For those with mild cerebrovascular obstruction, can they drink some alcohol to moderate blood vessels? Read the truth in one article

Cardio-cerebrovascular disease is the number one killer threatening human life. There has always been a saying that moderate drinking can prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases including coronary heart disease and stroke, and it has become a persuasive word on the wine table for many drinkers. Is this statement correct? For those with mild cerebrovascular obstruction, can you drink some wine in an appropriate amount to dredge blood vessels to prevent diseases such as cerebral infarction? Can drinking prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases? Academia has been controversial about whether drinking alcohol can prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In the past, it was thought that small or moderate drinking can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, in fact, in 2018, a study that included data from 28 million people in 1990-2016 was published in the international top medical journal “The Lancet”. [1]: Drinking alcohol does not bring us any health benefits The seventh leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the number one killer of young men and women aged 15-49. Due to its large population, China is the country with the largest number of deaths due to drinking, with up to 700,000 deaths each year due to drinking. In 2019, the Lancet published a research paper by Peking University, the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Oxford University [2], which included prospective studies of 512,715 adults in 10 regions of China and chronic diseases in China from 2004 to 2008 ( CKB) project 160,000 adult prospective follow-up data and genetic data, and record the alcohol intake of this population, followed up for ten years, followed by monitoring the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (including stroke, Cerebral hemorrhage and myocardial infarction). It was concluded that as the amount of alcohol consumed increased, the blood pressure level and stroke risk of this population continued to increase. Therefore, for patients with cardiovascular disease, drinking alcohol does not benefit the body, even if drinking in small amounts. What are the main harms of drinking to the body? (1) Damage to the digestive system We all know that drinking and hurting the liver. The liver is the main organ that metabolizes alcohol. Alcohol can damage liver cells, leading to the occurrence of alcoholic liver and cirrhosis. And alcohol can stimulate the esophagus and gastric mucosa, causing esophagitis, gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcers. One-off overeating may also induce acute necrotizing pancreatitis, which is life-threatening. (2) Damage to the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular system can increase cholesterol and triglycerides, leading to hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis, which may cause hypertension and stroke. And long-term excessive drinking can cause myocardial steatosis, affect the normal function of the heart, may lead to coronary heart disease and heart failure. (3) Carcinogenic alcohol is classified as a first class carcinogen by WHO. Drinkers are more likely to get gastrointestinal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colorectal tumors, and melanoma. (4) Other drinking can lead to inadequate food intake of the human body, impaired digestive system function leads to insufficient absorption of other nutrients, so that vitamin and mineral deficiencies, anemia, decreased immunity and other damage. And alcohol will damage the germ cells, causing fetal malformations. Moreover, people will easily get excited after drinking, leading to accidents or violence. Drinking alcohol hurts the body, especially for people with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, it is best not to drink one drop. For people with mild cerebrovascular obstruction, drinking is also not recommended, even if it is a small amount of alcohol, and the risk factors of vascular obstruction, such as three highs, obesity, atherosclerosis, vascular plaque, etc., need to be targeted for prevention and treatment. Treat and improve lifestyle to maintain cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health. References: 1. Alcoholuse and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: systematicanalysis for the Global Burden of Disease Research 2016 [J]. The Lancet, 20182. MillwoodIY, WaltersRG, MeiXW, etal.

Why do most elderly women have knee pain? Most of these are the disasters caused by these three points.

I believe that many people have heard the saying, “People grow old first, trees old roots first dry.” This sentence means that when we age with age, the first to age is our legs. , We are all flesh and blood, not reinforced iron bones. Our daily activities are inseparable from the walking and weight-bearing of the legs. Therefore, with the passage of time, the cartilage protecting the joints in the leg joints is increasingly worn out, which eventually leads to the formation of a large number of bone spurs. Joint space is narrow, and the incidence of disease gradually increases with age, so it is also called “senile joint disease”. Why is the incidence of elderly women higher than men? Is there any good way? Why are many elderly women more prone to knee pain? (1) Physiological structure is different: anatomically speaking, the female pelvis is not the same as the male. In order to better assume the role of “mother”, it is suitable for fertility. The female pelvis is relatively wide, and the female patella during the squat process The pressure on the outside is greater and it is easier to wear. (2) Hormone levels fluctuate greatly: women have to go through menstrual period, gestation stage and menopause throughout their lives. Hormone levels in the body are different at different periods, and changes in hormone levels can affect the firmness of ligaments and tendons. During pregnancy, with the fetal Development, weight gain, the weight of the knee joint gradually increases, the wear on the knee joint will increase. In menopause, a large drop in estrogen can lead to osteoporosis, and the bones become weaker and the joints are less stable. (3) Physical overload: In modern traditional households, women generally play two roles. They must work or work to ensure the general expenditure of the family, but also do housework, take children, do laundry and cook, and assume the obligations of good wives and mothers. Therefore, the long-term damage to the knee joint is great in the past, and aging itself is also a key factor after increasing age, so older women have a higher chance of occurrence than men. Is there any good way? (1) Prevention of osteoporosis: Since aging is an important factor for joint damage, supplementing nutrients is particularly important. First of all, we must supplement calcium to reduce osteoporosis caused by calcium loss, which can delay the rate of knee aging. Usually, we can eat more milk, soy products and calcium tablets. Secondly, it can be supplemented with ammonia sugar to help cartilage repair and reduce joint pain. Generally, oral administration for about three months will show a certain effect. (2) Weight control: The knee bears a large part of the weight of the human body. The heavier the weight, the heavier the knee burden and the more serious the wear and tear. Weight control is essential for delaying knee injury. (3) Reasonable exercise: When you are old, you must consciously avoid some sports that damage the knee joint, such as playing ball, walking long distances, etc., exercise reasonably, rest properly, pay attention to the warmth of the knee, and protect our knee joint. Summary There are many causes of knee pain in elderly women. The specific causes of pain need to be checked under the guidance of a specialty such as an orthopedics or rehabilitation doctor. The pain in old age may come from some bad lifestyle habits that were developed at a young age. Yu Weiran, enhance bone protection awareness, prevent osteoporosis, pay attention to reasonable exercise, etc. to protect our knee joints, if there is pain, don’t be afraid, face it positively, and treat it as soon as possible with the help of a doctor. (Part of the picture source network in the article, the copyright belongs to the original author, thank you for the picture author, if you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me, I will delete it.)

