Elevated aminotransferase is liver disease? Doctors rumors: these 5 cases of transaminase will also increase

A patient who was reexamined after myocardial infarction came from the outpatient clinic. He took the blood test sheet and asked: Doctor, why can’t I get a liver? At first glance, the transaminase increased by 2 times. I said that it was not ruled out that it was caused by taking statin drugs. Of course, it could not rule out that my liver had problems. But don’t worry, the increase in transaminases caused by statins is generally transient, and it needs to be reduced or stopped 3 times higher, so after another month of observation, many people can return to normal. After 1 month, the patient’s liver function transaminase has returned to normal, and I assured him to continue taking the medicine. Many people know that high transaminase is an important indicator of liver damage, right, not all right! 1. What is a transaminase? A transaminase is a type of enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of amino groups between amino acids and keto acids. It is ubiquitous in animals, plant tissues and microorganisms, and the content is higher in animal tissues such as myocardium, brain, liver and kidney. There are many types of aminotransferases, but alanine aminotransferase (GPT) and aspartate aminotransferase (GOT) are the most important. Aspartate aminotransferase is the most active in the heart, followed by the liver; aspartate aminotransferase is the most active in the liver. When liver problems occur, alanine aminotransferase is mainly elevated; and determination of aspartate aminotransferase activity can help diagnose heart disease, such as myocardial infarction. 2. Transaminase is not liver-specific. Transaminase is not a liver-specific enzyme. Many diseases or even other diseases will cause the increase of transaminase. Therefore, elevated transaminase does not necessarily mean liver disease. 1. Biliary tract diseases: common ones include cholecystitis, ascaris bile duct, hepatobiliary stones, gallbladder and bile duct tumors, periampullary cancer, congenital biliary dilatation, acute and chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic headache and hemorrhagic necrotizing pancreatitis. 2. Heart disease: Acute myocardial infarction, myocarditis, heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases can cause high transaminase. 3. Infectious diseases: myocarditis, pyelonephritis, lobar pneumonia, tuberculosis, polymyositis, hyperthyroidism, acute septicemia, intestinal typhoid, meningococcal, malaria, leptospirosis, influenza, measles , Schistosomiasis, crush syndrome and other patients, you can also see elevated blood transaminase. 4. Caused by drugs: Many drugs need to be metabolized by the liver, so some drugs may cause elevated transaminases, such as erythromycin, sleeping pills, antipyretic analgesics, contraceptive ointments, and other Chinese medicines such as pinellia, betel nut, and Qingdai. Causes an increase in transaminase. Also, for example, the most commonly used statin drugs in our cardiovascular system will also cause an increase in transaminase, which must be paid attention to. 5. Other reasons: Check the transaminase after strenuous exercise; excessive fatigue will cause the transaminase to increase; alcoholism will cause the transaminase to rise; when lacking cystine and vitamin E, the transaminase will rise. 3. Increased transaminase caused by liver disease. Liver cells are the main survivors of transaminase. When liver cells undergo inflammation, poisoning, necrosis, etc., liver cells will be damaged, and the transaminase will be released into the blood, which will increase serum transaminase. . The normal value of aspartate aminotransferase (GOT) is 0-37u/L. The normal value of alanine aminotransferase (GPT) is 0-40u/L. Less than 120IU/L is called mild transaminase increase. Between 120-400IU/L is called moderate transaminase increase. More than 400IU/L is called severe transaminase increase. What will happen if the transaminase is elevated? Mild transaminase elevation may have no effect. With the further increase of transaminase, some people may appear: fatigue, anorexia, insomnia, low fever, greasiness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, liver discomfort, out Sweat, drowsiness, thirst, and eyestrain easily. Patients with larger transaminase elevations may experience symptoms such as fatigue, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and bloating. Any liver disease may lead to increased transaminases, especially various types of viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver abscess, liver tuberculosis, liver cancer, fatty liver, hepatolenticular degeneration, etc., can cause different degrees of transaminases high. 4. Is transaminase elevated infectious? Transaminase itself is not contagious, but transaminase is only a result. If it is viral hepatitis, such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, etc. caused by high glutamic acid transaminase, it is infectious. But other reasons, such as exercise, drugs, alcoholism, fatty liver, non-hepatitis cirrhosis, heart disease, etc., are not contagious.

Several diseases that are easily confused with obsessive-compulsive disorder

  Now many people have become obsessive-compulsive disorder under the pressure of a lot because of being forced by life. There are many diseases in daily life that are similar to obsessive-compulsive disorder, and people need to distinguish between them. What kinds of diseases are obsessive-compulsive disorder easy to confuse, and people need to do a good job of identification?    1. Patients with schizophrenia can also produce obsessive-compulsive symptoms, but often do not take obsession as a distress, and will not actively seek treatment, compulsion The content of thinking is grotesque and has psychiatric symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions. It is generally easy to identify, but patients with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder can sometimes be accompanied by transient psychiatric symptoms.   2. Depression    Patients with this disease can have obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder can also produce depression. The identification is mainly to identify which are the primary symptoms and appear first.   3. Anxiety disorder Both can have anxiety manifestations. The anxiety of obsessive-compulsive disorder mostly arises due to the repeated occurrence of obsessive thinking or the compulsive behavior can not be implemented. In contrast, the anxiety of anxiety disorder can be unreasonable and lack of specific objects.  4. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms caused by drugs  Some drugs, such as clozapine, can cause obsessive-compulsive symptoms during the treatment of schizophrenia, but the patient does not feel distressed, and the symptoms gradually relieve and disappear after the drug is stopped.   5. Organic mental disorders    Organic lesions in certain parts of the brain, such as bleeding or infarction, can cause obsessive-compulsive symptoms, so it is quite necessary to ask the history of related cerebrovascular diseases at the time of diagnosis and complete related auxiliary examinations such as head magnetic resonance. After understanding these kinds of diseases that are easy to be confused with obsessive-compulsive disorder, everyone should make a careful analysis when judging in life, to see which kind of disease symptoms, at least to do not make the disease judgment wrong, judgment Only after the correct treatment can be carried out.

