Is it necessary for psychological consultation for children with epilepsy?

&nbsp.&nbsp.Q: Is it necessary for psychological consultation for children with epilepsy? &nbsp.&nbsp. Psychological consultation will undoubtedly help children with epilepsy. If conditions are right, you can try. The vast majority of children with epilepsy do not need very formal psychological counseling, but all children need to know what the disease is and how to face it. &nbsp.&nbsp. Reasonable psychological consultation is an important guarantee for children to maintain healthy psychology. In daily life, parents, siblings, grandparents, and school teachers often deal with children, but these people usually do not ask the following questions: “How do you feel after having epilepsy?” “How do you yourself What do you think of your friends’ reaction to your illness?” “Did you understand the doctor’s words?” “What are you most worried about?” &nbsp. Especially when parents and others are still confused about the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy, the children will undoubtedly be more confused about the disease. In addition, due to historical reasons and people’s wrong understanding of epilepsy, the response of the entire society to epilepsy often makes the patients very painful. Therefore, consultation can be at least partially resolved through reasonable psychological consultation. &nbsp.&nbsp. Our health is very precious, if we find that we are uncomfortable, it is best to go to the hospital to check.

The 10-year-old child ran away from home more than ten times, just because his parents did this every day, making it unbearable

&nbsp. Some time ago, a scene occurred on the Tianbao Station of Nanjing Metro: a 10-year-old boy wandered in the hall for a long time. The police stepped forward and learned that the boy was Lele and claimed to have run away from home more than 10 times. After the police contacted the child’s family, the child’s father rushed over. After learning about the reason for the son’s departure, he felt ashamed and promised to correct the problem in the future. It turned out that he felt that his parents were playing mobile phones every day and had no time to care for him, so he wanted to use this way of running away from home to attract the attention of his parents. In fact, there are still many such parents, which has almost become a common phenomenon in society. Many people can go out with nothing, but they can’t just take their phones. Some netizens ridiculed: Probably the mobile phone is biological! The farthest distance in the world is that I am by your side, but you are playing with your mobile phone. People’s dependence on mobile phones has reached a certain level, and when this dependence occurs on parents, it is undoubtedly a disaster for their children! Among the new generation of young parents, because they frequently play mobile phones and ignore the existence of children, and gradually reduce the phenomenon of communicating with children, it is gradually becoming a major problem in parent-child education. According to survey data, 17% of parents often use mobile phones when they are with their children, and more than 50% of parents have used mobile phones in the process of accompanying their children. In other words, nearly 70% of parents play mobile phones while accompanying their children. How much influence will parents play on their mobile phones when they are accompanying their children? 1. Influencing the parent-child relationship Imagine that if you play with your mobile phone and accompany your child, will it be easy to get lost? Therefore, it is easy to ignore the child’s demands, not hear the child’s call, not see the child’s helplessness, and only have the mobile phone in mind, only the game. This result will not only make the child feel frustrated, but also for the child, the mind will have a thought: Mom and Dad love mobile phones more, mobile phones are more important than me. Second, a bad example for the children all said that parents are the best teachers of the children. Parents play with their children while playing mobile phones and watching computers. In addition to feeling cold, the children’s favorite thing is to imitate adults and what adults do. They just do what they want. No wonder adults are addicted to mobile phones. After a long time, when the parents react and want to educate and accompany their children, the children may already be addicted to the mobile phone, and the parents in turn will be distressed about the children’s playing mobile phones. 3. Affect the mental health of children. Children’s hearts are extremely sensitive and fragile. Object relationship psychology says that even babies can already maintain a very sensitive perception of the mental activities and emotions of the caregivers. They can pass through The caregiver’s expression, sound, and body movements can be used to perceive the internal state of the caregiver. For children, parental neglect will make the children feel that they are not good enough, not worthy of attention, and have an inferiority complex. In the long run, children are prone to lonely personalities, unwilling to communicate with others, and they will become indifferent in a subtle way. Psychology can’t develop healthily and evolve into a family “cold violence”. We always think that children are still young and spend a lot of time with them, and I want to support my family, I want to socialize, I want to be promoted to raise salary, etc. Things are more important, the result? The child is growing up every day. When you look back one day, the child has ignored you, and they are used to being without parents. Looking back, how important are these important things? One less WeChat response, one friend circle late, another call a few minutes later, one less game, are these things really more important than children? The farthest distance in the world is not that the child grows away from you, but the child looks at you, but you are looking at the mobile phone. Many parents will complain about the lack of time because of their busy work. No amount of gifts and money can replace companionship. Companionship is the best family education. For the physical and mental health of your child, please put down your phone and your child will feel your love. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward a lot of messages, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, has nothing to do with my employer. If my science content is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.

What are the benefits of psychological counseling for patients?

&nbsp.&nbsp.Q: What are the benefits of psychological counseling for patients? &nbsp.&nbsp. In many cases, people’s attention to patients often exists in blind spots, even for parents. For example, parents may be more concerned about questions such as “What medicine should I take every day?” “Does the entire medicine have side effects?”, while fewer parents often care about the child’s true feelings and communicate with them. &nbsp. Successful psychological counseling helps people better understand what epilepsy means to children, including both the physical effects of epilepsy and the psychological and social effects often overlooked by people. &nbsp.&nbsp. More importantly, the core role of psychological counseling is to help patients and the whole family to face the challenges of epilepsy. Here are some examples: Some children have misunderstood epilepsy from the beginning, for example, fear that they will die or be seriously injured during the seizure. They often hide this worry in their hearts, and do not talk to their parents or doctors. Excessive fear, shyness, overprotection by parents, and ignorance of speaking methods are common reasons for children not to talk. &nbsp.&nbsp. In addition, the inferiority complex of children is also a problem often overlooked by people. Sometimes parents and teachers still feel that the children “look good”, but in fact the children are full of inferiority and lack of security. Out of the protection of parents and self-image, children often hide this feeling in their hearts or show it as over compensation. &nbsp. If the above two conditions are not corrected for a long time, it will inevitably cause huge psychological pressure on children, which is obviously not conducive to the control of epilepsy. Through psychological counseling, we can discover these blind spots, help children to correctly face various pressures from family, school and society, and ensure the development of mental health.

