Often when a woman gets a B-ultrasound checklist, she will see a “pelvic effusion” on the checklist. What does this pelvic effusion mean? What are the symptoms of pelvic fluid? Today, the editor will take you to know about pelvic fluid. What is pelvic effusion? Pelvic effusion is a manifestation, not a disease, refers to the presence of fluid in the female pelvic cavity. Pelvic fluid can be divided into physiological pelvic fluid and pathological pelvic fluid. Physiological pelvic effusion The pelvic cavity is the lower part of the abdominal cavity in the whole body. When the abdominal organs have exudate, leakage or rupture bleeding, it will first be drained to the pelvis to form pelvic effusion. For example, some healthy women may accumulate a small amount of fluid in the pelvic cavity during ovulation or menstruation, forming pelvic effusion. Such effusion is generally physiological, and most of them can disappear on their own. Pathological pelvic effusion If B-ultrasound examination shows pelvic effusion, the patient is accompanied by abdominal pain, lower back pain, lower abdominal distension, lower back pain, lower back pain, leucorrhea, gynecological examination of the uterus, attachment tenderness, cervical congestion, etc. , It may be caused by inflammation, such effusion is pathological. In clinical practice, most women’s pelvic effusions are caused by inflammation, and there are inflammatory exudates in the pelvic cavity. If the treatment is not timely and effective, it will not only affect fertility, but as the effusion increases, it is no longer possible to rely on drugs. To achieve the purpose of treatment, it can only be cut off by surgery, which will also increase the financial burden on patients. Causes of pelvic effusion 1. Not paying attention to hygiene during menstruation 2. Inflammation spread of adjacent organs 3. Postpartum and post-abortion infection 4. Symptoms of infection of pelvic effusion after gynecological surgery 1. Feeling of falling, one side of the lower abdomen, or both sides pain. The scar adhesions and pelvic congestion caused by chronic inflammation cause the lower abdomen to swell, pain, and lumbosacral pain, often more severe after fatigue, sexual intercourse, and before and after menstruation. 2. Most of the systemic symptoms of pelvic effusion are not obvious, and may be accompanied by low fever and fatigue. Patients with a longer course of disease may also have symptoms of neurasthenia, such as lack of energy, general malaise, and insomnia. When patients have poor resistance, they are prone to acute or subacute attacks. 3. Patients with concurrent pelvic stasis may have increased menstruation. When the ovarian function is damaged, there may be menstrual disorders; when the fallopian tube adhesion is blocked, it may cause female infertility. 4. Infertility is one of the common symptoms of pelvic effusion. If you have pelvic inflammatory disease that causes the fallopian tubes to become blocked, infertility will occur. Prevention of pelvic effusion 1. Make adequate preparations before gynecological surgery. Keep vulva clean before gynecological surgery, avoid sexual intercourse three days before surgery, pay attention to vulva and vagina clean after surgery, wash the vulva with warm water, and replace perineal pads and underwear in time. Sexual intercourse is prohibited within the next 2 to 3 weeks. 2. Active treatment of acute internal genitalitis, appendicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease should be completely cured to prevent it from becoming chronic, thereby causing water accumulation and fluid accumulation. 3. Prohibition of sexual life during menstruation Women should pay attention to not have sexual life during menstruation, and do not have sexual life when suffering from pelvic fluid. 4. Do not abuse antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, whether oral or injection, will inhibit the vaginal lactic acid bacteria, disturb the natural ecological balance of the vagina, change the vaginal microenvironment pathogenic bacterial pathogens may multiply, resulting in local candidiasis Vaginitis attacks, and then secretes inflammatory fluids causing pelvic fluid.
The birth of life is a wonderful process. The “prince of sperm” must go through all kinds of hardships to find the “egg girl” through the fallopian tube, and the “egg girl” meets the spark of love, combines to form a fertilized egg, and then gradually dissipates into the uterus. Only when the uterus is encamped and guarded together can the beauty of life be interpreted. The fallopian tube is one of the most important internal genitalia in women and one of the most vulnerable organs. Once the bridge of life is blocked, it will directly hinder the production of new life. Recognize that after the fallopian tube fallopian umbrella picks up the egg, the egg is waiting for the arrival of sperm somewhere in the fallopian tube. If the fallopian tube is blocked, the sperm and egg cannot be fertilized, or after fertilization, the fertilized egg fails to enter the uterine cavity as expected. An ectopic pregnancy occurred. The fallopian tube plays a very important role in pregnancy, and the smooth fallopian tube is also a necessary condition for pregnancy. Fallopian tube problem classification Fallopian tube polyps polyp block lumen, sperm and egg are more difficult to combine. Fallopian tube endometriosis may cause adhesions around the fallopian tubes, causing ovarian lesions, which in turn affect ovulation. Fallopian tube dysplasia Some fallopian tubes have a thinner muscular layer, which is not conducive to the delivery of fertilized eggs and can easily lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy. Salpingitis can cause tubal obstruction, adhesion, and obstruction, which can affect the combination of sperm and eggs. Tubal dysfunction Tubular muscle peristalsis, low tension and other reasons may hinder the delivery of eggs and cause difficulty in conception. According to relevant statistics, fallopian tube infertility accounts for 40%-60% of female infertility. How to prepare for pregnancy? Active treatment Today, there are many ways to treat fallopian tube disease, the most effective is mostly minimally invasive surgery. For patients with mild fallopian tube disease, it can be solved by laparoscopic surgery. For diseases that seriously affect the structure and function of the fallopian tube, laparoscopic technology is powerless. For these patients, in vitro fertilization technology is required to complete pregnancy. Check well. The early stages of fallopian tube blockage are generally unresponsive. Only a few people may feel a pain in the stomach. Once the fallopian tube becomes inflamed, the stomach will hurt badly. Many people go to the doctor. If your pregnancy is unsuccessful for a long time, you can check whether your fallopian tube is unobstructed by salpingography. Adjust your daily habits. Get enough sleep. Eat a balanced diet and refuse alcohol and tobacco. Pay attention to hygiene. Don’t overdo the nightlife and develop healthy hobbies. Pay attention to couple’s life hygiene. The couple’s life hygiene is directly related to the health of the fallopian tubes. Menstrual period, abortion and intrauterine surgery within one month and the puerperium period can never be “same room”. In addition, couples must carefully clean the reproductive parts before and after life, no matter which side has an inflammatory infection, it is necessary to put an end to the couple’s life, so as not to affect the health of blood vessels.