What are the daily care of vitiligo during treatment?

Vitiligo is a skin disease that can seriously harm people’s skin. This disease will seriously affect the physical and mental health of patients and have a huge impact on the appearance of patients. Vitiligo is also a kind of skin disease that is difficult to treat in medicine. Usually, treatment at the early stage of the disease can be well controlled and relieved. Therefore, early detection and active cooperation with treatment can kill vitiligo in the bud. So, what should be done in the daily care of patients with vitiligo? 1, most people suffering from vitiligo disease will cause a great burden on the patient’s psychology, which is very unfavorable for the relief treatment of vitiligo disease, so patients need to Reduce stress, throw away psychological burdens, maintain an optimistic and positive attitude, and avoid anxiety or negative emotions on your back. In life, it is necessary to make reasonable arrangements, pay attention to the combination of work and rest, and avoid prolonged overwork. Even pay attention to some undesirable stimuli that did not change their own unhealthy mental state, etc., which is very beneficial to assist patients in treatment. 2. After suffering from vitiligo, patients need to do a reasonable diet, eat spicy and irritating foods, and even smoke, alcohol or seafood, etc., need to be avoided. Vitiligo patients are to avoid some fresh vegetables or fruits rich in vitamin C , Vitiligo patients should drink more water. Of course, patients can usually eat more animal liver, broccoli, celery, etc. These foods can supplement many trace elements needed by patients, which can greatly help the relief of vitiligo disease. 3. In daily life, patients with vitiligo should exercise constantly, which can not only improve their own immunity, but also play a good role in adjuvant treatment of vitiligo disease. At the same time, they must also pay attention to protect the white skin lesions on their body, the patient’s body In the absence of melanin, it is necessary to avoid ultraviolet radiation, and go out to take sunshade measures to prevent the condition from worsening. In addition, patients can not vigorously rub the skin while taking a bath, so as not to cause the same-type reaction caused by skin damage, thereby aggravating the condition. For vitiligo, which is difficult to relieve in a short time, patients need to be mentally prepared for long-term treatment, and they need to receive treatment after suffering from this disease. Especially patients and their families should be eager to encourage and confident. Patients with vitiligo should take care of their skin in order to achieve better relief effects. In addition, the treatment of vitiligo disease is more difficult. Patients should have a correct attitude and develop good habits to avoid serious illness or deterioration.

3 main reasons why teenagers are prone to vitiligo

In recent years, many young people have many white spots on their bodies. At this time, parents should take their children to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time, because this kind of white spots is most likely to have vitiligo. Of course, there are many factors that cause adolescent vitiligo disease, such as: improper diet, staying up late, skin trauma, etc. are all causes of adolescent vitiligo disease. Vitiligo disease can occur at various ages, but the incidence of vitiligo disease in adolescents is relatively high. Therefore, teenagers should pay more attention to their bodies, and do not allow vitiligo to take advantage of it. Then let’s take a look at the reasons why teenagers are prone to vitiligo. 1. Improper eating habits The adolescent period is a good period of development, and at this stage, many adolescents have the bad habit of picky eating or partial eating, and usually eat a lot of small foods, these phenomena will not only give the teenagers good health Injury will also reduce the immunity of young people. Coupled with poor eating habits, the trace elements in the body of the teenagers will be missing, which will cause the synthesis of melanocytes to be hindered, so it will cause the appearance of vitiligo disease. 2. Susceptible to trauma Many young people now particularly like sports, and they also like dangerous sports challenges. These sports often make the body traumatized. However, after the body is traumatized, it will not only easily cause skin stress The reaction can also cause damage to melanocytes, causing melanocytes to produce antibodies and attack normal melanocytes, which can cause the appearance of vitiligo disease. Care should be taken in a timely manner after a teenager receives a trauma to avoid wound infection and also reduce the chance of vitiligo disease. 3. Excessive stress Most teenagers are now at a critical moment of learning, especially during the middle and high school entrance examinations, which is a period of relatively tense youth. Many young people often stay up late during this period of time to study, this situation will be excessively mentally nervous, and will also reduce the body’s immunity. And excessive tension will also consume the nutrients in the teenagers, resulting in disorders of the nerve center, resulting in the appearance of vitiligo disease. Therefore, in normal times, young people must pay attention to their diet, do not have the bad habits of picky eating and partial eating, and protect their bodies during exercise, and try not to cause trauma. Adolescents need to combine work and rest when studying, do not keep the spirit in a state of tension, do not stay up late, and adjust the schedule of life and rest, so as to reduce the chance of vitiligo disease.

Consultation appointment Shi Shurong: How effective is traditional Chinese medicine in treating thrombocytosis?

The clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine is becoming more and more extensive, and the therapeutic effect is also constantly breaking through. Can he treat traditional Chinese medicine for diseases of the blood system, especially myeloproliferative diseases such as primary thrombocytosis? How is the effect? Director Shi Shurong’s WeChat consultation platform: zkxk9999 primary thrombocythemia is a rare hemorrhagic thrombotic disease of unknown etiology. The clinical feature is that platelets continue to increase significantly, megakaryocytes in the bone marrow abnormally proliferate, and may have a tendency to repeatedly bleed and thrombosis. Can traditional Chinese medicine cure thrombocytosis? TCM treatment of thrombocytosis is currently recognized as the most effective treatment method by the medical profession. The biggest advantage of TCM treatment is that it is cost-effective for treatment and cost-effective. Chinese medicine believes that the treatment of the disease must start from the root of the disease, completely correct the disordered bone marrow hematopoietic system function, completely malignant malignant abnormal clonal hyperplasia to produce abnormal platelet bone marrow tissue, completely repair the body’s immune defects and improve resistance to seek disease It can be relieved as soon as possible, and the platelets gradually return to normal state and function. This treatment method is obviously different from the general Chinese medicine treatment ideas, and the effects that can be achieved are obviously different. Experts emphasize that many patients with blood diseases have the characteristics of long course and easy to repeat. In the process of treatment, they should not blindly pursue normal blood, but use integrated Chinese and Western medicine treatment to stabilize the blood in a safe range and combine traditional Chinese medicine for conditioning The body’s overall immune function gradually restores health. More patient exchanges and help can pay attention to WeChat public account: Thrombocytosis Patient Association

