The principle of adding baby food supplement? How to add the most safe and healthy?

Generally, supplementary foods are added when the baby is six months old, and it is necessary to follow the important principle from a small amount to a large amount, from thin to thick, from thin to thick. Every time you add new food, you need to add it in the same way. It needs to be observed for 3-5 days. If the baby is not uncomfortable, you can continue to add it. If you add discomfort or allergic reactions during the addition of new food, such as Rash, vomiting, diarrhea, etc., should stop feeding this kind of food in time. When the food supplement is just added, you need to choose some rice noodles rich in iron, and then gradually increase it to such foods as vegetable puree, fruit puree, meat puree and rotten noodles. Add complementary foods to your baby, and you must have multiple elements, including both meat and fruits and vegetables. If you let your baby eat only a single food, it will make the baby develop a habit of picky eating and partial eating.

Scientific vaccination to improve disease resistance

Children with antibodies from the mother within 6 months of birth are generally less susceptible to infectious diseases. This kind of antibody protection from the mother is called passive immunity. After 6 months, the antibody from the mother in the child is gradually reduced, and the antibody produced by the child is very small, so the resistance is the worst at this time, and there is a high possibility of infection. So, how can you improve your baby’s immunity? Vaccination allows your baby to produce its own antibodies, which is a method to deal with various infectious diseases, called active immunization. The importance of vaccination: Without vaccination, once infected with the disease will seriously endanger the health of the child, and even cause life-long disabilities and death. Therefore, vaccination should be carried out on schedule. After birth, the baby should be vaccinated according to the planned immunization sequence. Parents must pay attention to take the child to be vaccinated on time. Are there any adverse reactions to vaccination? After the child is vaccinated, the body is stimulated by foreign antigens, which will produce an immune response, which is inevitable and beneficial. If the fever is below 38℃ after inoculation, generally no treatment is needed, and it will return to normal after 1-2 days. Some babies have redness or induration at the injection site, which is also a common adverse reaction, and generally does not require special treatment. It will subside after a few days. What should children pay attention to when taking vaccination? 1&nbsp.&nbsp. should be carried out when the child is in good health. Suspension of vaccination while being sick; 2&nbsp.&nbsp. The body temperature should be measured before vaccination. If there is fever, the vaccination should be postponed, and the injection should be suspended before the full recovery of health. 3&nbsp.&nbsp. After vaccination, do not take a bath that day, nor let your child get too tired. 4&nbsp.&nbsp. Allergic constitution should be explained to the doctor. 5&nbsp.&nbsp. Individual children may have a high fever after vaccination, please ask the doctor to see and give symptomatic treatment. Which children cannot be vaccinated temporarily? If your child has a fever, suffers from acute infectious diseases, asthma, rubella, eczema, or other diseases, such as heart disease, nephritis, and hepatitis, do not vaccinate temporarily. Don’t take polio sugar pills when your child has diarrhea. You can’t eat it until two weeks after getting sick. Children with seizures whose seizures have not been controlled, and children with a history of drug allergies, need to be evaluated by a doctor to decide whether to vaccinate.

What should a “doctor who can see a doctor” look like?

To give an example of a baby fever, the baby is 10 months old, has fever for 6 hours without cause, the highest body temperature is 39 ℃, after taking an antipyretic medicine, the condition after the fever is good, the parents are a little worried to see the doctor, want to check the blood routine, I want to listen to the doctor’s opinion even more. If you are a doctor, what should you do? First of all, I will ask about the medical history in detail, carefully examine the body, take about 2-5 minutes, explain the principle of fever in easy-to-understand words and parents, consider the cause of the disease in combination with the situation of this episode, and then, based on the feedback from the parents Usually, the parents’ consultation is divided into the following three situations: 1. Believe in the obedient type. The basic emotions of these parents are stable and not easy to be anxious. In the next step, they can listen to the doctor’s advice very carefully and have good execution. For example, the doctor suggested that the baby has a short onset time, good mental state, no comorbid symptoms, and no blood test for the time being. He can better follow the doctor’s instructions and prefer to communicate with the doctor when the condition changes. 2. Question the irritability type. Such parents are prone to anxiety and irritability. They are subjectively unwilling to trust the doctor. They often question the doctor’s diagnosis and treatment plan. They do not cooperate with the doctor’s recommendations. They often accept some relatives because they are eager to pursue the “heat fever result”. “Excessive diagnosis and treatment”, so it is common to check blood routine on the first day of fever. 3, entangled hesitation type, this type of parents began to trust the doctor, but when dealing with certain links, once he heard the pros and cons of the doctor, he became hesitant, such as the doctor said that the current blood test routine, the onset time is short, the condition is good, and the baby It may not cooperate with crying, and the reference of blood test is not significant, but this is in conflict with the previous blood test routine check blood routine, worrying that the failure to check may delay the child’s condition, and the test is afraid of being “over-diagnosed”, so Often they are very entangled, and they are worried until they see a doctor. When the baby gets better, they will be happy, and when the baby gets worse, they will regret it, and even violently. Secretly speaking, this type of parents is the most. Therefore, the doctor must fully communicate with the parents during the consultation, and jointly determine the diagnosis and treatment plan, so as to give recommendations that maximize the interests of the client. It is also the essence of evidence-based medicine and the “doctor who will see the doctor.” Because for doctors, time is the most valuable.

When there is too little amniotic fluid, how can the fetus stay safely in the womb?

