Does obesity affect pregnancy?

In recent years, problems such as endocrine disorders caused by environmental pollution, increased living pressure, delayed childbearing age, and increased abortion have increased. The number of infertility patients in my country is still increasing at an annual rate of 5%. So, in daily life, what bad lifestyles will affect pregnancy? 1. Smoking/drinking men will greatly reduce the quality of sperm if they smoke and drink alcohol, and second-hand smoke will also affect the swing of the fallopian tube cilia of women, which will affect the picking of eggs and the delivery of fertilized eggs. 2. High temperature environment High temperature is not conducive to sperm production, reduce sperm quality, and even kill sperm. 3. High-dose coffee Coffee is a refreshing drink, but drinking a lot of coffee for a long time will prevent the egg from running from the ovary to the uterus. 4. Underweight or overweight not only affects men’s ovulation and ovulation, but underweight may affect pregnancy. 5. Drugs affect some hormones, sleeping pills, painkillers and antipsychotic drugs, which will also affect our normal reproductive system, leading to infertility. Judging from the impact of the above, one of them is alert, that is the problem of obesity! With the influence of economic development and changes in people’s lifestyles, the problem of obesity in modern women is becoming increasingly prominent. So, does obesity affect pregnancy? Obesity patients are far more difficult to become pregnant than normal women. In fact, obesity is an important factor affecting pregnancy. Obesity can affect the body’s endocrine system, which in turn affects the menstrual cycle, leading to infertility. Studies have shown that people with normal weight are significantly more likely to become pregnant within one year of marriage than obese people. The risk of infertility in adult female obese women is 2.84 times that of normal-weight people. The greater the BMI index, the greater the risk of anovulatory infertility. In addition to causing infertility, obesity also has a great impact on pregnancy, which can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy, such as preeclampsia and diabetes. There are many ways to lose weight, such as diet adjustment, exercise, medicine, etc. After weight loss, most patients can restore normal ovulation function and undergo natural pregnancy. The doctor explained: It is recommended to carry out under the guidance of a doctor. Do not blindly diet and take medicine to lose weight, especially if you eat weight loss pills that do not meet the standards or even illegally add, it may bring new health risks. &nbsp.

How can sperm traverse this river due to hydrosalpinx?

   Fallopian tube hydrops is a kind of fallopian tube disease, mostly caused by inflammation of the fallopian tube and inflammation of other reproductive organs. In most patients, the causes of hydrops are mostly related to the following factors. Hydrosalpinx may be related to these factors 1. A lot of pelvic effusions due to unclean sex are caused by inflammation of the internal genitals, inflammation of the appendix, pelvic inflammation, etc. These inflammations can also lead to the appearance of hydrosalpinx in women In the internal genitalitis, appendicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, unclean sex life is the main cause of disease. 2. Pelvic inflammation After the pelvic inflammation occurs, the genital tract will interact with the surrounding tissues. If female chronic pelvic inflammatory disease is not treated in time, it will also cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes. Pregnancy. 3. Chronic salpingitis If chronic salpingitis is not treated or cured for a long time, it can cause mucosa and adhesions in the fallopian tube, resulting in blockage of the fallopian tube, which leads to secondary infertility. Non-blocking in the lumen of the fallopian tube will increase the incidence of ectopic pregnancy. Chance, when the umbrella end of the fallopian tube sticks due to inflammation, hydrops may also occur, but the patient may not have obvious symptoms. 4. Abortion and abortion can be divided into medical abortion and spontaneous abortion. Medical abortion does not require surgery and has less damage to the uterus, but if the remaining embryo is in the uterus, it will still cause intrauterine infection and damage the endometrium, resulting in fallopian tubes. Stagnant water.   5. Fallopian tube empyema    There are also some cases of hydrops in the fallopian tube that are formed due to the transformation of the fallopian tube empyema, and the pus gradually turns into a clear water sample fluid, which slowly forms hydrops.  Precautions for tubal hydrops    1. Women in normal life should also pay attention to their vulva and personal hygiene, especially menstruation, and pay attention to infections from sanitary ware and toilets.   2. Increase physical exercise in daily life, enhance physical fitness, resistance, immunity, and reduce the chance of germ invasion. Strengthen nutrition and hygiene during menstruation, after abortion, after childbirth, and pay attention to your own health.   3. During sexual life, you should pay attention to the personal hygiene of yourself and your partner. Both sides of the house should wash the external reproductive parts to prevent the smooth invasion of germs. If women have vaginal bleeding symptoms, they should stop their sexual life.   4. Female patients with acute fallopian tube injury should take a semi-recumbent position to rest and prevent and restrict the flow of inflammatory fluids due to changes in body position.   5. Once a woman suffers from fallopian tube effusion, she should abide by the principles of treatment, adopt a positive attitude, and thoroughly treat it, control the condition as soon as possible, and prevent it from becoming chronic.

Will hydrosalpinx cause infertility? What are the symptoms?