What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis&nbsp. 1. Pain and joint pain are the most common manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis. The main manifestation of patients is that pain may occur in joints throughout the body. In addition, pain in the limbs and trunk It is also one of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, it is also likely to cause internal organs and nervous system diseases. &nbsp. 2. Muscle pain Muscle pain is also the most common symptom of rheumatoid arthritis, and the patient’s symptoms are relatively obvious. In addition, the patient will also have other adverse reactions, such as rheumatism. Arthritis patients may also have muscle weakness, increased muscle enzymes, muscle-derived damage, etc. In short, pay attention to the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. &nbsp.3. Irregular fever Irregular fever is also one of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. The so-called fever mainly refers to the occurrence of irregular fever before rheumatism, but it should be noted that rheumatoid arthritis will not There is a chilling phenomenon, and the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in this case is generally ineffective when treated with antibiotics, and patients will also have rapid blood sedimentation. After the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis disease, it is necessary to pay attention to scientific self-care, such as cold protection and warmth measures, while receiving clinical professional and regular treatment.

regret! How does a 26-year-old man with high uric acid approach uremia

Uremic disease is not without warning, and often these warnings are ignored. Young people always think that the disease is far away from them. Sometimes they don’t understand the disease like Cai Huangong. Blind self-confidence and ignorance have become the accomplices of the disease. The disease has been prolonged again and again until the last Medicine can be treated. regret! How can a 26-year-old boy with high uric acid go to uremia and share a real case with you. Let’s see what happened to him at 45 years old from high uric acid to uremia? The protagonist Lao Wang is a new patient of mine. He was suddenly diagnosed as “renal failure, uremia” and gout-induced uremia in early 19th. It is a pity and shock to get uremia at the age of 46. In fact, it is still a long process from high uric acid to uremia. During this period, active control and prevention can completely prevent the occurrence of uremia. But Pharaoh, because of ignorance and indifference, paid a heavy price. 26-year-old high uric acid In fact, as early as 2000, he already knew that his uric acid was high on physical examination. Because it is not painful and itchy, and work often socialize outside, I haven’t taken it seriously, and I have been in peace for five years. In 2005 it was his first gout attack. He told me that at that time, it was really painful to jump off the building. Fortunately, the doctor used the painkiller to save him. It is a pity that the 41-year-old nephropathy, he did not pay attention after the first gout, still go out to eat and drink from time to time. The difference is that when you feel gouty after you entertain, you take painkillers. that’s it. The painkillers have gradually increased from one box per year to 4-5 boxes per year, and more than 10 boxes have been eaten in the most recent year. The hands and toes are covered with gout stones, and the kidney function was damaged 5 years ago. At that time, he did not have discomfort symptoms such as edema, oliguria, and fatigue. He could eat energy and sleep. So I didn’t care too much, so I didn’t go to the clinic again. At the age of 46, he suddenly fainted at the beginning of the year and was taken to our hospital. At that time, he was diagnosed with uremia. Blood creatinine 425, uric acid 720, and hemoglobin only 10 grams, really come later, if you come later, it may be dead. Lao Wang is a typical uremia caused by delayed treatment of gout. If you stop drinking when you know you have high uric acid + control your diet, you can control it well even if you do not take medicine. But he didn’t pay attention, and it became gout. After gout, if he no longer goes out for entertainment, but instead rationally reduces uric acid and does not take painkillers, he will not have kidney disease so quickly. Pharaoh, he is ignorant of the disease, ignorant enough to confuse uric acid lowering with painkillers. The harm of the painkillers to the kidneys, coupled with the long-term high uric acid damage to the kidneys, double-strike has accelerated the progress of kidney disease. Even if he knew to have kidney disease 4 years ago and then went to the clinic in time, he would not develop into uremia in such a short time. He was wrong: the disease that has been dragging on and on, and on and on, and escalating has not awakened Pharaoh. Indifferent. He always thought it would be fine if it didn’t hurt, it didn’t go to the doctor, it didn’t understand the disease knowledge, he was drinking and eating meat arbitrarily, and eventually he fell ill completely. This is what he paid for his ignorance. cost. Hope that through the experience of Pharaoh, wake up those patients with high uric acid or gout who have the same situation and thoughts as Pharaoh: be sure to treat it as soon as possible, without delay, because the sooner the treatment, the better the effect, no matter where you are At any stage of the disease, formal and systematic treatment is necessary as soon as possible. At present, high uric acid in China is spreading as fast as diabetes, hypertension, high blood fat, and obesity, showing a phenomenon of blowout. At least 160 million patients with high uric acid in the country have been called the fourth highest, but the status quo in full swing with this disease is completely What is different is the ignorant and indifferent attitude of people towards this disease.

Which hospital is good for anorectal in Changsha? What is anal pain?

