How to take care of the skin lesions of patients with vitiligo?

How to take care of the skin lesions of patients with vitiligo? The white spots caused by vitiligo are more sensitive. Many factors will stimulate the spread of white spots and aggravate the condition. Therefore, during the period of disease treatment, the care of white spots is also indispensable. Then, how to care for the skin of the white spot?   Avoid direct sunlight on the skin. You must have a correct understanding of the sun exposure. Its reasonable exposure is conducive to the recovery and production of melanocytes, but try to avoid it when the sunlight is strong, wear out melanocytes with sunburn, and pay attention to the occurrence of skin trauma. Patients with vitiligo should try to avoid skin trauma to prevent the skin from having a homogenous reaction due to wound infection, which will also be detrimental to leukoplakia. Therefore, we must pay attention to the protection of the skin in life, scratching, friction and squeezing, etc., need to pay attention to.   Use less cosmetics to cover. The white spots caused by vitiligo are more obvious than normal skin color. In order to reduce the psychological burden, patients often use cosmetics to cover them. Long-term use is not conducive to skin health. If some cosmetics are not properly selected, the impact will be relatively large, so it should be taken. note. In the face of skin care for vitiligo, it is recommended that you establish a correct understanding, pay attention to the stimulation of some undesirable factors in daily life, and keep clean and hygienic for the living or working environment, and keep away from the materials that are irritating. To maintain optimism, you will often encounter some bumpy and unpleasant things in life and work, which will cause psychological and mental pressure. If you do not resolve it in time, it will cause the physiological function of the body to cause many diseases. Emotional changes are closely related to health, and abnormal emotional reactions are the internal factors of disease occurrence. Therefore, in your life and work, you must adjust your mentality in a timely manner, restrain abnormal emotional reactions, and improve your ability to adapt to the environment.   For the affected skin caused by vitiligo, in order to better the treatment effect, patients in daily care need to pay more attention to daily care. Not only should we actively cooperate with hospital treatment, but also can not be taken lightly in daily routine care, pay attention to the complementarity of care and treatment, and better exert the treatment effect.

What physical treatments should vitiligo patients pay attention to?

In the face of vitiligo, it is necessary to pay attention to timely treatment, so it is particularly important to choose a regular hospital. However, patients should pay attention to avoid misunderstandings during the treatment of diseases and reduce the secondary damage to the vitiligo, which requires patients to be There is enough understanding of the disease. So what physiotherapy matters should be paid attention to by patients with vitiligo?    First, unscientific treatment Some vitiligo patients are rushed to the doctors and have no ability to recognize advertisements. They go to some informal hospitals for blind treatment. The treatment is unscientific, so that vitiligo is not only not cured, but instead As a result, the condition is getting more serious, and a lot of money is wasted at the same time.   2. Irregular medications    There are many drugs for treating vitiligo. Some patients do not go to regular hospitals to find out the cause of symptomatic treatment, but use their own medication. Long-term blind medication not only fails to achieve the therapeutic effect, but also causes the body to develop drug resistance, making it more difficult for regular treatment.   III. No attention to nursing   Some patients give priority to treatment and care, do not pay attention to dietary taboos, skin care, irregular life, etc., so that the long-term treatment of vitiligo is not good, and even the condition tends to deteriorate. Therefore, patients with vitiligo must pay attention to their own care while treating. 4. Some patients with intermittent treatment did not see the treatment effect in a short period of time, so they interrupted or replaced the treatment on their own. Even when they saw the improvement of white spots, they thought that they would resume treatment and stop treatment. The impact on the condition is relatively large, so the patients face the body White spots require patience.  Treatment of vitiligo needs to go to a regular professional hospital to find out the cause and receive systematic and scientific treatment, so as not to cause the disease to deteriorate and cause greater harm to physical and mental health. Care for patients with vitiligo should avoid taboos, foods that are too sour and spicy, foods rich in vitamin C and seafood, etc.; pay attention to skin protection, do sunscreen measures, avoid contact with irritating chemicals; live regularly, develop Good habits, etc.

How to care after laser removal of stretch marks?

How to care after laser stretch marks removal? Many people who love beauty look happy when their children are born. It hasn’t disappeared after production, so this situation is more troublesome for beauty lovers, so now there is a good way to improve the stretch marks by laser. So how to care after laser stretch marks removal? The following doctors in Hangzhou Time Plastic Surgery Hospital are popular science for everyone. The effect of laser to remove stretch marks is still good. It can help the beauty lovers to improve the troubles caused by stretch marks, so that the beauty lovers can have a good skin condition again. So how to care after laser stretch marks removal? Let’s find out. 1. Be sure to remember sun protection after the operation to avoid the sun exposure, so as to avoid the formation of pigmentation, so pay more attention. 2. Don’t eat spicy and irritating food after the operation, eat some light food, eat more fruits and vegetables, and supplement nutrition. 3. Try not to use irritating food after the operation, you can use some mild products to add water. 4. The treatment site will be scabed after the operation, pay attention to let it fall off by itself, do not remove it by hand. 5. Be careful to maintain a good mood after the operation and be careful not to stay up late.

Neck problems also expose age! Have you done neck care?