Abnormal amniotic fluid not only refers to too much amniotic fluid, but also includes too little amniotic fluid. The incidence rate is 0.4-4%. Too little amniotic fluid may seriously affect the prognosis of the baby. When the amniotic fluid volume is less than 50ml, the baby’s mortality rate can be Up to 88%. What is oligohydramnios? In late pregnancy, if the amount of amniotic fluid is less than 300ml, it is too little amniotic fluid. During the ultrasound examination, if the maximum dark area depth of the amniotic fluid is 2cm or less, it is too little amniotic fluid. If it is 1cm or less, it is too much amniotic fluid. If the amniotic fluid index is measured, it is 5cm or less. too little. What causes oligohydramnios? The occurrence of oligohydramnios is mainly due to the fact that the production of amniotic fluid is reduced and the leakage is increased. Not all oligohydramnios can find the cause. There are some common reasons: 1. Abnormalities of the baby itself, such as Structural abnormalities of the urinary system, chromosomal abnormalities, umbilical bulging, tetralogy of Fallot, hypothyroidism, growth restriction, etc. 2. Decreased placental function, expired pregnancy, placental aging, etc. may cause decreased placental function, leading to amniotic fluid production cut back. 3. Fetal membrane lesions, if there is inflammation, infection, etc. in the fetal membrane, the permeability changes will cause the production of amniotic fluid to be reduced, the fetal membrane will rupture, and the leakage rate of amniotic fluid is greater than the generation speed, which will also cause too little amniotic fluid. 4. Factors related to pregnant mothers, high blood pressure during pregnancy and certain immune diseases will reduce placental blood flow, resulting in reduced amniotic fluid production, if pregnant mothers are bleeding and dehydrated, the blood volume is insufficient, or taking certain drugs with anti-diuretic effects, It may cause oligohydramnios. What are the symptoms of oligohydramnios? Too little amniotic fluid generally does not have obvious symptoms, but too little amniotic fluid is often accompanied by the growth restriction of the baby, so the pregnant mother may feel that the abdomen is not as big as other pregnant women of the same gestational week. Due to the lack of amniotic fluid, the pregnant mother feels the baby’s fetal movement It will be more obvious. When the baby is moving, the pregnant mother may feel abdominal discomfort. In addition, reduced placental function is often accompanied by reduced fetal movement. If it is a pregnant mother with premature rupture of membranes, clear liquid will flow out of the vagina. What is the impact of too little amniotic fluid? If there is too little amniotic fluid, the fatality rate of the baby will increase significantly. Mild amniotic fluid will increase the fatality rate by 14 times, while severe oligohydramnios, the fatality rate will increase by as much as 47 times. The cause of the baby’s death is mostly the abnormal structure of the baby and the lack of baby. oxygen. If oligohydramnios occurs early in pregnancy, the fetal membrane adheres closely to the baby’s carcass, which will hinder the baby’s normal growth and development, resulting in structural abnormalities, and even lack of limbs. If oligohydramnios occurs in the middle and late pregnancy, the pressure of the uterus directly affects Babies may cause musculoskeletal deformities, such as hand and foot deformities and torticollis. In addition, too little amniotic fluid is often accompanied by growth restriction, and even fetal death occurs. For pregnant mothers, too little amniotic fluid may increase the chance of surgical delivery and induction of labor. What should I do if there is too little amniotic fluid? If there is too little amniotic fluid and the baby has severe structural abnormalities, the pregnancy should be terminated as soon as possible. If the amniotic fluid is too low but the baby is normal, it is necessary to actively find the cause, and dynamically monitor the baby’s condition in the uterus through ultrasound measurement of amniotic fluid volume, fetal biophysical score, fetal monitoring, umbilical artery S/D ratio and so on. For those who have been full-term and the baby can survive outside the uterus, the pregnancy must be terminated in time. If the fetus is distressed, or if there is little amniotic fluid and severe fecal infection after rupture of the membrane, and the childbirth cannot be delivered in a short period of time, the cesarean section should be terminated. Pregnancy. If the fetal reserve function is good and there is no obvious hypoxia, you can try vaginal delivery, but you must pay close attention to the progress of the labor process and changes in the fetal heart during the entire delivery process. If the amniotic fluid is caused by premature rupture of membranes, it should be treated according to the treatment method of premature rupture of membranes. For babies with no full-term and mature fetal lungs, you can prolong the gestational week under close monitoring. At the same time, carry out symptomatic treatment for the cause and prepare for the baby to give birth in advance. The gestational age and intrauterine conditions prevail. In case of termination of pregnancy.

Brother Dong said that the baby is prone to constipation, can you eat probiotics?

“The baby has been constipated recently, and there are many kinds of complementary foods that don’t work.” “My baby usually drinks a lot of water, how can it cause constipation?” “I heard that eating probiotics can improve constipation. Has your baby ever eaten?” … Speaking of “probiotics”, many mothers must be very familiar, especially after the child has constipation, the first thing many parents think of is to add probiotics to their children. (Source: Qianku.com) But are probiotics really so magical? Can children eat probiotics? Probiotics Big Secret 01 What are probiotics? Probiotics are living bacteria that are beneficial to the human body and can help maintain the balance of intestinal flora structure, improve the body’s immunity, promote the absorption of nutrients, and improve the body’s antioxidant level. In 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined probiotics as “when giving sufficient quantities of live microorganisms, it has a beneficial effect on the health of the host.” (Source: Qianku.net) Probiotics sound so good, then the baby is constipated Is it really possible to eat casually? First of all, parents need to understand whether the child is really constipated? “Constipation” is actually a situation often encountered by parents during the childcare process. (Source: Qianku.com) Some parents believe that children who are not defecating for one day are constipated. But in fact, as long as the child has a normal diet and normal body development, does not have a bowel movement every day, or has two bowel movements a day, it is normal. If the child does not have bowel movements for more than three days, the stool is relatively dry, or even blood in the stool, then the child’s bowel function is abnormal, and external intervention is required. 02 Is it useful for constipation to eat probiotics? For this part of the child, it is okay to supplement it properly. However, children are also limited in taking probiotics. If they take it for about half a month, if there is no effect, it is recommended to stop it. And there are many types of probiotics, so moms should never add them to their children at will. If your baby has constipation, be sure to listen to a professional doctor for supplementation. For babies who are exclusively breastfed, there is usually no need to worry about constipation and no additional probiotics. The process of baby’s breast milk can help establish normal intestinal flora. (Source: Qianku.com) Some parents often give them to children because they have heard that probiotics can help boost immunity. But in fact, for children who can eat normally and have regular bowel movements, there is no need to add additional probiotics. Excessive use of probiotics may also affect the development of the baby’s own immune system, resulting in the baby’s dependence on probiotics. Interaction Today: Does your baby often have constipation? How do you respond? Welcome to leave a comment in the comment area.

Shampoo | Baby and infant care must pay attention to this!

In layman’s terms: the newborn’s skin has a strong ability to absorb external substances, and the absorption rate of good and bad substances is high. Therefore, children should choose shampoos with low irritation, weak acidity, and tear-free formula. When choosing products, remember to see if the shampoo bottle carries the tear-free formula mark. Why must choose the tearless formula? The ingredients of “Tearless Formula” are not in the form of ions. Their molecular size is large, they will not penetrate the eyes and skin, and they are not charged. Therefore, the pH value is neutral, gentle and non-irritating. Due to its large molecular surface area, it can contact the skin in a larger area, which can not only clean the skin but also protect the skin during washing. Newborn babies may have thick, brownish, slightly greasy scabs on their scalp. This is a scab, a scientific name for scalp scabs, which often occurs on 0-4 month old babies. The reason for the formation of this scab is because the neonatal sebaceous glands are strong, and secretions and dust gather together to form a scab. This scab is not a disease and will not harm the baby’s health. If the baby has this problem, do not pull the scab by hand to avoid hurting the baby’s delicate scalp, just apply baby oil or camellia oil thickly to the scab, and then gently clean it with clean gauze and special baby bath products. can. Here is to emphasize the preparations for washing the baby’s hair: close the doors and windows to ensure that the room is windless, keep the room temperature, 24-26 degrees is the best. Before bathing the baby, wash your hands carefully, the water temperature is suitable, you can first use your arm elbow to test the water temperature, or use a thermometer to measure 37 degrees. Precautions for washing your baby’s hair 1. Put your baby on your arm with your face facing you, and hold your baby’s head with your palm in a slightly inclined state. 2. With two fingers, fold your baby’s earlobe to prevent water from entering your baby’s ear. 3. Take a small amount of shampoo in your right hand, gently massage to cleanse the scalp, rinse or wipe the shampoo. 4. Shampooing time should not be too long to prevent the baby from getting cold when the water temperature becomes cold. 5. You can’t use a hair dryer after washing, it is better to cover your baby’s head with a dry towel to absorb water. I hope that this period of shampoo science can help you novice parents, pay attention to me and learn more about hair.

