. Some time ago, a scene occurred on the Tianbao Station of Nanjing Metro: a 10-year-old boy wandered in the hall for a long time. The police stepped forward and learned that the boy was Lele and claimed to have run away from home more than 10 times. After the police contacted the child’s family, the child’s father rushed over. After learning about the reason for the son’s departure, he felt ashamed and promised to correct the problem in the future. It turned out that he felt that his parents were playing mobile phones every day and had no time to care for him, so he wanted to use this way of running away from home to attract the attention of his parents. In fact, there are still many such parents, which has almost become a common phenomenon in society. Many people can go out with nothing, but they can’t just take their phones. Some netizens ridiculed: Probably the mobile phone is biological! The farthest distance in the world is that I am by your side, but you are playing with your mobile phone. People’s dependence on mobile phones has reached a certain level, and when this dependence occurs on parents, it is undoubtedly a disaster for their children! Among the new generation of young parents, because they frequently play mobile phones and ignore the existence of children, and gradually reduce the phenomenon of communicating with children, it is gradually becoming a major problem in parent-child education. According to survey data, 17% of parents often use mobile phones when they are with their children, and more than 50% of parents have used mobile phones in the process of accompanying their children. In other words, nearly 70% of parents play mobile phones while accompanying their children. How much influence will parents play on their mobile phones when they are accompanying their children? 1. Influencing the parent-child relationship Imagine that if you play with your mobile phone and accompany your child, will it be easy to get lost? Therefore, it is easy to ignore the child’s demands, not hear the child’s call, not see the child’s helplessness, and only have the mobile phone in mind, only the game. This result will not only make the child feel frustrated, but also for the child, the mind will have a thought: Mom and Dad love mobile phones more, mobile phones are more important than me. Second, a bad example for the children all said that parents are the best teachers of the children. Parents play with their children while playing mobile phones and watching computers. In addition to feeling cold, the children’s favorite thing is to imitate adults and what adults do. They just do what they want. No wonder adults are addicted to mobile phones. After a long time, when the parents react and want to educate and accompany their children, the children may already be addicted to the mobile phone, and the parents in turn will be distressed about the children’s playing mobile phones. 3. Affect the mental health of children. Children’s hearts are extremely sensitive and fragile. Object relationship psychology says that even babies can already maintain a very sensitive perception of the mental activities and emotions of the caregivers. They can pass through The caregiver’s expression, sound, and body movements can be used to perceive the internal state of the caregiver. For children, parental neglect will make the children feel that they are not good enough, not worthy of attention, and have an inferiority complex. In the long run, children are prone to lonely personalities, unwilling to communicate with others, and they will become indifferent in a subtle way. Psychology can’t develop healthily and evolve into a family “cold violence”. We always think that children are still young and spend a lot of time with them, and I want to support my family, I want to socialize, I want to be promoted to raise salary, etc. Things are more important, the result? The child is growing up every day. When you look back one day, the child has ignored you, and they are used to being without parents. Looking back, how important are these important things? One less WeChat response, one friend circle late, another call a few minutes later, one less game, are these things really more important than children? The farthest distance in the world is not that the child grows away from you, but the child looks at you, but you are looking at the mobile phone. Many parents will complain about the lack of time because of their busy work. No amount of gifts and money can replace companionship. Companionship is the best family education. For the physical and mental health of your child, please put down your phone and your child will feel your love. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward a lot of messages, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, has nothing to do with my employer. If my science content is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.
Breast milk jaundice is jaundice in the neonatal period associated with breastfeeding. There are two types: 1. . . Inadequate breastfeeding jaundice: the onset time is similar to that of physiological jaundice, but the level of bilirubin is higher than that of physiological jaundice, accompanied by excessive physical weight loss, at least 10 %-18% of breastfeeding newborns lose more than 10% of their body weight after birth, and even dehydration occurs. The number and volume of urination are reduced, and the discharge of meconium is delayed. Insufficient breast milk intake at early birth includes two situations: one is insufficient mother’s milk production, due to delayed milking time, missed the best lactation time, or due to certain pathological obstetric factors affecting the mother’s lactation level; the second is some Full-term neonates or late preterm infants have a low birth weight, and their effective sucking power is insufficient, thus failing to consume enough milk. The intake of neonatal calories is significantly reduced compared to its requirement. Even if a small amount of formula is added, the level of serum bilirubin will increase due to increased intestinal reabsorption of unbound bilirubin and delayed meconium excretion. No matter what feeding method is adopted, the key is to ensure adequate feeding. In the first 5 days after birth, there was no significant difference in bilirubin levels between adequate breastfeeding and artificially fed neonates. 2. Breast milk jaundice: The clinical feature is that the time of skin yellow staining is similar to physiological jaundice, but the peak appearance time is delayed compared to physiological jaundice, generally 1 to 2 weeks after birth. In breastfeeding newborns and infants, about 1/3 to 1/2 of jaundice will persist, possibly for 8 to 12 weeks or longer. The clinical characteristics of breast milk persistent hyperbilirubinemia are generally good and satisfactory weight gain (some breast milk jaundice is a continuation of breastfeeding insufficiency jaundice, which can also be manifested as unsatisfactory weight gain), color of stool and urine and The amount is normal. Physical examination found no abnormalities. High bilirubin levels last longer, mainly indirect bilirubin. The total bilirubin level is generally around 256.5 mmol/L. Most of them do not need special treatment, and they can disappear naturally with the increase of day age and month age. Even if it does not subside completely, it will not affect the vaccination. Very rare breast milk jaundice has a bilirubin level> 427.5 mmol/L. There is also a risk of bilirubin encephalopathy, and most of the other high-risk factors for bilirubin encephalopathy are also present. 3. Diagnosis of breast milk jaundice: diagnosis of jaundice due to inadequate breastfeeding is mainly based on medical history and clinical manifestations: maternal insufficiency of lactation or insufficient intake of breast milk by neonates mainly refer to 3 indicators. (1) Weight: including the degree of physiological weight loss, if the physiological weight loss exceeds 7% of the birth weight, or if the birth weight has not been restored 7 days after birth, or the average weight gain in the future is less than 30g/d, it will prompt neonatal breast milk Insufficient intake. (2) Meconium excretion: Newborns with sufficient milk intake usually discharge meconium 3 to 4 days after birth, and the color of the stool changes from black green to yellow, and then 3 to 5 stools per day. If the meconium is delayed or there is too little bowel movement in the future, it also indicates that the newborn’s breast milk intake is insufficient. (3) Urinary discharge: including the frequency and amount of urination and the color of urine. If the number of urination is less than 4 to 6 times within 3 days after birth, and less than 10 times after 3 days of birth, it indicates that the early breast milk intake of the newborn is insufficient. At this time, the serum bilirubin level exceeds the phototherapy value, which can be considered as breastfeeding insufficiency jaundice. The diagnosis of breast milk jaundice also requires detailed understanding of the medical history and clinical manifestations. The following aspects should be paid attention to: (1) In the early period of neonatal birth, the time of jaundice appears to be basically the same as or slightly later than that of physiological jaundice, but the time of regression is obvious Delayed; (2) Good growth and development, satisfactory weight gain; (3) Golden stool color, not yellow urine; (4) Increased total bilirubin level, mainly indirect bilirubin; (5) Although biliary red The resolution of the hormone is delayed, but the level of bilirubin is mostly around 15 mg/dL. And as time goes on, even if breastfeeding continues, it will gradually return to normal. However, it should be emphasized that breast milk jaundice is a diagnosis of exclusion and requires careful evaluation and differential diagnosis with the following diseases, including ABO and Rh blood group incompatibility hemolysis, hematoma of the head, polycythemia, erythrocyte enzyme deficiency (such as glucose-6-phosphate Dehydrogenase, pyruvate kinase) and red blood cell membrane defects (such as spherical polycythemia), genetic defects of liver metabolism (such as
Regarding breast milk storage, novice mothers are more tangled. Based on the conclusions of some recent research, give this question to mothers some suggestions. If you are breastfeeding, re-working, or need more flexibility, you may be considering using a breast pump. And, once milking begins, it is important to know how to safely store the expressed breast milk. What container should I use to store breast milk? Wash your hands with soap and water before milking or handling breast milk. Then place the extruded side breast milk in a clean, covered, food-grade glass container or a rigid plastic container made without chemical bisphenol A (BPA). Special plastic bags for collecting and storing breast milk can also be used. Please do not store breast milk in ordinary plastic bags for general household use. What is the best way to store expressed breast milk? Use a waterproof label to affix the date of squeezed breast milk to each container. Place the container behind the refrigerator or freezer with the lowest temperature. If there is no refrigerator or freezer for the time being, you can temporarily store breast milk in an insulated refrigerator (bag) with ice cubes (bags). In each container, fill the amount required for the baby to breastfeed at one time. It usually starts from 60 to 120 ml, and then adjusts as needed. You should also consider storing some smaller amounts of breast milk (30 to 60 milliliters) in case of unexpected situations or missing the usual breastfeeding time. Breast milk will swell when it freezes, do not fill the container. Can I add freshly expressed breast milk to the stored milk? You can add freshly expressed breast milk to previously refrigerated or frozen breast milk. However, before adding freshly squeezed breast milk to previously refrigerated or frozen breast milk, cool the freshly squeezed breast milk in a refrigerator or a cooling box with ice cubes. Do not add warm breast milk to frozen breast milk, as this will cause the frozen milk to partially melt. How long can the expressed breast milk be kept? The time to safely store the expressed breast milk depends on the storage