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. When you talk about care, most of them are face and hands, but there is a very important part that people often overlook: the neck! &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. We all often notice acne, long spots, wrinkles, dry skin, etc. Most of our energy is spent on the face and hands, whether it is skin care Products or cosmetics are always used more frequently on the face, while the neck is ignored. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. I don’t believe you think about it: when cleaning, do you deliberately clean the neck? When applying moisturizers and sunscreens, do you use neck-specific products? Did you intentionally move your neck when doing yoga, muscle training, or morning running? These little things can’t be done, do you still say you will care for the neck? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. So, when the neck shows wrinkles and age, don’t ask why! How to care for the neck? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Simply the same as the face! Face care needs attention, neck care should also pay attention-yes, that is cleansing, moisturizing, sunscreen. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Cleaning is not the time to take a shower with shower gel when you are taking a shower, and you need to exfoliate regularly! Skin resistance is relatively good, you can use matte products; delicate and fragile girl choose a gentle type. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. It should be noted that you should not ignore it at ordinary times. Now that you have noticed it, don’t use too much force. When cleaning, use a gentle method and keep the frequency at about 7 days. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Moisturizing and sun protection are the same. Choose products suitable for your skin type, apply body lotion and moisturizing cream in time after cleaning, make a neck mask regularly, especially in summer, you should pay more attention to sun protection, outdoor Reapply once every 3 hours in the environment, and reapply once every 6 to 8 hours in the indoor environment. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. When applying the cream, the technique is from bottom to top and from the inside to the outside, which can make the lines more compact and effectively delay aging. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. In addition, usually pay more attention to the neck exercise, especially the office sedentary crowd, every 2 hours, let the neck carry out a full activity, only 5 minutes. This is not only conducive to neck maintenance, but also elegant neck lines, but also for the temperament image! &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. For more information about “neck care”, you can ask me questions.

What kind of care should red blood patients do?

Red blood streak is a common disease in life, which is more likely to occur on the patient’s face, because the cuticle is thinner. Affect the external appearance of patients, what kind of care should red blood patients do? The doctors of Hangzhou Time Plastic Surgery Hospital are popular science for everyone. Experts pointed out: What kind of care should patients with red blood spots do? 1. Try to avoid entering the environment of sudden cold and hot. Let the skin have an adaptation process to avoid aggravating the red blood spots. The red blood spots appear fever and swelling. Cold compress can be used. Never wash your face with hot water. Wash your face with warm water. Generally, the water temperature should be controlled between 37°-39°. Sunscreen care should be done when you go out. Do not expose to the sun. 2. In normal life, pay attention to keeping warm, avoiding the sun, and controlling your emotions as much as possible. These can effectively avoid the expansion of capillaries. Clean and moisturize, let the skin breathe smoothly, keep the skin clean, wash your face with warm water often, keep the skin absorbed enough moisture, do not use skin care products containing sensitive ingredients that have irritation. 3. The treatment of red blood capillary is important to improve the elasticity of facial capillaries, restore the normal contraction and relaxation of blood vessels, and reduce the permeability of blood vessels. You need to go to a regular hospital in time. 4. Patients with red bloodshot eyes should eat less spicy food, try not to eat spicy spicy food, avoid irritation to the skin, diet should be light, balanced diet, intake of sufficient calcium, protein and B vitamins, vitamin C, eat more fresh For fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water and keep 8 glasses of water a day.

How do you “plant” dental implants?

Orthodontics丨Tooth Filling丨Implanted Teeth丨Teeth Washing丨Porcelain Teeth丨Whitening TeethThere are answers to all questions about oral health &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. How to implant teeth?&nbsp.&nbsp.nb&nbsp.&nbsp.n .&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. It is said that dental implants are implanted in the gums&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.n&bb.n &nbsp. So how did it grow? &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&bb.n &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.sp&nbsp.&nbsp.nbsp.nbsp. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Wait until the implant and the alveolar bone in the gum are combined&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&bb&nbsp.&bb&nbsp. .&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Replace the abutment and temporary teeth&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.n&bb. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Wait until the abutment healed&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.b&b&nbsp.&nbsp.b&b &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Temporary teeth are removed and replaced with permanent crowns&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.nbsp&nbsp.n &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. One implant is just “planted” &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. The whole process takes about 3 Time around the month // Brief process of dental implantation //&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nb

How to care for patients with tremor paralysis?