   Fallopian tube hydrops is caused by pelvic infection caused by tissue adhesion in the pelvic cavity, the distal end of the fallopian tube is blocked, and the uterine serous exudate is gradually accumulated in the lumen of the fallopian tube. It is a common type of chronic fallopian tube inflammation.   Experts pointed out that hydrops of the fallopian tube will affect the sperm, egg and fertilized egg passing through the fallopian tube, which greatly reduces the chance of female pregnancy and even leads to infertility. Why is the fallopian tube hydrops Fallopian tube hydrops is a member of the pelvic inflammatory disease, mainly because of inflammation of the fallopian tube, the fallopian tube is blocked and blocked, and the inflammatory fluid secreted into the fallopian tube is trapped in the fallopian tube lumen , After a long time, the formation of hydrosalpinx.   Fallopian tube hydrops often occur after infection with Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae, as well as after miscarriage, unclean sex, and improper uterine cavity manipulation, and also due to appendicitis and appendix perforation. Symptoms of hydrosalpinx   The clinical manifestations of hydrosalpinx are the vaginal discharge of clear fluid from time to time, symptoms of lower abdominal pain, infertility, and even the possibility of acute abdominal pain after exercise or sudden change of body position requiring surgery.  Irregular menstruation    Fallopian tubes may also cause women to have irregular menstruation, causing women to have excessive menstruation, or symptoms such as increased menstrual cycle, causing greater damage to women’s health.  Dysmenorrhea  Oviductal fluid will directly cause women to have more intense dysmenorrhea symptoms. The closer to the menstrual period, the stronger the pain will be. It will not be relieved until the onset of menstruation, which often makes women miserable. Infertile tubal hydrops due to obstruction, blockage and adhesion of the lumen of the fallopian tube will prevent the egg from passing through this channel to meet the sperm normally, directly endangering the normal fertility function of the female patient, and causing women to have difficulties in fertility or Is infertile. And the fluid in the fallopian tube will be discharged into the uterine cavity from time to time. Even if the fertilized egg has the luck to reach the uterine cavity, it may be “run” or “killed” by these liquids, and these liquids will affect the quality of the baby’s “bed”. Keep your baby from resting in bed.  Ectopic pregnancy    This situation is more concerned about, women suffering from hydrosalpinx will cause ectopic pregnancy, mainly because the fertilized egg will not reach the uterine cavity, and implanted in the female fallopian tube to grow and form an ectopic pregnancy.  Expert reminder: induced abortion, spontaneous abortion, medical abortion, induced labor, unclean sexual intercourse, etc., may cause problems in the fallopian tube. Therefore, women should love themselves. When the above symptoms occur, they need to be alert to the presence of hydrops, and strive to go to the hospital for early examination and clear treatment in order to avoid serious infertility.

Itchy women’s breasts in autumn need to be careful of two major diseases

Every autumn, women always feel that their skin starts to dry and itchy. Many women also have symptoms of itchy breast milk. Many people think that dry skin does not care. Remind that it is possible for women to have itchy breast milk symptoms. It is caused by eczema or Paget’s disease.  Disease 1: Eczema  Eczema is the most common cause of breast itching, and it can occur in people of all ages. People with a history of allergies or family history are more likely to suffer from eczema. Dry skin, long bath time, environmental allergens such as dyes and fragrances in skin care products, cleansers, wool and foam, and stress. Usually diagnosed by physical examination and medical history.  Most treatment methods are local treatment, such as steroid ointment. In addition, it is recommended that patient self-care and protection are also very important to relieve eczema. The most important thing is to avoid known allergies. Try to keep the skin naturally moist. Try not to use soap as much as possible, and do not take a long hot bath.  Disease 2: Paget’s disease Paget’s disease is a rare type of breast cancer. Nipple and areola appear hypopigmented spots, which are mesh-like. This is the most worrying cause of nipple itching. The initial symptoms are itching or burning of the nipple and areola, accompanied by a hard skin. No improvement after drug treatment. Yellow or bloody discharge may also appear at the lesion.   This disease only involves one side, and the patients are mostly between 50 and 60 years old. The diagnosis can be confirmed by clinical breast examination, patient history, mammography and ultrasound examination. If you still feel suspicious, you can check the diagnosis by MRI scan.   Therefore, don’t think that the nipple is a private part of a woman and don’t care about the itchy disease of the nipple. Itch is very dangerous. Be careful of two major diseases. Women should watch out as soon as possible.

Women with high hormone levels eat snow clams or induce breast cancer

Snow clams, scientifically named “Northeast Forest Frog”, are a precious frog family amphibian, growing in the Changbai Mountains, most of the Xiaoxing’an Mountains, and the hinterland of Zhangguangcailing. They feed on wild fruits and insects because they can hibernate in the cold winter. For five months, it was named “Snow Clam”. Snow clams are traditional nourishing sacred products, especially for women. Taking snow clams can have anti-aging effects, but not every woman is suitable for taking snow clams. Women with excessive estrogen should be especially careful.  Menopausal women take snow clams to relieve menopausal discomfort.   We all know that after women enter middle age, due to the aging of the ovaries and uterus, the level of estrogen decreases, so it is necessary to supplement estrogen. The substances such as estrogen, progesterone, amino acid and nucleic acid contained in the snow clam are natural and peaceful estrogen substitutes, which can improve the activity of ovarian function and the activity of the reproductive system. In addition, snow clams contain hormones such as estradiol and octanone, and have an anabolic hormone effect, which can adjust endocrine and metabolism of menopausal women, improve blood circulation, and effectively relieve menstrual women’s menstrual cycle disorders, unstable blood pressure, hot flashes, sweating, Upset depression and other discomforts.  Young women with high hormone levels should not eat snow clams. Snow clams contain active peptides, which can promote the synthesis of human collagen. In addition, snow clams can release abundant collagen, amino acids and nucleic acids after foaming. These nutrients have good affinity with the human body and are easily absorbed by the human body. After taking, it can make women’s skin smooth and delicate, full of elasticity. Therefore, some young women are also taking snow clams. However, I think that although the snow clam has the effects of nourishing the kidney and essence, nourishing yin and nourishing the lungs, and beauty and beauty, it contains estrogen. Excessive intake will cause excessive estrogen intake, which will aggravate endocrine disorders, lead to abnormal breast hyperplasia, and increase the chance of cancer. . Therefore, snow clams should not eat more. Especially women whose estrogen levels are too high or whose digestive ability is weak are not suitable for taking snow clams. Because snow clams are often taken, it is easy to cause increased levels of estrogen, which can easily induce breast cancer and endometrial cancer.   In addition, remind that in addition to being rich in estrogen, snow clams are also more difficult to digest, which will increase the burden on the gastrointestinal tract. Young people are under heavy work pressure, and some people have endocrine disorders. If they experience symptoms such as menstrual disorders after eating snow clams, they should stop eating. If after taking Xuexue cream for a period of time and feeling breast tenderness, you should also go to the hospital to check the hormone levels. Women who eat snow clams for a long time should go to the hospital regularly to check the hormone levels and take them under the guidance of a doctor.   In addition, patients who have just had a cold, spleen deficiency, and stomach upset are not suitable for consumption. Therefore, it is best to consult a doctor before eating snow clams.

