follow-up visits should be made after the operation to ensure early detection and treatment of the disease. 3. Avoid mycoplasma and chlamydia infections If you want to prevent tubal adhesions, not only should you pay attention to the prevention and treatment of endometrial inflammation, to avoid infection by abortion, but also to avoid unclean sex, so as not to cause mycoplasma and chlamydia infections. If the infection spreads upward, it is easy to cause fallopian tube adhesion. The above is the introduction about “how do women stay away from fallopian tube adhesion”, I believe that female friends have already understood that after the occurrence of fallopian tube adhesion, male sperm will not be able to enter the fallopian tube normally, resulting in inability to get close to egg cells The combination leads to infertility in female patients, so female friends should do well in the prevention of tubal adhesions. Patients with tubal adhesions are better to choose a professional hospital for regular treatment, so that they can restore their health as soon as possible.
One is to determine the cause as much as possible and deal with the cause. The second is to consider the treatment plan in combination with the woman’s age, ovarian reserve, uterine status, etc., and several treatment methods can be carried out simultaneously or successively when there are multiple causes. The third is that infertility treatment is obviously different from other diseases, that is, there is a great limitation on the success rate, especially in women with advanced age (35-37 years old) and ovarian reserve (obviously) poor, the success rate is very low, so that patients and couples are fully informed Don’t hold a hot pot that can definitely become pregnant as soon as possible, because this involves input to output ratio and the possibility of medical damage caused by inspection and treatment. Infertility will not endanger health if not treated. In terms of treatment methods, it is basically the following six types: anticipation (guidance or monitoring of follicular development and ovulation arrangement ovulation) surgical ovulation promotion (OI) personal-aided (AI) test tube (IVF-ET) drug expectations: as long as it is not “absolute “Sexual tubal infertility” can be expected anytime, anywhere, and can be expected to be carried out on a menstrual cycle, when it encounters, or (continuously) 3-6 menstrual cycles. Surgery: Infertility related to tubal lesions (laparoscopic) surgery includes adhesion separation, stoma, anastomosis, etc., as well as removal of severe hydrops Fallopian tubes and blocking of hydrops adverse effects on the endometrium and ovarian environment; endometrial polyps, submucosa Fibroids, intermuscular wall protruding fibroids, etc., can be removed under hysteroscopy; if the mediastinal uterus is the cause of repeated implantation failure, the mediastinum can be removed under hysteroscopy; mild hysteroscopic adhesion hysteroscopy The effect of surgical removal of adhesions can be limited, and the effect of severe adhesion surgery is limited; the operation of infertility as the first demand for ovarian benign tumors should be cautious. In addition to considering the tumor itself, it must be combined with full judgment of ovarian reserve function. Whether to remove the tumor first or infertility treatment first, especially for the treatment of IVF, the surgical treatment of three common non-physiological ovarian tumors: clever capsule, teratoma, and epithelial tumor Ovarian reserve function has the greatest impact, and ovarian surgery must follow all principles for protecting ovarian tissue. Ovulation promotion (OI): mainly for the treatment of oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea (rare ovulation or no ovulation), generally the menstrual regularity (regular ovulation) does not promote ovulation (only in human or senior, ovarian reserve Severely bad people only promote the discharge). The ideal state of promoting discharge is that promoting discharge induces the growth and development of one follicle, at most no more than 3 growth follicles. Facilitating the development of multiple follicles is the same as promoting follicular growth without follicle growth. Of course, if you promote the growth of multiple follicles, you can also switch to a test tube. The ovulation-promoting drugs include clomiphene and letrozole, which are oral ovulation-stimulating drugs. The injection drugs are various types of gonadotropins, and the hcg and GnRH agonists (GnRHa) that initiate the final egg maturation and ovulation are included. Human awards: including sperm and sperm awards. Fu Jingren is granted for cervical factors (cone cutting), male factors (less weak sperm), immune factors, unknown causes and sexual intercourse. Strictly speaking, the sperm is given to males with complete spermatogenesis disorder (testicular microdissection without sperm). Test tubes: Absolute fallopian tube infertility (double salpingectomy, severe tuberculous fallopian tube lesions, and severe pelvic adhesions) can only be considered for test tubes; other fallopian tube lesions including adhesions, blockages, obstructions, etc. can (first) consider test tubes; other ovarian reserves Poor and ovulation disorders, endometriosis, oligozoospermia, immune infertility and unexplained infertility can be considered in test tubes, but before the test tube, in theory, other treatments should be performed first, including expectation or ovulation treatment , Or have a history of Chinese medicine treatment. The above are the indications for conventional test tube technique, as well as the indications for single sperm injection test tube technique, including severe oligozoospermia, irreversible obstructive sperm, spermatogenic dysfunction, abnormal sperm acrosome, immune infertility (and unexplained infertility) Pregnancy) Routine fertilization fails and requires pre-implantation diagnosis (or screening, PGD / PGS). Finally, PGD can be performed in some cases of single-gene genetic diseases, sex-linked genetic diseases, chromosomal diseases, and high-risk groups of children with possible birth abnormalities. In addition, the loss of the ability to produce eggs, there are obvious factors affecting the quantity and quality of eggs, the woman is a patient or carrier of severe genetic disease, you can consider accepting donor eggs. Similar situation of the male (irreversible azoospermia, severe oligozoospermia, failure of vas deferens recanalization, ejaculation disorder, male is a patient or carrier of severe genetic disease, the middle three cases can have their own blood relatives through single sperm injection technology. Couple special sex