Is there any special medicine for treating vitiligo?

  Because the vitiligo disease has brought great pain to the patients, many patients are looking for special drugs to treat vitiligo. So, is there any special medicine for treating vitiligo, can you believe in the so-called special medicine for vitiligo? The doctor told us that there is no special medicine for vitiligo, don’t blindly believe what special medicine, the so-called special medicine will cause unexpected harm to patients, Then what is the reason?    1. Vitiligo-specific drugs may have greater toxicity, because some drugs that are toxic to the human body may cause the vitiligo lesions to temporarily subside. Patients should not use drugs to treat diseases at will. It is a three-point drug, and it is very dangerous to use the drug at will without the guidance of a doctor.   2. Caring for patients with vitiligo is very important. It is very unsafe to treat vitiligo with prescriptions and secret recipes that have not been verified by experiments. Because some doctors are usually not able to monitor patients’ internal organ damage, they are very blind in the treatment of vitiligo. Once a problem occurs, the consequences will be unimaginable.   3. Some special drugs that are feasible in vitiligo may cause adverse reactions in patients with vitiligo. Therefore, certain treatments for vitiligo have certain hazards, and patients should not use them at will. Can only be used under the professional guidance of a doctor.  According to the survey, the reason why many patients have not been cured for a long time is that they did not go to regular hospitals for scientific and systematic treatment. If you find abnormal plaque on your body, you must go to a regular hospital for examination and diagnosis. Once diagnosed with vitiligo, don’t be afraid. Vitiligo can be cured, go to routine treatment of vitiligo in time, so as not to delay treatment and bring greater burden.

How to cure epilepsy?

Experts of the epilepsy prevention and treatment center said that although new antiepileptic drugs continue to appear and the efficacy continues to improve, most patients need to take drugs for life and suffer from side effects of the drugs. Is the method of curing epilepsy good? 20%-30% of epilepsy patients have difficulty in controlling seizures with drugs, that is, intractable epilepsy. At least half of patients with refractory epilepsy can benefit from surgical treatment of epilepsy, or supplemented with drugs to control seizures. In addition, the purpose of surgical treatment is to completely control or relieve seizures. Full control means that the seizures are completely stopped without taking antiepileptic drugs, which means that the surgery has completely removed the epilepsy-producing tissue. Remission means that the epilepsy-producing tissue has failed or cannot be completely removed, but only destroyed the epilepsy conduction pathway Or the enlarged structure of epilepsy discharge, postoperative seizures are reduced to varying degrees, and it is necessary to cooperate with drug treatment or re-operation.   Therefore, in order to ensure the effect of surgical treatment of epilepsy and prevent the relapse of epilepsy patients, antiepileptic drugs still need to be taken after surgery. At the same time, patients with epilepsy should strictly abide by the doctor’s orders, and still take antiepileptic drugs on time and dosage after discharge, regularly check blood routine, liver function, and concentration of antiepileptic drugs in serum.

Can correct medication cure epilepsy

 Can the correct medication cure epilepsy? Experts point out that with the current scientific and technological means, as long as patients pass systematic, formal and effective treatment, most epilepsy patients can be cured of epilepsy. However, it is worth noting that patients with epilepsy must follow the following treatment guidelines:   1. Epilepsy treatment drugs choose to respond to the disease: Experts say that there are many types of seizures and different types have targeted drugs. Can epilepsy be cured? If the medicine is not symptomatic, it will not only cure the disease, but also increase the adverse reactions of the medicine. Therefore, the treatment of epilepsy must be based on the type and characteristics of the patient’s seizures to choose a reasonable medicine. 2. The choice of drugs for treatment of epilepsy should depend on the quality of drugs: many classic and traditional old drugs have obvious changes in cognitive function, and with the continuous in-depth study of epilepsy treatment, some anti-epileptic drugs with small side effects have also been Came out. If you have the conditions, you can try to choose such low-toxic antiepileptic drugs.  3. Adhere to the principle of using a single drug first: For the treatment of epilepsy, most experts now advocate the use of a single antiepileptic drug treatment to avoid drug interactions and reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions. It is also easy to observe the efficacy. 4. Periodic monitoring during medication: To reduce the adverse reactions of drugs, the dosage must be strictly controlled, and to determine the smaller dose that can control seizures, the blood drug concentration, liver and kidney function and other indicators must be regularly monitored, and pay attention to observe abnormalities The appearance of the phenomenon in order to stop the medicine and adjust the medicine in time.

What is a good way to treat epilepsy

  One: drug treatment.   The general principles of drug treatment for epilepsy are: early, adequate dosage, accurate medication, and long course of treatment. Once the diagnosis of epilepsy is established, take medication immediately to control the seizures. The dose is sufficient to control the seizures without seizures, and there is no drug toxicity reaction, and the blood drug concentration can be checked if necessary. Depending on the type of epilepsy, or syndrome, determine the drug choice.   Second: surgical treatment.  Surgical treatment is very effective for some patients. Its principle is to remove the brain tissue that causes seizures, that is, the epileptic area. Only after the epileptic area is removed can no postoperative seizure be achieved. The prerequisite for successful operation is the determination of the epileptic area, which requires a very professional evaluation team and neurosurgery team to work together to complete.   The third kind: diet therapy.  Epilepsy diet treatment mainly refers to the ketogenic diet. Therefore, by choosing a dietary formula with a high proportion of fat and a low proportion of protein and carbohydrates, the body produces ketones to simulate the body’s response to hunger to treat epilepsy and other diseases. For epilepsy that is difficult to control by drugs, trial ketogenic diet therapy can be considered. Family members must start treatment in a qualified epilepsy hospital and strictly implement the ketogenic diet plan.