method. General guidelines for healthy babies: indoor temperature. Freshly expressed breast milk can be stored at room temperature for six hours. However, it is best to use or properly store breast milk within four hours, especially in summer or in a high room. cooler box. Newly squeezed breast milk can be kept in the refrigerator in an insulated refrigerator with ice packs for no more than a day. Freshly squeezed breast milk is kept in the back of the refrigerator under clean conditions for up to five days. However, it is best to use or freeze it within three days. Low temperature freezer. Freshly expressed breast milk can be stored on the back of the deep freezer for up to 12 months, but it is best to use frozen milk within six months. Remember, research shows that the longer breast milk is stored (whether in the refrigerator or in the freezer), the greater the loss of vitamin C in the milk. It is also important to note that breast milk will change with your baby’s needs. When the baby is just a few months old, the mother’s breast milk cannot fully meet the baby’s needs after that few months. Similarly, for premature, sick or hospitalized infants, guidelines for storing breast milk will vary. How to thaw frozen breast milk? Following the first-in-first-out principle, first defrost the breast milk stored first. Place the frozen container in the refrigerator the night before use. You can also put milk in warm running water or a bowl of warm water to gently heat breast milk. Do not quickly heat bottles containing frozen breast milk in the microwave or on the stove. Some parts may be too hot, while others are too cold. In addition, some studies have shown that rapid heating can affect antibodies in breast milk. Although there is still a lack of research on the safety and nutrition of re-frozen breast milk, many experts recommend discarding unused melted milk within 24 hours. Does thawed breast milk smell or look different from fresh breast milk? The color of breast milk may vary slightly depending on the mother’s diet. In addition, thawed breast milk appears to have a different odor or consistency than freshly expressed breast milk. Feeding the baby is still safe. If you find that your baby refuses to melt the milk, shortening the storage time may help. References Yourguidetobreastfeeding.OfficeonWomen'.sHealth.OfficeonWomen'.sHealth.https://www.womenshealth.gov/patient-materials/resource/guides.AccessedFeb.11,2020.P
To give an example of a baby fever, the baby is 10 months old, has fever for 6 hours without cause, the highest body temperature is 39 ℃, after taking an antipyretic medicine, the condition after the fever is good, the parents are a little worried to see the doctor, want to check the blood routine, I want to listen to the doctor’s opinion even more. If you are a doctor, what should you do? First of all, I will ask about the medical history in detail, carefully examine the body, take about 2-5 minutes, explain the principle of fever in easy-to-understand words and parents, consider the cause of the disease in combination with the situation of this episode, and then, based on the feedback from the parents Usually, the parents’ consultation is divided into the following three situations: 1. Believe in the obedient type. The basic emotions of these parents are stable and not easy to be anxious. In the next step, they can listen to the doctor’s advice very carefully and have good execution. For example, the doctor suggested that the baby has a short onset time, good mental state, no comorbid symptoms, and no blood test for the time being. He can better follow the doctor’s instructions and prefer to communicate with the doctor when the condition changes. 2. Question the irritability type. Such parents are prone to anxiety and irritability. They are subjectively unwilling to trust the doctor. They often question the doctor’s diagnosis and treatment plan. They do not cooperate with the doctor’s recommendations. They often accept some relatives because they are eager to pursue the “heat fever result”. “Excessive diagnosis and treatment”, so it is common to check blood routine on the first day of fever. 3, entangled hesitation type, this type of parents began to trust the doctor, but when dealing with certain links, once he heard the pros and cons of the doctor, he became hesitant, such as the doctor said that the current blood test routine, the onset time is short, the condition is good, and the baby It may not cooperate with crying, and the reference of blood test is not significant, but this is in conflict with the previous blood test routine check blood routine, worrying that the failure to check may delay the child’s condition, and the test is afraid of being “over-diagnosed”, so Often they are very entangled, and they are worried until they see a doctor. When the baby gets better, they will be happy, and when the baby gets worse, they will regret it, and even violently. Secretly speaking, this type of parents is the most. Therefore, the doctor must fully communicate with the parents during the consultation, and jointly determine the diagnosis and treatment plan, so as to give recommendations that maximize the interests of the client. It is also the essence of evidence-based medicine and the “doctor who will see the doctor.” Because for doctors, time is the most valuable.
. Baoma Xiaoyou sat with her family in the morning for breakfast. She picked up a hard-boiled egg, patted it gently on the table, and then rolled back and forth with her palm two or three times. The cracked egg shell quickly peeled off. “Why are you peeling an egg in one go and it looks so simple?” asked her husband. “Ah? Is there any technical content in peeling an egg? Don’t tell me you won’t peel!” Xiaoyou here is a black question mark face. Sure enough, she took a closer look, and the old justice just peeled the eggshell a little, slightly hard, and finely. “Hahahahaha! I haven’t found it before! You grow so big that you can’t even peel eggs!” The mother-in-law who had dinner together couldn’t help but laugh as the daughter-in-law burst out of “relentless” laughter: “I used to dismiss him as a young man, and he couldn’t do any housework well, so everything was arranged, but now I can’t even peel an egg! In the future, my little grandson should do it by himself, but he can’t learn his father. In this way, the self-care ability is so poor!” Xiaoyou nodded as soon as the chick pecked at the rice, and it was rare that the two mother-in-laws reached an agreement. Speaking of cultivating children’s ability to take care of themselves, the simplest and most effective way is to start with housework. 1. Housework is an integral part of life. I remember that in a certain variety show, a high school student “accused” that he had been encouraged and even asked to take the initiative to do housework for a long time. As a result, his mother’s seat responded to the instant strength circle fan: “Housework is It is an integral part of real life, and it is also an integral part of your life.”-This mother sees it clearly: education and life are incomplete from life, and life is education. This mother also reminded me of a widely circulated story: there is a little girl Ah Hua in Fukuoka, Japan. When she was 4 years old, her mother Qian Hui began to teach her cooking, not only cooking, as long as Ah Hua could do it, Mom let Ahua come by herself. The mother who could die at any time said that “study can be placed second, as long as you are healthy and able to support yourself, you can live no matter where you go in the future.” Many people may have read this story. In the later days, Xiaohua did not have her mother’s company and protection, but her mother’s love continued by immersing herself in life. Mother’s education of Ahua not only allowed Ahua to learn to take care of herself without starving, Since A Hua had been optimistic and cheerful since childhood, she has the courage to face life and feel the character of life. This subtle power is incalculable. Second, doing housework is in line with the child’s growth law. Physiologically speaking, doing housework is in accordance with the child’s own development law to complete the skills necessary for the corresponding age group. By letting the child complete the housework of the corresponding stage and promoting his psychological and physical growth at this stage, they have an inseparable relationship with the development of their motor skills, cognitive abilities and the cultivation of responsibility. Children will grow up one day, and all we do is to hope that they will become independent individuals who can take responsibility. Rather than doing it all in one hand, we need to learn to let go, recognize and believe that the child has the ability to cope, and give them the best help and encouragement. 3. Do housework, cultivate children’s independence and sense of responsibility. Psychology believes that doing what he can do for a child will make the child very discouraged and will deprive the child of the opportunity to experience their abilities. Children cannot understand whether they have the ability to face problems and solve problems, nor can they develop a sense of security from ability growth. Over time, children will become helpless, dependent, and incapable. Elizabeth Pantry, an American childcare expert, once said: “Giving children a housework is one of the best ways for children to build a sense of self-worth and believe in their abilities. Children who are used to taking housework are in the process of becoming adults. It is often easier to adapt to life than children who lack this experience and responsibility”. Doing housework gives children more opportunities to encounter problems, face and solve problems, and affirmation and sense of accomplishment through the completion of housework. At the same time doing housework can also improve the baby’s ability to take care of himself, cultivate his sense of responsibility and family concept, these shining qualities can illuminate the child’s life. After all, life is the best teacher for children. We are now paying more and more attention to children’s education, but neglecting these basic life skills is also one of the most important educations in life. When we are all busy reporting various cram, training, and interest classes to our children, maybe we can stop and think
First of all, I would like to know why newborn babies will defecate milk flaps. When babies eat breast milk or formula milk, stomach acid will denature the protein in the milk and form curds. This is the milk flap. The intestinal absorption function of the child is not perfect, and the breast flap that has not been completely absorbed will be excreted with the stool, which is what we call the breast flap stool. Milk discharge valve is a normal physiological phenomenon for newborns and small-month-old babies. Generally, the baby’s intestinal function will gradually improve after 3 months, and the milk valve will gradually disappear. As long as the baby’s growth and development are normal, it is not necessary. Dealt with. Back to this baby, first of all, the milk discharge valve is completely a physiological phenomenon, not indigestion. Secondly, his weight has increased by 1.6kg a month, and the average daily increase is 53g (the normal growth rate after birth is 0-3 months. 30g/day), it looks very good, there is no indication of the use of deeply hydrolyzed formula. Why does the milk flap disappear after the baby is converted into a deeply hydrolyzed formula? Here is another science knowledge, what is deep hydrolyzed formula? Let’s first understand how proteins are metabolized into the human body. Digestive enzymes in the body will break down the protein into short peptide chains, and finally into amino acids, which will be absorbed into the blood in the intestine, and then reintegrated into proteins belonging to humans. The production of deeply hydrolyzed formula milk is to simulate the operation of the human body. The protein in the milk is degraded and processed into free amino acids and short peptide chains through a special process. The human body will no longer be exposed to the complete protein of large molecules, which can reduce the allergens of the protein. Sex, suitable for babies with mild to moderate milk protein allergies, but the nutritional value is unchanged.