What is pediatric allergic purpura

Henoch-Schonlein purpura is one of the most common vasculitis in childhood. It was described by Xu Lan’s and Heng’s pressure in the 1830s and 1970s, so it is also known as Xu Lan-Heng Nuo’s vasculitis. The disease is the most common capillary allergic disease, based on a wide range of small blood vessel inflammation as the pathological basis, skin purpura, gastrointestinal mucosal bleeding, joint swelling and nephritis as its main clinical manifestations. Older children, especially school-age children, are more ill, with a minimum age of 3 months. The incidence is more in winter and spring and less in summer. Causes of various allergenic factors, including infections (bacteria, viruses, especially Coxsackie B virus, parasites, etc.), food (milk, eggs, fish, shrimp, etc.), drugs (antibiotics, sulfonamides, antipyretic and analgesic Agents, sedative drugs, etc.), pollen, insect bites, vaccination, etc. make allergic reactions of the body with sensitive qualities, produce self-antigens, and then produce the corresponding antibodies, forming antigen-antibody complexes, calming the small blood vessel walls of the body, Causes pathological changes mainly caused by vasculitis. Therefore, the disease is an autoimmune disease.  2Clinical manifestations  The onset can be acute or slow, and most of them are acute. Most children have a history of upper respiratory tract infection 1 to 3 weeks before the onset. There may be irregular hypothermia, fatigue, headaches and other non-specific manifestations.   1. Skin symptoms    The rash is the main manifestation of the disease, which is more common in the lower extremities and dense around the ankle joints. Secondly, it can occur on the buttocks and upper extremities, and the trunk is rare. The shape and color of the rash may vary. At first it was small urticaria or pink maculopapular rash, which faded. Then the color deepens and erythema forms. Spotted bleeding occurs in the center of the erythema, and the color changes from pink to dark purple, which is purpura. Purpura can be fused into tablets. Finally, the color turned brown and faded, leaving no trace. In addition, there are erythema multiforme and erythema nodosum. Angioedema can be seen in the head, eyelids, lips, hands, feet, kidneys, and perineum. Sometimes the swelling can be tender.   2. Digestive tract symptoms    are relatively common and can be seen in two-thirds of children, clinically known as abdominal type. Abdominal pain is the most common, mostly severe colic, which occurs around the umbilical cord and can also be found in other parts. Three quarters of children may have tenderness. There may also be vomiting. Then bloody stools can be seen, and severe cases are bloody stools. Hematemesis is rare. It is often easy to misdiagnose as acute diarrhea, especially before the rash appears, and there are not many people who undergo laparotomy for this reason. A small number of patients may be complicated by intussusception, occasionally intestinal obstruction, perforation, and hemorrhagic necrotizing enteritis.  3. Joint symptoms  About half of the children may have multiple arthralgia or arthritis, which are more common in the lower limbs. Swelling and pain are more pronounced in those with rashes around the joint. Clinically referred to as “articular type”. The fluid in the joint cavity is mostly serous. Joint symptoms usually disappear within a few days, leaving no deformation.   4. Kidney symptoms    About one-third of children have nephritis. The younger they are, the more they develop. It can be gross hematuria or microscopic hematuria. It usually occurs 2 to 4 weeks after purpura, and can also appear after the rash subsides or the disease is still. Clinically known as “kidney type”. The severity of the disease varies, and most of them are severe. In severe cases, renal dysfunction, azotemia, and hypertensive encephalopathy can occur. In a few cases, hematuria, proteinuria, or hypertension may last more than 2 years.   5. Other    mixed cases may have central nervous system symptoms, such as coma, optic neuritis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, Guillain-Barre syndrome, individual limb convulsions. 75% of the children had abnormal EEG, and the EEG returned to normal within 6-20 months. Severe cases can cause temporary abnormalities in electrocardiogram due to myocardial hypoxia and ischemia. Occasional reports of acute pancreatitis, orchitis, and pulmonary hemorrhage.  3 Examination  There is no specific laboratory test for this disease. Anemia can be shown when the amount of bleeding is large. Leukocytes are moderately elevated, eosinophils are normal or elevated, platelets are normal, bleeding time, clotting time, and blood clot contraction are normal. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate increases, C-reactive protein and anti-streptococcal hemolysin may be negative. Pharyngeal culture showed β-hemolytic streptococcus group A. Serum IgA increased slightly. You can understand the condition of kidney, brain and heart by urine test, electroencephalogram and electrocardiogram. The fecal occult blood test was used to monitor gastrointestinal bleeding. Renal tissue biopsy can determine the nature of nephritis lesions, and has guiding significance for treatment and prognosis.  4Diagnosis  Because skin lesions are usually typical, acute abdominal pain, arthralgia and urine changes are also helpful for diagnosis. Allergy developed by the American Rheumatology Association in 1990

Do you know that this skill of life-long income makes children grow more confident and happy?

&nbsp. Baoma Xiaoyou sat with her family in the morning for breakfast. She picked up a hard-boiled egg, patted it gently on the table, and then rolled back and forth with her palm two or three times. The cracked egg shell quickly peeled off. “Why are you peeling an egg in one go and it looks so simple?” asked her husband. “Ah? Is there any technical content in peeling an egg? Don’t tell me you won’t peel!” Xiaoyou here is a black question mark face. Sure enough, she took a closer look, and the old justice just peeled the eggshell a little, slightly hard, and finely. “Hahahahaha! I haven’t found it before! You grow so big that you can’t even peel eggs!” The mother-in-law who had dinner together couldn’t help but laugh as the daughter-in-law burst out of “relentless” laughter: “I used to dismiss him as a young man, and he couldn’t do any housework well, so everything was arranged, but now I can’t even peel an egg! In the future, my little grandson should do it by himself, but he can’t learn his father. In this way, the self-care ability is so poor!” Xiaoyou nodded as soon as the chick pecked at the rice, and it was rare that the two mother-in-laws reached an agreement. Speaking of cultivating children’s ability to take care of themselves, the simplest and most effective way is to start with housework. 1. Housework is an integral part of life. I remember that in a certain variety show, a high school student “accused” that he had been encouraged and even asked to take the initiative to do housework for a long time. As a result, his mother’s seat responded to the instant strength circle fan: “Housework is It is an integral part of real life, and it is also an integral part of your life.”-This mother sees it clearly: education and life are incomplete from life, and life is education. This mother also reminded me of a widely circulated story: there is a little girl Ah Hua in Fukuoka, Japan. When she was 4 years old, her mother Qian Hui began to teach her cooking, not only cooking, as long as Ah Hua could do it, Mom let Ahua come by herself. The mother who could die at any time said that “study can be placed second, as long as you are healthy and able to support yourself, you can live no matter where you go in the future.” Many people may have read this story. In the later days, Xiaohua did not have her mother’s company and protection, but her mother’s love continued by immersing herself in life. Mother’s education of Ahua not only allowed Ahua to learn to take care of herself without starving, Since A Hua had been optimistic and cheerful since childhood, she has the courage to face life and feel the character of life. This subtle power is incalculable. Second, doing housework is in line with the child’s growth law. Physiologically speaking, doing housework is in accordance with the child’s own development law to complete the skills necessary for the corresponding age group. By letting the child complete the housework of the corresponding stage and promoting his psychological and physical growth at this stage, they have an inseparable relationship with the development of their motor skills, cognitive abilities and the cultivation of responsibility. Children will grow up one day, and all we do is to hope that they will become independent individuals who can take responsibility. Rather than doing it all in one hand, we need to learn to let go, recognize and believe that the child has the ability to cope, and give them the best help and encouragement. 3. Do housework, cultivate children’s independence and sense of responsibility. Psychology believes that doing what he can do for a child will make the child very discouraged and will deprive the child of the opportunity to experience their abilities. Children cannot understand whether they have the ability to face problems and solve problems, nor can they develop a sense of security from ability growth. Over time, children will become helpless, dependent, and incapable. Elizabeth Pantry, an American childcare expert, once said: “Giving children a housework is one of the best ways for children to build a sense of self-worth and believe in their abilities. Children who are used to taking housework are in the process of becoming adults. It is often easier to adapt to life than children who lack this experience and responsibility”. Doing housework gives children more opportunities to encounter problems, face and solve problems, and affirmation and sense of accomplishment through the completion of housework. At the same time doing housework can also improve the baby’s ability to take care of himself, cultivate his sense of responsibility and family concept, these shining qualities can illuminate the child’s life. After all, life is the best teacher for children. We are now paying more and more attention to children’s education, but neglecting these basic life skills is also one of the most important educations in life. When we are all busy reporting various cram, training, and interest classes to our children, maybe we can stop and think