Does the child have a seizure, will he be treated?

   The child suddenly twitched, foamed in the mouth, and fainted… This can scare the parents. Going to the hospital for examination was a seizure, but the doctor asked to observe first and did not prescribe medicine. Is the child suffering from epilepsy? Why not give it early treatment? Professor Wang Chao from the Epilepsy Center of Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University explained: Parents don’t worry, the child has only one seizure at this time, it does not mean that the child has epilepsy. So it is recommended to observe first.  In general, epilepsy can only be diagnosed as epilepsy once, and at least two or more seizures can be considered for diagnosis. Of course, the risk of re-seizures must be evaluated in close combination with medical history, physical examination, imaging and EEG findings.  Whether to carry out antiepileptic treatment should weigh the pros and cons, seek the opinions of family members, and consider them comprehensively. There is also an epileptic epilepsy, in which a patient may commit one or two times in his life, without treatment and without recurrence. For such patients, don’t wear a “epilepsy” hat, and pay attention to clinical observation.   For patients with occasional tonic-clonic seizures, it may be caused by some reason, and no clear cause can be found through examination. Generally, antiepileptic drugs are not taken temporarily. A small number of normal people have a seizure by accident for some reason in their lives at some time in their lives, even if they do not undergo treatment.  What is the situation to start taking drugs?  Diagnosed epilepsy, and started regular treatment according to the patient’s condition. Every time an epilepsy patient starts taking medication, symptomatic treatment should be based on the patient’s symptoms, type, and seizure frequency and time. It is generally believed that any secondary epilepsy with brain lesions, such as infantile spasm, myoclonic seizures, localized seizures, minor seizure variants, and psychomotor seizures, etc., should be started immediately once the diagnosis is confirmed . Because secondary epilepsy has a clear brain disease, the abnormal discharge focus in the brain persists and remains active, which means that epilepsy will frequently occur, so the treatment should be correspondingly active. If patients with primary epilepsy have frequent seizures, anti-epileptic drug treatment should be started immediately after the diagnosis is established, and seizures should be controlled as soon as possible.   At present, the treatment of epilepsy mainly includes drugs and surgery. In general, drug treatment is the most important treatment method. Taking long-term and regular antiepileptic drugs, 70% of seizures can be controlled, and 60% can be completely discontinued. However, 20% to 30% of epilepsy patients are drug-refractory. After formal and reasonable use of 2 antiepileptic drugs, the seizure is still difficult to control, and the focus (epileptic focus) is clear, surgical treatment can be considered.  Finally remind everyone: if the child unfortunately suffers from epilepsy, do not be pessimistic and passive. At present, the cure rate of epilepsy diseases can reach about 80%, so it is said that epilepsy is not an incurable disease. It is necessary to choose a regular hospital to formulate a reasonable treatment plan in time, and must not delay treatment.

What are the four treatment methods for rheumatoid arthritis?

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis will have pain, stiffness, swelling, deformity, subcutaneous nodules and increased body temperature. Once the above conditions occur, some measures need to be taken for treatment. What are the treatment methods for rheumatoid arthritis? The four methods are effective. &nbsp. 1. Active rest rheumatoid arthritis. When the lesion is in the acute phase, you must actively take bed rest. If the patient rests, it can reduce the pain. The non-acute phase patients also need to be careful not to exercise too vigorously. . &nbsp. Second, physical therapy can be used as appropriate in the recovery period of rheumatoid arthritis. This can help joint movement and improve the inflammatory response of the diseased joint. At the same time, this physical therapy method can also make the patient not As for the excessive loss of function.  &Nbsp. Three, drug treatment    drug treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can take drugs including salicylates, gold preparations, immunosuppressive therapy, such as cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and other drugs. The effect of drug treatment on rheumatoid arthritis is still relatively good, but this treatment method is relatively slow and requires long-term adherence to treatment to see good results. &nbsp. 4. Surgical treatment Surgical treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can have an immediate effect, but this treatment is more painful and recovers more slowly, so it must be used carefully. Surgical treatment of rheumatoid joints The main methods of inflammation are: synovectomy: mainly used for metacarpophalangeal joints, wrist joints and knee joints, etc., which can remove the synovial lesions. Joint irrigation + microscopic synovectomy: In large joints, especially knee joints, synovectomy can be performed under arthroscopy, and repeated flushing at the same time, in order to change the composition of joint fluid to relieve arthritis symptoms and improve joint function purpose. Arthroplasty: For weight-bearing joints, especially the metatarsophalangeal joints of the foot, when claw-shaped toe deformity affects the weight-bearing, metatarsal head resection is possible in order to form new joints to improve the weight-bearing function and relieve pain. Artificial joint replacement: For severe rheumatoid patients, when the hip or knee joint is severely damaged and cannot be repaired, artificial joint replacement can be used as appropriate. Such cases are more common in elderly patients.