Returning to this baby, the deep hydrolyzed milk powder he eats does not contain intact milk protein. When he goes to the stomach, he will not form denatured protein curd, and he will not form milky stools. But this is not a reason to use special formula milk powder, nor can you use such milk powder in advance because you are worried about allergies. The human diet should be natural.
. These two days saw a cute little video on Weibo: A little girl wanted to buy a toy, but was rejected by his father. As a result, she kept crying and making noises. Although it was hard to conceal her loss, she still took her father’s hand wisely. Little girl: “Forget it, the more you cry, the worse you will be. I used to buy something for me. I cried till the end, and I didn’t get anything… I don’t want to make you angry.” Me and Yi Like many netizens, they lamented the child’s clever and sensible. After all, in the mind, if the children’s requirements are not met, in many cases, there will be scenes of vigorous and vigorous rolling, ghosts crying and howling, forcing parents to compromise. At this time, even if the parents knew that they could not let the children do it without a bottom line, but “no compromise”, the three words are simple, but the practice is not so easy. The parents and moms who don’t listen and who don’t have the will to say so in order not to let the children continue to play until the end: “Forget it, forget it. Only today, I promise you, but not as an example.” A lot of words speak reason to the child, and he doesn’t have to worry about stopping him crying. But I don’t know if you give him an exception, he will be greedy a second time. When it is time to reject the child, he is “soft-hearted and soft-hearted”, and the child is indulging himself in such a “compromise”, or even getting worse. How to do? The truth is that we all know that the headache is how to appease a child with emotional breakdown, but insist on principles without compromise? We are here today to discuss with you. 1. Make expectations and prepare in advance. Swallow agreed to her daughter and took her to buy toys as a birthday gift on the weekend. The daughter, who is usually obedient, is sometimes stubborn and stubborn. Sometimes she doesn’t leave when she sees a toy. If you want an adult to buy it, you will cry and make trouble again. This time, in order to prevent her from making unreasonable demands in the mall, Yanzi consulted with her daughter in advance. Yanzi: “When you arrive at the mall, you can choose the gift by yourself, but you can only choose one. And since it is the gift I gave you, I have to get my approval before I can buy it. Is it okay?” Nodded, Yanzi continued to say: “We both said that we can do it, we can’t regret it. If we regret it, we don’t talk about credit.” Reference suggestion: You can think of scenarios that may cause emotions like Yanzi. , Reached an agreement in advance for possible chaotic scenes and children, this step allows you and your child to be psychologically prepared for the next behavior. Second, stick to the principle. Even if you gently refuse to predict the possible situation in advance, you may not be able to really prevent your child from losing his temper. Sure enough, at the mall, the child had to buy a box of chocolates that had been banned for a long time. Swallow: “You have decayed teeth. My mother said before that you can’t eat chocolate anymore. Can we change something else?” Where did the child willingly agree? When he was rejected, his voice went up several degrees immediately. When the swallow refused again calmly, her daughter began to cry, and the passing crowd cast strange eyes. The swallow took a deep breath, his eyes were firm but his words were gentle and emphasized again by the child, and he no longer intends to make more sense: “This is a shopping mall. If you cry again, mother can take you out and wait for you Be quiet and come back to choose gifts.” Reference suggestions: 1. Do not rebuke children. The child now wants to force his parents to compromise by losing his temper. In addition to adhering to principles, mom and dad must protect their emotions. Once angry and roaring at the child, it will make them feel out of control, and the child will be more difficult to appease and cry more fiercely. 2. Don’t let it cry. When the child collapses and goes crazy, it is actually very sensitive. While trying to challenge the bottom line of the parents and let the parents succumb, they especially need the attention of the parents. If you ignore the child’s crying and even walk away, the child will be particularly afraid, feel abandoned, and feel that your emotions are unacceptable. 3. Don’t try to reason. The reason is very simple, it is useless to reason when the child’s emotional breakdown! When a child vents her emotions, it is the time for her to feel and experience her emotions, not the time to instill truth. Forcibly reasoning, mom and dad may be more likely to lose patience and eventually become angry. 3. Give your child a reasonable alternative. Just when Swallow intends to take her daughter out of the mall first, away from crowded places,
During pregnancy preparation and pregnancy, the parents and prospective parents imagine: Does the child look like a cake or is it like hemp? Do not have allergic constitution like Baba! Don’t be highly myopic like mom! Be sure to let children develop regular eating and sleeping habits from an early age! The children are so sloppy, who will sing the red face, who will sing the white face? ……The children haven’t arrived yet. Although the parents are a little bit unconfident, they feel that they can deal with the various problems after the child’s birth rationally. There are elders, mothers, and books. If you don’t understand, ask more and learn more! When a child is born, many parents will have a deep understanding. The child’s upbringing and theoretical knowledge are still different. The child’s various situations will make the parents caught off guard. The mother and the book may not work. The original rational ideas are filled with emotion. Sometimes it’s a dilemma, sometimes it’s a tangle of troubles, it’s so hard to be a mother and father! We can’t do it! Moms and dads clearly know the answer and know that they should be treated rationally, but they don’t admit it and don’t allow it! A father and child-raising sister in the child care clinic brought a 5-month-old child to the medical examination. The child’s height and weight have not reached the 3-month-old standard. The parents of the child’s poor sleep quality are very anxious! Physical examination found that the child had severe skin eczema, and there were varying degrees of exudation in the auricle and skin folds. When the child’s clothing examination bed was opened, a layer of white skin rash was obvious. Ask the child’s feeding history, the child is fed with regular formula milk, no supplementary food is added, and the blood eosinophil value is three times higher than the normal range. I told my dad to consider the rash caused by milk protein allergy and intestinal intolerance, which affects the child’s physical development and sleep. It is recommended to replace the hypoallergenic formula (amino acid formula) to reduce the child’s allergic performance. The parent-in-law said: “The doctor before the medical examination will change it!” The next day I received a complaint from my parents. The content of the complaint was this: The child had a maternal and child medical examination yesterday. The inspection doctor arbitrarily said that my child is allergic to milk protein. , What is the basis? I went to the dermatology clinic of the Children’s Medical Center and prescribed a medicine. I didn’t ask us to change the milk powder. I need to check with the doctor to explain. Ok! Because of the complaint, I called my dad to explain, and my dad said this on the phone: “Doctor, we have seen it in the dermatology department of the Pediatrics Center several times. Some doctors asked us to change the milk powder, but I went to prescribe medicine yesterday and did not let us change it. You Why do you say that it is caused by milk allergies during the medical examination?” I replied: “Dad, your baby is 5 months old, no supplementary foods are added, whole milk powder feeding, poor physical development, and obvious skin rashes. Consider milk protein allergy first.” Dad said : “Yes, my child is shorter than the children of the same month age, eczema should be related to the heat! Why do we say that we are allergic!” I