 In the early stage of the disease, Parkinson’s patients have the ability to live independently, and their care is mainly to guide and help solve the difficulties in life; late bedridden patients, their nursing tasks are becoming more and more important. The care of Parkinson’s patients should generally pay attention to the following issues:    (1) Guidance and help in life: In the early stage of this disease, the patient’s motor function is barrier-free and can adhere to a certain amount of work. The patient should be instructed to participate in various forms of activities as much as possible. Functional exercise of the joints of the limbs. With the development of the disease, the patient’s motor function has a certain degree of obstacles, and the ability of self-care in life is significantly reduced. At this time, it is advisable to pay attention to the safety issues in the patient’s activities, and use crutches to walk while walking. If the patient is squatting in the toilet and has difficulty in standing up, a high stool can be used to defecate. If the patient is awkward and often makes mistakes, beware of tableware during meals. For those who cannot eat, someone needs to feed soup rice. Those who have difficulty putting on and taking off clothes, buttoning buttons, knotting belts and shoelaces need help.   (2) Pay attention to diet and nutrition:    ① Can give enough total calories according to the patient’s age and activity, pay attention to meet the supply of sugar and protein in the diet, mainly vegetable oil, less animal fat. Those taking dopamine therapy should limit protein intake. Because protein can affect the therapeutic effect of dopamine. The protein intake is limited to less than 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight per day, and the total daily amount is about 40 to 50 grams. Use high-quality proteins such as milk, eggs, meat, and soy products within the limits. Eating seafood in moderation can provide high-quality protein and unsaturated fatty acids, which is beneficial to the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis. ,   ②&nbsp. The supply of inorganic salts, vitamins, dietary fiber should be sufficient. Eating more fresh vegetables and fruits can provide multiple vitamins, and can promote bowel movements and prevent constipation. The patient sweats a lot and should pay attention to add water.   ③ Food preparation should be fine and soft, easy to digest, easy to chew and swallow, and be supplied as semi-liquid or soft food.   ④&nbsp. Diet should be light and salt-free. Non-smoking wine and irritating food, such as coffee, chili, mustard, curry, etc. Sufficient water supply should be ensured.   (3) Prevention of complications: pay attention to the temperature, humidity, ventilation and lighting of the living room. According to the season, climate, weather, etc., increase or decrease the clothes, determine the way and intensity of outdoor activities. The above measures can effectively prevent colds. Late bedridden patients should turn over on time and do good skin care to prevent urine and stool impregnation and bed sores. Passive movement of the limbs, strengthening muscles and joint massage are meaningful for preventing and delaying bone and joint complications. Combined with oral care, turn over and knock back to prevent aspiration pneumonia and falling pneumonia.   (4) Strengthen limb function exercise: In the early stage of this disease, certain physical activities should be adhered to, and limb function exercise should be actively carried out. Each joint of the limbs should do the maximum range of flexion, extension, rotation and other activities to prevent the occurrence of limb contracture and joint stiffness. In late stage patients, passive limb activities and muscle and joint massage are performed to promote blood circulation of the limbs.   (5) Prevention of complications: pay attention to the temperature, humidity, ventilation and lighting of the living room. According to the season, climate, weather, etc., increase or decrease the clothes, determine the way and intensity of outdoor activities. The above measures can effectively prevent colds. Late bedridden patients should turn over on time and do good skin care to prevent urine and stool impregnation and bed sores. Passive movement of the limbs, strengthening muscles and joint massage are meaningful for preventing and delaying bone and joint complications. Combined with oral care, turn over and knock back to prevent aspiration pneumonia and falling pneumonia. (6) Psychological characteristics of patients with Parkinson’s disease: Parkinson’s disease is a slow-progressing process. In the early stage of the disease, the patient has a certain ability to work, life can take care of himself, and the tremor is not significant. The patient often does not mind There is not much psychological concern. With the progress of the disease, the ability to work is gradually lost, and the ability to take care of life is significantly reduced. The patient gradually becomes mentally and emotionally depressed, feelings of anxiety, depression, etc., worrying all day long, sighing, interest in a calm, interest in work, study, family, future Losing confidence often has the concept of self-blame and low self-esteem. As the condition worsens, the patient becomes sluggish, indifferent in spirit, presents a “mask face”, has a single tone, talks intermittently, and has a reduced ability to communicate with others. Some patients realize that the final adverse outcome of the disease will cause fear or despair. psychological. At the later stage of the disease, the patient can’t take care of himself

How to care for patients with vitiligo in summer

   As we all know, there is no limit to the incidence of vitiligo. From newborn babies to the elderly, it is possible to suffer from vitiligo disease, which is also related to the season. In summer, the incidence of vitiligo at that time was six times that of winter. Some patients with cured vitiligo, but due to the appearance of summer, vitiligo will relapse. Therefore, patients with vitiligo must be cared for in the summer. Next, let us see what kind of care is needed for patients with summer vitiligo.   1. In life    In the daily life of patients with vitiligo, we must quit smoking and alcohol, do not eat spicy and irritating food, and fruits and vegetables with high vitamin C content. Patients with vitiligo should pay attention to diet and strengthen physical exercise. When exercising, you must choose where the air circulates. When the sun is relatively strong, you must also do the corresponding sun protection work, because many people have vitiligo due to excessive exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.   2. In work    Many people’s work may be exposed to certain chemical raw materials. For patients with vitiligo disease, exposure to these chemical raw materials will affect the condition and even worsen the condition of vitiligo disease. Therefore, patients with vitiligo must be well protected at work, and should be in direct contact with chemical raw materials as little as possible. Of course, the house must be ventilated for three months after renovation, and must be kept ventilated after moving in.   3. Psychological    The occurrence and aggravation of vitiligo disease have a great relationship with the psychology of vitiligo patients. Therefore, in daily life, patients with vitiligo not only need to eliminate psychological troubles and troubles, but also need to maintain a positive and optimistic mood, because this can effectively avoid the onset of vitiligo. And the vitiligo after treatment can not be tense or anxious for a long time, otherwise it will cause the recurrence of vitiligo.   In summer, the outdoor UV is stronger than the other three seasons. Therefore, patients with vitiligo should pay more attention to skin care. At all times, they must do a good job in life, work and psychological care, especially the psychological problems of patients with vitiligo, must not have bad emotions, because doing so will not only reduce the aggravation of vitiligo or Relapse, but also beneficial to the rehabilitation of vitiligo.