How to treat middle-aged people with epilepsy

The damage of epilepsy is very large. When patients find that they have epilepsy, they should be treated in time. The treatment of epilepsy is imminent. The presence of epilepsy will increase the damage to the human body one day. It is very important to treat epilepsy. Patients must recognize this. Most patients don’t know much about epilepsy, so today we will introduce “quote how to treat epilepsy in middle-aged people.”. 1. Some patients with symptomatic treatment have a very good effect in the early stage of treatment, but the later the treatment, the less obvious the effect of treatment. Finally, the medical condition reoccurs, which makes the patient very difficult to understand. In fact, this is the consequence of no symptomatic treatment It is impossible to cure epilepsy if the symptoms are not cured, but he may have some effect in the early stage, but it can not cure epilepsy. Whether it is Chinese medicine or Western medicine, both the symptomatic treatment and the medicine are paid attention to, so the patient treatment should also start from the bottom. It is the most accurate to cure the condition from the foundation. 2. Medical treatment How to treat epilepsy in middle-aged people Drug treatment is a more common treatment method for epilepsy. Most patients can be treated well after they have passed scientific and standardized treatment, and they can be concluded that they are more satisfactory. Healing effect, and then insist on treatment and then recovery, drug treatment is a relatively long process of treatment, patients must make corresponding psychological preparations before treatment, after starting treatment, there must be contented determination and patience, to ensure every day When taking medicines on time and in quantity, you must ensure that the medicines are always within the useful blood concentration level, so that the medicines can play the most role. The medical treatment is usually single-medical treatment, which can help most patients cure. As long as the patient has no effect or a very insignificant effect after a certain period of single-medication treatment, the patient can consider the combination of drugs under the guidance of the doctor. When combining drugs, attention should be paid to the rejection and side effects between drugs. Drugs that are less repulsive should not be impatient when adding or changing medicines. They should be carried out step by step and give the body a habitual process. 3. Surgery treatment Surgery treatment is not suitable for most patients like medical treatment. Its audience size is relatively small. As long as the lesion site is significant and the patient can be accurately located before surgery, a series of evaluations can be performed before surgery. Medical treatment, surgical treatment has the characteristics of quick results and short course of treatment, but it also has its dangers, and patients must understand it carefully before surgery.

How to treat epilepsy

For patients with epilepsy, to treat epilepsy, we must first understand the causes and symptoms of epilepsy, so that we can choose the treatment method suitable for ourselves according to our physical conditions. With the progress of society and the continuous improvement of the medical level, the more the treatment of epilepsy More and more. How to treat epilepsy? Let’s find out.   1. Treatment for the cause of epilepsy: This therapy mainly treats the cause of the patient’s illness. The patient should try to avoid these factors in life and develop healthy habits to ensure good sleep quality and avoid fatigue. The diet should pay more attention to avoid overeating and improve the quality of life of patients with epilepsy.   2. Epilepsy drug treatment method: This kind of treatment is more common in life, many patients take medication, and epilepsy can be controlled by medication. The epilepsy drug treatment is currently the most effective, convenient and most commonly used treatment method. Patients should take a fixed amount of medication regularly according to the doctor’s instructions.   3. Epilepsy surgery treatment method: This method has the shortest treatment time. In fact, only a part of patients with epilepsy can be treated by surgery. Surgical treatment also has certain risks, so be careful. Doctors generally do not recommend it. Only when the patient’s epilepsy drug treatment is ineffective and the patient’s epilepsy pathology is relatively clear can surgery be used to treat epilepsy.

Can epilepsy be cured

We all know that epilepsy is difficult to treat, and it is easy to relapse, so many people lose confidence in the treatment of epilepsy. Epilepsy will not only hurt themselves, but also affect others. Once the seizure has an impact on the people or objects around it, the treatment is very Important, then, can epilepsy be cured? Let’s take a look at it together.  A: Drug treatment of epilepsy: Drug treatment of epilepsy is the most basic treatment method and the most common method of clinical treatment of epilepsy. Most patients can be effectively controlled by medication. At present, the number of first-line antiepileptic drugs has appeared, increasing clinicians’ choice of drugs for treating epilepsy. B: Surgical treatment of epilepsy: This is a method for refractory epilepsy. General surgical treatment of epilepsy can restore health. Conventional treatments include anterior temporal lobe epilepsy surgery, epilepsy resection, etc., of course, there are some conservative operations. The past two years have also made gratifying progress, so the current surgical treatment of epilepsy is also very perfect.  C: Etiological treatment of epilepsy: To treat epilepsy, first find out the cause of epilepsy. Such as epilepsy caused by meningitis, anti-inflammatory treatment should be performed first. For brain parasites caused by epilepsy, you must first find the cause to better treat it. For brain tumors caused by epilepsy, you must first undergo surgery to remove the tumor.  D: Other methods to treat epilepsy: Other methods to treat epilepsy, such as ketogenic diet to treat epilepsy, traditional Chinese medicine to treat epilepsy, acupuncture to treat epilepsy, have a certain effect. Psychotherapy can also improve the quality of life of epilepsy patients.

How to treat epilepsy

For patients with epilepsy, to treat epilepsy, we must first understand the causes and symptoms of epilepsy, so that we can choose the treatment method suitable for ourselves according to our physical conditions. With the progress of society and the continuous improvement of the medical level, the more the treatment of epilepsy The more you come, the better the treatment of epilepsy? Let’s find out.   1. Treatment for the cause of epilepsy: This therapy mainly treats the cause of the patient’s illness. The patient should try to avoid these factors in life and develop healthy habits to ensure good sleep quality and avoid fatigue. The diet should pay more attention to avoid overeating and improve the quality of life of patients with epilepsy.   2. Epilepsy drug treatment method: This kind of treatment is more common in life, many patients take medication, and epilepsy can be controlled by medication. The epilepsy drug treatment is currently the most effective, convenient and most commonly used treatment method. Patients should take a fixed amount of medication regularly according to the doctor’s instructions.   3. Epilepsy surgery treatment method: This method has the shortest treatment time. In fact, only a part of patients with epilepsy can be treated by surgery. Surgical treatment also has certain risks, so be careful. Doctors generally do not recommend it. Only when the patient’s epilepsy drug treatment is ineffective and the patient’s epilepsy pathology is relatively clear can surgery be used to treat epilepsy.