Does it matter if the gap between baby’s deciduous teeth becomes larger? How did it come about?

Does it matter if the gap between baby’s deciduous teeth becomes larger? How did it come about? The gap between the baby’s deciduous teeth is actually due to the normal development of the jawbone, because the number and size of the teeth are unchanged. If the jawbone is developing, the gap will gradually increase, and parents should not worry too much. &nbsp. Moreover, it is a good phenomenon to have a physiological gap between the deciduous teeth of the baby. If there is no gap or the gap is small, it should be taken seriously. Because the permanent teeth are much larger than the deciduous teeth, if the baby’s jaw does not develop enough and the gap is not enough, after the permanent teeth grow out later, there may be crowded dentition and erupted teeth. Therefore, parents should usually give their babies coarse grains and coarse fiber food to develop their jaws.

I hope that the children can learn smart, experts say that they should let TA play these three small games

&nbsp. Xiaojia heard a burst of laughter from the baby in the bedroom. Curious, she pushed open the door and was confused by the scene in front of her. I didn’t know whether to laugh or scold: I saw the bed, the floor, and the full The paper towels in the room were flying around, and her dear husband was still pulling out the paper towels from the tissue box happily and non-stop, and threw them out. The baby girl, watching the old father’s strenuous “performance”, not only smiled very much at the venue, but also waved his hands to applaud the father from time to time, and he also tried to grab a few pieces of paper to play with. Xiao Jia is messed up: “Are you performing “Jun Fei Xue”? Are you going to run out of paper towels at home? Do you want me to give you more boxes to play with?” “Heroic”, Xiaojia’s husband quickly stopped and explained: “I just found out by accident that the baby likes to use paper towels to play, you see! She has a lot of fun. Qianjin is hard to buy a smile!” “You can play something else , Why play such a paper-wasting game. The baby is now more and more flexible, as long as it is a hands-on mini-game, she will like it very much. Do more hands-on mini-games, the baby will be smarter. Hurry, start Think hard, think about it.” Xiao Jia leaned over to pick up the tissue and started to clean up the room, while nagging with her husband. Xiaojia made a very reasonable point. As the so-called “smart hand”, through appropriate games, exercise the baby’s hand fine movements, while the hand skills continue to improve, it is more related to the baby’s brain development and cognitive development. 1. Exercise more fine movements of the hands, the baby is smarter. Fine movements are mainly hand grasping (such as pinching, holding, twisting, tearing, pushing, grasping, scraping, dialing, patting, shaking, etc.) and hand-eye coordination, because fine movements require recognition of the baby’s hand-eye coordination, memory, intuition, etc. A coordinated movement involving many areas of knowledge has an impact on promoting the development of infants’ cognitive abilities and the growth and development of the nervous system. The first year of a child’s birth is a critical year for fine motor development. A famous pediatrician in Japan said that “actively using both hands to sharpen the tactile sense of fingers is an important stimulus to promote brain development”. 2. Hands-on games recommended for babies (1) Six months after pulling the tissue box baby, the understanding of the persistence of objects will gradually increase. They will look for things that are “hidden”. For example, TA will like you to hide your cats. If you see a favorite toy under the blanket, they will also open the blanket to find the toy. Xiaojia’s daughter became interested in the tissue in the tissue box because of this. However, we can change the way. You can put some items (such as cloth, colored paper, balls, small blocks) in the empty tissue box in front of the baby, and then let the baby take out these things independently. (B) Cut and Cut It has a variety of simulated fruits and vegetables or other physical styles, which are glued together by Velcro/Magnet and can be cut with a simulated knife. 1. You can first try to let the baby hold the fruit in both hands, because the two petals of the fruit are sticky and will provide some resistance, which can exercise the flexibility of the baby’s hands and the stability of the shoulders. As your baby’s age increases, you will be pleased to find that their strength to break fruit is getting stronger and faster. 2. With the improvement of the ability of the baby’s hands, we can teach her to cut the fruit: hold the fruit in one hand, hold the knife in one hand, aim at the seam between the vegetables and fruits, and then use appropriate strength to cut the vegetables. At the beginning, the coordination of the hands could not keep up, or was not aligned, and occasionally parents needed help to correct it. Through continuous trial and adjustment, the baby learns to “cut”, develops the coordination of hands and hand-eye coordination, and understands the concepts of whole and part. (3) Finger food The so-called finger food refers to any food that can be picked up by hand. When the baby eats complementary foods, introduce finger foods in a timely manner, and let the children themselves exercise (pinch) the food and put it in the mouth to better exercise the baby’s chewing ability, finger movement ability, hand-eye coordination ability and fine movement. In addition, the addition of finger food can reduce the possibility of baby picky eating, let the baby enjoy the eating process more, and lay the foundation for the transition to voluntary eating. 1. The original finger food is the finger food similar to molar biscuits. It must be soft in texture, melt in the mouth, and not easily cause choking. It is also best to facilitate the baby to grind with the gums when swallowing. 2. After the baby has adapted to these foods, it can be cut to size

What should I do if my baby vomits milk? Many mothers are wrong in the first step! Have a quick look at you?