The occurrence of oligozoospermia will definitely have a certain impact on fertility. Therefore, those who need to go to the hospital for treatment cannot be delayed. Of course, instead of spending time and energy to treat, it is better to do prevention work, which is more important for reproductive health. So, what is the prevention of oligozoospermia? Let’s take a look together. What is the prevention of oligozoosperm? 1. Do more exercise, try not to smoke, and drink less alcohol. 2. Pay attention to safety and avoid riding injuries. Sometimes minor injuries do not affect fertility, so minor injuries should be treated as soon as possible. 3. People who are not married and give birth do not use sexual health supplies. 4. To master some sexual knowledge, to further understand the male physiological characteristics, if you find that the testes have different changes than usual, such as swelling, hardening, unevenness, pain, etc., must be treated as soon as possible. 5. To develop good personal hygiene habits to prevent various infectious diseases that threaten male fertility, such as mumps and sexually transmitted diseases. The above is a related introduction to “What are the prevention work of oligozoospermia”? Oligospermia is a common condition that affects male fertility, which leads to male infertility and also affects the quality of fertilized eggs, which may lead to fetal stoppage and other situations. . Therefore, for oligozoospermia, prevention is the key.
Usually, women aged 25-28 years old have strong fertility and good quality. However, with the increase of age, ovarian function continues to decline, the number of eggs decreases and the quality decreases, especially after 37 years of age, there is a linear downward trend. For women of childbearing age, high-quality eggs are the prerequisite for gestating healthy babies, so how to improve the quality of eggs is a concern for our women. Let’s take a look at the detailed introduction of experts. [Appropriate exercise] Lying, sitting, standing, no matter what posture remains unchanged for a long time, it is not good for the body. The meaning of life is exercise. Appropriate exercise and good work and rest to control weight are good for eggs, body and skin. . Therefore, starting from the plan to have children, women should exercise regularly, and they can exercise according to their hobbies to fit their physical conditions to improve the ability of various body organs and lay a solid foundation for pregnancy. 【Balanced diet】Overeating or excessive dieting can easily cause nutritional disorders from a health point of view. In daily life, it is necessary to ensure that the three meals of meat and vegetables are matched to achieve a balanced nutrition. Appropriate increase of black beans, soy milk, boiled fish soup, etc., these can prevent premature ovarian failure and effectively adjust endocrine. [Do not stay up late] Since mobile phones and tablets enter our lives, it is common for people to stay up late, often staying up late, and the law of life is disrupted, which directly affects the balance of the endocrine environment, and the imbalance of hormone secretion will cause ovarian function to occur Disorders affect the development and ovulation of eggs. Similarly, computer radiation can also affect egg quality, so do not stay up late, work regularly, and develop good sleep habits. 【Stop smoking and drinking】According to research, the toxins in cigarettes not only harm eggs, but also cause ovarian aging. Long-term alcoholism can also cause ovarian aging. To protect eggs, remember to stay away from tobacco and alcohol. [To maintain a good mood] New research has proved that stress can reduce the chances of women becoming pregnant, especially during ovulation. When the pressure persists or occurs frequently, it is easy to cause endocrine disorders and affect the ovulation ability of the ovary. Therefore, proper decompression during pregnancy, ease tension, and maintain a good mood can increase the chance of a good pregnancy.
Premature ejaculation is a kind of sexual dysfunction disease. This disease has a great harm to men’s psychology. If the premature ejaculation is serious, it will lead to a discordant relationship between husband and wife. Therefore, it is necessary to actively prevent it in life. So what are the ways to prevent premature ejaculation in daily life? Let’s look at what are the ways to prevent premature ejaculation in daily life. Helps to overcome bad psychology. 2. It is easier to meet the sexual requirements of the woman by making caressing and kissing before the same room. 3. Change the room time. People generally arrange their sex life at night, but if you change it to wake up, your fatigue will be relieved and your energy will be vigorous. Then chew your chewing gum to flirt. I believe the quality of the same room will improve. 4. Wearing a double-layer condom can reduce penis sensitivity and prolong ejaculation time. 5. Reduce the amplitude and speed of penis twitching and reduce sexual stimulation to the penis. At the same time, the woman actively caters to the action and reaches orgasm as soon as possible to satisfy both parties. 6. The man’s distracted attention to sexual intercourse, such as turning away from the woman’s eyes, shifting the penis feeling to thinking about other problems, and even counting, will help delay ejaculation. What are the ways to prevent premature ejaculation in daily life? I believe that male friends have a certain understanding. Warm reminder, any disease is to prevent it in advance, and at the same time, you must have a correct attitude to treat it.
