Do I choose cream or milk? This self-test is worth watching!

Do I choose cream or milk? This self-test is worth watching! We often need to choose moisturizing products according to our skin type. But… do you really know your skin type? “Oily skin or neutral skin? Is there a difference between mixed skin and neutral skin?” “My skin always has white dander, do I have dry skin?” “My nose is prone to oil, is this the case? What about oily skin?” Who can tell me? What kind of skin am I? Let me test it today! 01 Oily skin: ● The skin is greasy and can even “glow with oil”! ●If you have significantly larger pores and oily skin, it is easy to cause “acne”, that is, acne! Seborrheic skin inflammation also occurs from time to time! Therefore, oily skin must be treated as soon as possible! Note: It’s not that the skin is as dry as possible. Because dry skin can also cause a series of other problems! Here is the introduction~02 Dry skin: ● Dry skin, may have scaling, and even skin cracking ● Poor pores are not obvious ● Less skin oil If you are in line, then it is likely to be dry skin! Although many people with oily skin envy dry skin, but… dry skin is more prone to sagging skin and wrinkles! So don’t ignore the importance of moisturizing~ oily skin? ? ? Normal skin? ? ? Is it a type? Is there a difference? 03 Oil-mixed skin (combination skin): ●The oil in the “T zone” of the face (that is, the skin around the forehead and nose is greasy) as shown in the picture ●The skin of other parts of the face is dry and desquamated. The mixed oil skin is dry skin and oily skin. Mixed version! 04 Sensitive skin: “”Doctor! I dare not apply anything on my face! I am often allergic to moisturizing lotions or cosmetics, that is, my face will become red and rashes when I use these products! Sometimes itchy and painful The most important thing is that many of these cosmetics are not used by me. This happens!” Then you are probably sensitive skin! In fact, there are many reasons for sensitive skin, such as excessive use of exfoliating products, etc., so you can not use exfoliating products at will, it is best to use under the guidance of a professional dermatologist. 05 The best skin condition-neutral skin: ● If you do not have the above symptoms, and the skin is moisturized, smooth and elastic, then I want to envy my real name! Because normal skin is neither greasy nor dry on dry skin! It is the most ideal skin condition! Having said so much, the choice of cream or milk actually depends on your skin type! For oily skin, you should choose skin care products with light texture, not too heavy, otherwise it will increase the accumulation of oil, and milk is a better choice than cream; dry skin and oily skin are the opposite choices! And the most not to be overlooked: the same skin type in different seasons, the choice is different! Especially in winter, when it is a relatively dry season, it is necessary to strengthen moisturizing, and the choice of cream is more common! When you are still unsure of your skin type, the best way is to turn to a professional dermatologist. Everyone must also purchase moisturizing products through regular channels to prevent skin diseases.

Clear your 10 misunderstandings about laser beauty!

Laser beauty is more and more accepted and recognized by everyone, however, the lack of understanding of laser beauty, and even misunderstandings have caused some people to stop in front of it and become more beautiful. Today, I will take you to really understand laser cosmetology and get rid of the following 10 misunderstandings: Misunderstanding 1 laser radiation, need to wear protective clothing Many beauty seekers are worried that laser cosmetology will have radiation, but when you walk into plastic surgery hospital After the laser center, you will find that the doctors are actually not wearing protective clothing. Because the wavelength of the laser used in medical cosmetology belongs to the category of surgical laser, there is no radiation. The laser equipment used in the treatment is a high-energy laser with strong energy. Therefore, glasses with special wavelengths and optical densities should be worn during treatment. Glasses with special wavelengths are specially protected to protect our eyes, not to prevent radiation. Misunderstanding 2 There is only one type of laser treatment. Without consulting a doctor, most people would think that laser beauty is one of many beauty projects, but it is actually a category. Each large beauty hospital has multiple laser treatment instruments, with different wavelengths and pulse widths, exfoliative and non-exfoliative, with a matrix and a non-lattice matrix, each playing a different therapeutic role. Misunderstanding 3 Laser beauty can be done once and for all. Unlike laser surgery, it does not bring about beauty once and for all. Because skin aging is a natural growth process of people, beauty does not stop people from aging. Therefore, people need to update their concepts before doing medical beauty. Laser freckle is not a problem that can be solved by one treatment. Generally, laser freckle needs to be performed in clinical practice. About 1 to 5 treatments, the interval between each treatment is about 1-2 months. Misunderstanding 4 The appearance of pigmentation indicates that treatment failure. Pigmentation is a common adverse reaction after laser treatment. Most experts believe that this phenomenon belongs to secondary pigmentation after inflammation, which may be related to individual factors such as excessive sun exposure and dark skin after treatment. Pigmentation after laser freckle removal is normal. Avoid sun exposure after treatment. Oral vitamin C and external hydroquinone can alleviate pigmentation and usually subside after half a year. Misunderstanding 5 Laser freckles can completely cure chloasma. After multiple treatments, lasers can indeed have a good treatment effect on certain spots such as freckles and age spots, but freckles are a disease that is closely related to heredity, so after treatment In theory, there is a possibility of relapse; and after treatment of senile plaques, there may also be some patients who relapse. As for chloasma, laser is currently the most commonly used method for the treatment of chloasma. Although there is no guarantee for cure, most beauty seekers are still effective. Misunderstanding 6 Laser is non-invasive, laser beauty can be done in beauty salons, which is a icing on the cake beauty project, so it requires high safety. But now there are many beauty salons that also provide such services. From a safety point of view, it is better to recommend less. Taking photon skin rejuvenation as an example, many people think that photon is noninvasive and safe, which is fearless for ignorant people. In Li Lin’s view, the effect of photon skin rejuvenation has a lot to do with equipment and doctor experience. The price of photon skin rejuvenation equipment on the market ranges from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands. The difference lies in the different photon energy and the stability of the equipment. If the intensity of intense pulsed light is unstable, it is easy to burn the skin at the peak of the light. Secondly, the parameter setting of the device is also very important. For the sake of safety, some people set the parameter very low, which is difficult to be effective. The most optimized is of course both safe and effective. Thirdly, laser cosmetology varies from person to person, and is related to the patient’s skin color, previous medical history, and major skin problems that need improvement. These all need to be judged by experienced doctors. Misunderstanding 7: Laser removes tattoos, leaving no traces easily. Induced by some exaggerated publicity agencies, many people think: “Laser removal tattoos can eliminate the tattoos and easily remove no scars.” But after doing tattoos, It can’t be removed if you want to remove it. Tattoos with lighter colors will change a little after treatment, and will only be effective after a year and a half. This is a particularly good situation. Color tattoos are removed with a laser, and there are often scars. Before cleaning, touch the tattoo to see if it is flat. If it is raised, like a relief, it may leave scars. If the touch is flat, the postoperative effect is often better. In addition, the removal effect of tattoos of different colors is also different, because tattoos such as blue and green are not sensitive to light, and it is usually difficult to remove them with lasers. Misunderstanding 8 The more “younger” the skin, the better if the face has freckles and yellow