&nbsp. Appointed to go to her house. Entering the door, she saw her holding her baby and walking gently in the room. The baby’s eyes were confused, as if she was going to sleep in the next second. Ming Ming nodded towards me, begging me to sit next to it for a while. “Ah! Quickly, draw me some paper towels!” I cried before I even sat down. It turned out that the baby was vomiting milk. “My little ancestor eh, I’m about to fall asleep, why did I suddenly vomit?” She said that she took the natural hurry and changed the baby from a horizontal hug to a vertical hug. The child’s back. It can be seen that as a novice mother is obviously a little flustered, and I quickly rushed over to relieve the situation: “Dear, don’t worry. The baby is normal to spit milk, you can see that he is not crying, it means nothing uncomfortable. But you don’t want it next time Hold the child upright immediately. Come, let me help you.” The baby’s body is not fully mature, spitting milk is a common behavior, and it is also a problem encountered by many Bao Da Bao Bao moms, generally do not need to worry about it . However, when babies spit milk, they must pay attention to the methods and methods. It is not a correct demonstration to immediately hold the baby upright like this. So what should the baby do to spit milk? 1. Don’t hold your arms immediately, observe first. The most fearful thing about spitting milk is that when the milk flows back from the esophagus to the throat, it accidentally enters the trachea at the moment of inhalation, causing a strong reflex, causing the baby to cough, which is choking milk. The baby’s nervous system has just developed, and some reflexes are still weak. When the baby chokes milk, if the parents still hold them upright, the milk will not only be coughed out easily, but may also choke into the baby’s lungs, causing choking more serious. And severe choking may endanger the baby’s life safety. Therefore, when babies spit milk, they must first observe whether there is choking milk. 2. If there is no choking milk, do this: under normal circumstances, mild spilling and spitting milk, usually the baby will adjust the breathing and swallowing movements themselves, there is no danger of inhalation of the trachea, mom and dad only need to use the spit milk in time Wipe off the clean gauze and observe its breathing closely. 3. The baby choked on milk. Do this: If the baby just coughed gently, parents can hold the baby sideways, and then let the baby turn his face to the side, help him pat the back, and let the milk flow out from the corner of the mouth. Then help the baby clean the mouth and check the nostrils at the same time. If there are also nostrils, you need to clean them with a cotton swab. If your baby coughs badly, or even suffers from poor breathing or a sudden change of face, it may be that the milk has choked into the trachea. At this time, the mother must not panic. You can let the baby lie on the mother’s lap and increase the back of the back. Strength, let the milk flow out first. Or pinch to stimulate the sole of the foot, make the child feel pain and cry or cough, which is helpful for the baby to cough up the milk in the trachea and ease breathing. If the above methods cannot be relieved, the baby appears purple or suffocated, and immediately dial 120 for help at the same time of self-help. 4. Is it normal for the baby to spit milk? Generally speaking, it is normal for babies to spit milk. It does not matter as long as the baby gains weight and is in a good state of mind. The amount of milk spit out is usually “excess” milk, which will not cause insufficient intake, so parents need not worry. Most babies are six or seven months old. After learning to sit up straight, they no longer spit milk. However, if the baby spit milk with abnormal performance: such as painful expression, inability to appease, refuse to eat, weight loss (no significant increase), back arch (especially during eating), and choking, coughing or vomiting while eating, etc. It is necessary to consider whether the baby has other diseases of the digestive tract and needs medical treatment to confirm the diagnosis. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward a lot of messages, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My science, science content is my personal point of view, for reference only, has nothing to do with my employer. If my science content is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.

Hu Guisheng: What are the symptoms of baby thalassemia?

Hu Guisheng Assistant WeChat: dd326751 Source: From WeChat public account [Hu Guisheng Studio] Pediatric thalassemia is referred to as pediatric thalassemia, also known as marine anemia. Because it is caused by a defect in the globin gene, it is professionally called “globin production disorder anemia.” The disease is hereditary, and the cause of the disease is simply a genetic defect in Hb’s globin, which leads to obstacles in the synthesis of the corresponding globin chain, resulting in changes in the composition of hemoglobin and ultimately anemia. The clinical condition of most patients is chronic progressive hemolytic anemia. The regions with higher incidence rates abroad are Southeast Asia and the Mediterranean coast, and the southern provinces of China are Gui, Yue, Qiong, Shu, and Chongqing, while the incidence rates in the north are lower.  Baby is a child just born, can be called a baby. It can be said that the parents of the baby are caring, and they are afraid of falling in their mouths and holding them in their hands, and they are afraid of falling. The kind of love is more powerful than loving yourself. The baby will attach great importance to a little problem. The disease, that is, what will happen to the baby of thalassemia.   Thalassaemia is different from general anemia. General anemia is only occasionally dizzy, but thalassemia will affect the baby’s growth and development. If the baby has had thalassemia just after birth, it is mainly due to genetic factors, so it will cause thalassemia. Babies with thalassemia need to receive treatment in time, otherwise it will have a great impact on the baby.   1. The first symptom of a baby with thalassemia is anemia, which is the most common symptom. Babies with thalassemia will look pale and malnourished. In the future life, parents should take good care of the baby, otherwise the baby’s physical health will be greatly affected.   2. The baby’s body will be weaker. Compared with other normal babies, the baby with thalassemia will be weaker. Once cold, there will be symptoms of cold and fever.   2. The baby will have abnormal digestive system. The baby with thalassemia has a different digestive system than other babies. The baby with thalassemia often suffers from abdominal pain and diarrhea, mainly because the patient’s digestive system is affected.   3. Thalassaemia babies will also have developmental delay, and the absorption ability of thalassemia babies will also be affected. Mainly because anemia affects the patient’s growth and development, once this happens, it still needs to be treated with drugs, otherwise the child’s physical health will be greatly affected.  These are some of the symptoms related to thalassemia. Once a thalassemia baby is born, the body will be greatly affected, and the immunity will be relatively low. The problem of thalassemia is more complicated and requires treatment for a longer time, which may be accompanied by the child for life. It is recommended that couples check their bodies before preparing for pregnancy, so as to prevent the appearance of thalassemia.

It is easy for babies to gain weight and have dental caries after drinking juice! How to make him fall in love with drinking water with these 5 tricks