Embryo discontinuation is something many pregnant mothers do not want to see, but some pregnant mothers cause embryos to stop developing because of certain factors. Therefore, mothers who are newly pregnant should be alert to the following factors that may affect the embryonic development ~What disease factors will cause embryo suspension? 1, uterine malformation, uterine abnormality and other factors The causes of early pregnancy embryo suspension include uterine malformation, such as uterine dysplasia, single-horned uterus, double uterus and uterine mediastinum. Abnormal uterus, such as intrauterine adhesions, uterine fibroids, endometrial diseases, cervical insufficiency, etc., these can affect the intrauterine environment and the blood supply of the uterus, thereby affecting embryo implantation and development. 2. Genetic factors The abnormality of chromosome number or structure, genetic polymorphism, genetic mutation, genetic pre-thrombotic state, endocrine or reproductive tract structural abnormalities of both husband and wife and embryos are all genetic abnormalities. Chromosomal abnormalities are one of the most common causes of embryo suspension in early pregnancy. It accounts for 50% to 60% of embryos gestational age & 8 weeks of gestation. Large Y chromosome refers to the extension of the heterochromatin region, making the Y chromosome length ≥ chromosome 18, the patient’s sperm has various abnormalities (no sperm, less sperm, dead sperm, sperm malformation), infertility, growth retardation and so on. 3. Infectious factors Infectious factors that lead to early pregnancy embryo suspension include systemic infections and female reproductive tract infections. Chlamydia and mycoplasma are the two main pathogens causing female reproductive tract infections. It can cause cervical mucosal epithelial damage and cause intrauterine infection, which can damage the integrity of the fetal membrane and cause embryo suspension. 4. Immune factors The same kind of immune abnormality refers to the abnormality of the immune tolerance mechanism between the mother and the fetus. The embryo is attacked by the immune response of the mother to produce a rejection reaction. The implantation of fertilized eggs in the mother’s body can be regarded as a kind of allogeneic allogeneic transplantation. The embryo and the mother’s complex and special immune relationship make the mother’s immune tolerance and the embryo is not rejected. Studies have shown that the number of embryonic developmental disorders is positively correlated with abnormal immune function. 5. Endocrine factors Insufficient corpus luteum function, increased prolactin, polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disease, etc. are important endocrine factors that cause embryo suspension, which can affect the function of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis, mainly manifested as progesterone and Abnormal secretion of its metabolites causes early abortion. 6. The prethrombotic state is prone to thrombosis. The general view is that the hypercoagulable state changes the blood flow state of the uterine placenta, and it is easy to form local microthrombi, or even placental infarction, which reduces the blood supply to the placenta. The embryo or fetus ischemic and hypoxic causes the embryo or Fetal dysplasia and miscarriage. Through the above introduction, it is presumed that everyone should have a more comprehensive understanding of the reasons for the embryos to stop developing and also have a certain understanding of the measures to prevent the embryos from stopping development. This situation is more likely to happen in the life of embryos. Therefore, it is hoped that pregnant mothers can take good care of their bodies and successfully deliver healthy babies.
Healthy sperm is the basic condition for an adult male to bear offspring. If suffering from azoospermia means that there is no ability to have children, because infertility males caused by azoospermia account for about 15% of all infertile patients. So, what are the causes of male azoospermia? What are the causes of male azoospermia? 1, epididymitis and vas deferens: long-term inflammatory stimulation will lead to changes in the pH of semen, and the occurrence of male sperm antibodies and other factors that destroy The sperm’s living environment leads to sperm death. Therefore, under normal circumstances, doctors will ask to cure the infection of the accessory glands first to solve the problem of patients with dead sperm. 2. Inflammation of the reproductive organs: clinical cases of male infertility caused by delayed treatment of genital organ inflammation or long-term cure are not rare. This is because the infection of the reproductive system will promote the variability of the seminal plasma composition. The reduction of zinc, magnesium, citric acid, fructose and increased pH will directly affect the vitality of sperm. Diseases such as prostatitis, seminal vesiculitis, and epididymitis are all disease factors that cause dead sperm disease. 3. Prolonged abstinence can also cause dead sperm disease: long-term failure to ejaculate often leads to symptoms such as high sperm density, many dead sperm, and poor sperm motility. This situation is basically a normal pathological condition. 4. Spermatozoa caused by varicocele: varicocele will affect the testes and the epididymal blood circulation of men, causing some temperature rise and the accumulation of toxic substances, which will cause the sperm motility of men to be low and lead to death. . There are many causes of azoospermia, there are congenital factors and acquired bad habits. The symptoms of azoospermia are not obvious, and the diagnosis can only be confirmed by going to the hospital for examination. Therefore, experts at Beijing Weiren Hospital suggest that male friends who want to have children after marriage should go to regular hospitals for routine semen examination.