Does the body feel cold and numbness caused by potassium deficiency or high potassium? Nephrologist tells you clearly

Let’s make a basic introduction to the “potassium” element ● Whether it is hyperkalemia or hypokalemia, I will collectively refer to them as “potassium metabolism disorders”. Potassium is one of the indispensable elements of our human life activities. 98% of the potassium in the human body is stored in the cells, while the extracellular potassium only accounts for 2%. What does it mean that the blood potassium value we usually test is actually ” Serum potassium, that is, extracellular “potassium”. ●Under normal physiological conditions, potassium is mainly excreted through the kidneys, accounting for about 95%, and the rest can be excreted through the intestine. Clinically, we have such an extremely classic phrase to describe “potassium”, which is to eat more rows, eat less rows, eat less rows. Note that this sentence actually highly summarizes the ins and outs of potassium in the human body. In fact, when the body develops hyperkalemia or hypokalemia, it can be explained by “monism”. ●Like a uremia patient, his kidney function has been completely lost. Toxins, potassium, etc. in the body can no longer be excreted through the kidneys autonomously, and must be done by dialysis. If the patient does not go to dialysis at intervals, then he is on a normal diet and potassium cannot be eliminated, so “hyperkalemia” is also inevitable. Let me give you another example. A patient has a bad appetite, vomits repeatedly, and barely eats food. It is inevitable that this patient will develop “hypokalemia” after two days. In general, the human body will not have potassium metabolism disorders under normal conditions. Once low potassium or high potassium occurs, I think there must be a demon if something goes wrong. There must be a primary disease or predisposing factor. At this time, more attention should be paid to finding the cause of low or high potassium is the bottom draw. Comprehensive summary of hyperkalemia ●When the serum potassium of our body is >5.5mmol/l, we call it hyperkalemia. I also mentioned above that hyperkalemia can be fatal, but the occurrence of hyperkalemia is not just to lower blood potassium, but to look at the essence through the phenomenon to find the cause of hyperkalemia. Such as chronic renal failure, low renin and low aldosterone syndrome, renal tubular acidosis, acute renal failure, etc. are common primary diseases. Some patients may have doubts. I just have a higher blood potassium, why the doctor always rechecked me. Note that severe hyperkalemia can affect neuromuscular function and heart electrical activity. The popular point is that there is the possibility of heart block, ventricular fibrillation, and cardiac arrest. The reason why this is so important is definitely not to go to the hole. ● Let me analyze it in detail. The “cold and numb” symptoms are actually nerve and muscle symptoms. When the body’s blood potassium is abnormally elevated, numbness, fatigue, muscle aches, pale and wet limbs may appear in the limbs and around the mouth in the early stage. 3. Finally, it affects the respiratory muscles and suffocates. Note that the range of human muscles is actually very wide, not only what we see on the body surface, but our heart and blood vessels are actually covered by muscles. So it makes sense that people with hyperkalemia also feel cold and numb. The comprehensive summary of hypokalemia is still the same, first tell everyone the standard value, when our human serum potassium concentration is less than 3.5mmol/l, we call it hypokalemia. Here I still want to tell you that severe hypokalemia is also fatal. Let’s analyze the common causes of hypokalemia, such as gastrointestinal obstruction, coma, prolonged fasting after surgery, and inability to eat. Insufficient potassium intake caused. ② Excessive potassium excretion caused by severe diarrhea, severe vomiting with a large amount of digestive fluid loss, etc. ③ Kidney factors, such as caused by related drugs (long-term continuous use or overdose of diuretics More). Some kidney diseases (distal renal tubular acidosis, polyuria of acute renal tubular necrosis, excessive adrenocortical hormones, etc.). ④ other factors, such as sweating in high temperature and potassium loss through the skin, Alkali poisoning, excessive use of insulin, barium poisoning, crude cotton oil poisoning, etc. are all common causes of low potassium. ● Let’s talk about the symptoms of potassium deficiency in the body. From the heart, potassium deficiency can also cause myocardial disease or heart failure. Severe potassium deficiency can also cause arrhythmias (such as pre-systole, paroxysmal tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, etc.), and potassium deficiency can also cause hypotension. Note that when the body’s blood pressure is too low, shock will inevitably be triggered, and what is the performance of shock? One of them is

How to take care of the skin lesions of patients with vitiligo?

How to take care of the skin lesions of patients with vitiligo? The white spots caused by vitiligo are more sensitive. Many factors will stimulate the spread of white spots and aggravate the condition. Therefore, during the period of disease treatment, the care of white spots is also indispensable. Then, how to care for the skin of the white spot?   Avoid direct sunlight on the skin. You must have a correct understanding of the sun exposure. Its reasonable exposure is conducive to the recovery and production of melanocytes, but try to avoid it when the sunlight is strong, wear out melanocytes with sunburn, and pay attention to the occurrence of skin trauma. Patients with vitiligo should try to avoid skin trauma to prevent the skin from having a homogenous reaction due to wound infection, which will also be detrimental to leukoplakia. Therefore, we must pay attention to the protection of the skin in life, scratching, friction and squeezing, etc., need to pay attention to.   Use less cosmetics to cover. The white spots caused by vitiligo are more obvious than normal skin color. In order to reduce the psychological burden, patients often use cosmetics to cover them. Long-term use is not conducive to skin health. If some cosmetics are not properly selected, the impact will be relatively large, so it should be taken. note. In the face of skin care for vitiligo, it is recommended that you establish a correct understanding, pay attention to the stimulation of some undesirable factors in daily life, and keep clean and hygienic for the living or working environment, and keep away from the materials that are irritating. To maintain optimism, you will often encounter some bumpy and unpleasant things in life and work, which will cause psychological and mental pressure. If you do not resolve it in time, it will cause the physiological function of the body to cause many diseases. Emotional changes are closely related to health, and abnormal emotional reactions are the internal factors of disease occurrence. Therefore, in your life and work, you must adjust your mentality in a timely manner, restrain abnormal emotional reactions, and improve your ability to adapt to the environment.   For the affected skin caused by vitiligo, in order to better the treatment effect, patients in daily care need to pay more attention to daily care. Not only should we actively cooperate with hospital treatment, but also can not be taken lightly in daily routine care, pay attention to the complementarity of care and treatment, and better exert the treatment effect.