Vitiligo patients need to pay attention to what care measures

In the current society, people’s living standards are constantly improving, and the level of medical care that people can enjoy is also higher than before. But even so, at the current medical level, the very stubborn skin disease of vitiligo cannot be cured in a short time. Therefore, for patients with vitiligo, it is necessary to pay attention to some nursing measures in daily life. In today’s society, with the rapid development of technology, people’s material life has also been greatly improved. Even people are increasingly pursuing material enjoyment and paying special attention to their external image. However, due to the stubborn skin disease of vitiligo, it has brought great impact to patients. Then explain to everyone what nursing measures need to pay attention to vitiligo patients. 1. Vitiligo patients should pay special attention to diet care. In general, patients with vitiligo can eat more black foods, such as black sesame, black beans, etc. These foods help the formation of their own skin melanin. Of course, patients with vitiligo should also pay attention to it, that is, do not eat spicy foods and seafood foods, because these may irritate the skin, which may cause skin allergies. Second, patients with vitiligo should pay attention to the daily care when going out. Because some patients’ work needs to be carried out under strong ultraviolet rays, if the sun protection measures are not done, it will have a huge impact on the skin. Due to the strong ultraviolet rays, the melanin-secreting cells in the skin may become hyperactive and lose activity. Therefore, patients with vitiligo should pay attention to it when they are working. When they go out, they usually find that the external ultraviolet rays are too strong, and they should also take care of sun protection. Third, patients with vitiligo also need to pay attention to the care of life and spirit, because in today’s society, it is a very fast-paced society, people’s life pressure is very great. But if you can’t adjust your pressure and maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, it will easily cause the aggravation of vitiligo disease. These measures are only a part of daily life that requires special attention, but not all. And these nursing measures require the patient to persist for a long time to be truly effective. Therefore, the current medical level is unable to quickly treat this stubborn skin disease. During this period, we should pay attention to many nursing measures.

How to care for female patients with vitiligo

For most female patients with vitiligo, due to the impact of vitiligo on their personal image, women have suffered huge psychological pressure. In the face of this situation, female patients need to take the initiative to attack, from dressing, diet, mentality and skin care to increase the chance of treatment of vitiligo. Therefore, in life, most women should pay attention to the health and fairness of the skin. If they find vitiligo on their skin, it will be a huge blow. And we must actively face the disease of vitiligo, and in the process of symptomatic treatment, do a good job of daily skin care. Female patients with vitiligo should always maintain good hygienic habits, actively clean up the dirt on the skin surface, and use warm water as much as possible during cleaning. Area. Since most women now often use some skin care products to take care of their skin, but on the market, some skin care products will contain a lot of heavy metals. If female patients with vitiligo misuse these products, it is equivalent to giving vitiligo Increased catalyst, leading to aggravation of the patient’s vitiligo. Therefore, female patients should be cautious when choosing skin care products, try to choose skin care products with pure natural formulas, or skin care products that doctors determine can be used, and try not to use skin care products with unknown ingredients. Perhaps most women do not know that endocrine disorders are also an important factor leading to the increase of vitiligo in women. Generally, women’s bodies will be weak during menstruation, postpartum and postpartum, and at this time, endocrine disorders are very likely to occur. , Leading to aggravation of vitiligo. Therefore, when faced with this situation, female patients should pay attention to the nursing work of the body in a special period, so as to better maintain the endocrine balance and control the vitiligo on the skin. Female patients with vitiligo should pay attention to eating more foods that are beneficial for the elimination of vitiligo, because the amino acids and minerals in the food have a very good effect on skin conditioning. If female patients can increase foods containing these two substances, they can promote skin Of melanocytes are normally metabolized and can also eliminate vitiligo on the skin. The black sesame, black rice, beef, walnuts and eggs that are common in life can be eaten more, because this is very helpful for the treatment of vitiligo. In summary, if female patients with vitiligo can insist on doing these things well, the treatment of vitiligo will also play a considerable role. In addition, because the mentality of female vitiligo patients is basically more delicate, it is necessary to consciously adjust their mental state after treatment to cope with the treatment of vitiligo disease.

Do you think everything is going to be done after hypospadias? Care is also very important