Taking these medicines can cause “osteoporosis”!

Taking these medicines can cause “osteoporosis”! Osteoporosis is a systemic bone metabolic disorder characterized by low bone mineral content, destruction of bone structure, decreased bone strength, and prone to fractures. According to statistics, 8% to 15% of the clinically common osteoporosis are caused by taking drugs, which is also known as drug-induced osteoporosis in clinic. The following drugs can cause “osteoporosis&quot.: 1, Tenofovir: Tenofovir, one of the backbones of antiviral treatment, is one of the drugs that many infected people must use every day. It is well known that tenofovir causes bone Mass loss and kidney damage, although the effect is slight, but still need to pay attention to long-term use, especially when used in combination with the following drugs, protease inhibitors: protease inhibitors may also inhibit the activity of hydroxylase, so that 25- (OH)D3 cannot be effectively converted to 1,25-(OH)2D3, which indirectly affects bone metabolism. (Common varieties: Kelizhi, Puzeli). 3. Glucocorticoids Glucocorticoids are the most common cause of osteoporosis The drugs are mainly related to glucocorticoids promoting protein breakdown, inhibiting its synthesis and increasing calcium and phosphorus excretion. It is more common in children, menopausal women and the elderly, and severe cases can occur spontaneous fractures. (Common varieties: dexamethasone, strong Pine). 4, tumor chemotherapy drugs Many chemotherapy drugs can have an effect on the skeletal system, such as methotrexate can cause osteoporosis by reducing osteoblast activity and increasing osteoclast production, and long-term high-dose application can even cause methotrexate Osteopathic bone disease (bone pain, osteoporosis, compression fractures); cyclophosphamide can cause osteoblast damage to cause bone dysplasia and affect bone metabolism; doxorubicin can inhibit bone marrow and bone cortex by inhibiting osteoblasts 5. The thickness of anti-epileptic drugs is long-term use of anti-epileptic drugs phenytoin sodium, phenobarbital, etc. can cause osteoporosis. Such drugs can promote the degradation of vitamin D, reduce the absorption of calcium ions, and reduce the body’s parathyroid Adenosine reaction, resulting in vitamin K and calcitonin deficiency caused osteoporosis. 6. The anticoagulant warfarin can also cause osteoporosis, which may be related to its inhibition of calcitonin deposition and promotion of bone resorption. It often occurs in The distal radius, spine, and hip bones are also found in the ribs. Osteoporosis caused by heparin often occurs in the spine and ribs. The mechanism of action may be related to increased collagen dissolution, hyperthyroidism to accelerate bone resorption, and inhibit bone formation. Low molecular weight heparin has a lower risk of osteoporosis than ordinary heparin. In addition, diuretics, isoniazid, lithium preparations, calcium phosphatase inhibitors, aluminum-containing antacids, thiazolidinedione hypoglycemic agents, partial resistance Cancer drugs, anticoagulants, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone drugs can also cause osteoporosis and increase the risk of fractures.

Parents and friends must see, don’t let your child become the next patient with microtia!

I have encountered many such patients. After being born with microtia, the mother-in-law and husband often blame their mother. They all think that it is the mother who gave birth to the child with one ear. Many mothers are also very wronged and their ears are normal. Why do children have small ear deformities? First of all, to clarify, the exact cause of congenital microtia is not very clear, and may involve various factors such as genetics and pregnancy. But it cannot be said that it is a problem of the father or the mother. There is no evidence to prove that diet, rest, illness, etc. during pregnancy will cause this kind of situation, so don’t let the innocent mother go back! Why do children have small ear deformities? The development time of the baby’s ears begins at 6 weeks of pregnancy. When the pregnant mother is two to three months pregnant, the outer ear contour, middle ear and inner ear of the baby are basically formed. During this period, if there is abnormal development , There will be symptoms of microtia. There are many reasons for the occurrence of microtia, and the medical community has not attributed the specific single cause to the main factors that cause microtia. Environmental, chemical, and genetic factors can lead to the appearance of microtia: 1. The most common environmental factors including environmental factors include Radiation and environmental pollution. Pregnant mothers are infected with pathogenic viruses such as the cold virus, herpes zoster virus, etc. in the early pregnancy, or the pregnant mother has diseases of the immune system, diabetes, etc. may cause the baby to have microtia. 2. Chemical factors Mothers who took anti-cold drugs, antibiotic drugs, hormone drugs or potassium retinoic acid drugs and other chemical drugs in the early pregnancy may also cause microtia. In addition to drugs, frequent exposure of mothers to tobacco and alcohol during pregnancy can also be a susceptible factor for microtia. 3. The genetic probability of the microtia deformity should be determined according to the specific situation. More than one immediate family member suffers from microtia or other ear deformities, indicating that there is a genetic gene for microtia in the family, and the incidence of microtia was significantly increased in the next generation of the patient or the parents who gave birth to the second child again. In general, the odds of microtia in the general population are 1/3000, and those with a family history may increase to 1/1000.