Female leucorrhea is brown and needs to be alert to pathogen infection

Leucorrhea is a viscous white liquid that flows out of the female vagina. It is a mixture of the secretions of the vestibular gland, cervical glands, endometrium and vaginal mucosa, and the exfoliated vaginal epithelial cells. Made. Leucorrhea contains lactobacilli, lysozyme and antibodies, which can inhibit the growth of bacteria. In the course of sex, women’s leucorrhea will also increase, which has a lubricating effect on the vagina, so as to facilitate a better sex life and avoid damage to the female vagina. &nbsp. Generally in the middle of menstruation, the leucorrhea will increase significantly, appear thin and transparent; and the leucorrhea after ovulation is sticky, turbid and less amount.  It can be seen that the normal leucorrhea should be a colorless, odorless, thin and viscous liquid, but some women find that their leucorrhea will turn brown, is this really abnormal?  Introduced that there are two possibilities for a woman’s leucorrhea to turn brown, one is physiological and the other is pathological.   The appearance of physiological leucorrhea is generally common one or two days before or after menstruation. It is a symptom before menstruation or menstruation has not completely flowed, which is a normal phenomenon. In addition, brown leucorrhea will also appear in the middle of two menstrual periods, that is, ovulation. This is a symptom of ovulation bleeding. It is due to the temporary decline of female estrogen levels in the middle of menstruation, which makes the endometrium lose hormone support. Part of the endometrium is shed causing regular vaginal bleeding. Normal ovulation bleeding, generally not much, will last half a day to a few days, and may be accompanied by mild abdominal pain or backache. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Every woman is likely to have ovulation bleeding, but due to the small amount of bleeding in general, it cannot be directly observed by the naked eye. However, some people will have obvious bleeding symptoms, so the severity cannot be generalized.  What is the pathological brown vaginal discharge?  1. Infection    If women do not pay attention to personal hygiene during menstruation, the use of contaminated hygiene products and the same room during menstruation can easily cause pathogen infection and lead to the occurrence of leucorrhea in women. Common infections include trichomoniasis infection, mold infection, bacterial infection, fungal infection and so on. Among them, many infections can cause gynecological inflammation, such as vulvitis and vaginitis.   2. Cervicitis    Childbirth lacerations, changes in sex hormones, or inflammation of the cervix caused by sexual activity, may cause cervical erosion and increase the leucorrhea brown. Common is chronic cervicitis, such as cervical erosion. Because cervical erosion is the most common cervicitis in women, it is the first factor that should be considered when brown leucorrhea appears.   3. Ovulation bleeding    Ovulation leucorrhea brown is usually the relationship between ovulation bleeding. The leucorrhea brown during ovulation is due to the rupture of mature ovarian follicles after ovulation, the level of estrogen drops sharply, and it cannot maintain the growth of the endometrium, causing local rupture and shedding of the endometrial surface, resulting in a breakthrough small amount of bleeding. It forms and secretes a sufficient amount of estrogen and progesterone to quickly repair the ruptured endometrial surface layer and stop bleeding, or it may be ovulation period, mature follicles secrete more estrogen, causing endometrial hyperemia to cause red blood cell leakage . Women do not have to worry too much about this phenomenon, the bleeding can disappear after about two or three days.  Be warned that ovulation bleeding may also be caused by other gynecological diseases. If you find that ovulation bleeding is too long to recover for a long time, then you should consider whether it is cervical erosion, uterine polyps, cervical cancer and other cervical diseases.  How do women who do not have abnormal leucorrhea take preventive measures?   1. The underwear should be replaced and cleaned in time. Wash the private parts with warm water once a day, try to rinse with running water, and pay attention not to use Jieyin lotion frequently. Under normal circumstances, it is best not to use it, because improper use or excessive cleaning will cause trouble, causing vaginitis, The occurrence of vaginal infections.   2. The washed underwear must be placed in the sun to dry and dry naturally. It is best to choose pure cotton, loose and appropriate underwear, and wear fewer tights and thongs.   3. Pay attention to menstrual hygiene. Avoid bathing during menstruation, it is best to use a shower. In addition, the sanitary napkins should be replaced in a timely manner so that they do not have sex during menstruation to avoid infection.   4. Do not swim in the swimming pool that is not strictly disinfected, and use special care products for care after swimming in time.  5.

Increasing incidence of gynecological diseases is related to lifestyle habits

In recent years, the gynecological department No. 1 in major hospitals is hard to find, and various types of women’s hospitals have sprung up, showing that the incidence of gynecological diseases is rising, which is related to many lifestyles.   1. Blind dieting. With the substantial improvement in living standards, not only have chronic diseases such as high blood pressure and diabetes emerged, but many fat girls have also appeared. There is a gynecological disease called polycystic ovary syndrome, which is manifested as obesity, amenorrhea, infertility, etc.; the risk of endometrial cancer in obese women is also greatly increased, and excessive dieting that evolves from fear of obesity can also affect menstrual cramps. Even menstrual flow is scarce or amenorrhea.   Second, excessive cleaning. The female reproductive system has a natural barrier and self-cleaning function, and has inherent anti-disease and anti-disease functions. For example, there is a weak acid environment in the vagina, and a large number of Lactobacillus act as “health guards” to resist the invasion of foreign bacteria. Blindly washing the vagina with cleaning fluid will destroy the balance of bacteria in the vagina, causing fungal vaginitis, bacterial vaginitis, etc., and even ascending infection will lead to endometritis, salpingitis, and pelvic peritonitis.   3. Ignore abdominal pain. “It’s okay to have lower abdominal pain and increased leucorrhea; it’s so troublesome to go to the hospital and so on.” All these practices are undesirable. Dysmenorrhea, especially dysmenorrhea with secondary progressive aggravation, is mostly caused by adenomyosis, endometriosis, etc., and needs to be treated in different ways according to the severity. It is not the menstrual period, but the lower abdomen is swollen, the lumbosacral pain is accompanied by an increase in leucorrhea, and it is most likely to be pelvic inflammation, which needs to be treated according to the severity of the disease under the guidance of a doctor. Sudden lower abdominal pain requires caution against torsion of ovarian cyst pedicles and rupture of the corpus luteum, delaying the condition may be life-threatening.   Fourth, laissez-faire behavior. The relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer has formed a consensus in the medical community. Sexual contact is the main way of infection. Multi-sex partners undoubtedly greatly increase the chance of HPV infection, thus increasing the incidence of cervical cancer. If you start sex prematurely because the cervical epithelial development is not yet mature, you are more likely to get sick due to poor disease resistance. Survey data shows that multiple extramarital sex partners have a 2-3 times higher risk of cervical cancer than those with a single fixed sex partner, and the incidence of cervical lesions is many times higher for those whose first sexual activity occurs before the age of 18. It is best for women to develop the following four habits: 1. Regular rest, balanced diet, and maintain standard weight; 2. Maintain good hygiene habits, changing underwear daily; 3. Cleanse yourself, healthy sex life, every year after the age of 25 Screening for cervical cancer; 4. Seek medical treatment for abdominal pain and discomfort early, and see emergency department for sudden attacks.