  Changsha, which hospital is good for anorectal? What is anal pain? With the development of the times, people’s diets have also become diversified. Many people especially like cold and spicy foods, which also leads to the occurrence of gastrointestinal diseases. The more common disease is anal pain, which has seriously affected People’s lives and work, so what about anal pain? One of the causes of anal pain: Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids are a common cause of anal pain. This disease is also a type of varicose veins. It is caused by the congestion of the mucosa of the lower rectum and the venous plexus under the skin of the anal canal. The veins form hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are very stubborn and often recur frequently, so you must pay attention to your usual diet, eat spicy and stimulating food, and avoid cold. If you find symptoms of hemorrhoids, you must go to the hospital for timely treatment. The second reason for anal pain: Anal fissure Anal fissure is actually a lesion at the bottom exit of the human digestive tract, and then the tissue surface splits to form a small ulcer. This disease is very painful. Anal fissure can be a disease Choose external medicine for treatment, at the same time pay attention to diet, keep the stool smooth, so as not to cause anal fissure again, the usual diet is best to take some liquid food, eat less greasy and fatty foods, eat more vegetables and fruits, which is conducive to The smooth discharge of stool, to avoid the anal fissure caused by dry stool again. Three causes of anal pain: Anal fistula Anal fistula is actually the abbreviation of hemorrhoid fistula. This disease is the rupture of the abscess around the anus and rectum. Some people have to take incision drainage for surgery. The incision drainage is likely to cause anal fistula. The disease needs surgical treatment, and the consequences of this disease are very serious, so if there is an anal fistula, you must go to the hospital for inspection and treatment in time to avoid missing the treatment opportunity.

Bleeding teeth, bleeding from eating, what is the reason for this situation?

Is it easy to bleed when brushing your teeth is gingivitis? What are the hazards of gingivitis? Do you also have such problems? Not only does this condition occur when brushing your teeth sooner or later, you can usually see obvious gum bleeding when you eat apples or other things. For this situation, let me tell you the reasons for this situation. First, when you brush your teeth with normal force, healthy gums will not bleed. However, when plaque or calculus accumulates around the teeth, inflammation stimulates the gingival tissue around the teeth, dilates the capillaries in the gums, and the blood flow becomes larger.Inflammation occurs in the gingival epithelium that contacts the surface of the tooth. Ulcers become thinner and less protective. At this time, normal brushing and chewing can cause capillary rupture and bleeding in the gums. In this case, you should seek medical treatment immediately at the Department of Periodontology, Stomatological Hospital. In addition to gingivitis, bleeding from brushing may also be caused by other factors: such as malnutrition, vitamin C deficiency. Too much brushing, improper brushing, improper use of toothpicks, various blood system diseases, such as hemophilia, leukemia, etc. Systemic diseases, such as thyroid dysfunction, liver cirrhosis, cancer, hypersplenism, diabetes, late nephritis, etc., can also cause gum bleeding. In addition to affecting the appearance of the patient’s gums and causing discomfort to the patient, gingivitis also significantly increases the risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease. If gingivitis cannot be detected and treated early, it can progress to periodontitis due to the continued existence of bacteria. These bacteria can enter the bloodstream and induce the formation of thrombosis. It can also cause damage to the vascular intima and increase the risk of stroke. At the same time, bacteria will directly invade the blood, which may be related to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. The study also found that in patients with diabetes, severe gum disease may accelerate death and promote heart and kidney vascular damage. In case of problems, you should go to the regular professional stomatological hospital for treatment in a timely manner to avoid unnecessary trouble caused by the prolonged delay leading to the aggravation of the condition.

Treatment of secondary epilepsy

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Which method should be used to treat secondary epilepsy? Epilepsy is a clinically very complex disease. This disease can be divided into primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy. The harm caused by epilepsy is very serious, which will cause great harm to our health and life. Therefore, we must actively treat this disease. Only in this way can we restore our health as soon as possible. body. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. So which method should be used for the treatment of secondary epilepsy? There are many latest treatments for primary epilepsy. Here are a few for you: 1. Diet therapy: diet therapy for adults Epilepsy mainly refers to ketogenic diet therapy. This epilepsy treatment method is to treat epilepsy by choosing a dietary formula with a high proportion of fat and a low proportion of protein and carbohydrates, so that the body can produce ketone bodies to simulate the body’s response to hunger. Which method should be used to treat secondary epilepsy? For epilepsy that is difficult to control by drugs, trial ketogenic diet therapy can be considered. Family members must be strictly in a qualified epilepsy hospital and strictly implement a diet plan to treat epilepsy. Because it requires certain technical monitoring and has certain risks, patients and their families should not implement them without authorization.   2. Surgical treatment: Surgery for the treatment of adult epilepsy is to safely remove the brain tissue that causes adult seizures. After the epileptic area is removed, no postoperative seizures can be achieved. The prerequisite for successful operation is the determination of the epileptic area, which requires a very professional evaluation team and neurosurgery team to work together to complete. At the same time, the risk of surgical treatment of epilepsy is high, and it is generally not recommended.   3. Drug treatment: Which method should be used to treat secondary epilepsy? Drug treatment of epilepsy is the most basic treatment method, and it is also the most common way of treating epilepsy in clinic. Most patients can be effectively controlled by medication. Moreover, the advent of many first-line antiepileptic drugs has increased clinicians’ choice of drugs.   4. Etiology treatment: For the treatment of epilepsy, the cause of epilepsy should be treated first. If the epilepsy is caused by meningitis, anti-inflammatory treatment should be performed first. For example, epilepsy caused by brain parasites must be treated with pioneer insects. There are also brain tumors that cause epilepsy, and surgery must be performed to remove the tumor. The question about which method to use for the treatment of secondary epilepsy is explained here. I hope to help you. As a disease that will cause us to suffer great harm every time, we must not ignore it The harm of this disease, when we find the symptoms of epilepsy, we should choose the right method to treat it as soon as possible. Only in this way can our condition be controlled in time and let us get rid of the damage of the disease as soon as possible.

What is the newer treatment for sudden epilepsy?