Suffering from severe pharyngitis, how to adjust the body in daily life? Doctor’s 2 point analysis to help

Pharyngitis is a common upper respiratory tract disease, which is divided into acute and chronic. When pharyngitis is acute, there is often throat pain, foreign body sensation, and burning sensation. In severe cases, it can cause hoarseness and difficulty swallowing. Even chronic pharyngitis can cause long-term pharyngitis Discomfort, dryness and itching, and sometimes slight pain. In life, many people suffer from repeated acute attacks of pharyngitis and chronic pharyngitis, which sometimes seriously affects work, study and life, and can also lead to irritability. How should people with severe pharyngitis be relieved? Since there is no specific explanation for acute or chronic pharyngitis, then let’s talk about acute and chronic aspects. 1. Acute pharyngitis The main causes of acute attacks of pharyngitis are bacterial and viral infections. Viral infections are usually self-limiting and will resolve on their own within 3-5 days, and bacterial infections require the use of antibacterial drugs. Generally, the bacteria that cause acute pharyngitis are chain-linked Cocci are relatively common, so the antibacterial drugs that can be selected are macrolides such as penicillin, first- and second-generation cephalosporins, or roxithromycin. If there is obvious pain in the throat or burning sensation of foreign bodies during the period, symptomatic treatment of analgesic drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be used appropriately, but the analgesic drugs should not be used continuously for more than 5 days. Chinese patent medicine for clearing throat and reducing throat. 2. Chronic pharyngitis The causes of chronic pharyngitis are more complex and diverse, such as long-term bacterial or mycoplasma infection, post-nasal drip syndrome, sleep apnea syndrome, gastroesophageal throat reflux, occupational exposure such as teachers, salespersons, etc. Smoking, drinking and eating spicy, grilled or fried foods can all cause chronic pharyngitis. Although the symptoms of chronic pharyngitis are relatively lighter than those of acute pharyngitis, they also have chronic symptoms such as dry throat, itching, and irritating cough. If you want a complete relief, you must first find out the cause. For example, if it is caused by post-nasal drip syndrome caused by nasal diseases such as chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps, adenoid hypertrophy, allergic rhinitis, etc., you can use sinus opening surgery, nasal Polypectomy, allergic rhinitis desensitization treatment, adenoidectomy and other methods; if it is caused by gastroesophageal reflux, you need to use drugs to protect the stomach and promote gastrointestinal motility; if due to diet and bad habits As a result, it is necessary to quit smoking and alcohol, avoid eating spicy, barbecue and fried food; if it is bacterial or mycoplasma infection, it is necessary to thoroughly antibacterial treatment. When there are discomforts such as dry throat and itching, you can use anti-allergic drugs or inhalation of topical glucocorticoids to reduce inflammation, or use Chinese patent medicines that have the effect of clearing heat and detoxifying and clearing the throat and throat. Effect. How to regulate the body in daily life? 1. Diet adjustment In addition to avoiding spicy, grilled and fried foods, eat more foods rich in vitamins and other nutrients, such as fruits and vegetables, usually drink plenty of water to prevent dry throat. 2. Strengthen exercise and enhance physical fitness Strengthen exercise and enhance physical fitness to prevent viral and bacterial infections and prevent chronic pharyngitis due to long-term bacterial infections. 3. Improve the living and working environment, such as staying away from oily smoke and dusty environment, or wearing a mask. When there is occupational exposure, we should pay attention to avoid excessive voice, and let the pharynx rest properly. In short, the throat is the gateway for our voice to communicate with the outside world, and it is also an organ that is easily injured. Prevention is better than cure. In our daily life, we should pay attention to protecting the throat and avoid the occurrence of pharyngitis. References: Meng Huiju, Liang Yi, He Yuejie, et al. Research progress in the treatment and prevention of chronic pharyngitis [J]. Chinese Journal of New Clinical Medicine, 2013, 6(12): 1221-1225 Owned by the original author, thanks to the author of the picture. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

What antihypertensive drugs should young people choose for hypertension? These 2 types of drugs recommended by your doctor

Now there are more and more young people suffering from high blood pressure. Many people are in their 30s or even 20s, and they have already experienced an increase in blood pressure, or even a diagnosis of high blood pressure. How can young people regulate high blood pressure? In terms of medication, what are the more suitable options and precautions? Today I will briefly introduce you to this knowledge. The incidence and characteristics of hypertension in young people Compared with the problem of hypertension in the elderly, young people, especially young people with new hypertension, often have their own characteristics. The occurrence of hypertension in young people is often closely related to the increase in cardiac output and the acceleration of heart rate. The increase in cardiac output leads to an increase in the volume of blood in the arterial blood vessels, and the arterial blood vessel wall is subjected to more pressure. It will gradually increase, and the heart rate is too fast. When the heart is dilated, the blood flow back to the heart is insufficient, which will lead to an increase in diastolic blood pressure. Young people have new hypertension, and the elasticity of the blood vessel wall is still relatively good, and the degree of arteriosclerosis is also Smaller, if it is not actively controlled, hypertension will gradually affect the health of arteries and blood vessels. After the long-term development of hypertension, it will be transformed into hypertension caused by major arteriosclerosis and increased resistance to blood flow in the inner walls of arteries. . For young people with high blood pressure, the characteristics are also very clear, that is, the problem of low pressure rise often occurs first, and even many young people with high blood pressure are purely low pressure and high pressure but not exceeding the standard. The reason why it appears The characteristics of such high low pressure are closely related to the increase in cardiac output, the faster heart rate, the increase in sympathetic excitability, and the increased activity of the renin-angiotensin system. When regulating the problems of high blood pressure and high pressure in young people, we should also conduct targeted conditioning and treatment. Do young people have to take medicine to control hypertension? If it is a young person, and it is a newly discovered mild hypertension problem, of course, it is not necessarily to be controlled by taking medicine immediately. Whether to take medicine or not, we must make a comprehensive assessment to determine the degree of blood pressure increase and other cardiovascular disease risk factors. For example, young friends with simple low pressure and high problems have a diastolic pressure of just over 90, a high pressure of more than 130, and no risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes. In this case, it is not recommended to rush to take medicine. Life conditioning interventions to strengthen blood pressure control. Why there is low pressure and high, may have a certain relationship with the following life factors-obesity has a long-term taste, high salt, high fat, high sugar diet, long-term smoking, long-term heavy drinking, long-term emotional anxiety, tension, and stress often These life factors such as staying up and sitting for long periods of time are all controllable and help to improve the important aspects of blood pressure. For mild young people with high blood pressure or simple high blood pressure in young people, you may wish to start from the above Take a look at the aspects of life improvement and conditioning in a targeted manner. In many cases, if you can actively improve and adjust bad habits, and maintain healthy and good habits for a long time, high pressure problems, mild hypertension The problems can be effectively recovered and improved, and it is entirely possible to fully recover to a healthy level below 120/80. And if it is found to be more serious hypertension problems, such as secondary hypertension with a blood pressure exceeding 160/100, or there are other basic chronic diseases such as those found in diabetic patients, or after 3~ Young people who are still unable to effectively lower their blood pressure after 6 months of strict self-controlled life conditioning intervention should consider taking drugs to control their blood pressure. Drug selection for hypertension in young people For young people with hypertension, if it is evaluated that it is necessary to take drugs to strengthen blood pressure control, it is still necessary to remind everyone that the premise of medication must also be based on adequate life conditioning interventions Carrying out such blood pressure control is more effective. The problem of hypertension in young people is also very important to choose antihypertensive drugs in a targeted manner. From the perspective of the pathogenesis and characteristics of hypertension in young people, the choice of drugs that inhibit the activity of the renin system and the activity of the sympathetic nervous system is often the best choice. Such antihypertensive drugs can mainly consider sartans and common drugs A class of antihypertensive drugs, both of which are inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, for targeted conditioning and control of young people