Uterine cyst

Uterine cysts, which grow between the uterine muscle walls, may be cystic adenomyoma, because the endometrium grows and bleeds in the myometrium, thereby forming a local cyst cavity, which may be contained in the cyst cavity An old blood, and this cyst is formed. Such cysts are relatively rare. Uterine cysts are commonly referred to as cervical cysts, and are a type of chronic cervicitis. Alias ​​is cervical cyst, cyst. Cervical cyst is a pathological manifestation of chronic cervicitis. There are many gland openings on the surface of the normal cervix, which secrete mucus to lubricate the cervix and vagina. When chronic inflammation occurs in the cervix, the following two situations will occur and a cervical cyst will form. :1. During the healing process of cervical erosion, the neonatal squamous epithelium covers the cervical gland duct or extends into the gland duct to block the gland duct; the connective tissue around the gland duct hyperplasia or scar formation oppresses the gland duct and changes the gland duct Narrow or even obstructed, drainage of glandular secretions is blocked and retained to form cysts, called cervical cysts. 2. In chronic cervicitis, the cervical glands and surrounding tissues proliferate. Causes the gland mouth to block, so that the secretions in the gland can’t flow out and remain inside, causing the gland cavity to expand, forming a cyst-like mass of different sizes, called cervical gland retention cyst. These two forms are cervical cysts. Cervical cysts are a type of chronic cervicitis, generally without obvious symptoms. If accompanied by cervicitis, there will be increased leucorrhea, color change, large amount, and sometimes leucorrhea blood. In severe cases, there may also be contact bleeding. If accompanied by pelvic inflammatory disease, there will be pain in the lower abdomen or lumbosacral, frequent falling pain or dysmenorrhea. Scattered and smaller cervical cysts generally do not need treatment, and regular inspections can be performed every year. For smaller, dense, or larger cysts, physical therapy such as phototherapy, laser, microwave, etc. may be considered because it may cause local resistance to decline and induce HPV virus infection. The disease generally has a good prognosis. For daily care: insist on cleaning the vulva every day, pay attention to sexual hygiene, penetrate underwear, pay attention to eating spicy and irritating food, and maintain a comfortable mood# Women Health#

Uterine cyst

#女子健康# Uterine cysts, which grow between the muscle walls of the uterus, may be cystic adenomyoma, because the endometrium grows and bleeds in the myometrium, thereby forming a cystic cavity in the local area. There may be a kind of old blood, and this cyst is formed. Such cysts are relatively rare. Uterine cysts are commonly referred to as cervical cysts, and are a type of chronic cervicitis. The alias is cervical cyst. Cervical cyst is a pathological manifestation of chronic cervicitis. There are many gland openings on the surface of the normal cervix, which secrete mucus to lubricate the cervix and vagina. When chronic inflammation occurs in the cervix, the following two situations will occur, forming a cervical cyst: 1. During the healing process of cervical erosion, the new scales The epithelium covers the mouth of the cervical gland duct or extends into the gland duct to block the gland duct; the connective tissue proliferation or scar formation around the gland duct oppresses the gland duct, narrowing or even blocking the gland duct, and the drainage of glandular secretions is blocked and formed. Cysts, called cervical Nessler’s cysts. 2. In chronic cervicitis, the cervical glands and surrounding tissues proliferate. Causes the gland mouth to block, so that the secretions in the gland can’t flow out and remain inside, causing the gland cavity to expand, forming a cyst-like mass of different sizes, called cervical gland retention cyst. These two forms are cervical cysts. Cervical cysts are a type of chronic cervicitis, generally without obvious symptoms. If accompanied by cervicitis, there will be increased leucorrhea, color change, large amount, and sometimes leucorrhea blood. In severe cases, there may also be contact bleeding. If the lower abdomen or lumbosacral are accompanied by pelvic inflammatory disease, pain often occurs, falling pain or dysmenorrhea. Scattered and smaller cervical cysts generally do not need treatment, and regular inspections can be performed every year. For dense, small or large cysts, phototherapy, laser, microwave, and other physical treatments can be considered. The disease generally has a good prognosis. For daily care: insist on cleaning the vulva every day, pay attention to sexual hygiene, penetrate underwear, pay attention to eating spicy and irritating food, and maintain a comfortable mood# Women Health#

Uterine cyst (cystic adenomyosis)