Gout with hyperlipidemia, how to live? How to exercise? See what medical experts say

Gout is caused by hyperuricemia, because uric acid and blood lipids are mainly synthesized in the liver, and purine is the raw material for the synthesis of uric acid. Increased purine will also increase the activity of glucose 6 phosphatase, resulting in increased fatty acid synthesis and increased blood lipids Therefore, in addition to inducing gout, hyperuricemia will also promote the occurrence of hyperlipidemia. Among patients with hyperuricemia or gout who go to the hospital for treatment, a certain percentage of patients also have hyperlipidemia. So how do diet + exercise regulate gout and hyperlipidemia? Notes on life of gout and hyperlipidemia 1) There are two main treatment principles for gout in diet, one is to reduce uric acid synthesis, and the other is to promote uric acid excretion. The key to reducing the synthesis of uric acid is to reduce the intake of purine, so gout combined with hyperlipidemia, diet therapy is the first treatment measure to reduce the intake of purine, cholesterol and triglycerides from the source. It is recommended that patients with gout and hyperlipidemia choose a low-fat, low-purine diet. Some foods such as animals, internal organs, broth, fat, beer, etc. are high-purine and high-cholesterol foods. It is recommended to avoid eating. Milk, eggs, whole grains, vegetables, fruits and other foods have very low purine content and low cholesterol and triglyceride content, so you can eat more. 2) Pay attention to a healthy lifestyle because the essence of high uric acid is the abnormal increase of purine metabolism in the liver. If the liver function is abnormal and the purine metabolism is disordered, high uric acid is bound to be difficult to control. , Smoking and other causes of liver damage. In the same way, a healthy lifestyle can effectively prevent hyperlipidemia. How to exercise for gout and hyperlipidemia? Exercise can promote the excretion of uric acid, the breakdown of cholesterol and triglycerides, and it is also very helpful for the treatment of gout and hyperlipidemia. Studies suggest that stress, stress, alcoholism, low blood sugar, staying up late, high workloads or games cause the body to be in a state of stress, protein and fat are involved in energy metabolism, which leads to a large amount of uric acid pyruvate and lactic acid, which is more likely to cause high Uric acidemia and gout. On the one hand, physical exercise prevents weight gain from causing fatty liver, on the one hand, it can relieve stress and reduce the production of stress, and can maximize the development of hyperuricemia into gout. But exercise is like a double-edged sword, because intense exercise can induce acute attacks of gout, so moderate aerobic exercise is suitable for patients with gout, such as walking, jogging, aerobics, mountain climbing, swimming, etc. In addition, due to photography It is often necessary to go out to collect wind. The process of collecting wind is also the process of aerobic exercise. In addition, many patients do not know the frequency of exercise. Too frequent exercise may also induce gout attacks in patients with severe hyperuricemia (blood uric acid level> 540umol / L). Studies have shown that the frequency of exercise is also related to the number of gout attacks. The study suggests that patients with moderately elevated blood uric acid (blood uric acid level 481 ~ 540umol / L) can take 1-3 per month according to the degree of uric acid increase. The frequency of exercise is twice, and for severe hyperuricemia, the rate of gout attack is higher than those who exercise 4-6 times a week without exercise and daily exercise, so 4-6 times a week aerobic exercise is suitable for severe Exercise frequency in patients with hyperuricemia. At the same time, the study also found that a single exercise can not reduce the levels of uric acid and triglycerides, and it requires long-term adherence to regular aerobic exercise to have a significant effect. Concluding remarks, we need to remind that gout and hyperlipidemia require standardized treatment under the guidance of a specialist. In addition to drugs, a healthy lifestyle is very important, including drinking more water, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol, eating less purine-rich foods, and scientific exercise! I believe that after strict implementation of these laws, high uric acid and gout will tremble away from you! References: [1] Huang Yefei, Ou Jiayong, Liu Qi, Gu Jieruo. Research on the effects of different exercise frequencies on gout attacks in patients with hyperuricemia [J]. New Medicine, 2018, 49 (5): 355-358. [ 2] Wang Guoliang, Wang Fuke, Zhang Hong, Li Yanlin. Correlation analysis of hyperuricemia and hyperlipidemia [J]. Journal of Kunming Medical University, 2014, 35 (3): 142-142. (Part of the picture source network in the text, The copyright belongs to the original author. I would like to thank the author of the picture. If you find any violation of your copyright, please contact me and I will delete it.)

Facial spasm-“Jumping eyelids, jumping out of big troubles”

Occasionally, your eyelid jumps, Everyone will say “Left eye jump money, right eye jump disaster”, But if you keep jumping, from eyelids jump to face and mouth convulsions, will cause you trouble, A condition-facial muscle spasm. Facial muscle spasm is more common in middle-aged and elderly people, manifested by involuntary convulsions on one side of the face, and is a common disease in neurosurgery. At present, intracranial blood vessels compressing the facial nerve is considered to be the cause of facial spasm. Facial spasm diagnosis symptoms: Convulsions: Most of the early stage of the disease is one eyelid, which gradually expands slowly to one side of the face. Convulsions of facial and angular muscles appear. In severe cases, neck muscles may be involved. As the course of the disease prolongs, the eyes on the same side cannot be opened, and the corners of the mouth skew to the same side. Bilateral muscle spasms are relatively rare, mostly on one side, and gradually develop to both sides. The characteristics of convulsions: the degree of convulsions varies from paroxysmal to irregular convulsions. The initial convulsions are mild, lasting only a few seconds, and then gradually increase, which can reach a few minutes or longer. Most convulsions stop after going to sleep. It is often exacerbated by fatigue, nervousness, and voluntary movement, but it cannot be controlled. The patient feels upset, unable to work or study, or even unable to open his eyes or walk, which seriously affects the physical and mental health of the patient. Concomitant symptoms: Individual cases may be accompanied by ipsilateral dizziness, tinnitus, and tearing. Facial muscle spasm examination method Magnetic resonance examination: through imaging examination (MRTA) to determine whether there are blood vessels compressing the facial nerve, and at the same time to determine whether there is a lesion in the brain. Electrophysiological monitoring: Patients with facial muscle spasm have abnormal myoelectric potential waveform (AMR), which is a specific waveform of facial muscle spasm. The normal population cannot monitor the AMR waveform. Treatment method: Pharmacological treatment: At present, there is no ideal therapeutic drug, and carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine drugs can be used. The drug treatment effect is poor, and as the course of the disease is prolonged, side effects will gradually appear. In the process of drug treatment, pay close attention to the side effects of the drug. Carbamazepine may cause symptoms such as rash, drowsiness, unresponsiveness, and unstable walking. Once the side effects occur, the drug must be stopped immediately. Botulinum toxin treatment: botulinum toxin injection can reduce facial nerve electrical signal transmission, the first time can control symptoms for 3-6 months, the second injection can also be effective, multiple recurrences and even multiple injection treatments. Poor, repeated injections can cause permanent facial paralysis. Microvascular decompression: Microvascular decompression displaces the blood vessels that compress the facial nerve under the microscope or endoscopically, and treats facial muscle spasm from the cause. At the same time, the electrophysiological monitoring method is used to guide the method during the operation, which improves the cure rate and reduces the surgical risk. The treatment effect is good, and the recurrence rate is low.