&nbsp. Yesterday after returning home from get off work, she met her friend Xiaoya in the atrium garden of the community. She was sitting on a stone chair, watching her son, who was more than 2 years old, playing with friends. I haven’t seen her for a while, so I walked over to chat with her for a while. It didn’t take long for her son to run straight over with sweat: “Mom, I want to drink water.” “Here, this is the pear water that my grandmother just cooked. After sweating so much, drink more.” My friend gave The child said when he handed the kettle. The children grunted, drank a little and a half of the water two or three times, then wiped their mouths and ran away with satisfaction. “My mother-in-law often cooked pear water with a little sweetness. He liked it very much.” When the friend put away the kettle, he casually mentioned it. “Does he usually drink boiled water?” I asked. “He’s fine now, boiled water has no taste, he doesn’t like to drink. So, I often squeeze juice, and sometimes use pears, apples and other fruits to boil water for him.” We all know the water importance. As soon as you drink less water, your baby may have yellow urine in a few minutes, and will not be able to pull out the cake or breath. But some babies just don’t like or even hate drinking water. In order to let the child drink a sip of water, the mother can only do all kinds of tricks. Like Xiaoya squeezed juice, have you ever used it? Is it really feasible to use juice instead of plain water? Is there any better way to make children fall in love with drinking water? 1. Juice is not easy to drink. Many mothers may think that juice can not only add enough water, but also rich in vitamins, and has nutritional value. The key is that children also love to drink, so the child’s temperament comes to the child and repels drinking boiled water. This matter is not at heart. Indeed, the juice contains a certain amount of minerals and vitamin C, but fresh fruit loses a lot of nutrients while squeezing juice, such as vitamins, phytochemicals and dietary fiber, but sugar is concentrated and retained When it comes down, it is easy to overdose and induce baby obesity and dental caries. Moreover, juice with high sugar content will make children prematurely addicted to sweetness, bury the hidden dangers of addiction to sweets and picky eaters, and subsequent feeding troubles are endless. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends restricting children under the age of 1 to drink juice, and children over the age of 1 should also drink less. Encouraging children to eat fruit directly is the best way to retain all nutrients. In this way, he can exercise his teeth chewing ability and digestion ability of his stomach. But if you want to use juice to replace plain boiled water, let’s forget it. Let’s think of a way to make children fall in love with drinking water. Second, let the child fall in love with drinking water, try these 5 tricks. First of all, we must emphasize an old common sense. Under normal circumstances, infants and young children 6 months ago do not need extra water; children from 6 months to 1 year old should drink water properly; children above 1 year old should drink water as needed. That is to say, after the baby is 6 months old, start adding supplementary food, we can gradually help him develop a good habit of drinking water. How to do it? 1. Drink plain water from the beginning. Do not feed juice drinks or flavored water prematurely, such as water boiled with fruits and vegetables. They will affect your baby’s taste. Once you accept this flavor, it will be more difficult for your baby to accept plain water. Boiled water is safe, cheap and wholesome, and is the best drink for babies except breast milk. 2. The amount of water is gradually added. At the beginning of the complementary feeding, after eating a little water, the mouth will be more comfortable, so that the baby can understand that drinking water is a natural instinct of the body, and then gradually increase according to the demand. 3. Learn to use cups in time. When the child reaches the age of six months, let the child learn to drink water in a cup in a timely manner. Through half a year of study, the baby will be able to drink water in the cup by himself at the age of one year, and will quit drinking bottles smoothly. 4. Make drinking water fun. Guide your baby to drink water in the game. Adding drinking water into a game is added to the daily game, which is fun and allows your baby to drink water easily. For example, when playing rock-paper-scissors, the loser will have to drink a sip of water and toast together if there is a tie. Take your kids to choose cute and interesting water glasses, kettles, water bottles, drinking straws, and give water appliances roles, stories, or functions, which will make them feel fresh and interesting and like drinking water. 5. Mom and Dad lead by example. The cultivation of any habit, the role of parents is crucial. Parents do not drink beverages and juices in front of their children, but drink boiled water, and each time they make an expression of enjoyment, so that the child has a sense of curiosity, feels that boiled water is delicious, and will naturally accept boiled water slowly

Home has night crying Lang, seven kinds of reasons for crying, three solutions, novice parents know?

&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. “Emperor emperor, emperor emperor, my family has a night crying.” &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. This widely circulated folk song is about a baby who has just passed a hundred days, the easiest I can’t sleep at night. For babies about 3 months old, the sleep time varies from person to person. Most of them sleep about two hours before and after noon. They start to sleep at 8 in the evening and wake up 1-2 times during the night. The situation became night crying Lang. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. This is mainly because, at this time, the baby’s organs such as sensation, touch, hearing, and vision begin to mature, and the baby becomes very sensitive to the external environment, and there is “wind blowing grass” outside. It is difficult to fall asleep, or be awakened during a deep sleep, and it is easy to wake up and cry. A bad baby’s sleep will not only make young parents tired, not to rest well, but more importantly, it will affect the baby’s healthy development and growth. To solve the problem of a baby’s bad sleep, first find the right cause and take the right medicine. There are seven main reasons why a baby sleeps badly. The first reason is that the baby sleeps too much during the day. During the day, many caregivers try to save trouble. When they see the child crying, they coax the child to sleep. During the day, they sleep more. When the baby arrives at night, they are naturally awake and active. The second reason is that the mother’s breast milk is inadequate, the baby’s milk is not enough, or she is thirsty, and she needs milk at night and night. The third reason is that the parents covered the baby too thickly, making the baby uncomfortable, sweating and irritable, and crying to protest. The fourth reason is that the baby’s diaper or diaper gets wet and the baby feels uncomfortable. The fifth reason is the opposite. Parents check their children’s diapers too often to see if the baby is hungry, which interferes with the baby’s sleep. The sixth reason is that the baby is uncomfortable, such as cold, gastrointestinal dysfunction, indigestion, flatulence, intestinal spasm and other abnormal conditions will affect sleep. The seventh reason is the lack of trace elements such as zinc in the baby’s body, which makes him easy to wake up at night. Knowing the reason why the baby is crying at night, parents should be targeted. When the baby is crying at night and refuses to sleep, parents should not hurry to hug and shake the baby, even if this can temporarily work, but in the long run, they will develop a bad habit of only sleeping in the arms of parents. . Not only does it affect the quality of your baby’s sleep, it also makes your mom and dad tired. The best way is to find out the reasons that trouble your baby’s bad sleep, and actively look for countermeasures to eliminate the incentives, the baby’s sleep problems will naturally be solved. You need to say one more word. If your baby is crying continuously, be alert to your baby suffering from intussusception. Babies suffering from intussusception cry differently than at night, crying every 5 minutes or so, and vomiting as soon as they are fed. Some babies will “howl” a few times during the day, or they may be arrogantly losing their temper, and the adults will ignore it. After a while, the babies will stop automatically. Some adults take medicine according to the prescription, and do it in the same way when the baby is crying at night, but they have not achieved good results. Because at night, if you ignore it, it will increase the baby’s negative emotions. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Using caressing to ease the anxiety and loneliness of the baby is a very effective way to cope with night crying. It requires parents and parents to have full patience. The baby is very sensitive to the emotions of parents and parents. Negative emotions will be fully felt by him, which will make the already bad emotions worse, and will make him cry more badly. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. For babies who are restless in sleep, parents and dads need to use full patience and confidence. I believe that as the baby grows up, this trouble will always disappear.

Is it possible for mother-in-law to feed rice to 5-month-old baby? There are three hazards of premature feeding, affecting development