Why “bitter summer”?

Why is it bitter summer? “Bitter summer” means that in summer, as the temperature rises, you don’t think about diet, eat less, lose your weight, lose weight, work and study inefficiently, and may be accompanied by low fever. The disease has the cyclical characteristics of easy disease in summer. Traditional Chinese medicine calls this disease “Shu Xia”. It usually improves on its own after the summer. If it occurs every year, it will make the right qi deficiency and weak. There are two cases: dampness and heat and insufficient vitality. Li Dongyuan, a famous medical doctor in the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, believed that the disease was due to dampness and heat, and established Qingshu Yiqi Decoction, which was appreciated by later medical doctors and became a fair method for the treatment of this disease. Zhu Danxi, a famous physician during the Jin and Yuan dynasties, believed that the disease was caused by lack of vitality. He said in “Danxi Heart Method”: “Xia Xia is yin deficiency, lack of vitality, early summer and late spring, headache and soft feet, eat less body heat, it is appropriate to supplement Zhongyiqi soup.” The key to the prevention of this disease is to enhance physical fitness and actively participate in various beneficial physical activities. Usually pay attention to protect the spleen and stomach function, not excessive emotional stimulation, not overworked, eat less greasy food, regular daily life, adequate sleep. Preventive treatment can take symptomatic treatment before the summer. For different physiques, you can take Xiangsha Liujunzi Pills, Liuwei Dihuang Pills, Shiquan Dabu Pills, Buzhong Yiqi Pills, etc., which can help prevent and reduce seizures.

Hair follicle sebaceous glands and acne

We know that the human skin is composed of epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. In the dermis layer, in addition to blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nerves, there are many accessory organs that maintain the normal function of the skin, such as sweat glands, hair follicles, nails, sebaceous glands, etc. . Sweat glands secrete sweat, hair follicles are the cradle of hair growth, and sebaceous glands are factories that make sebum. 1. The structure of the sebaceous glands The sebaceous glands are non-cavity glands. The periphery is surrounded by connective tissue and consists of glands and ducts. Because the ducts open to the hair follicles, they are closely related to the hair follicles. The glands are sebaceous gland cells. As the cells continue to proliferate, differentiate, and mature, the cytoplasm is filled with lipid droplets to form secretory cells. Finally, the glandular cells are disintegrated and discharged with the lipid droplets. This is mixed with collapsed cell debris. The secretion is called sebum. 2. The distribution of sebaceous glands The sebaceous glands exist in almost all parts of the human body, but the palmar metatarsal and the ventral surface of the fingers and toes are not. Since the territory of the sebaceous glands is so vast, why do acne occur mainly on the face, chest and back? It turned out to be related to the type of sebaceous glands. 3. Type I hair follicle sebaceous glands: mainly distributed in the eyelashes, eyebrows, whiskers and head. It is a sebaceous gland accompanied by coarse hair, where the glands are relatively small, the hair is relatively long, and is higher than the skin surface. Type II: Sebaceous glands accompanied by vellus hair. The glands are large and the hairs protrude from the skin. Type III: Hair follicle sebaceous glands, this gland is bulky, and the accompanying hair follicles almost have no hair growth. The hair follicle is formed by the depression of the epidermis, where the opening of the sebaceous glands meets the hair follicle duct, which is called the hair follicle funnel. When this part of the sebaceous duct is hyperkeratotic, sebum excretion will be blocked. A hair follicle can have multiple sebaceous glands. This gland is only distributed on the face, chest and back. The forehead and cheek glands are the largest, and the back is also large. Many catheters are filled with sebum and cell debris. It is the breeding ground for P. acnes and the only gland that can form acne damage. The function of this gland is regulated by sex hormones. When the level of androgens increases, the glands become larger and the secretory function is enhanced. It can be seen that the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles are naturally inextricably bound: they are independent neighbors in the skin, but in the end they all open to the skin surface through the same opening, so some people call this anatomical relationship ” Hair follicle sebum units”, and the human face, back, and chest are the main distribution areas of the hair follicle sebaceous glands (type III sebaceous glands). Among them, the eyebrows to the sides of the nose and the mouth to the jaw are the more abundant areas of these sebaceous glands. In clinical practice, they are referred to as “T-zones” (or “T-zones”), and the above-mentioned areas naturally become acne-prone areas. Therefore, we can interpret acne as a chronic inflammatory skin disease of the hair follicle sebum unit. 4. The function of the sebaceous glands The function of the sebaceous glands is mainly to secrete sebum, which seems simple, but the sebum secreted by it is not trivial. When sebum is mixed with water and various substances discharged from sweat glands and stratum corneum to form an acidic sebum film, it inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi. At the same time, sebum can moisturize hair and skin, and a person’s radiance is indispensable. Once the sebum secretion is reduced, dry skin, chapped or dry hair can appear and break. Of course, when there is too much sebum secretion, the excessive sebum is excreted from the pores, which will passively expand the pores and make the face look thick and greasy. It is worth noting that there is a substance in the sebum component called triglyceride, which can be broken down to produce free fatty acids under the action of bacterial lipase in the hair follicle. This substance can cause inflammation of the hair follicle sebaceous glands and plays an important role in the formation of acne The role. 5. Factors affecting the sebaceous glands The development of the sebaceous glands in the hair follicles and the secretory function of the receptors affect the level of sex hormones. Under the influence of androgens, the sebaceous glands increase and the sebaceous secretion function is hyper. At the same time, androgens can also keratinize the ducts of the hair follicle sebaceous glands. The epithelial cells shed by the epithelium of the hair follicle wall are mixed with thick sebum to form a cheese-like substance, which is embolized in the mouth of the hair follicle to form acne. On the other hand, the hair follicle sebaceous glands It has increased sensitivity to androgens, which converts testosterone into 5-dihydrotestosterone in tissues by the action of 5-α reductase, which stimulates the turnover of sebaceous gland cells and lipid synthesis. In short, under the action of androgens, the function of the sebaceous glands in the hair follicles is enhanced, the secretion of sebum is increased, the keratosis of the hair follicles, and the excretion of sebum is blocked, which provides a breeding temperature for acne bacteria

How to repair the unevenness of the inner thigh after partial liposuction?