Patients should not panic in the face of sudden epilepsy. There are many treatments for sudden epilepsy, and the disease can be effectively cured. The treatment of epilepsy must not be blind or eager to achieve success. It must be done step by step and scientifically. The process of treating epilepsy is a long and patient matter, but as long as you persist, you will be able to effectively control your condition. .  Epileptic epilepsy should be treated as soon as possible. Treatment is very important for patients. Patients must understand the common sense of the disease and make good detailed diagnostic tests. Only in this way can the patient be helped with treatment. The treatment plan is not to be selected by the patient, but must be determined according to the patient’s body and condition. In life, patients definitely want to be treated by a simple and fast method. This method is basically a drug treatment that people basically understand. This treatment has a better effect, but it has a certain harm to the patient, so Consider carefully. What is the newer treatment method for sudden epilepsy? If the patient chooses this treatment, the treatment method must be given according to the doctor’s requirements. Generally speaking, it is based on time and quantity. There is also the need to regularly go to the hospital where the patient is seeking treatment to avoid accidental harm to the patient by the drug.

Which diseases are most inherited? The doctor said: When parents have these 5 diseases, they are easy to involve children

I still remember the first exposure to the concept of “genetics” in the biology class of junior high school. The chromosome is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid and protein, and the genetic information of the human body is mainly stored in the chromosome. Genetic factors determine the body’s morphological characteristics, metabolic characteristics, immune status and development process. Modern medical research shows that genetic factors play a very important role in the occurrence and development of many diseases, and even play a decisive role. So far we have discovered about 4000 kinds of genetic diseases, but in summary, the following types of diseases are most easily inherited to the next generation. The disease most easily inherited to the next generation 1. Thalassemia Thalassemia is a typical single gene genetic disease caused by globin gene mutation or deletion caused by globin gene mutation, depending on the type of globin gene mutation or deletion, Can be divided into α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia, is the most common and most harmful genetic disease in southern China. Therefore, in order to guarantee eugenics and eugenics, Chinese women need to be screened for thalassaemia during pregnancy. 2. Hemophilia Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder of coagulation dysfunction. Its onset is due to a mutation in the gene encoding the coagulation factor leading to a reduction in the synthesis of the corresponding coagulation factor or loss of function in the plasma. This disease is mainly inherited recessively through the X chromosome, because males have only one X chromosome, so the incidence of males is higher than that of females. 3. Red-green blindness Red-green blindness is a common recessive genetic disease with X chromosome abnormalities. Some studies have found that its pathogenesis is due to the linkage exchange of homologous red and green opsin genes during meiosis, resulting in an imbalance in the opsin genome on the X chromosome. 4. Broad bean disease Broad bean disease, also known as glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, is an X-linked dominant genetic disease. Because its pathogenic gene is located on the X chromosome, the incidence of males is more than females, and the ratio of males to females About 7~9:1. 5. Allergies or asthma Allergic diseases and asthma have obvious genetic factors, which are mainly related to congenital DNA methylation abnormalities, histone modification disorders and abnormal expression of mRNA, which affects participation Immune-mediated transcriptional activity of related genes leads to overexpression of inflammatory cytokines and excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix. In addition to the above diseases, malignant tumors, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity all have genetic susceptibility, so if there are relatives in the family who have these diseases, then the younger generations need to pay attention to regular review, and physical examinations need to pay attention to relevant indicators, Screening for related diseases when necessary, so that genetic diseases can be prevented to the greatest extent. References: Zhang Hanwen, Zhu Baosheng. Treatment progress and prevention of thalassemia[J]. Chinese Maternal and Child Health Care, 2016, 31 (3): 666-668 Xu Fan. Current status of genetic red and green blind pathogenesis and gene therapy research[J] .Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology, 2018, 36 (7): 549-552. (Part of the picture source network in the article, the copyright belongs to the original author, thank you for the picture author, if you find any violation of your copyright, please Contact me and I will delete.)

The back pain is thought to be strained, and after 5 days of massage, shock at the massage shop! Go to the hospital to diagnose heart disease