replied: “The weather is hot, eczema is easy to be obvious, but other babies are not like your child. Systemic allergic eczema performance. Generally, allergens can be checked through venous blood after 6 months of age. Your child is fed with pure milk powder for 5 months. The eosinophil value is so high. Currently, the main concern is the possibility of milk protein allergy. Milk protein sensitizes the intestine Dao will not tolerate, affect the digestion and absorption of nutrients, and indirectly affect the physical development of the child, so from the perspective of the child care doctor, it is recommended that parents change to a hypoallergenic formula to reduce the child’s allergic performance, thereby promoting the child’s physical development.” Dad said : “This I know, I am allergic, allergic rhinitis is so uncomfortable, how can my child be allergic! Doctor, do you say which brand of hypoallergenic formula I want to change?” I replied: “Both parents have allergies The chance of a baby with a constitution is 20%-40%. In general, infants show repeated eczema, intestinal intolerance, and slowly grow up to show allergic conjunctivitis, rhinitis, specific dermatitis, asthma, etc., so early You need to avoid possible allergens. There are several brands of amino acid formulas. Parents choose it. After 6 months of age, you can help your child check the venous blood allergens and add supplementary food as a reference to avoid possible allergens.” Dad said: “Good Yes, good! Thank you doctor, I’m not complaining to you. I mainly want to ask you clearly. You check and explain very carefully in the outpatient clinic.” I said this complaint is a little bit unreasonable, but I can understand that my father’s allergic constitution , Do not want the child to be allergic. The ideal is beautiful, the reality exists objectively, the child’s eczema performance is obvious, and the laboratory also has indicators to prove that self-evasion is not a way. Raising children is a sensuous process
. Xiaojia heard a burst of laughter from the baby in the bedroom. Curious, she pushed open the door and was confused by the scene in front of her. I didn’t know whether to laugh or scold: I saw the bed, the floor, and the full The paper towels in the room were flying around, and her dear husband was still pulling out the paper towels from the tissue box happily and non-stop, and threw them out. The baby girl, watching the old father’s strenuous “performance”, not only smiled very much at the venue, but also waved his hands to applaud the father from time to time, and he also tried to grab a few pieces of paper to play with. Xiao Jia is messed up: “Are you performing “Jun Fei Xue”? Are you going to run out of paper towels at home? Do you want me to give you more boxes to play with?” “Heroic”, Xiaojia’s husband quickly stopped and explained: “I just found out by accident that the baby likes to use paper towels to play, you see! She has a lot of fun. Qianjin is hard to buy a smile!” “You can play something else , Why play such a paper-wasting game. The baby is now more and more flexible, as long as it is a hands-on mini-game, she will like it very much. Do more hands-on mini-games, the baby will be smarter. Hurry, start Think hard, think about it.” Xiao Jia leaned over to pick up the tissue and started to clean up the room, while nagging with her husband. Xiaojia made a very reasonable point. As the so-called “smart hand”, through appropriate games, exercise the baby’s hand fine movements, while the hand skills continue to improve, it is more related to the baby’s brain development and cognitive development. 1. Exercise more fine movements of the hands, the baby is smarter. Fine movements are mainly hand grasping (such as pinching, holding, twisting, tearing, pushing, grasping, scraping, dialing, patting, shaking, etc.) and hand-eye coordination, because fine movements require recognition of the baby’s hand-eye coordination, memory, intuition, etc. A coordinated movement involving many areas of knowledge has an impact on promoting the development of infants’ cognitive abilities and the growth and development of the nervous system. The first year of a child’s birth is a critical year for fine motor development. A famous pediatrician in Japan said that “actively using both hands to sharpen the tactile sense of fingers is an important stimulus to promote brain development”. 2. Hands-on games recommended for babies (1) Six months after pulling the tissue box baby, the understanding of the persistence of objects will gradually increase. They will look for things that are “hidden”. For example, TA will like you to hide your cats. If you see a favorite toy under the blanket, they will also open the blanket to find the toy. Xiaojia’s daughter became interested in the tissue in the tissue box because of this. However, we can change the way. You can put some items (such as cloth, colored paper, balls, small blocks) in the empty tissue box in front of the baby, and then let the baby take out these things independently. (B) Cut and Cut It has a variety of simulated fruits and vegetables or other physical styles, which are glued together by Velcro/Magnet and can be cut with a simulated knife. 1. You can first try to let the baby hold the fruit in both hands, because the two petals of the fruit are sticky and will provide some resistance, which can exercise the flexibility of the baby’s hands and the stability of the shoulders. As your baby’s age increases, you will be pleased to find that their strength to break fruit is getting stronger and faster. 2. With the improvement of the ability of the baby’s hands, we can teach her to cut the fruit: hold the fruit in one hand, hold the knife in one hand, aim at the seam between the vegetables and fruits, and then use appropriate strength to cut the vegetables. At the beginning, the coordination of the hands could not keep up, or was not aligned, and occasionally parents needed help to correct it. Through continuous trial and adjustment, the baby learns to “cut”, develops the coordination of hands and hand-eye coordination, and understands the concepts of whole and part. (3) Finger food The so-called finger food refers to any food that can be picked up by hand. When the baby eats complementary foods, introduce finger foods in a timely manner, and let the children themselves exercise (pinch) the food and put it in the mouth to better exercise the baby’s chewing ability, finger movement ability, hand-eye coordination ability and fine movement. In addition, the addition of finger food can reduce the possibility of baby picky eating, let the baby enjoy the eating process more, and lay the foundation for the transition to voluntary eating. 1. The original finger food is the finger food similar to molar biscuits. It must be soft in texture, melt in the mouth, and not easily cause choking. It is also best to facilitate the baby to grind with the gums when swallowing. 2. After the baby has adapted to these foods, it can be cut to size
We all know that if the child breathes for a long period of time during the growth and development process, it may have a serious impact on the face value, causing consequences such as chin retraction and protruding mouth. After the parents remind each time, it will not take long before the child unconsciously opens his mouth to breathe. Why is this? When a child has diseases such as adenoid hypertrophy or rhinitis, because the nasal cavity or the posterior nasal cavity is partially or completely blocked and the ventilation is poor, the child will breathe openly, and the open mouth breathing will cause the child to have a deformity of the mandibular protrusion.  . Therefore, when the child has long-term symptoms of mouth breathing, or repeatedly rubbing his eyes, rubbing his nose, and scratching his ears, parents should pay attention to whether the child has allergic rhinitis. What is the harm of open mouth breathing? Open mouth breathing can easily induce oral and respiratory diseases, deform the face and mouth, and affect the child’s pronunciation, resulting in illegibility, incoherent speech, and also affect the child’s physical development. As far as possible, let the children develop the habit of breathing through the nose: for children with mouth breathing without rhinitis and nasal diseases, you can wear a gauze mask during sleep to keep the nasal cavity open, to correct mouth breathing and change to nose breathing, Through such training, many children’s mouth breathing problems can be corrected.