Blockage of the vas deferens is one of the common diseases in male infertility, which has a great impact on many patients and their families. Over the years, the incidence of vas deferens has become higher and higher in clinical practice, which requires the attention of male friends. So, what are the causes of vas deferens obstruction? What are the causes of vas deferens obstruction? Tumors: such as epididymal tumors, seminal vesicle tumors, prostate tumors, etc., can cause clogged vas deferens. 2. Congenital malformations: if the epididymis is missing in the head, body, and tail, the vas deferens is completely or completely absent, the vas deferens and the epididymis are not connected, and the epididymis, vas deferens, or seminal vesicles are imperfectly developed. 3. Infection of the urogenital system: such as epididymitis, Prostatitis, seminal vesiculitis or epididymal vas deferens tuberculosis, etc., lead to blockage of the vas deferens, and the junction of epididymis and vas deferens is more common. Fourth, prostate surgery can cause ejaculation orifice blockage. Fifth, postoperative infection, adhesive scar formation, etc. can make the vas deferens compressed and blocked. Sixth, surgical injury: such as hernia repair, varicocele, spermatic cord sarcoma surgery, etc. can damage the vas deferens. The above is the introduction about “what is the cause of vas deferens obstruction”. There are many reasons for vas deferens obstruction, and there are innate factors also caused by backstage diseases. Therefore, male friends should pay attention to their health in daily life. Phenomenon, it is necessary to go to the regular hospital for examination and treatment in time to avoid the deterioration of the condition and cause greater harm.
There are many problems affecting the fertility of couples of childbearing age. Among them, the infertility caused by the woman’s uterus is also relatively common. Adenomyosis is one of them. So if you have adenomyosis and want to do IVF pregnancy, can you? Can adenomyosis be successful in test tube? adenomyosis is a gynecological disease in which the normal endometrium invades into the muscle wall, accompanied by each menstrual period, and shows diffuse hyperplasia of the myometrium. Because the uterine muscle layer is filled with some endometrial material, the volume of the uterus becomes larger. In severe cases, the uterus is even several times larger than the normal volume. The enlarged uterus will cause the uterine muscles to contract intensively, which will make the embryo difficult to implant. The patient It is easy to have premature delivery or miscarriage after pregnancy. The effect of adenomyosis on pregnancy is mainly in the fallopian tubes. When the endometrial glands and interstitium begin to invade the myometrium, a limited or diffuse lesion will form, and then the uterine horn will also begin to change, and then press the opening of the fallopian tube. , Resulting in obstruction of the fallopian tubes, so that sperm and eggs can not meet, resulting in infertility. What is the success rate of test-tube infants with adenomyosis? According to the patient’s own physical condition, there are many cases of test-tube success in adenomyosis clinically. It is recommended that patient friends do pre-physical examinations in advance, and then through the doctor’s targeted conditioning program, and then enter the test tube cycle, which is more conducive to the improvement of the success rate of test tube babies.
What is the normal thickness of the endometrium? This problem can halo everyone every time; when it is too thin then it is too thick; sometimes it becomes thicker or thinner without worry; sometimes it affects pregnancy. In fact, every month the endometrium continuously changes periodically under the action of the estrogen and progesterone secreted by the ovaries, so every time we look at the cycle to see if the thickness of the endometrium is normal. Menstrual period The initial stage of the menstrual cycle is the menstrual period. The endometrium is necrotic and exfoliated and flows out with menstrual blood. At this time, the endometrium is very thin, and it should be less than 5mm under normal circumstances. If the endometrium is near the end of the menstrual period The thickness is still more than 7mm, which means that the endometrial peeling is not complete and is abnormal. The follicular development period then enters the follicular development period, at which time the follicles in the ovary begin to develop and the endometrium thickens. If the diameter of the dominant follicle reaches or exceeds 15mm, the thickness of the endometrium should be 7-8mm or more. In normal women, the thickness of the endometrium can reach about 9mm. If, on the 10th day of the menstrual cycle, the ovary is polycystic and no dominant follicles are seen in both ovaries, the thickness of the endometrium is 5 mm at this time. This situation cannot be said that the endometrium is thin because there is no Large follicles exist, there is no corresponding estradiol in the body, and of course the endometrium will not be thick. If the diameter of the dominant follicle reaches 18mm and the thickness of the endometrium is 5mm, this situation can be said to be thin, which is definitely a problem. There are many reasons, for example, oral administration of certain drugs affects endometrial hyperplasia, and the presence of intrauterine adhesions leads to endometrial hyperplasia. The specific reasons need to be combined with B-ultrasound specific analysis. Cases of infertility caused by thin endometrium: Ms. Li’s factor of thin endometrium has suffered from infertility for 3 years. Ms. Li was very happy when she was pregnant for the first time, but her joy did not last long, and she developed symptoms of threatened miscarriage. Even if she was careful, she still miscarried in the 12th week. Due to an incomplete abortion, she underwent uterine surgery. In the next 3 years, Ms. Li did not conceive her baby again. She realized that her body might have a problem, and she went to various hospitals for many times. The problem was not solved. After many setbacks, Ms. Li heard from her friend that she came to Beijing Weiren Hospital. In our hospital, she was diagnosed as having a thin endometrium due to curettage, and it was difficult to implant the embryo, which made her infertile. In response to Ms. Li’s problems, Dr. Cheng treated her with estrogen supplementation. After treatment, Ms. Li became pregnant again. Now she has successfully given birth to a healthy and cute baby! Endometrial shape In addition to the thinness of the endometrium, doctors also look at the shape of the endometrium to determine whether it is normal. For example, patients often ask: What does it mean that the endometrial echo is uneven? The endometrial echo is uneven. There are some point-like or sheet-like high echoes between the uterine cavity line and the upper and lower lines. Some patients have a clear high echo near the uterine cavity line, which is endometrial polyps. The obvious interruption of the cervical line is usually a sign of cervical adhesions.  . Summary In general, the size of the follicle reaches 18mm-25mm, and the thickness of the endometrium reaches 8mm-12mm, so that women can become pregnant and have children. If the follicle is less than 18mm, the fertilization ability is poor, and it is more difficult to get pregnant after being discharged; if it is greater than 25mm, the follicle is difficult to be discharged, it is easy to be luteinized, and it is impossible to get pregnant normally. The endometrium is also the same, too thin or too thick are not conducive to implantation of fertilized eggs, even if implanted, it is prone to miscarriage, fetal abortion, and ultimately lead to female infertility.