Xie Bielu’s medical remarks: What do parents care about most if their child has thrombocytopenia?

Children are very common among people with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). For parents of children diagnosed with thrombocytopenia, in addition to worrying about the impact of the disease on their children’s health, it will also consider whether the child’s future growth will be affected. Director Shi Shurong’s WeChat consultation platform: zkxk9999 Here are some questions that parents care about. I will give you a detailed answer: the impact of thrombocytopenia on children’s future life and learning: ITP will not have much impact after standard treatment. However, children with ITP may be more fatigued than normal children, and their quality of life will be affected. Therefore, children may have fewer outdoor activities than other children. Do you need to take drugs that boost immunity: Parents don’t need to give their children drugs that boost immunity. Children only need to live a healthy life and avoid going to places where there are many people and cross infections are likely to occur. Frequent outdoor activities, open windows for ventilation, a reasonable diet, a reasonable mix of vegetables, meat and poultry, a combination of work and rest, to avoid fatigue, then the immune system is at its best. What should parents do to monitor their child’s condition? Parents need to pay attention to whether the child has bleeding conditions, whether the skin bleeding points have increased, whether there is nose bleeding, gum bleeding, etc. If you find that your child has bleeding, you should consult a doctor if possible and go to the hospital in time. What should I do if my child has bleeding spots? Parents still mainly observe the skin and mucous membranes. In general, the most susceptible to bleeding on walking is the lower leg, followed by the part that often exerts force. For example, if you walk normally and walk for 100 meters, the child has more bleeding points than the average person; or when you take a bath and rub the bath with the same intensity, the child has bleeding skin and mucous membranes, but the average person does not. Or in the same environment, other children do not have nosebleeds, and children always have nosebleeds, which requires special attention. If it is found that the child has bleeding tendency, parents should not panic, go to the child in time and let the doctor deal with it. In addition, children’s mental health should also be emphasized. The occurrence of thrombocytopenia not only harms the health of children, but also may cause children to have an inferiority complex in front of children of the same age. Therefore, parents must patiently care and carefully guide their children to actively cooperate with treatment, so that children can get rid of the disease and recover as soon as possible. health. More patient communication help can pay attention to the WeChat public account: Thrombocytopenia Patient Association

Shi Shurong: Allergic purpura: Don’t always stare at the skin to see if the urine routine is normal!

Shi Shurong Studio WeChat xyk261  Many patients with allergic purpura know that they have purpura, they only pay attention to the skin purpura, but they ignore the normal urine routine! Urine routine is one of the three major clinical tests in the clinic. As a fecal examination, urine reflects the body’s metabolic status and is an important indicator for the diagnosis of many diseases. Many kidney lesions can appear in proteinuria or urine sediment early Formed elements appear. Abnormal urine is often a sign of kidney or urinary tract disease. Urine routine examination content includes urine color, transparency, pH, red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, cast, protein, specific gravity and urine sugar.   For patients with allergic purpura, the first symptom of all patients is skin purpura. Allergic purpura is considered to be a skin disease, and it is blind to other symptoms or considered to be other diseases.   But otherwise, allergic purpura is also manifested in joints and abdominal pain, and the most serious is the kidney type. So always pay attention to your urine routine.   30%-60% of children have clinical manifestations of kidney disease, called purpuric nephritis. Mostly appear in the course of 1-8 weeks, and there are also urinary abnormalities before the rash, and very few appear in 3-5 months. Symptoms vary, most of the children present with simple hematuria, proteinuria, individual severely ill children with a lot of proteinuria, edema, azotemia, hypertension or hypertensive encephalopathy, very few died of uremia due to acute renal failure disease. The severity of kidney disease is closely related to the prognosis. About 6% of children progress to chronic nephritis after a few years, and a few die from chronic renal failure.  Severe kidney damage generally can use immunosuppressive agents, such as cyclophosphamide, tripterygium glycosides. But taking it for a long time will be dependent on the drug, and the condition will not improve afterwards. In such a situation, you can use traditional Chinese medicine treatment, cure by disease, cure by person, dialectical treatment, in the auxiliary process of Western medicine, you can achieve the withdrawal process.