What kind of medicine is used for genital warts? Where can I buy it?

  Medical treatment has always been the preferred method for patients to treat diseases. Drugs include paclitaxel, podophyllotoxin tincture, imiquimod cream, recombinant human interferon α2b cream, etc. These methods can only temporarily inhibit virus proliferation, and the side effects are still relatively serious, which can cause local ulcers, pain, and damage to the dermis. Tissue scars cannot be cured completely, and the recurrence rate is relatively high.     Topical treatment of condyloma acuminatum does have certain effects, such as removing the symptoms on the surface of the patient, but it has no effect on the virus in the body. Moreover, the external medicines are usually highly irritating, which can easily cause skin allergies, redness and even ulcers in patients with condyloma acuminatum.    Condyloma acuminatum must be noticed, and go to the hospital for treatment in time. For genital warts, generally you need to choose the most suitable treatment method according to the condition. Many patients will choose drug therapy, and doctors believe that jrsyer drugs can only help control the disease, and cannot completely remove the virus in the body, and it is easy to relapse. At this time, it is more appropriate to choose the method of traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of condyloma acuminata is usually made by a reasonable combination of soup “oral + bubble wash”. The typical representative of traditional Chinese medicine is not only no pain in the treatment process, but also can treat warts. The body and virus are completely removed to achieve the purpose of curing without recurrence.

Subcutaneously implanted arterial chemotherapy technology preserves organs, limbs and functions for cancer patients

Tumor does not want to amputate? Are there any other treatment options? Recently, the editor interviewed Dr. Li Dingfeng, the former Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. He pointed out that subcutaneously implanted arterial chemotherapy can increase the concentration of chemotherapy drugs, reduce toxic and side effects, and provide the possibility for tumor patients to preserve organs, limbs and functions. Professor Li Dingfeng, the former expert of the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and the chief physician of the Cancer Center of Xiangya Boai Hospital, introduced that for solid tumors, the standard treatment mode of chemotherapy, surgery, and re-chemotherapy should be followed. Chemotherapy before surgery can effectively kill satellite foci around tumors and subclinical foci of distant metastasis. The primary foci of tumors can be reduced by chemotherapy, and clear surgical boundaries can create conditions for surgery. Preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy: the primary focus can be reduced and the tumor boundary is clear, creating conditions for surgical operations. Subcutaneous implantable arterial chemotherapy technology provides the possibility of subcutaneous implantable arterial chemotherapy for organ preservation, limb preservation, and function preservation: will The chemotherapeutic device is buried under the skin near the tumor, and the drug delivery catheter is introduced into the artery that supplies blood to the tumor tissue. The size of this chemotherapeutic device is not large. After being buried in the human body, it has basically no effect on the normal activities of the person before and after the surgery for a long time. When the medicine needs to be administered, the medical staff can simply use a common syringe to push the medicine into the chemotherapeutic device. According to the condition, the medicine can be administered at any time or for a long time, which is simple and convenient. Because the chemotherapeutic drugs are produced by the chemotherapeutic device and reach the tumor tissue, the degradation of the liver and kidney before the tumor reaches the tumor is avoided, and the drug concentration in the tumor area is increased, and each time it is doubled, the therapeutic effect can be increased by 10-20 times. In this way, not only can the drug effect be fully exerted, but also the toxic side effects of the drug on the human body are reduced. Then, in response to the problem of strong repair ability of tumor cells in the past, an anti-repair agent was administered through a chemotherapeutic device to inhibit the repair of tumor cells and further improve the killing effect of chemotherapy drugs on tumor cells. Another advantage of using this chemotherapy method is the short course of treatment. It is clinically proven that the effect of one course of chemotherapy is equivalent to the effect of 2-3 courses of ordinary chemotherapy. More importantly, in the process of applying this method, some soft tissue tumors that are not sensitive to traditional chemotherapy methods, such as liposarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, and synovial sarcoma, etc., can be completely treated by this method. Killing tumor cells is extremely beneficial for retaining patients’ limbs. Limb salvage treatment for osteosarcoma with obvious pathological fractures 29-year-old osteosarcoma with obvious pathological fractures Osteosarcoma with salvage pathology Treatment of skin dermal fibrosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma sarcoma and cancerous ulcers The technique of “subcutaneous implantable arterial guided chemotherapy” in the right forearm soft tissue deficiency group, due to the greatly increased drug concentration and duration of drug efficacy, enhances the treatment of tumor cells Killing effect, while increasing the repair agent caffeine after tumor chemotherapy, so it has obvious advantages in the treatment of bone and soft tissue tumors, such as pro-apoptosis, anti-repair, and maximum avoidance of amputation. In addition, it also has bone metastasis cancer, Primary tumors, such as pelvic malignant tumors, lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and gastric cancer, can play a better therapeutic role, and have formed a mature technology with a wide range of treatments.