Hypospadias, as a type of male urethral deformity, can only be treated and corrected by surgery. Many mothers think that after the operation of hypospadias, everything will be fine, but in fact, of course not. Hypospadias surgery is complicated, and post-operative care is also very important for physical recovery. If post-operative care is not done well, it is easy to cause complications. Common complications after hypospadias 1. Urinary fistula Urinary fistula is the most common complication after hypospadias repair. In hypospadias, the incidence of urinary fistula is the highest, at 14.29%. There are many causes of urinary fistula, such as poor blood supply to the shaped urethra, obstruction of the distal urethra, poor urine drainage, excessive suture tension, ischemic necrosis of the local tissue, infection, penile erection caused the wound to split, and the formation of the urethra The secretions were not cleared in time, the surgeon’s technical proficiency, etc. It is found that the urethral fistula should not be treated urgently. At least 6 months after the operation, the local skin scars softened and the blood supply was rebuilt before repair. 2. Urethral stenosis Urethral stenosis is also a common complication, its incidence is second only to urinary fistula. Urethral stenosis mostly occurs in the urethra of the head of the penis and the proximal urethral anastomosis. The clinical manifestations are laborious urination, urinary weakness, and bifurcation of urinary flow. The main reason is caused by poor blood supply to the shaped urethra, scars caused by local infection, or the lack of bevel anastomosis of the shaped urethral anastomosis. (1) Mildly narrowed urethral dilation has a certain effect, and it is severely ineffective, regardless of the postoperative time. (2) Surgery can be selected for urethral resection and anastomosis of the stenotic segment, or urethrotomy for the second stage of the urethral resection and urethroplasty. 3. The urethral diverticulum-like expansion is mostly due to the inelasticity of the newly formed urethral material. The material is the diameter of the foreskin or mucous membrane is too large or the distal end is narrow, which can cause repeated urinary tract infections. 4. Necrosis or splitting is mainly caused by the distal end of the urethral cutaneous tube, which has poor blood flow. The early postoperative high pressure urination will cause a penile wound split, and the surgical site is prone to infection near the anus. How should I care after hypospadias? 1. Wound care: keep the surgical wound dry and clean and the urethra mouth clean twice a day (one in the morning and one in the evening). You can wipe it with a wet paper towel or a wet cotton swab. If the skin is wet, you can use a hair dryer to dry it nearby, but you must pay attention to the temperature and be careful scald! When wiping, pay special attention to the skin folds, such as the root of the penis, you need to flatten the skin and wipe these folds clean. A small amount of chlortetracycline eye ointment can be applied to the skin folds of the penile head urethral opening, penile body wounds and penile roots to prevent the underwear and diapers from sticking. You can take a shower 1 week after the operation, take a urinary catheter or shower, and encourage you to rinse the entire penis with water. You can also use shower gel and shampoo as usual to help remove skin exudates and scabs, especially in hot weather. After bathing, wipe the genitals and wounds clean or blow dry with an electric hair dryer. In short, keep the wounds dry and clean. If there is erosion, ulceration, suppuration, darkening of the skin or odor in the wound, you should visit the hospital in time. It is usually enough to take a shower 1-2 times a day. After completing the cleaning work, you can apply disinfectant to prevent infection. You need to pay attention to the concentration of the disinfectant. Generally, iodophor needs to be half diluted. 2. Care of urinary catheter: keep the catheter clear, red urine appears during the tube, a small amount of blood leaks from the urethra, a small amount of liquid leaks from the drainage tube, or urine flows out from the urethral catheter It is normal after the operation. If the urine continues to be bright red and the urethra has continuous bleeding, the drainage tube has more daily drainage or bright red and purulent color. The catheter is usually removed 2-3 weeks after surgery. For indwelling scrotal drainage tube at discharge, the distal type of hypospadias is generally removed 3-5 days after surgery. The proximal type may need to be retained until 2-3 days after removal of the catheter, depending on the urination, the drainage tube is removed The wound will usually heal itself within 2-3 days and does not need to be sutured again to close. 3. Diet care: The child should eat liquid without residue after the operation, such as milk, fruit juice, vegetable juice, broth, various nutrient solutions, etc., which requires high nutrition, high calorie, high protein, low cellulose, so Conducive to the healing of the incision, and can properly control bowel movements. Children should be encouraged to drink plenty of water, on the one hand, it can maintain the balance of water and electrolytes in the body, on the other hand, it is conducive to the cleaning of the urinary tract, and the purpose of internal flushing. 4. Pain care: There will often be pain of varying degrees after the operation. For young children, parents must accompany them throughout the journey to meet the psychological dependence of the children and assist the nursing staff to calm the children. When the pain reaction is strong, , Can root

How to carry out home care for hemophilia

Hemophilia is currently not curable. It is a lifelong disease that can only be treated symptomatically, such as blood transfusion or blood transfusion factor. The key is to strengthen care and prevention in daily life to reduce and avoid causing bleeding. There are currently three types of hemophilia, namely hemophilia A, hemophilia B, and hemophilia C. Hemophilia A is due to the lack of blood clotting factor m, while hemophilia B and hemophilia C are lacking. Coagulation factor k and clotting factor knives, these types of hemophilia have certain genetic laws. Both hemophilia A and hemophilia B are sexually recessive.   Common is hemophilia A, which is characterized by the onset of males in the family, while females are the carriers of the disease but do not develop the disease. The other two types of hemophilia are both male and female.  Home care points  Because the disease is a lifelong disease, it is often heavier at onset. Therefore, prevention and care within the family have extraordinary significance for the prognosis of patients and the quality of daily life. 1. Patients and relatives must have a full understanding of the disease, relatives should give patients enough care and love, patients themselves should establish self-confidence, self-reliance, self-improvement of life concepts, self-care, to minimize the incidence of disease and improve Quality of Life.   2. Prevention and care of bleeding    (1) “Prevention and care of bleeding”, pay special attention to avoiding trauma, when going to the hospital, explain the condition to the doctor and nurse, and avoid intramuscular injection as much as possible. Do all kinds of safety precautions in the home, try to avoid the use of sharp objects, such as needles, scissors, knives, etc.   (2) Normally, when there is no bleeding, proper exercise is beneficial to reduce the recurrence of the disease. However, when there is active bleeding, it is necessary to limit the activity to avoid aggravating the bleeding.   (3) When the joint bleeds, you should lie on the bed, fix the limb with splint, put it in a functional position, restrict movement, and apply local cold compress and bandage with elastic bandage. After the joint bleeding stops and the swelling and pain disappear, appropriate joint activities can be performed to prevent deformities and stiffness caused by long-term joint fixation.   3. People who have anemia due to heavy bleeding should strengthen the care of anemia.