Uterine cysts&nbsp.&nbsp. Uterine cysts are actually not so common in clinic. The muscular layer of the uterus is muscle tissue. Unlike the ovary, there are many cystic structures in the ovary. Follicles, corpus luteum, and tumors may all be cysts. Sexually, a cyst is formed, and a cyst in the uterus often indicates some degenerative diseases of the myometrium. &nbsp.&nbsp. Uterine cysts are most commonly caused by the liquefaction of uterine fibroids. A fibrous cavity may be formed inside the fibroids. Ultrasound will appear as an echoless cyst. Another more common one is cystic adenomyosis, because the endometrium erodes into the myometrium, forming a localized bleeding focus. In general, the bleeding focus of adenomyosis is not too large, so there will be no cyst formation. , But in some cases a large cyst may also form. &nbsp.&nbsp. The following case is a cystic adenomyosis patient we dealt with in 2019. The patient is from Shandong, 27 years old, has a history of birth, has had severe dysmenorrhea in the past 7 years, before coming to the clinic It was found that a cyst was treated on the uterus, 3.4*2.9*3.3cm, combined with the medical history, we considered the existence of cystic adenomyosis. In the subsequent MRI examination, it was confirmed that there was a bleeding lesion in the uterine wall (see figure below). &nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 1. Ultrasound suggests cystic nodules in the corner of the uterus&nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 2. MRI sagittal position shows bleeding lesions on the uterine wall (white part in the figure)&nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 3.MRI cross section The uterine lesions can be seen on the surface. The traditional treatment for cystic adenomyosis is to use laparoscopic uterine lesion resection or hysterectomy. This method is relatively more invasive. After the outpatient ultrasound evaluation path, we The ultrasound subvaginal microwave ablation method used for her is based on the method of puncturing the lesion with a microwave ablation needle and releasing the heat energy to destroy the lesion. &nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 4. The process of microwave ablation treatment&nbsp.&nbsp. This puncture ablation treatment is equivalent to a shot in the uterus. The trauma is much smaller than laparoscopic surgery. &nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 5. Postoperative MRI (sagittal position)&nbsp.&nbsp.Figure 6 Postoperative MRI (coronary position)&nbsp.&nbsp.From the postoperative pictures of Figures 5 and 6, the cystic adenomyosis lesions It was destroyed by energy. The black shadow on the picture shows that there is no blood supply, which is in sharp contrast with the surrounding uterine wall. &nbsp.&nbsp. After the operation, the patient’s dysmenorrhea symptoms have been eliminated and continue to this day. &nbsp.&nbsp. As can be seen from this example, cystic adenomyosis is also a type of uterine cyst. Generally, liquefied uterine fibroids do not require surgical treatment, but we also have innovative treatments for symptomatic uterine cysts (cystic adenomyosis). Program. &nbsp.&nbsp. I hope this article is helpful to everyone. Gong Xiaoming, MD, chief expert of the Micro-invasive Center for Uterine Fibroids; former Deputy Chief Physician, Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital; former Deputy Director of Gynecology, Shanghai First Maternal and Child Health Hospital;

How is vaginitis caused

Vaginitis is a very common disease of women. Not only is it susceptible to infection in the sultry summer, but too much to wear in the winter may also cause vaginitis due to too stuffy. Today, I will simply share the causes and treatment of female vaginitis. &nbsp.&nbsp. There are many causes of vaginitis, usually because of infection, changes in vaginal acid-base value or improvement of the flora, and there are three most common types of vaginitis, bacterial vaginitis accounts for 40-50% of the total vaginitis %, Candida vaginitis accounts for 20-25%, Trichomonas infection vaginitis 15-20%. Although vaginitis can usually be cured with medication, if the true cause of the disease is not found, it may lead to treatment failure and repeated occurrence. However, as long as the vaginal discharge is abnormal, many women immediately buy vaginal suppositories (usually the anti-fungal ingredients ex.Clotrimazole, Nystatin), which is actually a wrong practice. It is recommended that the public first determine what the possible cause of the disease is, and it is best to seek the correct treatment, so as not to delay the timing of treatment. &nbsp.&nbsp.01.png&nbsp.&nbsp.1, bacterial vaginitis&nbsp.&nbsp. Frequent vaginal lavage, feminine hygiene products containing fragrances, menstruation and sexual behavior, etc., may change the normal acid and alkali of the vagina Value, leading to excessive growth of bacteria (especially anaerobic bacteria and Gram-negative bacilli) and induced bacterial vaginitis, these metabolites of the changed bacteria species will increase the pH value of vaginal secretions, PH value exceeds 4.5. &nbsp.&nbsp. About 50-75% of the patients are asymptomatic and need no treatment. If they are symptomatic, they will find a uniform, non-sticky, off-white vaginal discharge with a fishy smell, especially during menstruation or after sex More obviously, a small number of people will have slight itching and irritation of the vulva, pain in urination and pain in intercourse. If the treatment is not complete, it may be accompanied by serious sequelae, such as cervicitis, pelvic inflammation and premature delivery. &nbsp.&nbsp.2, Candida vaginitis&nbsp.&nbsp. Most of the pathogens are Candida albicans, the common symptoms are extreme itching of the vagina or vulva, pus-like dermatitis of the vulva papules, vaginal redness and bleeding, urination or sex With burning sensation, painful urination or frequent urination, and the appearance of white, thick, cheese-like or tofu-like vaginal discharge. Living habits such as diabetes, long-term use of antibiotics, pregnancy, taking high-dose contraceptives, often wearing tight pants and synthetic fiber clothing, and abusing vaginal lavage fluid can increase the risk of infection. Vaginal candidiasis infections are prone to relapse, and some of them even become chronic infections. Therefore, it is important not to stop the medication by yourself during treatment and increase the difficulty of subsequent treatment. &nbsp.&nbsp.3, Trichomonas infection vaginitis&nbsp.&nbsp. is caused by a single cell parasite infection called trichomonas, the typical symptom is a large amount of unpleasant yellow-green vaginal discharge, thin with foam, Symptoms of lower urinary tract infection such as itching, redness, burning and intercourse of pain, urinary discomfort or frequent urination, etc. &nbsp.&nbsp. But 20-50% of the infected women have no symptoms, but because trichomoniasis vaginal infections are sexually transmitted diseases and often occur at the same time as bacterial vaginitis and other sexually transmitted diseases, even if there are no symptoms, patients must Receive treatment and screen for other sexually transmitted diseases. As for the man, he is usually asymptomatic, but he also needs to receive complete treatment and follow-up, otherwise he will relapse due to cross infection. 【My Clinic】&gt.&gt. Click to enter

Is cervical cyst cervicitis?