Can I get epilepsy without taking medicine?

Is it okay to take medicine without epilepsy? In the life of people, the concept of people is to take medicine for illness, but some people are negligent and underestimate the disease, delaying the treatment and causing greater damage to their health. For example, epilepsy, which has a high incidence at present, many patients always feel that the disease is not so severe. It does not matter whether they take medicine or not. So, is it okay to get epilepsy without taking medicine? The following will be introduced by authoritative epilepsy treatment experts. Is it okay to take epilepsy without taking medicine? Epilepsy is a very common chronic disease of the brain. It is critical for patients to be treated in time. In the past, epilepsy may be more difficult to treat, but with the development of science and technology, Can epilepsy be cured? Generally speaking, it is difficult to cure epilepsy without taking medicine. Even if you choose surgical treatment, acupuncture treatment, and appropriate medication, you can achieve the goal of completely curing epilepsy. The current medical treatment methods for epilepsy include:   medicine treatment, which is a routine treatment and the most basic treatment for epilepsy. It is now a common method for clinical treatment of epilepsy. Most patients can be effectively controlled by medical treatment. Moreover, the availability of many first-line antiepileptic drugs has also made it more difficult for clinicians to choose drugs.  Is it good to have epilepsy without taking medicine? In addition to being able to use medicine for treatment, epilepsy can also adopt surgical treatment according to the patient’s actual condition. Surgical treatment of refractory epilepsy has been widely used in major hospitals.  Finally, in the treatment of patients with epilepsy, it can also be treated according to the detailed factors of the onset of epilepsy. To treat epilepsy, treat the cause of epilepsy first. If the epilepsy is caused by meningitis, the anti-inflammatory treatment must be stopped first. If the epilepsy is caused by brain parasites, it must be treated by a pioneer insect. There is also a brain tumor that causes epilepsy, and surgery must be performed to remove the tumor.

Regarding the issue of childbirth and pregnancy in women with epilepsy, you want to know it is here!

 At present, most patients with epilepsy can work and live like normal people after reasonable treatment. But when it comes to having children, there are many questions. In particular, many women with epilepsy ask more about these questions. Professor Wang Chao from the Epilepsy Center of Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University will give you a talk about the problems of childbirth and pregnancy in women with epilepsy. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.01. Can epilepsy patients have children?  Epilepsy patients can live a normal life, as long as it is not due to some other diseases caused by seizures, they can all live normally and get married and have children normally. Professor Wang Chao explained: For example, the seizures are actually the same as gastric ulcers. Gastric ulcers are always stomach pains, and seizures may be convulsions or other manifestations, but there is no difference from diseases such as gastric ulcers. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.02. Does pregnancy affect seizures?  Early pregnancy reaction during pregnancy, sleep problems, increased burden of the body during the third trimester and anxiety can increase the frequency of seizures; in addition, due to pregnant women’s concerns about the adverse effects of drugs on the fetus and self-reduction or self-discontinuation of drugs, it will also increase the frequency of pregnancy attacks. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.03. Does seizure affect pregnancy?   90% of pregnant women with epilepsy can obtain normal newborns, but the incidence of premature delivery and pregnancy-induced hypertension is 2 to 3 times that of the normal population. Such as repeated epileptic seizures during pregnancy or convulsions for a long time, can cause trauma to pregnant women and may cause intrauterine hypoxic trauma. In addition, pregnant women taking antiepileptic drugs have a 1 to 2 times higher incidence of fetal congenital abnormalities than the normal population; second, pregnant women taking antiepileptic drugs may cause long-term psychomotor development and cognitive development. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.04. What should you pay attention to during the pregnancy? Professor Wang Chao explained: If you are about to become pregnant, you should go to a regular hospital outpatient clinic to receive doctor’s guidance. Because we know that epilepsy patients may cause some neurological abnormalities in children because of taking medicine. So we need these patients to take folic acid from the first three months of pregnancy. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. How long do you need to take? Normal female pregnancy generally takes folic acid from the pregnancy period to the first three months of pregnancy, but for pregnant patients with epilepsy, it is necessary to get pregnant Folic acid should be taken from the first three months to the entire period of pregnancy. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.05. Can female patients with epilepsy breastfeed?   Almost all antiepileptic drugs can enter breast milk through the blood, but it is generally believed that the benefits of breastfeeding outweigh the disadvantages. Promote breastfeeding. However, it should be noted that the minimum dose of drugs that can control seizures should be taken during lactation, and drugs with a low breast milk pass rate should be selected to reduce the impact on the baby.  We mentioned that during pregnancy and after giving birth to these drugs, it is recommended to take a new generation of antiepileptic drugs, such as oxcarbazepine, levetiracetam, and lamotrigine.   For sodium valproate, we generally do not recommend eating it for female patients of childbearing age. If you have a child in recent years, or if you are married and about to have a baby, we do not recommend taking this medicine because: first, sodium valproate may cause polycystic ovary syndrome in women In addition, it may cause a certain deformity to the child. Therefore, we do not recommend women of childbearing age to eat sodium valproate. But for some patients, it is useless to take other medicines. What should I do if sodium valproate is useful? At this time, we need to control the dosage of sodium valproate under the professional guidance of a doctor to minimize the impact in this regard.