Affected by the new crown epidemic, some parents are reluctant to take their children to the hospital for treatment, and claim to buy medicines for their children in pharmacies. Drug abuse often occurs, especially the abuse of antibiotics is more common. Should the child be sick, should antibiotics be used? At present, antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections and are not effective for viral infections. Like normal fever, sore throat, cough, and runny nose, viral infections still account for the majority. If the use of antibiotics does not have much benefit, it will bring some adverse reactions. So, under what circumstances should antibiotics be used? If the doctor diagnoses as a bacterial infectious disease, antibiotics should be used. However, in the early stages of many infectious diseases, because the symptoms are not typical, it is difficult for the doctor to judge if the laboratory or auxiliary examination is not done. What is the cause of the child? Not to mention parents. Therefore, dynamic monitoring and follow-up must be done before the pathogen can be determined. Therefore, when the child has a fever, when the diagnosis of the disease is not clear, you should first check with a doctor to confirm the diagnosis. Then decide whether to use antibiotics. Antibiotics are not a panacea. Don’t treat them with antibiotics regardless of the disease. Be aware that the abuse of antibiotics can cause many undesirable consequences. In addition to toxic reactions and allergic reactions, the use of antibiotics “disorderly” has a major side effect on humans: causing bacterial resistance. Once bacterial resistance develops, the next time you take the same medicine, it won’t do much. Drug-resistant bacteria multiply in the body and cause disease. We have to use more advanced antibiotics. One day, high-grade antibiotics will also fail, with unimaginable consequences. Undermine the micro-ecological balance in the body. Antibiotics, while killing pathogenic bacteria, will also kill probiotics (such as bifidobacteria, lactobacillus, etc.), disrupting the normal balance of intestinal microbes, causing disturbance of intestinal flora, reducing the body’s vitamin B, vitamin A. Absorption of zinc, iron, calcium and other minerals. In view of this, we want to minimize unnecessary antibiotic use. In recent years, the medical community has paid attention to the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases with emphasis on the prevention of diseases and the improvement of human resistance. In the early 1990s, some domestic experts put forward the viewpoint of “using micro-ecological therapy to prevent and treat diseases”. It is to prevent and cure diseases by taking probiotics, adjusting and improving the micro-ecological internal environment of the human body, promoting micro-ecological balance, improving the body’s immune level and colonization resistance. The WHO (World Health Organization) Bacterial Tolerance Surveillance and Treatment Science Group believes that probiotics are a means of dealing with drug resistance, and lists probiotics as the content of eliminating the adverse effects of antibiotics. Therefore, if your child must use antibiotics, that is to say there is no other way to restore health, you should promptly use a sufficient amount of probiotics to replace the lost beneficial bacteria. When using antibiotics, the indications must be strictly controlled, and the doctor should decide whether to use antibiotics after diagnosis. For common colds, no antibiotics are needed. In addition, it should be noted that the characteristics of children’s medication: can be taken orally, as far as possible without intramuscular injection: intramuscular injection, as far as possible without intravenous drip, unless it is a severe infection. To avoid the combined application of multiple antibiotics, it is not necessary to use two kinds of antibiotics. If you can use narrow-spectrum antibiotics, try to use narrow-spectrum antibiotics. The dosage and duration of antibiotics should be determined according to the severity of the disease, that is, use as directed by your doctor. Do not add or subtract drugs yourself, as a result of ineffective treatment or toxic side effects. During the use of antibiotics, according to the doctor’s instructions to do the necessary tests, such as blood tests and urine, liver and kidney function. Once you find a problem, you should ask a doctor to deal with it in time. Antibiotics should not be used for prevention. When the cause of viral disease or fever is unknown, do not abuse it. Some antibiotics have a risk of allergic reactions. A skin test is required before use, and the medication process needs monitoring to ensure the safety of medication.
. Appointed to go to her house. Entering the door, she saw her holding her baby and walking gently in the room. The baby’s eyes were confused, as if she was going to sleep in the next second. Ming Ming nodded towards me, begging me to sit next to it for a while. “Ah! Quickly, draw me some paper towels!” I cried before I even sat down. It turned out that the baby was vomiting milk. “My little ancestor eh, I’m about to fall asleep, why did I suddenly vomit?” She said that she took the natural hurry and changed the baby from a horizontal hug to a vertical hug. The child’s back. It can be seen that as a novice mother is obviously a little flustered, and I quickly rushed over to relieve the situation: “Dear, don’t worry. The baby is normal to spit milk, you can see that he is not crying, it means nothing uncomfortable. But you don’t want it next time Hold the child upright immediately. Come, let me help you.” The baby’s body is not fully mature, spitting milk is a common behavior, and it is also a problem encountered by many Bao Da Bao Bao moms, generally do not need to worry about it . However, when babies spit milk, they must pay attention to the methods and methods. It is not a correct demonstration to immediately hold the baby upright like this. So what should the baby do to spit milk? 1. Don’t hold your arms immediately, observe first. The most fearful thing about spitting milk is that when the milk flows back from the esophagus to the throat, it accidentally enters the trachea at the moment of inhalation, causing a strong reflex, causing the baby to cough, which is choking milk. The baby’s nervous system has just developed, and some reflexes are still weak. When the baby chokes milk, if the parents still hold them upright, the milk will not only be coughed out easily, but may also choke into the baby’s lungs, causing choking more serious. And severe choking may endanger the baby’s life safety. Therefore, when babies spit milk, they must first observe whether there is choking milk. 2. If there is no choking milk, do this: under normal circumstances, mild spilling and spitting milk, usually the baby will adjust the breathing and swallowing movements themselves, there is no danger of inhalation of the trachea, mom and dad only need to use the spit milk in time Wipe off the clean gauze and observe its breathing closely. 3. The baby choked on milk. Do this: If the baby just coughed gently, parents can hold the baby sideways, and then let the baby turn his face to the side, help him pat the back, and let the milk flow out from the corner of the mouth. Then help the baby clean the mouth and check the nostrils at the same time. If there are also nostrils, you need to clean them with a cotton swab. If your baby coughs badly, or even suffers from poor breathing or a sudden change of face, it may be that the milk has choked into the trachea. At this time, the mother must not panic. You can let the baby lie on the mother’s lap and increase the back of the back. Strength, let the milk flow out first. Or pinch to stimulate the sole of the foot, make the child feel pain and cry or cough, which is helpful for the baby to cough up the milk in the trachea and ease breathing. If the above methods cannot be relieved, the baby appears purple or suffocated, and immediately dial 120 for help at the same time of self-help. 4. Is it normal for the baby to spit milk? Generally speaking, it is normal for babies to spit milk. It does not matter as long as the baby gains weight and is in a good state of mind. The amount of milk spit out is usually “excess” milk, which will not cause insufficient intake, so parents need not worry. Most babies are six or seven months old. After learning to sit up straight, they no longer spit milk. However, if the baby spit milk with abnormal performance: such as painful expression, inability to appease, refuse to eat, weight loss (no significant increase), back arch (especially during eating), and choking, coughing or vomiting while eating, etc. It is necessary to consider whether the baby has other diseases of the digestive tract and needs medical treatment to confirm the diagnosis. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward a lot of messages, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My science, science content is my personal point of view, for reference only, has nothing to do with my employer. If my science content is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.
What is breast milk jaundice? Breast milk jaundice is jaundice in the neonatal period associated with breastfeeding. There are two types of breast milk jaundice. The first one is jaundice due to inadequate breastfeeding. Early in life, due to inadequate breast milk intake, slow intestinal peristalsis, delayed meconium excretion, increased intestinal and hepatic circulation, and intestinal reabsorption resulting in increased bilirubin levels. Based on the physiological jaundice of the newborn, serum bilirubin A further increase in levels leads to hyperbilirubinemia. In addition, severely high bilirubin levels may cause the nervous system to be in a state of depression, drowsiness reduces the effectiveness of sucking, and the amount of milk consumed is less, so the volume of stool and urine decreases, resulting in a further reduction in the ability to excrete bilirubin, serum bilirubin The level rises further. This neonatal hyperbilirubinemia was once called early-onset breast milk jaundice or breastfeeding jaundice. However, recent experts have pointed out that this type of hyperbilirubinemia is not related to breastfeeding itself, but is related to insufficient breastfeeding. Therefore, if it is called breast milk jaundice or breastfeeding jaundice, it is easy to cause misunderstanding and is called Inadequate breastfeeding jaundice may be more appropriate. The second type is due to certain components in breast milk that affect bilirubin metabolism, or excessive levels of 3α and 20β progesterone in breast milk have an inhibitory effect on liver glucuronidase, or due to intestinal glucuronidase content. Increased or due to increased epidermal growth factor content, may result in decreased intestinal peristalsis and increased bilirubin reabsorption, or due to mutations in the UGT1A1 gene coding region or some unclear reasons leading to serum bilirubin in breastfed infants The peak level is increased. This type of breast milk jaundice is characterized by a delay in the resolution of bilirubin after reaching the peak. Although most breast milk jaundice with delayed regression shows a benign process, special attention should be paid to the fact that there may be some potential pathological factors in the population with delayed regression of neonatal jaundice, and differential diagnosis should be paid attention to.