&nbsp. When I was happy to go home that day, I saw my mother-in-law feeding rice to a 5-month-old baby. Rejoicing: “Mom, the baby is still breastfeeding, and your teeth are not growing. It is very bad for your baby to feed rice to your baby so quickly.” Mother-in-law: “Where is there something bad, your husband is feeding like this, You see how happy the baby is, the person is iron, the rice is steel, and the rice grows fast…” Who is right, let’s take a look: First, how old can the baby eat rice? Breastfeeding starts to add rice after 6 months. If it is artificial feeding or mixed feeding, you can consider adding it from 4 months. The best choice for the first oral supplement is the commercially available high-speed baby rice flour, which is muddy . Note that if you don’t add iron-rich supplements in time, your baby will be prone to iron-deficiency anemia. The consequences will be more serious and will easily affect nutrition and intelligent development. In addition, it is important to remind that you should never choose your own rice paste made of rice, but buy commercially available baby rice noodles, preferably the original flavor. After 8 months, you can gradually transition to a thicker thick porridge and make some minced pork porridge or minced pork noodles. After 1 year old, you can try soft rice, which is significantly softer than what we eat. It is not recommended for babies to try adult rice. After 2 years old, you can try rice close to adults, but still not too hard. In terms of quantity, taking a 250-300 ml bowl as a reference, it can be gradually increased from 1/4 bowl, half bowl, to one bowl. Second, it is not recommended that babies eat rice prematurely, there are the following three hazards. 1. Increase the gastrointestinal burden of the baby. When there are no teeth, the parents will eat rice for the baby. Then the baby will not be able to chew the food and will swallow the whole rice into the stomach, which will cause gastrointestinal burden. 2. If the nutrition is not enough Feeding rice to the baby early will seriously affect the baby’s appetite, the amount of breast milk that the baby eats will be reduced, so the nutrients in the baby’s body will be lost, affecting the baby’s health. 3. To increase the risk that the baby is not fully capable of chewing food, the parents will forcefully feed the rice, which is likely to cause the baby to choked, hurt the baby’s mouth and stomach, and even face the risk of being stuck in the throat, so eat prematurely Rice will increase the risk of your baby. 3. How to add? 1. Food should be diversified The types of meals should be diversified, so that the baby can try as many types of food as possible to avoid the baby picky eating. 2. Too thick fiber should not be given to babies over 1 year old. For vegetables with too much fiber, such as celery, etc., as well as legume foods, mommy still needs to deal with it specially and make it into smaller pieces. Or muddy will make it easier for your baby to eat. 3. Don’t give your baby food that is too oily or too salty. Don’t use the taste of adults to measure your baby’s taste, because your baby is more sensitive to taste. If you often eat food that is too salty and too oily, it will increase the burden on the kidneys. Babies under 1 year old do not eat salt or sugar, and eat a light diet. 4. Encourage your baby to eat more. Encourage your baby to eat independently. Learn to “let go” to let your baby eat. Don’t reprimand for how dirty it is. This will also exercise their hand-eye coordination ability to a certain extent. 5. Before eating in a good dining environment, turn off the TV/iPad/mobile phone, prepare a special dining chair for your baby, and eat with other family members. You can prepare a cute set of tableware for your baby, so that your baby will be interested in eating. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward the message, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, and has nothing to do with my employer. If the content of my popular science is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.

Atopic dermatitis, just after 2 years old?

Atopic dermatitis, many baby parents think that they will gradually get better after 2 years old, in fact, this view is incorrect, because atopic dermatitis, there will be three development processes: (1) from infancy (0 -2 years old)➡️Childhood (2-12 years old)➡️Adolescent and adulthood (12 years old and older) Return to “normal”, but the symptoms reappear after adulthood, accounting for about 1/3; (3) At some point after the age of 2, the skin surface gradually “normal”, which is what most of our baby parents expect, However, atopic dermatitis, due to the existence of “allergic process”, there will be a peak of asthma before the baby goes to elementary school. After the elementary school, the incidence of allergic rhinitis will gradually increase; therefore, for atopic “Dermatitis”, early diagnosis, standardized treatment and scientific management are particularly important, which will significantly improve and enhance the quality of life of babies and parents.

Baby’s belly button is a very important part, do you know all this?

For newborn babies, the umbilical cord stump is a door into which the pathogen enters the baby. If inappropriate care is given, it may cause umbilitis or even systemic infection. In neonatal sepsis, babies with umbilical infection account for more than half, so for For newborn babies, umbilical care is very important to prevent umbilical infections. Under normal circumstances, after our newborn baby’s umbilical cord is born, medical staff will ligate it, so what may cause umbilical infection? 1. Ligation Now most of the babies are born in the hospital, so ligation is usually performed by medical staff. If the location of the ligation is relatively high, it will leave a long umbilical cord stump. Under the friction of diapers and paper diapers and the contamination of baby urine, the umbilical cord stump is vulnerable to infection. In addition, if the blood that has been squeezed out of the umbilical cord stump is not cleaned up before ligation, it is easy to form a hematoma after the ligation, which creates conditions for bacterial reproduction and prolongs the stubble stubble drying time. 2. The umbilical cord thickness may be different for each baby whose umbilical cord is broken. For babies with a thicker umbilical cord, the wound surface after the umbilical cord is cut may also be relatively larger, and the stump will dry for a longer time, and then it will fall off. It also naturally prolongs and is susceptible to infection. Most umbilical cord stump wounds may be slightly moist on day 1-2 and will gradually dry out, but if there are more secretions from the umbilical cord stump, keeping the wounds moist will cause infection. 3. Umbilical supplies The umbilical supplies used for breaking and sealing the umbilical cord, such as scissors and rubber bands, are aseptically sterilized. Sterilize the umbilical cord stump after sealing the umbilical cord before using sterile gauze Bandage, if the umbilical supplies used in the entire process are contaminated, it may cause infection. 4. Umbilical care for newborn babies is often not valued by parents. Some parents cram their baby’s underwear into diapers when dressing for the baby, so that after the baby urinates, urine will soak the baby’s underwear. The umbilical area is often wet and not dry; some parents of male babies did not press down the baby’s penis after changing the diaper, and the baby will shoot upward when urinating, wet the umbilical part; and some parents did not choose the right diaper model If it is too big, I like to roll the diaper’s trousers from the outside to the inside. This method will make the diaper not breathable, which is not conducive to keeping the umbilical part dry. In addition, some parents mistakenly spray foreign bodies such as talcum powder to the umbilical part. How to care for the umbilical part of newborn baby to prevent infection? Parents should pay special attention to keeping the baby’s umbilicus dry and hygienic when taking care of the umbilical part of the newborn baby. The umbilical cord stump is still in a relatively wet state during the 24-48 hours after the baby is born, so the umbilical part after birth is generally maintained In the state of bandaging with gauze, at this time, parents need to pay attention to avoid the baby’s urine from soaking the umbilical part, so the baby should be properly dressed in diapers and try to avoid contaminating the umbilical part. Replace the sterile umbilical dressing. After the baby’s umbilical cord is dry, parents can remove the umbilical dressing to expose the umbilical stump, and disinfect the umbilical cord with iodophor or alcohol every day until it naturally falls off. If you find that your baby’s umbilical cord has redness, bleeding, exudate, or purulent secretions, you should consult the hospital immediately, use hydrogen peroxide to clean, disinfect, and bandage. If necessary, you need to take the secretions for bacterial culture and medicine. Sensitive test.

Can baby flu fever heal itself?