Be alert! Patients with facial spasm, don’t touch these 4 things …

Occasionally, your eyelid jumps, Everyone will say “Left eye jump money, right eye jump disaster”, But if you keep jumping, from eyelids jump to face and mouth convulsions, will cause you trouble, This is actually A disease-facial muscle spasm. Face muscle spasm (HemifacialSpasm, HFS), also known as facial muscle twitching, manifested as involuntary twitching of one side of the face. The convulsions are paroxysmal and irregular, with varying degrees, which can be aggravated by fatigue, nervousness, and voluntary movement. The onset usually begins with the orbicularis oculi muscle and then involves the entire face. The disease usually occurs after middle age and is common in women. 1 Avoid spicy spicy foods Such as common onions, garlic, leeks, chili, pepper, pepper, onion, mustard, five-spice powder, curry powder, etc. are all spicy spicy foods. 2 Avoid obesity Because obesity can cause facial muscle spasm symptoms to be more serious, patients with facial muscle spasm should use less food and more meals. 3 Avoid ingestion of polysaccharides: especially white sugar. White sugar does not contain vitamins, and sugar needs vitamin B to participate in metabolism, which makes the vitamin B that patients with facial muscle spasm lacks more scarce, which is not conducive to disease recovery. 4 bogey tobacco and alcohol: If you drink too much alcohol, it is easy to cause vitamin B deficiency. Especially liquor, which has high alcohol content, should be controlled not to drink. The other is to avoid smoke, coffee, strong tea, which all contain excitement and stimulation for the human body, and are also likely to cause more harm.

Does sports really hurt your knees? What should I do if my knee hurts?

Someone often tells me, what’s the matter with knee pain after running or kicking the ball? What are the specific reasons for the knee damage, and how to protect the knees during sports, this must be said below. To protect the knee, first of all, we must know the cause of the damaged and painful knee. In general, there are the following reasons: 1. The patella softens, and the cartilage tissue of the knee (that is, the patella) and its connection part will be resonated during exercise. And pressure, the greater the weight, the higher the exercise intensity, the greater the probability of injury; 2. Meniscus injury, which is mostly caused by the external force of the knee joint torsion. When the lower leg of the load-bearing leg is in semi-flexion and abduction, the body and thigh suddenly Internal rotation, the medial meniscus is subject to rotational pressure between the femoral condyle and the tibia, which can easily cause the meniscus to wear or even tear; 3. Patellar tendinitis, the largest floating bone on the body, can protect the knee joint, it is staggered The friction of the quadriceps tendon against the cartilage surface of the femoral condyle prevents the function of excessive adduction, abduction, and extension and flexion of the knee joint. If the patella tendon becomes excessively fatigued, the tendon may become inflamed when the fibers are torn or other injuries occur. When the joints continue to exercise, the injury will further develop, and the pain will become more obvious or even worse; 4. Osteoarthritis, which is a non-infectious inflammation, is caused by overweight load, and long-term excessive exercise and incorrect running posture can cause Knee osteoarthritis. & nbsp. Now let’s talk about protection measures, in fact many people understand. The first is to open the knee joint before each running exercise, especially in winter, warm up before running, this can make the knee joint have a certain adaptation process, let the muscles and knees “warm up”, this not only can run better The state can also effectively reduce or even avoid sports injuries. The second is the running posture, the completion of a complete movement of running, one is the foot landing, the other is the body to maintain balance and move forward, and the third is to lift up, only such a correct posture, grasp the rhythm, can ensure effective exercise and no injury . Finally, after running, you need to stretch, which can not only relax the knee joint but also relax the tense muscles after running, promote the discharge of metabolic waste after running, and reduce the damage to the human body. Of course, you can massage and heat your legs for a short time before going to bed, which can better protect and promote the repair of knee joint wear. Therefore, although exercise is beneficial to health, exercise must be done to a certain extent. It is often recommended that moderate jogging can achieve the purpose of exercise. If you want to meet other requirements, you must formulate more details that suit you. The body is your own and exercise should be moderate. Doctor Yao Jinghui, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University (Guangdong Orthopedics Hospital, Guangdong Orthopedics Research Institute), hopes to help everyone’s health!

Guidelines for Relapsed Pregnancy Loss (RPL) (8)

The guidelines on RPL treatment are intended to provide medical workers with available evidence for RPL female examination and treatment. All recommendations in the guideline are based on the evaluation of the best evidence available in the literature and discussions in the guideline development group (GDG), taking into account the balance of pros and cons, patient preferences, doctor expertise and resource use. The guide includes 77 recommendations, 60 of which are based on evidence (and 31 and 29 of these are established by strong or conditional recommendations), and 17 are good practice points (GPPs). The evidence supporting RPL couples’ examination and treatment is limited and the quality of the evidence is average. Among the evidence-based recommendations, only 10 (16.3%) are supported by moderate quality evidence (moderatequalityevidence), and the rest of the recommendations are of low (35, 57.4%) or very low (16, 26.2%) quality Evidence support. There is no support based on high-quality evidence. One of the most important endings of limited evidence is the lack of RPL-defined evidence. Evidence-based definition does not exist (anevidence-based definition wasnotfeasible). Further, for most examinations and treatments, there is no data on when to start examinations and / or treatments; whether examinations and treatments can be postponed until a certain time after the next pregnancy loss; whether they are primary or secondary, continuous or discontinuous Medical care for pregnancy loss is different. For most examinations and treatments, the decision of when to start the examination and treatment should be made by the doctor and the couple. This is the result of a joint decision and is consistent with the available resources (astheresult of sharing decision-making and be compatible with available resources). The second outcome of limited evidence is the recommended number of examinations and treatments in the research context (inaresearch context) rather than in routine clinical practice. The current guideline contains only three recommendations for interventions in the context of research. In the 2006 guidelines, five recommendations were listed as requiring more RCTs, four of which (progesterone, Ivlg, folic acid, and donor lymphocyte immunity) are now believed not to improve the chance of live births in women with RPL, and the fifth, aspirin / Heparin is recommended to treat APS women with three pregnancy losses, but more studies are needed for APS women with two pregnancy losses or APS women with genetic thrombophilia. Third, the lack of evidence-based examination and treatment has led to significant research waste in RPL care. Therefore, the guidelines clearly mention that they should not be used for the examination and treatment of RPL couples. Some treatments are not recommended because they have been shown to be ineffective in increasing the live births of couples with RPL, while some have not been studied in couples with RPL, or have shown significant adverse events. Similarly, several tests are being used for RPL couples but have shown no benefit. It is clear that due to lack of research, evidence-based practice in RPL is still not feasible (isnotyetfeasible). The current guidelines clearly show the areas that must be studied more and the research agenda is already there. The purpose is to stimulate research on RPL, and more specifically, those questions that urgently need answers. Although waiting for evidence and evidence-based recommendations, GPPs can be provided to support doctors in routine practice.

Do you want to live with your parents after marriage?