I was not idle on the weekend. After receiving the emergency notice, I immediately started the catheterization room and waited for the patients with myocardial infarction in the operating room. The patient was 47 years old and began to have back pain 5 days ago, thinking that it was a long-term sitting that caused the strain on the cervical or lumbar spine, and went to the massage shop. After 5 consecutive days of massage, I went to the appointment on time today. The patient’s sudden aggravation persisted without relief, sweating all over and darkening in front of his eyes. The massage shop owner immediately dialed 120. After 120 electrocardiograms were done, the acute myocardial infarction was indicated, the blood pressure was 78/56, and we immediately notified us to start the chest pain center. Everything was timely and relatively smooth. After opening the blood vessel, the patient’s condition stabilized and the back pain was relieved, and then returned to the intensive care unit. This patient is relatively lucky. We all know that Mr. Hou Yaowen, the master of Guo Degang, had pain in his back before his death, but he thought that he had been caught in the wind and cold. The apprentices, including Guo Degang, rubbed his back for him and did not take it seriously. The best time for treatment is to cause sudden death due to myocardial infarction. The key to seeing a doctor is to find out that the diseases caused by trauma are relatively clear. The rest of the diseases are not one-to-one. Simply speaking, it is not to say that something uncomfortable must be a disease. If it is so simple, there will be no misdiagnosis. If it is so simple, the hospital doctor will see what is wrong. This is not the case. There are many causes hidden behind many manifestations and symptoms. Only when the cause is found can you know how to treat it. The same as back pain, although all show back pain, sometimes it is a fatal disease, sometimes it is okay, and only on the basis of back pain, combined with the patient’s specific description, specific accompanying symptoms, and various This kind of related examination can finally clarify the specific cause and then know how to relieve. To give a very simple example: the baby crying at home, whether you are breastfeeding or changing diapers, if you don’t care if you take the bottle and feed the baby, the baby may cry all the time, and you can’t help the baby cry. At last the mother saw the reason the baby pulled the diaper. After changing the diaper, the baby fell asleep again. The same is crying, it may be hungry, or it may be pulling, and only know the solution if the cause is found. There are many reasons for back pain: back pain caused by heart disease The most worrying back pain is angina pectoris, which is what the people say is myocardial ischemia. If the back pain is caused by angina pectoris myocardial ischemia, it has several characteristics: 1. It is paroxysmal, one after another, every few minutes, usually within 2-15 minutes; 2. More than activity, fatigue, exercise, go upstairs After the onset or exacerbation; 3. Sudden occurrence, it can be relieved within a few minutes. After the relief, it is the same as a normal person. Because of this, it will cause many people to disagree; 4. If this back pain does not continue to relieve, it must be Immediately see a doctor, there may be myocardial infarction. If the back pain is caused by myocardial ischemia of angina pectoris, you need to see a doctor immediately, and after the diagnosis is confirmed by a cardiovascular doctor, you will be instructed how to relieve it. 1. Temporary relief: If the blood pressure is not low, you can take nitroglycerin. Angina pectoris can be relieved in about 2 minutes. 2. Long-term remission: First, aspirin and statin are needed to control coronary heart disease and cardiovascular stenosis to further aggravate, prevent plaque rupture, prevent thrombosis, and prevent myocardial infarction. Secondly, it is necessary to use drugs that control blood pressure, heart rate, and blood sugar according to specific conditions, or use vasodilator mononitrate, diltiazem to relieve blood pressure spasm, trimetazidine to improve hypoxia, nicordia to relieve angina, etc. Treatment can effectively control back pain caused by myocardial ischemia. 3. For angina pectoris that cannot be controlled by drugs or myocardial infarction where cardiovascular blockage has occurred, the best way is to use stent treatment or bypass treatment, so as to relieve repeated back pain. If Mr. Hou Yaowen knows that the back pain is angina, myocardial ischemia, can you say that he can delay? Certainly not, but no if! Back pain caused by other diseases 1. Cervical spondylosis or lumbar spondylosis The cervical spine has prominent, unstable, degenerative lesions, hyperplasia, tumors, etc., which can cause back pain. Of course, the back caused by this cervical spine Pain, which may also be accompanied by numbness in the limbs, requires further CT or MRI of the neck or waist to confirm the diagnosis. If it is a cervical or lumbar problem, you need to take traction, massage, surgery, etc. according to the specific problem

What diseases are easily inherited by children? Is cardio-cerebrovascular disease a genetic disease? So prevent

Many diseases may have a certain relationship with heredity! Hereditary disease refers to a disease that is wholly or partly determined by genetic factors. It is usually congenital and can also be acquired. Such as congenital stupid type, multi-finger (toe), congenital deaf-mute, hemophilia, etc. These genetic diseases are completely determined by genetic factors, and only after a certain time of birth, the onset of disease, sometimes after several years, more than ten years or even several Ten years later, obvious symptoms will appear. What we often hear about: Congenital deafness, high myopia, thalassemia, red-green blindness, hemophilia, hirsutism of the external auditory canal, bronchial asthma, type I diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, epilepsy, congenital Heart disease, peptic ulcer, varicose veins of lower extremities, glaucoma, kidney stones, spina bifida, anencephaly, cleft lip, cleft palate, deformity, albinism, some tumors, etc. These diseases are all genetic diseases. As a cardiovascular doctor, we still talk about my cardiovascular related diseases. 1. What the hospital sees We can always meet a family in the hospital. When the father or mother has high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, the possibility of children or siblings having these diseases is very high. . I personally met an uncle who had 6 brothers and sisters, 2 of whom had a heart stent, 1 had a heart bypass, 2 had a cerebral infarction, and 1 had a cerebral hemorrhage. All have cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Studies have shown that hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and genetics have a clear relationship. 2. Genetically-related diseases 1. Familial hypercholesterolemia The prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia is 0.18-0.32%. It is an autosomal dominant genetic disease that leads to abnormal metabolism of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. It is manifested by high levels of low-density lipoprotein, and early appearance of senile rings or characteristic xanthomas in multiple parts of the body, and early coronary heart disease. These people under the age of 40 years may have an old ring, or flat yellow tumors may form on the eyelids. There are two types: homozygous and heterozygous. Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia often has the symptoms and signs of coronary heart disease around the age of 10, and the descending aorta, abdominal aorta, thoracic aorta, and pulmonary artery trunk are prone to severe atherosclerosis, heart valves and heart Membrane plaques can also form on the surface of the membrane, and most of them die of cardiovascular disease before the age of 30. Male heterozygotes can suffer from coronary heart disease when they are 30 to 40 years old, and the onset age of female heterozygotes is about 10 years later than that of men. 2. Type 1 diabetes suggests that genetic defects are the basis of type 1 diabetes. This genetic defect is manifested in the abnormality of HLA antigens in the sixth pair of human chromosomes. Research tips: Type 1 diabetes has the characteristics of familial incidence-if your parents have diabetes, then you are more likely to suffer from this disease than people without this family history. Type 1 diabetes often occurs in childhood or adolescence, and the onset is generally more rapid. Symptoms such as thirst, polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, fatigue, and weight loss, and rapid weight loss are very obvious. Some patients have ketoacidosis for the first time. . The third characteristic of type 1 diabetes is that it will eventually be treated with insulin without exception, so type 1 diabetes was originally called insulin-dependent diabetes. Three, three high and cardiovascular disease and genetic are related 1. Hypertension and hypertension are polygenic inherited diseases, parents have hypertension, and the probability of their children suffering from hypertension in the future is as high as 45%; one parent suffers from hypertension The probability of children suffering from high blood pressure is 28%, while the probability of children with normal blood pressure of parents is only 3%. 2. People with diabetes and a family history of diabetes have a significantly higher prevalence of diabetes than those with a negative family history. The parents have diabetes, and their children are 15 to 20 times more likely to have diabetes. 3. Hyperlipidemia has found that a considerable number of patients with dyslipidemia have one or more genetic defects. Abnormal blood lipids caused by genetic defects are mostly family-clustered and have a marked genetic tendency. 4. Cardio-cerebrovascular disease The basis of cardio-cerebrovascular disease is atherosclerosis. The latest “Practical Cardiology” writes that atherosclerosis has a family inheritance and is an independent risk factor. Modern medical research proves that, except for injuries, almost all diseases are related to genes. Different human genotypes have different sensitivities to environmental factors. Sensitive genotypes can cause diseases under the influence of environmental factors. 4. Genetic genes cannot be changed, but they must still be prevented. Prevention is effective and it is necessary that some people say that human gene recombination is not over