The problem of unevenness after partial suction has a certain relationship with the surgeon and the beauty seeker himself. First of all, it is relatively clear to everyone that if the doctor does not perform elaborate operations during the operation, it is easy to have an uneven postoperative effect. But what is meant by the so-called refined operation in this part is not clear. A perfect thigh liposuction operation has already begun to have high requirements in the swelling fluid injection stage. If the injection of the swelling fluid is uneven, it may cause unevenness. In the specific operation process, the doctor’s doctor has uneven suction, different levels of flatness, excessive negative pressure, or excessive diameter of the liposuction needle, which will affect the final effect of thigh liposuction, so this is why We say that the unevenness is related to the doctor’s own operation. Therefore, from this perspective, the opinion that can be given to everyone is that you must find a professional doctor to do professional things to avoid the appearance of irregularities. In addition, we say that irregularities most often appear in those groups? Those who are older and have sagging skin are more prone to irregularities. However, this part of the population is often the target group of liposuction surgery, which increases the requirements for preoperative prevention. In order to avoid unevenness after liposuction of the thigh, it is necessary to do details such as uniform injection of swelling fluid to prevent the appearance of unevenness. Secondly, our Yizhi has formed a set of very systematic operation procedures in preventing unevenness. All doctors will follow this procedure to perform surgery, and will also adopt customized liposuction needles and negative pressure, so it has not yet There have been irregularities after the operation. But if some beauty seekers have the problem of unevenness after the operation, they don’t have to be too panic, there is still a chance to remedy. If the local unevenness is early, it can be repaired and solved by wearing a bodysuit, at least there is an improvement effect. And some of the more obvious irregularities require a second surgery to repair. The repair plan should be judged according to the actual situation, some may require some fat transplantation, and slightly may only require relapse.

When picking pox is cool, will it still be cool?

For many people, they have experienced the fierce anti-acne war, especially the battlefield with the face and neck as the main battlefield is the most fierce. No matter who wins, the two sides will be left with craters (acne marks) ). What’s more, because of repeated competition (infection) with acne in the local battlefield (jaw), it will also cause serious consequences-keloids. So, what method is used to treat keloids on the lower jaw? Today, I will introduce you to non-surgical combined treatment methods. Mr. Yang, during his adolescence, his face did not experience the brutal war against “acne”, but two years ago, his jaw grew a few acne. Because I didn’t take acne too seriously, I squeezed it away. I didn’t expect this squeeze to cause trouble for me. After the acne was squeezed, repeated infections occurred, which eventually led to a keloid on the left jaw. At first, the area of ​​keloids was not large, but the longer the six months later, the more it affected the appearance, and it was red, swollen and itchy, especially the itching was really unbearable. At one time, Mr. Yang was really itchy and also cut the keloids. This in turn stimulates the scars to grow up a lot. In order to get rid of scars, Mr. Yang was looking for treatments on the Internet. Once, he accidentally saw my live broadcast on a medical beauty app, which was a scientific lecture and case analysis on keloids. The easy-to-understand knowledge explanation and treatment case analysis made Mr. Yang see the hope of curing keloids. So, soon afterwards, Mr. Yang came to my clinic. After examining his mandibular keloids, I found that the scars were red, swollen, congested, and accompanied by itching and tingling, indicating that the keloids are currently in the inflammatory period, and good blood supply provides sufficient nutrition for the proliferation of scar tissue. Therefore, treatment measures must be taken as soon as possible to inhibit the continued growth of keloids, so as not to erode the surrounding normal skin. In response to Mr. Yang’s situation, I formulated a non-surgical combined treatment plan for drug injection plus SRT-100 shallow release. By blocking the blood flow of keloid tissue, cutting off its internal nutrition supply, preventing the keloids from continuously proliferating, and finally achieving the purpose of removing keloids and preventing recurrence. After the first injection treatment, the effect has begun to appear, and the redness and swelling have turned to dark red, indicating that the blood flow inside the scar tissue has been blocked. &nbsp. After the second treatment, the keloids appeared to be flattened and dull in appearance, and the effect was further shown. &nbsp. Because of the impact of the epidemic, Mr. Yang had another treatment in April today. At this time, the keloids have basically flattened and the color is close to normal skin. After systemic treatment, Mr. Yang’s keloids on his jaw have completely flattened out. From the latest feedback photos, the recovery effect is ideal, and no recurrence has been seen. I hope that there will be better results in the future. Finally, I remind the majority of patients with keloids that the chin is a frequent site of keloids, often caused by the failure of anti-acne. Once keloids appear, they need to be treated in time to prevent their continuous proliferation and erosion of normal skin, increasing the difficulty of treatment and affecting the prognostic effect. &nbsp.

Why do hawthorn eat less with pumpkin? Which foods should you eat less? Nutritionist analyzes for you

Hawthorn is also known as Mountain Fruit, Mountain Red, Rosaceae Hawthorn, deciduous tree. It is distributed in Shandong, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other places. Hawthorn is a stone fruit with hard core, thin flesh, and slightly sour taste. Hawthorn contains a lot of carotene, calcium, carbohydrate, maslinic acid, pectin and so on. The content of vitamins in hawthorn is very high, second only to red dates and kiwis, in addition, carotene and calcium are higher. Hawthorn leaves contain flavonoids, which are 20 times the fruit content. Eating too much hawthorn can easily induce gastrointestinal diseases. Because hawthorn has the effect of promoting the secretion of digestive juice, but at the same time it will also stimulate the gastrointestinal tract. If you eat too much, it will cause stomach upset. , Hawthorn eats too much and easily forms stomach stones. Because hawthorn also contains more tannic acid, eating a large amount of hawthorn will allow more tannic acid to enter the stomach. It is very easy to mix with stomach acid, pectin, food residue, etc. The formation of clumps, the more tannic acid intake, the larger the stones, and the long-term consumption of large amounts of hawthorn is also likely to make the stones larger and larger. Hawthorn has certain effects in preventing cardiovascular diseases, softening blood vessels, diuresis and sedation, appetizing and digesting food, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Pregnant women, children, those with excessive gastric acid secretion, post-ill physical weakness and those with dental problems should eat less or not eat hawthorn. Hawthorn is best eaten with pork liver. Because hawthorn is rich in vitamin C, pig liver contains trace metals such as copper, iron, zinc, etc. Vitamin C meets metal ions, it accelerates oxidation and destroys, reducing the nutritional value, so it is best to eat hawthorn after eating pig liver. Hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc. Since cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash all contain certain vitamin C-decomposing enzymes, if they are eaten together with hawthorn, vitamin C in cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash may be easily decomposed and destroyed, which may affect cucumber, pumpkin, and carrot. , The nutritional value of winter squash, so hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc.