Author: Liu Yingya marriage would join their parents to live with it? Come and hear what a man says. The man said that he hopes not to live with both parents after marriage. A community can be, a building can also be, just do not live together. This is what this man thinks. But different people have different opinions and ideas. The reason is that they have different inner relationships with their parents. These inner feelings prompt them to have different expectations, different choices, and different feelings. Objectively, two points can be considered: the living habits and lifestyles of elders and juniors are different. Life goals and directions are also different. In fact, there is no common language. Just as if the couple are different in all aspects, they can live together, that is, they must learn to “love” love, but they seem to have no companionship. It is easy to confuse boundaries with living with parents. Who is the head of the family? Ordinary parents will still have the psychological posture of their parents, and it is easy to govern the interference of the young couple’s life. This affects not only the elderly life of the parents, but also the formation of the small family and the functions of the small family. If you do n’t live together, you can live nearby. In fact, this arrangement does not interfere with each other, gives each other space to exist freely, grow freely, and can take good care of each other. (The original article. The picture comes from the Internet, the copyright of the picture belongs to the author of the picture.) Is there any gain after reading? Follow me, teach you to use psychology to analyze the phenomenon and confusion of marriage and love, and help you understand love and marriage. Liu Yingya: Master of Psychology, National Class Two Psychological Counselor, Marriage and Bisexual Emotional Family Researcher, Personal Physical and Mental Growth Researcher, Lily Marriage and Love Network Emotion Instructor, Enterprise Staff Growth Consultant for more than ten years of psychological work, focusing on family marriage and love , Personal physical and spiritual growth. & nbsp. & nbsp.

What are the symptoms of baby hepatitis?

& nbsp. & nbsp. & nbsp. For children, it is easy to get hepatitis. Hepatitis in babies is mainly caused by viral infections. For the baby, after suffering from hepatitis, there may be no symptoms. However, some babies may have symptoms such as jaundice, fever, nausea and vomiting. At present, the best way to prevent hepatitis is to vaccinate on time. For children, the incidence of hepatitis A is relatively high, especially for babies living in low-income groups. But often these babies do not have any symptoms, so it is difficult to be identified. Hepatitis A is generally spread mainly through contaminated water sources or food, or directly from person to person. Of course, human feces may also contain this virus. Therefore, if the baby is in kindergarten or nursery, it is important to wash hands before and after meals. But for hepatitis B, it is mainly transmitted through body fluids, but so far, for teenagers and babies whose mothers have been infected with hepatitis B virus, hepatitis B has the highest infection rate. If individual pregnant women suffer from acute or chronic hepatitis B during pregnancy, attention should be paid at this time, because for such pregnant women, it is easy to transmit the virus to the newborn during delivery. Therefore, for all pregnant women, you should check for the presence of hepatitis B virus infection. In most cases, the treatment of hepatitis is not too special. Almost like other viruses, only through self-defense mechanisms can you overcome the virus infection. In order for the baby to get effective care and treatment during the illness, it is necessary to adjust his diet and daily life according to his condition. Of course, you should also pay attention to the medication of the baby, and you must follow the doctor’s instructions to avoid blind medication or reuse medication, because it is easy to affect the baby’s liver, thereby increasing the burden on the liver, and even the baby The impact of the development. (The picture in the article comes from the Internet, invaded and deleted)

Children’s diet

Many parents inquire about the children’s diet, such as what they can eat and what they can’t. Healthy growth of children, nutrition and environment are very important. Pay attention to hygiene: children do not know what to eat and what to eat, mainly relying on parents. For many things, whether they are broken or corrupt, whether they are clean or hygienic, children certainly don’t understand. They tend to eat with their own liking, and they like to stuff their mouths when they see things. Many children have a bad habit of not washing their hands. It is important to wash their hands before eating. Otherwise, it is easy to get gastrointestinal diseases, such as diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting and so on. Some children are greedy for fruits and cold drinks. For example, watermelon can relieve the heat, and it is useful to eat some properly. The seasonal fruits now include pear melon, bayberry, plum, etc., but the fruits and melons are not washed, peeled, or put on for a long time. Gastrointestinal, eating too much can easily damage the spleen and stomach. In the past, children in rural areas also suffered from poisoning by eating wild fruits or mushrooms. For example, ginkgo is rich in nutrients, but eating more can easily lead to poisoning. Don’t make up: the drugs are all biased and are used to cure the disease. The drugs are either cold or hot, so that they can be corrected and used to treat the imbalance of cold and heat. There are many types of tonic in Chinese medicine. Qi, blood, yin and yang are used to treat qi deficiency, blood deficiency, yin deficiency, yang deficiency, and even qi and blood double tonic, yin and yang double tonic. Tonic can only be supplemented if the corresponding situation is false, otherwise it will not only have no benefits, but will also have disadvantages. The most common is to damage the spleen and stomach function, hinder the absorption function of the spleen and stomach, and produce spleen and stomach diseases. As another example, the medicines for invigorating qi and replenishing yang tend to be warm, and warm things are easy to consume yin fluid, dry mouth, bitter mouth, dry stools, oral ulcers, etc., commonly known as getting angry. The blood and yin supplements are often cold and cold, and improper supplements are also harmful. Qi deficiency uses the medicine to nourish blood, and Yin deficiency uses the medicine to nourish the yang. If the children are healthy and lively, they can eat, drink, sleep and pull, and there is no false syndrome. Even if there is a false syndrome, it is necessary to choose the right medicine to make up according to the physique, and the diet is the first choice. Because of the relative medicine, the material bias of food therapy is not so drastic, relatively peaceful, and usually healthy, and the purpose of physical fitness can also be achieved through proper diet therapy. “Medicinal supplements are not as good as food supplements.” Therapeutic side: Click on the food side to see the big picture: Children’s diet should be time, quantitative and high quality. Choose nutritious food that is easy to digest and needs for growth and development. Infants and young children mainly use liquid or paste-like foods such as milk, soy milk, porridge, minced meat, vegetable puree and so on. For young children, try to choose the ones that are easy to digest, avoid spicy, do not eat too greasy things, such as fat, etc., so as not to produce phlegm. “Fish and fire meat and phlegm, radish cabbage to keep safe.” Some parents are afraid that their children will not be able to eat enough. They desperately add food, increase the amount, and increase the number of times, which leads to exceeding the digestive function of the spleen and stomach of the child. Each child has a different physique. Some children are born with a large amount of meals, and some are relatively small. Like my two children, the second child obviously eats more. The older ones eat less, as long as they are healthy . Avoid coughing in the early stage of coughing, or just catch a cold. Eat more radish, winter melon, tofu skin, eat less or not onion, ginger, chili; children with stomach problems eat less meals, avoid spicy, fried food. Anemia children can eat more high-vitamin, high-protein and high-iron foods, such as various fruits, vegetables, meat porridge, etc. Since the artificially fed children have less iron in milk, rice and noodles, they can add egg yolk, Pork liver, fish, soy products, etc. Children with weak spleen and stomach can eat iron stick yam and lotus seeds. Children with purpura avoid eating fish, shrimp, chicken, milk, etc., and can eat peanut clothes, red dates, etc. Children with anorexia can consider 20 grams of hawthorn, 10 jujubes, 2 chickens with gold, appropriate amount of white sugar, first roast the hawthorn and jujube in a casserole until browned, add chicken gold and white sugar, 1 bowl of water and half fried 20 Take juice in minutes, take it in three doses, one dose per day, and three or four doses in a row. Children eat food, 15 grams of gold in the chicken, 50 grams of millet. & nbsp. Wash the millet, put it in a casserole and add the appropriate amount of water to boil the porridge. After the porridge is boiled, add the chicken powder, until the millet is sticky. Obese children should try to eat low-fat, low-sugar, low-calorie diets, eat more vegetables, increase the amount of crude fiber foods, eat more vegetarian oil, do not eat animal fats, limit snacks, water

Ma Huateng also missed the hot search in the two sessions, but it turned out to be “waist not good”?