A large proportion of women who are planning to become pregnant are fighting ovulation. Some people have won in the struggle, some have lost in the struggle, and they are confused. Pregnancy or not, although not an ovulation can be determined. But regular ovulation of the ovaries is indeed an important part of fertility. In female infertility, ovulation disorders account for about 20%–30%. In the final analysis, the birth of life is the encounter and combination of sperm and egg. In the process of combining sperm and egg, the sperm carries the genetic information of the father and the egg carries the genetic information of the mother. After experiencing many difficulties, the sperm enters the egg through the zona pellucida and begins the growth and evolution of life. However, in one case, no matter how hard the sperm is, it is only in vain. Let’s take a look at the obstacles on the way to follicle maturation? What should I do if I encounter an ovulation disorder? Let’s first understand the development process of the lower follicles (the calculation time below is an example of the 30-day menstrual cycle): 1. From the original follicle to the dominant follicle at the beginning of each menstrual cycle, there will be multiple original follicles that are called by hormones. Start to develop. By the 7th day of the menstrual cycle, in this batch of follicles, the 1 to 2 most sensitive to follicle-stimulating hormone will develop preferentially and become a dominant follicle with a diameter of> 10mm. After the dominant follicle is produced, it will issue an inhibitory command to the ovaries, so that the remaining follicles cannot get the hormone to promote development, and can only degenerate and disappear. 2. Mature follicles-In the following days of ovulation, the dominant follicles will increase to about 18mm and become mature follicles. About 14 days after the last menstruation (12-16 days before menstruation), the egg cells and follicular fluid in the follicles will be squeezed out, which is the most anticipated time for pregnant women-ovulation! 3. After ovulation in the luteal phase, the egg enters the fallopian tube, the follicular fluid enters the abdominal cavity and is absorbed, and the residual follicle membrane in the ovary is not idle. Instead, it quickly changes its role and starts the logistical work-the corpus luteum, continuing to escort the egg . The corpus luteum secretes estrogen and progesterone to regulate the endometrial receptivity, prepares for embryo implantation, and enters the fork of the follicle “life” at the same time: ending 1. pregnancy If the egg and sperm are combined into a fertilized egg, and smoothly At the beginning of pregnancy, the corpus luteum will continue to grow. It will not retreat and slowly shrink until June is even later. Outcome 2. Non-pregnancy If the egg does not combine with sperm to form a fertilized egg, or embryo implantation fails, the corpus luteum will begin to degenerate 9-10 days after ovulation, and the secretion of estrogen and progesterone will gradually decrease until menstruation. At this time, there will be another batch of follicles in the ovary that will start a new cycle. What are the obstacles on the way to follicle maturation? According to egg meiosis block, egg maturation disorder syndrome is divided into GV block period, MI block period, MII block period and mixed block in different periods. According to the mechanism of egg development, it can be divided into hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad axis dysfunction. Infertility caused by ovarian factors accounts for about 15% to 25% of infertility. At present, the most common clinical follicle maturation disorders are: 1. Anovulatory: This type is mainly seen in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), mainly manifested by the absence of obvious dominant follicle discharge under B ultrasound. 2. Persistent small follicle disease: This type of patient shows that many small and immature follicles can be seen under B-ultrasound, most of which are arranged along the edge of the ovary. The reason may be due to the continuous increase of luteinizing hormone in the ovary Caused by. 3. Ovulation microdeficiency syndrome (LUFS) and immature follicle rupture: the main manifestation is that the follicles have not been discharged within 72 hours after maturation, which will eventually cause the follicles to become luteinized cysts. 4. Overmature egg aging discharge: Under normal LH level, mature eggs will be discharged within 34-39 hours. If it is more than 48 hours, it is called overmature egg aging discharge. Why are there obstacles to follicle maturation? The follicle maturation disorder is mainly caused by abnormal ovarian function. We know that the ovarian reserve function and endocrine function are the main factors affecting egg quality. Therefore, factors that can affect ovarian function may cause follicular maturation disorders. The following reasons are common reasons at present: 1. Age factor: Women’s reproductive function gradually declines with age. It is generally believed that ovarian function begins to decline sharply under 36 years of age. However, the relationship between ovarian function and age is different in some people. Some people are in their twenties