Active and passive joint activity training for children with cerebral palsy

We have always emphasized that the rehabilitation of cerebral palsy in children should be carried out as soon as possible. This is because the research found that there are about 14 billion nerve cells in the human brain, but some nerve cells are not used in their entire lives. There are a large number of synapses in the central nervous system. Under normal circumstances, only some synapses are frequently stimulated, the threshold is low, and it is in an activated state that is easy to use. A considerable number of synapses have high thresholds, are difficult to use, and are in a “sleep” state. After repeated stimulation, these synapses and neural circuits will reorganize a network system of nerve cell functional groups. In addition, the brain tissue of some parts of the human body has multiple functional characteristics and many neural circuits. They and the central nervous system participate in activities at the same time. Once the main brain area that undertakes a certain activity is damaged, its function can be replaced by other areas that are not damaged and Compensation. The central nervous system of infants and young children is not yet mature, and the functions of various parts of the brain tissue have not yet been specialized. Generally, the functions of the nervous system will not develop and complete until about 6 years of age. These are the potential foundations for the rehabilitation of brain function. In the early exercise rehabilitation of cerebral palsy in children, training to enhance the range of joint movement and improve muscle tone should be strengthened. Because children with cerebral palsy have dyskinesia and reduced joint activity. Over time, tissue adhesion or tendon spasm occurs, which further reduces the range of joint movement. There are dense ligaments and loose connective tissues around the joints. In the case of joint braking, the ligaments will automatically shorten and lose their elasticity because they are not stretched. The loose connective tissues will become hyperplastic and become dense connective tissues. This can cause contractures. It is much easier and more important to treat contractures clinically than to treat them. In rehabilitation therapy, we must first maintain a good limb position and maintain the normal mobility of joints. This method can be divided into active and passive joint activity training. 1. Stretching method Stretching method is suitable for increased muscle tension and spastic muscles. Avoid those with low tension. Due to the viscoelasticity of fibrous tissue, when the tissue is stretched, the tensile stress gradually increases, extending the tissue. If the length is maintained unchanged, the increased muscle tension in the tissue gradually decreases with time. According to the above characteristics, the stretch of the fibrous tissue should be stretched with a constant medium strength for a long time, or repeated multiple times. In this way, after the traction force is removed, the fibrous tissue does not fully restore its original length, so that a better stretch effect can be obtained. The technique of slow stretching is also called slow pulling method, which has an inhibitory effect on spastic muscles. For those with mild contractures and muscle spasms, continuous, slow, and low-strength stretching may be used. 2. The medical gym therapist prepares the corresponding physical activities according to the specific situation of the child, and guides the child to perform free-hand exercises or exercises with dumbbells and gymnastic sticks. Medical gymnastics helps maintain and enhance the range of joint movement. But the stretch effect on the joints is weak, and it can only relieve the looser adhesions and spasticity early tissues. Corrective and stretch gymnastics are the gymnastic movements designed by the therapist according to the stretched spastic tissues. For example, if you want to stretch the adductor muscles of one side of the thigh, you can make the child stand sideways against the wall, and the stretched leg needs to be close to the wall and separated by a certain distance. The child can hold the handrail on the wall in one hand, or the therapist supports his hips on both sides, and then the child’s body slowly falls to the side of the wall, so that the body’s center of gravity moves to the abductor muscle of the thigh on that side (note the other foot The outer edge cannot leave the ground), and then return to the original state, and practice repeatedly.

What are the characteristics of tremor cerebral palsy?

Tremor-type cerebral palsy is a type of cerebral palsy disease because cerebral palsy is an irreversible permanent damage to the brain. Because there are many factors that cause cerebral palsy, the symptoms of cerebral palsy are diverse. According to the different symptoms of cerebral palsy, the types of cerebral palsy are divided. Then, what are the symptoms of tremor cerebral palsy? 1, the main symptoms of children with tremor cerebral palsy It is clinically manifested as resting tremor, thick and rhythmic, and conscious movements are temporarily suppressed, more common in the upper limbs, sometimes tremor of movements, aggravated during movements, nystagmus, and simple tremor type cerebral palsy is rare, more than Other types are mixed. 2. Tremor-type cerebral palsy is only a kind of cerebral palsy, and it is extremely rare in the clinic. Because the main lesions are in the cone system and the cerebellum, it is mainly characterized by an involuntary and rhythmic shaking of a part of the body in a plane. The child developed tremor at rest, decreased voluntary movements, and increased tremor during activity. Generally, the upper extremity was heavier than the lower extremity. 3. Involuntary movements of children with tremor-type cerebral palsy disappear when they are quiet, appear when they are consciously moved, behave strangely, squeeze their eyebrows, or cry or laugh, and they want to take the toy hand and extend it in the opposite direction so that they cannot get the toy , Want to take food into the mouth, but the head turns to the opposite direction and can not eat food, the head has poor control ability, the neck has involuntary movements, the child has torticollis, the neck is unstable, such as making it stretch the neck Or when dorsiflexing the head, the child has the opposite action of flexing the head forward, and the involuntary fingers are all manifested when grabbing objects, and the fingers are often extended excessively. Northwest Cerebral Palsy Diagnosis and Treatment Center has innovated various surgical methods for pediatric cerebral palsy surgical treatment, summarized and formulated the best treatment for cerebral palsy-“Perfect Gradient Therapy”, improved nerve electrical stimulation combined with multi-lead electrophysiology Monitoring technology to carry out highly selective spinal nerve posterior root block surgery (FSPR) to treat cerebral palsy, especially spastic cerebral palsy. Combined with periodic rehabilitation, more than 95% of patients have significantly improved their ability to take care of themselves and exercise, and improve their ability to take care of themselves.

Symptoms and prevention of allergic purpura in children

Childhood allergic purpura is also known as hemorrhagic capillary poisoning. Generally speaking, it is caused by food, drugs, toxins or some foreign body infections. Generally speaking, more than half of children have allergic purpura. 1-3 Zhou’s history of upper respiratory tract infections. In fact, this allergy is difficult to determine the allergen source, and it is often difficult to find the specific cause of the disease. Generally speaking, this kind of disease manifests as petechiae on the skin, which usually appears around the joints of the lower extremities and the buttocks. Purpura is symmetrically distributed, appears in batches, varies in size, varies in color, and can be fused into tablets. It gradually subsides within a few days, but it can recur repeatedly; patients may have gastrointestinal symptoms, such as paroxysmal colic or persistent blunt pain in the abdomen; may have joint pain; kidney symptoms, such as proteinuria and hematuria, are more common in children . Treatment includes trying to find the cause of the allergy and avoid it. This kind of allergic purpura should generally be more prevention than treatment, and need to be actively prevented. Preventive measures can be mainly carried out from the following aspects:    1. The first is to strengthen exercise, strengthen nutrition, enhance children’s physical fitness, make children Has a strong resistance and will not be easily infected. &nbsp.    2. Pay attention to personal hygiene, be sure to clean when eating, wash hands frequently, and not eat fruits and aquatic plants that have not been cleaned, so that children can reduce the chance of infection by various parasites. 3. Children with allergies should stay away from allergens, do not touch animals such as cats and dogs, and do not touch things that can cause allergies. In short, don’t touch anything that can cause allergies, especially those that are clearly children’s allergies. contact.   4. Be careful not to let children come into contact with pathogenic things, such as pollen, paint, gasoline, dust, etc.