Many friends asked what happened to Ma Huateng? The answer was-“Recurrence of old lumbar disease” Maybe many friends were more surprised. But these two sessions? Actually asked for leave due to low back pain? I am also suffering from low back pain. Moving bricks! The answer is-Ma Huateng’s waist is not a common waist misunderstanding. I mean this is a “old waist” that has been “experienced and bruised”. On many important occasions, Ma Huateng was absent because of “waist”: In August 2014, the strategic cooperation press conference between Tencent and Huayi was absent because of low back pain that could not fly to Beijing. In the same month, the venue of the Wanda e-commerce conference was changed from Beijing to Shenzhen, also to accommodate Ma Huateng’s waist. In October 2019, Wuzhen Internet Conference, was absent because of a back injury. The same year’s Tencent Annual Meeting, suspected that the back injury was not good, and double absent …… June 3, 2011, Ma Huateng said in an interview that he was the biggest The wish is that “(hopefully) the accident that caused my lumbar disc herniation should not happen.” It can be seen that Ma Huateng’s low back pain is probably due to the protrusion of the lumbar intervertebral disc, and has been troubled for many years. What is lumbar disc herniation? Lumbar disc herniation is one of the more common diseases, mainly because the various parts of the lumbar disc (nucleus pulposus, annulus fibrosus and cartilage plate), especially the nucleus pulposus, have different degrees of degenerative changes , Under the action of external force factors, the annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral disc ruptures, and the nucleus pulposus tissue protrudes (or protrudes) from the rupture site or into the spinal canal, causing the adjacent spinal nerve roots to be stimulated or compressed, resulting in waist pain, one side A series of clinical symptoms such as numbness and pain in the lower extremities or both lower extremities. Lumbar disc herniation has the highest incidence of lumbar 4-5 and lumbar 5-sacral 1, accounting for about 95%. What is the cause of lumbar disc herniation? 1. The degenerative changes of the lumbar disc are the basic factors. The degeneration of the nucleus pulposus is mainly manifested by the reduction of water content, and it can cause small-scale pathology such as vertebral instability and loosening due to dehydration. Change. The degeneration of the fiber ring is mainly manifested by the reduction of the toughness. 2. Injury Long-term repeated external forces cause slight damage and aggravate the degree of degeneration. 3. Weakness of the disc’s own anatomical factors The disc gradually lacks blood circulation after adulthood, and its repair ability is poor. On the basis of the above factors, a certain inducing factor that can cause the pressure on the intervertebral disc to suddenly increase, that is, may cause the nucleus pulposus with poor elasticity to pass through the fibrous ring that has become less tough, causing the nucleus pulposus to protrude. 4. Genetic factors Lumbar intervertebral disc herniation has been reported to be familial. 5. Congenital abnormalities of lumbosacral sacralization include lumbar sacralization, lumbosacralization, hemivertebral deformity, facet joint deformity, and articular process asymmetry. The above factors can change the stress on the lower lumbar spine, which constitutes an increase in the internal pressure of the intervertebral disc and is prone to degeneration and injury. 6. Inducing factors On the basis of degenerative disc degeneration, a certain factor that can induce a sudden increase in intervertebral space pressure can cause nucleus pulposus protrusion. Common triggers include increased abdominal pressure, incorrect waist posture, sudden weight-bearing, pregnancy, cold and moisture.

How painful is lumbar disc herniation?

The data shows that the number of patients with lumbar spondylosis in China has exceeded 200 million. Among people aged 30 to 40, 59.1% have cervical or lumbar disease. People aged 50 to 60 years old, the proportion of people suffering from this disease is 71%. The proportion has climbed to 82% I do n’t believe you touch your waist or ask the people around you “How is your waist okay?” How much pain can that backache actually have? We have seen too many netizens crying and feel like paralysis Similarly, the lower body can’t move at all, and everyone needs help to eat and drink Lhasa. Let a beautiful girl in the flower season who can jump around, catch the moon in the sky, and catch the turtle in the sea. Minutes, the ass is like a needle stick, and the whole back hurts. He was limping while walking, and there were bugs crawling on the soles of his feet. It made a 2m tall man playing professional basketball so painful that he cried on the bed, and he wanted to die …

8 body signals for lumbar disc herniation?

1. Is there lameness after acute sprain, such as one-handed waist support or the affected lower limb in a jump-and-jump gait for fear of weight-bearing, or a habitual body leaning forward with hips protruding to one side. 2. Is the lumbar spine deflecting to one side because of trying to avoid pain, and whether the deflection can relieve the pain to a certain extent. 3. Whether the pain is aggravated when sitting up, standing or walking, and is relieved when lying down. 4. Whether the symptoms of low back pain become worse during coughing, defecation or laughter, or leg pain and leg numbness. 5. After resting in the supine position, if the pain still can not be relieved, you can try whether the pain symptoms are alleviated in the lateral position, bending over, hip flexion, and knee flexion. 6. In the prone position, press the middle and both sides of the lumbar vertebrae by hand, whether there is obvious tenderness. 7. Supine position, then sit up and observe whether the affected lower limb can flex the knee joint due to pain. 8. In the supine position, straighten the knee joint on the affected side and raise the affected limb to see if the height is restricted due to pain.

Vulva condyloma acuminata, recurred twice after freezing, what medicine can be good?

There are many methods for treating condyloma acuminatum, such as freezing, electrocautery, photodynamic therapy and other physical treatments. Usually, this treatment is mainly for local lesions of the wart body tissue, and the HPV virus in the spinal layer and basal layer of epidermal cells cannot be cleared, so it relapses. The rate is high. Simply removing the warts and the virus remains, it is easy to relapse. It is difficult to cure completely by simply applying drugs. Many patients will wonder if there is any medicine that can be wiped after learning that they are infected with genital warts. After all, it is convenient to apply drugs and the disease of genital warts is relatively private. There are many kinds of drugs for treating genital warts on the market, but the general phenomenon is that the effect is very obvious at the beginning of the application, and the wart body soon falls off, but it does not take long for the wart body to grow out again and again and again. In the end, the condition became more and more serious. Therefore, for friends who are eager to be cured at once, do not blindly choose laser treatment, so that subsequent relapses will not affect life and work.