. Yesterday after returning home from get off work, she met her friend Xiaoya in the atrium garden of the community. She was sitting on a stone chair, watching her son, who was more than 2 years old, playing with friends. I haven’t seen her for a while, so I walked over to chat with her for a while. It didn’t take long for her son to run straight over with sweat: “Mom, I want to drink water.” “Here, this is the pear water that my grandmother just cooked. After sweating so much, drink more.” My friend gave The child said when he handed the kettle. The children grunted, drank a little and a half of the water two or three times, then wiped their mouths and ran away with satisfaction. “My mother-in-law often cooked pear water with a little sweetness. He liked it very much.” When the friend put away the kettle, he casually mentioned it. “Does he usually drink boiled water?” I asked. “He’s fine now, boiled water has no taste, he doesn’t like to drink. So, I often squeeze juice, and sometimes use pears, apples and other fruits to boil water for him.” We all know the water importance. As soon as you drink less water, your baby may have yellow urine in a few minutes, and will not be able to pull out the cake or breath. But some babies just don’t like or even hate drinking water. In order to let the child drink a sip of water, the mother can only do all kinds of tricks. Like Xiaoya squeezed juice, have you ever used it? Is it really feasible to use juice instead of plain water? Is there any better way to make children fall in love with drinking water? 1. Juice is not easy to drink. Many mothers may think that juice can not only add enough water, but also rich in vitamins, and has nutritional value. The key is that children also love to drink, so the child’s temperament comes to the child and repels drinking boiled water. This matter is not at heart. Indeed, the juice contains a certain amount of minerals and vitamin C, but fresh fruit loses a lot of nutrients while squeezing juice, such as vitamins, phytochemicals and dietary fiber, but sugar is concentrated and retained When it comes down, it is easy to overdose and induce baby obesity and dental caries. Moreover, juice with high sugar content will make children prematurely addicted to sweetness, bury the hidden dangers of addiction to sweets and picky eaters, and subsequent feeding troubles are endless. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends restricting children under the age of 1 to drink juice, and children over the age of 1 should also drink less. Encouraging children to eat fruit directly is the best way to retain all nutrients. In this way, he can exercise his teeth chewing ability and digestion ability of his stomach. But if you want to use juice to replace plain boiled water, let’s forget it. Let’s think of a way to make children fall in love with drinking water. Second, let the child fall in love with drinking water, try these 5 tricks. First of all, we must emphasize an old common sense. Under normal circumstances, infants and young children 6 months ago do not need extra water; children from 6 months to 1 year old should drink water properly; children above 1 year old should drink water as needed. That is to say, after the baby is 6 months old, start adding supplementary food, we can gradually help him develop a good habit of drinking water. How to do it? 1. Drink plain water from the beginning. Do not feed juice drinks or flavored water prematurely, such as water boiled with fruits and vegetables. They will affect your baby’s taste. Once you accept this flavor, it will be more difficult for your baby to accept plain water. Boiled water is safe, cheap and wholesome, and is the best drink for babies except breast milk. 2. The amount of water is gradually added. At the beginning of the complementary feeding, after eating a little water, the mouth will be more comfortable, so that the baby can understand that drinking water is a natural instinct of the body, and then gradually increase according to the demand. 3. Learn to use cups in time. When the child reaches the age of six months, let the child learn to drink water in a cup in a timely manner. Through half a year of study, the baby will be able to drink water in the cup by himself at the age of one year, and will quit drinking bottles smoothly. 4. Make drinking water fun. Guide your baby to drink water in the game. Adding drinking water into a game is added to the daily game, which is fun and allows your baby to drink water easily. For example, when playing rock-paper-scissors, the loser will have to drink a sip of water and toast together if there is a tie. Take your kids to choose cute and interesting water glasses, kettles, water bottles, drinking straws, and give water appliances roles, stories, or functions, which will make them feel fresh and interesting and like drinking water. 5. Mom and Dad lead by example. The cultivation of any habit, the role of parents is crucial. Parents do not drink beverages and juices in front of their children, but drink boiled water, and each time they make an expression of enjoyment, so that the child has a sense of curiosity, feels that boiled water is delicious, and will naturally accept boiled water slowly
Now parents are more concerned about the height of their children than before, of course, who does not want their children to be taller. But there is also a problem that parents should not ignore, that is, the children have to be “straight”.
A person’s spine naturally bends back and forth from the neck to the pelvis, but it should not bend left or right. If there is me, the doctor calls it “scoliosis”. This curvature of the spine is usually observed before the child is 10 or 12 years old. Children’s scoliosis can range from mild to severe, from no treatment to possible surgical intervention.
Causes of scoliosis in children
Generally, doctors classify scoliosis into three types:
. This is the most common type of scoliosis, and it is unexplained (“idiopathic”). Sometimes this abnormal spine curvature occurs throughout the family, and there is no genetic difference yet.
. This abnormality occurs when a child’s spine develops problems in the womb. The shape of the vertebrae or ribs is incorrect or not aligned. This type of scoliosis can sometimes be detected by the doctor as early as 2 years old, but most children are only noticed by the doctor when they start growing in adolescence (about 13 years old).
. This type of scoliosis is caused by potential problems affecting the nerves, muscles, or tissues that associate them, such as muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, or Marfan syndrome.
How is scoliosis diagnosed
The diagnosis of scoliosis is non-invasive. First, it starts with visual inspection. It is recommended that scoliosis examination be started at 10 years for girls and 12 years for boys. Boys only need to be screened once, while girls should be screened a second time around age 12.
Scoliosis examination involves a simple visual examination called the Adams Forward Bend Test. During this examination, the doctor will ask your child to stand on legs and then bend forward from the waist. The doctor observes whether the shoulders are level or the pelvis is tilted. These signs can indicate scoliosis.
If the flexion test shows that there may be a problem, a further X-ray spine examination will be performed. The image clearly shows any abnormal curvature of the spine.
If the child is diagnosed with scoliosis, the doctor will classify it according to severity. Mild scoliosis is only a small abnormality of spine curvature, and severe scoliosis may show severe S or C curvature, if not treated in time may cause spinal function problems.
Treatment of scoliosis in children and adolescents
In many mild cases of specific scoliosis, there are no symptoms. However, in severe cases, scoliosis may cause back pain or leg weakness. Congenital or neuromuscular scoliosis may produce other symptoms, such as urinary problems or abnormal heart.
Mild scoliosis usually does not require treatment, as long as the doctor closely monitors the child’s development. Regular imaging such as X-rays or MRI can be used to accurately and accurately determine whether the curvature is worsening.
When treatment is needed, it usually starts with a scoliosis brace that surrounds the entire body of the body. The stand must be worn for up to 23 hours a day, which will help prevent the development of abnormal bending. This kind of scaffold is only effective for children whose bones are not yet mature, which is why early detection is very important.
Very few cases of severe scoliosis require surgery. If your child’s spine curvature exceeds 40 degrees, your doctor may recommend surgery to correct your spine. During scoliosis surgery, the surgeon will implant a rod-like object along the spine to straighten the abnormally curved spine, and may also fuse multiple vertebrae together. If the doctor advises you to perform an operation on your child, be sure to ask about the risks and benefits of the operation and the long-term prognosis.
According to US statistics, there are more than 3 million children diagnosed with scoliosis in the United States each year. Fortunately, most cases are mild. Parents should know that scoliosis is not caused by activities such as carrying a heavy backpack. If you find that your child’s shoulders are not flat when standing upright, or one hip joint seems to be higher than the other hip joint, seek medical attention in time and find scoliosis early. The non-invasive treatment effect is still very good, which can make the body taller and more beautiful.