“Chrysanthemum” cracked diet should pay attention to these 6 points

Many people in daily life are faced with anal fissures. After suffering from anal fissures, patients often experience pain, bloody stools and other discomforts, and some people exert too much force during defecation, which can easily cause or aggravate anal fissures. It can even cause anal fissure bleeding. So, let me explain the 6-point dietary taboo for anal fissure patients. Hope it helps you.   1. Anal fissure diet should avoid spicy stimulation, greasy, cold and hot food. Such as chili, garlic, tobacco and alcohol, soy products, mutton, as well as cold drinks, cold vegetables, clams and so on.   2. It is not advisable to eat fragrant, fried and roasted food, such as fried food and roasted food.   3. It is not suitable to eat warm tonic products, but tonic tonic products, such as walnuts, lotus seeds, jujube, etc.   4. Anal fissure diet should eat foods rich in cellulose and intestinal, such as shepherd’s purse and white fungus.   5. Eat food that is easy to digest and soft in texture.   6. It is advisable to eat cold foods, such as vegetables and fruits.  How to care for patients with anal fissures   People often have anal fissures, especially nowadays young people. This disease brings great trouble to the patients’ normal life. So how to care for patients with anal fissure in daily life? Friends may be very concerned. Here we introduce how to care for patients with anal fissure. hope it helps you. 1. Pay attention to hygiene: keep the anus clean, clean the anus promptly after going to the toilet, take a shower frequently, and change the underwear frequently, which can effectively prevent infection. If the amount of bleeding is large, you should go to the hospital for treatment. Nourishing blood and nutrients to enhance body resistance.   2. Smooth stool: Long-term constipation is the main cause of anal fissure. Therefore, maintaining smooth stool is essential for the prevention of the disease. Patients should develop daily bowel habits, regular bowel movements, and increase outdoor activities appropriately.

Malignant lymphoma is not terrible, mental care is very important

Psychological state can make the immune system function at its best. Therefore, the body’s mental immune regulation function plays an important role in promoting the reversal of cancer cells. Therefore, mental care for malignant lymphoma is particularly important. Good mental care can be done from the following aspects:    1. Be realistic and bear the burden. When the patient’s diagnosis is clear, the family must first be able to withstand this blow and try to control their emotions. At the same time, encourage patients to actively receive treatment, and make every effort to make patients feel the caress and support of their families, and enhance their confidence in defeating the disease.   2. Eliminate the idea of ​​the patient giving up treatment, tell the patient frankly, and let him know the content and method of the treatment, the possible side effects, and the best result of the treatment. Help patients build a tenacious fighting spirit.  3. To share the pain of the patient, the family should strengthen the contact and help each other, not to blame or complain, so that the patient does not worry about the family.   4. During the long-term treatment, family relations may also become tense. Due to inappropriate language or attitude changes of family members, it may bring bad emotions, or pessimism or depression to the patient, which is very unfavorable for rehabilitation. Family members must fully understand the patient’s pain and mood, pay attention to their words and deeds, and create a relaxed environment to relieve the patient’s tension and anxiety.

How much does the osteotomy have to do with the degree of swelling after surgery?

  How much is the osteotomy related to the degree of swelling after the operation? 1. As long as it is within the safe value, the size of the osteotomy is not directly related to the degree of swelling after the operation. The degree of swelling after the operation is related to the constitution and postoperative care factors.   2. Different physiques are different, and care is also different. There is no direct comparison and no practical significance.   3. The same, physical and nursing are certain. What you have to manage is whether it is within the safety value, and whether your appeal is to compare the size of the face with a person or to naturally become more beautiful than yourself. 4. The concept of osteotomy size itself is a pseudo-proposition. The facial skeleton structure itself is three-dimensional and three-dimensional. The cut-off is also three-dimensional and none of them are strictly regular length, width and height, and the angle direction is also different. The ratio and the size of the role played are meaningless. In other words, besides being used for gossip bragging, chatting, and expressing emotional and psychological problems, nothing else has practical significance.

What should children pay attention to when suffering from vitiligo

In recent years, the environment in which everyone lives has undergone tremendous changes. In particular, the barrier of the ozone layer has weakened, and the radiation of excessive ultraviolet rays to the human body has increased. Therefore, the incidence of skin has gradually increased. Many children should have spent their carefree years, but unfortunately they suffered from vitiligo. Due to the emergence of this disease, the child’s psychology and image are greatly affected. The incidence of vitiligo children in the population is quite even, even if this disease can be treated, the difficulty of treatment is very large, and if in the process of treatment, the wrong method is used to treat or not pay attention to consolidation treatment will be Causes vitiligo disease to spread or recur. Therefore, in the treatment of children with vitiligo, patients should not only use scientific methods to treat, but also pay attention to disease care at any time. The appearance of vitiligo has a great relationship with the body’s low resistance, and children with vitiligo must not neglect physical exercise in their care, exercise more in daily life, and increase the body’s resistance. It can make the body healthier, and it can also restore the condition of vitiligo disease. Because many children now have picky and partial food phenomena, it is very easy to cause malnutrition in the child’s body. And if the trace elements in the child’s body are missing, it will cause the appearance of vitiligo. Therefore, children need to pay more attention to their nutritional mix in their daily diet, eat as little or no junk food as possible, and eat three meals a day evenly. A healthy diet can avoid the loss of trace elements in the body. The purpose of this is not only to increase the synthesis of melanin, but also to recover more quickly. And now there are a lot of children who often stay up late because of study, which makes the body overloaded. If the child often does this, it will seriously affect the physique of the body, and may also affect the treatment of vitiligo. Therefore, after the child has vitiligo, pay attention to these factors as much as possible in daily life, develop a good lifestyle, and learn to rest properly is the more important result. The appearance of vitiligo disease has no relationship with the age of the patient, but the chance of appearing in the child’s body is relatively large. Therefore, after the child has vitiligo, try to treat it as early as possible, and do the relevant care at the same time to make yourself sleep enough, and remember to correct your bad eating habits to strengthen the body’s immunity. Only then can we better care for vitiligo disease and let the condition return to normal more quickly.