&nbsp. Cervical cysts and cervicitis are frequently mentioned concepts in daily life. Since both diseases are cervical lesions, many friends and friends often mistakenly think that the two are a disease, but I don’t know that they are still very big. The difference between the two, but because of the specific location of the two, there is also a close relationship between some patients, so the actual situation should be combined with the actual situation of the patient. &nbsp. Cervical cysts and cervicitis. Are cervical cysts cervicitis? It is necessary to understand the relationship between the two. Under normal circumstances, the occurrence of cervical cysts is often closely related to cervicitis, especially for the probability of chronic cervicitis that cannot be cured for a long time. Higher. Since many chronic cervicitis manifests as cervical cysts, cervical cysts are also generally known as a type of chronic cervicitis, so pay sufficient attention to both. Cervical cysts are not related to cervicitis. There are many reasons for cervical cysts. In addition to the cervical erosion caused by cervicitis that we are familiar with, other factors that cause cervical cysts cannot be ignored. So the problem of cervical cysts is cervicitis. In a strict sense, the two are very different. Therefore, it is usually required to identify patients during treatment. It is necessary to treat them separately and use different treatment methods. Through the above introduction, it is presumed that many friends have an understanding of whether cervical cysts are cervicitis. The relevant parties pointed out that cervical cysts and cervicitis are different diseases, so pay attention to distinguish treatment and treatment, and then avoid blind or irregular The serious consequences caused by the treatment will ultimately be detrimental to the health of the body.

How much do you know about cervicitis?

Symptoms of cervicitis: leucorrhea is the main symptom of cervicitis, usually mucus or purulent mucus, sometimes with blood or bleeding after sexual intercourse, followed by itching of the vulva, pain in the lower abdomen or lumbosacral region, during sexual intercourse, menstruation and Increased during ovulation.  There are cervical polyps, erosion, hypertrophy, glandular cysts, and cervical mucositis during the examination. Cervical erosion is the most common. The treatment of cervicitis   cervicitis is generally based on local treatment, such as physical therapy (such as cervical scalding, electrocautery, laser, microwave, freezing, etc.), corrosives (such as potassium dichromate, silver nitrate) and other treatments. 2-3 days after physical therapy treatment, there will be a lot of bloody or yellow water-like secretions in the vagina. Generally, you need to use a menstrual pad to stop in about 3 weeks, and you need to keep the vulva clean.   Excessive vaginal secretions, when stimulating local discomfort in the vulva, use warm water or 1:5000 potassium permanganate solution to clean the vulva, morning and evening. And to suspend the ban for 1-2 months.  Prevention of cervicitis  Prevention of this disease requires regular gynecological examination in order to detect cervical inflammation early and treat it. It is also necessary to actively and thoroughly treat acute vaginitis and acute endometritis. &nbsp.&nbsp.Prevent cervicitis should pay attention to personal hygiene, wash underwear frequently. When washing the vulva and vagina with acidic or alkaline solutions, avoid excessive concentrations.

How long can ovarian cancer live? What are the causes of ovarian cancer?

&nbsp. Mention all kinds of women’s diseases, they will feel tight and feel terrible. Today I will discuss with you the causes of ovarian cancer. In addition, how long can I live with ovarian cancer? I believe this is a problem that female friends are more concerned about and caring about. Ovarian cancer is one of the high incidence of female diseases, which seriously endangers the physical and mental health of our female compatriots. So, how long can you live with ovarian cancer? According to relevant statistics, after effective treatment, there are still many patients with advanced ovarian cancer who strive to extend their lifespan by five or ten years, or even longer. Therefore, don’t be afraid of illness, and be brave to face victory. &nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp.&nbsp. Causes of ovarian cancer&nbsp.1. With the *economic development getting better and better, the industrial development has reached a period of white fever, all say that development is a double-edged sword, this one looks indeed Well, the environmental pollution problem on the other side is also becoming more serious, and food safety is also a big problem, and these factors lead to the rejuvenation of diseases. And now that chickens and ducks are fed hormones, the more hormones they consume, the greater the harm to the body. It can be said that this is the cause of many gynecological diseases. 2. The incidence of ovarian cancer will be higher in infertile women, and the prevalence of single women is 60% to 70% higher than that of married women. 3. Long-term mental stress and impatience will promote tumors, so you must maintain a good mental state. 4. According to statistics, women who have menarche before the age of 12 are more likely to have ovarian cancer than women who have their first menstruation after the age of 12.

Women need to be vigilant: what are the causes of ovarian tumors?

With the high incidence and incidence of female diseases in modern society, more and more women have begun to learn to pay attention to their own health problems. For example, we often hear about female ovarian tumors. So, what are the causes of female ovarian tumors? What are the areas of daily life that require our vigilance and attention?  Relevant medicine pointed out that under normal circumstances, ovarian tumors occur in menopausal women who have early menarche and menopause and are relatively young, because the incidence of these women will be relatively high. However, the risk of morbidity is greatly reduced for women who have a lot of births and who are breastfeeding and taking oral contraceptives. This kind of “continuous ovulation” clinical theory of carcinogenesis is also believed to be due to the damage of ovarian epithelial tissue cells caused by ovulation. Due to repeated damages, it promotes canceration during the repair process. This is also the reason for the body factor.   In addition, there is a more researched cause in recent years, that is, genetic factors, the vast majority of cases are due to the dominant inheritance of chromosomes. For example, if one or two mothers or siblings have cancerous patients with this disease, the risk of developing malignant ovarian tumors in this generation is as high as 50%.  What are the causes of ovarian tumors? We know that the above two causes are generally the cause of the formation of ovarian tumors. But in terms of the pathogenesis, it is the carcinogenic theory of this kind of patient’s “constant ovulation” and the genetic factors in the family, which has become a population of high-risk patients. Therefore, before the patient suffers from ovarian tumors, he must pay attention to prevent such diseases, for example, avoid eating high cholesterol foods in daily life. High-risk women’s contraception should take oral contraceptives for contraception.  In addition, it is recommended that women over the age of 30 should have an annual gynecological examination. We must firmly believe in the principles of early detection and early treatment, because benign tumors will become malignant tumors after a period of growth, so early detection and detection of early symptoms of cancer are very conducive to the treatment of tumor diseases of.