What to do when the baby is in public? No compromise, smart parents use these four tricks to deal with unreasonable children

&nbsp. These two days saw a cute little video on Weibo: A little girl wanted to buy a toy, but was rejected by his father. As a result, she kept crying and making noises. Although it was hard to conceal her loss, she still took her father’s hand wisely. Little girl: “Forget it, the more you cry, the worse you will be. I used to buy something for me. I cried till the end, and I didn’t get anything… I don’t want to make you angry.” Me and Yi Like many netizens, they lamented the child’s clever and sensible. After all, in the mind, if the children’s requirements are not met, in many cases, there will be scenes of vigorous and vigorous rolling, ghosts crying and howling, forcing parents to compromise. At this time, even if the parents knew that they could not let the children do it without a bottom line, but “no compromise”, the three words are simple, but the practice is not so easy. The parents and moms who don’t listen and who don’t have the will to say so in order not to let the children continue to play until the end: “Forget it, forget it. Only today, I promise you, but not as an example.” A lot of words speak reason to the child, and he doesn’t have to worry about stopping him crying. But I don’t know if you give him an exception, he will be greedy a second time. When it is time to reject the child, he is “soft-hearted and soft-hearted”, and the child is indulging himself in such a “compromise”, or even getting worse. How to do? The truth is that we all know that the headache is how to appease a child with emotional breakdown, but insist on principles without compromise? We are here today to discuss with you. 1. Make expectations and prepare in advance. Swallow agreed to her daughter and took her to buy toys as a birthday gift on the weekend. The daughter, who is usually obedient, is sometimes stubborn and stubborn. Sometimes she doesn’t leave when she sees a toy. If you want an adult to buy it, you will cry and make trouble again. This time, in order to prevent her from making unreasonable demands in the mall, Yanzi consulted with her daughter in advance. Yanzi: “When you arrive at the mall, you can choose the gift by yourself, but you can only choose one. And since it is the gift I gave you, I have to get my approval before I can buy it. Is it okay?” Nodded, Yanzi continued to say: “We both said that we can do it, we can’t regret it. If we regret it, we don’t talk about credit.” Reference suggestion: You can think of scenarios that may cause emotions like Yanzi. , Reached an agreement in advance for possible chaotic scenes and children, this step allows you and your child to be psychologically prepared for the next behavior. Second, stick to the principle. Even if you gently refuse to predict the possible situation in advance, you may not be able to really prevent your child from losing his temper. Sure enough, at the mall, the child had to buy a box of chocolates that had been banned for a long time. Swallow: “You have decayed teeth. My mother said before that you can’t eat chocolate anymore. Can we change something else?” Where did the child willingly agree? When he was rejected, his voice went up several degrees immediately. When the swallow refused again calmly, her daughter began to cry, and the passing crowd cast strange eyes. The swallow took a deep breath, his eyes were firm but his words were gentle and emphasized again by the child, and he no longer intends to make more sense: “This is a shopping mall. If you cry again, mother can take you out and wait for you Be quiet and come back to choose gifts.” Reference suggestions: 1. Do not rebuke children. The child now wants to force his parents to compromise by losing his temper. In addition to adhering to principles, mom and dad must protect their emotions. Once angry and roaring at the child, it will make them feel out of control, and the child will be more difficult to appease and cry more fiercely. 2. Don’t let it cry. When the child collapses and goes crazy, it is actually very sensitive. While trying to challenge the bottom line of the parents and let the parents succumb, they especially need the attention of the parents. If you ignore the child’s crying and even walk away, the child will be particularly afraid, feel abandoned, and feel that your emotions are unacceptable. 3. Don’t try to reason. The reason is very simple, it is useless to reason when the child’s emotional breakdown! When a child vents her emotions, it is the time for her to feel and experience her emotions, not the time to instill truth. Forcibly reasoning, mom and dad may be more likely to lose patience and eventually become angry. 3. Give your child a reasonable alternative. Just when Swallow intends to take her daughter out of the mall first, away from crowded places,

Rumor: Is high blood sugar a geriatric disease? What should I pay attention to when a 4-year-old child gets some kind of milk?

Speaking of chronic diseases such as fatty liver and high blood sugar, do you think it is a disease of the elderly? This is not necessarily the case. I saw a piece of news today. The 4-year-old kid actually found out fatty liver and high blood sugar, and scared both his parents and dad. So what happened? After the doctor’s inquiry, it was found that it was mainly because of the child’s diet. Children drink 3 to 4 bottles of milk every day, but this milk is not ordinary fresh milk, but delicious reconstituted milk. So what exactly is reconstituted milk? Moreover, there are many types of milk on the market, such as children’s milk, breakfast milk, walnut milk, etc. So what kind of choice should we give to children, is nutrition sufficient? 1. What is reconstituted milk? There are many dairy products on the market, so what does reconstituted milk mean? Reconstituted milk is actually made by concentrating milk, drying it to make concentrated milk or milk powder, and then adding water. And the state stipulates that all liquid milk made from powdered milk must be marked with “restored milk”. The nutrition of reconstituted milk is not as good as fresh milk. So what is the difference between reconstituted milk and milk? Second, the difference between reconstituted milk and milk There are many parents who have such confusion when choosing milk for their children. What is the nutritional difference between reconstituted milk and fresh milk? 1Pure fresh milkPure fresh milk is also known as pasteurized milk. Pasteurized milk refers to raw fresh milk heated to 72 to 75 degrees Celsius, kept for 15 to 20 seconds and then cooled, so that only harmful bacteria in the milk will be eliminated. But it retains the nutrition and freshness of milk. Such fresh milk has a short shelf life, generally around 7 to 10 days, and needs to be stored at a low temperature of 2 to 6 degrees Celsius. In terms of nutrition, fresh milk can retain more than 95% of active immune proteins, which can effectively improve human immunity. 2 What is reconstituted milk? Reconstituted milk is also known as reduced milk, or reduced milk, as we have just mentioned, it is milk powder that is concentrated and dried by milk. In the process of making reconstituted milk, because of the process, it will cause the denaturation of vitamins, active calcium, and some proteins, resulting in the loss of nutrition. In short, the nutrition of fresh milk is greater than reconstituted milk, our parents should try to choose fresh milk for children to drink. Above we understand that the nutritional value of fresh milk is greater than reconstituted milk, but I don’t know if you found it. When we choose dairy products, there are often words on the packaging that fresh milk is 85% or more, or 90 or more, but for milk powder The content does not indicate, so how should our parents choose more nutritious milk for their children? Third, how to choose dairy products for children. We know that reconstituted milk is not as nutritious as fresh milk, but sometimes it will inadvertently choose reconstituted milk for children, such as some yoghurt, and some may be partially or completely made of reconstituted milk. At this time, you may have to ask, how to identify the choice? In fact, the amount of reconstituted milk is related to the variety of dairy products. Among them, pasteurized milk is the richest in reconstituted milk, followed by high-temperature sterilized milk and yogurt. For pasteurized milk, nutrients are kept as far as possible without loss. We have learned above, how our parents can choose milk products for their children, but you may have to ask, there are many milks for children in the market, such as children’s milk, breakfast milk, walnut milk, lactic acid bacteria drinks, etc., then these What about nutrition? 4. Comparison of other milks 1 Children’s milk First, let’s talk about children’s milk. Let’s take a look at the ingredients list. We can find that a lot of sugars and human sweeteners are added here. If you drink it frequently, it will be unhealthy. 2 Walnut milk, etc. For walnut milk, red date milk, etc., these are flavored milk, and flavors are added at the same time, so if you drink it often, it is also unhealthy. 3 Lactic acid bacteria beverages For lactic acid bacteria beverages, the milk content is only 30%, and the rest has 70% water. At the same time, thickeners and sweeteners are added, so the nutrition of lactic acid bacteria beverages is also incomparable with milk. 4. What about breakfast milk? Is breakfast milk nutritious? In fact, the nutrition and energy are insufficient. 5. Summary Yuanyuan teacher reminds you: 1 The nutrition of recovered milk is not as good as that of milk. When choosing milk products for children, you should understand. 2 Children’s milk, walnut milk, lactic acid bacteria drinks, breakfast milk, etc., nutrition is not as good as fresh milk. Do you know how to choose milk for your children, and do you have any suggestions and good methods?