Why do hawthorn eat less with pumpkin? Which foods should you eat less? Nutritionist analyzes for you

Hawthorn is also known as Mountain Fruit, Mountain Red, Rosaceae Hawthorn, deciduous tree. It is distributed in Shandong, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other places. Hawthorn is a stone fruit with hard core, thin flesh, and slightly sour taste. Hawthorn contains a lot of carotene, calcium, carbohydrate, maslinic acid, pectin and so on. The content of vitamins in hawthorn is very high, second only to red dates and kiwis, in addition, carotene and calcium are higher. Hawthorn leaves contain flavonoids, which are 20 times the fruit content. Eating too much hawthorn can easily induce gastrointestinal diseases. Because hawthorn has the effect of promoting the secretion of digestive juice, but at the same time it will also stimulate the gastrointestinal tract. If you eat too much, it will cause stomach upset. , Hawthorn eats too much and easily forms stomach stones. Because hawthorn also contains more tannic acid, eating a large amount of hawthorn will allow more tannic acid to enter the stomach. It is very easy to mix with stomach acid, pectin, food residue, etc. The formation of clumps, the more tannic acid intake, the larger the stones, and the long-term consumption of large amounts of hawthorn is also likely to make the stones larger and larger. Hawthorn has certain effects in preventing cardiovascular diseases, softening blood vessels, diuresis and sedation, appetizing and digesting food, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Pregnant women, children, those with excessive gastric acid secretion, post-ill physical weakness and those with dental problems should eat less or not eat hawthorn. Hawthorn is best eaten with pork liver. Because hawthorn is rich in vitamin C, pig liver contains trace metals such as copper, iron, zinc, etc. Vitamin C meets metal ions, it accelerates oxidation and destroys, reducing the nutritional value, so it is best to eat hawthorn after eating pig liver. Hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc. Since cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash all contain certain vitamin C-decomposing enzymes, if they are eaten together with hawthorn, vitamin C in cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash may be easily decomposed and destroyed, which may affect cucumber, pumpkin, and carrot. , The nutritional value of winter squash, so hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc.

In reconstructive ear surgery, will the ears made from costal cartilage be more realistic?

Patients with congenital microtia will not only face various problems in daily life, but also bear more psychological burden and pressure in terms of psychology. Many patients with microtia have always deliberately avoided the sight of others, and are always afraid to look up at others. In fact, for patients with microtia, reconstructive ear surgery is a good method. Regarding reconstructive ear surgery, we have also analyzed and explained a lot of related doubts before. So, today, let’s talk about a problem that everyone is more concerned about: is the ear made from costal cartilage more realistic? Regarding the similarity of reconstructed ears, in fact, the most similar degree of reconstructed ears in the world is as high as 70%-80%. It is really difficult to achieve 100% exactly the same as the original ears. The first is the hardness of the ears. The softness and hardness of the reconstructed ears are slightly harder than normal ears. This is because the cartilage in our ears is elastic cartilage, which can be curled and bounced back, and the touch is very soft. The rib cartilage of the human body is composed of transparent cartilage, and its hardness is higher than that of elastic cartilage, so the ears made of rib cartilage are naturally slightly harder than normal ears. Rib cartilage is taken from autologous tissue, which can effectively avoid rejection reactions and has advantages over other synthetic materials. Furthermore, the flexibility of the costal cartilage is better. It can be flexibly sculpted according to the shape of the healthy side ear and the requirements of the beauty seeker during the operation. The carved ear support is more realistic and the ears made are more Realistic. Ear plastic surgery and repair medical expert-Professor Yu Wenlin, Professor Yu Wenlin, doctor and postdoctor in plastic surgery, and member of the flap flap group of the Professional Committee of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Surgery of the Chinese Society of Rehabilitation Medicine. After more than 20 years of practice, he has been deeply involved in plastic surgery and shaping the real “quote” ears. He continues to innovate in ear reconstruction technology, and has developed the self-costal cartilage ear reconstruction technology. The reconstructed ears have the same color, clear ear contours, and natural lifelikeness. They are recognized as currently less invasive, less costly, and less scarring. Ear reconstruction technology.

Why do hawthorn eat less with pumpkin? Which foods should you eat less? Nutritionist analyzes for you

Hawthorn is also known as Mountain Fruit, Mountain Red, Rosaceae Hawthorn, deciduous tree. It is distributed in Shandong, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other places. Hawthorn is a stone fruit with hard core, thin flesh, and slightly sour taste. Hawthorn contains a lot of carotene, calcium, carbohydrate, maslinic acid, pectin and so on. The content of vitamins in hawthorn is very high, second only to red dates and kiwis, in addition, carotene and calcium are higher. Hawthorn leaves contain flavonoids, which are 20 times the fruit content. Eating too much hawthorn can easily induce gastrointestinal diseases. Because hawthorn has the effect of promoting the secretion of digestive juice, but at the same time it will also stimulate the gastrointestinal tract. If you eat too much, it will cause stomach upset. , Hawthorn eats too much and easily forms stomach stones. Because hawthorn also contains more tannic acid, eating a large amount of hawthorn will allow more tannic acid to enter the stomach. It is very easy to mix with stomach acid, pectin, food residue, etc. The formation of clumps, the more tannic acid intake, the larger the stones, and the long-term consumption of large amounts of hawthorn is also likely to make the stones larger and larger. Hawthorn has certain effects in preventing cardiovascular diseases, softening blood vessels, diuresis and sedation, appetizing and digesting food, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Pregnant women, children, those with excessive gastric acid secretion, post-ill physical weakness and those with dental problems should eat less or not eat hawthorn. Hawthorn is best eaten with pork liver. Because hawthorn is rich in vitamin C, pig liver contains trace metals such as copper, iron, zinc, etc. Vitamin C meets metal ions, it accelerates oxidation and destroys, reducing the nutritional value, so it is best to eat hawthorn after eating pig liver. Hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc. Since cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash all contain certain vitamin C-decomposing enzymes, if they are eaten together with hawthorn, vitamin C in cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, and winter squash may be easily decomposed and destroyed, which may affect cucumber, pumpkin, and carrot. , The nutritional value of winter squash, so hawthorn is best eaten with cucumber, pumpkin, carrot, etc.