Can women’s irregular menstruation cause infertility?

Does female menstrual irregularity cause infertility? Although there are many reasons for female infertility, many symptoms have reminded patients to be alert to the occurrence of infertility, such as irregular menstruation. From the perspective of irregular menstruation, often It is caused by abnormal ovaries, and ovaries are important organs in the female reproductive system, so patients should go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible when menstruation is abnormal!   Will female irregular menstruation cause infertility? For example, if a woman has menstruation If it is not related to the endocrine disorder, the patient will have acne, acne, abdominal swelling, abnormal mood, etc. The patient can pass the examination at this time, and then accept the traditional Chinese medicine to adjust the endocrine situation. This process is relatively long, so the patient is in treatment You need to be patient during the process. Don’t procrastinate and cause your condition to deteriorate. Patients should also pay attention to adjusting their work schedule. If you stay up for a long time, it will also cause abnormal menstruation!    Women with irregular menstruation may also be Caused by abnormal ovarian function, such as premature ovarian aging and atrophy, too little estrogen, etc. At this time, patients should consider receiving ovarian related examinations, and then determine the cause to receive corresponding treatment as soon as possible. Generally, they should be treated with drugs, such as traditional Chinese medicine. , Hormones, western medicines, etc. Patients also need to ensure protein intake. Warm tips, if women lose too much fat due to excessive weight loss, it may also cause women to have abnormal menstruation, or even infertility!    Women’s irregular menstruation will cause Infertility? If the patient has not been pregnant for more than half a year, you need to check whether the fallopian tubes are smooth, the ovaries and the uterus are developing. If everything is normal, you can diagnose whether you have a physical weakness through the Chinese medicine pulse. Drink some tonic, but don’t eat nutritious food yourself!

What is the impact of irregular menstruation

Irregular menstruation is a common gynecological disease with varying degrees of severity. Some women have long-term irregular menstruation, with symptoms of amenorrhea and menopause, and the condition is more serious. Some women have intermittent irregular menstruation, with more or less menstruation. There are many causes of irregular menstruation, including malnutrition, cold stimulation, and drug effects. Severe menstrual irregularities are more harmful and can affect women’s fertility and couples’ lives. What is the impact of irregular menstruation?  &Nbsp. 1. Infertility   For every woman, having children is a natural duty. If a woman cannot have children, she will feel very painful. Because her life is not complete, she lacks the life part of having children, educating children, and accompanying children. Women’s infertility also affects their marriage. There is an old saying: No filial piety comes first, and nothing comes second. Men want to form a complete family, and children are important members of the family. If women are unable to bear children, men will feel very distressed, and even parents often blame for this. One of the causes of infertility in women is irregular menstruation. Women should attach great importance to early treatment.   Second, gynecological diseases    Many women with irregular menstruation will get various gynecological diseases. Common gynecological diseases caused by irregular menstruation include uterine fibroids and ovarian cysts. If the disease is not treated in time, the disease will be entangled in the later period, and the long-term cure will not only affect personal health, but also affect the quality of sexual life.    3. Anemia   Menorrhea, less menstruation, and amenorrhea are all signs of anemia in women. Menorrhagia can cause women to lose too much blood during menstruation, and menorrhagia is caused by lack of blood gas. Women should take appropriate supplements before and after menstruation, eat red date, longan and other blood-enriching drugs or drink blood-enriching soup. Without supplementation, long-term excessive blood loss will cause anemia. People with anemia are often sleepy, dizzy, and short of breath. In severe cases, thalassemia can also be life-threatening.  Four, physical and mental health    Women with irregular menstruation will not only have sagging breasts, decreased libido, but also rough skin, senile plaques on the face, dry vulva, and acne, which will increase the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics and menopausal symptoms.    Is there any effect on irregular menstruation, I believe everyone has some understanding. If you still have questions, welcome to consult a gynecologist in a professional hospital. The doctor will tell you the answer based on years of clinical experience. I wish all women good health. 

Uterine fibroids prevention, this is correct!