What harm does a child suffer from vitiligo?

  I don’t know if you have found out that among the causes of vitiligo, there are a few of them that are specifically for children. They want to have poor immunity, less trace elements, exposure, trauma and so on. Everyone knows that children are naughty and like to play crazy outside, so the chance of vitiligo will be very high. After the onset of the disease, it will have a lot of impact on children’s lives and health, so it is necessary to carry out scientific treatment in time to avoid harm. Then what harm will children have with vitiligo?   Children with vitiligo have these hazards:   1. In the image of vitiligo, although there is no specified place to appear, it is generally easy to appear in places that can be blown by the wind and sun, such as: children’s faces. The white spots on the face have a serious impact on the image and appearance, which makes the child’s mind distracted and leads to a decline in academic performance. If you rush to the exam, it will also affect your mood very much. If you fail the test, it may affect your life. For the future, parents should help their children treat vitiligo as soon as possible.   2. Affecting the children’s friendship   If they know the disease, they should know that they have a fever and stomach pain. Therefore, everyone will be very afraid of vitiligo. And some children’s parents do not understand vitiligo, and will also hand over to children not to play with children with vitiligo to avoid infection. In fact, vitiligo is not contagious, but if you don’t understand leukoplakia, communication barriers will appear when you grow long. No one wants to play with the child. The child starts to have low self-esteem and becomes seriously autistic. 3. After the emergence of the psychological disorder Vitiligo disease, everyone dare not play with the child, and many will think of the child as a monster, will discriminate patients with vitiligo, so it will reduce the child’s sense of self-confidence, create resistance to interpersonal communication, and learn from the patient , And future employment and marriage will bring great pressure. Children are also in a critical period of psychological development, which is easy to cause psychological defects.   Warm reminder: The treatment of children with vitiligo requires experts to formulate a targeted treatment plan, and actively follow the doctor’s advice for treatment, can not blindly treat, so as not to bring more harm.

Summer heat is easy to sweat, can’t hypospadias surgery be done?

Hypospadias is a congenital defect in the abnormal position of the male urethral opening. The urethral opening can be distributed on the line from the normal urethral opening to the perineum, and most patients can be accompanied by penile curvature to the ventral side. Hypospadias is a common malformation in the urinary system of children. The incidence rate reported abroad is as high as 3/1000, and this data is still rising. Parent 1: I heard that your child is preparing for surgery? Parent 2: Yes, it’s going to be operated at the end of this month. Parent 3: Now the weather is hot, I heard that surgery in summer is easy to infect parents 2: Our surgery was scheduled for a long time before it was listed. Parent 2: What should we do? What? Parent 1: Don’t worry, ask a professional doctor first! … (Source: Qianku.net) Professor Liu Yidong: Hypospadias has little to do with the season, as long as the child reaches the surgical standard, the operation can be performed! The earlier the operation, the better the recovery after surgery! (The best operation time for hypospadias is 6-18 months, the child’s penis head width reaches 1.2cm, and the weight reaches 10 kg, you can perform surgery!) (Source: Qianku.net) Hypospadias surgery is really not suitable Do you do it in summer? Some parents worry that children are prone to sweat when the weather is hot in summer, and sweat stains can affect wound healing and even cause infection. In theory, the temperature in winter is lower and the chance of postoperative infection is relatively small; the temperature in summer is higher and the chance of infection will be higher, but at the same time, the body’s metabolism is faster and the skin healing ability is relatively better. But now, the level of medical technology has matured. At the same time, with the improvement of people’s living standards, air conditioning and heating have basically been popularized, and the impact of the season on surgery has not been so great. As long as parents strictly follow the doctor’s instructions for care, keep the wound dry and ventilated, pay attention to cleanliness, and avoid sweat stains and urine contamination of the wound, you don’t have to worry too much. Some parents may also have doubts about whether they can blow the air conditioner after the operation: the child is weak after the operation, can it be done? In summer, children are also afraid of heat. Excessive temperature will make children irritable, which is not conducive to parental care and even affects physical recovery. Maintaining a comfortable temperature indoors will help your child feel better, sleep more soundly, and heal wounds faster! (Source: Qianku.com) Precautions for blowing air conditioners in summer: When blowing air conditioners, you need to control the indoor temperature to ensure that the room temperature is maintained at 24 ℃ -27 ℃; avoid air conditioning directly blowing on the children; proper ventilation when the air conditioner is turned on, about every day 3-4 times; regularly clean the air conditioner to ensure indoor air quality; pay attention to keep warm and protect the baby’s belly when sleeping.