What is the harm of vitiligo

  When people suffer from vitiligo, many patients with vitiligo will become more sensitive to the outside world, especially ultraviolet rays, which will greatly increase the possibility of skin cancer in patients with vitiligo. The etiology of vitiligo is very complicated and very harmful to the body, but many people do not understand it, and they have not paid enough attention to the harm of vitiligo, which has aggravated the treatment of vitiligo. Also caused a lot of trouble for myself. Let us look at the harm of vitiligo.  1. Influencing normal life  Each patient with vitiligo has different pathogenic factors, so there will be many patients with vitiligo who do not understand the disease and do not know how to treat it. Therefore, vitiligo will have a great impact on the normal life of patients, and patients with vitiligo will also be discriminated by many people, which will prevent patients with vitiligo from living a normal life. 2. Induced complications If vitiligo is not treated in time or the treatment method is incorrect, it will bring a series of complications, such as: cataracts, pernicious anemia, bronchial diseases, etc. Severe may also cause malignant tumors, which will make vitiligo patients Health is greatly threatened, so it is necessary to go to a regular hospital in time.  3. Endangering the mental health of patients  Even if the vitiligo disease is cured, it may happen repeatedly. Therefore, there will be many patients with vitiligo who lose confidence and patience during treatment, become anxious, depressed and other negative emotions, which will make the condition worsen sharply, make the vitiligo patients suffer huge psychological pressure, and may also have psychological or communication barriers. Therefore, patients with vitiligo must adjust their mentality in order to better treat vitiligo disease.  Fourth, affect the marriage and love of patients  Now, many people think that vitiligo disease will be transmitted or inherited, so many people do not want to marry and have children with patients with vitiligo, and even discriminate or ignore patients with vitiligo. But in fact, vitiligo disease is not contagious, not everyone with vitiligo will inherit it to the next generation.   Therefore, when you find that you have symptoms of vitiligo disease, you must go to the hospital in time and be sure that the vitiligo disease can be cured and face the vitiligo disease with a good attitude. When treating vitiligo disease, you must pay attention to eating habits and learn to adapt to science to restore vitiligo condition as soon as possible!

Men who sleep naked in summer are easy to cause reproductive infections

The summer weather is hot, and male friends should pay attention to life hygiene to avoid reproductive infections. Men’s naked sleep in summer is an important factor leading to reproductive infections. So, what should men pay attention to when sleeping naked in summer?  The pace of life of modern people is fast, and daily sleep has become an important link to restore physical fitness and ensure health. After a busy day, undressing and sleeping is conducive to the circulation of qi and blood, so that the body’s yang can be stretched smoothly. If sleeping with clothes, especially wearing some fashionable tight underwear, it may affect the circulation of qi and blood, so that the yang is suppressed , Not even more beneficial to the function. So many people choose to sleep naked. So, what are the precautions for sleeping naked in summer? What should I pay attention to when sleeping naked in summer? 1. Don’t sleep naked in group life. Due to the particularity of the adult population, there is no guarantee that someone in the group life will have XING disease, infection, etc., don’t think that you have a good relationship or conditions, and you can sleep naked. The consequences may be You have no chance of taking regret medicine.   2. Don’t sleep naked when children are sharing the same room.    No matter how much attention is paid to the child’s preschool education, it can’t be more than the induction of bad phenomena; parents, be careful. 3. Wash the vulva and anus before going to bed and take a shower. No matter men or women, the hygiene of the private parts is basic. If you don’t pay attention, you will leave today’s germs on the bed, and tomorrow you will have an intruder when you sleep naked. ; If you don’t pay attention to cleaning tomorrow, tomorrow’s germs will accumulate on the bed, and day after day, your reproductive system’s defenses will eventually become irresistible. 4. For couples who live more frequently, it is necessary to change the bedding frequently. For whatever reason, the bedding after a couple’s life is unclean. Of course, it does not need to be changed once. For couples who sweat a lot in summer, if they love naked When you sleep, you have to change your bedding. Men are prone to reproductive infections in summer  In the hot summer days, urogenital infections make many men suffer “inflammation”. According to statistics, more than half of men over the age of 30 have suffered from recurrent urogenital infections. The structure of the male reproductive system is complex, and urogenital infections are caused by a wide range of ways.  Male urogenital infections mainly include prostatitis, urethritis, cystitis, foreskinitis, balanitis, seminal vesiculitis, orchitis, epididymitis, scrotal eczema, scrotal dampness, and other urinary system diseases. Urinary and genital infection diseases mostly manifest as frequent urination, urgency, dysuria, endless urination, urinary drip, frequent nocturia, and urinary tract swelling embolism, which seriously disrupts the normal life of male patients.  Urinary and genital infection diseases are characterized by high incidence, long recovery period, wide age range of patients, and great harm to male reproductive system, and have become one of the main diseases that endanger male health. If not treated in time, it is easy to relapse. The main hazards are: improper treatment of inflammation, resulting in cross-infection between husband and wife; at the same time it will cause men to have azoospermia, oligozoospermia, low sperm motility and high deformity rate, induce infertility; cause male physiological dysfunction, Symptoms such as pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, and poor physiological function appear. In addition, genitourinary infection will also reduce the body’s immunity, increase the patient’s mental stress, induce other diseases, cause harm to men’s physical and mental health, and even affect the harmony of the couple and family stability.