Although uterine fibroids are benign tumors, the irregular menstruation, abdominal masses, compression symptoms, pain, leucorrhea, infertility, and circulatory system symptoms from it still threaten women’s physical and mental health. So, how to prevent uterine fibroids? This is correct. &nbsp.  Uterine fibroids are called gynecological “first tumors” and are more common among women of childbearing age. Although it is a benign tumor, the irregular menstruation, abdominal mass, compression symptoms, pain, leucorrhea, infertility, and circulatory system symptoms from it still threaten women’s physical and mental health. So, do you know what are the hazards of uterine fibroids?   1. Abnormal menstruation. Uterine fibroids can cause excessive menstrual flow. When there is too much bleeding, targeted measures should be taken to avoid anemia. In addition, severe dysmenorrhea may occur during menstruation.   2. Anemia. Uterine fibroids can lead to increased menstruation and prolonged menstruation. In the long run, this can cause secondary anemia. In severe cases, even paleness, general weakness, or shortness of breath and embolism can affect the health of the patient.   3. Infertility, miscarriage. Larger uterine fibroids deform the uterine cavity, and the uterine fibroids tissue in the corner of the uterus presses the entrance of the fallopian tube, which will affect the implantation of the fertilized egg and eventually cause infertility, and some may be miscarried even if they are pregnant.   4. Pain. Under normal circumstances, uterine fibroids will not cause pain, but some patients will have lower abdominal distension, back pain and other symptoms. In addition, red degeneration of uterine fibroids and pedicle torsion of subserosal uterine fibroids can cause acute abdominal pain.   5. Uterine bleeding. Many patients with submucosal uterine fibroids and intermuscular uterine fibroids will have uterine bleeding, of which periodic bleeding is more common, mainly manifested as increased menstrual volume and prolonged menstruation.  Uterine fibroids currently have no cure for uterine preservation except for the removal of the uterus, so it is very important to prevent and reduce the incidence of uterine fibroids daily. You can start from the following aspects.   1. Moderate exercise. Life is about exercise. Appropriate amount of exercise can promote the circulation and metabolic speed of the whole body, and make the environment in the whole body in a relatively balanced state, thereby enhancing resistance and reducing the chance of getting sick. For women of childbearing age, the prevention of uterine fibroids also has positive significance.   2. Adjust emotions in time. In the method of preventing uterine fibroids, it is important to maintain a happy mood. Prevent great anger and thoughtfulness, be cheerful and open-minded, and choose the appropriate way to release pressure in case of trouble.   3. Ensure adequate sleep. Maintain a regular schedule, go to bed early and get up early to ensure the quality of sleep and avoid staying up all night.   4. Balanced diet. At present, it is generally believed in medicine that the prevention of uterine fibroids is related to diet, so women should eat foods rich in protein and vitamins. Eat less longan, red dates, donkey-hide gelatin, royal jelly and other heat, blood coagulation and high hormone-containing foods can be a good prevention of uterine fibroids.   5. Use drugs with caution. Use hormone drugs with caution, such as oral contraceptives, breast, ovarian and uterine health care drugs, health care massage essential oils, and health products.   6. Regular gynecological examination. Uterine fibroids have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, so in order to prevent the emergence of uterine fibroids, it is very necessary to do regular gynecological examination. If you really find uterine fibroids, you don’t need to be too panic. , According to the doctor’s advice.

Before pregnancy, a few things must be done!

Pregnancy and childbirth are the top priorities of our women’s lives. So before pregnancy, you must do these few things.   1. Comprehensive physical examination    The time for a comprehensive physical examination before pregnancy is generally best from one quarter to half a year before preparing for pregnancy. This can not only detect whether a woman’s body is pregnant, but also detect some other diseases of the body and prepare for eugenics. 2. Cultivate good eating habits. Everyone knows that pregnant women’s food intake will increase, so before pregnancy, eat foods rich in protein, trace elements, folic acid, and vitamins, and develop good eating habits in advance to achieve pregnancy. During the period of high nutritional intake requirements.   3. Correct bad habits    Avoid smoking and drinking, which not only has an impact on their own health, but also is particularly harmful to babies.  4. Exercise   Pregnancy not only requires physical ability, but also has health requirements for internal organs. The uterus is the cradle for babies. A healthy uterus is more important. Keeping doing uterine exercises every day before pregnancy and other physical exercises will help to better welcome your baby.   5. Maintain a good state of mind    Excessive mental stress will affect the situation of ovulation, thus affecting the success rate of conception. Therefore, when preparing for pregnancy, do not over-stress, maintain a good attitude and relax, this is more conducive to successful pregnancy.

Can hydrosalpinx be a test tube baby?

  Can tubal hydrops be test-tube babies? Many patients with tubal hydrops will worry about not being pregnant, so they will consider other ways to conceive the baby. Test tube baby technology is a complex and mature medical assisted pregnancy technology that can help many couples who are unable to conceive pregnant with their baby.  Can tubal hydrops be test tube babies? Test tube babies technology is a complex and mature medical assisted pregnancy technique. In recent years, many infertile couples have requested to give up other treatments and directly use test tube babies technology. However, from a medical point of view, reproduction is a natural physiological phenomenon, the closer to the natural method of conception, the more beneficial to mothers and babies.   IVF technology has a strong indication. Not everyone needs to do infertility, nor is it suitable for every couple of infertility.   Strictly speaking, women with hydrosalpinx are not suitable for IVF surgery. The success rate of IVF is inherently low. If the patient also has hydrosalpinx, the success rate of IVF is even lower.   Therefore, if a female friend chooses to be a test tube baby, she must first solve the problem of hydrosalpinx. If the problem of hydrotubation is resolved, she can choose to conceive naturally or perform test tube baby surgery.  What are the hazards of hydrosalpinx?   The female fallopian tube is an important place for sperm and egg combination, and it is also responsible for transporting the fertilized egg to the uterine cavity. Once the fallopian tube becomes diseased, it will have a great impact on this transport process.   Fallopian tube hydrops is a common fallopian tube disease. The reason for the formation of hydrops is mainly related to the obstruction of the fallopian tube umbrella. This disease has a great impact on female pregnancy. And if it is not treated in time, it will cause blockage of the fallopian tube, fallopian tube closure, and fallopian tube adhesion and other diseases, affecting the chance of female pregnancy, and even leading to infertility.  When hydrosalpinx occurs, the fertilized egg cannot reach the uterine cavity smoothly, and stays in the fallopian tube to continue to grow and develop, and does not grow in the correct position, which forms an ectopic pregnancy. If it is found that it is not timely and the treatment is delayed, the female friend will have a life-long worry. How to prevent hydrosalpinx Female friends want to prevent hydrosalpinx, usually do the following:    First, usually pay attention to exercise, exercise makes the body function more powerful, can enhance the body’s resistance, it is to prevent disease Very helpful. Also remember to get up early and go to bed early, get enough sleep and breathe fresh air.   Second, try to stay away from some electronic products. Electronic products are ubiquitous now, and many female friends have developed many bad habits because of using electronic products. For example, the mobile phone has not left the hand, facing the computer all day long and so on. If you have to use a computer because of work, you must go out and walk more after get off work, and do not sit for long.   Third, usually eat more fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables. Eat less chilly, spicy and spicy foods. Proteins such as walnuts and peanuts should also be eaten in moderation. At the same time, you can take some food supplemented with minerals in an appropriate amount to make the pyramid in the body more harmonious.