. When I was happy to go home that day, I saw my mother-in-law feeding rice to a 5-month-old baby. Rejoicing: “Mom, the baby is still breastfeeding, and your teeth are not growing. It is very bad for your baby to feed rice to your baby so quickly.” Mother-in-law: “Where is there something bad, your husband is feeding like this, You see how happy the baby is, the person is iron, the rice is steel, and the rice grows fast…” Who is right, let’s take a look: First, how old can the baby eat rice? Breastfeeding starts to add rice after 6 months. If it is artificial feeding or mixed feeding, you can consider adding it from 4 months. The best choice for the first oral supplement is the commercially available high-speed baby rice flour, which is muddy . Note that if you don’t add iron-rich supplements in time, your baby will be prone to iron-deficiency anemia. The consequences will be more serious and will easily affect nutrition and intelligent development. In addition, it is important to remind that you should never choose your own rice paste made of rice, but buy commercially available baby rice noodles, preferably the original flavor. After 8 months, you can gradually transition to a thicker thick porridge and make some minced pork porridge or minced pork noodles. After 1 year old, you can try soft rice, which is significantly softer than what we eat. It is not recommended for babies to try adult rice. After 2 years old, you can try rice close to adults, but still not too hard. In terms of quantity, taking a 250-300 ml bowl as a reference, it can be gradually increased from 1/4 bowl, half bowl, to one bowl. Second, it is not recommended that babies eat rice prematurely, there are the following three hazards. 1. Increase the gastrointestinal burden of the baby. When there are no teeth, the parents will eat rice for the baby. Then the baby will not be able to chew the food and will swallow the whole rice into the stomach, which will cause gastrointestinal burden. 2. If the nutrition is not enough Feeding rice to the baby early will seriously affect the baby’s appetite, the amount of breast milk that the baby eats will be reduced, so the nutrients in the baby’s body will be lost, affecting the baby’s health. 3. To increase the risk that the baby is not fully capable of chewing food, the parents will forcefully feed the rice, which is likely to cause the baby to choked, hurt the baby’s mouth and stomach, and even face the risk of being stuck in the throat, so eat prematurely Rice will increase the risk of your baby. 3. How to add? 1. Food should be diversified The types of meals should be diversified, so that the baby can try as many types of food as possible to avoid the baby picky eating. 2. Too thick fiber should not be given to babies over 1 year old. For vegetables with too much fiber, such as celery, etc., as well as legume foods, mommy still needs to deal with it specially and make it into smaller pieces. Or muddy will make it easier for your baby to eat. 3. Don’t give your baby food that is too oily or too salty. Don’t use the taste of adults to measure your baby’s taste, because your baby is more sensitive to taste. If you often eat food that is too salty and too oily, it will increase the burden on the kidneys. Babies under 1 year old do not eat salt or sugar, and eat a light diet. 4. Encourage your baby to eat more. Encourage your baby to eat independently. Learn to “let go” to let your baby eat. Don’t reprimand for how dirty it is. This will also exercise their hand-eye coordination ability to a certain extent. 5. Before eating in a good dining environment, turn off the TV/iPad/mobile phone, prepare a special dining chair for your baby, and eat with other family members. You can prepare a cute set of tableware for your baby, so that your baby will be interested in eating. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward the message, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, and has nothing to do with my employer. If the content of my popular science is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.
Pediatric eczema is a group of eczema diseases, important and common is atopic dermatitis, which is generally equivalent to infant eczema in infancy. Other similar diseases include coin-like eczema, contact dermatitis and sweat herpes. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, recurrent disease that mainly causes erythema, itching, and dryness of the skin. The disease usually develops in infancy and can significantly improve or disappear completely with age, but it may also occur for the first time in adults. Data from the United States show that atopic dermatitis affects approximately 10% to 20% of infants and approximately 3% of children and adults. Among them, “atopic” refers to a group of diseases with genetic predisposition, in addition to atopic dermatitis, other diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis may also occur. Its exact etiology is unclear, and it is generally believed that this is related to the overreaction of the human immune system to stimuli. In addition, defects in skin barrier function are often obvious, which may lead to water loss and bacterial entry, so it is prone to itching, dryness, rash or infection. Clinical characteristics Patients with atopic eczema usually have a plateau of symptoms and a period of symptom onset, which is equivalent to recurrence and remission. The rash can affect any part of the body. In children, the scalp, face, inner elbows, hands, popliteal fossa, etc. are most often involved. The basic feature of atopic dermatitis of eczema is itching, which can be severe. The specific symptoms vary from person to person. The affected area usually has erythema, plaque, dryness, and scales. In severe cases, there may be water seepage, scratches, lichenification (roughening and thickening of the skin), hyperpigmentation, or hypopigmentation. The Williams diagnostic criteria for diagnosing atopic dermatitis are very classic, with high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Atopic dermatitis can be diagnosed for clinical reference by meeting the main criteria and 3 or more secondary criteria. Main criteria: skin itching secondary criteria history of flexural dermatitis/eczema, including elbow fossa, popliteal fossa, ankle front, neck (children under 10 years including cheeks) history of asthma or allergic rhinitis (or children under 4 years old) Of first-degree relatives have a history of atopic disease) recent years of generalized skin dryness history of flexural eczema (or children under 4 years of age with cheek/forehead and extremity eczema) onset before 2 years of age (applicable to patients over 4 years of age ) Here are some other types of eczema diseases, which can be easily distinguished from prickly heat or rubella. Coin-shaped eczema: It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by multiple, itchy, coin-shaped eczema lesions, mainly round red patches, on which papules, blisters, and mild erosion can occur. Skin lesions affect the limbs and sometimes the trunk. Contact dermatitis: It is an inflammatory reaction that mainly occurs at the contact site after the skin or mucous membranes are exposed to foreign substances one or more times, and it is characterized by erythema, swelling, papules, blisters and even bullae. Sweat herpes: a relatively common chronic dermatitis involving hands and feet. It is characterized by recurrent small blisters on the palms, soles of the feet, and the lateral edges of the fingers, with a diameter of 1 to 2 mm, often lasting 2 to 3 weeks. Although the cure is a radical cure, most people can effectively control symptoms through care and treatment. The following suggestions may help to control the disease or prevent the onset of the disease: topical glucocorticoids under the guidance of a doctor to relieve redness and itching. Use moisturizer at least twice a day. Try to identify and avoid the incentives that make the condition worse. Possible factors include sweat, pressure, soap, detergent, dust and pollen. In some cases, food may induce or aggravate eczema, such as eggs, milk, soy and wheat products, you can pay attention to it. Bath time is limited to 10 to 15 minutes, use warm water instead of hot water. Use only mild shower gel to bathe. After bathing, pat dry skin gently with a soft towel and apply moisturizer while the skin is still wet.
Before the baby says the first word, he can communicate with his parents! Crying, smiling and responding to parents can help us understand the needs of our children. Knowledge points that parents have: how infants and young children communicate; what to do if they are worried about their children’s developmental delays. The milestones for infants and young children before the age of 2 are different for each child, but most children do certain things at a certain age. The following are the milestones of general child development. Remember, they are just general. If you have any questions about your baby’s development, do not judge for yourself, please consult a doctor-the sooner the better. Even if the child’s development is indeed delayed, early intervention will also receive good results. By the age of 1, most babies will look for and be able to find the source of the sound. In most cases, they will react when shouting their names. Wave goodbye. When you say “look here”, you pay attention to where you are pointing. Speak vaguely and intonation (sound rises and falls as the sentence speaks). Take turns to “talk” to you, she will listen carefully when you talk, and then she will continue to talk when you stop. Say “ba-ba” to dad and “ma-ma” to mom. Say at least 1 word. Point to the items they want out of reach and make a sound while pointing. Between the ages of 1 and 2, most toddlers will perform simple commands. At the beginning, adults need to speak with gestures, and then they just need to say. You can pick it up in another room. When asked about some parts of the body, it can be pointed out correctly. Point to interesting objects or events for you to watch. Show you something. Point to objects and let you say their names. When you ask, you can say the names of common objects and pictures. Like to pretend to play (for example: pretend to cook). They use gestures to add words, even to sign, or to play similar games together with plush toys. Between about 1 year and 2 years, learn a new word every week. By the age of 2, most young children will correctly point to most body parts and common objects based on questions. According to the questions, point to some pictures in the book. Performing a single command, like “putting a cup on the table” does not require you to gesture. Can speak about 50 to 100 words. Please say a few 2-word words, such as “Daddy is gone (have)”, “Baby me”, “All are gone”. Maybe say some 3-character sentences, such as “I want juice” or “See you soon”. Other outsiders can understand about half of the communication. Failure to reach developmental milestones on time If you suspect that your child’s development is delayed and have any of the behaviors in the following list, you should contact your doctor. Sometimes language delays cause delays in behavior. In addition, if the baby stops talking, or stops what she has done before, you should also contact the doctor in time. Unlike other babies, snuggling with the parents no longer has a sweet smile and responding to the parents as if they did not notice whether the parents are in the room. The sound is unresponsive (for example, you hear a car horn or a cat, but you don’t hear it when you call his or her name). The behavior is completely like playing alone in your own world; it seems that “ignoring others” seems You are not interested in toys or do not like to play, but you like to play with other things in the room. You have a strong interest in general children’s items (for example, carry a flashlight or ballpoint pen with you, without a plush toy or favorite blanket). You can face the TV It says ABC, numbers or words in a kind of jingle, but it can’t use words to express what it wants. It doesn’t seem to be afraid of anything. It seems that there is generally pain. Use words that are not commonly used in the current situation, or repeat the language of the lines in the TV. Language delay is the most common type of developmental delay. One out of every five children learns to speak later than other children of the same age. Some children also exhibit behavioral problems, because when children are unable to express their needs, they will feel frustrated. Simple speaking is delayed, sometimes temporary. Children can solve it by themselves or with the help of family members. When this happens, children should be encouraged to “talk” with their parents using gestures or sounds. Parents should spend more time playing with babies or toddlers and talking with children while reading. In some cases, the child may need the help of a professional doctor. Sometimes delay is a sign of a more serious problem, which may include, for example, hearing loss, other developmental delays, or even autism (ASD). Language delays in early childhood may also be a learning problem in the future