By measuring the hormone levels of six sex hormones, you can understand the function of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis and the basic state of the ovary, which can be used to diagnose and differentially diagnose diseases related to endocrine disorders. The six sex hormones are mainly to determine the hormone levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), testosterone (T), prolactin (PRL), and according to The value of various hormone levels to judge the patient’s condition. What does it mean for patients to get confused about these cumbersome data when they get the test form? Today, the editor will give you one of the popular science testosterone (T) What is testosterone? Testosterone, called English Testosterone, is secreted by male testes or female ovaries, and adrenaline also secretes a small amount of testosterone. Testosterone is a steroid hormone that has the effects of maintaining muscle strength and mass, maintaining bone density and strength, refreshing and improving physical fitness. (Overview of testosterone) What is the normal value of testosterone? Whether men or women, testosterone is very important for health, including refreshing and improving physical fitness, enhancing libido, strength, immune function and other effects. Generally, the amount of testosterone in men is 20 times that of women. The normal testosterone value of adult males is between 14nmol/L and 25.4nmol/L. Normal testosterone in adult women Normal testosterone in adult women is between 1.3 nmol/L and 2.8 nmol/L; Normal testosterone in pregnant women is between 2.7 nmol/L and 5.3 nmol/L. Clinical application of testosterone 1. Detection and functional evaluation of male testis and prostate-related diseases Testosterone is the most active male hormone secreted by testicular stromal cells, which can intuitively evaluate the functional status of testis. Testosterone is an evaluation index of male gonadal function, used to diagnose male precocious puberty, testicular tumor, testicular feminization, primary or secondary hypogonadism and other diseases. It can also be used to monitor the course and prognosis of androgen therapy. The prostate is an androgen-dependent organ. Testosterone is especially important for the growth of normal prostate epithelium. Testosterone is converted into DHT in target organs such as prostate and epididymis. It binds with androgen receptors to play a biological role. Testosterone Testosterone plays an extremely important role in the normal physiology and cancer of the prostate. 2. Diagnosis of female ovarian and adrenal cortex-related diseases, assessment of sex hormone levels Female androgens mainly come from the peripheral transformation of hormone precursors by ovaries, adrenal cortex and non-endocrine tissues. When women develop ovarian masculine tumors, there will be progressive and androgen excess symptoms and elevated serum androgens in the short term. Testosterone can also be used as an evaluation index for the efficacy of polycystic ovary syndrome. The serum testosterone value in patients shows a mild to moderate increase, which is not only the result of long-term non-ovulation, but also the reason for further affecting ovulation; adrenal hyperplasia tumors can cause The increase in serum testosterone value can be used for screening of related diseases; in addition, the serum testosterone level can also be used for the differential diagnosis of female hirsutism, hyperprolactinemia and the monitoring of the treatment process of androgen-related endocrine drugs. 3. Related diseases that cause non-specific changes of testosterone assist in the diagnosis of hypothalamic-pituitary hyperfunction, increased secretion of gonadotropins, thereby promoting increased testosterone and adrenal secretion of testosterone, such as pituitary tumors, brain tissue hyperplasia, etc.; when the body has hyperthyroidism, liver Diseases such as sclerosis, hypothyroidism, and severe malnutrition can cause changes in the amount of sex hormone binding proteins, which can affect the concentration of testosterone in the serum.
The ovary is an important organ for women to maintain health and fertility, and maintaining the ovary is the top priority for fertility. Now some female friends stay up all night, smoke, drink alcohol, and ignore their own bodies. Over time, they will cause great harm to the ovaries. So, in normal life, how can we improve ovarian function and enhance egg quality? Want to improve ovarian function and strengthen egg quality, these methods should not be missed. 1. Pay attention to the management of vitamin C, E and carotene in fresh vegetables and fruits in daily diet is the best element for anti-aging. Carotene can maintain the health of human tissues or outer tissues of organs, while vitamins C and E can delay the aging of cells due to oxidation. For women who are preparing for pregnancy, the best source of protein is fish. Fish can avoid excessive fat, and fish oil also contains fish oil containing omega-3 fatty acids (omega 3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), With docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), these are nutrients that can reduce inflammation. In addition, fish oil can also be added after meals. Please take test fish oil to avoid heavy metal intake. Roasted fried, excessive sweets, over-processed foods, etc. should be reduced. Soybeans, cereals, wheat, black rice, black beans, sunflower seeds, onions, yam, soybeans, black beans, soy milk, etc. can be ingested in moderation. 2. Eat more vitamin E-containing food Vitamin E (VitaminE): It is a fat-soluble vitamin and one of the most important antioxidants. Supplementation after lack of vitamin E can promote the secretion of sex hormones, increase the female estrogen concentration, improve fertility, and prevent miscarriage. Natural vitamin E often comes from vegetable oils such as palm oil, sunflower oil, seed oil, corn oil, soybean oil and olive oil, nuts (peanuts, sunflower seeds, etc.), grains, fish, peanut butter and green leafy vegetables. 3. Maintaining normal work and rest People who stay up late clinically and people who have abnormal meals and malnutrition are common groups with insufficient ovarian function. Therefore, a healthy work and rest is a necessary condition for maintaining normal ovarian function. 4. Adjusting emotions Women should be good at adjusting their emotions, treat psychological conflicts correctly, learn to vent their bad emotions properly, and have some help in maintaining ovaries. 5. Proper exercise Some experts have found that women who lack exercise have premature ovarian failure much earlier than women who exercise regularly. This shows that women’s persistent exercise can make ovarian decline later.