Shi Shurong’s Medical Talk: Understanding the Development of Slow Granules: Chronic Phase, Accelerated Phase, and Sudden Change Phase

According to the progress of the disease, the course of chronic myeloid leukemia can be divided into: chronic phase, accelerated phase, and acute change phase. With the widespread use of targeted drugs in clinic, most patients with slow-grained patients can control the disease very well, but some patients are still making progress. Director Shi Shurong’s WeChat consultation platform: zkxk9999
So, what are the symptoms during the progression of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia?
Chronic patients: This period can last 3 to 4 years.
Common symptoms include: anemia, discomfort in the spleen area, bleeding and fatigue, weight loss and low fever and other metabolic manifestations. 20% to 40% of patients are asymptomatic, and are diagnosed due to increased white blood cell counts and platelet counts or enlarged spleen during routine physical examination. A few patients have gouty facet pain. In addition, there are visual impairment, neuropathy, and abnormal penile erection. Chronic patients are not easily infected and fever is rare.
In 90% of patients, the spleen is swollen to varying degrees. The subcostal can reach the spleen extending to the pelvic cavity. When the spleen is embolized, the spleen area can touch the friction sensation or smell the friction sound. There may be mild to moderate liver enlargement, and lymphadenopathy is rare. The sternum often has tenderness, with the lower end of the sternum stem as the center. Fundus retinal infiltration, tortuous dilation of retinal blood vessels can be seen, and there are sheet-like bleeding spots and white infiltration center.
Patients with accelerated phase: between chronic phase and acute phase
Common symptoms: low fever, splenomegaly, etc., anemia gradually increased, leukocytes continued to rise, naive cells began to increase, raw particles + early and young particles ≥ 10%, resistance to the original effective drugs. It can evolve into a typical acute phase within a few weeks or months. Chromosomes have changed during this period, such as acute phase, so the changes of chromosomes are earlier than hematological and clinical changes, and can be used as indicators of disease progression and prognosis.
Patients with acute changes: after a few months or years after the chronic phase
With the development of the disease, malignant hematopoietic stem cells are extremely proliferative, and bone marrow protoplasm + promyelocytes ≥20%, which may be accompanied by changes in bone marrow fibrosis caused by excessive platelet-derived growth factors. It is unpredictable when each patient will change abruptly. Once a sudden change occurs, the condition deteriorates rapidly, treatment is very difficult, and the survival period rarely exceeds 6 to 12 months.
Symptoms: Unexplained fever, further enlargement of the spleen; infiltration phenomena such as bone pain, bleeding, and extramedullary masses, such as lymphadenopathy, skin and soft tissue masses, or osteolytic lesions.
Chronic myeloid leukemia patients can have different development directions during the rapid change period. Common types of sudden changes are:

About 65% is acute granuloma: slow granuloma, which means that all signs of acute leukemia appear in CML after several weeks to several months of transformation. The original + promyelium in the bone marrow is >20%. Resistant to treatment, the survival period does not exceed 6 months.

About 30% is acute lymphadenopathy: acute lymphadenitis can be temporarily relieved by vincristine and prednisone, but eventually dies within 0.5 to 1 year.

5% are other rare types of acute myeloid changes: including histiocytosis, erythroleukemia, megakaryocyte changes, and acute monocyte changes. Changes in blood, bone marrow, and cell morphology have their corresponding characteristics, and the prognosis is poor. Most patients die within 6 months after a sudden change.
All in all, the best time to treat chronic myeloid leukemia is in the chronic phase. Only by grasping the chronic phase can we avoid the progression of the disease and maximize the survival time of the patient. Once a sudden change, the treatment is difficult, the survival time is shortened, and the prognosis is poor. Therefore, the prevention of sudden changes is an important part of prolonging the survival of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.
More patient communication help can follow the WeChat public account:
Chronic Illness Club

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I want to say to Sister Jinsha in “Sister Who Is Riding the Wind and the Waves”: Your diet may have a big problem!

#金莎#&nbsp.#乘风破浪的姐姐#&nbsp.#瘦大战# In the program, when I saw you take out the food scale during dinner, I was very admired: because I can use the scale to measure the weight of food every meal People are people with very strong self-discipline! Such people are rare even among the tens of millions of customers I have seen. However, in addition to admiration, it is inevitable that there is a trace of worry, because you said: only intake 1,000 calories per day, as a professional weight loss person, I may want to give you some reservations. The daily intake of calories for normal adults ranges from 1800 to 2400 calories, and it is adjusted appropriately according to factors such as height, weight, and workload. Girls with ordinary height and workload generally meet 1800 to 2000 calories. The energy the body needs a day. However, you have chosen to limit energy intake and only consume 1000 calories per day, which is a low-calorie diet. The so-called low-calorie diet method, the daily intake of calories is about 800 to 1500 calories, the suitable population is: simple obese, overweight and obese diabetic patients, is conducive to reduce insulin resistance, increase insulin sensitivity, weight loss, etc. . However, your figure is so graceful, obviously not among the above-mentioned suitable people, then you may have a very big problem with this diet. The specific analysis is as follows: people who choose low-calorie diets all want to artificially cause “energy differences.” Then let the body consume its own energy reserves (such as fat) to achieve weight loss or fat loss. For fat people who need to lose weight, the health hazards caused by obesity are very large. Therefore, using a low-calorie diet for a short period of time can be said to be an obligatory method to solve the problem. At times, the weight loss effect is very obvious. However, the problems caused by this method are also obvious, that is, when the body has problems with its own energy or there is no self-energy available, it will cause great harm to the body! The former is mainly some congenital diseases, or the acquired liver, intestine, pancreas and other serious diseases, causing the body to use its own fat for energy supply problems, and you belong to the latter, already thin, because of fear of fat Used, but how can there be so much excess fat in the body? The end result may be: the body lacks energy. Many of us do not understand what happens to “lack of energy”? Uncle Ming gives an example of an image: It is like a small wooden house in a snowy forest that needs to burn wood for heating and cooking, but firewood and food are limited. What if we reduce the firewood in the stove? Yes, when the fire is small, we will feel cold. In order to reduce the consumption of food, we reduce activities or sleep as much as possible, but over time, we will catch colds, frostbites, or even death. It is reasonable to reduce energy intake, that is, to control diet (diet) When our calorie intake is reduced, if we have fat reserves (fat), we can consume our own fat for energy supply, but if we are not fat, we can’t dismantle the house to keep warm, so the body will reduce our metabolism to adapt This lack of food will increase the burden of organs that regulate metabolism, such as the thyroid, and the lack of nutrition in our food due to lack of food will further harm our thyroid, so dieting is the most common. One of the side effects: Hypothyroidism appears. Due to problems with the regulation of the thyroid, the body’s basal metabolism is further reduced. Therefore, although we don’t eat much, we will still store it, because the relative basal metabolism may still be too much after the decline, and the weight will continue to increase. . This is one of the reasons why some fat people can not continue to lose weight after many low-calorie diets. And this is just one of the examples that Uncle Ming gave to the “lack of energy”. In fact, when the cells of various tissues and organs of our body lack energy, the cell factory will reduce production, or even shut down, then it should achieve its own function. It will not work properly, so over time, it is not just a small problem of weight gain, and even various diseases other than hypothyroidism may occur in the body. It’s not that Uncle Ming is alarmist, it’s all based on science. I admire the efforts made by Sister Jinsha for her acting career, but for your weight loss methods,