. Many people say that the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law is false in the marriage of the young couple. After having a baby, because everyone’s concerns are different and the education they receive is different, more mother-in-laws value the baby more, often taking the old-fashioned method, and the daughter-in-law is more concerned with the scientific concept of parenting, Therefore, disputes and quarrels often arise on the issue of baby care, and some often make people jump, it is difficult to calm down. Bao Ma Jingjing said: The baby is only two months old, and there is not much milk but enough for him to eat. My mother-in-law tells me every day that she gave birth to my husband. They started drinking rice soup in the first four months. Mother Bao Mint Green: My mother-in-law I still give my child tea, and I didn’t listen to it a few times. I think it will be noisy next time… A few days ago, my own niece also asked me to vomit. The baby is now more than five months old and still breastfeeding. It may be due to the reason of saving belly, and it is often that the stool is pulled once every 10 days, and the stool is slightly hard. The mother-in-law will give the baby honey water, saying that it has been a long time without bowel movements, and the intestines are poisonous. In the future, the baby will not grow tall and not grow. The niece could not explain it. The mother-in-law’s attitude was too tough, and she felt right anyway. Seeing that I couldn’t stay at home, my niece ran to spit water at me and asked me, a medical doctor, to persuade her mother-in-law. But when I went to his house to explain the reason to him, my mother-in-law had given the child honey water before, and the child had a bowel movement that day, and the mother-in-law was very proud. I felt that there was a problem with our child-rearing methods. , Watching the new round of parenting wars begin again. What kind of water baby can’t drink? In fact, for the problem of baby drinking water, parents only need to remember the following points. 1. The boiled water after boiling often asks me? , What kind of water should the baby drink the best? Boiled water! Whether it is pure water, mineral water, distilled water, baby water, these are the terms produced by the manufacturer, it is completely unsuitable for babies, don’t be fooled. Because these types are basically processed, some microorganisms are gone, and the baby’s intestine occasionally needs some bacterial flora adjustment. Without these, it is easy to cause intestinal discomfort. Second, do not drink hot tea water Chinese people are particularly particular about not getting hot. Sometimes I see my baby’s stools have not been pulled for a few days, or a bit of bad breath. On the last time, I added various herbal teas to the net water, such as honeysuckle, Banlangen and Coptis. Wait, or some commercially available afternoon special conditioner for babies. But I didn’t expect the baby’s gastrointestinal tract to be very delicate, so to reduce the fire at random would actually damage the baby’s gastrointestinal tract, causing diarrhea and other problems. Some special fire regulators are actually business gimmicks. 3. Do not drink honey water. Babies under one year old cannot drink honey water, because honey water may contaminate botulinum, which will cause baby poisoning. 4. Do not drink sugar water and juice. The American Pediatric Association does not recommend drinking juice for babies under 1 year old. Juice does not concentrate all the nutrients in the fruit, and loses most of the dietary fiber and mineral elements. In the human language, it means that squeezed juice has no nutrition. And drinking plenty of sugar water and fruit juice can easily make the baby form a heavy taste, more and more evidence shows that it will increase the probability of childhood obesity and dental caries. Therefore, after adding supplementary food, the fruit should be cut as much as possible, rather than squeezing juice. As long as the mother remembers “don’t drink one drink and three drink”, the baby’s drinking problem will be solved. As for the mother-in-law, she can try to persuade her husband to pass on scientific parenting knowledge to them, change their previous concepts, and change some bad parenting habits. Let the mother-in-law relationship get along better. Moms, what conflicts have you had with your mother-in-law? Share it and discuss it together. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward the message, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, and has nothing to do with my employer. If the content of my popular science is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.
what to do when baby is having a fever? As each city presses the “start button”, various germs also restart, and there are more babies suffering from fever, respiratory infections and diarrhea. What should I do if my baby gets hot? Today I will give you a new science. 1. What is fever? Before dealing with fever, mothers need to understand what fever is. I have found clinically that many parents do not understand which temperature is called fever. Sometimes it is still within the normal range of temperature, and it is mistaken for hypothermia. So the concept of fever includes three aspects: which thermometer to use, which part to measure and the temperature of each part. At present, fever is defined as anal temperature, ear temperature, frontal temperature ≥38°C, oral temperature ≥37.8°C or axillary temperature ≥37.5°C. Second, the choice of thermometers Commonly used thermometers are: electronic thermometers-can measure the armpits, mouth and rectum. At the time of purchase, pay attention to the measurement part of the thermometer. Infrared thermometers-including ear thermometers that measure the infrared heat waves emitted by the tympanic membrane and frontal thermometers that measure the temperature of the temporal artery. There are two types of frontal thermometers: contact and non-contact. Note that the frontal thermometer measures the temporality on both sides of the forehead The position of the artery, not the middle of the forehead. Mercury thermometers are no longer recommended, because mercury thermometers are easy to break, glass breakage is easy to cause trauma, and mercury in them may also cause mercury poisoning and environmental pollution in children. Some parents are still keen on mercury thermometers, thinking that electronic thermometers or infrared thermometers are not accurate enough. Studies have shown that using electronic thermometers and mercury thermometers to measure the temperature of the armpits and rectum, the deviation is small, so electronic thermometers are one of the ideal tools to replace mercury thermometers to measure body temperature; while forehead thermometers and ear thermometers are currently recommended, but To ensure that the measurement method is correct, and the average value of multiple measurements can improve measurement accuracy. Having said that, we are more concerned about the baby’s mental state than accurate body temperature. After all, it is the mental state to decide when the baby needs to take antipyretic drugs. 3. The treatment of baby fever After the baby is fevered, many parents are not calm. I have seen a pair of parents take the baby to hang the bottle in the hospital. The baby’s body temperature has just risen. The parents keep rubbing the baby with warm water. , But the baby is crying all the time, this is too much. No matter which way we use to cool the baby, the ultimate goal is to alleviate the baby’s discomfort. Around this ultimate goal, our recommended practices are: to maintain indoor air circulation, it is best to open the window to ventilate. The room temperature can be turned on, and the air vent should not be directed at the baby; during the period of rising body temperature, there may be chills. If the baby feels cold, you can add appropriate clothing. When the body temperature drops, there will usually be sweating. If the baby feels hot, it should be reduced. Clothing; when the baby feels uncomfortable, uneasy, or irritable with fever, antipyretic drugs can be used to relieve the discomfort caused by the fever, pay attention to this does not need to limit the body temperature; add enough water: can provide breast milk , Formula milk, diluted fruit juice, plain water, etc.  . . Not recommended: physical cooling for babies, physical cooling does not have a fever-reducing effect, some parents use alcohol to wipe this practice is more undesirable, because it will be absorbed through the alveolar membrane after evaporation, it may also Absorption through the skin leads to poisoning of the central nervous system; covering the baby with heat: doing so is not only not conducive to heat dissipation, it may also lead to “heat covering syndrome”, and in serious cases, life-threatening; although the baby is feverish, he can sleep peacefully, parents However, the baby was awakened to feed antipyretics. 4. What is the need to go to the hospital? The baby under 3 months of age has fever; the baby looks very uncomfortable, always wants to sleep, or can’t wake up, or is too irritable; the mental state is not good after the heat is out; there is difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (according to the WHO definition of child breathing Critical criteria: <2 months old . breathing ≥60 breaths/min, 2~12 months old . breathing≥50 breaths/min, 1~5 years old, breathing≥40 breaths/min, ≥5 years old . . Breathing>30 breaths/minute); skin, lips are dull, gray or bluish, or even mottling; rashes that do not fade under pressure; skin elasticity is reduced, or urine output is significantly reduced; baby’s neck is stiff and not closed to fontanelle Baby, with fontanelle dilatation; convulsions (the seizure has not been relieved for more than 5 minutes, or the seizures are 2 or more in a day)