Condyloma acuminatum relapse ulcers after application

External topical ointments containing corrosive ingredients generally dissolve and ulcerate the wart body itself by corroding the local wart body tissue, and then the wart tissue appears necrosis, thus falling off to achieve the purpose of removing the wart body, but this drug can usually hurt Dermal tissue is easy to cause scars.  After using medication, if there is ulceration on the affected area, please go to a regular hospital in time to deal with the affected area to avoid the risk of lesions on the affected area. Experts said: If there is a recurrence of genital warts, please do not arbitrarily use medicine at home, because any medicine can not treat genital warts.  Using medicine to treat condyloma acuminatum is not a good way. Medicine treatment only removes the warts on the surface of the body. It cannot remove the HPV virus from the patient’s body. If you stop using the medicine, there will be recurrence. Patients should still go to the hospital for professional treatment when treating genital warts.

How to avoid gastrointestinal bleeding when taking aspirin? Heart Doctor: Do this 8 points

Many people are afraid of aspirin because the most common side effect of aspirin is gastrointestinal bleeding. I personally participated in the rescue of too many gastrointestinal bleeding caused by aspirin. Among them, there are many cases of gastrointestinal bleeding after stent placement, and the heart can be placed in the stent, indicating that the cardiovascular is severely narrowed or completely occluded. Especially for acute myocardial infarction, 300 mg of aspirin plus clopidogrel or ticagrelor must be added at this time, and anticoagulant drugs are also required. In addition, acute myocardial infarction itself can easily cause stress gastrointestinal ulcers, causing digestive tract Bleeding. Of course, this kind of gastrointestinal bleeding is relatively good for treatment, because it is stressful, so after treatment in the digestive department, the ulcer will heal quickly, and it is safer to continue taking aspirin in the long run. However, some people usually have gastrointestinal ulcers, but they don’t know it at all. After taking aspirin suddenly, they will inevitably increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. If you avoid taking aspirin, it will cause gastrointestinal bleeding: First, you should eat, not eat, don’t eat. Many people think that aspirin is a health product, and eat it at a certain age. As a result, it causes gastrointestinal bleeding. In fact, aspirin is very strict A medicine must be fully evaluated by a doctor before it can be taken. 1. Patients who must eat aspirin: coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, severe carotid plaque, severe extremity arterial stenosis, post-stent surgery, and bypass surgery. 2. If you combine high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity and other risk factors, do you want to take aspirin? For these three types of people, it is not recommended to take aspirin for primary prevention: 1) People who are >70 years old or <40 years old: as long as there is no confirmed cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, even if there are high-risk factors, such as even three high, do not eat aspirin Prevent blood clots. 2) People with high risk of bleeding: are using drugs that increase the risk of bleeding, antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulant drugs, glucocorticoids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; gastrointestinal bleeding, gastrointestinal ulcer or other bleeding history; age > .70 years old; thrombocytopenia; coagulation dysfunction; severe liver disease; chronic kidney disease stages 4 to 5; uneradicated Helicobacter pylori infection; uncontrolled hypertension, etc. 3) Patients whose risk of bleeding is greater than the risk of thrombosis. If you want to eat, you must evaluate in detail: For adults 40 to 70 years old, if there are risk factors for high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, family history, obesity, smoking, etc., whether to eat aspirin, need to be evaluated, cardiovascular disease for 10 years The expected risk is ≥10%, and there are still ≥3 major risk factors that are poorly controlled or difficult to change after active therapeutic intervention. Aspirin may be considered to reduce the risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease. 2. If it is a definite cardio-cerebrovascular disease, you must eat aspirin, how to avoid aspirin causing heavy bleeding 1. If you have a clear history of peptic ulcer, you must tell the doctor truthfully, the doctor will also use drugs that protect the gastric mucosa when using aspirin and Proton pump inhibitors to prevent gastrointestinal bleeding. 2. There is no clear digestive tract disease. If there are symptoms, or if the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding is high after evaluation, medication prevention can also be given in advance to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. 3. Carefully weigh the benefit-bleeding risk ratio, and screen and exclude people at high risk of bleeding. 4. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle (quit smoking, drinking alcohol, scientific diet and exercise) and actively control blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid levels. Hypertensive patients must control their blood pressure at <140/90mmHg before considering aspirin. 5. You must communicate with the patient before taking the medicine, and the application should be started after the patient's consent. 6. For patients with acute coronary syndromes such as acute myocardial infarction, two antiplatelet drugs are required, aspirin + clopidogrel or ticagrelor. After evaluation, the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding is high, so the prophylactic administration can protect the gastric mucosa To prevent stomach bleeding. 7. If only one antiplatelet drug is used, those who are sensitive to aspirin or intolerant of aspirin can use clopidogrel or ticagrelor instead. But it must be clear that even clopidogrel or ticagrelor can cause gastrointestinal bleeding or systemic bleeding. 8. Aspirin enteric-coated tablets should be taken on an empty stomach as much as possible to reduce the time that the drug stays in the stomach and reduce the risk of bleeding. Of course, if you are bleeding, you need to stop taking aspirin. total