Preoperative design and postoperative effect of facial autologous fat filling

As a soft tissue filler, autologous fat particles are widely used in the treatment of facial volume loss aging due to their advantages of abundant sources, easy material extraction, good filling appearance, and no rejection reaction. Indications: Mild to moderate capacity loss aging. &nbsp. Severe facial relaxation. Unknown filler has been injected on the face. Infection, allergic reaction, granuloma after injection of the filler on the face. Multiple lipomas. Hyperthyroidism and other diseases are not suitable. &nbsp. Focus on the preoperative design and postoperative effects: &nbsp. 1. Full-scale fat transplantation preoperative design: &nbsp. Preoperatively mark the anatomical subunits, the frontal median area, frontotemporal transition area, temporal, eyebrow Arch, lower eyelid, middle face, nasolabial fold, upper lip, lip red, chin, zygomatic arch area, cheeks, mandibular margin. The solid line area is the area where the heart-shaped face is realized after filling, and the dotted line area is the combination of high and low light areas and facial anatomy for partitioning. 2. Postoperative effect The swelling reaches the peak within 4-10 days after operation, and the obvious swelling generally subsides within 10-20 days, and the shape is basically fixed in 3 months. The effect is stable in 6 months. Those who need 2 times of filling will be filled again 6 months after the operation . &nbsp. Facial soft tissue volume recovered after operation, the face has ideal soft tissue thickness, the sagging of the middle and lower part is corrected, and the skin texture is obviously improved. As far as possible, the operation should be supported by a relatively large amount of deep fat chamber filling, and a relatively small amount of shallow fat chamber filling for smooth transition, which not only takes into account the supportive lifting and facial volume recovery, but also through clinical observation The degree of swelling is relatively light. Fat filling is not limited to the concave part, but also includes the connection and transition of fine parts such as the hairline area, upper eyelid, lower eyelid, lips, nose, anterior tragus, earlobe, nasal base, especially to avoid excessive frontotemporal expansion , Over-protruding mid-face or over-bloated appearance of cheeks. While filling, the front side is shaped like a heart-shaped outline, and the front side is shaped like a “quote” curve. At the same time, it also needs to increase the three-dimensional sense of the face, pay attention to the highlights and dark areas Soft transition, grasp the balance between fullness and three-dimensional sense, and achieve the satisfaction of those who seek beauty.

There are two or more characteristics that are autism

&nbsp.&nbsp. There are two causes of childhood autism, one is the acquired environment and the other is congenital. In fact, it is more congenital. However, no matter what the cause is, parents should take good care of their children and send them to the hospital in time to avoid exacerbation of the situation and the occurrence of extreme things. To show you the characteristics of several autistic children for parents to observe. &nbsp.&nbsp. 1. Social barriers. In the early stages of illness, the child will appear to be reluctant to contact and communicate with outsiders too much. Especially for children who were originally lively, if they suddenly reject others and refuse to communicate with others, then everyone needs to observe the child to see if he has autism, and if he is sick, he should be treated immediately to avoid the condition from changing. Is getting worse. &nbsp.&nbsp. Second, the language is slow. People with mild autism will suffer from language dullness, either they are unwilling to speak with others, or they have no logic to speak and can only speak in a single word. In this period, children no longer like to communicate with others in language, but are more inclined to use gestures to communicate with others. &nbsp.&nbsp. 3. Cognitive Impairment. If the child is particularly unresponsive in life and does not respond much to the actions and speeches that occur in the outside world, parents need to pay attention. After observing for a period of time, it is found that the child’s reaction ability and understanding ability are weaker than their peers. , The child is very likely to suffer from autism. &nbsp.&nbsp. 4. Narrow interests. If the child is not interested in anything or many things in the outside world, he likes to stay quietly in the corner by himself, excluding communication with the outside world, and the child is likely to suffer from autism. &nbsp. All the above characteristics are typical symptoms of autistic patients. As long as parents discover that their child has two or more characteristics, they should take the child to the hospital to check whether they have autism. Don’t be afraid of trouble, act quickly. Once the disease is found, effective treatment measures should be taken in time to avoid serious consequences caused by the deterioration of the disease.

Pelvic fracture, posterior urethral stricture, erectile dysfunction

&nbsp. Why does pelvic fracture lead to posterior urethral stricture? &nbsp. The pelvis is closely related to the genitals. At the lower edge of the pelvis, the pelvic floor is composed of tough fascia tissue, called urogenital diaphragm. The urethra passes through the pelvic floor, and there are the posterior urethra, bladder, prostate, and seminal vesicles in the pelvic cavity above the pelvic floor. The nerves and blood vessels that control the erection of the penis come from the pelvis. &nbsp. When pelvic fractures occur, the shearing effect of pelvic fractures often leads to rupture of the urethra of the prostate membrane. According to statistics, about 10-20% of patients with pelvic fractures have urethral injuries. Mild injuries can cause hematuria, painful urination, or even inability to urinate and cause urinary retention. In my country, pelvic fractures are the most important cause of posterior urethral strictures in young people. Post-urethral end-to-end anastomosis treatment is generally required (see: Sewer-urethral stricture). &nbsp. Figure 1: Fracture of the pelvis leads to posterior urethral stricture. Derived from GeorigiaHealth&Sciences, Health&nbsp.System&nbsp. Pelvic fracture and sexual function&nbsp. Due to the different extent of injury and treatment after injury, sexual function will be affected to varying degrees. According to reports, the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) after pelvic fractures is more than 50%. The length of urethral rupture and the type of pelvic fracture are closely related to ED, which is closely related to the damaged penile artery, cavernous artery and related erectile nerves. Again urethral surgery has little to do with the occurrence of erectile function. It can be seen from the above data that after the posterior urethral injury, it is not necessary to repair the urethra in an emergency, in order to reduce the interference with the pelvic injury, and after the local hematoma is absorbed, it is appropriate to perform the posterior urethral repair surgery after the tissue damage is repaired. This can greatly reduce the incidence of impotence. Therefore, when encountering a patient with a pelvic fracture, it is best to use a stretcher or door plate to lie down to the hospital. Do not back, hug the patient or let the patient sit. This can avoid the displacement of the fractured pelvis and damage the urethra and nerves. &nbsp. How to treat impotence after urethral stricture associated with pelvic fracture? &nbsp. Because this type of erectile dysfunction is different for each person, there is no standard treatment for the time being, but it needs to comprehensively consider its effectiveness, safety, patient and partner satisfaction, quality of life and other factors. Mainly include conservative treatments such as drug treatment represented by PDE5 inhibitors, vacuum negative pressure devices, etc. If the above treatment is not effective, low energy shock wave treatment or penile prosthesis implantation can be performed. &nbsp. The most common treatment is oral PDE5 inhibitors. It is easy to use, safe and effective, and is currently the first choice for the treatment of ED. Commonly used PDE5 inhibitors include sildenafil (commonly known as “Viagra”), vardenafil and tadalafil. &nbsp. Vacuum negative pressure suction treatment often places the root of the penis in a contraction ring to block venous return to increase erection strength. The shrink ring must be removed within 30 minutes of placement to avoid tissue necrosis. Common adverse reactions such as pain, ejaculation weakness, petechiae, bruising, or numbness. Contraindications are patients with coagulopathy or anticoagulation therapy. It is more suitable for the elderly, who can master related operations and have infrequent sex life. &nbsp. Use low-energy shock wave therapy equipment to treat left and right penis feet and left and right penis cavernous bodies, once a week, 20 minutes each time, 4 times a course. When the low-energy shock wave acts on the corpus cavernosum, it can stimulate the vascular endothelial tissue of the penis and induce angiogenesis. More blood perfusion into the corpus cavernosum leads to increased pressure in the corpus cavernosum and fuller blood in the corpus cavernosum, resulting in erection of the penis. The treatment is less invasive and recovers faster. &nbsp. Penile prosthesis implantation is suitable for patients who are ineffective or seek permanent treatment. The prosthesis is plastic (semi-rigid) and expandable (two-piece or three-piece). Three-piece is often used, but the fake The body is more expensive, and the complications are mainly mechanical failure and infection. The efficiency reaches 100%.