What to do if you experience insomnia during pregnancy? 4 easy solutions

& nbsp. Yesterday ’s 8-month-pregnant niece called for help: I ​​have n’t been able to sleep well this month. The bigger the baby, the more difficult it is to sleep. Sleep less than 3 hours a night, so tired! Why is this happening during pregnancy and what should I do? Will it not affect your baby in the future? Insomnia is a short sleep time and poor sleep quality. People can’t sleep at night and easily wake up. It is difficult to fall asleep again after waking up. Some people can still work normally during the day after insomnia. Most people feel that their concentration is not easy to concentrate, their moods fluctuate easily, and they are particularly tired and depressed after waking up during the day. Many expectant mothers will experience sleep problems during pregnancy, especially during the first three months and the last three months of pregnancy. The causes of insomnia, in addition to the common causes of adult anxiety, stress at work, too much sleep during the day and so on. There are also various discomforts during pregnancy, such as leg cramps, frequent feelings of frequent urination, unjustified use of the toilet, backache, and worry about not taking the baby well. No matter what the cause is, first of all we must know that insomnia will make you uncomfortable, but it is harmless to the baby, do not worry about hurting the baby. Many people suffer from insomnia, and good sleep is a prerequisite for health. What should I do if I suffer from insomnia during pregnancy? Sleep is a golden chain linking health and body. Do n’t despair for insomnia during pregnancy. You can do something to improve sleep quality. Review the basics of good sleep, learn sleep aids, and tips for safe use during pregnancy. The following methods may be useful to you. 1. Exercise regularly. Many people dare not exercise after pregnancy. In fact, it is wrong. Exercise will secrete pleasant endorphins. A moderate amount of exercise is very helpful for maternal health. When consulting a doctor or a qualified fitness instructor, we can swim, jog, dance, yoga, and stretch. If your family is against it or you are worried about it, then walking is a suitable activity for young and old, and it can be carried out anytime, anywhere, as long as you feel not tired. Static training such as meditation and abdominal breathing techniques may help them relax and improve muscle soreness during pregnancy. Don’t do intense exercise after evening, especially 2 hours before bedtime. 2. A good sleeping environment According to your own habits, you can make a small nest that you can see comfortably. You can try to put some soothing music hypnosis. Take a hot bath or a massage before going to bed, and place electronic devices such as mobile phones outside the bedroom to relax your body. Try to use c-shaped or u-shaped pillows specially designed for pregnant women. Try a wedge-shaped pillow, which can support your abdomen. Place pillows on your abdomen and back for extra support and feel more comfortable. If you have heartburn or difficulty breathing, try raising your upper body a bit. Latex mattresses have better elasticity. If lying on the side will bring too much pressure on the hips, the latex mattress may play a role in relief. 3. Wear comfortable clothes and wear a bra and maternity belt designed for sleeping, so that your breasts, abdomen and back get extra support. 4. Stop eating 2 hours before going to bed to prevent overeating. Eat less and eat more, and chew food slowly and thoroughly. Place extra pillows under the chest and head to increase the height of the upper body, which can help reduce acid reflux and avoid heartburn. If you lie for a long time and still can’t sleep, you can consider getting up. Try to read a book, have some snacks, or drink hot milk, and then go to bed when you are drowsy. If you have persistent insomnia, you need to talk to someone, or the medical staff to talk about whether you need other interventions. Do you have any thoughts on today’s topic? Welcome to leave a comment and communicate with us. Writing is not easy, please help me forward the message, Dr. Raindrop thank you! Disclaimer: My popular science, popular science content is my personal opinion, for reference only, and has nothing to do with my employer. If my science content is wrong, please leave a message to tell me, I am very willing to verify and correct. Part of the picture source network, if it involves your copyright, please contact me to delete.

Latest research: Hypertension in people who are overweight does not fall to 140/90, but below 120/80

In his 40s, he was the master of the garage janitor. He was chubby, and he was sitting there holding a cigarette, motionless. Sudden hemiplegic aphasia last night, after a brain CT scan showed a large area of ​​cerebral infarction, and later moved into the intensive care unit. The lover of the public said that he had high blood pressure during the week and usually took medicine. Sometimes he went to the outpatient clinic to measure the blood pressure. Most of the blood pressure was around 140/90, but almost no lower than 130/80. Coupled with obesity, smoking, and sedentary exercise, these are the main causes of acute cerebral infarction. Hypertension like Dazhou not only requires weight loss and more exercise, quit smoking and take antihypertensive drugs and so on. The key is that although he is taking antihypertensive drugs, although the blood pressure can also fall below 140/90, it is still far from the ideal blood pressure difference. 1. The latest study: Obese hypertensives should have their blood pressure lower than 120/80 to be safe. A newly published study shows that different weights have different standards for lowering hypertension, especially for people who are overweight, blood pressure should be lower Some are safe. For those with body mass index <24, the ideal blood pressure is 130 / 80mmHg, while for those ≥ 24, the blood pressure is less than 120 / 80mmHg. The study included 45,925 participants and was followed up in 2008, 2010, and 2017, respectively. For 12.5 years, 2,548 strokes occurred, including 1776 ischemic strokes and 719 hemorrhagic strokes. For every 20 mmHg increase in systolic blood pressure, the risk of stroke increases by 27.7%, the risk of ischemic stroke increases by 30.7%, and the risk of hemorrhagic stroke increases by 23.9%; for every 10 mmHg increase in diastolic blood pressure, the risk of stroke increases by 13.8%, ischemic stroke The risk increased by 11.2%, and the risk of hemorrhagic stroke increased by 22.8%. The final conclusion is: for those with a body mass index <24, the ideal blood pressure is 130 / 80mmHg, and for those ≥ 24, the blood pressure is less than 120 / 80mmHg. Second, how to judge whether it is obese, the relationship between body weight and high blood pressure, body mass index BMI is an important standard commonly used in the world to measure the degree of human obesity and whether it is healthy, ideal BMI (18.5 ~ 23.9) = weight (unit Kg) ÷ height squared ( Unit m) According to the standards set by the World Health Organization, Asians with a BMI above 22.9 are considered overweight. Internationally, BMI greater than 25 is considered overweight, and BMI greater than 30 is considered obese. Experts in China believe that although the Chinese are Asians, the upper limit of the normal range of body mass index should be lower than the Asian standard. Some experts suggest that the best value for Chinese BMI should be 20-22, BMI greater than 23.9 is overweight, and BMI greater than 30 is obese. BMI≥24, the risk of hypertension is 3-4 times, BMI≥28, 90% have cardiovascular disease or metabolic disease. Every weight drop of 5.1kg, high pressure drop of 5.55, low pressure drop of 3.57, the heavier the weight, the better the effect of reducing blood pressure by weight loss, weight loss of 10kg, can reduce blood pressure 5-20mmHg. This shows the effect of overweight and obesity on blood pressure. Big week, height 1.76m, weight nearly 200 kg, BMI32.6 is far more than 25, all big week blood pressure should be reduced to below 120/80, in order to reduce the risk of cerebral infarction. However, the long-term blood pressure at large weeks is only controlled at 140/90, which is much higher than the ideal level, so the risk of cerebral infarction will be significantly increased. For hypertensive patients who are overweight, on the one hand, they should lower their blood pressure to a more ideal level, and at the same time, they should control their weight. Only when the weight is down, the blood pressure will be better, and the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will be reduced. In short, the three high risks of obesity will increase; obesity + hypertension, need to control body weight, blood pressure should be as low as 120/80 or less to better reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Excessive or too little stool is problematic, some indicate bowel cancer, and some may cause facial stains