What are the symptoms of allergic purpura in children?

Symptoms of anaphylactoid purpura in children&nbsp. 1. Skin symptoms Skin rashes are the most common manifestation of the disease. Skin rashes are generally concentrated in the lower extremities and ankles. There will also be a small amount of skin rashes on the buttocks. The trunk is generally Rarely will there be a rash. The shape and color of the rash are different. For example, some patients have small urticaria, and some patients develop pink papules. The color of the rash will darken with the increase in the time of illness, and finally form a purple. Sometimes the rash will feel tender.  &Nbsp.2. Other symptoms  Clinical data shows that about two-thirds of the children will have abdominal pain. The abdominal pain mostly occurs around the navel and may also appear in other parts. Sometimes accompanied by symptoms of vomiting and blood in the stool. In severe cases, the stool will show bleeding water samples. The phenomenon of vomiting blood is relatively rare. About half of the children will have joint pain or arthritis, and the incidence of lower limb joints is relatively high. The rash around the joints will feel tender.

Use good methods to prevent cerebral palsy disease

Among neurological diseases, cerebral palsy is a relatively common one, and once affected, it will affect the health of the patient. If we do not prevent cerebral palsy in a timely manner, more and more children may be harmed by this disease. Therefore, everyone must know how to prevent cerebral palsy, so that children can live a healthy life. Let’s take a look at the prevention of cerebral palsy. Among neurological diseases, cerebral palsy is a relatively common one, and once affected, it will affect the health of the patient. If we do not prevent cerebral palsy in a timely manner, more and more children may be harmed by this disease. Therefore, everyone must know how to prevent cerebral palsy, so that children can live a healthy life. Let’s take a look at the prevention of cerebral palsy. The prevention of cerebral palsy is as follows: 1. At the birth of the baby, fetal heart rate monitoring during childbirth should be done. Pay attention to changes in the birth process to prevent suffocation. If blood types are inconsistent, observe carefully after birth to prevent severe neonatal jaundice. The prevention of these cerebral palsy is relatively common. 2. Newborn nursing should prevent infection and trauma to prevent cerebral palsy in children. This is also a preventive measure for cerebral palsy. 3. Pregnant women should do well in the health care during pregnancy before the baby is born, ensure nutrition, prevent trauma, reduce the exposure of toxic substances, prevent unreasonable medication, and conduct regular prenatal examinations, which is also a preventive method for cerebral palsy. The content mentioned above is the prevention of cerebral palsy, I hope everyone can understand it one by one. As long as you pay attention to the prevention of cerebral palsy as soon as possible, you can keep this disease away from your child’s life as soon as possible, and you can greatly reduce its incidence. So if you want to get rid of the interference of this disease, please ask parents to pay attention to the prevention of cerebral palsy in time. Finally, I wish you all a speedy recovery.

In addition to medication, what should children pay attention to?

&nbsp.&nbsp. Tics children can get sick before school age, but most of them are in school age. Children at this age have a certain ability to think and judge, parents should tell the children about the disease appropriately. When you know your disease, fully mobilizing your subjective initiative is beneficial to the recovery of the disease. &nbsp.&nbsp. In order to recover as soon as possible, it is recommended that children should do the following: establish confidence in fighting the disease, understand that their disease can be cured, and actively cooperate with parents and doctors. Knowing that your uncontrollable symptoms are due to illness is as natural as covering your head during a headache, and the students can understand it. Don’t look down on yourself, take the initiative to interact with classmates to enhance friendship. When it affects learning and makes grades decline, be aware that it is temporary, and it will be chased or surpassed by others after redoubled efforts. &nbsp.&nbsp. Being able to study with other classmates and graduating proves that you have perseverance and ability. Avoid mood swings. Usually do not watch TV, do not play game consoles, do not watch horror movies and TV shows. Get along with your classmates without fighting. prevent getting cold. Go to bed early, get up early, exercise, go to public places, and change clothes in time. Develop a good habit of sleeping on time, avoid excessive fatigue, do not watch thrilling and scary movies, horror movies, and TV, avoid excessive brain tension, do not play computer and watch TV excessively, parents should reduce children’s thinking from aspects of life and learning Stress, school teachers should take proper care of and help the children, avoid the burden of learning, etc., which will aggravate the condition, and remind students not to be ridiculed and look down on because of the children’s strange movements. It is necessary to take the initiative to contact the children to help solve the inconveniences in life and learning, and to prevent colds and so on. Children with tics should recognize that most of their learning problems are due to their own involuntary symptoms. Uncontrollable twitching and pronunciation, affecting concentration, and difficulty in completing homework are all factors that affect academic performance. This kind of learning difficulty is reversible. As the condition improves, the academic performance can also be improved. &nbsp.&nbsp. I hope that children, parents and teachers should have a clear understanding to take corresponding measures in order to carry out targeted treatment and reduce the harm caused by tics.

Axillary cerebral palsy lifespan

Core reminder: The physical treatment of cerebral palsy in children with life-long cerebral palsy, the disease of cerebral palsy will pose a serious threat to the newborn, the incidence of cerebral palsy is rising, and people are paying more and more attention to this disease. Children with cerebral palsy will continue to improve their functions as they age, and their brain tissue will become more and more perfect. However, as children with cerebral palsy, abnormal postures will gradually increase spasticity if they are not corrected early, and the loss of function will also increase. More and more, the gap with normal children of the same age is increasing, and the impact of sports and language barriers on children’s lives will become obvious. The physical treatment of children with cerebral palsy in the lifespan of cerebral palsy, the disease of cerebral palsy will pose a serious threat to the newborn, the incidence of cerebral palsy is rising, and people are paying more and more attention to this disease. Children with cerebral palsy will continue to improve their functions as they age, and their brain tissue will become more and more perfect. However, as children with cerebral palsy, abnormal postures will gradually increase spasticity if they are not corrected early, and the loss of function will also increase. More and more, the gap with normal children of the same age is increasing, and the impact of sports and language barriers on children’s lives will become obvious. Can congenital cerebral palsy be cured? Child cerebral palsy is a kind of performance that can cause patients with language disorders, stiff limbs, inability to maintain body balance, unsteady gait, etc., causing great harm to patients. To avoid cerebral palsy, we Family members need to do the prevention work of cerebral palsy. So, what specific measures should be taken to prevent cerebral palsy? Next, we will give you detailed information on the prevention of cerebral palsy. The life expectancy of the cerebral palsy of the Xu type. What are the surgical treatments for cerebral palsy in children? The diagnosis of cerebral palsy has a great effect and influence on the treatment of cerebral palsy in children. It directly determines how to treat cerebral palsy in children, and what kind of treatment should be taken during the treatment. Measures are of great significance to the health recovery of children with cerebral palsy. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose children with cerebral palsy in life and in the hospital. The hospital performance of children with cerebral palsy mostly begins in the baby period. Non-progressive, but if early diagnosis and reasonable treatment are not achieved, tendon contracture and joint deformity will occur, resulting in continued aggravation of performance and fixation of abnormal postural reflexes and movement patterns. With the development of society, many female friends have reached a certain age before giving birth to the next generation. This is a social problem and a personal problem. Nowadays, female friends must not only take care of the family, but also women who work hard with men in the society. Cerebral palsy disease is a phenomenon of brain damage. Cerebral palsy disease has many manifestations. It takes time and patience to heal. In daily life, the disease of cerebral palsy can be discovered in time, so that patients can be treated early. At the same time, after understanding some of the symptoms of cerebral palsy, it is very important to cooperate with doctors for symptomatic treatment. Because cerebral palsy is one of the important causes of severe disability in children.