What is the cause of backache after sex?

What happens to men who have back pain after sex? Maybe some men think they have excessive sex life, and some men think that back pain is a kidney deficiency problem. What is the truth? 1. Was there a diseased sex life? It belongs to manual labor. If the male has problems with the waist, such as lumbar disc herniation, lumbar spine sprain, and lumbar soft tissue disease, etc., after intense sexual life, the waist injury will increase and cause pain problems. 2. Sexual life is too frequent and frequent sex life, waist activities require greater consumption, causing lumbar muscle strain, resulting in sore muscles in the waist. Therefore, weak men still recommend more exercise, more nutrition, and sex must be moderate. 3. Interruption of sexual life In order to delay the sexual life, many men will suddenly interrupt their sexual life, but this practice will cause the congestion of the sexual organs and pelvis to not quickly resolve, and the cerebral cortex and spinal cord are still in a state of tension for a long time. The tadpoles haven’t been excreted yet. Combining these factors can cause low back pain over time. 4. Urinary system diseases Men’s urinary system is actually more prone to infections, such as urethritis, cystitis, etc., which will affect the pelvic organs deep in the prostate and cause back pain. Low back pain after sex will cause many problems for men and seriously affect the relationship between husband and wife. Therefore, if you find low back pain, you must not ignore it. Do preventive work in daily life. 1. Reasonably arrange the frequency of sexual life. Sexual life should be within our capacity. It must be planned every month, not too frequently. If the pain in the waist is more serious, it is necessary to stop sexual life for cultivation. 2. Pay attention to waist warming, usually pay attention to waist problems, do a good job of keeping warm, and do not let the air conditioner blow the waist for a long time in summer. 3. Daily exercise can’t fall. You can usually participate in some exercises to improve waist muscles and improve blood circulation, such as jogging, yoga, etc., to strengthen the waist ability. 4. Reduce prolonged standing or sitting for a long time, weakening the stretching ability of the waist tendons and ligaments, resulting in the accumulation of local lactic acid, affecting the normal metabolism of the waist muscles, which will cause the problem of low back pain. Therefore, you can go out for free in daily life and work to relieve the fatigue of your body.

What are the symptoms of varicocele infertility?

  Because the symptoms of varicocele are not obvious, many male friends cannot find the disease early. Therefore, many male friends begin to pay attention to the symptoms of varicocele. So, what are the symptoms of varicocele infertility?   What are the symptoms of varicocele infertility? Generally speaking, after suffering from varicocele disease, inflammation is accompanied by long-term genital organs. Inflammation can cause pain in the lower abdomen, swollen testicles, etc.   Abnormal sperm: Many sperm abnormalities are caused by varicocele disease. When men suffer from this disease, inflammation will spread to the testes, making men suffer from oligospermia and azoospermia.   Emotional abnormalities: Males also have greater emotional fluctuations under the influence of the disease, and there is a restless mentality every day, which can also lead to psychological disorders over time. It can be seen that the harm of varicocele is very great.  Male infertility: Although varicocele does not directly cause infertility, it will affect the quality of sperm. In the case of abnormal sperm quality, males will not be able to have normal births, which will eventually cause male infertility.  Reminder: The above are the symptoms of varicocele explained to you. It is recommended that you should go to a regular hospital for examination and professional treatment in time to prevent delays in treatment and make the condition worse.

Early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

Early symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis joint pain: This kind of bin disease mainly affects the hands, wrists and feet of patients, so patients with long-term illness will suffer severe pain and torture, resulting in patients unable to work normally , This disease will also show the characteristics of chronic attacks, so it is recommended that patients should be actively treated early in the disease!    joint stiffness or even disability: the patient will have obvious bone and skeletal muscle atrophy in the middle and late stages of the disease. After this situation occurs, the joints and bones will start to deform and slowly lose their physiological function. At this time, the treatment is very difficult!    triggers complications and the patient cannot move normally: if rheumatoid arthritis continues to deteriorate If it does, it may also cause syndromes such as serous membranes, heart, lungs and eyes and other connective tissues, such as extensive inflammatory diseases. At this time, patients need medical treatment and physical therapy!

What diseases are men most susceptible to in summer

Which male diseases are most likely to be affected in summer ① Prostatitis Summer is the high season of male prostate disease. When the temperature fluctuates irregularly, male friends do not pay attention to the cold protection and warmth of the lower body, causing the prostate to get cold, and it is easy to cause pain in the lower abdomen or lower body. These are often the culprits of prostatitis. ② Reproductive infections The weather is unstable in summer, the temperature is unstable, and a little carelessness of the genitals is easy to breed bacteria, which leads to male genital infections. Foreskin balanitis and urethritis are the most common. Although these two diseases are not serious, they are given to men. Brings a lot of troubles, which not only affects the normal life of men. If not treated in time, it will also lead to male diseases such as prostate disease and male infertility. ③ Sexual dysfunction A perfect sex life can reflect the charm of men and make them more confident, but many men are often troubled by sexual dysfunction. The appearance of impotence and premature ejaculation are the fuse of many family marriages. Therefore, for their own sake For the sake of health and family happiness, when suffering from impotence and premature ejaculation, you should establish a correct attitude to seek medical treatment, and go to regular hospitals for appropriate examinations and targeted treatment in a timely manner. ④The temperature in the foreskin is getting hotter in summer, which is the best time for foreskin surgery, and the human activity and sweating are relatively stable. Therefore, foreskin surgery in summer can promote wound healing and avoid the possibility of wound rupture and infection. Summer is just right Foreskin surgery is a good time. Don’t miss this best time when male friends have too long foreskin and phimosis.