The fallopian tube is not only an indispensable channel in the process of female pregnancy, but also a very fragile channel. Factors such as inflammation and infection can easily involve the fallopian tube and cause the fallopian tube blockage problem. In all female infertility, it is caused by the fallopian tube problem Infertility accounts for about 40% of the proportion. How should women treat tubal blockage? For tubal blockage, in fact, female friends need not worry. With the continuous development of medical technology for treating infertility, the treatment of tubal blockage is actually It is no longer a problem. First of all, it is usually recommended that female patients be treated with dredging surgery first, and use dredging surgery to help the fallopian tubes recover, and then the female friends can become pregnant through the same room. However, due to the major disadvantages of tubal dredge surgery, firstly, it may not be successful during the operation, and secondly, it is very easy to re-clog even after the successful dredge. The opportunity for women to become pregnant after dredge is only half a year. Most of the successful pregnancy is re-clogging. Therefore, when encountering the problem of tubal blockage, many patients now choose to be test-tube babies, because test-tube babies help patients solve difficult pregnancy problems through in vitro fertilization, so they do not need to After the fallopian tube, the fallopian tube blockage will naturally not affect the process of female pregnancy.
Pregnancy is the desire of every family, and finally there is good news, but the news is abortion. I heard that sperm quality will cause abortion, so what kind of sperm will cause female abortion? What kind of sperm will cause females Abortion? Sperm problems lead to abortion due to the following reasons: 1. If the sperm chromosome is abnormal, if the chromosome is abnormal, the sperm produced by the sperm is more likely to have a chromosomal abnormality. For example, if the genetic material is abnormal, the sperm and the egg are combined directly. It leads to abnormal chromosomal abnormalities of the embryonic baby, which increases the chance of miscarriage. 2. High sperm DNA fragmentation rate The good and bad of Mr. Sperm, in addition to the number, vitality and morphology, there are functional tests of sperm, such as sperm DNA fragmentation. The rate of sperm DNA fragmentation is increased, as if it was internally injured, the surface looks normal, but the internal organs are damaged. Even if it can combine with the egg, it also increases the chance of early embryo stop. 3. Anti-sperm antibodies on the surface of the sperm membrane under normal circumstances Fertilization, with the help of sperm, a single sperm attacks the egg castle and enters the inside of the egg, such as the presence of antibodies on the surface of the sperm membrane. One is to reduce the ability of the sperm to attack the egg castle. The second is to increase the possibility of bringing foreign objects into the castle. Thereby increasing the risk of normal development of the baby embryo.
20162020 Leren’s health is the hottest and humid time in summer from three meals a day to three days of life. Not only is it extremely hot, but it is also prone to some health problems. So many people hate dog days. However, traditional Chinese medicine teaches the theory of “correspondence between man and nature”. The human body must adapt to changes in the natural environment and seasonal climate. Today, the editor will take you to understand, how to spend the scorching hot days. San Fu Tian diet recommends proper consumption of sweet and sour food. San Fu Tian diet can choose some sweet and cold foods to balance the body state, such as: watermelon, mung bean, white fungus, wild rice, etc. But remember not to eat too much, just moderate. At the same time, when the weather is hot and humid, the human body will feel uncomfortable. There will be no appetite for eating, and the gastrointestinal function will be weakened. Eating some acidic foods, such as pineapple, lemon, plum, grapes, etc., can promote appetite and regulate gastrointestinal function. Eat bitter foods often, the three-volt temperature is hot, people will have obvious fatigue and irritability because of the high temperature and humid weather. You can add some bitter foods in your diet, for example: bitter gourd, bitter buckwheat, bitter chrysanthemum, etc. Although this kind of bitter food is not delicious, it can clear the heat and prevent heat, help us eliminate the feeling of fatigue, can appetite and strengthen the spleen, promote food, and restore mental state. Drinking water for health The most important thing in a three-day diet is drinking water for health. Because in the three-volt season, the yang is strong, the body’s yang is greatly increased, and the yin is weak, and the cold qi in the body is easy to resolve. If you exercise a little, you will sweat a lot. If you do not replenish water in time, the body will have insufficient fluid and lack of water. The dysfunction is bad for your health. In addition to timely water supplementation, drinking water for health can increase more water-rich teas, soups, and fruit foods in the diet. Eat Yiqi Yangyin foods. The three-day days are very hot, and people will sweat a lot when they go out. It is easy to consume gas and hurt the yin. As the old saying goes, San Fu is “free from disease and three points are empty”, so you should pay attention to eating more foods that benefit qi and nourish yin. For example: yam, white fungus, fungus, lotus root, duck meat, honey, jujube, etc. Lerenhao’s “pregnant” kitchen prepares the exclusive kitchen for pregnant mothers. Expectant mothers no longer have to worry about what to eat. Bitter melon stuffed meat Ingredients: 1 bitter gourd, 300 grams of minced meat stuffing Accessories: appropriate amount of wolfberry Practice: 1. First prepare some Minced meat with chives, minced three-quarter fat and thin-skinned sandwich, add your favorite seasoning and mix well to form a filling. 2. One bitter gourd, clean and cut into small pieces of about 2 cm, use a spoon to dig out the flesh. 3. Place dug bitter gourd circles one by one into the dish. Note that the white flakes are the source of bitterness. They must be dug clean, and they will not be bitter. 4. Then each bitter gourd ring is filled with meat stuffing, and a meat stuffing ball is placed on the top, a few medlars are decorated, and put on the steamer. 5. Steam for 10-15 minutes before serving.
What is the cause of male dead sperm disease? More and more men with dead sperm disease, dead sperm disease is a great blow to a family. The first thing that patients want to completely cure the disease is dead sperm disease What is the original cause. The following experts from Beijing Weiren Hospital will introduce what causes male dead spermosis 1. Male genital tract inflammation: such as inflammation of the epididymis, seminal vesicles, and prostate can cause abnormalities in seminal plasma, its pH, oxygen supply, nutrition, metabolism, etc. Can reduce the sperm survival rate. 2. Varicose veins: Varicose veins can impede blood return, hypoxia in the testes, and harmful substances accumulate in the testes, causing dead sperm. 3. Trace element deficiency: Especially when zinc deficiency, it can lead to death. 4. Chromosome abnormalities, bad living habits, environmental pollution, etc. may cause the sperm survival rate to decrease without sterility. After reading about what caused death syndrome, I hope you can prevent the cause. Here I wish the patient to get rid of the pain of the disease as soon as possible.