What are the main symptoms after having cerebral palsy in children?

What are the main symptoms after having cerebral palsy in children? The appearance of cerebral palsy in children will cause the children to have dull eyesight, and they will also have a lot of inconveniences in their actions in the future, so cerebral palsy is terrible, and it is quite common. Friends need to pay attention, then when cerebral palsy occurs in children What kind of symptoms will happen in the future? Symptoms of cerebral palsy in children: 1. Hand-foot movement type, the main lesions are concentrated in the extrapyramidal system, often manifested as “worm-like” involuntary movement of the limbs, head, face or whole body muscles. Increase in tension and excitement, reduce when quiet, and hyperactivity disappear after falling asleep. Symptoms of hyperactivity are especially obvious when performing conscious actions. For example, you can’t touch the item smoothly when you take the item, but the upper limb is raised or extended to the rear, shaking, the whole body is hard, the facial muscle activity is increased, and the expression is strange. The ability to coordinate movement is extremely poor. Language problems are often associated with facial muscles, tongue muscles and vocal muscles. Simple hand-foot and agitated cerebral palsy often has decreased muscle tone, no hypertensive reflex, and no pathological reflex. But this type often coexists with spastic type. 2. Spastic type, most children with cerebral palsy belong to this type. It is also the most common clinical type. The main manifestation is the increase of muscle tension “flip-knife-like”, mainly the increase of flexor muscle tension, especially the adductor muscles of the lower extremities. The abduction of the thighs of the child is difficult, the knee flexion is not easy to straighten, and the contraction of the gastrocnemius muscle causes contracture of the Achilles tendon. When standing upright, the legs are straightened, retracted, and rotated, and the legs are in the shape of scissors. Walking in a “scissors” spastic paralysis gait, the toes touch the ground. The upper limbs showed flexion of elbow and wrist. The affected limb is typically paralyzed with upper motor neurons, with tendon hyperreflexia and pathological reflexes. 3. Ataxia type, this type is rare, mainly manifested as signs of cerebellar lesions, common nystagmus, poor discrimination, unsteady gait, shaking and intentional tremor. Muscle tension is low, and tendon reflexes are not hyperactive. Treatment of cerebral palsy in children: 1. Tuina treatment: The main function of Tuina is to clear meridians, blood circulation and blood stasis through the massage of limbs or acupuncture points, so as to restore the functions of limbs and other functions. 2. Acupuncture treatment: Acupuncture is performed by acupuncture or acupuncture at selected acupuncture points. At the same time, appropriate techniques are used in accordance with the theory of syndrome differentiation and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine to adjust the balance of yin and yang of the patient’s body and clear the meridians. 3. Diet therapy: Eat more fruits and vegetables to ensure the balance of nutrition, pay attention to digestion when eating according to your own condition. Adjust the diet reasonably, keep the nutrition adequate, and enhance your physique. After seeing the above, everyone should know what are the symptoms of cerebral palsy in children. The occurrence of cerebral palsy will affect the life of the child and bring misfortune to the entire family. In order to reduce the occurrence of cerebral palsy, friends should pay attention It is necessary to pay attention to prevention, especially during pregnancy.

Do well in fissure sealing to effectively prevent tooth decay

Everyone may be familiar with the ad phrase “Our goal is no tooth decay”, but do you know that the sealing of fissures can effectively prevent tooth decay? 1.&nbsp.What is fissure closure? There are some grooves and gaps on the occlusal surface of the big teeth in our mouths, called fissures. The ditch can increase the contact area of ​​the upper and lower teeth when chewing food, allowing the food to be ground more effectively. Fissure sealing is the use of a fluid filling material to “fill” the fissures on the occlusal surface of the large teeth to form a protective barrier to prevent and reduce tooth decay. The sealing material “fills in” the groove on the surface of the tooth 2.&nbsp.Why do we need to close the groove? When the children’s big teeth just sprout, the fissures in the fissures are deep, and it is easy to leave food and accumulate plaque. But because children are not skilled enough or not careful enough, it is difficult to clean the fissures. In the long run, large teeth are more prone to tooth decay. Children are in the critical stage of growth and development, and big teeth are the main force for us to chew food. If the big teeth decay, it will hurt and will be uncomfortable, which may affect the eating, which will affect the growth and development of the children, especially the normal development of the maxillofacial region. The operation of fissure sealing is simple, the process is easy and painless, and it is safe and effective, just like putting armor on the teeth, it is very meaningful for preventing tooth decay. 3.&nbsp.When do I need to do fissure sealing? Generally, you can do it after the big teeth sprout, the sooner the better. Deciduous tooth stage: at 3-4 years old, the baby can cooperate with oral operation; replacement stage: the first permanent molar (sixth-year-old tooth) erupts, 6-8 years old, very very important; &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp .&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. The second permanent molar eruption: 12-14 years old. 4.&nbsp.After the fissure seal is done, will there be any tooth decay? of course not! First of all, after the fissure closure is done, regular inspection is required. During use of the tooth, the sealant may wear out or partly fall off. If necessary, it needs to be replaced as soon as possible. Moreover, tooth decay does not only occur in the pits and grooves. Other parts of the teeth may also suffer from tooth decay due to the lack of cleaning. Parents should know that pit and fissure closure is an effective way to prevent tooth decay, but it is far from all. We need to cultivate children’s awareness of oral protection from an early age, and teach them the methods of brushing and flossing, and check their teeth regularly. Knowing that “no tooth decay” is not just a goal, it is action!