It is possible that the baby’s flu fever can heal itself. The flu is caused by the flu virus infection. It often shows fever, fatigue, and mental health in the clinic. It can be accompanied by cough and sputum. In severe cases, it may be complicated by pneumonia and myocarditis It can also be life-threatening. Influenza is caused by influenza virus infection. For viral infectious diseases, if the baby’s own resistance is strong enough, it may not heal itself by taking antiviral drugs. But generally for influenza virus, if it is diagnosed clinically, it is still recommended to take oral anti-influenza virus drugs, such as oseltamivir, and some drugs that are more targeted for influenza virus. At the same time, children with flu need to be well cared for. If the baby has a fever when it gets flu, then the fever may cause the child to be mentally unwell. It is still necessary to choose a fever based on the body temperature. method. If the body temperature exceeds 38.5 ℃, it is recommended to give the baby oral antipyretic drugs. If the body temperature does not reach 38.5 ℃, it is mainly to take some physical cooling methods. Therefore, if the baby’s resistance is relatively strong, it is possible to cure the baby’s flu fever. But generally because there are still some antiviral treatments for influenza viruses, you can still give your baby some antiviral treatment under the guidance of a doctor, and do good care and symptomatic support treatment.

Goat milk powder! Transfer milk in mom circle

When it comes to baby rations, breast milk is undoubtedly the most suitable. Organizations such as the International Breastfeeding Action Coalition (WABA) currently recommend breastfeeding to two years of age. But in actual life, most of the mothers can’t hold on for so long… As the baby grows up, the amount of milk is not enough, the milking fails, and at the same time, the mother’s maternity leave is over, and it is relatively common for work to affect breastfeeding. At this time, we do not advocate Forced, it is recommended to add formula milk in time, formula milk is a necessary choice in addition to breast milk. But from the transition from breast milk to formula milk, many babies will have a series of digestive problems: constipation, allergies, bloating, and milk transfer becomes a feeding pain point in the baby’s growth process. In addition to adhering to the intermittent milk transfer method and the mixed milk transfer method, avoid frequent milk transfer and fast milk transfer, and also pay attention to the milk transfer when the baby is in good health. Do not during the child’s illness such as cold and fever, before and after vaccination During the week, supplementary foods are added with new ingredients, or when the baby’s living environment or caretaker changes. The baby’s intestine is delicate, and the intestinal tract is relatively longer than that of an adult. It is generally 5-7 times the body or 10 times the height of sitting, but the baby’s stomach is only one fist in size, and the mesentery is soft and long, and the mucosal tissue is slack, especially the colon There is no obvious colon band and fat sag, and the ascending colon is poorly fixed to the posterior wall, prone to torsion and intussusception. &nbsp. Thin intestinal wall, high permeability, poor barrier function, intestinal endotoxins, indigestion products and allergens can enter the body through the intestinal mucosa, easily causing systemic infection and allergic diseases. It’s no wonder that mothers are extra careful when choosing milk powder. With the improvement of everyone’s economic conditions and the raising of parenting concepts, the process of infant formula milk powder is also being upgraded step by step. For example, the goat milk powder, which is relatively hot in recent years, has a good market trend and is very popular among mothers. &nbsp. Even many mothers will use goat milk powder as a milk transfer “quote” artifact”, prepared as the first ration for baby milk transfer. Is goat milk powder really that good? &nbsp. In fact, whether it is sheep, cattle or other animals, their fresh milk can not be directly consumed by human infants and young children. In the process of making infant milk powder, an adjustment of “simulated breast milk” should be made as long as the quality passes. , Whether it is milk powder or goat milk powder, can be selected for children as needed. It’s just that moms are no longer limited to “feeding their babies”. They always want to give their babies better nutrition. They can be smart and have a great body. &nbsp. Strictly speaking, goat milk does have certain special benefits in certain aspects. &nbsp. For example, goat milk contains many medium-chain fatty acids, which can be directly absorbed and utilized. The particles of fat globules are smaller and more easily absorbed by the small intestinal villi in the baby’s intestine, which reduces the digestion and decomposition time of long fat chains to a certain extent. Diarrhea caused by too long, from this point of view, goat milk is easier to digest than milk. &nbsp. In terms of protein digestion, whether it is goat milk or milk, the protein contained in it will be denatured by encountering stomach acid and then aggregate, but goat milk is relatively less aggregated than milk. The protein of goat milk will form softer clot in gastric juice. The softer the curd, the faster it can pass through the stomach, which can reduce the burden on the stomach for the baby, and indeed some children are more able to accept goat milk powder. &nbsp. But just hanging a "sheep&quot. head, on all kinds of admiration of the gods, mothers can’t believe it, and don’t talk about money, if they cause children’s health problems, they will regret it. &nbsp. When choosing goat milk powder, not only should we look at the nutritional value of “goat milk” itself, but also to consider the influence of milk source quality, brand process, transportation safety and other factors, all of which require moms to clean their eyes and carefully screen.

The mother-in-law and daughter-in-law are upset because of the problem of the child drinking water.

&nbsp. Many people say that the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law is false in the marriage of the young couple. After having a baby, because everyone’s concerns are different and the education they receive is different, more mother-in-laws value the baby more, often taking the old-fashioned method, and the daughter-in-law is more concerned with the scientific concept of parenting, Therefore, disputes and quarrels often arise on the issue of baby care, and some often make people jump, it is difficult to calm down. Bao Ma Jingjing said: The baby is only two months old, and there is not much milk but enough for him to eat. My mother-in-law tells me every day that she gave birth to my husband. They started drinking rice soup in the first four months. Mother Bao Mint Green: My mother-in-law I still give my child tea, and I didn’t listen to it a few times. I think it will be noisy next time… A few days ago, my own niece also asked me to vomit. The baby is now more than five months old and still breastfeeding. It may be due to the reason of saving belly, and it is often that the stool is pulled once every 10 days, and the stool is slightly hard. The mother-in-law will give the baby honey water, saying that it has been a long time without bowel movements, and the intestines are poisonous. In the future, the baby will not grow tall and not grow. The niece could not explain it. The mother-in-law’s attitude was too tough, and she felt right anyway. Seeing that I couldn’t stay at home, my niece ran to spit water at me and asked me, a medical doctor, to persuade her mother-in-law. But when I went to his house to explain the reason to him, my mother-in-law had given the child honey water before, and the child had a bowel movement that day, and the mother-in-law was very proud. I felt that there was a problem with our child-rearing methods. , Watching the new round of parenting wars begin again. What kind of water baby can’t drink? In fact, for the problem of baby drinking water, parents only need to remember the following points. 1. The boiled water after boiling often asks me? , What kind of water should the baby drink the best? Boiled water! Whether it is pure water, mineral water, distilled water, baby water, these are the terms produced by the manufacturer, it is completely unsuitable for babies, don’t be fooled. Because these types are basically processed, some microorganisms are gone, and the baby’s intestine occasionally needs some bacterial flora adjustment. Without these, it is easy to cause intestinal discomfort. Second, do not drink hot tea water Chinese people are particularly particular about not getting hot. Sometimes I see my baby’s stools have not been pulled for a few days, or a bit of bad breath. On the last time, I added various herbal teas to the net water, such as honeysuckle, Banlangen and Coptis. Wait, or some commercially available afternoon special conditioner for babies. But I didn’t expect the baby’s gastrointestinal tract to be very delicate, so to reduce the fire at random would actually damage the baby’s gastrointestinal tract, causing diarrhea and other problems. Some special fire regulators are actually business gimmicks. 3. Do not drink honey water. Babies under one year old cannot drink honey water, because honey water may contaminate botulinum, which will cause baby poisoning. 4. Do not drink sugar water and juice. The American Pediatric Association does not recommend drinking juice for babies under 1 year old. Juice does not concentrate all the nutrients in the fruit, and loses most of the dietary fiber and mineral elements. In the human language, it means that squeezed juice has no nutrition. And drinking plenty of sugar water and fruit juice can easily make the baby form a heavy taste, more and more evidence shows that it will increase the probability of childhood obesity and dental caries. Therefore, after adding supplementary food, the fruit should be cut as much as possible, rather than squeezing juice. As long as the mother remembers “don’t drink one drink and three drink”, the baby’s drinking problem will be solved. As for the mother-in-law, she can try to persuade her husband to pass on scientific parenting knowledge to them, change their previous concepts, and change some bad parenting habits. Let the mother-in-law relationship get along better. Moms, what conflicts have you had with your mother-in-law? Share it and discuss it together. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward the message, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, and has nothing to do with my employer. If the content of my popular science is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.