In daily life, many newly-married men are unable to have children and go to the hospital for a diagnosis to confirm that the vas deferens are blocked. As one of male infertility diseases, clogged vas deferens has caused serious harm to many families. So, what are the common symptoms of vas deferens obstruction? What are the common symptoms of vas deferens obstruction 1. Reproductive system infection: After examination, men who generally suffer from vas deferens obstruction can often be accompanied by symptoms of reproductive system infection . 2. Sexual dysfunction: Patients with blocked vas deferens often have different degrees of sexual dysfunction, such as ejaculation pain or weakness. 3. Abnormal epididymal vas deferens: The epididymis and vas deferens appear abnormal during palpation, often showing bead-like changes, thickening and loss, and the blood FSH level is basically normal or slightly increased. 4. No sperm in semen: clogged vas deferens prevents sperm from running out. So it is difficult to find sperm in the ejaculate. At the same time, when the sperm produced by the testis accumulates more, it will cause anterior blockage. Once the internal pressure increases, a sperm cyst can be formed. At the same time, it can also cause backpressure testicular atrophy, which may affect the spermatogenesis and endocrine of the testis. Features. There are many symptoms of vas deferens obstruction. Once a male friend has the above symptoms, he must go to a regular hospital to confirm the diagnosis in time. If the vas deferens are diagnosed, do not blindly use drugs. Obey the doctor’s recommendations for treatment. Closure of the vas deferens is not an incurable disease. Scientific treatment is the key.
Healthy women will have superior follicles to discharge their eggs every month, but they can rupture when they reach 25 mm. However, for women with abnormal ovulation, the follicles have not grown, even if they do not break after they grow up, they will shrink, which affects women. Conception. 1. Polycystic ovary syndrome 90% of patients with polycystic ovary syndrome will have an impossible situation, there are many follicles, but they are not mature and immature. Such patients should choose a regular hospital for treatment, combined with their own needs Come to conditioning. If you want to simply regulate menstrual endocrine, then you should let the menstrual regularity. If you have fertility needs, you should choose the combination of Chinese and Western medicine to regulate or use minimally invasive surgery. 2. Premature ovarian failure The ovary has the effect of expelling eggs. Once premature aging occurs, the follicles are not easy to develop and rupture. The main causes of premature ovarian failure are low immune system, genetics, infection, poor living environment, and gonadotropin receptors. Abnormalities and abnormalities and defects of enzymes occur. 3. Endocrine dysfunction Women’s ovarian secretion is abnormal, or the hypothalamus regulates pituitary dysfunction, which will lead to female infertility. This kind of need not worry too much. As long as you choose a regular hospital for timely treatment, you can be completely cured. What should I do if the follicles haven’t grown up? 1. Choose a regular hospital to receive treatment. When a ovulation disorder occurs, you should choose a regular hospital to check the cause. You must not blindly choose diet, drugs or exercise methods to adjust. There are some cases that must be passed Regular treatment can restore ovulation to normal. 2. To adjust the diet structure Unhealthy diet structure will lead to ovulation disorders, such as excessive dieting and weight loss, timely adjustment can restore normal ovulation. Endocrine disorders will reduce ovarian function, eat less spicy and irritating and cold food, eat moderate and fresh vegetables and fruits, maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, and restore normal ovarian function. 3. The more obese the body is, the higher the risk of polycystic ovary syndrome, and the higher the risk of diabetes and hypertension, which will affect the ovarian function to varying degrees. Exercise can consume fat and improve the immune system, but be sure to choose appropriate healthy exercise. Warm reminder: you should contact bad living habits in time, make nutrition balance, exercise your body properly to break down fat, avoid excessive obesity, eat cold and spicy stimulating food, and maintain an optimistic attitude.
The emergence of azoospermia makes many men suffer miserably. Azoospermia can lead to male infertility, so if you want to treat azoospermia, you need to know the cause of such diseases. So, what are the causes of male azoospermia? Experts from Beijing Weiren Hospital make the following answers for you: What are the causes of male azoospermia? 1. Semen is not liquefied or has a high viscosity: This situation often affects The ability of sperm to move, which in turn leads to infertility. 2. Endocrine hormones: This cause mainly affects the occurrence and maturation of sperm, and affects the sperm’s ability to exercise, reduces sperm motility from the side, and may lead to infertility. 3. Autosomal and sex chromosome aberrations: not only affect the number of sperm, but also affect the sperm viability and forward movement ability, which is one of the more serious causes. 4. The existence of anti-sperm antibodies: It can affect the fertilization function of sperm and reduce the vitality of sperm from several different ways, thereby reducing the exercise ability and reducing the penetration ability, which ultimately leads to infertility. 5. Infection: mainly includes epididymitis, seminal vesiculitis and prostatitis, vas deferens infection and other acute and chronic genital tract or gonad infections, the spread of these diseases may reduce the ability of sperm motility. So if you want to stay away from the infertility caused by azoospermia, in addition to daily prevention, you need to actively treat it.