Defecation is less than 3 times a week, and it takes a lot of time to defecate, and the stool is hard, and the amount is small. This is constipation. The frequency of bowel movements is obviously higher than the frequency of usual habits. The feces are thin, the water is increased, and the daily bowel movement exceeds 200g, which belongs to the category of diarrhea. Stooling a few times a day and defecating once a few days are not normal phenomena, and there are different causes. Excessive stools, terrible places stools several times a day, loose stools, electrolyte disturbances, low sodium and potassium, daily fatigue is obvious, over time, there may be malnutrition, due to vitamin AD absorption disorders Osteoporosis. Moreover, the anus is prone to rupture of mucous membranes, hemorrhoids, anal pain, etc. If a person repeatedly urinates more than three times a day and does not form stools, and the course of disease exceeds two months, it is called chronic diarrhea. The causes include infectious and non-infectious inflammation. Infectious inflammations such as intestinal amoebic dysentery, intestinal tuberculosis, and intestinal candidiasis. Non-infectious inflammations include inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis), radiation enteritis, ischemic colitis, uremic enteritis and so on. In addition, intestinal dysfunction and irritable bowel syndrome can also cause more stools per day. In particular, the cause of chronic diarrhea is intestinal malignant tumors, such as colorectal cancer, carcinoid tumors, and intestinal stromal tumors. Such diseases may show that diarrhea alternates with normal constipation, and some patients have mucus pus and blood. As the disease progresses, the patient will show weight loss, abdominal pain, bloating, or abdominal mass. The number of stools is too small, and the danger of long-term constipation is terrible. Poor bowel movements for a long time can reduce appetite due to abdominal distension; it can also cause proctitis, anal fissures, hemorrhoids, anal bleeding, etc .; constipation can induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, such as angina pectoris, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, and sudden death; women are prone to long-term constipation It appears to be frivolous and has freckles on its face; it is also prone to anxiety and depression. Long-term constipation increases the risk of colorectal cancer. If you have less than 3 bowel movements per week, and you have a hard time to defecate, and the course of disease exceeds 6 months, it is called chronic constipation. There are many causes of chronic constipation, both physiological and disease-related. Many people eat rice noodles too fine, meat dishes eat too much, too few fruits and vegetables, and drinking too little water, constipation is prone to occur; poor bowel habits, irregular life, and sedentary movements can also cause constipation; elderly people are weak, intestines Slow peristalsis and weak bowel movements are a high incidence of habitual constipation. Chronic constipation caused by the disease includes anal diseases such as hemorrhoids and anal fissures; intestinal diseases such as intestinal polyps, colorectal tumors, inflammation, diverticulosis; neurological diseases such as cerebrovascular or spinal cord; endocrine diseases such as hypothyroidism and diabetes. There are also some constipation caused by drugs, such as diuretics, opioid analgesics, etc. Whether it is long-term constipation or long-term diarrhea, it is harmful to the body, but this is just a manifestation. It is important to find out the cause and treat it for the corresponding cause. Especially those who have a sudden change in stool frequency and traits should pay attention and go to the hospital for examination in time. One of the most terrifying diseases is the malignant tumor of the intestine, which can cause constipation or diarrhea. In recent years, with the improvement of living standards, the incidence of bowel cancer has increased year by year.

Who is suitable for liposuction?

If you want to know what kind of person is suitable for liposuction, you need to figure out: What is liposuction? What is the role of liposuction? This is a way of “fat reduction” to help us shape and get more beautiful body lines. There is a small knowledge point that the number of fat cells in our adults is constant and will not naturally increase and decrease. In fact, what we call “fat reduction” every day refers to the reduction of the volume of our individual fat cells through exercise and reasonable dietary intake, so as to reduce the proportion of the overall fat volume in the human body and obtain a slimming effect. Liposuction is used as an orthopedic surgery. It uses physical means to artificially puncture and reduce the number of fat cells in our body to achieve the purpose of local shaping. So what kind of person is suitable for liposuction? Of course, local fat accumulation affects the body shape of friends. As I said just now, liposuction is actually to reduce the number of fat cells in our body by suction to perform local shaping. Then the first condition is that some parts of your body do have fat accumulation, for example: face (cheek, jaw)-round face, big chin neck-double chin waist abdomen-thick waist Part-thick legs We must know that these local areas “too thick, too large” are not necessarily caused by fat accumulation. It may also be caused by muscles (such as arms and legs) or bones (typically the lower jaw angle). So we have to judge whether we really have local fat accumulation, muscle and bone problems can not be solved by liposuction. Conditional friends can use fat testing. A simpler method is to pinch the part where you think there may be fat accumulation. If you can pinch a soft layer of fat, you can initially judge that there is a certain amount of fat accumulation. The amount of liposuction should be grasped. In addition, we must remind you that the amount of liposuction must be grasped. It’s not that the more you suck, the better! Most people’s liposuction volume is in the range of 1500cc-4000cc, this is a relatively safe liposuction range, it is not recommended to exceed 5000cc. The taboo crowd of liposuction course, of course, should also pay attention to this taboo crowd of liposuction surgery: organic heart and lung disease, severe drug allergy history, thrombophlebitis, coagulopathy; Fetus causes); obese adolescents and children under the age of 18 who are in the stage of growth and development; effect. But everyone should also check the taboo crowd list, safety is paramount. & nbsp.

How these manifestations of chronic gastritis may become cancerous! Need to pay attention to patients with stomach problems