Hu Guisheng: The care of patients with multiple myeloma, these family members must not miss

Assistant Hu Guisheng WeChat: dd326751 Speaking of blood diseases, many people think of leukemia. Indeed, compared with leukemia, multiple myeloma sounds like a “niche”. But in fact, the incidence of multiple myeloma has exceeded leukemia, becoming the second largest malignant tumor of the blood system. Multiple myeloma has a short life span. The problem is that the recurrence and metastasis cause important organs to be occupied by cancer cells. In addition, the body’s immunity is very poor, and it cannot resist the invasion of cancer cells, which accelerates death. Therefore, for multiple myeloma, the focus is on improving symptoms. Although treatment is essential, effective care is also essential in the face of relapse. Let’s take a look at some basic nursing common sense for multiple myeloma.   1. Generally, the life span of patients under the treatment of traditional chemotherapy can reach 3 to 5 years. We all know that chemotherapy is a kind of treatment that “kills the enemy by 1,000 and damages by 800”. It will also damage normal immune cells during the treatment of multiple myeloma. Therefore, it is necessary to increase white blood cells and enhance immunity after chemotherapy treatment. It is recommended to eat more nutritious and easily digestible diets, such as chicken soup, fish soup, bone soup, etc. You can also eat some tonics, but in moderation.   2. The patient’s psychological care is very important in the treatment of the disease. According to different psychological periods of myeloma patients, different nursing measures are adopted to give the patients sincere and effective help and let the patients maintain a good attitude.  3. Patients with multiple myeloma can easily cause respiratory infections, pneumonia and urinary tract infections, so patients should keep the room clean and the temperature is appropriate to avoid other infections from catching cold. For elderly people with disabilities, they should turn over regularly.   4. The symptoms of bone pain seriously affect the life of patients with multiple myeloma. It is recommended that family members create a comfortable sleeping environment for patients, actively help patients to divert attention, and also need to prevent fractures.

What are the misunderstandings caused by vitiligo?

   The treatment process of vitiligo has a longer period because of its chronic skin disease. If the misunderstanding of vitiligo cannot be avoided, it will only increase the burden and difficulty of vitiligo treatment, and waste time and energy, causing more serious psychological problems. So, what are the misunderstandings that caused vitiligo not cured?    First, only pay attention to external medicines    Some patients feel that there are white spots on the skin surface of vitiligo, and apply external medicines to the white spots, but this is not correct. There are many causes of vitiligo, most of which may be caused by endocrine or immune system problems. Therefore, the treatment of vitiligo needs to follow the guidance of a doctor, and then personalized treatment for different causes, conditions and patients’ specific conditions. Better control the spread and recovery of vitiligo.  Second, want quick treatment  After discovering the development of leukoplakia, many patients with vitiligo will be very anxious. In order to quickly cure vitiligo, they can use any method, and they will not care about the negative effects that may be produced after the random use of drug treatment methods. In fact, the treatment of vitiligo varies from person to person, some people may see the effect after a week of treatment, but some may take a month or more, and require symptomatic treatment to see the effect.   3. Failure to do good care    Vitiligo care is more important. Because of the lack of understanding of the importance of vitiligo care, there are also many patients who cause disease spread, so patients should avoid various unfavorable life factors and environmental factors, try to eat as many beneficial foods as the doctor orders, and reduce some irritation 1. Foods rich in vitamin C, develop good habits, actively exercise the body, enhance self-immunity, and make treatment more effective.   Treatment of vitiligo needs to be carried out under the guidance of a doctor. Blind use of drugs other than those prescribed by the doctor is not allowed. Vitiligo develops and spreads. If the wrong decision is caused by a momentary delay, it is not worthwhile to treat vitiligo. After the discovery of vitiligo and leukoplakia, it is necessary to go to the hospital for symptomatic treatment in time, so as not to delay the serious development of the disease.

628 International Epilepsy Day, young epilepsy patients and their families should pay attention to education

&nbsp.&nbsp. June 28, 2020, is the 14th “International Epilepsy Care Day”. This year’s care day theme is determined to be “concerned about epilepsy patients on campus”, aiming at the misunderstanding of epilepsy existing on campus And discrimination, call on society, schools, students and parents to give students with epilepsy a normal learning environment so that they can enjoy equal opportunities to receive education. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Epilepsy is a disease that harms the physical and mental health of patients. It has the characteristics of intermittent seizures and long-term cure. An epilepsy patient often brings a near-destructive blow to a family. Due to the characteristics of intermittent seizures that cause headaches for many patients and their families, the activities of epilepsy patients are also restricted. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Epilepsy patients are not allowed to do some activities, but they must be selective. Family members of epilepsy patients often restrict their activities. Basically, they do not allow epilepsy patients to go out and participate in some sports activities. Epilepsy patients also lose their freedom because of epilepsy diseases. Especially young patients with epilepsy need to complete more family and social responsibilities. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.Epilepsy is very harmful to people, mainly including the following points: (1) damage to brain function: each time the seizure occurs, the brain cells are damaged once, long-term Of epilepsy, the patient will decline in intelligence and gradually lose his ability to work or even live. (2) Accidental casualties: Because of epilepsy, regardless of time, place, environment and self-control, it can suddenly fall to the ground, prone to falls, burns, drowning, and traffic accidents. (3) Psychological trauma: The frequent occurrence of epilepsy affects the patient’s employment, marriage, and family life. Therefore, the mental activity of patients with epilepsy is suppressed, and the physical and mental health is greatly affected. (4) Long-term antiepileptic drug treatment often has side effects such as thickened gums, hairiness, rough skin, unresponsiveness, poor mental health, impaired liver function, and decreased white blood cells, and even more, it will have an impact on intelligence, etc. Therefore, patients often have difficulty in taking medication. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. According to a survey by the World Health Organization in China, there are currently only about 2,000 patients undergoing epilepsy surgery each year, and about 1.5 million patients need epilepsy surgery. Therefore, it is very important to comprehensively evaluate the condition of patients with epilepsy and provide appropriate surgical treatment for patients with “refractory epilepsy” if necessary. Some people say that epilepsy is a hell hunter who beats the soul, just a passer-by, who can’t beat the people waiting for the light. Therefore, in the years of fighting epilepsy, crossing obstacles and fighting to the end will finally usher in light! During the struggle, you may encounter misunderstandings and discrimination from others, and you may also take a detour, but as long as you receive regular treatment, most patients’ conditions can be controlled and cured. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. At this time, it is especially important to correctly understand epilepsy-related knowledge, master the daily management and treatment of epilepsy, and improve the medical quality and family life quality of epilepsy patients. On the arrival of the fourteenth “International Epilepsy Care Day”, Professor Wang Chao of the Epilepsy Center of Tangdu Hospital will hold a series of multi-disciplinary epilepsy live lessons to teach the relevant knowledge of popular epilepsy treatment to the majority of patients and let them get free of authority experts Diagnosis and treatment consulting services to enhance their confidence in fighting diseases.