what to do when baby is having a fever

what to do when baby is having a fever? As each city presses the “start button”, various germs also restart, and there are more babies suffering from fever, respiratory infections and diarrhea. What should I do if my baby gets hot? Today I will give you a new science. 1. What is fever? Before dealing with fever, mothers need to understand what fever is. I have found clinically that many parents do not understand which temperature is called fever. Sometimes it is still within the normal range of temperature, and it is mistaken for hypothermia. So the concept of fever includes three aspects: which thermometer to use, which part to measure and the temperature of each part. At present, fever is defined as anal temperature, ear temperature, frontal temperature ≥38°C, oral temperature ≥37.8°C or axillary temperature ≥37.5°C. Second, the choice of thermometers Commonly used thermometers are: electronic thermometers-can measure the armpits, mouth and rectum. At the time of purchase, pay attention to the measurement part of the thermometer. Infrared thermometers-including ear thermometers that measure the infrared heat waves emitted by the tympanic membrane and frontal thermometers that measure the temperature of the temporal artery. There are two types of frontal thermometers: contact and non-contact. Note that the frontal thermometer measures the temporality on both sides of the forehead The position of the artery, not the middle of the forehead. Mercury thermometers are no longer recommended, because mercury thermometers are easy to break, glass breakage is easy to cause trauma, and mercury in them may also cause mercury poisoning and environmental pollution in children. Some parents are still keen on mercury thermometers, thinking that electronic thermometers or infrared thermometers are not accurate enough. Studies have shown that using electronic thermometers and mercury thermometers to measure the temperature of the armpits and rectum, the deviation is small, so electronic thermometers are one of the ideal tools to replace mercury thermometers to measure body temperature; while forehead thermometers and ear thermometers are currently recommended, but To ensure that the measurement method is correct, and the average value of multiple measurements can improve measurement accuracy. Having said that, we are more concerned about the baby’s mental state than accurate body temperature. After all, it is the mental state to decide when the baby needs to take antipyretic drugs. 3. The treatment of baby fever After the baby is fevered, many parents are not calm. I have seen a pair of parents take the baby to hang the bottle in the hospital. The baby’s body temperature has just risen. The parents keep rubbing the baby with warm water. , But the baby is crying all the time, this is too much. No matter which way we use to cool the baby, the ultimate goal is to alleviate the baby’s discomfort. Around this ultimate goal, our recommended practices are: to maintain indoor air circulation, it is best to open the window to ventilate. The room temperature can be turned on, and the air vent should not be directed at the baby; during the period of rising body temperature, there may be chills. If the baby feels cold, you can add appropriate clothing. When the body temperature drops, there will usually be sweating. If the baby feels hot, it should be reduced. Clothing; when the baby feels uncomfortable, uneasy, or irritable with fever, antipyretic drugs can be used to relieve the discomfort caused by the fever, pay attention to this does not need to limit the body temperature; add enough water: can provide breast milk , Formula milk, diluted fruit juice, plain water, etc. &nbsp.&nbsp. Not recommended: physical cooling for babies, physical cooling does not have a fever-reducing effect, some parents use alcohol to wipe this practice is more undesirable, because it will be absorbed through the alveolar membrane after evaporation, it may also Absorption through the skin leads to poisoning of the central nervous system; covering the baby with heat: doing so is not only not conducive to heat dissipation, it may also lead to “heat covering syndrome”, and in serious cases, life-threatening; although the baby is feverish, he can sleep peacefully, parents However, the baby was awakened to feed antipyretics. 4. What is the need to go to the hospital? The baby under 3 months of age has fever; the baby looks very uncomfortable, always wants to sleep, or can’t wake up, or is too irritable; the mental state is not good after the heat is out; there is difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (according to the WHO definition of child breathing Critical criteria: <2 months old&nbsp. breathing ≥60 breaths/min, 2~12 months old&nbsp. breathing≥50 breaths/min, 1~5 years old, breathing≥40 breaths/min, ≥5 years old&nbsp.&nbsp. Breathing>30 breaths/minute); skin, lips are dull, gray or bluish, or even mottling; rashes that do not fade under pressure; skin elasticity is reduced, or urine output is significantly reduced; baby’s neck is stiff and not closed to fontanelle Baby, with fontanelle dilatation; convulsions (the seizure has not been relieved for more than 5 minutes, or the seizures are 2 or more in a day)

Before pregnancy, a few things must be done!

Pregnancy and childbirth are the top priorities of our women’s lives. So before pregnancy, you must do these few things.   1. Comprehensive physical examination    The time for a comprehensive physical examination before pregnancy is generally best from one quarter to half a year before preparing for pregnancy. This can not only detect whether a woman’s body is pregnant, but also detect some other diseases of the body and prepare for eugenics. 2. Cultivate good eating habits. Everyone knows that pregnant women’s food intake will increase, so before pregnancy, eat foods rich in protein, trace elements, folic acid, and vitamins, and develop good eating habits in advance to achieve pregnancy. During the period of high nutritional intake requirements.   3. Correct bad habits    Avoid smoking and drinking, which not only has an impact on their own health, but also is particularly harmful to babies.  4. Exercise   Pregnancy not only requires physical ability, but also has health requirements for internal organs. The uterus is the cradle for babies. A healthy uterus is more important. Keeping doing uterine exercises every day before pregnancy and other physical exercises will help to better welcome your baby.   5. Maintain a good state of mind    Excessive mental stress will affect the situation of ovulation, thus affecting the success rate of conception. Therefore, when preparing for pregnancy, do not over-stress, maintain a good attitude and relax, this is more conducive to successful pregnancy.