Last week, one of my buddies had a gastroscope, which suggested gastritis. This terrified him, and he was terribly worried. He said: What can I do? Some people say that there are 4 steps from gastritis to stomach cancer. I said: How can there be such an argument, even if there is such an argument, only a very few people. Just like saying that one step from life to death, this statement is meaningless, it depends on how we do it. The theory is that very few chronic gastritis will develop into chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia occurs in atrophic gastritis, which is difficult to reverse, and very few will have severe dysplasia, and finally develop into gastric cancer. Most of the chronic gastritis have a good prognosis after treatment! Let ’s take a brief look at gastritis and gastric cancer today: 1. Gastritis 1. What is chronic gastritis? Chronic gastritis refers to various chronic gastric mucosal inflammatory lesions caused by different causes. It is a common disease, and its incidence ranks first among various gastric diseases . The infection rate of H. pylori in the Chinese population is about 40-60%, and it can almost be said that chronic gastritis is equivalent to H. pylori infection. Because more than 90% of chronic gastritis has H. pylori infection, about 50% of people may have Chronic gastritis. If chronic gastritis can develop into gastric cancer, wouldn’t 50% of people have gastric cancer? 2. Causes of chronic gastritis The main cause of chronic gastritis is Helicobacter pylori infection, which is also related to autoimmunity and duodenal reflux. The predisposing factors are related to alcoholism, long-term eating hot and cold stimuli, rough food, overeating, irregular eating, and salty taste; it is also related to irritating drugs, smoking, and mental stress. 3. What are the manifestations of chronic gastritis? Chronic gastritis may present with abdominal discomfort, fullness, dull pain, burning pain, loss of appetite, belching, acid reflux, nausea, etc .; May appear weight loss, anemia, glossitis, diarrhea and so on. 4. How to confirm the diagnosis and treatment is easy to confirm through gastroscopy, of course, at the same time need to check for Helicobacter pylori infection. If it is mild chronic gastritis, generally no drug treatment is needed, and most of them can be controlled through healthy eating habits and lifestyles. If atrophic gastritis or intestinal metaplasia occurs, then active treatment is required: Helicobacter pylori is generally required to be cured: azoles + antibiotics + bismuth, and the prognosis is generally good. However, gastritis with a history of aggravating gastric cancer, a single diet, long-term consumption of pickled or smoked products, or gastroenteritis with intestinal metaplasia needs to be reviewed regularly to avoid the development of gastric cancer. 2. Gastric Cancer 1. What is gastric cancer is very simple, it is canceration of the stomach. Malignant tumors originating from gastric mucosa epithelium have obvious regional differences in the incidence of gastric cancer. The incidence of gastric cancer in the northwest and eastern coastal regions of China is significantly higher than that in the southern region. Occurs between 40-70 years old, more men than women; if gastric cancer is detected and treated early, the 5-year survival rate after surgery is 90-100%, but for advanced gastric cancer, the survival rate is less than 30%. 2. The causes of gastric cancer have occurred atrophic gastritis, atrophic gastritis intestinal metaplasia, hyperplasia, Helicobacter pylori infection, unhealthy diet, genetic factors can cause gastric cancer. People with long-term consumption of smoked and salted foods have a high incidence of distal gastric cancer, which is related to the high content of carcinogens or pre-carcinogens in foods such as nitrite, mycotoxins, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds; the risk of stomach cancer in smokers 50% higher than non-smokers. Eating too much salt for a long time will also increase the risk of stomach cancer. 3. What are the manifestations of gastric cancer? 80% of gastric cancers have no special manifestations in the early stage, and may show symptoms like gastritis such as fullness and discomfort, indigestion, and abdominal pain. In mid-term gastric cancer, upper abdominal pain, anorexia, weight loss, anemia, and masses can be touched in the upper abdomen. Abdominal pain in gastric cancer is often irregular and has nothing to do with eating. Advanced gastric cancer is mainly aggravated upper abdominal pain, hematemesis, black and white, more weight loss, and the general condition is getting worse. 4. How to diagnose and treat gastroscopy and specimen biopsy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of gastric cancer. Early detection, early surgery can be cured; if it continues to progress, there is no timely surgery, you need to cooperate with radiotherapy and chemotherapy and targeted therapy; drug treatment is mainly to promote digestion, improve appetite, suppress acid and protect the gastric mucosa, and prevent nausea and symptomatic treatment. In short, the development of gastritis to gastric cancer is not so simple. Most gastritis will not develop to gastric cancer; but gastritis needs to attract our attention, develop a healthy diet, and cooperate with drug treatment when necessary, so as not to aggravate and develop gastritis. For atrophic gastritis, and then intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia

Can everyone apply the low sodium salt that has emerged in recent years to play a role in health care? Yes no

Chai rice oil salt sauce vinegar tea is essential in daily life. The standard of living has been improved, and the material is extremely rich. The various salts in the supermarket are dazzling, such as low sodium salt, no iodized salt, seaweed iodized salt, etc. Many friends also have a lot of confusion in the selection. Is low sodium salt better and healthier? Is it suitable for everyone to eat low sodium salt? Low sodium salt is a kind of common salt that uses common salt as raw material to reduce sodium ion concentration by adding food additives (such as potassium chloride). Low sodium salt is a nutrient salt, which is commonly used in developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and Canada. Compared with ordinary salt, the content of sodium chloride has dropped by about 30%. The sodium chloride content of the traditional salt is above 95%, and 30% potassium chloride is added to the low sodium salt, which reduces the sodium chloride content to about 70% of the ordinary salt. While hardly affecting the salty taste, it can easily reduce salt intake by a quarter to a third, while effectively increasing potassium intake. We all know that “too much salt” will increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, especially affecting blood pressure. In fact, this is all caused by the sodium in the salt. Human blood vessels are permeable. Sodium is like a sponge. If the sodium intake is too much, it will absorb water into the blood vessels and cause water and sodium retention, increase blood volume and increase pressure on the blood vessels. Growing up, leading to high blood pressure. Hypertensive patients have too much salt intake, and even with antihypertensive drugs, blood pressure is difficult to control normally. Potassium can just play a role in restricting sodium. Sodium and potassium are antagonistic. When sodium is rampant in the world, the power of potassium will be suppressed and will not play a regulatory role, but if you increase the intake of potassium in food, you can It weakens the arrogance of sodium, promotes the discharge of sodium, and reduces the phenomenon of sodium retention in water. The low sodium salt happens to play such a role. This shows that low sodium salts are indeed healthier. On April 22, BMJ published a study completed by Peking University and famous academic institutions in Britain and the United States. It showed that replacing low-sodium salt (that is, potassium-rich salt) with ordinary sodium in China can reduce the heart rate by about 450,000 per year. The number of deaths from vascular diseases. The prevention and treatment of hypertension include medical treatment and non-pharmacological treatment. Among them, non-pharmacological treatments include weight control, low-salt and low-fat diet, quitting smoking and alcohol, and increasing exercise. For many people who can lose weight, exercise, and quit smoking, many people can’t do it except for salt. They feel that salt is light and tasteless, especially if the northern diet is heavy, which is very bad for blood pressure control and increases the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases probability. In fact, in all non-pharmacological treatments, salt restriction is the easiest to do, simple and convenient, and changing salt can help control blood pressure. It is worth mentioning that not everyone is suitable for low sodium salts. 1. Patients with chronic kidney disease are not recommended to use low sodium salts. 2. There are rare adrenal insufficiency, low renin and low aldosterone are not recommended to use low sodium salt. 3. When using potassium-preserving drugs, it is not suitable to use low sodium salts because of the potential risk of hyperkalemia. Low-sodium salt is not salty enough, don’t try to increase the amount because it is too light when cooking. The guidelines for prevention and treatment of hypertension in our country clearly state that those with good renal function can choose low sodium and potassium rich alternative salts. But don’t use it because of the benefits of low sodium salt, otherwise you will lose the meaning of low sodium salt.