Past and present of androgenic alopecia

The past life of androgen hair loss is not black and black, quality science! The content of popular science for everyone today is androgen alopecia, which is also commonly referred to as seborrheic alopecia, and it is an increasingly common disease in our daily lives. According to the hair loss survey released by the National Health and Health Commission, the number of people who have lost hair has exceeded 250 million, and one in six people has symptoms of hair loss. Androgenic alopecia accounts for an absolute proportion. Data source: It is generally difficult for the National Health and Welfare Committee to have a sensitive understanding of hair volume, until Teacher Tony said that your hair volume can no longer support the hairstyle you want. Closer to home! Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a general term for alopecia, which usually begins in adulthood and gradually shows two typical “male type” and “female type” manifestations. Caused by sensual hair follicles. What does male and female mean? For this disease, male and female hair loss performance is different. The genetic susceptibility can be understood as carrying AGA-related disease treatment genes. It is currently believed that the pathogenesis of male pattern hair loss and female pattern hair loss are the same. But at present, the pathogenesis of male and female pattern hair loss is not yet fully understood. Current research shows that androgens play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of AGA; other factors including inflammation around the hair follicles, increased stress in life, tension and anxiety, poor life and eating habits can aggravate the symptoms of AGA. AGA is the most common, common, and most common cause of hair loss. Some scholars believe that this process is a normal biological phenomenon, not a disease. Some people with AGA think that it is abnormal or socially unacceptable. For example, Louis XIII of France wore an extra large wig because of baldness, and asked his subjects to accept this hairstyle. So how was AGA discovered? In 400 BC, in ancient Greece, Hippocrates, regarded as the “father of medicine” by the West, for the first time noticed that the castrated men and children were not bald. It was later noticed that men who were castrated before puberty did not have AGA unless they took testosterone. In a pioneering work in 1942, Hamilton first determined the relationship between androgens and AGA. The next work focuses on type II 5α-reductase, which converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. The levels of 5α-reductase in the hair follicles of male and female AGA patients increased. DHT (dihydrotestosterone) formed by testosterone via type II 5α-reductase binds androgen receptors, which are located on the outer root sheath and hair papilla of the hair follicle. The hormone-receptor complex subsequently activates the gene and is responsible for gradually transforming the large hair follicles into small, miniaturized hair follicles. In simple terms, it can be seen as a “serial case”! In addition to this mechanism, women have another enzyme that regulates the effect of androgens on hair follicles. The content of this enzyme in men is very small, it may lead to different tendencies and performance of women AGA. Today’s popular science is here, I’m Li Hanlin, goodbye everyone! We don’t produce hair follicles, we are just the porters of hair follicles~

Prostate cancer favors 3 types of men Are you one?

The disease of prostate cancer can be said to be terrible, so do you know what causes prostate cancer? Who is easy to get prostate cancer? According to recent data, the incidence of prostate cancer in men is getting higher and higher, so we must start prevention now, and for the prevention of prostate cancer, there are several kinds of men who need the most attention Yes, do you know who needs to prevent prostate cancer? Let’s take a look with the editor today. People who are prone to cause prostate cancer Men and women who live excessively in couples If men and women live excessively, it is easy to cause the prostate to be congested. Inflammation and other prostate diseases. So it is very important to control the frequency of husband and wife life.  Men who work on the night shift   Many men work on the night shift because of work. And if men work night shifts, it will lead to a decrease in melatonin, and melatonin can play a role in inhibiting prostate cancer cells. Therefore, men often work night shifts or stay up late, which will increase the incidence of prostate cancer.  Obese men   If men become obese, their physical health is more prone to problems. Some research data show that obese men have more than twice the probability of suffering from prostate cancer, so men must pay attention to weight loss, control their diet, and exercise daily to prevent prostate cancer. &nbsp. Food for preventing prostate cancer Tomato Tomato contains a lot of lycopene, and lycopene has the effect of preventing prostate cancer. Studies have shown that if men eat tomatoes regularly, their chances of suffering from prostate cancer will be reduced. a lot of.  Tomato scrambled eggs  Material: Tomato, egg.  Practice: Wash and peel tomatoes, then slice. Beat the eggs into the bowl and mix well. Pour oil into the pan, load the eggs, fry them, then chop them, then place them on a plate. Leave some oil in the pan, pour the tomatoes and stir-fry for 3 minutes, then add the eggs and seasonings, and stir-fry for 2 minutes.  Broccoli   If we eat broccoli often, it will produce anti-cancer genes on the human body, and anti-cancer genes can help us prevent the appearance of diseases such as prostate cancer. There are many ways to eat broccoli, the more common is fried or fried meat.   Broccoli fried meat slices  Materials: broccoli, lean meat, sweet potato powder.  Practice: First cut the broccoli into small flowers, wash them in salt water for half an hour, and then clean them. After washing and slicing the lean meat, add an appropriate amount of sweet potato powder and stir and marinate for 3 minutes. Pour oil into the pot, pour lean meat and stir-fry for 1 minute, then pour broccoli and stir-fry until broccoli is cooked and add seasoning.