Shi Shurong: How to care for children with aplastic anemia and fungal infection?

Shi Shurong Studio WeChat xyk261 acute aplastic aplastic negative blood is bone marrow stem cell disease. It is currently believed that its pathogenesis is related to immune function, and the use of adrenal cortex hormones to stimulate the restoration of bone marrow hematopoietic function is currently an effective method for the treatment of acute aplastic anemia. At the same time, supportive treatment is an important link that cannot be ignored in the treatment of ATG, including patients must live in isolation rooms, there should be no fever or infection during treatment, strict oral, skin, and perineal care, oral intestinal tract does not absorb antibiotics, enter no Bacteria diet, through blood transfusion and platelet transfusion, the patient’s hemoglobin reaches 80g/L or more, and the platelet is maintained at 20*10^9/or more. In order to reduce the adverse reactions of ATG, it is necessary to use adrenal cortex hormones for 1 month. The application of a large number of broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs can cause dysbiosis in the body, and pathogenic bacteria such as fungi take advantage of the deficiency and cause fungal infections. In addition, patients with severe aplastic anemia have a long period of agranulocytosis, and treatment requires long-term application of immunosuppressive agents, as well as the use of androgen and other drugs that damage liver function, and patients are prone to fungal infections. Once a fungal infection of the lungs occurs, it is difficult to achieve the desired therapeutic effect. Therefore, timely, safe, and effective antifungal treatment and care are essential. Amphotericin is currently the standard treatment for invasive fungal infections. Amphotericin B liposomes for injection, mainly by combining ergosterol on the fungal cell membrane, change the permeability of the membrane, so that the outflow of substances in the cell causes the fungus to die. Similarly, amphotericin can also bind to sterols on human cell membranes and damage normal human cells. Common toxic and side effects of amphotericin in clinical are: chills, high fever, and nausea. Vomiting, intractable hypokalemia, impaired liver and kidney function, etc. However, B can be improved after treatment with potassium supplements, antiemetic drugs, anti-emetic, liver and kidney treatment. Therefore, amphotericin B liposomes are still the first choice for the treatment of invasive fungal infections in China. If used properly, their side effects can be tolerated. However, due to fungal infection in children with severe acute aplastic anemia, the onset of the disease is rapid, the disease progresses rapidly, and the mortality rate is high. At this time, high-quality nursing services are particularly important. It can not only reduce the suffering of patients, but also prevent the occurrence of complications, and play an important role in rescuing patients and prolonging the lives of patients with acute aplastic anemia: 1. In the acute phase, the patient strictly rests in bed, reduces physical and mental stimulation, and keeps the patient in a quiet and comfortable environment. 2. Pay attention to dietary choices: It is advisable to choose foods that are high in protein, rich in vitamins, and easily digestible. 3. Actively observe changes in the child’s condition: regularly observe the blood, pay attention to the skin and mouth of the whole body, whether there is bleeding in the nasal cavity, whether the body temperature is elevated, etc. 4. Encourage the patient to actively talk and find out the cause of anxiety: When nursing the patient, actively ask the patient about any discomfort, let the patient talk about inner conflicts and depression, the nurse should listen carefully, and express understanding and sympathy. Tell the patient that he is in anxiety state, help analyze the causes, discuss the solutions, and explain the adverse consequences of long-term anxiety to the children and their families. 5. Improve the understanding of the disease: tell patients and their families that acute aplastic anemia can cause damage to hematopoietic cells and bone marrow hematopoietic failure due to various reasons. 6. Pay attention to good psychological care, medical staff should care about the patient, encourage the patient to build up the confidence to overcome the disease, do a careful and patient interpretation work, so that the patient actively cooperates with the treatment and nursing work. The medication and nursing of children with severe aplastic anemia during the fungal infection period are very important. As a terminal nurse, we should strictly grasp the efficacy and adverse reactions of drugs. Family members and children understand the relevant knowledge of the disease and actively cooperate with treatment , To achieve the desired treatment and nursing effects.